CN108739096B - Household planting method for tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg - Google Patents

Household planting method for tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg Download PDF

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CN108739096B
CN108739096B CN201810297892.4A CN201810297892A CN108739096B CN 108739096 B CN108739096 B CN 108739096B CN 201810297892 A CN201810297892 A CN 201810297892A CN 108739096 B CN108739096 B CN 108739096B
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radix tetrastigme
planting
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cultivation
soil
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CN108739096A (en
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张东宁
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Suixi Yecao Information Technology Co., Ltd
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Suixi Yecao Information Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • A01G24/15Calcined rock, e.g. perlite, vermiculite or clay aggregates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/27Pulp, e.g. bagasse
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Inorganic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Pest Control & Pesticides (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of Chinese herbal medicine planting, in particular to a household planting method of radix tetrastigme. Purchasing a tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg plant after cutting seedling raising in spring, planting the tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg plant in a planting pot, and placing the plant on a balcony for growth management; when the vines grow to 35-40 cm, erecting to guide the vines to climb; splashing fertilizer liquid for 4-10 times in spring, summer and autumn; in winter, soil is changed and over-dense weak branches and/or dead branches are trimmed; collecting partial radix Apioris Fortunei root tuber after winter solstice, and fresh-keeping or sun-drying for eating; the method carries out household planting of the radix tetrastigme through the specially-made radix tetrastigme cultivation pot, only part of tuberous roots of the upper half part of the cultivation pot are harvested when the tuberous roots of the radix tetrastigme are picked, rootstocks and a small number of tuberous roots of the radix tetrastigme are left, the radix tetrastigme is continuously planted after the upper layer of cultivation soil is replaced, the tuberous roots of the radix tetrastigme can be continuously harvested for multiple times after one-time planting survival, the planting cost is efficiently reduced, the planting is more tedious, and the method.

Description

Household planting method for tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of Chinese herbal medicine planting, in particular to a household planting method of radix tetrastigme.
Background
Radix tetrastigme (Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg), namely Anoectochilus roxburghii, Anoectochilus formosanus, radix seu caulis Parthenocissi Laetivirentis, radix seu caulis Parthenocissi Tricuspidatae, herba Pettuyniae Repentis, radix Seu caulis Parthenocissi Tricuspidatae, herba Seu radix Berchemiae Dillenii, radix seu caulis Parthenocissi Tricuspidatae and radix Trifolii.
Radix tetrastigme is a folk Chinese herbal medicine and is extremely rare, and the history of tumor treatment by the radix tetrastigme in Zhejiang folk is long. The radix tetrastigme has miraculous effects, has the effects of improving immunity, resisting virus and enhancing liver function, is praised as an excellent Chinese herbal medicine by the traditional Chinese medicine world, and particularly has unique curative effects on cancers, tumors, hepatitis B, infantile febrile convulsion, bronchitis, pneumonia, viral meningitis and the like.
The wild radix tetrastigme has the specific obvious curative effects of resisting tumors, viruses, high fever and the like in the aspects of pharmacology, clinic and the like, and is concerned by scholars at home and abroad.
The wild radix tetrastigme is a typical vine-type plant, has the characteristic of high growth speed and climbing habit, is generally thin and long in stem, is difficult to control plant shape, is extremely easy to grow roots in each section, is usually attached to mountain stones, sloping fields or general vegetation, is excessively vigorous in branch and leaf growth, consumes most energy, is difficult to store nutrition to form underground tubers, and is very low in yield.
However, although the radix tetrastigme is good, the radix tetrastigme is not easy to take, and particularly, urban workers have difficulty in getting fresh and green radix tetrastigme root tubers; even if fresh rhizoma polygonati exists, people do not have the efforts to wash, slice and eat, and even if the rhizoma polygonati is eaten after being simply processed.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems and help more urban or rural lives to eat fresh green radix tetrastigme root tubers, the invention provides a household planting method of radix tetrastigme.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a household planting method of radix tetrastigme comprises the following steps:
a. purchasing a tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg plant after cutting seedling raising in spring, planting the tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg plant in a planting pot, and placing the plant on a balcony for growth management;
b. when the vines grow to 35-40 cm, erecting to guide the vines to climb; splashing fertilizer liquid for 4-10 times in spring, summer and autumn; in winter, soil is changed and over-dense weak branches and/or dead branches are trimmed;
c. harvesting the ripe radix tetrastigme fruits in the fruit ripening season, and using the fruits fresh or after drying in the sun for eating; after winter solstice, part of radix tetrastigme root tuber is collected when soil is changed, and the radix tetrastigme is fresh or dried in the sun for eating.
Preferably, the fixed-value season of the radix tetrastigme plants is the morning of rainy days in middle ten days of spring, the culture soil is compacted after the fixed value is finished, and sufficient root fixing water is poured; the radix tetrastigme plant is a young tender radix tetrastigme plant with roots and leaves just growing after the cutting seedling is carried out for 30-40 days.
Preferably, the planting pot is a wooden barrel with the diameter of 12-15 cm and the depth of 20-25 cm, and the side surface of the barrel is drilled with a hole diameter of 50-100 mm or less; the middle part of the barrel also comprises a partition plate with the thickness of 1cm and the diameter completely same as that of the barrel, the barrel is divided into an upper part and a lower part on average, and 8-12 pore diameters with the diameter less than or equal to 1cm are drilled on the partition plate.
Preferably, the planting method of radix tetrastigme is as follows:
stacking No. 1 cultivation soil with the water content of 25-30% in the lower half part of the cultivation pot, stacking the No. 1 cultivation soil until the water content is 1cm higher than the middle scribed lines of the cultivation pot, flatly placing the isolation plate into the cultivation pot, and pressing until the upper surface of the isolation plate is just overlapped with the middle scribed lines of the cultivation pot; placing No. 2 cultivation soil with the water content of 45-50% into the upper half part of each cultivation pot, planting the tetrastigma hemsleyanum seedling plants into the middle part of the No. 2 cultivation soil, planting 2 tetrastigma hemsleyanum seedlings in each cultivation pot, compacting, and watering enough root fixing water; and (4) placing the radix tetrastigme after the field planting on a balcony for planting management, wherein the distance between adjacent cultivation pots is 60-80 cm.
Preferably, the No. 1 cultivation soil comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight:
20-25 parts of humus soil, 20-25 parts of vegetable garden soil, 2-5 parts of loess, 1-3 parts of ternary compound fertilizer, 10-15 parts of vermiculite, 15-20 parts of rice bran and 3-7 parts of river sand.
Preferably, the No. 2 cultivation soil comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight:
20-25 parts of humus soil, 15-20 parts of vegetable garden soil, 1-3 parts of loess, 1-3 parts of ternary compound fertilizer, 10-15 parts of vermiculite, 15-20 parts of rice bran, 3-7 parts of river sand, 5-10 parts of plant ash and 3-8 parts of dried decomposed chicken manure.
Preferably, in the growth management process of the balcony, the application mode of the fertilizer liquid is as follows:
spraying a potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution with the concentration of 0.1-0.2% once per month in spring and summer, applying 20-40 ml of the solution to each plant of the radix tetrastigme every time, increasing the application amount by 10ml every 6 months, and applying 40ml each time later; in autumn, 0.4-0.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution is applied once every 1.5 months, 10-30 ml of radix tetrastigme plants are applied each time, the application amount is increased by 10ml every 6 months, and 30ml of the solution is applied each time later.
Preferably, in the balcony growth management process, the radix tetrastigme watering method comprises the following steps:
when the cultivation soil in the cultivation pot is dried completely, clear water is injected into the cultivation soil in the radial pot through the side hole of the cultivation pot until the cultivation soil is wet but does not drip; and (4) after the clear water is injected, filling clear water in a spraying pot to spray the leaves of the radix tetrastigme until the leaves of the radix tetrastigme are wet but do not drip.
Preferably, the radix tetrastigme tuber picking method comprises the following steps:
after planting the winter solstice of the current year, under the condition that the tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg plants are not damaged, removing the cultivation soil in the upper half part of the cultivation pot, cutting root tubers, and leaving 1-3 root tubers during cutting; changing No. 2 cultivation soil, compacting, pouring enough root fixing water, and continuing to perform growth management on the radix tetrastigme plants; after planting the winter solstice of the second year, picking the radix tetrastigme root tuber according to the same root tuber picking method; picking radix tetrastigme root tubers according to the same root tuber picking method after winter to winter every year; removing the plant of radix tetrastigme when the planting age of the radix tetrastigme is more than or equal to 3 years, planting the plant newly, and completely picking the root tuber of the radix tetrastigme in the upper part and the lower part of the cultivation pot.
Preferably, the method for pruning the tetrastigma hemsleyanum plant comprises the following steps:
after soil is changed in winter, the seedlings of radix tetrastigme are trimmed, 0.50-0.60 m trunk and 4-5 main branches at the upper end are reserved, 2-3 buds are reserved on each main branch, the main branches are led to vines to a radix tetrastigme erecting frame, dry, yellow and falling leaves and weak branches are cleaned, and the balcony environment is kept clean.
In the technical scheme provided by the invention, the radix tetrastigme seedlings can also pick young plants germinated from wild radix tetrastigme in spring, and the young plants are kept attached with 2-7 rootstocks during picking.
In the technical scheme provided by the invention, the radix tetrastigme can be placed in a roof or a shed for growth management after the radix tetrastigme is fixed.
In the technical scheme provided by the invention, the radix tetrastigme fruits can be directly soaked in water for eating or cut after being dried in the sun and swallowed by boiled water; the radix tetrastigme root tuber can be directly cleaned, sliced, chewed or dried in the sun and then crushed, and then swallowed with boiled water.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the invention provides a household planting method of radix tetrastigme, urban living beings can plant the radix tetrastigme on a balcony or a roof of a house, and can enjoy the planting fun while enjoying the root tuber and the fruit of the fresh green radix tetrastigme;
2. the method carries out household planting of the radix tetrastigme through the specially-made radix tetrastigme cultivation basin, only part of tuberous roots of the upper half part of the cultivation basin are harvested when the tuberous roots of the radix tetrastigme are picked, rootstocks and a small amount of tuberous roots of the radix tetrastigme are left, the radix tetrastigme is continuously planted after the upper layer of cultivation soil is replaced, the tuberous roots of the radix tetrastigme can be continuously harvested for multiple times after one-time planting survival, the planting cost is efficiently reduced, the planting is more tedious, and the method;
3. the stem leaves of the radix tetrastigme are arranged in a mode of building frames and guiding vines to climb, so that a beautiful landscape is formed on a balcony, the radix tetrastigme root tuber with satisfactory food therapy effect can be harvested, and a house can be beautified;
4. the household planting method for the tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg provided by the invention is simple, the economic benefit is high, and the survival rate is more than or equal to 95%.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to specific embodiments, but the technical solutions provided by the present invention include not only the contents shown in the examples.
Example 1
The embodiment of the method provides a household planting method of radix tetrastigme, which comprises the following specific planting processes:
step one, preparing a cultivation pot: the planting pot is a wooden drum with the diameter of 15cm and the depth of 25cm, the side surface of the drum is drilled with an aperture with the aperture diameter of 80 mm and the aperture distance of 8 cm; the middle part of the barrel also comprises an isolation plate with the thickness of 1cm and the diameter completely same as that of the barrel, the barrel is divided into an upper part and a lower part on average, and the isolation plate is drilled with 12 apertures with the diameter of cm;
step two, preparing cultivation soil 1: taking 20 parts of humus soil, 25 parts of vegetable garden soil, 5 parts of loess, 3 parts of ternary compound fertilizer, 15 parts of vermiculite, 15 parts of rice bran and 3 parts of river sand, uniformly mixing, placing at 130 ℃ for high-temperature sterilization for 25min, cooling to room temperature, and controlling the water content to be 25% for later use;
step three, preparing cultivation soil 2: taking 25 parts of humus soil, 15 parts of vegetable garden soil, 1 part of loess, 1 part of ternary compound fertilizer, 15 parts of vermiculite, 20 parts of rice bran, 7 parts of river sand, 7 parts of plant ash and 5 parts of dried decomposed chicken manure;
step four, planting plants: purchasing a radix tetrastigme plant after cutting seedling raising is finished in middle ten days of spring, wherein the fixed-value season of the radix tetrastigme plant is the morning of rainy days in middle ten days of spring; the radix tetrastigme plant is a young tender radix tetrastigme plant with roots and leaves just growing after 35d of cutting seedling raising; purchasing No. 1 cultivation soil with the water content of 25% in the lower half part of the cultivation pot in the next morning, stacking the No. 1 cultivation soil until the water content is 1cm higher than the middle scribed lines of the cultivation pot, placing the isolation plate in the cultivation pot in a horizontal manner, and pressing until the upper surface of the isolation plate is just overlapped with the middle scribed lines of the cultivation pot; placing No. 2 cultivation soil with water content of 45% into the upper half part of each cultivation pot, planting the Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg seedling plants into the middle part of the No. 2 cultivation soil, planting 2 Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg seedlings in each cultivation pot, compacting, and watering for fixing root water; placing the radix tetrastigme after the field planting on a balcony for planting management, keeping the distance between adjacent cultivation pots at 60cm, compacting culture soil after the setting is finished, and watering enough root setting water; placing the plants on a balcony for growth management;
step five, fertilizer liquid management: spraying a potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution with the concentration of 0.2% once a month in spring and summer, applying 20ml to 40ml per pot of radix tetrastigme plant each time, increasing the application amount by 10ml every 6 months, and applying 40ml each time later; in autumn, 0.4% potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution is applied once every 1.5 months, 10ml to 30ml of radix tetrastigme plants are applied every time, the application amount is increased by 10ml every 6 months, and 30ml is applied every time;
step six, water management: when the cultivation soil in the cultivation pot is dried completely, clear water is injected into the cultivation soil in the radial pot through the side hole of the cultivation pot until the cultivation soil is wet but does not drip; after the clear water is injected, the clear water is contained in a spray can and sprayed on the leaves of the radix tetrastigme until the leaves of the radix tetrastigme are wet but do not drip;
step seven, harvesting and soil replacement: harvesting the ripe radix tetrastigme fruits in the fruit ripening season, and using the fruits fresh or after drying in the sun for eating; collecting partial radix Apioris Fortunei root tuber after winter solstice, and fresh-keeping or sun-drying for eating;
the method for picking the radix tetrastigme root tuber comprises the following steps:
after planting the winter solstice of the current year, under the condition of not damaging the tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg plants, removing the cultivation soil in the upper half part of the cultivation pot, cutting root tubers, and leaving 2 root tubers during cutting; changing No. 2 cultivation soil, compacting, pouring enough root fixing water, and continuing to perform growth management on the radix tetrastigme plants; after planting the winter solstice of the second year, picking the radix tetrastigme root tuber according to the same root tuber picking method; picking radix tetrastigme root tubers according to the same root tuber picking method after winter to winter every year; removing the radix tetrastigme plants after the planting age of the radix tetrastigme exceeds 4 years, planting the radix tetrastigme newly, and completely picking the root tuber of the radix tetrastigme in the upper part and the lower part of the cultivation pot;
step eight, shaping and trimming: after soil is changed in winter, the seedlings of radix tetrastigme are trimmed, 0.60m trunk and 5 main branches at the upper end are reserved, 3 buds are reserved on each main branch, the main branches are led to vines to the radix tetrastigme to be erected on a frame, dry, yellow and fallen leaves and weak branches are cleaned, and the balcony environment is kept clean.
Example 2
The embodiment provides another home-type planting method of the tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg, wherein a roof is selected to grow and cultivate the tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg plants, and the specific planting process is as follows:
a. purchasing a tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg plant after cutting seedling raising in spring, planting the plant in a planting pot, placing the plant on the roof for growth management, and erecting a rainproof frame for the tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg in the planting process, so that the tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg is effectively prevented from being washed by rainstorm or heavy rain in the growth process;
b. when the vines grow to 40cm, erecting to guide the vines to climb; spraying chemical fertilizer liquid for times in spring, summer and autumn; in winter, soil is changed and over-dense weak branches and dead branches are trimmed;
c. harvesting the ripe radix tetrastigme fruits in the fruit ripening season, and using the fruits fresh or after drying in the sun for eating; after winter solstice, part of radix tetrastigme root tuber is collected when soil is changed, and the radix tetrastigme is fresh or dried in the sun for eating.
In this embodiment, the fixed-value season of the tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg is the morning of rainy days in the middle spring, the culture soil is compacted after the fixed value is finished, and sufficient root fixing water is poured; the radix tetrastigme plant is a young tender radix tetrastigme plant with roots and leaves just growing after the cutting seedling is carried out for 30 d.
In the embodiment, the planting pot is a wooden barrel with the diameter of 12cm and the depth of 20cm, the side surface of the barrel is drilled with 75 apertures with the aperture diameter of 3mm, and the interval between the adjacent apertures is 10 cm; the middle part of the barrel also comprises a partition plate with the thickness of 1cm and the diameter completely same as that of the barrel, the barrel is divided into an upper part and a lower part on average, and 10 pore diameters with the diameter of 1cm are drilled on the partition plate.
In this embodiment, the planting method of tetrastigma hemsleyanum includes:
stacking No. 1 cultivation soil with the water content of 30% in the lower half part of the cultivation pot until the No. 1 cultivation soil is higher than the middle scribed lines of the cultivation pot by 1cm, flatly placing the isolation plate into the cultivation pot, and pressing until the upper surface of the isolation plate just coincides with the middle scribed lines of the cultivation pot; placing No. 2 cultivation soil with water content of 50% into the upper half part of each cultivation pot, planting the Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg seedling plants into the middle part of the No. 2 cultivation soil, planting 2 Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg seedlings in each cultivation pot, compacting, and watering for fixing root water; and (4) placing the radix tetrastigme after the field planting on a balcony for planting management, wherein the distance between every two adjacent cultivation pots is 80 cm.
In this embodiment, the No. 1 cultivation soil comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight:
23 parts of humus soil, 23 parts of vegetable garden soil, 3 parts of loess, 2 parts of ternary compound fertilizer, 15 parts of vermiculite, 20 parts of rice bran and 3 parts of river sand.
In this embodiment, the No. 2 cultivation soil comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight:
25 parts of humus soil, 15 parts of vegetable garden soil, 1 part of loess, 1 part of ternary compound fertilizer, 15 parts of vermiculite, 15 parts of rice bran, 7 parts of river sand, 10 parts of plant ash and 8 parts of dried decomposed chicken manure.
In this embodiment, during the growth management of the balcony, the fertilizer solution is applied as follows:
spraying a potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution with the concentration of 0.1% once a month in spring and summer, applying 20ml to 40ml per pot of radix tetrastigme plant each time, increasing the application amount by 10ml every 6 months, and applying 40ml each time later; in autumn, 0.4% potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution is applied once every 1.5 months, 10ml to 30ml is applied to each pan of radix tetrastigme plant, the application amount is increased by 10ml every 6 months, and 30ml is applied to each time.
In this embodiment, the tetrastigma hemsleyanum watering method is as follows:
when the cultivation soil in the cultivation pot is dried completely, clear water is injected into the cultivation soil in the radial pot through the side hole of the cultivation pot until the cultivation soil is wet but does not drip; and (4) after the clear water is injected, filling clear water in a spraying pot to spray the leaves of the radix tetrastigme until the leaves of the radix tetrastigme are wet but do not drip.
In this embodiment, the method for picking radix tetrastigme root tubers comprises the following steps:
after planting the winter solstice of the current year, under the condition of not damaging the tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg plants, removing the cultivation soil in the upper half part of the cultivation pot, cutting root tubers, and leaving 1 root tuber during cutting; changing No. 2 cultivation soil, compacting, pouring enough root fixing water, and continuing to perform growth management on the radix tetrastigme plants; after planting the winter solstice of the second year, picking the radix tetrastigme root tuber according to the same root tuber picking method; picking radix tetrastigme root tubers according to the same root tuber picking method after winter to winter every year; removing the plant of radix tetrastigme after the planting age of the radix tetrastigme exceeds 3 years, planting the plant newly, and completely picking the root tuber of the radix tetrastigme in the upper part and the lower part of the cultivation pot.
In this embodiment, the method for pruning the tetrastigma hemsleyanum plant is as follows:
after soil is changed in winter, the seedlings of radix tetrastigme are trimmed, 0.50m trunk and 4 main branches at the upper end are reserved, 3 buds are reserved on each main branch, the main branches are led to vines to the radix tetrastigme to be erected on a frame, dry, yellow and fallen leaves and weak branches are cleaned, and the balcony environment is kept clean.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention in any way, and any modifications, equivalent variations and modifications made to the above embodiments according to the technical spirit of the present invention are within the scope of the present invention without departing from the technical spirit of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. A household planting method of radix tetrastigme is characterized by comprising the following steps:
a. purchasing a tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg plant after cutting seedling raising in spring, stacking No. 1 cultivation soil with the water content of 25-30% in the lower half part of a cultivation pot in the morning of overcast and rainy days in the middle ten days of spring until the No. 1 cultivation soil is 1cm higher than a middle scribed line of the cultivation pot, flatly placing an isolation plate into the cultivation pot, and pressing until the upper surface of the isolation plate is just overlapped with the middle scribed line of the cultivation pot; placing No. 2 cultivation soil with the water content of 45-50% into the upper half part of each cultivation pot, planting the tetrastigma hemsleyanum seedling plants into the middle part of the No. 2 cultivation soil, planting 2 tetrastigma hemsleyanum seedlings in each cultivation pot, compacting, and watering enough root fixing water; placing the radix tetrastigme after the field planting on a balcony for planting management, wherein the distance between adjacent cultivation pots is 60-80 cm;
the radix tetrastigme plant is a young tender radix tetrastigme plant with roots and leaves just growing after the cutting seedling is carried out for 30-40 days;
the planting pot is a wooden barrel with the diameter of 12-15 cm and the depth of 20-25 cm, and the side surface of the barrel is drilled with a hole diameter of 50-100 mm or less; the middle part of the barrel also comprises a partition plate with the thickness of 1cm and the diameter completely same as that of the barrel, the barrel is divided into an upper part and a lower part on average, and 8-12 pore diameters with the diameter less than or equal to 1cm are drilled on the partition plate;
wherein, in the growth management process of the balcony, the radix tetrastigme is watered according to the following method:
when the cultivation soil in the cultivation pot is dried completely, clear water is injected into the cultivation soil in the radial pot through the side hole of the cultivation pot until the cultivation soil is wet but does not drip; spraying radix Apioris Fortunei leaf surface with clear water in a spray can until the radix Apioris Fortunei leaf surface is wet without dripping water
The No. 1 cultivation soil comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight:
20-25 parts of humus soil, 20-25 parts of vegetable garden soil, 2-5 parts of loess, 1-3 parts of ternary compound fertilizer, 10-15 parts of vermiculite, 15-20 parts of rice bran and 3-7 parts of river sand;
the No. 2 cultivation soil comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight:
20-25 parts of humus soil, 15-20 parts of vegetable garden soil, 1-3 parts of loess, 1-3 parts of ternary compound fertilizer, 10-15 parts of vermiculite, 15-20 parts of rice bran, 3-7 parts of river sand, 5-10 parts of plant ash and 3-8 parts of dried decomposed chicken manure;
b. when the vines grow to 35-40 cm, erecting to guide the vines to climb; splashing fertilizer liquid for 4-10 times in spring, summer and autumn; after soil is changed in winter, pruning the seedlings of radix tetrastigme, keeping 0.50-0.60 m of trunk and 4-5 main branches at the upper end, keeping 2-3 buds of each main branch, leading the main branches to vines to a radix tetrastigme erecting frame, cleaning up withered and yellow fallen leaves and weak branches, and keeping the balcony environment clean;
c. harvesting the ripe radix tetrastigme fruits in the fruit ripening season, and using the fruits fresh or after drying in the sun for eating; collecting partial radix Apioris Fortunei root tuber after winter solstice, and fresh-keeping or sun-drying for eating;
the radix tetrastigme root tuber picking method comprises the following steps:
after planting the winter solstice of the current year, under the condition that the tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg plants are not damaged, removing the cultivation soil in the upper half part of the cultivation pot, cutting root tubers, and leaving 1-3 root tubers during cutting; changing No. 2 cultivation soil, compacting, pouring enough root fixing water, and continuing to perform growth management on the radix tetrastigme plants; after planting the winter solstice of the second year, picking the radix tetrastigme root tuber according to the same root tuber picking method; picking radix tetrastigme root tubers according to the same root tuber picking method after winter to winter every year; removing the plant of radix tetrastigme when the planting age of the radix tetrastigme is more than or equal to 3 years, planting the plant newly, and completely picking the root tuber of the radix tetrastigme in the upper part and the lower part of the cultivation pot.
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