CN106866302A - Organic fertilizer and its production method with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop - Google Patents

Organic fertilizer and its production method with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop Download PDF

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CN106866302A
CN106866302A CN201710066024.0A CN201710066024A CN106866302A CN 106866302 A CN106866302 A CN 106866302A CN 201710066024 A CN201710066024 A CN 201710066024A CN 106866302 A CN106866302 A CN 106866302A
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parts
organic fertilizer
pests
crop
preventing
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方志明
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方志明
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • C05D3/02Calcareous fertilisers from limestone, calcium carbonate, calcium hydrate, slaked lime, calcium oxide, waste calcium products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F5/00Fertilisers from distillery wastes, molasses, vinasses, sugar plant or similar wastes or residues, e.g. from waste originating from industrial processing of raw material of agricultural origin or derived products thereof
    • C05F5/002Solid waste from mechanical processing of material, e.g. seed coats, olive pits, almond shells, fruit residue, rice hulls
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/04Biological compost
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants

Abstract

The present invention relates to it is a kind of with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop organic fertilizer and its production method, including following parts by weight raw material:25 30 parts of baeckea frutescen leaf;18 22 parts of tobacco powder;10 15 parts of tea bran;35 parts of trifoliate jewelvine;20 25 parts of filter mud of sugarcane;37 parts of calcium lime powder;15 25 parts of yeast juice;0.4 0.7 parts of bacillus subtilis formulation;0.4 0.7 parts of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation.The organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop that present invention production is obtained has various functions such as insect prevention, diseases prevention, growth promoting, regulation, raising crop anti-adversity, increase agricultural product sugar, improved soil to proportion of crop planting.Soil pests, prevention soil-borne disease can not only be effectively prevented and treated using organic fertilizer of the present invention, and can be balanced nutritious, improve soil environment, promote crop growth, crop yield and quality are improved, play the purpose of increasing both production and income.

Description

Organic fertilizer and its production method with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural fertilizer technical field, and in particular to a kind of organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop And its production method.
Background technology
Fertilizer be to provide one or more plants necessary to nutrient, improve soil property, increase soil fertility One class material of level, is one of material base of agricultural production.China's agricultural planting amount is big, and long-term use chemical fertilizer, chemical fertilizer is made For the factor of determination of farming volume increase plays an important role in China's agricultural production.At present, China has become in the world most Big chemical fertilizer production state and country of consumption, but long-term use chemical fertilizer can be destroyed soil granular structure, easily cause soil hardening, Soil property is hardened, and in the soil that excessively application of chemical fertilizer, inorganic content surges, organic matter reduction, Trace Element Imbalance, crop Pest and disease damage is on the rise, so as to influence the decline of the growth of crops, quality, causes vicious circle.It is single with the development in epoch Pure chemistry fertilizer is not suitable for modern agricultural production more and more.
Organic fertilizer is the class fertilizer that natural organic matter is decomposed or fermented through microorganism.Organic fertilizer fertilizer efficiency is more Slowly, but fertilizer efficiency is long, soil physico-chemical property can be effectively improved, increases soil organic matter content, the microorganism in improved soil Flora, long-term manure use material, can increase soil fertility, be effectively improved soil hardening situation, improve crop yield and matter Amount, is the necessary product of sustainable development of agricultural production.Therefore, the attention of people is increasingly obtained in agriculturally organic fertilizer. The document for retrieving correlation in terms of organic fertilizer is as follows:
1st, application number 201210015446.2, denomination of invention:Bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof, patentee:Land is few English, summary:A kind of bio-organic fertilizer of the disclosure of the invention and preparation method thereof, the technical problem of solution is that obtained biology has Machine fertilizer function is more, effect is high.The bio-organic fertilizer of the invention, the raw material of mass fraction:600-1000 parts of major ingredient A, hair Ferment trains 30 parts of body, 50 parts of amine sulfate, 50 parts of calcium superphosphate, 50 parts of alumina silicate magnesium powder;The raw material of the major ingredient A be manure of livestock and poultry and / or domestic waste.Preparation method of the invention, comprises the following steps:By major ingredient A600-1000 parts, fermentation training body 30 Part, 50 parts of amine sulfate, 50 parts of calcium superphosphate, 50 parts of alumina silicate magnesium powder is well mixed and stacks fermentation maturity 20-25 days.The hair It is bright to be compared with the prior art, using substantial amounts of renewable organic waste resource, turn waste into wealth, using the nothing of comprehensive biotechnological Public hazards processing method, the multifunction biofertilizer that will be made, is widely used, and promotes agricultural and Sustainable Development of Ecological Environment.
2nd, application number:201510683241.5, denomination of invention:A kind of organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof, applicant:Qingdao Hai Neng Biotec Marin GmbH, summary:The invention provides a kind of organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof, the organic fertilizer Material includes sludge, cow dung, peanut shell, dregs of beans, zymophyte, peppermint, lignocellulosic, shale, zeolite powder, the stem or leaf of cattail, epoxide modified Silicones, glauconite, Kelp Powder and Radix Glycyrrhizae.According to the present invention it is possible to by easy technique, prepare low cost, organic matter and contain Amount organic fertilizer higher and environmental protection.
3rd, application number:201510702516.5, denomination of invention:A kind of organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof, applicant:Extensively Western land-reclaimable state-owned vertical new farm, summary:A kind of organic fertilizer of the disclosure of the invention and preparation method thereof, belongs to organic fertilizer preparation Technical field.The organic fertilizer includes following raw material:Tree-of-heaven 30-80 parts, castor-oil plant 40-80 parts, Chinese prickly ash 50-80 parts, Waste residue 15-40 parts, earthworm powder 10-30 parts, biological bacteria 4-8 parts, 2-6 parts of trace element, water-loss reducer 1-3 parts, wetting Dispersant 1-3 parts, bleeding agent 1-3 parts.The organic fertilizer of the invention can not only effectively preventing disease and pest, and can be balanced nutritious, Improve soil environment, promote crops quickly to grow up healthy and sound, shorten growth cycle, improve crop yield.
Various organic materials are simply carried out simple heap corruption by the traditional fermentation methods of organic fertilizer, are become thoroughly decomposed a period of time Directly spread fertilizer over the fields afterwards in the fields.This method may cause organic fertilizer fermentation degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed not high, burn root burn seedlings, it is also possible to lead The cause fat coliform in material, roundworm egg and other harmful levels of pathogens, insect is not killed effectively, by Term Fertilization to field After can cause crop disease and insect, or even influence health.And existing organic fertilizer has a many kinds, but these organic fertilizer Function is more single, is mostly the organic fertilizer of auxotype, though being improved soil fertility, promotes the effect of crop growth, It is that, in preventing and treating soil pests, prevention soil-borne disease, the effect for improving the aspects such as crop anti-adversity is poor.If the organic fertilizer applied Insect prevention protection effect difference and need to be affixed by if chemicals carries out insect prevention diseases prevention, then it is exceeded to be easily caused residues of pesticides, Er Qieshi Chemicals is also easily polluted to water source soil and crops, produces harmful effect.
The content of the invention
There is insect prevention, diseases prevention, growth promoting, regulation, raising crop anti-adversity, increase sugar it is an object of the invention to provide one kind The organic fertilizer and its production method for divide, improve crop yield, improving the effects such as crop quality, improved soil.
To achieve the above object, the present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that:
It is a kind of with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop organic fertilizer, including following parts by weight raw material:
25-30 parts of baeckea frutescen leaf;Tobacco powder 18-22 parts;10-15 parts of tea bran;Trifoliate jewelvine 3-5 parts;Filter mud of sugarcane 20-25 parts;Calcium lime powder 3-7 parts;Yeast juice 15-25 parts;Bacillus subtilis formulation 0.4-0.7 parts;0.4-0.7 parts of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation;
The above-mentioned organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop, described bacillus subtilis formulation and gel-shaped gemma bar The content specification of bacteria preparation strain is all more than 200,000,000 every gram effective bacterium.
The described organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop, its production method comprises the following steps:
(1)Various raw material for standby are taken by weight, then premix baeckea frutescen leaf, tobacco powder, tea bran, trifoliate jewelvine and calcium lime powder, plus Enter yeast juice and mix, pile fermentation 10~15 days is obtained humus organic material material;
(2)Bacillus subtilis formulation and filter mud of sugarcane are mixed, pile fermentation 10~15 days is obtained the filter mud of sugarcane that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
(3)Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation is mixed with humus organic material material obtained above and the filter mud of sugarcane that becomes thoroughly decomposed, that is, is obtained Organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop.
The above-mentioned organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop, described controlling crop diseases and insect pests include grub, gold Pin worm, mole cricket, cutworm, powdery mildew, banded sclerotial blight and yellow droop.
In the present invention, described baeckea frutescen leaf is plant baeckea frutescen(Classification system:Baeckea frutescens L.)Leaf Son, baeckea frutescen leaf contains volatile oil, and main component is australene(α-pinene), to P-cymene(P-cymene), trans carveol (Trans-carneol), myrtanal() etc. myrtenal 19 kinds.The baeckea frutescen leaf content of organic matter is high, and contained volatile oil is peach The volatile oil that the branches and leaves of Jin Niang sections plant baeckea frutescen (BaeckeafrutescensL1) are extracted through steam distillation, Baeckea frutescens oil is in medicine It is used for heat-clearing poison, wind-dispelling poison, desinsection with aspect antipruritic, the traditional Chinese medical science is used for that desinsection to be antipruritic, clearing heat and promoting diuresis, miliaria of dispelling analgesic dehumidifying etc..Hilllock Pine needle has the effect of insect killing and preventing.
Tobacco powder is the leftover bits and pieces of tobacco leaf production factory, is that a kind of nuisanceless ecology of fully natural green has fertilizer, its active ingredient It is as follows:N:1.7%, P:0.6%, K:7.1%, organic matter >=70%, moisture≤10%.It contains abundant organic matter, amino acid, life The elements such as thing potassium, it is adaptable to which root fertilising expelling parasite and the desinsection of the plant such as farm, forest farm, tea plantation, fruit field, its effect is industrialization Fertilizer and other organic fertilizers are incomparable.Tobacco powder is the fabulous raw material for manufacturing various organic fertilizers.Tobacco powder is carried out into fermentation preparation Organic fertilizer, the organic fertilizer for obtaining can supplement soil organic fertilizer upon application, the nutrition unit needed for slow release plant growth Element;Beneficial microbe can be promoted to breed, fast decoupled soil nutrient(N, P, K and trace element), make soil restoration vigor, promote Crop root absorbs nutrient;Increase soil permeability, improve irrigation and drainage benefit;Soil water-retaining, fertilizer-preserving ability can also be increased, subtracted The fertility loss of few leaching loss, effective improved soil quality increases soil fertility.
Tea bran, is remaining slag after the oil expression of Wild camellia seed oil fruit also known as tea seed cake, tea seed cake, tea seed cake, and 12- is contained in tea bran 18% Tea Saponin.Tea bran is widely used in fish pond and cleans up the pond and rice field and high-grade lawn desinsection, earthworm, cutworm and other evils Worm.Used as a kind of Green medicament, it can voluntarily be decomposed tea bran, non-toxic remaining, on human body without influence, use safety.Tea bran and Tea bran water has good stomach toxicity and action of contace poison to insect, can make in vegetables, paddy rice, fruit tree, tealeaves, flowers and other crops extensively With preventing and treating snail, river snail, leech, planthopper, rice leafhopper, the first-class insect of Ipomoea batatas baby elephant.Tea Saponin is soluble in alkaline water, is made Used time adds a small amount of limewash, and drug effect is more preferably.The contents of organic matter such as the protein due to tea bran are higher, therefore this or a kind of height Effect organic fertilizer, is widely used in crops and fruit tree plantation, excellent.The pond few to mud, substrate is barren can play Getting fat is acted on.
Trifoliate jewelvine(DerristrifoliataLour.), belong to pulse family liana, the master containing insecticidal function in derris root Composition is wanted for rotenone, also trifoliate jewelvine poison, grey green soy bean essence and toxicarol etc..Pulvis, emulsion that trifoliate jewelvine can be made into, can be with sulphur The immixtures such as mixture, Dalmatian chrysanthemum emulsion, contact insecticide is mainly played to insect, also there is the effect of stomach poison and repellent, it Virulence be mainly paralysis insect respiratory center and vasomotor nerve maincenter, to aphid, lepidopterous larvae, beetle children Worm, dog flea, gadfly etc. are all effective in cure, it is possible to for treating human body mange.Fertilizer is prepared by using trifoliate jewelvine, can be right Crop disease and insect is prevented and treated, and can have obvious action to weeding again.
Filter mud of sugarcane is the accessory substance of cane sugar manufacture factory, and the main component of filter mud of sugarcane is debris, phat fat, protein Deng organic matter and mineral matter and a small amount of sugar part, and contain various nutritions that can be absorbed as crop such as N P and K.Sugarcane filters Mud inherently contains many nutritional ingredients, is a kind of good fermentation raw material, and fermentation process is carried out to it, makes organic matter therein Matter further recombinates humification, just as the efficient, new bio-fertilizer of safety, high-quality, the filter mud pond sludge for fermenting, and fertilizer efficiency is very It is good, improve absorption rate of the crop to fertilizer.Crop root after is flourishing, and strain is strengthened full of leaves, effectively facilitates crop Germinate, grow, blooming, result and maturation, increase yield significantly.Filter mud of sugarcane has lime method and sulfurous method, due to the filter of lime method Mud alkalescence is big, easily caking, so filter mud of the present invention using sulfurous method.
Its main component of calcium lime powder used by the present invention is calcium oxide (CaO), is by with calcium carbonate as main component Natural rock carries out what is obtained after high-temperature calcination, and calcium lime powder mixes quick lime with baeckea frutescen leaf, tobacco powder, tea bran, trifoliate jewelvine in alkalescence Close stack retting, be conducive to it is clear go out the material such as the Tea Saponin with insect killing and preventing effect, nicotine and rotenone, the insect prevention for improving fertilizer kills Worm acts on, moreover it is possible to promote baeckea frutescen leaf, tobacco powder, tea bran and trifoliate jewelvine to become thoroughly decomposed.Meanwhile, lime contain calcium, magnesium, silicon etc. it is various in micro unit Element, is conducive to plant growth, and lime also has certain sterilization, insecticidal action, can kill and colonize in some of soil and survive the winter Fungi, bacterium and insect, lime also has increases the effect of the available nutrient of soil.
Described yeast juice is the leftover bits and pieces waste liquid of generation in Yeast Fermentation Process, contains what is enriched in yeast waste liquor The organic substance such as the inorganic microelements such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, iron and humic acid, fulvic acid, with good fertilizer efficiency.General feelings Under condition, up to 20~30%, n-p-k element content is up to 5~7% for the content of organic matter such as amino acid, protein, humic acid.Crop is given birth to Long and raising agricultural product quality has preferably effect.
Bacillus subtilis, is one kind of Bacillus, 0.7~0.8 × 2~3 microns of individual cells, uniform coloring; Without pod membrane, peritrichous can be moved, and Latin is entitledBacillus subtilis.Bacillus subtilis has breeding quick, raw The features such as ordering strong power, safety non-toxic, bacillus subtilis available protein, various sugar and starch, decomposes tryptophan, can secrete Synthesize various organic acids, enzyme, physiological activator etc..Bacillus subtilis not only has the powerful effect of becoming thoroughly decomposed to organic materials, promotees Enter that organic materials is mineralization and humification:By mineralization, nutrient is changed into available state and quick-acting to material from invalid state and slow state State, by humification, produces a large amount of humic acid, stimulates plant growth;And a large amount of function bacteriums are also bred during the fermentation And various special efficacy metabolites are produced, and so as to stimulate crop growth, crop disease-resistant, drought resisting, cold tolerance being improved, function is thin After bacterium enters soil, can fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium living, increase soil nutrient, improved soil structure, raising chemical fertilizer utilization ratio.
Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering(Bacillus mucilaginosus)B. mucilaginocus are commonly called as, are common one kind soil in farmland Earth bacterium, the bacterium has the function of phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, can increase the content of soil quick-effective phosphor and available potassium.Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering The flourish in soil, can produce the metabolites such as organic acid, capsular polysaccharide, destroy lattice structure, the indissoluble of alumino-silicate Property phosphorus compound etc., decomposition discharges the middle trace elements such as solvable phosphorus potassium element and calcium, sulphur, magnesium, iron, zinc, molybdenum, manganese, both increased Enter soil fertility, but for crop provides the absorbable nutrient for utilizing, chemical fertilizer utilization ratio is significantly improved, while producing red The physiological activators such as mycin, cytokinin, microbial enzyme, bacterial polysaccharides, promote crop nutrient absorption and growth metabolism.Glue Freeze sample bacillus has obvious effect of increasing production on various soil and crop.After bacillusmusilaginosiengineering bacterium powder is manured into soil, The beneficial microbe and organic matter in soil are increased, profitable strain is formed in crop root, effectively suppressed soil and be harmful to and cause The breeding of sick microorganism, substantially reduces the generation of various soil-borne diseases, such as the powdery mildew of wheat, cotton seedling blight, yellow droop, Banded sclerotial blight etc..So as to reduce the use of part agricultural chemicals, mitigate pollution by pesticides.Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering has fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, solution Potassium, suppression are killed harmful levels of pathogens, decomposition soil harmful substance, reduction heavy metal activity, raising agricultural product quality, raising crop and are resisted The effects such as inverse property, promotion plant growth.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1st, the present invention uses baeckea frutescen leaf, tobacco powder, tea bran, filter mud of sugarcane and yeast juice etc. that organic fertilizer, raw material sources are prepared for raw material Extensively, it is cheap, and these raw materials are reused, turn waste into wealth, played an important role for environmental protection.
2nd, the organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop of present invention production uses baeckea frutescen leaf, tobacco powder, tea bran and fish Rattan is fermented as raw material, and these raw materials have good expelling parasite and insecticidal action, the organic fertilizer for obtaining afterwards by fermentation Material, containing materials such as the Tea Saponins and nicotine acted on insect killing and preventing, can effectively kill such as cutworm, nematode insect, Prevent and treat the propagation of soil pest and disease damage.
3rd, the organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop that present invention production is obtained contains abundant organic matter and each Nutrient is planted, the content of organic matter is high, fertilizer efficiency is lasting, N+P2O5+K2O >=5%, organic matter >=45%, moisture≤30% meets national pass In the relevant criterion of organic fertilizer.It not only can directly provide nutrient for crop, and can be with potential foster in activating soil Point, strengthen microbial activity, promote material conversion.Using the organic fertilizer, soil physical and chemical property can be improved, improve soil fertilizer Power, prevents and treats soil pollution, enhancing soil water-retaining, fertilizer conservation, the ability of fertilizer.
4th, the organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop of present invention production uses yeast juice and bacillus subtilis Preparation ferments to raw material, there is the good effect of becoming thoroughly decomposed to organic materials, promotes organic materials mineralization and humification:Make to support Divide and available state and quick-acting states are changed into from invalid state and slow state, and produce a large amount of humic acid, stimulate plant growth;The present invention also exists Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering is added in fertilizer, the organic fertilizer beneficial microbe content that production is obtained is high:Into after soil, include Various organic medias increase several functions microorganism in soil and produce substantial amounts of secondary metabolism to produce during growth and breeding Thing, promotes the decomposition and inversion of organic matter, directly or indirectly for crop provides various nutrition and pungent can promote and regulate and control Plant growth.Meanwhile, the advantage profitable strain formed in crop root can suppress harmful pathogen procreation, and enhancing crop is degeneration-resistant anti- Sick ability.
5th, the organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop that present invention production is obtained has insect prevention, diseases prevention, growth promoting, carries Various functions such as high crop resistance, improved soil, soil pests, pre- can not only be effectively prevented and treated using organic fertilizer of the present invention Anti- soil-borne disease, and can be balanced nutritious, improve soil environment, promote crops quickly to grow up healthy and sound, shorten growth cycle, increase Sugaring point, improves crop yield and quality, plays the purpose of increasing both production and income.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
It is a kind of with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop organic fertilizer, including following parts by weight raw material:
25 parts of baeckea frutescen leaf;18 parts of tobacco powder;10 parts of tea bran;3 parts of trifoliate jewelvine;20 parts of filter mud of sugarcane;3 parts of calcium lime powder;Yeast juice 15 Part;0.4 part of bacillus subtilis formulation;0.4 part of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation.
The content specification of the bacillus subtilis formulation and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation strain is all 200,000,000 every gram to be had It is more than effect bacterium.
The described organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop, its production method comprises the following steps:
(1)Various raw material for standby are taken by weight, then premix baeckea frutescen leaf, tobacco powder, tea bran, trifoliate jewelvine and calcium lime powder, plus Enter yeast juice and mix, pile fermentation 13 days is obtained humus organic material material;
(2)Bacillus subtilis formulation and filter mud of sugarcane are mixed, pile fermentation 13 days is obtained the filter mud of sugarcane that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
(3)Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation is mixed with humus organic material material obtained above and the filter mud of sugarcane that becomes thoroughly decomposed, that is, is obtained Organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop.
Embodiment 2
It is a kind of with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop organic fertilizer, including following parts by weight raw material:
27 parts of baeckea frutescen leaf;20 parts of tobacco powder;12 parts of tea bran;4 parts of trifoliate jewelvine;23 parts of filter mud of sugarcane;5 parts of calcium lime powder;Yeast juice 20 Part;0.5 part of bacillus subtilis formulation;0.5 part of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation.
Described bacillus subtilis formulation and the content specification of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation strain are all 200,000,000 every gram It is more than effective bacterium.
The described organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop, its production method comprises the following steps:
(1)Various raw material for standby are taken by weight, then premix baeckea frutescen leaf, tobacco powder, tea bran, trifoliate jewelvine and calcium lime powder, plus Enter yeast juice and mix, pile fermentation 14 days is obtained humus organic material material;
(2)Bacillus subtilis formulation and filter mud of sugarcane are mixed, pile fermentation 14 days is obtained the filter mud of sugarcane that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
(3)Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation is mixed with humus organic material material obtained above and the filter mud of sugarcane that becomes thoroughly decomposed, that is, is obtained Organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop.
Embodiment 3
It is a kind of with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop organic fertilizer, including following parts by weight raw material:
30 parts of baeckea frutescen leaf;22 parts of tobacco powder;15 parts of tea bran;5 parts of trifoliate jewelvine;25 parts of filter mud of sugarcane;7 parts of calcium lime powder;25 parts of yeast juice; 0.7 part of bacillus subtilis formulation;0.7 part of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation.
Described bacillus subtilis formulation and the content specification of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation strain are all 200,000,000 every gram It is more than effective bacterium.
The described organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop, its production method comprises the following steps:
(1)Various raw material for standby are taken by weight, then premix baeckea frutescen leaf, tobacco powder, tea bran, trifoliate jewelvine and calcium lime powder, plus Enter yeast juice and mix, pile fermentation 15 days is obtained humus organic material material;
(2)Bacillus subtilis formulation and filter mud of sugarcane are mixed, pile fermentation 15 days is obtained the filter mud of sugarcane that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
(3)Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation is mixed with humus organic material material obtained above and the filter mud of sugarcane that becomes thoroughly decomposed, that is, is obtained Organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop.
Embodiment 4
It is a kind of with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop organic fertilizer, including following parts by weight raw material:
28 parts of baeckea frutescen leaf;21 parts of tobacco powder;11 parts of tea bran;5 parts of trifoliate jewelvine;24 parts of filter mud of sugarcane;6 parts of calcium lime powder;Yeast juice 23 Part;0.6 part of bacillus subtilis formulation;0.5 part of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation.
Described bacillus subtilis formulation and the content specification of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation strain are all 200,000,000 every gram It is more than effective bacterium.
The described organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop, its production method comprises the following steps:
(1)Various raw material for standby are taken by weight, then premix baeckea frutescen leaf, tobacco powder, tea bran, trifoliate jewelvine and calcium lime powder, plus Enter yeast juice and mix, pile fermentation 13 days is obtained humus organic material material;
(2)Bacillus subtilis formulation and filter mud of sugarcane are mixed, pile fermentation 14 days is obtained the filter mud of sugarcane that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
(3)Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation is mixed with humus organic material material obtained above and the filter mud of sugarcane that becomes thoroughly decomposed, that is, is obtained Organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop.
Application effect
Experiment one:
The organic fertilizer for preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop to further illustrate the present invention to have the advantages that, inventor is in Nanning The melonry in Wuming area is tested, and test situation is as follows:
1st, the variety of watermelon planted in melonry is:It is emerald green precious No. five.
2nd, test process:
1. the organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop that treatment 1- is obtained using production in the embodiment of the present invention 3, every mu Using 130kg;
2. the kg of every mu of administration of 15-15-15 inorganic composite fertilizers 20 is applied;
3. applications of farmyard manure, every mu is applied the kg of night soil 500.
3rd, fertilizing method:Spread fertilizer over the fields, then, additional 20kg/ mus of the 15-10-15 inorganic composite fertilizers of each treatment unification make base manure and apply With base manure is applied fertilizer by the way of spreading manuer in holes, and other dispositions of each treatment are consistent, 30 square metres of experimental plot area, 3 Secondary repetition.
4th, result of the test:
(1) apply the organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop of the invention and apply other fertilizer to the yield of watermelon with And influence to watermelon pest and disease damage is as shown in table 1 below:
Knowable to upper table 1, compared to conventional use of fertilizer, the organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop of the invention is used Material can greatly improve the yield of watermelon, and effect of increasing production is obvious, remarkable in economical benefits.And from the data in table 1, using this The pest and disease damage incidence of the organic fertilizer watermelon with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop of invention is relatively low, illustrates of the invention with anti- Control the subterranean pest-insects such as organic fertilizer energy effectively preventing cutworm, the mole cricket of diseases and pests of agronomic crop, and prevention droop, root The soil-borne diseases such as maize ear rot, the diseases and insect pests resistance of watermelon can be substantially increased using organic fertilizer of the invention.
Experiment two:
Milpa of the inventor in Nanning Heng County is tested, and test situation is as follows:
1st, the corn variety planted in milpa is:Sweet beautiful No. 1.
2nd, test process:
1. the organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop that treatment 1- is obtained using production in the embodiment of the present invention 1, every mu Using 135kg;
2. apply every mu of 10-10-10 inorganic composite fertilizers and apply 25kg;
3. applications of farmyard manure, every mu is applied the kg of night soil 550.
3rd, fertilizing method:Spread fertilizer over the fields, then, additional kg/ mus of the 10-10-10 inorganic composite fertilizers 25 of each treatment unification make base manure and apply With base manure is applied fertilizer by the way of spreading manuer in holes, and other dispositions of each treatment are consistent, 40 square metres of experimental plot area, 3 Secondary repetition.
4th, result of the test:
(1) apply the organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop of the invention and apply other fertilizer to the yield of corn with And influence to Corn diseases and insect pests is as shown in table 2 below:
Knowable to upper table 2, compared to conventional use of fertilizer, the organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop of the invention is used Material can improve the yield of corn, and effect of increasing production is obvious.And from the data in table 2, using of the invention with preventing and treating agriculture The cutworm insect pest incidence of the organic fertilizer milpa of crop disease and insect is relatively low, illustrates of the invention with preventing and treating crop disease The organic fertilizer energy effectively preventing of the insect pest cutworm subterranean pest-insect of milpa, and it is beautiful using organic fertilizer of the invention Rice banded sclerotial blight incidence is relatively low, and the diseases and insect pests resistance of corn can be substantially increased using organic fertilizer of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. it is a kind of with the organic fertilizer for preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop, it is characterised in that the raw material including following parts by weight:
25-30 parts of baeckea frutescen leaf;Tobacco powder 18-22 parts;10-15 parts of tea bran;Trifoliate jewelvine 3-5 parts;Filter mud of sugarcane 20-25 parts;Calcium lime powder 3-7 parts;Yeast juice 15-25 parts;Bacillus subtilis formulation 0.4-0.7 parts;0.4-0.7 parts of bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation.
2. it is according to claim 1 with the organic fertilizer for preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop, it is characterised in that bacillus subtilis The content specification of bacteria preparation and bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation strain is all more than 200,000,000 every gram effective bacterium.
3. it is according to claim 1 with the organic fertilizer for preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop, it is characterised in that its producer Method, comprises the following steps:
(1)Various raw material for standby are taken by weight, then premix baeckea frutescen leaf, tobacco powder, tea bran, trifoliate jewelvine and calcium lime powder, plus Enter yeast juice and mix, pile fermentation 10~15 days is obtained humus organic material material;
(2)Bacillus subtilis formulation and filter mud of sugarcane are mixed, pile fermentation 10~15 days is obtained the filter mud of sugarcane that becomes thoroughly decomposed;
(3)Bacillusmusilaginosiengineering preparation is mixed with humus organic material material obtained above and the filter mud of sugarcane that becomes thoroughly decomposed, that is, is obtained Organic fertilizer with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop.
4. according to claim 1 with the organic fertilizer for preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop, it is characterised in that:Described preventing and treating Crop disease and insect includes grub, wireworm, mole cricket, cutworm, powdery mildew, banded sclerotial blight and yellow droop.
CN201710066024.0A 2017-02-06 2017-02-06 Organic fertilizer and its production method with preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop Pending CN106866302A (en)

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CN107593313A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-19 博白县富山水果种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of high yield horseshoe
CN107637523A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-30 博白县富山水果种植专业合作社 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of horseshoe
CN107673902A (en) * 2017-11-25 2018-02-09 横县生产力促进中心 It is a kind of to match somebody with somebody fertile auxiliary material and its production method with expelling parasite and slow releasing function
CN107721709A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-23 罗世杏 Bovine bone powder biogas residue fermented organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108402084A (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-08-17 上海环垦生态科技股份有限公司 A kind of microbial bacterial agent and preparation method of prevention root disease
CN109608285A (en) * 2019-01-08 2019-04-12 秦丽 A kind of dedicated ecological bacterial manure of citrus and its production method
CN109608270A (en) * 2019-01-08 2019-04-12 秦丽 A kind of dedicated ecological bacterial manure of tealeaves and its production method
CN110511089A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-11-29 袁湖业 A kind of sugarcane bio-organic fertilizer special and its production method
CN110506762A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-11-29 覃涛 The preparation method for preventing and treating the medical fluid of curcuma zedoary pest and disease damage
CN113698250A (en) * 2021-10-18 2021-11-26 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所(广西亚热带农产品加工研究所) Sweet potato disease and pest biological control fertilizer and preparation method and application thereof
CN114436705A (en) * 2022-03-18 2022-05-06 河南省驻科生物科技有限公司 Liquid fertilizer for increasing yield and preventing and treating plant diseases and insect pests and preparation method thereof

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CN107721709A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-23 罗世杏 Bovine bone powder biogas residue fermented organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN107593313A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-19 博白县富山水果种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of high yield horseshoe
CN107637523A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-30 博白县富山水果种植专业合作社 A kind of method for culturing seedlings of horseshoe
CN107673902A (en) * 2017-11-25 2018-02-09 横县生产力促进中心 It is a kind of to match somebody with somebody fertile auxiliary material and its production method with expelling parasite and slow releasing function
CN108402084A (en) * 2018-01-24 2018-08-17 上海环垦生态科技股份有限公司 A kind of microbial bacterial agent and preparation method of prevention root disease
CN108402084B (en) * 2018-01-24 2020-08-11 上海环垦生态科技股份有限公司 Microbial agent for preventing and treating root diseases and preparation method thereof
CN109608285A (en) * 2019-01-08 2019-04-12 秦丽 A kind of dedicated ecological bacterial manure of citrus and its production method
CN109608270A (en) * 2019-01-08 2019-04-12 秦丽 A kind of dedicated ecological bacterial manure of tealeaves and its production method
CN110506762A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-11-29 覃涛 The preparation method for preventing and treating the medical fluid of curcuma zedoary pest and disease damage
CN110511089A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-11-29 袁湖业 A kind of sugarcane bio-organic fertilizer special and its production method
CN113698250A (en) * 2021-10-18 2021-11-26 广西壮族自治区亚热带作物研究所(广西亚热带农产品加工研究所) Sweet potato disease and pest biological control fertilizer and preparation method and application thereof
CN114436705A (en) * 2022-03-18 2022-05-06 河南省驻科生物科技有限公司 Liquid fertilizer for increasing yield and preventing and treating plant diseases and insect pests and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20170620