CN104335796A - Potting method for integrating medicinal and ornamental functions of Chinese wistaria - Google Patents

Potting method for integrating medicinal and ornamental functions of Chinese wistaria Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104335796A
CN104335796A CN201310338083.0A CN201310338083A CN104335796A CN 104335796 A CN104335796 A CN 104335796A CN 201310338083 A CN201310338083 A CN 201310338083A CN 104335796 A CN104335796 A CN 104335796A
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Prior art keywords
chinese wistaria
basin
branch
water
organic
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CN201310338083.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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赵百华
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赵百华
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Priority to CN201310338083.0A priority Critical patent/CN104335796A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a potting method for integrating medicinal and ornamental functions of Chinese wistaria. The potting method comprises base fertilizer preparation, pot selection, cutting propagation and management method, wherein the base fertilizer preparation is realized by mixing organic fertilizer with wet and fertile soil with good draining performance; the pot selection is realized by selecting a large and deep earthen pot with the preferable depth of about 80 cm; the cutting propagation is a cutting propagation method benefiting the growth; the management method realizes management key points of temperature, watering, pruning, top dressing, pot exchange and control of diseases and pests. The Chinese wistaria is cultivated by adopting the organic fertilizer; the management is scientific; the potted Chinese wistaria leaves beautify the environment; fruits have the functions of health care and medical treatment.

Description

The medicinal method for potted with viewing and admiring function of Chinese wistaria collection
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of planting, tool refers to the medicinal method for potted with viewing and admiring function of Chinese wistaria collection.
Background technology
Wistaria pulse family Wistaria, be that a kind of fallen leaves climb up by holding on to the large rattan wood plant of prehensile, dry hide Dark grey, does not split, flower purple or darkviolet very beautiful.Chinese wistaria is warm temperate zone plant, to the strong adaptability of weather and soil, more cold-resistant, can water-fast wet and hungry soil, happiness light, more resistance to the moon.Be distributed widely in China domestic, there is higher gardening decorative value and medical value.Chinese wistaria is long-lived seeds, pole among the people happiness plantation, and climing the wriggling of plants stems of growing up prolongs flexing, blooms various, and string a string of flowers sequence hangs between the greenery rattan summer, and tall and thin pod is bent before the wind.Climb around frame with it in garden, make colored corridor, or climb around withered tree with it, have withered tree to meet the meaning of life.Chinese wistaria flower can refine aromatic oil, and have removing toxic substances, the effect such as antiemetic rushes down; The seed of Chinese wistaria is slightly poisonous, containing cyanide, can control muscles and bones pain, and wine corruption can also be prevented rotten; Chinese wistaria leatherware has the effects such as desinsection, pain relieving, dispelling wind and removing obstruction in the meridians, can control muscles and bones pain, wandering arthritis pain, enterobiasis etc.At present, potted landscape cultivation Chinese wistaria is without fertilizer, and use impairs one's health, and feels disappointed deeply.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of Chinese wistaria collection the medicinal method for potted with viewing and admiring function, the method adopts fertilizer culture technique, cultivation without chemical fertilizer, hormone and agricultural chemicals, the Wistaria green plants of cultivation, potted plant Chinese wistaria can be viewed and admired, again when food, medicinal material application.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the problem, concrete steps are as follows:
1, base manure preparation: chicken manure 80%, agricultural crop straw, play are not, residual branch loses leaf, leaf weeds etc. 20%, to ferment king 3 kilograms by organic material per ton, with 3 kilograms, brown sugar, then the 24 kilograms of sealings that add water spread cultivation 10 days after convert for subsequent use, organic material is laid in ground, be paved into wide about 1.5 meters, height about 15 centimetres, be about the organic material stack layers of 3 meters, get the zymophyte be watered in right amount again and evenly sprinkle in organic material that (water content is about 35%, namely hold agglomerating, light shake is namely loose to be as the criterion), continue the organic material at the former organic material upper berth second layer 15 cm thick, drench one time fermentation king dilution again, to be paved with ten layers for a pile, pile bonnet Polypropylence Sheet or pasted mud over, combining with fermentation situation in fermentation process, midway heap once, ferment more than 30 days, mix moistening after becoming fertilizer, fertile, well-drained soil, stir, soil, fertile in 5: 1,
2, basin device is selected: Chinese wistaria main root is dark, and side root is few, select large and dark earthen basin, and the degree of depth, preferably at 80 cm, is convenient to root growth good and absorb more nutrients, is inserted by base manure in basin;
3, cottage propagation: use healthy and strong hard branch annual 3-4 month, long 15-20 centimetre does cuttings, imbeds in basin soil, thick about 3 centimetres of blinding, can root or get raw spray one or two years soon, be cut into 10 to 15 centimetres of sections, straight cutting, oblique cutting;
4, management method
A, temperature: Chinese wistaria happiness illumination is sufficient, also resistance to half cloudy environment, and will there be sufficient strong illumination the season of growth, and potted plant Chinese wistaria is survived the winter most important, if when indoor wintering, temperature must not higher than 15 DEG C, otherwise, Chinese wistaria can not get dormancy, can consume a large amount of nutrients of storage, affect and bloom the coming year;
B, to water: water every day once, the florescence should every day 2 times, and should control autumn to water, attention can not allow root steep in water, otherwise can rotten;
C, pruning: Chinese wistaria is in extremely blooming by the end of May by the end of April, the pod that blossom fall knot is plump, reach 20 centimetres, a lot of nutrient can be consumed, next year is difficult to bloom, therefore it is early suitable to remove residual flower branch, even if the season of growth does not around climb around thing, also can often stretch out end of the branch to seek everywhere, find this situation, cut off climing for length, in order to avoid consume nutrient, impact is bloomed, winter Chinese wistaria fallen leaves after, in resting stage in conjunction with shaping, suitably wipe out overstocked branch and thin and delicate branch, form suffruticose, but multiple axillalry bud and the terminal bud of giving birth to short lateral branch or long shoot from last year of colored fringe will be noted;
D, to topdress: Chinese wistaria is good fertile, vegetative period should normal spraying fertilizer, and should execute phosphate fertilizer honeysuckle before blooming in the season of growth, fertilising will based on phosphate fertilizer, spend within first every about 20 days, impose cake fertilizer water, impose the phosphate fertilizer of 1 time 5% to 10% after spending: cleaned by the egg white in egg shell, dry under the sun, smash to pieces, put into stone roller alms bowl to be again crushed into powder, mix thoroughly in the ratio mixing of 1 part of egg shell powder, 3 parts of basin soil, put into around Chinese wistaria tree root, in watering proce, active ingredient will be separated out;
E, change basin: because basin moves inconvenience more greatly, generally within every 2 ~ 3 years, change a basin soil, increase part base manure, also want removable parts compost every year, change basin multiselect and carry out after fallen leaves dormancy, now, injure less to trees, be convenient to survive;
F, diseases and pests controlling: Chinese wistaria is strong because of growing power, seldom has disease, but occasionally have aphid or Chinese wistaria leaf worm, preferably manual catching and killing, simple, economical and practical pollution-free again.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: family potted plant Chinese wistaria, base manure is fertilizer, environmental protection, Chinese wistaria flower steamed wheaten foods, delicate fragrance is delicious, fresh flower lobe sugar dipping can cake processed, and flower is adopted down and dried, and sends out out clean time edible again with clear water, bacon is thinly sliced covering take, upper pot cooks, and the taste of fragrance can totally retain 1 year, and its seed and skin do patent medicine and can cure the disease.Chinese wistaria tree makes gainly steep cliff formula potted landscape, and be placed on high youngster's frame, bookcase top, full-blown flowers are completely set, and old stake crosswise, does not have charm, when feeling bad, see its scape, pleasure.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described:
The medicinal method for potted with viewing and admiring function of Chinese wistaria collection, the method comprises base manure preparation, the selection of basin device, cottage propagation, management method, and concrete operation step is as follows:
1, base manure preparation: chicken manure 80%, agricultural crop straw, play are not, residual branch loses leaf, leaf weeds etc. 20%, to ferment king 3 kilograms by organic material per ton, with 3 kilograms, brown sugar, then the 24 kilograms of sealings that add water spread cultivation 10 days after convert for subsequent use, organic material is laid in ground, be paved into wide about 1.5 meters, height about 15 centimetres, be about the organic material stack layers of 3 meters, get the zymophyte be watered in right amount again and evenly sprinkle in organic material that (water content is about 35%, namely hold agglomerating, light shake is namely loose to be as the criterion), continue the organic material at the former organic material upper berth second layer 15 cm thick, drench one time fermentation king dilution again, to be paved with ten layers for a pile, pile bonnet Polypropylence Sheet or pasted mud over, combining with fermentation situation in fermentation process, midway heap once, ferment more than 30 days, mix moistening after becoming fertilizer, fertile, well-drained soil, stir, soil, fertile in 5: 1,
2, basin device is selected: Chinese wistaria main root is dark, and side root is few, select large and dark earthen basin, and the degree of depth, preferably at 80 cm, is convenient to root growth good and absorb more nutrients, is inserted by base manure in basin;
3, cottage propagation: use healthy and strong hard branch annual 3-4 month, long 15-20 centimetre does cuttings, imbeds in basin soil, thick about 3 centimetres of blinding, can root or get raw spray one or two years soon, be cut into 10 to 15 centimetres of sections, straight cutting, oblique cutting;
4, management method
A, temperature: Chinese wistaria happiness illumination is sufficient, also resistance to half cloudy environment, and will there be sufficient strong illumination the season of growth, and potted plant Chinese wistaria is survived the winter most important, if when indoor wintering, temperature must not higher than 15 DEG C, otherwise, Chinese wistaria can not get dormancy, can consume a large amount of nutrients of storage, affect and bloom the coming year;
B, to water: water every day once, the florescence should every day 2 times, and should control autumn to water, attention can not allow root steep in water, otherwise can rotten;
C, pruning: Chinese wistaria is in extremely blooming by the end of May by the end of April, the pod that blossom fall knot is plump, reach 20 centimetres, a lot of nutrient can be consumed, next year is difficult to bloom, therefore it is early suitable to remove residual flower branch, even if the season of growth does not around climb around thing, also can often stretch out end of the branch to seek everywhere, find this situation, cut off climing for length, in order to avoid consume nutrient, impact is bloomed, winter Chinese wistaria fallen leaves after, in resting stage in conjunction with shaping, suitably wipe out overstocked branch and thin and delicate branch, form suffruticose, but multiple axillalry bud and the terminal bud of giving birth to short lateral branch or long shoot from last year of colored fringe will be noted;
D, to topdress: Chinese wistaria is good fertile, vegetative period should normal spraying fertilizer, and should execute phosphate fertilizer honeysuckle before blooming in the season of growth, fertilising will based on phosphate fertilizer, spend within first every about 20 days, impose cake fertilizer water, impose the phosphate fertilizer of 1 time 5% to 10% after spending: cleaned by the egg white in egg shell, dry under the sun, smash to pieces, put into stone roller alms bowl to be again crushed into powder, mix thoroughly in the ratio mixing of 1 part of egg shell powder, 3 parts of basin soil, put into around Chinese wistaria tree root, in watering proce, active ingredient will be separated out;
E, change basin: because basin moves inconvenience more greatly, generally within every 2 ~ 3 years, change a basin soil, increase part base manure, also want removable parts compost every year, change basin multiselect and carry out after fallen leaves dormancy, now, injure less to trees, be convenient to survive;
F, diseases and pests controlling: Chinese wistaria is strong because of growing power, seldom has disease, but occasionally have aphid or Chinese wistaria leaf worm, preferably manual catching and killing, simple, economical and practical pollution-free again.

Claims (1)

1. the medicinal method for potted with viewing and admiring function of Chinese wistaria collection, it is characterized in that: base manure preparation, the selection of basin device, cottage propagation, management method, concrete operation step is as follows:
(1) base manure preparation: chicken manure 80%, agricultural crop straw, play are not, residual branch loses leaf, leaf weeds etc. 20%, to ferment king 3 kilograms by organic material per ton, with 3 kilograms, brown sugar, then the 24 kilograms of sealings that add water spread cultivation 10 days after convert for subsequent use, organic material is laid in ground, be paved into wide about 1.5 meters, height about 15 centimetres, be about the organic material stack layers of 3 meters, get the zymophyte be watered in right amount again and evenly sprinkle in organic material that (water content is about 35%, namely hold agglomerating, light shake is namely loose to be as the criterion), continue the organic material at the former organic material upper berth second layer 15 cm thick, drench one time fermentation king dilution again, to be paved with ten layers for a pile, pile bonnet Polypropylence Sheet or pasted mud over, combining with fermentation situation in fermentation process, midway heap once, ferment more than 30 days, mix moistening after becoming fertilizer, fertile, well-drained soil, stir, soil, fertile in 5: 1,
(2) basin device is selected: Chinese wistaria main root is dark, and side root is few, select large and dark earthen basin, and the degree of depth, preferably at 80 cm, is convenient to root growth good and absorb more nutrients, is inserted by base manure in basin;
(3) cottage propagation: use healthy and strong hard branch annual 3-4 month, long 15-20 centimetre does cuttings, imbeds in basin soil, thick about 3 centimetres of blinding, can root or get raw spray one or two years soon, be cut into 10 to 15 centimetres of sections, straight cutting, oblique cutting;
(4) management method
A, temperature: Chinese wistaria happiness illumination is sufficient, also resistance to half cloudy environment, and will there be sufficient strong illumination the season of growth, and potted plant Chinese wistaria is survived the winter most important, if when indoor wintering, temperature must not higher than 15 DEG C, otherwise, Chinese wistaria can not get dormancy, can consume a large amount of nutrients of storage, affect and bloom the coming year;
B, to water: water every day once, the florescence should every day 2 times, and should control autumn to water, attention can not allow root steep in water, otherwise can rotten;
C, pruning: Chinese wistaria is in extremely blooming by the end of May by the end of April, the pod that blossom fall knot is plump, reach 20 centimetres, a lot of nutrient can be consumed, next year is difficult to bloom, therefore it is early suitable to remove residual flower branch, even if the season of growth does not around climb around thing, also can often stretch out end of the branch to seek everywhere, find this situation, cut off climing for length, in order to avoid consume nutrient, impact is bloomed, winter Chinese wistaria fallen leaves after, in resting stage in conjunction with shaping, suitably wipe out overstocked branch and thin and delicate branch, form suffruticose, but multiple axillalry bud and the terminal bud of giving birth to short lateral branch or long shoot from last year of colored fringe will be noted;
D, to topdress: Chinese wistaria is good fertile, vegetative period should normal spraying fertilizer, and should execute phosphate fertilizer honeysuckle before blooming in the season of growth, fertilising will based on phosphate fertilizer, spend within first every about 20 days, impose cake fertilizer water, impose the phosphate fertilizer of 1 time 5% to 10% after spending: cleaned by the egg white in egg shell, dry under the sun, smash to pieces, put into stone roller alms bowl to be again crushed into powder, mix thoroughly in the ratio mixing of 1 part of egg shell powder, 3 parts of basin soil, put into around Chinese wistaria tree root, in watering proce, active ingredient will be separated out;
E, change basin: because basin moves inconvenience more greatly, within every 2 ~ 3 years, change a basin soil, increase part base manure, also want removable parts compost every year, change basin multiselect and carry out after fallen leaves dormancy, now, injure less to trees, be convenient to survive;
F, diseases and pests controlling: Chinese wistaria is strong because of growing power, seldom has disease, but occasionally have aphid or Chinese wistaria leaf worm, preferably manual catching and killing, simple, economical and practical pollution-free again.
CN201310338083.0A 2013-07-28 2013-07-28 Potting method for integrating medicinal and ornamental functions of Chinese wistaria Pending CN104335796A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106105937A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 安徽鸿基农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of cultural method of Caulis wisteriae sinensis
CN106818191A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-06-13 广东省农业科学院环境园艺研究所 A kind of potted plant cuttage breeding method of pale reddish brown kaempferia galamga
CN111264200A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-06-12 四川七彩林科股份有限公司 Wisteria root cutting propagation method

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于淑玲: "盆栽紫藤养护", 《中国花卉园艺》 *
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106105937A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-11-16 安徽鸿基农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of cultural method of Caulis wisteriae sinensis
CN106818191A (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-06-13 广东省农业科学院环境园艺研究所 A kind of potted plant cuttage breeding method of pale reddish brown kaempferia galamga
CN111264200A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-06-12 四川七彩林科股份有限公司 Wisteria root cutting propagation method

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Application publication date: 20150211