CN105145260B - A kind of heliogreenhouse persistently harvests the cultural method of Chinese toon - Google Patents

A kind of heliogreenhouse persistently harvests the cultural method of Chinese toon Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105145260B
CN105145260B CN201510602402.3A CN201510602402A CN105145260B CN 105145260 B CN105145260 B CN 105145260B CN 201510602402 A CN201510602402 A CN 201510602402A CN 105145260 B CN105145260 B CN 105145260B
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China
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chinese toon
heliogreenhouse
days
stump
bud
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CN105145260A (en
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张亚红
方媛
江力
曹震
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Ningxia Zhongqing Biotechnology Co ltd
Shandong Xinxile Biotechnology Co ltd
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Ningxia University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)
  • Hydroponics (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to the cultural methods that a kind of heliogreenhouse persistently harvests Chinese toon.Its main feature is that include the following steps:(1) it in heliogreenhouse, using 1 year raw red oil seedling, is colonized in mid-October;Average organic fertilizer 3000kg 4000kg and diamines 40kg per acre before field planting, play row spacing 100cm, high 30cm, and two ridge spacing 50cm are irrigated using every 2 fine-spraying belts in ridge;(2) suspend mode meets the chilling requirement needed for Chinese toon for 1 month, at the end of November using chemicals for breaking dormancy breaking dormancy, takes off and germinates after covering heating management with mat 40 days, annual New Year's Day harvesting, terminal bud is stayed during harvesting, adopts 10 12cm of spray around lateral bud and terminal bud, spray base portion stays 23 leaves to make auxiliary foster leaf.The present invention using heliogreenhouse Chinese toon concentrate on the spot cold-storage suspend mode, staggeredly stump, remove the high-density planting mode of film rejuvenation on the spot, improve Chinese toon yield, benefit, elongate shelf life to 8 months.

Description

A kind of heliogreenhouse persistently harvests the cultural method of Chinese toon
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultural methods that a kind of heliogreenhouse persistently harvests Chinese toon.
Background technology
Chinese toon (Toona sinensis Roem) is perennial deciduous tree, and tender shoots succulence, shape and color is graceful, and fragrance is dense Strongly fragrant, unique flavor, nutritive value and edible value are all very high, are a kind of favorite woody vegetables of the both urban and rural residents.In recent years, with The raising of living standards of the people, Chinese toon bud are increased as high-grade vegetables demand.
In the Chinese toon tree of open country growth, the north is germinateed the 3-4 months every year, and Time To Market concentrates on or so April, shelf life Short, low output.With the development of industrialized agriculture, Chinese toon greenhouse culture technique is increasingly ripe, and spring can harvest 4-5 times, during listing Between concentrate on the 3-4 months.This greenhouse Chinese toon stores up cultivation technology, southern and northern generally using the outer rejuvenation of Chinese toon seedling room, soil is sombre from late autumn Ground suspend mode, greenhouse temporary planting cultivation production bud, harvesting finish the pattern for transplanting outdoor rejuvenation again, this planting type safety, yield Stablize, but there is 1 year 3 times transplantings, occupy 3 kinds of soils, the amount of labour used greatly, the problems in Time To Market collection.
Invention content
It saves labor the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of, plant simple, listing phase length heliogreenhouse and persistently harvest perfume (or spice) The cultural method of Chinese toon.
A kind of heliogreenhouse persistently harvests the cultural method of Chinese toon, is particular in that, includes the following steps:
(1) it in heliogreenhouse, using 1 year raw red oil seedling, is colonized in mid-October;It is average before field planting to have applied per acre Machine fertilizer 3000kg-4000kg and diamines 40kg plays row spacing 100cm, high 30cm, two ridge spacing 50cm, using every 2 fine-spraying belts in ridge It irrigates;Plantation density seeding row spacing is 15cm × 20cm, per 667m2Transplant 10,000, Chinese toon;
(2) suspend mode meets the chilling requirement needed for Chinese toon for 1 month, at the end of November using chemicals for breaking dormancy breaking dormancy, takes off and covers heating with mat Management is germinateed after 40 days, the harvesting of annual New Year's Day, and when harvesting stays terminal bud, adopts spray 10-12cm around lateral bud and terminal bud, spray base portion 2-3 leaf is stayed to make auxiliary foster leaf;Per 7-10 days, picking was primary, and it is 20 that N, P, K ratio are used after often picking 2 times:10:20 it is compound water-soluble Fertile 25kg adds 500-800 times of liquid manure mixing to irrigate supplementary fertilizer.
Using stump method of interlocking after step (2), fixed pole height 50cm, i.e., two per acre processing, processing one is respectively 3 The moon, May, stump in July, are picked after 17 days;Processing two is respectively April, June, August stump, is picked after 17 days.
The present invention provides a kind of Chinese toon north greenhouse high-densities to transplant pattern, and primary to plant, suspend mode on the spot is staggeredly put down Stubble, Jan-Sept listing, on the spot rejuvenation.By sampling Detection, at the beginning of 1 month with September at the beginning of the nutrient composition content difference of Chinese toon bud do not show It writes, yield is similar to traditional greenhouse grain bin cultivation technology, but saves labor, and the listing phase is long, and economic benefit is higher than traditional cultivation method.This Invention is for China's Chinese toon Time To Market is short, chamber planting time-consuming the problem of take ground, innovation planting type, using sunlight Room Chinese toon concentrate on the spot cold-storage suspend mode, staggeredly stump, remove the high-density planting mode of film rejuvenation on the spot, improve Chinese toon yield, effect Benefit elongated shelf life to 8 months.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
Below by taking Ningxia, China Yinchuan Area as an example.
1. prophase management:
In heliogreenhouse, using 1 year raw red oil (Toona sinensis Roem) seedling, transplant in mid-October To heliogreenhouse, average organic fertilizer 3000kg-4000kg and diamines 40kg per acre before field planting;North and south row to, rise row spacing 100cm, high 30cm, two ridge spacing 50cm are to pick, and plantation density seeding row spacing is 15cm × 20cm, per 4 row of ridge;It is used per ridge 2 fine-spraying belts are irrigated.10,000, Chinese toon is transplanted per acre.
2. sleep management:
The cold resource in the north is made full use of after transplanting, using " concentrating cold-storage " sleep mode, i.e., by the end of October, daytime heliogreenhouse Covering and heat insulating is by preceding air port (the bottom 30cm of away from), and preceding air port is opened (from ground to 30cm), keeps low temperature and poor light, and night concentrates Cool down cold-storage;But when ambient temperature is less than 0 DEG C, night closes air port, and insulation quilt all standing keeps 0-7.2 DEG C of temperature, Chinese toon Sapling suspend mode meets required chilling requirement in 1 month.
3. growth management:
At the end of November using chemicals for breaking dormancy, such as the 25 times of liquid bud pickings of flourish bud, breaking dormancy makes Chinese toon shift to an earlier date 7-15 days and germinates, sprouts Bud is neat when dynamic, bud is strengthened.Daily daytime, which takes off, covers heating with mat, and night thatch putting heat preservation, indoor day temperature is maintained at 18-24 DEG C, evening 10- 14 DEG C, air humidity 70%.It germinates after 40 days, can be harvested after annual New Year's Day, when harvesting stays terminal bud, adopts tender around lateral bud and terminal bud Branch 12cm, spray base portion stay 2-3 leaf to make auxiliary foster leaf.Per 7-15 days, picking was primary.Often pick 2 times after use N, P, K ratio for 20:10:20 water-soluble composite fertilizer 25kg mix 500-800 times of water (per acre) and irrigate supplementary fertilizer.
4. stump management:
Using staggeredly stump method (fixed pole height 50cm), i.e., 2 per acre processing often handle stump 3 times, and processing one exists respectively March, May, stump in July, shoot plucking after each stump 17 days;Processing 2 is picked respectively in April, June, August stump after 17 days. Heliogreenhouse at the beginning of 7 months removes the outdoor growth of film Chinese toon, intertillage, the big fertile rejuvenation of flood.Processing one is in last time stump in July, processing Two at the beginning of August last time stump, can all pick at the beginning of to September, per 667m2Produce Chinese toon 1200kg.
Canopy is detained by the end of October, manually removes blade and side shoot, is heated up, is entered after managing January using aforementioned " concentrating cold-storage " Sprouting stage is adopted in second year growth, recycles 3-5.
For China's Chinese toon Time To Market is short, chamber planting time-consuming the problem of taking ground, the method for the present invention has innovated cultivation Training mode, using heliogreenhouse Chinese toon concentrate on the spot cold-storage suspend mode, staggeredly stump, remove the high-density planting side of film rejuvenation on the spot Formula improves Chinese toon yield, benefit, elongates shelf life to 8 months.It distinguishes or so outdoor cropping April and concentrates listing or heliogreenhouse 4-5 batches of Chinese toon buds of listing are concentrated in cultivation the 3-4 months, at the beginning of this implantation methods can realize 1 month first arrival September, continue the 16 batches of left sides of listing in 8 months The cultivation mode of right Chinese toon, per 667m2Produce Chinese toon 1200kg.This method less investment, quick, Economization on land improves labour life Efficiency is produced, traditional fresh food Chinese toon has been filled up and has listed neutral gear up to 7 months.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of heliogreenhouse persistently harvests the cultural method of Chinese toon, which is characterized in that includes the following steps:
(1)In heliogreenhouse, using 1 year raw red oil seedling, it is colonized in mid-October;Average organic fertilizer per acre before field planting 3000 kg-4000kg and diamines 40kg, play row spacing 100cm, high 30cm, and two ridge spacing 50cm are filled using every 2 fine-spraying belts in ridge It irrigates;Plantation density seeding row spacing is 15 cm × 20 cm, every 667 m2Transplant 10,000, Chinese toon;
(2)Suspend mode meets the chilling requirement needed for Chinese toon for 1 month, at the end of November using chemicals for breaking dormancy breaking dormancy, takes off and covers heating management with mat It germinates after 40 days, annual New Year's Day harvesting, when harvesting stays terminal bud, adopts spray 10-12cm around lateral bud and terminal bud, spray base portion stays 2- 3 leaves make auxiliary foster leaf;Per 7-10 days, picking was primary, and it is 20 that N, P, K ratio are used after often picking 2 times:10:20 compound Water soluble fertilizer 25kg adds 500-800 times of liquid manure mixing to irrigate supplementary fertilizer;
In step(2)Later using stump method of interlocking, fixed pole height 50cm, i.e., two per acre processing, processing one is respectively March, 5 The moon, stump in July, are picked after 17 days;Processing two is respectively April, June, August stump, is picked after 17 days.
CN201510602402.3A 2015-09-21 2015-09-21 A kind of heliogreenhouse persistently harvests the cultural method of Chinese toon Active CN105145260B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105875332A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-08-24 广德县启正农产品专业合作社 Greenhouse circular cultivation method for cedrela sinensis
CN107711268A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-02-23 吕强 A kind of processing method for suppressing Chinese toon lignifying

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN1228914A (en) * 1998-03-13 1999-09-22 庞涛 Quick planting and breeding method for Chinese toon
CN1229574A (en) * 1998-03-20 1999-09-29 朱家宝 Method of fast soiless and three-dimensional culture of toon sprouts
CN1663354A (en) * 2004-03-01 2005-09-07 刘发群 Earth-free cultivating method for Chinese toon seedling
CN100446657C (en) * 2006-08-29 2008-12-31 四川大学 Method for planting Chinese toon trees with compact-plant, stuntedness and high yield function

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Address before: 750001 business room 9, building 13, Golden Triangle modern logistics market, west of Lijing street, Xingqing District, Yinchuan City, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

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