CN103004566B - Planting method of Dendrobium officinale - Google Patents

Planting method of Dendrobium officinale Download PDF

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CN103004566B
CN103004566B CN201210538353.8A CN201210538353A CN103004566B CN 103004566 B CN103004566 B CN 103004566B CN 201210538353 A CN201210538353 A CN 201210538353A CN 103004566 B CN103004566 B CN 103004566B
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dendrobium officinale
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CN103004566A (en
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周芽法
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Meng Lian Great Fa Dendrobium Candidum Co Ltd
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Meng Lian Great Fa Dendrobium Candidum Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a planting method of Dendrobium officinale, and belongs to the technical field of plant cultivation. The invention provides a planting method of Dendrobium officinale which has high survival rate after transplanting tissue culture seedlings, rapid growth, high output, high medicinal value, little pesticide application and fewer pests, and the nutrition ingredients of the Dendrobium officinale are close to those of the wild Dendrobium officinale. The method comprises the following steps of: A, preparing a seed bed; B, preparing a flowerpot; C, field planting; D, watering; E, fertilizing; F, pest controlling and preventing; and G, controlling temperature and humidity. By the method, the survival rate of the Dendrobium officinale can be achieved to above 98%; and the incidence rate of insect pests can be obviously reduced. Through spraying by biogas slurry, the leaf stem of the Dendrobium is fleshy; the nutrition ingredient content is high; the incidence rate of insect pests can be reduced; the pesticide usage amount is reduced; the cost is reduced; and the food safety is improved. The Dendrobium officinale planted by taking the processed sheep manures and rapeseed meal as the top application has higher nutrition ingredient content and better medicinal effect; and the Dendrobium officinale can be harvested after 18 months.

Description

A kind of dendrobium candidum implantation methods
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of implantation methods, especially a kind of implantation methods of dendrobium candidum, belongs to field of plant growing technology.
Background technology
The stem of noble dendrobium is the orchid family Orchidaceae Dendrobium Dendrobium herbaceous plant that grows nonparasitically upon another plant for many years, is the conventional rare traditional Chinese medicine of China's tradition.In Shennong's Herbal and Compendium of Material Medica, classify top grade medicinal material as, in successive dynasties book on Chinese herbal medicine and the current Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China, all record.The stem of noble dendrobium is used as medicine with stem, contains the multiple alkaloids such as dendrobine, dendramine, the stem of noble dendrobium time alkali, shihunine; Slightly sweet flavor, cold nature; There are tonifying-Yin and nourishing-stomach, clearing heat and promoting fluid effect, mainly the diseases such as digestive system, respiratory system, cardiovascular and ophthalmology had to bright therapeutic action.Modern medicine proves, the stem of noble dendrobium can stimulate circulation, and strengthens cardiac function; Promote enterogastric peristalsis, strengthen digestive function; Can significantly improve the SOP(Sudismase in human body) level, reduce LPO(lipid peroxide), play significant anti-aging effects.
Dendrobium candidum, the herbaceous plant that grows nonparasitically upon another plant for the orchid family is perennial, is born in height above sea level and reaches on the rock that the mountain region half of 1600 meters is dark and damp, and the environment of happiness warm and moist weather and half cloudy half light is cold-resistant, is the superfine product of the stem of noble dendrobium, and because epidermis is, iron is green gains the name for it.Wild dendrobium candidum is distributed in the countries and regions such as East Asia, Southeast Asia and Australia mostly, main by seminal propagation, by anemophily or arthropod-borne, go out shoot survival percent extremely low, and become seedling formation commodity just can gather through the time of 5-7 from seed germination.Due to the particularity of wild Growth of Dendrobium candidum condition and the limitation of distribution; again through excavating for a long time; natural resources is on the verge of exhaustion; domestic market supply shortage; therefore, many scientific research personnel constantly explore group training and the artificial planting of dendrobium candidum in recent years, although obtained some achievements; but still in existence group training transplantation of seedlings process, survival rate is low, growth is slow, output is not high, short-term is gathered the problems such as stem of noble dendrobium nutrition deficiency, has seriously restricted stem of noble dendrobium industrialization, large-scale development.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide that survival rate is high after a kind of group of training transplantation of seedlings, growth is fast, output is high, nutrition approaches wild dendrobium candidum, medical value is high, agricultural chemicals use less, there is few dendrobium candidum implantation methods in damage by disease and insect.
A kind of dendrobium candidum implantation methods, comprises the following steps:
A, preparing nursery bed: build booth, the shading screen of ceiling covered with plastic film and degree of shading 70-80%, in canopy, be provided with seedbed, side, seedbed is by the specification trench digging of dark 20-30cm, wide 45-55cm, ditch centre-to-centre spacing is 120-150cm, the white lime shop fixtures of 0.5-1cm is first used in seedbed, then covers the mulch film of water penetration 70-80%, for subsequent use;
B, preparation flowerpot: put into the limestone rubble of 3-5cm No. 10 flowerpots bottoms, then put into the matrix of 12-15cm, water permeable, for subsequent use;
C, field planting: the healthy and strong candidum tissue culturing seedling of long 3-8cm is taken out gently from tissue culture bottle, after nutrient solution on clean candidum tissue culturing seedling root, normal temperature dries in the air and puts 18-24 hour, again root being put into the bactericide libation at an ancient wedding ceremony once sterilizes, by being uniformly distributed 3 clumps in each flowerpot, the specification of every clump of 5-6 strain is colonizated in flowerpot, when field planting, make root system naturally unfold, matrix is covered to root is advisable, carry gently seedling, shoot root system can fully be contacted with matrix, flowerpot after transplanting seedlings is placed on ready seedbed successively, waters sufficient normal root water;
D, water: adopt the mode that sprays, irrigation times is 3 days 1-3 months 1 time, 2 days 3-6 months 1 time, 6-9 month 5-6 days 1 time, 3 days 9-12 months 1 time;
E, fertilising: annual March, July are executed thick the topdressing of 1-2cm in basin, new seedling of transplanting sprays weekly foliage fertilizer one time, survives latter every 2 weeks and sprays foliage fertilizer one time, after spraying, waters every other day;
F, the extermination of disease and insect pest: monthly spray and carry out blade face control with bactericide;
G, Temperature and Humidity Control: guarantee that canopy temperature remains on 18-22 ℃ daytime, night 15-20 ℃, humidity is controlled at 60%-80%, within general 18 months, can gather.
The matrix of described B step is that pine bark concentration is that the potassium permanganate solution of 0.5-1 ‰ or the carbendazim aqueous solution that concentration is 50% or concentration are that the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution soaking of 1-2 ‰ is watered to water content 50-60%, temperature 60-70 ℃ and sealed heap products therefrom after 3-4 month for 2 hours.
The bactericide of described C step is that concentration is the carbendazim water of 2.5-3.5 ‰.
Topdressing as sheep excrement of described E step: the vegetable seeds dregs of rice: after the agent of sheep manure fermentation weighs by weight 800-1200:4-6:1, the vegetable seeds dregs of rice and the agent of sheep manure fermentation first evenly mix, evenly mix with sheep excrement afterwards, and water to water content 60-65%, pile the fermentation heap of high 1.5-2 rice, wide 2-3 rice, length 3-10 rice, control temperature gained ecological organic fertilier after 60-70 ℃ of spontaneous fermentation 3-6 month.
The foliage fertilizer of described E step is that natural pond liquid mixes and forms by the mass ratio of 1:3-5 with clear water.
The bactericide of described F step is that the carbendazim aqueous solution or the concentration of 800 times is the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution of 1-2 ‰, should use in turn.
beneficial effect
1, adopt this method to plant, dendrobium candidum survival rate can reach more than 98%, and damage by disease and insect incidence obviously reduces.
2, the present invention adopts methane liquid to execute spray, not only stem of noble dendrobium base of leaf plumpness, and various nutrition content is higher, and damage by disease and insect incidence obviously declines, and can effectively reduce agricultural chemicals usage amount, has not only reduced cost, and has improved dendrobium candidum edible safety.
3, adopt sheep excrement and the vegetable seeds dregs of rice after treatment to plant as topdressing the dendrobium candidum obtaining, various nutrition content is higher, and its medicinal effects is better.
4, adopt this method plantation dendrobium candidum, can realize and gathering for 18 months, and the various nutrition content of the stem of noble dendrobium is higher, its medicinal effects can reach wild Dendrodium effect.
Specific embodiment
embodiment 1
A kind of dendrobium candidum implantation methods, comprises the following steps:
A, preparing nursery bed: build booths wide 5 meters, high 2 meters on gentle slope, the shading screen of ceiling covered with plastic film and degree of shading 70%, in canopy, be provided with seedbed, side, seedbed is by the specification trench digging of dark 20-30cm, wide 45-55cm, ditch centre-to-centre spacing is 120-150cm, the white lime shop fixtures of 0.5cm is first used in seedbed, then covers the mulch film of water penetration 80%, for subsequent use;
B, preparation flowerpot: the limestone rubble of putting into 3cm bottom No. 10 flowerpots, put into again the matrix of 12cm, water permeablely, for subsequent use, matrix is that the pine bark concentration potassium permanganate solution that is 0.5 ‰ soaks within 2 hours, to water to water content 50%, temperature 60-70 ℃ and seals heap products therefrom after 3 months.;
C, field planting: the healthy and strong candidum tissue culturing seedling of long 3-8cm is taken out gently from tissue culture bottle, after nutrient solution on clean candidum tissue culturing seedling root, normal temperature dries in the air and puts 18-24 hour, again root being put into concentration is that 2.5 ‰ the carbendazim water libation at an ancient wedding ceremony is once sterilized, by being uniformly distributed 3 clumps in each flowerpot, the specification of every clump of 5-6 strain is colonizated in flowerpot, when field planting, make root system naturally unfold, matrix is covered to root is advisable, carry gently seedling, shoot root system can fully be contacted with matrix, flowerpot after transplanting seedlings is placed on ready seedbed successively, waters sufficient normal root water;
D, water: adopt the mode that sprays, irrigation times is 3 days 1-3 months 1 time, 2 days 3-6 months 1 time, 6-9 month 5-6 days 1 time, 3 days 9-12 months 1 time;
E, fertilising: annual March, execute thick the topdressing of 1cm July in basin, new seedling of transplanting sprays weekly foliage fertilizer one time, survive latter every 2 weeks and spray foliage fertilizer one time, after spraying, water every other day, topdress as sheep excrement: the vegetable seeds dregs of rice: after the agent of sheep manure fermentation weighs by weight 800:4:1, the vegetable seeds dregs of rice and the agent of sheep manure fermentation first evenly mix, evenly mix with sheep excrement afterwards, and water to water content 60%, pile high 1.5 meters, wide 2 meters, the fermentation heap that length is 3 meters, control temperature at 60-70 ℃ of spontaneous fermentation gained ecological organic fertilier after 3 months, foliage fertilizer is that natural pond liquid mixes and forms by the mass ratio of 1:3 with clear water,
F, the extermination of disease and insect pest: monthly spray in turn and carry out blade face control with the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution that the carbendazim aqueous solution of 800 times or concentration are 1 ‰;
G, Temperature and Humidity Control: guarantee that canopy temperature remains on 18-22 ℃ daytime, night 15-20 ℃, humidity is controlled at 60%-80%, within general 18 months, can gather.
embodiment 2
A kind of dendrobium candidum implantation methods, comprises the following steps:
A, preparing nursery bed: build booths wide 5 meters, high 2 meters on gentle slope, the shading screen of ceiling covered with plastic film and degree of shading 70%, in canopy, be provided with seedbed, side, seedbed is by the specification trench digging of dark 20-30cm, wide 45-55cm, ditch centre-to-centre spacing is 120-150cm, the white lime shop fixtures of 0.6cm is first used in seedbed, then covers the mulch film of water penetration 80%, for subsequent use;
B, preparation flowerpot: the limestone rubble of putting into 3cm bottom No. 10 flowerpots, put into again the matrix of 13cm, water permeablely, for subsequent use, matrix is that the pine bark concentration potassium permanganate solution that is 1 ‰ soaks within 2 hours, to water to water content 50%, temperature 60-70 ℃ and seals heap products therefrom after 3 months;
C, field planting: the healthy and strong candidum tissue culturing seedling of long 3-8cm is taken out gently from tissue culture bottle, after nutrient solution on clean candidum tissue culturing seedling root, normal temperature dries in the air and puts 18-24 hour, again root being put into concentration is that 2.5 ‰ the carbendazim water libation at an ancient wedding ceremony is once sterilized, by being uniformly distributed 3 clumps in each flowerpot, the specification of every clump of 5-6 strain is colonizated in flowerpot, when field planting, make root system naturally unfold, matrix is covered to root is advisable, carry gently seedling, shoot root system can fully be contacted with matrix, flowerpot after transplanting seedlings is placed on ready seedbed successively, waters sufficient normal root water;
D, water: adopt the mode that sprays, irrigation times is 3 days 1-3 months 1 time, 2 days 3-6 months 1 time, 6-9 month 5-6 days 1 time, 3 days 9-12 months 1 time;
E, fertilising: annual March, execute thick the topdressing of 1cm July in basin, new seedling of transplanting sprays weekly foliage fertilizer one time, survive latter every 2 weeks and spray foliage fertilizer one time, after spraying, water every other day, topdress as sheep excrement: the vegetable seeds dregs of rice: after the agent of sheep manure fermentation weighs by weight 900:4:1, the vegetable seeds dregs of rice and the agent of sheep manure fermentation first evenly mix, evenly mix with sheep excrement afterwards, and water to water content 60%, pile high 1.6 meters, wide 2.2 meters, the fermentation heap that length is 4 meters, control temperature at 60-70 ℃ of spontaneous fermentation gained ecological organic fertilier after 4 months, foliage fertilizer is that natural pond liquid mixes and forms by the mass ratio of 1:3 with clear water,
F, the extermination of disease and insect pest: monthly use in turn to spray with the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution that the carbendazim aqueous solution of 800 times or concentration are 1 ‰ and carry out blade face control;
G, Temperature and Humidity Control: guarantee that canopy temperature remains on 18-22 ℃ daytime, night 15-20 ℃, humidity is controlled at 60%-80%, within general 18 months, can gather.
embodiment 3
A kind of dendrobium candidum implantation methods, comprises the following steps:
A, preparing nursery bed: in land for growing field crops, build booths wide 5 meters, high 2 meters, the shading screen of ceiling covered with plastic film and degree of shading 75%, in canopy, be provided with seedbed, side, seedbed is by the specification trench digging of dark 20-30cm, wide 45-55cm, ditch centre-to-centre spacing is 120-150cm, the white lime shop fixtures of 0.8cm is first used in seedbed, then covers the mulch film of water penetration 75%, for subsequent use;
B, preparation flowerpot: the limestone rubble of putting into 4cm bottom No. 10 flowerpots, put into again the matrix of 13cm, water permeablely, for subsequent use, matrix is that carbendazim aqueous solution soaking that pine bark concentration is 50% is watered to water content 55%, temperature 60-70 ℃ and sealed heap products therefrom after 3 months for 2 hours;
C, field planting: the healthy and strong candidum tissue culturing seedling of long 3-8cm is taken out gently from tissue culture bottle, after nutrient solution on clean candidum tissue culturing seedling root, normal temperature dries in the air and puts 18-24 hour, again root being put into concentration is that 3 ‰ the carbendazim water germicide libation at an ancient wedding ceremony is once sterilized, by being uniformly distributed 3 clumps in each flowerpot, the specification of every clump of 5-6 strain is colonizated in flowerpot, when field planting, make root system naturally unfold, matrix is covered to root is advisable, carry gently seedling, shoot root system can fully be contacted with matrix, flowerpot after transplanting seedlings is placed on ready seedbed successively, waters sufficient normal root water;
D, water: adopt the mode that sprays, irrigation times is 3 days 1-3 months 1 time, 2 days 3-6 months 1 time, 6-9 month 5-6 days 1 time, 3 days 9-12 months 1 time;
E, fertilising: annual March, execute thick the topdressing of 1.5cm July in basin, new seedling of transplanting sprays weekly foliage fertilizer one time, survive latter every 2 weeks and spray foliage fertilizer one time, after spraying, water every other day, topdress as sheep excrement: the vegetable seeds dregs of rice: after the agent of sheep manure fermentation weighs by weight 1000:5:1, the vegetable seeds dregs of rice and the agent of sheep manure fermentation first evenly mix, evenly mix with sheep excrement afterwards, and water to water content 60%, pile high 1.8 meters, wide 2.5 meters, the fermentation heap that length is 6 meters, control temperature at 60-70 ℃ of spontaneous fermentation gained ecological organic fertilier after 5 months, foliage fertilizer is that natural pond liquid mixes and forms by the mass ratio of 1:4 with clear water,
F, the extermination of disease and insect pest: monthly spray in turn and carry out blade face control with the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution that the carbendazim aqueous solution of 800 times or concentration are 1.5 ‰;
G, Temperature and Humidity Control: guarantee that canopy temperature remains on 18-22 ℃ daytime, night 15-20 ℃, humidity is controlled at 60%-80%, within general 18 months, can gather.
embodiment 4
A kind of dendrobium candidum implantation methods, comprises the following steps:
A, preparing nursery bed: in land for growing field crops, build booths wide 5 meters, high 2 meters, the shading screen of ceiling covered with plastic film and degree of shading 80%, in canopy, be provided with seedbed, side, seedbed is by the specification trench digging of dark 20-30cm, wide 45-55cm, ditch centre-to-centre spacing is 120-150cm, the white lime shop fixtures of 0.9cm is first used in seedbed, then covers the mulch film of water penetration 70%, for subsequent use;
B, preparation flowerpot: the limestone rubble of putting into 5cm bottom No. 10 flowerpots, put into again the matrix of 14cm, water permeablely, for subsequent use, matrix is that thiophanate methyl aqueous solution soaking that pine bark concentration is 1 ‰ is watered to water content 60%, temperature 60-70 ℃ and sealed heap products therefrom after 4 months for 2 hours;
C, field planting: the healthy and strong candidum tissue culturing seedling of long 3-8cm is taken out gently from tissue culture bottle, after nutrient solution on clean candidum tissue culturing seedling root, normal temperature dries in the air and puts 18-24 hour, again root being put into concentration is that 3.5 ‰ the carbendazim water libation at an ancient wedding ceremony is once sterilized, by being uniformly distributed 3 clumps in each flowerpot, the specification of every clump of 5-6 strain is colonizated in flowerpot, when field planting, make root system naturally unfold, matrix is covered to root is advisable, carry gently seedling, shoot root system can fully be contacted with matrix, flowerpot after transplanting seedlings is placed on ready seedbed successively, waters sufficient normal root water;
D, water: adopt the mode that sprays, irrigation times is 3 days 1-3 months 1 time, 2 days 3-6 months 1 time, 6-9 month 5-6 days 1 time, 3 days 9-12 months 1 time;
E, fertilising: annual March, execute thick the topdressing of 2cm July in basin, new seedling of transplanting sprays weekly foliage fertilizer one time, survive latter every 2 weeks and spray foliage fertilizer one time, after spraying, water every other day, topdress as sheep excrement: the vegetable seeds dregs of rice: after the agent of sheep manure fermentation weighs by weight 1100:6:1, the vegetable seeds dregs of rice and the agent of sheep manure fermentation first evenly mix, evenly mix with sheep excrement afterwards, and water to water content 65%, pile high 1.9 meters, wide 3 meters, the fermentation heap that length is 10 meters, control temperature at 60-70 ℃ of spontaneous fermentation gained ecological organic fertilier after 6 months, foliage fertilizer is that natural pond liquid mixes and forms by the mass ratio of 1:5 with clear water,
F, the extermination of disease and insect pest: monthly spray in turn and carry out blade face control with the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution that the carbendazim aqueous solution of 800 times or concentration are 2 ‰;
G, Temperature and Humidity Control: guarantee that canopy temperature remains on 18-22 ℃ daytime, night 15-20 ℃, humidity is controlled at 60%-80%, within general 18 months, can gather.
embodiment 5
A kind of dendrobium candidum implantation methods, comprises the following steps:
A, preparing nursery bed: in land for growing field crops, build booths wide 5 meters, high 2 meters, the shading screen of ceiling covered with plastic film and degree of shading 80%, in canopy, be provided with seedbed, side, seedbed is by the specification trench digging of dark 20-30cm, wide 45-55cm, ditch centre-to-centre spacing is 120-150cm, the white lime shop fixtures of 1cm is first used in seedbed, then covers the mulch film of water penetration 70%, for subsequent use;
B, preparation flowerpot: the limestone rubble of putting into 5cm bottom No. 10 flowerpots, put into again the matrix of 15cm, water permeablely, for subsequent use, matrix is that thiophanate methyl aqueous solution soaking that pine bark concentration is 2 ‰ is watered to water content 60%, temperature 60-70 ℃ and sealed heap products therefrom after 4 months for 2 hours;
C, field planting: the healthy and strong candidum tissue culturing seedling of long 3-8cm is taken out gently from tissue culture bottle, after nutrient solution on clean candidum tissue culturing seedling root, normal temperature dries in the air and puts 18-24 hour, again root being put into concentration is that 3.5 ‰ the carbendazim water libation at an ancient wedding ceremony is once sterilized, by being uniformly distributed 3 clumps in each flowerpot, the specification of every clump of 5-6 strain is colonizated in flowerpot, when field planting, make root system naturally unfold, matrix is covered to root is advisable, carry gently seedling, shoot root system can fully be contacted with matrix, flowerpot after transplanting seedlings is placed on ready seedbed successively, waters sufficient normal root water;
D, water: adopt the mode that sprays, irrigation times is 3 days 1-3 months 1 time, 2 days 3-6 months 1 time, 6-9 month 5-6 days 1 time, 3 days 9-12 months 1 time;
E, fertilising: annual March, execute thick the topdressing of 2cm July in basin, new seedling of transplanting sprays weekly foliage fertilizer one time, survive latter every 2 weeks and spray foliage fertilizer one time, after spraying, water every other day, topdress as sheep excrement: the vegetable seeds dregs of rice: after the agent of sheep manure fermentation weighs by weight 1200:6:1, the vegetable seeds dregs of rice and the agent of sheep manure fermentation first evenly mix, evenly mix with sheep excrement afterwards, and water to water content 65%, pile high 2 meters, wide 3 meters, the fermentation heap that length is 10 meters, control temperature at 60-70 ℃ of spontaneous fermentation gained ecological organic fertilier after 6 months, foliage fertilizer is that natural pond liquid mixes and forms by the mass ratio of 1:5 with clear water,
F, the extermination of disease and insect pest: monthly spray in turn and carry out blade face control with the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution that the carbendazim aqueous solution of 800 times or concentration are 2 ‰;
G, Temperature and Humidity Control: guarantee that canopy temperature remains on 18-22 ℃ daytime, night 15-20 ℃, humidity is controlled at 60%-80%, within general 18 months, can gather.

Claims (4)

1. a dendrobium candidum implantation methods, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
A, preparing nursery bed: build booth, the shading screen of ceiling covered with plastic film and degree of shading 70-80%, in canopy, be provided with seedbed, side, seedbed is by the specification trench digging of dark 20-30cm, wide 45-55cm, ditch centre-to-centre spacing is 120-150cm, the white lime shop fixtures of 0.5-1cm is first used in seedbed, then covers the mulch film of water penetration 70-80%, for subsequent use;
B, preparation flowerpot: the limestone rubble of putting into 3-5cm bottom No. 10 flowerpots, put into again the matrix of 12-15cm, water permeable, for subsequent use, described matrix is that pine bark concentration is that the potassium permanganate solution of 0.5-1 ‰ or the carbendazim aqueous solution that concentration is 50% or concentration are that the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution soaking of 1-2 ‰ is watered to water content 50-60%, temperature 60-70 ℃ and sealed heap products therefrom after 3-4 month for 2 hours;
C, field planting: the healthy and strong candidum tissue culturing seedling of long 3-8cm is taken out gently from tissue culture bottle, after nutrient solution on clean candidum tissue culturing seedling root, normal temperature dries in the air and puts 18-24 hour, again root being put into the bactericide libation at an ancient wedding ceremony once sterilizes, by being uniformly distributed 3 clumps in each flowerpot, the specification of every clump of 5-6 strain is colonizated in flowerpot, when field planting, make root system naturally unfold, matrix is covered to root is advisable, carry gently seedling, shoot root system can fully be contacted with matrix, flowerpot after transplanting seedlings is placed on ready seedbed successively, waters sufficient normal root water;
D, water: adopt the mode that sprays, irrigation times is 3 days 1-3 months 1 time, 2 days 3-6 months 1 time, 6-9 month 5-6 days 1 time, 3 days 9-12 months 1 time;
E, fertilising: annual March, July are executed thick the topdressing of 1-2cm in basin, new seedling of transplanting sprays weekly foliage fertilizer one time, survives latter every 2 weeks and sprays foliage fertilizer one time, after spraying, waters every other day;
F, the extermination of disease and insect pest: monthly spray and carry out blade face control with the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution that the carbendazim aqueous solution of 800 times or concentration are 1-2 ‰, should use in turn;
G, Temperature and Humidity Control: guarantee that canopy temperature remains on 18-22 ℃ daytime, night 15-20 ℃, humidity is controlled at 60%-80%, within general 18 months, can gather.
2. a kind of dendrobium candidum implantation methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the bactericide of described C step is that concentration is the carbendazim water of 2.5-3.5 ‰.
3. a kind of dendrobium candidum implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the topdressing as sheep excrement of described E step: the vegetable seeds dregs of rice: after the agent of sheep manure fermentation weighs by weight 800-1200:4-6:1, the vegetable seeds dregs of rice and the agent of sheep manure fermentation first evenly mix, evenly mix with sheep excrement afterwards, and water to water content 60-65%, pile the fermentation heap of high 1.5-2 rice, wide 2-3 rice, length 3-10 rice, control temperature gained ecological organic fertilier after 60-70 ℃ of spontaneous fermentation 3-6 month.
4. a kind of dendrobium candidum implantation methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the foliage fertilizer of described E step is that natural pond liquid mixes and forms by the mass ratio of 1:3-5 with clear water.
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