CN105340554A - Planting method of Chinese wolfberries - Google Patents

Planting method of Chinese wolfberries Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105340554A
CN105340554A CN201510870159.3A CN201510870159A CN105340554A CN 105340554 A CN105340554 A CN 105340554A CN 201510870159 A CN201510870159 A CN 201510870159A CN 105340554 A CN105340554 A CN 105340554A
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China
Prior art keywords
matrimony vine
planting
liquid
implantation methods
soil
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陈思宇
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Guangxi Jialianda Ecological Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Guangxi Jialianda Ecological Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510870159.3A priority Critical patent/CN105340554A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/08Immunising seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of agriculture, in particular to a planting method of Chinese wolfberries. The planting method comprises the steps of field selection, soil preparation and enriching, seed treatment, sowing, seedling thinning, filed management and the like. The planting method of the Chinese wolfberries has the advantage that the requirement for a filed is not high, planting can be conducted on a drought field or a sandy field or a field with saline-alkali soil, Chinese wolfberry trees grow fast, the occurrence rate of plant diseases and insect pests is obviously decreased, the pesticide dosage is decreased, the cost is reduced, the edible safety of the Chinese wolfberries is improved, the fastest time from sowing to outputting is two years, and a high yield period can be reached in the fourth year; the planted Chinese wolfberries are large in fruit, red in color, thick in pulp and soft in texture. The planting method has the advantages of being early in fruiting, high in yield, excellent in quality, short in period and quick in effect. The planting method is simple in process, easy to master, apply and promote and suitable for family small-scale planting and can also be suitable for large-scale planting.

Description

The implantation methods of a kind of matrimony vine
[technical field]
The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field, be specifically related to the implantation methods of a kind of matrimony vine.
[background technology]
Matrimony vine belongs to perennial machaka, and artificial cultivation is pruned in dungarunga shape through kidnapping, is a kind of plant with diversified economy proterties, shows degeneration-resistant proterties and be better than other plant.Fruit is famous and precious traditional Chinese medicine, containing polysaccharide, multivitamin and amino acid and glycoside in fruit, primary efficacy nourishing liver and kidney, nourishing the liver, improving eyesight, invigorate blood circulation, the effect such as benefit essence.
The main cause of the plant continuous cropping underproduction is caused to relate to many factors such as soil physics structure, soil nutrient and damage by disease and insect, matrimony vine is continuous cropping sensitive crop, continuous cropping can cause that matrimony vine growing way is weak, resistance is low, easy early ageing, stem tuber do not expand, yield and quality declines, serious even total crop failure.Plantation matrimony vine generally relies on natural fertile, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, the plantation of the soil of weather matters, and also may will increase on-farm facilities construction and chemical fertilizer input, but traditional medlar cultivation technology does not bring up high yield, does not produce good effect, economic benefit is not good.
[summary of the invention]
The object of this invention is to provide the implantation methods of a kind of matrimony vine, can select to plant in arid, sandy wasteland, saline land, planting range is extensive, the growth of matrimony vine tree is fast, damage by disease and insect incidence obviously declines, decrease pesticide dosage, not only reduce cost, and improve the edible safety of matrimony vine.
The present invention seeks to be achieved through the following technical solutions: the implantation methods of a kind of matrimony vine, comprises the following steps:
1) selection of land: select arid, sandy wasteland, saline land plantation; Also can select natural fertile, the soil of irrigation and drainage convenience, weather matters is planted;
2) whole ground loam: to the plot selected, 2 ~ 3 months start wholely before planting, execute farmyard manure 600 ~ 800 jin for every mu, composite fertilizer 100 jin makes base fertilizer, plough under in soil, Dou degree of being turned on ground is 45 °, the degree of depth is 12 centimetres, and to disinfecting soil, for being 400 ~ 600 times of liquid potassium permanganate or the spirit of mattress more than 50% wetting powder to the medicament of disinfecting soil, or 65% Zineb wettable powder, 500 ~ 600 times of liquid add 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate or 40% omethoate emulsifiable solution, 1000 times of liquid, or concentration is the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution of 0.5 ~ 1%;
3) seed treatment: after ripe Chinese wolfberry fruit drying process, smash fruit to pieces again, select seed, soak 4 ~ 5 minutes with 1:100 times of bordeaux mixture before sowing or soak 30 ~ 60 seconds with the ABT root-growing agent solution of 20 ~ 50ppm, sterilization can be carried out like this to the surface of the seed, can promote that again seed is sprouted in advance, improve germination rate;
4) sow: all can sow to the first tenday period of a month in May and early winter at late March, sow with line-spacing 35 ~ 40cm, after having sowed on seed earthing, the thickness of earthing is 2 ~ 3cm, after earthing completes, and compacting soil gently, and on soil, cover one deck straw, then it is moistening to spray clear water;
5) thinning: after matrimony vine seedling is longer, during height of seedling 6 ~ 10cm, in good time thinning, simultaneously to the bud picking of reed head, 1-2 healthy and strong bud is stayed in every strain, and all the other cauline leafs are all extractd;
6) field management: comprise the extermination of disease and insect pest, topdress, water, weeding, Pruning Away Branches seedling work.
Preferably, the extermination of disease and insect pest is: one, late March self-control 5 degree of lime sulfurs or close before carrying out bud with the clear 500 times of liquid spraying in 29% orchard, can kill the adult of the insect that survives the winter, larva, ovum and doublely control the germs such as root rot; Two, mid-May with 25% Imidacloprid 1500 times or the extremely clean 2000 times of sprayings of 20% mite anti-to eliminate aphis, wood louse, thrips and goitre mite, rust mite; Three, mid-June is with pyridaben 1000 times spraying, can prevent eliminating aphis, wood louse, other insect and the goitre rust mite such as thrips; Four, mid-July with 0.3% kushenin, 800 times of liquid anti-to eliminate aphis, the insect such as thrips; Five, mid-August is with sulphur deflocculant 1500 times of liquid sprayings, prevents and treats goitre mite, rust, can prevent and treat when there is black fruit or fusarium wilt with 400 times of kasugarnycin.Need to intersect medication in the extermination of disease and insect pest, most disease and pest is double controls other secondary disease worm, safety interval 5 ~ 7 days in control, and same medicine uses once at most for 1 year.
Preferably, when the time of topdressing is the height of seedling 12 ~ 15cm when matrimony vine, carries out first time and topdress, as the height of seedling 20 ~ 25cm of matrimony vine, carry out second time and topdress.Concrete mode is: digging the dark dressing furrow of 1 6cm from plant 25cm place, executes 400 ~ 600 jin of farmyard manures, 60 jin of composite fertilizers for every mu; Monthly to mix by 1:8 ~ 10 times liquid with natural pond liquid and water and carry out foliage-spray once.Natural pond liquid is selected and is carried out spraying effect the best by soft methane tank fermenting and producing.
Preferably, farmyard manure used in planting process is obtained by the abundant mixed culture fermentation of following raw materials by weight: 20 ~ 30% chicken manures, 30 ~ 40% pig manures, 10 ~ 20% ash, 10 ~ 20% sheep excrement, 5 ~ 10% rice straws, 1 ~ 2%EM bacterium stoste.After each raw material blending, seal heap fermentation 3 ~ 6 months, then dry pack, for subsequent use.
Preferably, watering described in field management, weeding are: suitably increase irrigation times when dry or summer, keep humidity 65-75%, high temperature then takes sunshade, within every 3 months, once weeds with a hoe.
Preferably, being trimmed to described in field management: a strain matrimony vine is broadly divided into 3 ~ 5 layers, every interlamellar spacing 25 centimetres, tree body semicircular in shape, the height of tree 1.6 ~ 1.8 meters, 1.5 ~ 1.7 meters, tree crown.
The sick worm kind of matrimony vine has 35 kinds more than, but multiple mainly contains aphid, wood louse, thrips, goitre mite, rust mite etc. 5 kinds; Disease has 5 kinds, the black fruit that mostly occurred, root rot, powdery mildew 3 kinds, and therefore based on Unifying control, intersect medication, most disease and pest is double controls other secondary disease worm, safety interval 5 ~ 7 days in control, and same medicine uses once at most for 1 year.
Thiophanate methyl is water-soluble hardly, dissolves in the organic solvents such as acetone, methyl alcohol, ethanol, chloroform, stablizes acid, alkali.Thiophanate methyl belongs to benzimidazole, it is a kind of broad spectrum activity systemic fungicide, there is preventive and therapeutic action, various crop disease can be prevented and treated, comprise stinking smut, head blight, rice blast, banded sclerotial blight, sclerotinia rot of colza, sweet potato black rot, cucurbits powdery mildew, anthracnose, gray mold, Kidney bean gray mold, powdery mildew of pea, brown spot and multiple cotton and floral crops diseases etc.It is converted into carbendazim in plant corpus, and in the mitosis of interference bacterium, the formation of spindle, affects cell division.
Natural pond liquid, mostly is the animal wastes such as cow dung, rabbit excrement, chicken manure and other foreign material mixed culture fermentation forms, tasteless after fermentation, and the fertilizer efficiency after fermentation, be more than 10 times of general chemistry synthetic fertilizer.Water quality characteristic is very easily absorbed by plants, and can not as chemical fertilizer, and natural pond liquid usage amount too much also can not burn seedling, as the first-selected fertilizer of green ecological plantation, natural pond liquid has: effect of expelling parasite, desinsection, and the lethality rate of larva and worm's ovum is more than 90%, belongs to green biological insecticidal agent.
Natural pond liquid contains the nutrient of various plants growth, abundant amino acid and various somatotropin, vitamin etc.Natural pond liquid is a kind of quick-acting of widely knowing of people and the long-lasting bio-organic fertilizer had both.Can not only fertilizer for replacing chemical completely, or produce the best fertilizer of organic food.Containing abundant nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, each amino acid, vitamin, protein, gibberellin, growth hormone, carbohydrate, nucleic acid and antibiotic etc. in the liquid of natural pond, and butyric acid, heteroauxin, cobalamin isoreactivity resisting substance.Therefore the double action promoting plant growth and control disease generation is had.
Soft methane tank, adopt biotechnology means, find out the natural pond liquid biofermentation technique of a set of original creation, what produce is pure microorganism fungus kind, and environment friendly and pollution-free, operating cost is low, and floor space is little, less energy consumption.Before fermentation vat, fowl and animal excrement through 1 or 2 precipitation, and under microorganism fungus kind effect, carries out predecomposition, forms fermenation raw liquid, and ferment generation biogas further in fermenation raw liquid inflow soft marsh gas fermentation pond.Such animal wastes and other foreign material can not enter fermentation vat, very limpid clean, the free from admixture of natural pond liquid of production.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
1, matrimony vine implantation methods of the present invention is less demanding to soil, arid, sandy wasteland, saline land all can be planted, matrimony vine growth is fast, damage by disease and insect incidence obviously declines, decrease pesticide dosage, not only reduce cost, and improve the edible safety of matrimony vine, and be 2 years from the time being seeded into output, within 4th year, namely arrive high yield period, plantation Chinese wolfberry fruit grain is out large, look red, meat is thick, quality is soft, and early output is high, product are of fine quality, the cycle is short and the advantage of instant effect to have result.
2, implantation methods process of the present invention is simple, easily grasps and applies, and has both been applicable to family's plantation on a small scale, has also been applicable to implant mass.
[embodiment]
The following examples can help the present invention of those skilled in the art's comprehend, but cannot limit the present invention by any way.
Embodiment 1
An implantation methods for matrimony vine, comprises the following steps:
1) selection of land: select arid, sandy wasteland, saline land plantation; Also can select natural fertile, the soil of irrigation and drainage convenience, weather matters is planted;
2) whole ground loam: to the plot selected, 2 months start wholely before planting, execute farmyard manure 600 jin for every mu, composite fertilizer 100 jin makes base fertilizer, plough under in soil, Dou degree of being turned on ground is 45 °, and the degree of depth is 12 centimetres, and with 400 ~ 600 times of liquid potassium permanganate or mattress more than 50% spirit wetting powder to disinfecting soil; Farmyard manure is obtained by the abundant mixed culture fermentation of following raw materials by weight: 20% chicken manure, 30% pig manure, 20% ash, 19% sheep excrement, 10% rice straw, 1%EM bacterium stoste; After each raw material blending, seal heap fermentation 3 months, then dry pack, for subsequent use;
3) seed treatment: after ripe Chinese wolfberry fruit drying process, then smash fruit to pieces, select seed, soak 4 ~ 5 minutes with 1:100 times of bordeaux mixture before sowing;
4) sow: all can sow to the first tenday period of a month in May and early winter at late March, sow with line-spacing 35 ~ 40cm, after having sowed on seed earthing, the thickness of earthing is 2 ~ 3cm, after earthing completes, and compacting soil gently, and on soil, cover one deck straw, then it is moistening to spray clear water;
5) thinning: after matrimony vine seedling is longer, during height of seedling 6 ~ 10cm, in good time thinning, simultaneously to the bud picking of reed head, 1-2 healthy and strong bud is stayed in every strain, and all the other cauline leafs are all extractd;
6) field management: comprise the extermination of disease and insect pest, topdress, water, weeding, Pruning Away Branches seedling work.
The extermination of disease and insect pest: the sick worm kind of matrimony vine has 35 kinds more than, but multiple mainly contain aphid, wood louse, thrips, goitre mite, rust mite etc. 5 kinds; Disease has 5 kinds, the black fruit that mostly occurred, root rot, powdery mildew 3 kinds, and therefore based on Unifying control, intersect medication, most disease and pest is double controls other secondary disease worm, safety interval 5 ~ 7 days in control, and same medicine uses once at most for 1 year.
Concrete prevention and controls is: one, late March self-control 5 degree of lime sulfurs or close before carrying out bud with the clear 500 times of liquid spraying in 29% orchard, can kill the adult of the insect that survives the winter, larva, ovum and doublely control the germs such as root rot; Two, mid-May with 25% Imidacloprid 1500 times or the extremely clean 2000 times of sprayings of 20% mite anti-to eliminate aphis, wood louse, thrips and goitre mite, rust mite; Three, mid-June is with pyridaben 1000 times spraying, can prevent eliminating aphis, wood louse, other insect and the goitre rust mite such as thrips; Four, mid-July with 0.3% kushenin, 800 times of liquid anti-to eliminate aphis, the insect such as thrips; Five, mid-August is with sulphur deflocculant 1500 times of liquid sprayings, prevents and treats goitre mite, rust, can prevent and treat when there is black fruit or fusarium wilt with 400 times of kasugarnycin.
The time of topdressing, when being the height of seedling 12 ~ 15cm when matrimony vine, carrying out first time and topdresses, and as the height of seedling 20 ~ 25cm of matrimony vine, carries out second time and topdresses.Concrete mode is: digging the dark dressing furrow of 1 6cm from plant 25cm place, executes 600 jin of farmyard manures, 60 jin of composite fertilizers, preparation method and the step 2 of farmyard manure for every mu) in the same; Monthly to mix by 1:8 times of liquid with natural pond liquid and water and carry out foliage-spray once.Natural pond liquid is selected and is carried out spraying effect the best by soft methane tank fermenting and producing.
Suitably increase irrigation times when dry or summer, keep humidity 65-75%, high temperature then takes sunshade, within every 3 months, once weeds with a hoe.
One strain matrimony vine is broadly divided into 3 ~ 5 layers, every interlamellar spacing 25 centimetres, tree body semicircular in shape, the height of tree 1.6 ~ 1.8 meters, 1.5 ~ 1.7 meters, tree crown.
Embodiment 2
An implantation methods for matrimony vine, comprises the following steps:
1) selection of land: select arid, sandy wasteland, saline land plantation;
2) whole ground loam: to the plot selected, 3 months start wholely before planting, execute farmyard manure 700 jin for every mu, composite fertilizer 100 jin makes base fertilizer, plough under in soil, Dou degree of being turned on ground is 45 °, and the degree of depth is 12 centimetres, and adds 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate or 40% omethoate emulsifiable solution, 1000 times of liquid to disinfecting soil with 65% Zineb wettable powder, 500 ~ 600 times of liquid; Farmyard manure is obtained by the abundant mixed culture fermentation of following raw materials by weight: 30% chicken manure, 33% pig manure, 10% ash, 20% sheep excrement, 5% rice straw, 2%EM bacterium stoste.After each raw material blending, seal heap fermentation 5 months, then dry pack, for subsequent use;
3) seed treatment: after ripe Chinese wolfberry fruit drying process, then smash fruit to pieces, select seed, the ABT root-growing agent solution sowing front 20ppm soaks 60 seconds;
4) sow: all can sow to the first tenday period of a month in May and early winter at late March, sow with line-spacing 35 ~ 40cm, after having sowed on seed earthing, the thickness of earthing is 2 ~ 3cm, after earthing completes, and compacting soil gently, and on soil, cover one deck straw, then it is moistening to spray clear water;
5) thinning: after matrimony vine seedling is longer, during height of seedling 6 ~ 10cm, in good time thinning, simultaneously to the bud picking of reed head, 1-2 healthy and strong bud is stayed in every strain, and all the other cauline leafs are all extractd;
6) field management: comprise the extermination of disease and insect pest, topdress, water, weeding, Pruning Away Branches seedling work.
The extermination of disease and insect pest: the sick worm kind of matrimony vine has 35 kinds more than, but multiple mainly contain aphid, wood louse, thrips, goitre mite, rust mite etc. 5 kinds; Disease has 5 kinds, the black fruit that mostly occurred, root rot, powdery mildew 3 kinds, and therefore based on Unifying control, intersect medication, most disease and pest is double controls other secondary disease worm, safety interval 5 ~ 7 days in control, and same medicine uses once at most for 1 year.
Concrete prevention and controls is: one, late March self-control 5 degree of lime sulfurs or close before carrying out bud with the clear 500 times of liquid spraying in 29% orchard, can kill the adult of the insect that survives the winter, larva, ovum and doublely control the germs such as root rot; Two, mid-May with 25% Imidacloprid 1500 times or the extremely clean 2000 times of sprayings of 20% mite anti-to eliminate aphis, wood louse, thrips and goitre mite, rust mite; Three, mid-June is with pyridaben 1000 times spraying, can prevent eliminating aphis, wood louse, other insect and the goitre rust mite such as thrips; Four, mid-July with 0.3% kushenin, 800 times of liquid anti-to eliminate aphis, the insect such as thrips; Five, mid-August is with sulphur deflocculant 1500 times of liquid sprayings, prevents and treats goitre mite, rust, can prevent and treat when there is black fruit or fusarium wilt with 400 times of kasugarnycin.
The time of topdressing, when being the height of seedling 12 ~ 15cm when matrimony vine, carrying out first time and topdresses, and as the height of seedling 20 ~ 25cm of matrimony vine, carries out second time and topdresses.Concrete mode is: digging the dark dressing furrow of 1 6cm from plant 25cm place, executes 500 jin of farmyard manures, 60 jin of composite fertilizers, preparation method and the step 2 of farmyard manure for every mu) in the same; Monthly to mix by 1:10 times of liquid with natural pond liquid and water and carry out foliage-spray once.Natural pond liquid is selected and is carried out spraying effect the best by soft methane tank fermenting and producing.
Suitably increase irrigation times when dry or summer, keep humidity 65-75%, high temperature then takes sunshade, within every 3 months, once weeds with a hoe.
One strain matrimony vine is broadly divided into 3 ~ 5 layers, every interlamellar spacing 25 centimetres, tree body semicircular in shape, the height of tree 1.6 ~ 1.8 meters, 1.5 ~ 1.7 meters, tree crown.
Embodiment 3
An implantation methods for matrimony vine, comprises the following steps:
1) selection of land: select arid, sandy wasteland, saline land plantation; Also can select natural fertile, the soil of irrigation and drainage convenience, weather matters is planted;
2) whole ground loam: to the plot selected, 2 months start wholely before planting, execute farmyard manure 800 jin for every mu, composite fertilizer 100 jin makes base fertilizer, plough under in soil, Dou degree of being turned on ground is 45 °, and the degree of depth is 12 centimetres, and is that the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution of 0.5 ~ 1% is to disinfecting soil by concentration; Farmyard manure is obtained by the abundant mixed culture fermentation of following raw materials by weight: 25.5% chicken manure, 40% pig manure, 15% ash, 10% sheep excrement, 8% rice straw, 1.5%EM bacterium stoste.After each raw material blending, seal heap fermentation 6 months, then dry pack, for subsequent use;
3) seed treatment: after ripe Chinese wolfberry fruit drying process, then smash fruit to pieces, select seed, the ABT root-growing agent solution sowing front 50ppm soaks 30 seconds;
4) sow: all can sow to the first tenday period of a month in May and early winter at late March, sow with line-spacing 35 ~ 40cm, after having sowed on seed earthing, the thickness of earthing is 2 ~ 3cm, after earthing completes, and compacting soil gently, and on soil, cover one deck straw, then it is moistening to spray clear water;
5) thinning: after matrimony vine seedling is longer, during height of seedling 6 ~ 10cm, in good time thinning, simultaneously to the bud picking of reed head, 1-2 healthy and strong bud is stayed in every strain, and all the other cauline leafs are all extractd;
6) field management: comprise the extermination of disease and insect pest, topdress, water, weeding, Pruning Away Branches seedling work.
The extermination of disease and insect pest: the sick worm kind of matrimony vine has 35 kinds more than, but multiple mainly contain aphid, wood louse, thrips, goitre mite, rust mite etc. 5 kinds; Disease has 5 kinds, the black fruit that mostly occurred, root rot, powdery mildew 3 kinds, and therefore based on Unifying control, intersect medication, most disease and pest is double controls other secondary disease worm, safety interval 5 ~ 7 days in control, and same medicine uses once at most for 1 year.
Concrete prevention and controls is: one, late March self-control 5 degree of lime sulfurs or close before carrying out bud with the clear 500 times of liquid spraying in 29% orchard, can kill the adult of the insect that survives the winter, larva, ovum and doublely control the germs such as root rot; Two, mid-May with 25% Imidacloprid 1500 times or the extremely clean 2000 times of sprayings of 20% mite anti-to eliminate aphis, wood louse, thrips and goitre mite, rust mite; Three, mid-June is with pyridaben 1000 times spraying, can prevent eliminating aphis, wood louse, other insect and the goitre rust mite such as thrips; Four, mid-July with 0.3% kushenin, 800 times of liquid anti-to eliminate aphis, the insect such as thrips; Five, mid-August is with sulphur deflocculant 1500 times of liquid sprayings, prevents and treats goitre mite, rust, can prevent and treat when there is black fruit or fusarium wilt with 400 times of kasugarnycin.
The time of topdressing, when being the height of seedling 12 ~ 15cm when matrimony vine, carrying out first time and topdresses, and as the height of seedling 20 ~ 25cm of matrimony vine, carries out second time and topdresses.Concrete mode is: digging the dark dressing furrow of 1 6cm from plant 25cm place, executes 400 jin of farmyard manures, 60 jin of composite fertilizers, preparation method and the step 2 of farmyard manure for every mu) in the same; Monthly to mix by 1:9 times of liquid with natural pond liquid and water and carry out foliage-spray once.Natural pond liquid is selected and is carried out spraying effect the best by soft methane tank fermenting and producing.
Suitably increase irrigation times when dry or summer, keep humidity 65-75%, high temperature then takes sunshade, within every 3 months, once weeds with a hoe.
One strain matrimony vine is broadly divided into 3 ~ 5 layers, every interlamellar spacing 25 centimetres, tree body semicircular in shape, the height of tree 1.6 ~ 1.8 meters, 1.5 ~ 1.7 meters, tree crown.
Although above the present invention is described in detail with a general description of the specific embodiments, on basis of the present invention, can make some modifications or improvements it, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Therefore, these modifications or improvements without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention, all belong to the scope of protection of present invention.

Claims (9)

1. an implantation methods for matrimony vine, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
1) selection of land: select arid, sandy wasteland, saline land plantation;
2) whole ground loam: to the plot selected, 2 ~ 3 months start wholely before planting, and execute farmyard manure 600 ~ 800 jin for every mu, composite fertilizer 100 jin makes base fertilizer, ploughs under in soil, and Dou degree of being turned on ground is 45 °, and the degree of depth is 12 centimetres, and to disinfecting soil;
3) seed treatment: after ripe Chinese wolfberry fruit drying process, then smash fruit to pieces, select seed, soak 4 ~ 5 minutes with 1:100 times of bordeaux mixture before sowing or soak 30 ~ 60 seconds with the ABT root-growing agent solution of 20 ~ 50ppm;
4) sow: all can sow to the first tenday period of a month in May and early winter at late March, sow with line-spacing 35 ~ 40cm, after having sowed on seed earthing, the thickness of earthing is 2 ~ 3cm, after earthing completes, and compacting soil gently, and on soil, cover one deck straw, then it is moistening to spray clear water;
5) thinning: after matrimony vine seedling is longer, during height of seedling 6 ~ 10cm, in good time thinning, simultaneously to the bud picking of reed head, 1-2 healthy and strong bud is stayed in every strain, and all the other cauline leafs are all extractd;
6) field management: comprise the extermination of disease and insect pest, topdress, water, weeding, pruning work.
2. the implantation methods of a kind of matrimony vine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: for being 400 ~ 600 times of liquid potassium permanganate or the spirit of mattress more than 50% wetting powder to the medicament of disinfecting soil, or 65% Zineb wettable powder, 500 ~ 600 times of liquid add 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate or 40% omethoate emulsifiable solution, 1000 times of liquid, or concentration is the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution of 0.5 ~ 1%.
3. the implantation methods of a kind of matrimony vine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: step 6) in field management, the extermination of disease and insect pest is: one, late March self-control 5 degree of lime sulfurs or close before carrying out bud with the clear 500 times of liquid spraying in 29% orchard, can kill the adult of the insect that survives the winter, larva, ovum and doublely control the germs such as root rot; Two, mid-May with 25% Imidacloprid 1500 times or the extremely clean 2000 times of sprayings of 20% mite anti-to eliminate aphis, wood louse, thrips and goitre mite, rust mite; Three, mid-June is with pyridaben 1000 times spraying, can prevent eliminating aphis, wood louse, thrips; Four, mid-July with 0.3% kushenin, 800 times of liquid anti-to eliminate aphis, thrips; Five, mid-August is with sulphur deflocculant 1500 times of liquid sprayings, prevents and treats goitre mite, rust, can prevent and treat when there is black fruit or fusarium wilt with 400 times of kasugarnycin.
4. the implantation methods of a kind of matrimony vine according to claim 3, is characterized in that: need to intersect medication in the extermination of disease and insect pest, most disease and pest is double controls other secondary disease worm, safety interval 5 ~ 7 days in control, and same medicine uses once at most for 1 year.
5. the implantation methods of a kind of matrimony vine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: step 6) in field management, when the time of topdressing is the height of seedling 12 ~ 15cm when matrimony vine, carries out first time and topdress, as the height of seedling 20 ~ 25cm of matrimony vine, carry out second time and topdress; Concrete mode is: digging the dark dressing furrow of 1 6cm from plant 25cm place, executes 400 ~ 600 jin of farmyard manures, 60 jin of composite fertilizers for every mu; Monthly to mix by 1:8 ~ 10 times liquid with natural pond liquid and water and carry out foliage-spray once.
6. the implantation methods of a kind of matrimony vine according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described natural pond liquid is for be formed by soft methane tank fermenting and producing.
7. the implantation methods of a kind of matrimony vine according to claim 1 or 5, is characterized in that: described farmyard manure is obtained by the abundant mixed culture fermentation of following raw materials by weight: 20 ~ 30% chicken manures, 30 ~ 40% pig manures, 10 ~ 20% ash, 10 ~ 20% sheep excrement, 5 ~ 10% rice straws, 1 ~ 2%EM bacterium stoste.
8. the implantation methods of a kind of matrimony vine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: step 6) watering described in field management, weeding be: suitably increase irrigation times when dry or summer, keep humidity 65-75%, high temperature then takes sunshade, within every 3 months, once weeds with a hoe.
9. the implantation methods of a kind of matrimony vine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: step 6) being trimmed to described in field management: a strain matrimony vine is broadly divided into 3 ~ 5 layers, every interlamellar spacing 25 centimetres, tree body semicircular in shape, the height of tree 1.6 ~ 1.8 meters, 1.5 ~ 1.7 meters, tree crown.
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CN105940925A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-09-21 甘肃省治沙研究所 A method for rapidly increasing the organic carbon storage of saline and alkaline land
CN106857397A (en) * 2017-02-25 2017-06-20 薛广奎 A kind of ecology of matrimony vine chicken raises method scattered
CN107439325A (en) * 2017-09-21 2017-12-08 安徽亚泰天然植物科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of matrimony vine
CN107750792A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-03-06 甘肃省治沙研究所 A kind of rapidly and efficiently black fruit fructus lycii crop field seed seedling-raising method
CN107711223A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-23 宁夏农林科学院植物保护研究所(宁夏植物病虫害防治重点实验室) The preventing control method of Wolfberry Aphid
CN107821039A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-03-23 广西博白县乾福真家庭农场 A kind of passion fruit implantation methods
CN107950321A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-04-24 四川巴蜀粮仓科技有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of rape
CN110192483A (en) * 2018-02-26 2019-09-03 山丹县三羊农牧开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of fructus lycii
CN108811999A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-11-16 安徽省宗正农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods improving fructus lycii percentage of fertile fruit
CN108401776A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-08-17 安徽俊祺生物科技有限公司 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of matrimony vine
CN109006101A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-18 广西陆川县兰辉农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of fructus lycii

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