CN104163733B - A kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104163733B
CN104163733B CN201410420203.6A CN201410420203A CN104163733B CN 104163733 B CN104163733 B CN 104163733B CN 201410420203 A CN201410420203 A CN 201410420203A CN 104163733 B CN104163733 B CN 104163733B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
compost
weight
chinaberry
fermentation
garden mould
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201410420203.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104163733A (en
Inventor
贺登科
侯书呈
高喜民
宋素峰
王全秀
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DINGXIANG COUNTY DAMA PLANTING FARMER PROFESSION COOPERATIVES
Original Assignee
DINGXIANG COUNTY DAMA PLANTING FARMER PROFESSION COOPERATIVES
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by DINGXIANG COUNTY DAMA PLANTING FARMER PROFESSION COOPERATIVES filed Critical DINGXIANG COUNTY DAMA PLANTING FARMER PROFESSION COOPERATIVES
Priority to CN201410420203.6A priority Critical patent/CN104163733B/en
Publication of CN104163733A publication Critical patent/CN104163733A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104163733B publication Critical patent/CN104163733B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of balcony vegetable plantation compost made with organic fermentation batch mixing and garden mould etc. by bark of Melia azedarach L., belong to a kind of balcony planting vegetable plantation compost to the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control and fertility demand;Technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of containing natural insecticide plant Melia azedarach L. powder, and the chicken sheep stool fertilizer it become thoroughly decomposed with beneficial microbe, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer, garden mould etc. are mixed with into a kind of organic compost of new bio;The technical scheme adopted is: a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, including as follows with the raw material of the percentage by weight of dry state: margosa corium farinosum 0.2-0.8%, chicken manure 6-6.5%, sheep stool 15-15.5%, plant ash 1.2-2%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.0-1.5% and garden mould 74-76%.

Description

A kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of balcony vegetable plantation compost chicken manure, sheep stool, plant ash made with margosa corium farinosum, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and garden mould after probiotics fermention, belong to a kind of and meet the balcony planting vegetable plantation compost to the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control and fertility demand.
Background technology
Along with people are more and more higher for the attention rate of food safety, edible green, ecology, environmental protection, healthy organic vegetable, it has also become the common pursuit of people.And the characteristics such as convenient with it, economic, the safety of balcony planting vegetable are just becoming town-dweller-rural-family's preferred manner, in the urban of some developed countries, citizen utilize balcony culturing vegetable to form a kind of industry, and its degree of self-sufficiency is close to 50%.China's balcony vegetable plantation is started late, and along with the quickening of the novel Development of China's Urbanization of China, a lot of peasants are moved into building by one-storey house, and according to statistics, China's balcony vegetable plantation is at present with the speedup development of annual about 15%.Soil pathogenic bacteria and insect pest are the main causes causing balcony planting vegetable disease, the basal part of stem of disease main harm vegetable, root and leaf portion, mainly there are the insect pests such as aphid, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood, red spider, Pieris rapae, Holotrichia diomphalia Bates, soil is primarily present parasitic nematode, fungus, antibacterial and virus etc., cause plant sickness rate high, plant is usually withered, seriously up to 80%-90%.
Preventing and treating by soil infection process and balcony planting vegetable insect disease, the economic loss that minimizing balcony planting vegetable insect disease causes is one of balcony planting field difficult problem needing solution badly.
Research shows: the chinaberry element anti-feedant activity that chinaberry contains is high, and refusing to eat spectrum is wide, and a certain amount of chinaberry element can effectively prevent and treat more than 40 kinds important plant insects;Also have interference to cast off a skin, sterile, repellent rate etc. acts on;There is interior absorption, through root absorption, whole body can be transmitted to, make whole strain pest-resistant.Melia azedarach L. rich in chinaberry element the insect pests such as common aphid, Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood, red spider, Pieris rapae, Holotrichia diomphalia Bates are all had good prevention effect, the vegetable root disease that parasitic nematode, fungus, antibacterial and virus in soil are caused, also has good prevention effect such as droop, root knot nematode disease etc..To plant, the mankind, animal, beneficial insect and other biological non-toxicity, lasting medicine, after using, do not change the taste of product, size or outward appearance.China's Melia azedarach L. aboundresources, on the south the Yellow River, most area all grows margosa, the present invention develops Melia azedarach L. exactly and substitutes chemical insecticide in balcony vegetable plantation, the product that this is derived from nature is applied on balcony vegetable pests control, seeks a kind of cropping pattern to balcony Living environment safety of human being.
Recent year has some patented technology mandates utilizing chinaberry element preventing and treating planting vegetable disease.
The patent of invention that application number is CN1557788A is disclosed that a kind of biologic compound fertilizer containing chinaberry element and preparation method thereof.A kind of biologic compound fertilizer containing chinaberry element, adopt that aspergillus awamori, Mohs ball spore be mould, bacillus subtilis and geotrichum candidum as strain, strain makes mix bacterium agent according to 3: 1: 3: 2 after cultivating and expanding;According to weight proportion, after mix bacterium agent is mixed with organic compound, carbamide and ground phosphate rock, add chinaberry seed meal and make the biologic compound fertilizer containing chinaberry element.
This patented technology is mainly with outdoor farmland for main object, general need considers the fertilizer odor impact to surrounding air environment, and it is mainly composed of inorganic fertilizer, fertilizer efficiency relatively fertilizer persistency is not enough, penetrating odor is bigger, under balcony indoor human settlement requires, there is bigger problem in popularization and application.Additionally, this patent selects ripe chinaberry seed as raw material, also distinct with the neem bark that this patent is selected.Knowing according to domain knowledge, " chinaberry element exists only in melia plant bark, also has a small amount of distribution in fruit, " therefore, selects bark of Melia azedarach L. relatively fruit to have more effectiveness.
The preparation method of a kind of organic fertilizer raw material containing margosa of patent of invention separately having application publication number to be CN103896648A, discloses the seed utilizing margosa and leaves, the discarded base of edible fungi, cattle manure, bean cake and humic acids and ferments the fertilizer obtained through multiple high temp fermentation and 100 DEG C of steam.
" in the melia plant of deifferent regions.China the Toosendanin assay " of Zhang Minli etc. has drawn the conclusion of " Toosendanin exists only in melia plant bark, also has a small amount of distribution in fruit, and in Fructus Toosendan, the content of Toosendanin is not necessarily higher than Melia azedarach L. " through experiment.One skilled in the art will appreciate that chinaberry element heat stability is bad, it can reach 40% at 55 DEG C of degradation rates of seven days, and 65 DEG C of degradation rates of 1 day can reach 61%, and 65 DEG C of degradation rates of 3 days can reach 100%.Raw material and fermentation condition according to above-mentioned patent are it can be seen that although the consumption of its raw material chinaberry kind and Folium meliae is very big, but major part chinaberry element loss after multiple high temp ferments.Identical with aforementioned reason, this patent selects bark of Melia azedarach L. relatively this patent formula to select chinaberry seed and leaves more effectively and economy.
It is applied to scientific paper and the patented technology document of growing vegetables pesticide and disinfectant through investigating the disclosed chinaberry element that relates in a large number delivered, so far do not find to be combined into one Melia azedarach L. and traditional organic fertilizer, develop into the balcony vegetable plantation compost containing fertilizer with insecticidal function.
By organic plant Melia azedarach L. with fermentation accelerate the ripening organic fertilizer chicken sheep stool, plant ash, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and high-quality garden mould are combined into the organic insecticidal balcony vegetable plantation dedicated fertilizer with sterilization, insecticidal function, the demand of balcony vegetable growth nutrient can be met, can avoid again using toxic chemical insecticide, pollute to indoor environment, fill up the blank applied in balcony vegetable plantation field as biotype sterilization and disinsection medicament using Melia azedarach L..
Summary of the invention
The present invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of containing natural insecticide plant Melia azedarach L. powder, by chicken sheep stool fertilizer ripe to itself and beneficial microbe mycocriny, plant ash, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer, garden mould etc. are mixed with into a kind of organic compost of new bio.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, raw material including following percentage by weight: margosa corium farinosum 0.2-0.8%, chicken manure 6-6.5%, sheep stool 15-15.5%, plant ash 1.2-2%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.0-1.5% and garden mould 74-76%, described raw material is all with the weighing scale of dry state.
As preferably a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, raw material including following percentage by weight: margosa corium farinosum 0.3-0.5%, chicken manure 6.1-6.3%, sheep stool 15.1-15.3%, plant ash 1.5-1.7%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.0-1.2% and garden mould 75.4-75.6%.
The preparation method of a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, comprises the steps:
(1) after naturally being dried by bark of Melia azedarach L., removing impurity, being crushed to granularity 60-120 order, the margosa corium farinosum weighing required weight is standby;
(2) selecting appropriate garden mould, remove the impurity such as grass roots, be exposed to the sun 20-40 hour under sunlight, the garden mould weighing required weight after collection is standby;
(3) compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weighing required weight is standby;N, P, K content in described compound potassium sulfate fertilizer presses N, P2O5、K2O mass is calculated as N:P2O5: K2O=16:6:18, is not less than the 40% of compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weight by the total amount of three;
(4) dry chicken manure, sheep stool and plant ash are gone out according to required corresponding weight weighing, after three being sufficiently mixed, according to mixed material: EM such as gold bacterium stock solution=1000:1.5-2, adds EM as, after gold bacterium stock solution mixing, carried out compost fermentation;Fermentation condition is, temperature 45-50 DEG C, and fermentation materials moisture controls as 50-60%;Ferment 7-15 days, obtain the fermentation batch mixing of puffy, pitchy;
(5) the margosa corium farinosum in step (1)-(4), garden mould, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and fermentation batch mixing mix homogeneously are balcony vegetable plantation compost;
Above-mentioned corresponding weight is measure according to dried feed percentage by weight: margosa corium farinosum 0.2-0.8%, chicken manure 6-6.5%, sheep stool 15-15.5%, plant ash 1.2-2%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.0-1.5% and garden mould 74-76%.
Described EM as gold bacterium stock solution be EM is activated according to a conventional method such as gold bacterium after the EM that obtains such as gold bacterium.
In described step (4) in composting fermentation process, if moisture has exceeded 60%, it is possible to adding load weighted garden mould in some steps (2) and adjust the moisture of material, then the garden mould described in step (5) should be remaining garden mould.
The bark of Melia azedarach L. originating in Anhui that will buy, removes impurity, starts pulverizer after naturally drying, the chinaberry powder particles granularity after pulverizing is adjusted to 60-80 order;Select the packed compound potassium sulfate fertilizer originating in Luxi Chemical Group Co., Ltd.'s production stand-by;Select appropriate field plantation mellow soil, remove the impurity such as grass roots, be exposed to the sun under sunlight more than 20 hours stand-by;Select appropriate farmers' chicken sheep stool, remove impurity;Select the appropriate clean plant ash 1.5-1.7% of compost gross weight (plant ash account for).It is sufficiently mixed by stirring mixer;Select EM such as gold bacterium that Kang Yuan oasis, Beijing biology company limited produces, such as the active composite bacteria agent capable that gold probiotic bacteria stock solution is mainly made up of multiple-microorganisms such as photosynthetic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, yeast, actinomycetes, fertilizer can be effectively facilitated become thoroughly decomposed and plant root growth, activating soil.
(nutrient is dissolved → adds water (temperature adjusts 30-35 DEG C) → add such as sealing and fermenting in gold probiotic bacteria stock solution mix homogeneously → loading Plastic Drum by a small amount of hot water to activate EM such as gold bacterium.Fermentation preference temperature: 25-35 DEG C, fermentation time: 48-72 hour.Criterion such as gold probiotic bacteria " activation ": pH value less than 4.0, has sour-sweet taste.5-25 DEG C keeps in Dark Place, and is finished in 7 days.) obtain EM such as gold bacterium stock solution.
In the mixture of 1 ton of chicken sheep stool Yu plant ash join 1.5 kilograms of EM as gold bacterium stock solution ratio, will as gold bacterium activation solution uniformly be sprinkled into bank, puddle fermentation.Doing compost height between 1.5 meters to two meters, width 2-3 rice, length is more than 3 meters, and the size of fertile heap is not the major control condition of the present invention, and Fei Dui surface garden mould covers.Sweat notes suitable turning oxygen supply (temperature wants overturning several times when rising to 50 DEG C or be above), heats up and controls at about 50 DEG C.The moisture Control of fermentation materials is at 50-60%.Adjust material moisture: moisture is too high adds dry garden mould etc..Whether moisture properly judges way: hand-tight grab a material, webs water breakthrough print but do not drip, land and namely dissipate.Sweat completes for 7-15 days.Formed puffy, in pitchy, slightly wine flavour or Earthy Taste.
Proportioning mixes.Start stirring mixer, by the above-mentioned bark of Melia azedarach L. powder prepared, the chicken manure after fermentation, sheep stool, plant ash, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and garden mould are sufficiently mixed according to aforementioned weight percentage ratio or preferred weight percent, eventually forming pH value is 5.5-8.5, it is preferable that the compost of pH value 6-8.
Subpackage uses.The above-mentioned compost prepared is determined every bag of quality according to special balcony vegetable plantation incubator volume, loads the plastic bag sealed and to add outer package standby.Outer package is printed and is illustrated: compost title, composition, weight, using method, date of manufacture, effect duration, production firm, contact method.This compost is inserted when user carries out balcony vegetable plantation supporting special balcony vegetable plantation incubator operate according to explanation.
It has been experienced that, the compost prepared with this technical method, all kinds of vegetable of the balcony planting demand to nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and other multiple nutrients materials can be met, chinaberry element preventing and treating vegetable insect disease can be utilized again by biological method, avoid spraying pest control with insecticide medicament balcony human settlement and form the healthy injury to people, be effectively improved balcony vegetable plantation yield and quality.
Compared with prior art the invention have the advantages that.
The compost of the present invention both can meet the preventing and treating to vegetable insect disease of the balcony planting vegetable, the vegetable demand to all kinds of necessary nutrient such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium can be met again, this compost avoids general fertilizers intense stimulus taste, and do not need to use pest control with insecticide medicament, substantially stopped to pollute to indoor environment, compost water-retaining property, good air permeability, suitable balcony human settlement's planting vegetable uses.
The compost of the present invention can support balcony planting Vegetables 2 years.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
In following example, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer used is the potassium sulfate compound fertilizer material that Luxi Chemical Group Co., Ltd. produces, and it is mainly composed of: N16%, P2O56%, K2O18%, total nutritional labeling >=40%.Execution standard: GB15063-2009, this fertilizer obtains Famous Chinese Brand, has passed through environmental and ecological fertilizer certification, is the non-harmful concentration punching fertilising of environmental protection.
EM used in following example is gained after the EM selecting Kang Yuan oasis, Beijing biology company limited to produce activates such as gold bacterium such as gold bacterium stock solution.The active composite bacteria agent capable that EM is mainly made up of multiple-microorganisms such as photosynthetic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, yeast, actinomycetes such as gold bacterium, it is possible to effectively facilitating fertilizer becomes thoroughly decomposed and plant root growth, activating soil, improves soil compaction.Activiation method method conventionally or in foregoing summary.
The fermentation batch mixing formed in following example meets the technical specification in following table:
Embodiment 1
The preparation method of a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, comprises the steps:
(1) after naturally being dried by bark of Melia azedarach L., removing impurity, being crushed to granularity 60-80 order, the margosa corium farinosum weighing required weight is standby;
(2) selecting appropriate garden mould, remove the impurity such as grass roots, be exposed to the sun 20 hours under sunlight, the garden mould weighing required weight after collection is standby;
(3) compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weighing required weight is standby;
(4) dry chicken manure, sheep stool and plant ash are gone out according to required corresponding weight weighing, after three being sufficiently mixed, according to mixed material: EM such as gold bacterium stock solution=1000:1.5, adds EM as, after gold bacterium stock solution mixing, carried out compost fermentation;Fermentation condition is, temperature 45-50 DEG C, and fermentation materials moisture controls as 50-60%;Ferment 10 days, obtain the fermentation batch mixing of puffy, pitchy;
(5) the margosa corium farinosum in step (1)-(4), garden mould, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and fermentation batch mixing mix homogeneously are balcony vegetable plantation compost;
Above-mentioned corresponding weight is according to dried feed weight percent meter: margosa corium farinosum 0.4%, chicken manure 6.2%, sheep stool 15.2%, plant ash 1.6%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.1% and garden mould 75.5%.
Contrast test
A group: adopt embodiment 1 compost at balcony planting Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, fresh kidney beans and Fructus Solani melongenae.Growing vegetables test has been carried out by Lu township Gao Cun, county town, Dingxiang, Shanxi Province and Xinzhou's urban, Shanxi Province totally 15 place's building balconies (often place's 3 incubators of building balcony planting experiment amount to 45 incubators of test) balcony respectively in Dingxiang County, location Shanxi Province of cooperative society.
B group: adopt general soil to add common farm manure, plantation Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, fresh kidney beans and Fructus Solani melongenae.Respectively in Dingxiang County, location Shanxi Province of cooperative society by Lu township Gao Cun, county town, Dingxiang, Shanxi Province and Xinzhou's urban, Shanxi Province totally 15 place's building balconies (often place's 3 incubators of building balcony planting experiment amount to 45 incubators of test).
Contrast test adopts identical vegetable seedling, same management.
It has been experienced that: compared with cultivating with tradition, adopt the compost of the present invention, vegetable seedling survival rate is more than 96%, produce overall process without spraying insecticide, do not find the pest and disease damage harmful effect to vegetable growth, soil fertilizer water conservation and permeability are good, the thick leaf of vegetable plant strain stem is big, fruit bearing rate is high, yield of vegetables relatively Nostoc commune Vanch soil improves 17%-20%, the fruit colours such as Fructus Lycopersici esculenti are good, head is big, taste is fresh, particularly safety and environmental protection, it is to avoid spray chemistry deinsectization medicament balcony human settlement and form the healthy injury to people.And the vegetable of corresponding Nostoc commune Vanch soil plantation, situation and the underproduction of the withered pathological changes of vegetable plant strain is occurred in that to some extent when not spraying insecticide.
Embodiment 2
The preparation method of a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, comprises the steps:
(1) after naturally being dried by bark of Melia azedarach L., removing impurity, being crushed to granularity 100-120 order, the margosa corium farinosum weighing required weight is standby;
(2) selecting appropriate garden mould, remove the impurity such as grass roots, be exposed to the sun 24 hours under sunlight, the garden mould weighing required weight after collection is standby;
(3) compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weighing required weight is standby;
(4) dry chicken manure, sheep stool and plant ash are gone out according to required corresponding weight weighing, after three being sufficiently mixed, according to mixed material: EM such as gold bacterium stock solution=1000:1.5, adds EM as, after gold bacterium stock solution mixing, carried out compost fermentation;Fermentation condition is, temperature 45-50 DEG C, and fermentation materials moisture controls as 50-60%;Ferment 12 days, obtain the fermentation batch mixing of puffy, pitchy;
(5) the margosa corium farinosum in step (1)-(4), garden mould, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and fermentation batch mixing mix homogeneously are balcony vegetable plantation compost;
Above-mentioned corresponding weight is according to dried feed weight percent meter: margosa corium farinosum 0.4%, chicken manure 6.1%, sheep stool 15.3%, plant ash 1.6%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.1% and garden mould 75.5%.
Contrast test
A group: adopt compost of the present invention at balcony planting Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae, Herba Spinaciae, Herba Apii graveolentis.Growing vegetables test has been carried out by Lu township Gao Cun, county town, Dingxiang, Shanxi Province and Xinzhou's urban, Shanxi Province totally 15 place's building balconies (often place's 3 incubators of building balcony planting experiment amount to 45 incubators of test) balcony respectively in Dingxiang County, location Shanxi Province of cooperative society.
B group: adopt general soil to add common farm manure, plant Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae, Herba Spinaciae, Herba Apii graveolentis.Respectively in Dingxiang County, location Shanxi Province of cooperative society by Lu township Gao Cun, county town, Dingxiang, Shanxi Province and Xinzhou's urban, Shanxi Province totally 15 place's building balconies (often place's 3 incubators of building balcony planting experiment amount to 45 incubators of test).
Contrast test adopts identical vegetable seedling, same management.
It has been experienced that: compared with tradition compost, the compost prepared with this technical method, germination rate of vegetable seeds is more than 98%, produce overall process without spraying insecticide, do not find the pest and disease damage harmful effect to vegetable growth, soil fertilizer water conservation and permeability are good, the thick leaf of vegetable plant strain stem is big, yield of vegetables relatively Nostoc commune Vanch soil improves 15%-18%, the rhizomes such as Caulis et Folium Lactucae Sativae are sturdy, blade face is generous, particularly safety and environmental protection, it is to avoid sprays chemistry deinsectization medicament balcony human settlement and forms the healthy injury to people.And the vegetable of corresponding Nostoc commune Vanch soil plantation, situation and the underproduction of the withered pathological changes of vegetable plant strain is occurred in that to some extent when not spraying insecticide.
Embodiment 3
The preparation method of a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, comprises the steps:
(1) after naturally being dried by bark of Melia azedarach L., removing impurity, being crushed to granularity 100-120 order, the margosa corium farinosum weighing required weight is standby;
(2) selecting appropriate garden mould, remove the impurity such as grass roots, be exposed to the sun 24 hours under sunlight, the garden mould weighing required weight after collection is standby;
(3) compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weighing required weight is standby;
(4) dry chicken manure, sheep stool and plant ash are gone out according to required corresponding weight weighing, after three being sufficiently mixed, according to mixed material: EM such as gold bacterium stock solution=1000:1.5, adds EM as, after gold bacterium stock solution mixing, carried out compost fermentation;Fermentation condition is, temperature 45-50 DEG C, and fermentation materials moisture controls as 50-60%;Ferment 14 days, obtain the fermentation batch mixing of puffy, pitchy;
(5) the margosa corium farinosum in step (1)-(4), garden mould, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and fermentation batch mixing mix homogeneously are balcony vegetable plantation compost;
Above-mentioned corresponding weight is according to dried feed weight percent meter: margosa corium farinosum 0.4%, chicken manure 6.3%, sheep stool 15.0%, plant ash 1.6%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.2% and garden mould 75.5%.
Comparability test
A group: adopt compost of the present invention in balcony planting Rhizoma Solani tuber osi, Radix Dauci Sativae, Bulbus Allii.Growing vegetables test has been carried out by Lu township Gao Cun, county town, Dingxiang, Shanxi Province and Xinzhou's urban, Shanxi Province totally 15 place's building balconies (often place's 3 incubators of building balcony planting experiment amount to 45 incubators of test) balcony respectively in Dingxiang County, location Shanxi Province of cooperative society.
B group: adopt general soil to add common farm manure, plantation Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, fresh kidney beans and Fructus Solani melongenae.Respectively in Dingxiang County, location Shanxi Province of cooperative society by Lu township Gao Cun, county town, Dingxiang, Shanxi Province and Xinzhou's urban, Shanxi Province totally 15 place's building balconies (often place's 3 incubators of building balcony planting experiment amount to 45 incubators of test).
Contrast test adopts identical vegetable seeds, and same watering waits and manage.
It has been experienced that: compared with tradition compost, adopt the compost containing chinaberry element and bio-organic fertilizer, germination rate of vegetable seeds is more than 95%, produce overall process without spraying insecticide, do not find that the pest and disease damage harmful effect to vegetable growth, soil fertilizer water conservation and permeability are good, the thick leaf of vegetable plant strain stem is big, the yield of vegetables such as Radix Dauci Sativae relatively Nostoc commune Vanch soil improves 13%-15%, particularly safety and environmental protection, it is to avoid sprays chemistry deinsectization medicament balcony human settlement and forms the healthy injury to people.And the vegetable of corresponding Nostoc commune Vanch soil plantation, situation and the underproduction of the withered pathological changes of vegetable plant strain is occurred in that to some extent when not spraying insecticide.
Embodiment 4
The preparation method of a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, comprises the steps:
(1) after naturally being dried by bark of Melia azedarach L., removing impurity, being crushed to granularity 60-120 order, the margosa corium farinosum weighing required weight is standby;
(2) selecting appropriate garden mould, remove the impurity such as grass roots, be exposed to the sun 20-40 hour under sunlight, the garden mould weighing required weight after collection is standby;
(3) compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weighing required weight is standby;
(4) dry chicken manure, sheep stool and plant ash are gone out according to required corresponding weight weighing, after three being sufficiently mixed, according to mixed material: EM such as gold bacterium stock solution=1000:2, adds EM as, after gold bacterium stock solution mixing, carried out compost fermentation;Fermentation condition is, temperature 45-50 DEG C, and fermentation materials moisture controls as 50-60%;Ferment 15 days, obtain the fermentation batch mixing of puffy, pitchy;
(5) the margosa corium farinosum in step (1)-(4), garden mould, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and fermentation batch mixing mix homogeneously are balcony vegetable plantation compost;
Above-mentioned corresponding weight is according to dried feed weight percent meter: margosa corium farinosum 0.7%, chicken manure 6.5%, sheep stool 15.5%, plant ash 1.8%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.5% and garden mould 74%.
Embodiment 5
The preparation method of a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, comprises the steps:
(1) by after bark of Melia azedarach L. nature airing, removal impurity, being crushed to granularity 60-120 order, the margosa corium farinosum weighing required weight is standby;
(2) selecting appropriate garden mould, remove the impurity such as grass roots, be exposed to the sun 20-40 hour under sunlight, the garden mould weighing required weight after collection is standby;
(3) compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weighing required weight is standby;
(4) dry chicken manure, sheep stool and plant ash are gone out according to required corresponding weight weighing, after three being sufficiently mixed, according to mixed material: EM such as gold bacterium stock solution=1000:1.8, adds EM as, after gold bacterium stock solution mixing, carried out compost fermentation;Fermentation condition is, temperature 45-50 DEG C, and fermentation materials moisture controls as 50-60%;Ferment 7 days, obtain the fermentation batch mixing of puffy, pitchy;
(5) the margosa corium farinosum in step (1)-(4), garden mould, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and fermentation batch mixing mix homogeneously are balcony vegetable plantation compost;
Above-mentioned corresponding weight is according to dried feed weight percent meter: margosa corium farinosum 0.8%, chicken manure 6%, sheep stool 15%, plant ash 2%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.2% and garden mould 75%.
Embodiment 6
The preparation method of a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, comprises the steps:
(1) after naturally being dried by bark of Melia azedarach L., removing impurity, being crushed to granularity 60-120 order, the margosa corium farinosum weighing required weight is standby;
(2) selecting appropriate garden mould, remove the impurity such as grass roots, be exposed to the sun 20-40 hour under sunlight, the garden mould weighing required weight after collection is standby;
(3) compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weighing required weight is standby;
(4) dry chicken manure, sheep stool and plant ash are gone out according to required corresponding weight weighing, after three being sufficiently mixed, according to mixed material: EM such as gold bacterium stock solution=1000:1.5, adds EM as, after gold bacterium stock solution mixing, carried out compost fermentation;Fermentation condition is, temperature 45-50 DEG C, and fermentation materials moisture controls as 50-60%;Ferment 9 days, obtain the fermentation batch mixing of puffy, pitchy;
(5) the margosa corium farinosum in step (1)-(4), garden mould, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and fermentation batch mixing mix homogeneously are balcony vegetable plantation compost;
Above-mentioned corresponding weight is according to dried feed weight percent meter: margosa corium farinosum 0.2%, chicken manure 6.5%, sheep stool 15.1%, plant ash 1.2%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.0% and garden mould 76%.
Embodiment 7
The preparation method of a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, comprises the steps:
(1) by after bark of Melia azedarach L. drying, removal impurity, being crushed to granularity 60-120 order, the margosa corium farinosum weighing required weight is standby;
(2) selecting appropriate garden mould, remove the impurity such as grass roots, be exposed to the sun 20-40 hour under sunlight, the garden mould weighing required weight after collection is standby;
(3) compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weighing required weight is standby;
(4) dry chicken manure, sheep stool and plant ash are gone out according to required corresponding weight weighing, after three being sufficiently mixed, according to mixed material: EM such as gold bacterium stock solution=1000:1.8, adds EM as, after gold bacterium stock solution mixing, carried out compost fermentation;Fermentation condition is, temperature 45-50 DEG C, and fermentation materials moisture controls as 50-60%;Ferment 7 days, obtain the fermentation batch mixing of puffy, pitchy;
(5) the margosa corium farinosum in step (1)-(4), garden mould, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and fermentation batch mixing mix homogeneously are balcony vegetable plantation compost;
Above-mentioned corresponding weight is according to dried feed weight percent meter: margosa corium farinosum 0.3%, chicken manure 6.3%, sheep stool 15.3%, plant ash 1.7%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.0% and garden mould 75.4%.
Embodiment 8
The preparation method of a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, comprises the steps:
(1) after being dried by bark of Melia azedarach L., removing impurity, being crushed to granularity 60-120 order, the margosa corium farinosum weighing required weight is standby;
(2) selecting appropriate garden mould, remove the impurity such as grass roots, be exposed to the sun 20-40 hour under sunlight, the garden mould weighing required weight after collection is standby;
(3) compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weighing required weight is standby;
(4) dry chicken manure, sheep stool and plant ash are gone out according to required corresponding weight weighing, after three being sufficiently mixed, according to mixed material: EM such as gold bacterium stock solution=1000:1.5, adds EM as, after gold bacterium stock solution mixing, carried out compost fermentation;Fermentation condition is, temperature 45-50 DEG C, and fermentation materials moisture controls as 50-60%;Ferment 9 days, obtain the fermentation batch mixing of puffy, pitchy;
(5) the margosa corium farinosum in step (1)-(4), garden mould, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and fermentation batch mixing mix homogeneously are balcony vegetable plantation compost;
Above-mentioned corresponding weight is according to dried feed weight percent meter: margosa corium farinosum 0.5%, chicken manure 6.2%, sheep stool 15.1%, plant ash 1.5%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.1% and garden mould 75.6%.
The present invention can summarizing without prejudice to the spirit of the present invention or the concrete form of principal character with other.Therefore, no matter from which point, the embodiment above of the present invention all can only think that the description of the invention can not limit invention, claims indicate the scope of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not pointed out in above-mentioned explanation, therefore, any change in the implication suitable with claims of the present invention and scope, all it is considered as being included in the scope of claims.

Claims (9)

1. the organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element, it is characterized in that including the raw material of following percentage by weight: margosa corium farinosum 0.2-0.8%, chicken manure 6-6.5%, sheep stool 15-15.5%, plant ash 1.2-2%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.0-1.5% and garden mould 74-76%;
Described chicken manure, sheep stool and plant ash ferment before use, the method of fermentation is: after chicken manure, sheep stool and plant ash being mixed in proportion, leaven is added by mixed material, particularly as follows: by EM as gold bacterium stock solution is added in said mixture material according to weight ratio 1.5-2:1000, mixed material and leaven mix laggard row compost fermentation thoroughly 7-15 days, obtain the fermentation batch mixing of puffy, pitchy.
2. a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element according to claim 1, it is characterized in that including the raw material of following percentage by weight: margosa corium farinosum 0.3-0.5%, chicken manure 6.1-6.3%, sheep stool 15.1-15.3%, plant ash 1.5-1.7%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.0-1.2% and garden mould 75.4-75.6%.
3. a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the granularity of described margosa corium farinosum is 60-120 order.
4. a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the condition of described compost fermentation is: compost height 1.5-2m, wide 2-3m, long > 3m;Fermentation materials moisture controls at 50-60%, and temperature controls at 45-50 DEG C.
5. a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that N, P, K content in described compound potassium sulfate fertilizer presses N, P2O5、K2O mass is calculated as N:P2O5: K2O=16:6:18, is not less than the 40% of compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weight by the total amount of three.
6. a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that described garden mould uses front through solar exposure more than 24 hours.
7. the preparation method containing the organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation of chinaberry element, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
(1) after naturally being dried by bark of Melia azedarach L., removing impurity, being crushed to granularity 60-120 order, the margosa corium farinosum weighing required weight is standby;
(2) selecting appropriate garden mould, remove impurity, be exposed to the sun 20-40 hour under sunlight, the garden mould weighing required weight after collection is standby;
(3) compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weighing required weight is standby;N, P, K content in described compound potassium sulfate fertilizer presses N, P2O5、K2O mass is calculated as N:P2O5: K2O=16:6:18, is not less than the 40% of compound potassium sulfate fertilizer weight by the total amount of three;
(4) going out dry chicken manure, sheep stool and plant ash according to required corresponding weight weighing, after three being sufficiently mixed, with mixed material for radix, EM, if gold bacterium stock solution is according to 1.5-2:1000, after adding mixing, carries out compost fermentation;Fermentation condition is, temperature 45-50 DEG C, and fermentation materials moisture controls as 50-60%;Ferment 7-15 days, obtain the fermentation batch mixing of puffy, pitchy;
(5) the margosa corium farinosum in step (1)-(4), garden mould, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer and fermentation batch mixing mix homogeneously are balcony vegetable plantation compost;
Above-mentioned corresponding weight is by being measured according to dried feed percentage by weight: margosa corium farinosum 0.2-0.8%, chicken manure 6-6.5%, sheep stool 15-15.5%, plant ash 1.2-2%, compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 1.0-1.5% and garden mould 74-76%.
8. a kind of preparation method of the organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: described EM as gold bacterium stock solution be EM is activated according to a conventional method such as gold bacterium after the EM that obtains such as gold bacterium stock solution.
9. the preparation method of a kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: in described step (4) in composting fermentation process, if moisture has exceeded 60%, can adding load weighted garden mould in some steps (2) and adjust the moisture of material, the garden mould described in step (5) should be remaining garden mould afterwards.
CN201410420203.6A 2014-08-25 2014-08-25 A kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element and preparation method thereof Active CN104163733B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410420203.6A CN104163733B (en) 2014-08-25 2014-08-25 A kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410420203.6A CN104163733B (en) 2014-08-25 2014-08-25 A kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element and preparation method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104163733A CN104163733A (en) 2014-11-26
CN104163733B true CN104163733B (en) 2016-07-06

Family

ID=51907738

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410420203.6A Active CN104163733B (en) 2014-08-25 2014-08-25 A kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element and preparation method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104163733B (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106034685A (en) * 2016-06-21 2016-10-26 德江县绿通天麻发展有限公司 Method for planting Gastrodia elata by using pine needles
CN106718275B (en) * 2016-12-08 2020-05-05 河海大学 Porous ecological concrete plant-growing base material and preparation method and application thereof
CN108911831A (en) * 2017-04-15 2018-11-30 武鸣县南方制绳厂 A kind of sisal hemp compost and preparation method thereof
CN108812188A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-11-16 合肥卓畅农业科技有限公司 A kind of disease prevention compost and preparation method thereof for balcony vegetables
CN109678578A (en) * 2018-12-01 2019-04-26 贵州省贵福生态肥业有限公司 A kind of waste edible fungus bacteria stick prepares seed and sprouts nutritional agents and preparation method thereof

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS57141222A (en) * 1981-02-24 1982-09-01 Topy Ind Preparation of culture soil for vegetable and flower plant
CN101683064B (en) * 2009-07-10 2011-06-01 周信义 Soilless culture substrate and application thereof
CN103896648A (en) * 2012-12-29 2014-07-02 天津市金三农农业科技开发有限公司 Method for preparing organic fertilizer raw material containing neem
CN103613457A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-05 青岛东颐锦禾农业科技有限公司 Preparation method of nursery site medium for planting organic vegetable
CN103609360A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-05 青岛东颐锦禾农业科技有限公司 Nursery site substrate for planting organic vegetables

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104163733A (en) 2014-11-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104163733B (en) A kind of organic compost of balcony vegetable plantation containing chinaberry element and preparation method thereof
CN101874445B (en) Method for culturing organic Chinese chives
CN104151020A (en) Organic fertilizer from fermented manure and preparation method of organic fertilizer
CN103864510A (en) Controlled-release compound pesticide fertilizer
CN103319250B (en) Microbial fertilizer specially used for magnolia officinalis powdery mildew
CN106613488A (en) Seedling growing feeding block and preparation method thereof
CN105367217A (en) Compound microorganism humic acid fertilizer special for organic cultivation and preparation method thereof
CN102199049A (en) Microbial organic manure and preparation method thereof
CN103875491B (en) A kind of organic scented rice implantation methods
CN107691125A (en) A kind of green nourishing capsicum good quality and high output implantation methods
CN106365928A (en) Base fertilizer for gerbera jamesonii planting and preparation method thereof
CN110054530A (en) A kind of compound organic green manure of apple tree and preparation method thereof
CN103274837B (en) A kind of Polyelement organic wintersweet compound fertilizer
CN103274834A (en) Special insecticidal sterilizing microbial fertilizer for garlic and preparation method thereof
CN103992192A (en) Microbial compound fertilizer using fermented Zizania aquatica leaves as matrix and preparation method thereof
CN107628886A (en) A kind of special micro-balance Eco-fertilizer of yellow peach and preparation method thereof
CN104628449A (en) Orchid cultivation substrate and preparing method thereof
CN106348916A (en) Special biological fertilizer for moso bamboo with drought resistance and moisture retention effects and production method thereof
CN108450273A (en) The method that salt-soda soil plants rose and improves clay fertilizer situation
CN103980020B (en) The biological organic fertilizer that a kind of decomposing microbial inoculum and natural organic matter material produce
CN106134708A (en) A kind of implantation methods of cabbage mustard
CN105399512A (en) Compound fertilizer special for quercus fabri Hance and preparation method
CN101700989B (en) Biological organic fertilizer capable of killing underground pests
CN107641010A (en) A kind of Rice Ecology special fertilizer
CN106900769A (en) The growth regulating composition and its application process of bulbus fritillariae cirrhosae

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant