CN104642035A - Cultivation method of lycium barbarum - Google Patents

Cultivation method of lycium barbarum Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104642035A
CN104642035A CN201310603249.7A CN201310603249A CN104642035A CN 104642035 A CN104642035 A CN 104642035A CN 201310603249 A CN201310603249 A CN 201310603249A CN 104642035 A CN104642035 A CN 104642035A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cultivation method
soil
manure
kilograms
plant
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Pending
Application number
CN201310603249.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘泽华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao Xin Runtu Nursery Stock Specialty Co-Operative Organization
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Qingdao Xin Runtu Nursery Stock Specialty Co-Operative Organization
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Application filed by Qingdao Xin Runtu Nursery Stock Specialty Co-Operative Organization filed Critical Qingdao Xin Runtu Nursery Stock Specialty Co-Operative Organization
Priority to CN201310603249.7A priority Critical patent/CN104642035A/en
Publication of CN104642035A publication Critical patent/CN104642035A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/08Immunising seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation method of lycium barbarum. The method is characterized by comprising the steps of (1) preprocessing seeds; (2) selecting a land; (3) planting; (4) performing later period management; (5) fertilizing; (6) topdressing. According to the method, the traditional lycium barbarum planting technology is improved a lot; the shape, peel color, quality and output of the lycium barbarum are completely different; the attack rate of diseases of dioscorea opposite can be greatly reduced after soaking the seeds and disinfecting the soil; the output and quality of dioscorea opposite are increased by fertilizing and later scientific management; the fast development of the dioscorea opposite industry is achieved; the economic benefit is obvious; the method has a wide applicable scope.

Description

A kind of medlar cultivation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to planting technology field, be specifically related to a kind of medlar cultivation method.
Background technology
Multi-branched shrub, high 0.5-1 rice, can reach during cultivation more than 2 meters; Branch is thin and delicate, arciform bending or nutate, and light gray, has vertical stripe, the long 0.5-2 centimetre of quil, and the quil of leave and flower is longer, and the sharp point in sprig top becomes echinate.Leaf papery or grower's matter slightly thick, single leaf alternate or 2-4 piece cluster, avette, ovum shape rhombus, oblong, ovum shape lanceolar, the anxious point in top, base portion wedge shape, long 1.5-5 centimetre, wide 0.5-2.5 centimetre, grower is comparatively large, is more than 10 centimetres, widely reaches 4 centimetres; The long 0.4-1 centimetre of petiole.Flower is single raw or twin in axil on long shoot, then raw with leafage on brachyplast; The long 1-2 centimetre of bennet, slightly cumulative to top.The long 3-4 millimeter of calyx, split in usual 3 or 4-5 fissure, how many slivers has echinid; Corolla funnel-form, long 9-12 millimeter, lavender, cylinder portion upwards expands suddenly, and be slightly shorter than or closely equal eaves portion sliver, 5 drastic cracks, sliver is avette, and nose-circle is blunt, open and flat or slightly toward outer contrary flexure, there is echinid at edge, and base portion ear is remarkable; Stamen is slightly short compared with corolla, or stretches out corolla because of corolla lobe abduction, and filigree is at nearly base portion place close life one loop pile hair and be woven into elliptoid scopular, with the tube inwall also close life one ring fine hair of scopular equal-height position; Style slightly stretches out stamen, and upper end bow is curved, and column cap is green.Berry is red, ovum shape, and grower can grow up square round shape or long ellipticity, and top point or blunt, long 7-15 millimeter, grower's length can reach 2.2 centimetres, diameter 5-8 millimeter.The flat kidney-shaped of seed, long 2.5-3 millimeter, yellow.The flowering fruit bearing stage 6-11 month.
Thiophanate methyl is water-soluble hardly, dissolves in the organic solvents such as acetone, methyl alcohol, ethanol, chloroform.Acid, alkali are stablized.Thiophanate methyl belongs to benzimidazole, it is a kind of broad spectrum activity systemic fungicide, there is preventive and therapeutic action, various crop disease can be prevented and treated, comprise stinking smut, head blight, rice blast, banded sclerotial blight, sclerotinia rot of colza, sweet potato black rot, cucurbits powdery mildew, anthracnose, gray mold, Kidney bean gray mold, powdery mildew of pea, brown spot and multiple cotton and floral crops diseases etc.It is converted into carbendazim in plant corpus, and in the mitosis of interference bacterium, the formation of spindle, affects cell division.
The main cause of the plant continuous cropping underproduction is caused to relate to many factors such as soil physics structure, soil nutrient and damage by disease and insect, matrimony vine is continuous cropping sensitive crop, continuous cropping can cause that matrimony vine growing way is weak, resistance is low, easy early ageing, stem tuber do not expand, yield and quality declines, serious even total crop failure.Unique natural land is fertile, and weather should be planted, but traditional medlar cultivation technology does not bring up high yield, does not produce good effect, and economic benefit is not good.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of yam planting method preventing the continuous cropping underproduction.
Technical solution of the present invention is as follows: a kind of medlar cultivation method, is characterized in that, described cultivation method comprises the steps:
(1) Seeds preprocess: immersing concentration is 10min in the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution of 0.48wt%, takes out, airing 3 days, soaks 6-8min before plantation with 1: 150 times of bordeaux mixture;
(2) selection of land: selection soil property is fertile, soil layer is deep, preserve moisture and fertility power is strong, air capacity of soils good, irrigation and drainage high-quality soil easily, uses sufficient farmyard manure;
(3) plant: plough deeply and do furrow wholely, fill with permeable, by line-spacing 4-6cm, open the zanjon of 6-7cm, plant by spacing in the rows 4-6cm, then spread fertilizer over the fields commercially available Lan Shi-bacterial manure 8kg/ mu of taking root, spray 30wt% and dislike mould clever 0.5kg/ mu, then fill with root with 0.36wt% matrine 2.0L/ mu, earthing;
(4) final-period management: weed with a hoe when height of seedling 15-20 cm, suitably increase irrigation times, keep appropriate 65-75%, high temperature then takes sunshade in good time;
(5) apply fertilizer: emerge 3 all time mu apply phosphoric acid dichloro potassium 50 kg, Ammonium bicarbonate food grade 50 kg, add the chicken manure and urea composite fertilizer 80kg that become thoroughly decomposed in right amount;
(6) topdress: digging the dark dressing furrow of 1 6cm from plant 25cm place, mu executes night soil 700-1000 kilogram, topdresses 2-3 time, 2, interval Zhou Yici.
Above-mentioned a kind of medlar cultivation method, is characterized in that, the farmyard manure in described step (2) is that mu executes superphosphate 30 kilograms, decomposed manure 1500 kilograms, ash 250 kilograms.
Above-mentioned a kind of medlar cultivation method, is characterized in that, after in described step (4), thinning seedling goes out, in good time thinning, simultaneously to the bud picking of reed head, 1-2 healthy and strong bud is stayed in every strain, and all the other cauline leafs are all extractd.
The beneficial effect of the invention:
The present invention has done a lot of improvement in traditional matrimony vine planting technology, and the shape of product, the colour of skin, quality, output have had a world of difference.Greatly reduced the disease incidence of disease of Chinese yam by seed soaking and soil disinfection, by fertilising and the scientific management in later stage, improve the yield and quality of Chinese yam, the fast development of Chinese yam industry can be promoted, there is significant economic benefit and wide application prospect.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
(1) Seeds preprocess: immersing concentration is 10min in the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution of 0.48wt%, takes out, airing 3 days, soaks 6-8min before plantation with 1: 150 times of bordeaux mixture;
(2) selection of land: selection soil property is fertile, soil layer is deep, preserve moisture and fertility power is strong, air capacity of soils good, irrigation and drainage high-quality soil easily, and mu executes superphosphate 30 kilograms, decomposed manure 1500 kilograms, ash 250 kilograms;
(3) plant: plough deeply and do furrow wholely, fill with permeable, by line-spacing 4cm, open the zanjon of 6cm, plant by spacing in the rows 4cm, then spread fertilizer over the fields commercially available Lan Shi-bacterial manure 8kg/ mu of taking root, spray 30wt% and dislike mould clever 0.5kg/ mu, then fill with root with 0.36wt% matrine 2.0L/ mu, earthing;
(4) final-period management: after thinning seedling goes out, in good time thinning, simultaneously to the bud picking of reed head, 1-2 healthy and strong bud is stayed in every strain, and all the other cauline leafs are all extractd, and weed with a hoe when height of seedling 15 cm in good time, suitable increase irrigation times, keep appropriateness 65%, high temperature then takes sunshade;
(5) apply fertilizer: emerge 3 all time mu apply phosphoric acid dichloro potassium 50 kg, Ammonium bicarbonate food grade 50 kg, add the chicken manure and urea composite fertilizer 80kg that become thoroughly decomposed in right amount;
(6) topdress: digging the dark dressing furrow of 1 6cm from plant 25cm place, mu executes night soil 700 kilograms, topdresses 2 times, 2, interval Zhou Yici.
Embodiment 2
(1) Seeds preprocess: immersing concentration is 10min in the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution of 0.48wt%, takes out, airing 3 days, soaks 8min before plantation with 1: 150 times of bordeaux mixture;
(2) selection of land: selection soil property is fertile, soil layer is deep, preserve moisture and fertility power is strong, air capacity of soils good, irrigation and drainage high-quality soil easily, and mu executes superphosphate 30 kilograms, decomposed manure 1500 kilograms, ash 250 kilograms;
(3) plant: plough deeply and do furrow wholely, fill with permeable, by line-spacing 6cm, open the zanjon of 7cm, plant by spacing in the rows 6cm, then spread fertilizer over the fields commercially available Lan Shi-bacterial manure 8kg/ mu of taking root, spray 30wt% and dislike mould clever 0.5kg/ mu, then fill with root with 0.36wt% matrine 2.0L/ mu, earthing;
(4) final-period management: after thinning seedling goes out, in good time thinning, simultaneously to the bud picking of reed head, 1-2 healthy and strong bud is stayed in every strain, and all the other cauline leafs are all extractd, and weed with a hoe when height of seedling 20 cm in good time, suitable increase irrigation times, keep appropriateness 75%, high temperature then takes sunshade;
(5) apply fertilizer: emerge 3 all time mu apply phosphoric acid dichloro potassium 50 kg, Ammonium bicarbonate food grade 50 kg, add the chicken manure and urea composite fertilizer 80kg that become thoroughly decomposed in right amount;
(6) topdress: digging the dark dressing furrow of 1 6cm from plant 25cm place, mu executes night soil 1000 kilograms, topdresses 3 times, 2, interval Zhou Yici.

Claims (3)

1. a medlar cultivation method, is characterized in that, described cultivation method comprises the steps:
(1) Seeds preprocess: immersing concentration is 10min in the thiophanate methyl aqueous solution of 0.48wt%, takes out, airing 3 days, soaks 6-8min before plantation with 1: 150 times of bordeaux mixture;
(2) selection of land: selection soil property is fertile, soil layer is deep, preserve moisture and fertility power is strong, air capacity of soils good, irrigation and drainage high-quality soil easily, uses sufficient farmyard manure;
(3) plant: plough deeply and do furrow wholely, fill with permeable, by line-spacing 4-6cm, open the zanjon of 6-7cm, plant by spacing in the rows 4-6cm, then spread fertilizer over the fields commercially available Lan Shi-bacterial manure 8kg/ mu of taking root, spray 30wt% and dislike mould clever 0.5kg/ mu, then fill with root with 0.36wt% matrine 2.0L/ mu, earthing;
(4) final-period management: weed with a hoe when height of seedling 15-20 cm, suitably increase irrigation times, keep appropriate 65-75%, high temperature then takes sunshade in good time;
(5) apply fertilizer: emerge 3 all time mu apply phosphoric acid dichloro potassium 50 kg, Ammonium bicarbonate food grade 50 kg, add the chicken manure and urea composite fertilizer 80kg that become thoroughly decomposed in right amount;
(6) topdress: digging the dark dressing furrow of 1 6cm from plant 25cm place, mu executes night soil 700-1000 kilogram, topdresses 2-3 time, 2, interval Zhou Yici.
2. according to a kind of medlar cultivation method described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the farmyard manure in described step (2) is that mu executes superphosphate 30 kilograms, decomposed manure 1500 kilograms, ash 250 kilograms.
3. according to a kind of medlar cultivation method described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, after in described step (4), thinning seedling goes out, in good time thinning, simultaneously to the bud picking of reed head, 1-2 healthy and strong bud is stayed in every strain, and all the other cauline leafs are all extractd.
CN201310603249.7A 2013-11-26 2013-11-26 Cultivation method of lycium barbarum Pending CN104642035A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310603249.7A CN104642035A (en) 2013-11-26 2013-11-26 Cultivation method of lycium barbarum

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310603249.7A CN104642035A (en) 2013-11-26 2013-11-26 Cultivation method of lycium barbarum

Publications (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105165357A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-23 曾小虎 Planting method for high-altitude saline-alkali soil black medlar tree
CN105340554A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-02-24 广西佳联达生态农业发展有限责任公司 Planting method of Chinese wolfberries
CN105409387A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-23 江苏碧云天农林科技有限公司 Antibacterial treatment method for taraxacum mongolicum seeds
CN110192483A (en) * 2018-02-26 2019-09-03 山丹县三羊农牧开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of fructus lycii

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105165357A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-23 曾小虎 Planting method for high-altitude saline-alkali soil black medlar tree
CN105409387A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-23 江苏碧云天农林科技有限公司 Antibacterial treatment method for taraxacum mongolicum seeds
CN105340554A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-02-24 广西佳联达生态农业发展有限责任公司 Planting method of Chinese wolfberries
CN110192483A (en) * 2018-02-26 2019-09-03 山丹县三羊农牧开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of fructus lycii

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Application publication date: 20150527