CN103875383A - High-yield cultivation method capable of reducing strawberry malformed fruits - Google Patents

High-yield cultivation method capable of reducing strawberry malformed fruits Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103875383A
CN103875383A CN201410045632.XA CN201410045632A CN103875383A CN 103875383 A CN103875383 A CN 103875383A CN 201410045632 A CN201410045632 A CN 201410045632A CN 103875383 A CN103875383 A CN 103875383A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
time
planting
fruit
root
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410045632.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈建明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Suzhou Yangchenghu Modern Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Suzhou Yangchenghu Modern Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Suzhou Yangchenghu Modern Agriculture Development Co Ltd filed Critical Suzhou Yangchenghu Modern Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410045632.XA priority Critical patent/CN103875383A/en
Publication of CN103875383A publication Critical patent/CN103875383A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

Disclosed is a high-yield cultivation method capable of reducing strawberry malformed fruits. The high-yield cultivation method specifically includes the steps of tissue culture and rapid propagation, preliminary training, nursery selection, transplanting, field planting, field management, pest management and the like.

Description

Reduce the high-yield cultivating method of strawberry malformed fruit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of nuisanceless strawberry high-yield cultivating method, especially a kind of high-yield cultivating method that reduces strawberry malformed fruit.
Background technology
Strawberry belongs to rose family Fragaria, is perennial root herbaceous plant, and its fruit colour is gorgeous, soft and succulency, moderately sour and sweet.Sugary 6%~12% in berry, organic acid 1.0%~1.5%, protein 0.4%~0.8%, containing vitamin C 50~120 mg, higher more than 10 times than apple and grape in every 100 g fruits, and contain the mineral matters such as abundant phosphorus, calcium, iron, zinc.At present, China strawberry is compared with the strawberry production advanced countries such as the U.S., Japan, Italy, average per unit area yield and quality are relatively low, and because pursuing the large high yield of fruit in plantation family more, and China's soil organic matter content generally lower, the excessive nitrogen of executing cause in soil nitrate content to raise, cause the most of inferior quality of commercially available strawberry; Some strawberry pesticide residues exceed standard and cause sanitary index defective.In addition,, because dry farming year after year causes disease incidence of soil-borne disease higher, reduced quality and the taste flavor of China strawberry.Rational application of fertilizers not only can improve the yield and quality of fruits and vegetables, but also can improve its resistance, reduces pesticide dosage and residual.Cake fertilizer, natural pond fertilizer and hog manure are traditional fertilizers, can improve soil physical property and improve quality of agricultural product, use separately the needs that fertilizer efficiency is often difficult to adapt to different plant nutrition and reproductive growth, combined administration is more conducive to the performance of the formation of soil beneficial microbe and fertilizer efficiency.
Summary of the invention
One of object of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
1) tissue is cultivated with numerous soon: after October before May, choose that growing way stalwartness, result are many, fruit shape just, there is the stolon that the production plant first leaf primordium of kind typical case proterties has just been launched, pinch and get front end 3~4 cm, in being placed on basket, rinse well with Natural Water with Louing; By 75% alcohol, the 2 ~ 5min that carries out disinfection for the stem apex having rinsed, pour out after alcohol, soak 5 ~ 20min with 0.1% mercuric chloride solution, mercuric chloride is poured out, with aseptic water washing 2 ~ 3 times; Detoxic seedling is cultivated through induction and propagation, first culture, the subculture tissue of bud, forms clump bud, and the large bud seedling that selection subculture forms in cultivating, cuts in rear immigration root media, paper using and polypropylene screen sealing; The minimal medium of root media is MS medium, constant temperature culture 20d in root media;
2) tentatively take exercise: the tying rope on blake bottle or rubber band are unclamped, only remove outer field polypropylene screen, retain the blank sheet of paper of internal layer, bottleneck binder is not all removed, allow group train the preliminary ingress of air of seedling, can induce plant to grow cuticula, after 2 ~ 3 d, remove bottleneck binder, allow group train the abundant ingress of air of seedling, after 2 ~ 3 d, organize training seedling bottle outlet acclimatization and transplants;
3) nursery is selected: cultivation way by mass fraction is: vinegar grain 25-40%, manioc waste 10-20%, peat composed of rotten mosses 10-25%, vermiculite 10-15%, ash 5-15%; This water content of substrate 25-45%, total porosity 65-85%, the content of organic matter >=25% in butt matter, selects loosing soil, organic abundant, fertile soil, Seedlings nursery is made in the plot that irrigation and drainage ability is strong, before field planting, should use sufficient base manure, execute rotten fertile fertilizer 3 000~4 000 kg, urea 15 kg for every mu, plough rake fine earth earth and be made into wide 1 m, high 10~15 cm, the high furrow of furrow width 25~30 cm;
4) transplant: with bamboo wood tweezers clamping group training seedling, seedling is shifted out from bottle, slowly wash down the medium of plant root with flowing water, seedling is pressed to line-spacing 1. 5 m, spacing in the rows 0. 8 m plant, before field planting, with 5 × 10-6 methyl α-naphthyl acetate root immersion 2h, wipe out the old root of part black, impose nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10 ~ 15kg;
5) field planting: April early and middle ten days, daily mean temperature field planting behind 10 ℃ of left and right, the field planting degree of depth should be held in water heavy real after the seedling heart still be advisable higher than earth's surface, i.e. " on do not bury the heart, under crab rooting not ", planted dark, bury the seedling heart, be difficult for sending out seedling, and easily cause rotten; Every mu of field planting 6 000~7 000 strain, the plantation of every ridge duplicate rows, line-spacing is 40 cm left and right, spacing in the rows 20~25 cm.Planted shallow, new stem exposes, and easily causes that seedling is withered, is difficult for surviving, and while planting, should make root system unfold, and group together, is not beneficial to root growth and grows, and the Ying Qin soil moisture conservation of watering after cultivate in outdoor can reduce irrigation times after delaying seedling;
6) field management: 1. extract inflorescence: should remove in time inflorescence when maternal plant pumping inflorescence in early spring, 2. weed a garden: before strawberry field planting or field planting live after with every mu of 150 ml of 48% trifluralin ec carry out ground spray controlling weeds, or in the ranks spray in the strawberry season of growth, after dispenser, earthing prevents photodissociation immediately: 3. nursery lot rich water quality management: before stolon grows, after pouring water, to loosen the soil in time, in the time that first order stolon stretches out successively, should execute urea 5 kg for every mu, as stretching climing fertilizer, carried out 1 top dressing every 2~3 weeks later, 4. keep down the vines of a creeping plant in time: in the time that stolon pumping goes out spire, front end presses to ground with a small amount of fine earth, growing point is exposed, promote root of hair, after entering August, when starting to be covered with seedbed, stolon seedling to remove in time unnecessary stolon, general every maternal plant retains 70~80 stolon seedling, 5. chemical regulation: spray 2~3 times by the Gibberellins solution of 40 mg/kg, can inspire stolon, can suppress again plant blossom.Temperature and humidity management: be controlled at 28~30 ℃ the highest daytime and can not exceed 35 ℃, nocturnal temperature is 12~15 ℃, minimum can not be lower than 8 ℃, humidity is controlled at 85~90% in this phase canopy; Flowering stage, day temperature was controlled at 22~25 ℃, the highlyest can not exceed 28 ℃, 10 ℃ of nocturnal temperatures, minimum can not be lower than 6 ℃, in canopy, humidity is controlled at 40% left and right and is advisable; Fruit expanding period and daytime in maturing stage are controlled at 20~25 ℃, and night is more than 5 ℃.Humidity can be controlled in 60%~70%.
7) extermination of disease and insect pest: strengthen management, prevent hot and humidly, remove in time disease leaf, sick fruit can obviously alleviate disease, prevents and treats gray mold and powdery mildew, prevent high humidity, many fertile, overstocked, excessive growth, maintenance well-ventilated;
8) malformed fruit control: promote that bud fully breaks up, start to be completely cured for 2 weeks before field planting, shelter from heat or light, control nitrogen, remove Lao Ye, to promote bud fully to break up; Reasonable Regulation And Control temp. and humidity, daytime, canopy temperature should keep 20-25 ℃, night 8-10 ℃, the optimum humidity that ground temperature remains on 18-20 ℃ of strawberry anther cracking is 30-50 ℃, the optimum humidity of column cap fertilization and pollen germination is 50%-60%; Florescence puts honeybee, and greenhouse strawberry, in the time that first bud forms, is put honeybee 2-3 case in every standard canopy, puts the honeybee time and be the morning when 8-9, and when 3-4, utilize honeybee supplementary pollination afternoon, reduces malformed fruit; Remove in time time flower and lopsided fruitlet, sick leaf, Lao Ye, Huang Ye, if fertilizer deficiency should be topdressed in conjunction with watering, should increase phosphorus potash fertilizer, do not impose carbon ammonium;
9) gather: fruit is gathered when face colouring 90%, while gathering in the morning dew dry to noon high temperature before not arriving, carry out, also can carry out between the lights, while gathering, pinch with thumb and forefinger and block disconnected carpopodium, plucking fruit together with part carpopodium, carpopodium is more short better, not hard draw, in order to avoid damage fruit, every 2 days of initial stage adopted 1 time, adopted every day in the full bearing period 1 time.
Pest management: powdery mildew of strawberry prophylactic: hundred safe 1 500 times of liquid, 25% makes hectogram 1 000 ~ 1 500 times liquid, 500 ~ 600 times of liquid sprayings of dragon gram bacterium, 7 ~ 10d spray 1 time, the cultivation prevention phase is before and after December and before and after in May, the 2nd, 1 000 times of liquid of Wuyiencin for their early stage prevention and cure, 3000 times of liquid of emerald green shellfish, 50% makes hundred merit 1 000 ~ 1 500 times liquid, 500 times of liquid of triumphant damp 2 000 times of liquid and one-tenth mark are mixed, 500 ~ 600 times of liquid of dragon gram bacterium, as run into half cloudy half fine day, high humidity, without the weather of convection current wind, can be in time to foliar spray Wang Yi rhzomorph, or according to day green 800 times of liquid+soil smart 1 to water 15kg, or 0.36% complete in 300 times of liquid of 600 times of 1 000 times of liquid+Shi Erfu of liquid+nitrile bacterium azoles, grey mould fruit rot of strawberry: to put prevention first, medication best period is when strawberry the 1st inflorescence more than 20% is bloomed and the 2nd inflorescence has just been bloomed, with triumphant damp 1 200 times of liquid, or 1 000 times of liquid of vinclozolin, or 50% make hundred merit 1 000 ~ 1 500 times liquid, or 500 ~ 600 times of liquid of dragon gram bacterium, control 2 times continuously, alternatively administered, when disease is heavier, can select triumphant damp 1 200 times of liquid to add hundred safe 1 500 times of liquid, or triumphant damp 1200 times of liquid, or 50% make hundred merit 1 000 ~ 1 500 times liquid, or 500 ~ 600 times of liquid of dragon gram bacterium, the now mixed better effects if of now using, after the sagging stem of existing fruit, in time with fresh straw pad fruit, in case infect, notice that hydrofuge heats, meet cloudy complete stool in time and spray 600 times of liquid of active bacterium biological medicament Te Like+red 300 times of liquid, under a situation arises, extract disease leaf morning, really, at dusk with 1 000 times of liquid of Sukeling, or 300 times of liquid of 600 times of liquid+Shi Erfu of vinclozolin, or rare 1 000 times of liquid mixed atomizings of U.S. 500 times of liquid+gene activators of executing, strawberry clock post disease: determining after strain, before generally watering normal root water, watering 800 times of liquid of beneficial prestige to strain root, or deeply mixing complete beneficial prestige biological bacteria to the surperficial 5cm of bed soil in advance, do not using in active bio bacterium situation, can in normal root water, add first to cover the multiple special 800 times of liquid of 800 times of liquid+roots of spirit.
Embodiment
Below will be described in detail the preferred embodiments of the present invention; Should be appreciated that preferred embodiment is only for the present invention is described, rather than in order to limit the scope of the invention.
1) tissue is cultivated with numerous soon: after October before May, choose that growing way stalwartness, result are many, fruit shape just, there is the stolon that the production plant first leaf primordium of kind typical case proterties has just been launched, pinch and get front end 3~4 cm, in being placed on basket, rinse well with Natural Water with Louing; By 75% alcohol, the 2 ~ 5min that carries out disinfection for the stem apex having rinsed, pour out after alcohol, soak 5 ~ 20min with 0.1% mercuric chloride solution, mercuric chloride is poured out, with aseptic water washing 2 ~ 3 times; Detoxic seedling is cultivated through induction and propagation, first culture, the subculture tissue of bud, forms clump bud, and the large bud seedling that selection subculture forms in cultivating, cuts in rear immigration root media, paper using and polypropylene screen sealing; The minimal medium of root media is MS medium, constant temperature culture 20d in root media; The concrete steps that just culture, subculture tissue are cultivated are:
The induction of bud and propagation: by sharp tweezers stripping leaf for sterilizable material after treatment, expose growing point, cut 0.2 ~ 0.5 mm with cutter, be put into inducing culture (MS+6-BA 0.3 ~ 0.4mg/L.In carry out just culture, general 25 ℃ of culturing room's temperature, intensity of illumination 2 000 ~ 3 000 lx, illumination every day 12 h, induction time is 40 ~ 60 d;
Subculture is cultivated: induced bundle is sprouted and received proliferated culture medium (MS+6-BA 0.2 ~ 0.4mg/L+IBA 0.01mg/L.In carry out subculture cultivation, temperature, illumination and other are managed culture as before, 30 d left and right can subculture sub-bottle 1 time, determines and expands numerous number of times according to kind quantity;
Culture of rootage: with MS+6-BA 0.1 ~ 0.2mg/L+IBA 0.1 ~ 0.2mg/L medium culture subculture seedling, after 20 ~ 30 d, the seedlings of taking root take out cuttage, and seedling continues to cultivate, and take root in Kuo Fan limit, limit.
2) tentatively take exercise: the tying rope on blake bottle or rubber band are unclamped, only remove outer field polypropylene screen, retain the blank sheet of paper of internal layer, bottleneck binder is not all removed, allow group train the preliminary ingress of air of seedling, can induce plant to grow cuticula, after 2 ~ 3 d, remove bottleneck binder, allow group train the abundant ingress of air of seedling, after 2 ~ 3 d, organize training seedling bottle outlet acclimatization and transplants;
3) nursery is selected: cultivation way by mass fraction is: vinegar grain 25-40%, manioc waste 10-20%, peat composed of rotten mosses 10-25%, vermiculite 10-15%, ash 5-15%; This water content of substrate 25-45%, total porosity 65-85%, the content of organic matter >=25% in butt matter, selects loosing soil, organic abundant, fertile soil, Seedlings nursery is made in the plot that irrigation and drainage ability is strong, before field planting, should use sufficient base manure, execute rotten fertile fertilizer 3 000~4 000 kg, urea 15 kg for every mu, plough rake fine earth earth and be made into wide 1 m, high 10~15 cm, the high furrow of furrow width 25~30 cm;
4) transplant: with bamboo wood tweezers clamping group training seedling, seedling is shifted out from bottle, slowly wash down the medium of plant root with flowing water, seedling is pressed to line-spacing 1. 5 m, spacing in the rows 0. 8 m plant, before field planting, with 5 × 10-6 methyl α-naphthyl acetate root immersion 2h, wipe out the old root of part black, impose nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10 ~ 15kg;
5) field planting: April early and middle ten days, daily mean temperature field planting behind 10 ℃ of left and right, the field planting degree of depth should be held in water heavy real after the seedling heart still be advisable higher than earth's surface, i.e. " on do not bury the heart, under crab rooting not ", planted dark, bury the seedling heart, be difficult for sending out seedling, and easily cause rotten; Every mu of field planting 6 000~7 000 strain, the plantation of every ridge duplicate rows, line-spacing is 40 cm left and right, spacing in the rows 20~25 cm.Planted shallow, new stem exposes, and easily causes that seedling is withered, is difficult for surviving, and while planting, should make root system unfold, and group together, is not beneficial to root growth and grows, and the Ying Qin soil moisture conservation of watering after cultivate in outdoor can reduce irrigation times after delaying seedling;
6) field management: 1. extract inflorescence: should remove in time inflorescence when maternal plant pumping inflorescence in early spring, 2. weed a garden: before strawberry field planting or field planting live after with every mu of 150 ml of 48% trifluralin ec carry out ground spray controlling weeds, or in the ranks spray in the strawberry season of growth, after dispenser, earthing prevents photodissociation immediately: 3. nursery lot rich water quality management: before stolon grows, after pouring water, to loosen the soil in time, in the time that first order stolon stretches out successively, should execute urea 5 kg for every mu, as stretching climing fertilizer, carried out 1 top dressing every 2~3 weeks later, 4. keep down the vines of a creeping plant in time: in the time that stolon pumping goes out spire, front end presses to ground with a small amount of fine earth, growing point is exposed, promote root of hair, after entering August, when starting to be covered with seedbed, stolon seedling to remove in time unnecessary stolon, general every maternal plant retains 70~80 stolon seedling, 5. chemical regulation: spray 2~3 times by the Gibberellins solution of 40 mg/kg, can inspire stolon, can suppress again plant blossom.Temperature and humidity management: be controlled at 28~30 ℃ the highest daytime and can not exceed 35 ℃, nocturnal temperature is 12~15 ℃, minimum can not be lower than 8 ℃, humidity is controlled at 85~90% in this phase canopy; Flowering stage, day temperature was controlled at 22~25 ℃, the highlyest can not exceed 28 ℃, 10 ℃ of nocturnal temperatures, minimum can not be lower than 6 ℃, in canopy, humidity is controlled at 40% left and right and is advisable; Fruit expanding period and daytime in maturing stage are controlled at 20~25 ℃, and night is more than 5 ℃.Humidity can be controlled in 60%~70%.
7) extermination of disease and insect pest: strengthen management, prevent hot and humidly, remove in time disease leaf, sick fruit can obviously alleviate disease, prevents and treats gray mold and powdery mildew, prevent high humidity, many fertile, overstocked, excessive growth, maintenance well-ventilated;
8) malformed fruit control: promote that bud fully breaks up, start to be completely cured for 2 weeks before field planting, shelter from heat or light, control nitrogen, remove Lao Ye, to promote bud fully to break up; Reasonable Regulation And Control temp. and humidity, daytime, canopy temperature should keep 20-25 ℃, night 8-10 ℃, the optimum humidity that ground temperature remains on 18-20 ℃ of strawberry anther cracking is 30-50 ℃, the optimum humidity of column cap fertilization and pollen germination is 50%-60%; Florescence puts honeybee, and greenhouse strawberry, in the time that first bud forms, is put honeybee 2-3 case in every standard canopy, puts the honeybee time and be the morning when 8-9, and when 3-4, utilize honeybee supplementary pollination afternoon, reduces malformed fruit; Remove in time time flower and lopsided fruitlet, sick leaf, Lao Ye, Huang Ye, if fertilizer deficiency should be topdressed in conjunction with watering, should increase phosphorus potash fertilizer, do not impose carbon ammonium;
9) gather: fruit is gathered when face colouring 90%, while gathering in the morning dew dry to noon high temperature before not arriving, carry out, also can carry out between the lights, while gathering, pinch with thumb and forefinger and block disconnected carpopodium, plucking fruit together with part carpopodium, carpopodium is more short better, not hard draw, in order to avoid damage fruit, every 2 days of initial stage adopted 1 time, adopted every day in the full bearing period 1 time.Of the present invention through field comparison test, all obtain positive effect, main manifestations is as follows: contain and enrich organic matter and humus, can improve soil structure, vegetable soil, promotes soil to build up fertility.Reduce or reduce crop disease and insect, affecting crop quality.Need not or reduce fertilizer amount, be beneficial to protection of the environment.Adopt this implantation methods average yield per mu volume increase 20-23%, damage by disease and insect incidence reduces 5-10%, and orchard worker's benefit increases 10-15%.

Claims (5)

1. a high-yield cultivating method that reduces strawberry malformed fruit, comprises the following steps:
Tissue is cultivated with numerous soon: after October before May, choose that growing way stalwartness, result are many, fruit shape just, there is the stolon that the production plant first leaf primordium of kind typical case proterties has just been launched, pinch and get front end 3~4 cm, in being placed on basket, rinse well with Natural Water with Louing; By 75% alcohol, the 2 ~ 5min that carries out disinfection for the stem apex having rinsed, pour out after alcohol, soak 5 ~ 20min with 0.1% mercuric chloride solution, mercuric chloride is poured out, with aseptic water washing 2 ~ 3 times; Detoxic seedling is cultivated through induction and propagation, first culture, the subculture tissue of bud, forms clump bud, and the large bud seedling that selection subculture forms in cultivating, cuts in rear immigration root media, paper using and polypropylene screen sealing; The minimal medium of root media is MS medium, constant temperature culture 20d in root media;
Preliminary exercise: the tying rope on blake bottle or rubber band are unclamped, only remove outer field polypropylene screen, retain the blank sheet of paper of internal layer, bottleneck binder is not all removed, allow group train the preliminary ingress of air of seedling, can induce plant to grow cuticula, after 2 ~ 3 d, remove bottleneck binder, allow group train the abundant ingress of air of seedling, after 2 ~ 3 d, organize training seedling bottle outlet acclimatization and transplants;
Nursery is selected: cultivation way by mass fraction is: vinegar grain 25-40%, manioc waste 10-20%, peat composed of rotten mosses 10-25%, vermiculite 10-15%, ash 5-15%; This water content of substrate 25-45%, total porosity 65-85%, the content of organic matter >=25% in butt matter, selects loosing soil, organic abundant, fertile soil, Seedlings nursery is made in the plot that irrigation and drainage ability is strong, before field planting, should use sufficient base manure, execute rotten fertile fertilizer 3 000~4 000 kg, urea 15 kg for every mu, plough rake fine earth earth and be made into wide 1 m, high 10~15 cm, the high furrow of furrow width 25~30 cm;
Transplant: with bamboo wood tweezers clamping group training seedling, seedling is shifted out from bottle, slowly wash down the medium of plant root with flowing water, seedling is pressed to line-spacing 1. 5 m, spacing in the rows 0. 8 m plant, and field planting is front with 5 × 10 -6methyl α-naphthyl acetate root immersion 2h, wipes out the old root of part black, imposes nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 10 ~ 15kg;
Field planting: April early and middle ten days, daily mean temperature field planting behind 10 ℃ of left and right, the field planting degree of depth should be held in water heavy real after the seedling heart still be advisable higher than earth's surface, i.e. " on do not bury the heart, under crab rooting not ", planted dark, buried the seedling heart, was difficult for sending out a seedling, and easily caused rotten; Every mu of field planting 6 000~7 000 strain, the plantation of every ridge duplicate rows, line-spacing is 40 cm left and right, spacing in the rows 20~25 cm.
2. planted shallow, new stem exposes, and easily causes that seedling is withered, is difficult for surviving, and while planting, should make root system unfold, and group together, is not beneficial to root growth and grows, and the Ying Qin soil moisture conservation of watering after cultivate in outdoor can reduce irrigation times after delaying seedling;
Field management: 1. extract inflorescence: should remove in time inflorescence when maternal plant pumping inflorescence in early spring, 2. weed a garden: before strawberry field planting or field planting live after with every mu of 150 ml of 48% trifluralin ec carry out ground spray controlling weeds, or in the ranks spray in the strawberry season of growth, after dispenser, earthing prevents photodissociation immediately: 3. nursery lot rich water quality management: before stolon grows, after pouring water, to loosen the soil in time, in the time that first order stolon stretches out successively, should execute urea 5 kg for every mu, as stretching climing fertilizer, carried out 1 top dressing every 2~3 weeks later, 4. keep down the vines of a creeping plant in time: in the time that stolon pumping goes out spire, front end presses to ground with a small amount of fine earth, growing point is exposed, promote root of hair, after entering August, when starting to be covered with seedbed, stolon seedling to remove in time unnecessary stolon, general every maternal plant retains 70~80 stolon seedling, 5. chemical regulation: spray 2~3 times by the Gibberellins solution of 40 mg/kg, can inspire stolon, can suppress again plant blossom.
3. temperature and humidity management: be controlled at 28~30 ℃ the highest daytime and can not exceed 35 ℃, nocturnal temperature is 12~15 ℃, minimum can not be lower than 8 ℃, humidity is controlled at 85~90% in this phase canopy; Flowering stage, day temperature was controlled at 22~25 ℃, the highlyest can not exceed 28 ℃, 10 ℃ of nocturnal temperatures, minimum can not be lower than 6 ℃, in canopy, humidity is controlled at 40% left and right and is advisable; Fruit expanding period and daytime in maturing stage are controlled at 20~25 ℃, and night is more than 5 ℃.
4. humidity can be controlled in 60%~70%.
5. the extermination of disease and insect pest: strengthen management, prevent hot and humidly, remove in time disease leaf, sick fruit can obviously alleviate disease, prevents and treats gray mold and powdery mildew, prevent high humidity, many fertile, overstocked, excessive growth, maintenance well-ventilated;
Malformed fruit control: promote that bud fully breaks up, start to be completely cured for 2 weeks before field planting, shelter from heat or light, control nitrogen, remove Lao Ye, to promote bud fully to break up; Reasonable Regulation And Control temp. and humidity, daytime, canopy temperature should keep 20-25 ℃, night 8-10 ℃, the optimum humidity that ground temperature remains on 18-20 ℃ of strawberry anther cracking is 30-50 ℃, the optimum humidity of column cap fertilization and pollen germination is 50%-60%; Florescence puts honeybee, and greenhouse strawberry, in the time that first bud forms, is put honeybee 2-3 case in every standard canopy, puts the honeybee time and be the morning when 8-9, and when 3-4, utilize honeybee supplementary pollination afternoon, reduces malformed fruit; Remove in time time flower and lopsided fruitlet, sick leaf, Lao Ye, Huang Ye, if fertilizer deficiency should be topdressed in conjunction with watering, should increase phosphorus potash fertilizer, do not impose carbon ammonium;
Gather: fruit is gathered when face colouring 90%, while gathering in the morning dew dry to noon high temperature before not arriving, carry out, also can carry out between the lights, while gathering, pinch with thumb and forefinger and block disconnected carpopodium, plucking fruit together with part carpopodium, carpopodium is more short better, not hard draw, in order to avoid damage fruit, every 2 days of initial stage adopted 1 time, adopted every day in the full bearing period 1 time.
CN201410045632.XA 2014-02-08 2014-02-08 High-yield cultivation method capable of reducing strawberry malformed fruits Pending CN103875383A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410045632.XA CN103875383A (en) 2014-02-08 2014-02-08 High-yield cultivation method capable of reducing strawberry malformed fruits

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410045632.XA CN103875383A (en) 2014-02-08 2014-02-08 High-yield cultivation method capable of reducing strawberry malformed fruits

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103875383A true CN103875383A (en) 2014-06-25

Family

ID=50944777

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410045632.XA Pending CN103875383A (en) 2014-02-08 2014-02-08 High-yield cultivation method capable of reducing strawberry malformed fruits

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103875383A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104396503A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-03-11 福建省农业科学院生物技术研究所 Summer acclimation transition method for strawberry tissue culture seedlings
CN104396545A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-03-11 苏州青青生态种植园 High-yield strawberry cultivation method
CN104509363A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-15 安徽恒进农业发展有限公司 Two-stage seedling raising method for strawberries
CN105165301A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-12-23 太仓市孙桥三苏草莓生产专业合作社 Culture method for pollution-free milky strawberries
CN105359949A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-03-02 江苏农林职业技术学院 Method for improving planting survival rate of strawberry elevated substrate culture
CN105532255A (en) * 2016-01-31 2016-05-04 广西南岜仔科技有限公司 Strawberry planting method
CN107318837A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-11-07 贵州省黔西县水西科技实业有限公司 A kind of method for preventing and treating powdery mildew of strawberry
CN107409716A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-12-01 合肥果成科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of strawberry
CN112379711A (en) * 2020-11-12 2021-02-19 浙江宜葆生物科技有限公司 Strawberry gray mold forecasting system based on Internet of things
CN112379711B (en) * 2020-11-12 2021-09-03 浙江宜葆生物科技有限公司 Strawberry gray mold forecasting system based on Internet of things

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102577825A (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-07-18 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 High-yield and pollution-free cultivation method for strawberries
CN102986512A (en) * 2012-10-21 2013-03-27 镇江培蕾基质科技发展有限公司 Soilless culture substrate special for strawberries
CN103329802A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-10-02 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业发展有限公司 Pollution-free high-yield planting method for strawberries
CN103355088A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-10-23 韦中定 Strawberry cultivation method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102577825A (en) * 2012-03-17 2012-07-18 常熟市尚湖农业生态园有限公司 High-yield and pollution-free cultivation method for strawberries
CN102986512A (en) * 2012-10-21 2013-03-27 镇江培蕾基质科技发展有限公司 Soilless culture substrate special for strawberries
CN103329802A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-10-02 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业发展有限公司 Pollution-free high-yield planting method for strawberries
CN103355088A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-10-23 韦中定 Strawberry cultivation method

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
曹涤环,邓国强: "《大棚草莓畸形果的发生及防治》", 《农家顾问》, no. 1, 5 January 2008 (2008-01-05), pages 2 *
李玉臣: "《大棚草莓无公害高产栽培技术》", 《北方园艺》, no. 21, 15 November 2012 (2012-11-15), pages 2 *

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104396503A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-03-11 福建省农业科学院生物技术研究所 Summer acclimation transition method for strawberry tissue culture seedlings
CN104396503B (en) * 2014-11-10 2017-02-15 福建省农业科学院生物技术研究所 Summer acclimation transition method for strawberry tissue culture seedlings
CN104396545A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-03-11 苏州青青生态种植园 High-yield strawberry cultivation method
CN104509363A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-15 安徽恒进农业发展有限公司 Two-stage seedling raising method for strawberries
CN105165301A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-12-23 太仓市孙桥三苏草莓生产专业合作社 Culture method for pollution-free milky strawberries
CN105359949A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-03-02 江苏农林职业技术学院 Method for improving planting survival rate of strawberry elevated substrate culture
CN105532255A (en) * 2016-01-31 2016-05-04 广西南岜仔科技有限公司 Strawberry planting method
CN107318837A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-11-07 贵州省黔西县水西科技实业有限公司 A kind of method for preventing and treating powdery mildew of strawberry
CN107409716A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-12-01 合肥果成科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of strawberry
CN112379711A (en) * 2020-11-12 2021-02-19 浙江宜葆生物科技有限公司 Strawberry gray mold forecasting system based on Internet of things
CN112379711B (en) * 2020-11-12 2021-09-03 浙江宜葆生物科技有限公司 Strawberry gray mold forecasting system based on Internet of things

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN100418400C (en) Standard planting method of medicinal lycoris radiata
CN103283450B (en) Golden camellia bud seedling stock grafting propagation method
CN103875383A (en) High-yield cultivation method capable of reducing strawberry malformed fruits
CN100356838C (en) Season-opposite culture method of peach
CN103918536A (en) Planting method for Dendrobium officinale
CN105191763A (en) Vegetable organic soil-less culture method, culture medium and manufacturing method thereof
CN102197776B (en) Novel technology for twice production of grapes in one year
CN103329802A (en) Pollution-free high-yield planting method for strawberries
CN105145104B (en) Pseudobulbus Bletillae (Rhizoma Bletillae) tuber is utilized to carry out splitting breeding and seedling method
CN105432402A (en) Papaya planting method
CN104380962A (en) Early spring tomato seedling and greenhouse cultivation method
CN102919045A (en) Fructus momordicae high-yield cultivation technology allowing fructus momordicae to be planted one time and harvested two times in year
CN103609414A (en) Organic ecotype soilless culture technology for muskmelons in sunlight greenhouse
CN105104213B (en) Rapid propagation and seedling culture method using rhizomes of paris polyphylla
CN101785416A (en) Method for raising earthworm with peach tree
CN102948355A (en) Potting technology for mangrove forest seedling cultivation
CN106613616A (en) Green tea planting method
CN101707964A (en) Tunnel half-shading green branch cottage and propagation method of large reed-leaf cherries and Teng county red cherries
CN104025830A (en) Greenhouse cherry cultivation method
CN103891493A (en) Two-section type high-yield cultivation method for greenhouse asparagus
CN103609441A (en) Blueberry seedling culturing method
CN104969766A (en) Method for planting strawberry
CN101627729B (en) High-quality corm of colorful calla and method for cultivating same
CN105145035A (en) Propagation technique for American chrysanthemum
CN104798682A (en) Breeding and cultivation method for bitter gourds

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20140625

C12 Rejection of a patent application after its publication