CN106747933A - A kind of Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106747933A
CN106747933A CN201611039922.9A CN201611039922A CN106747933A CN 106747933 A CN106747933 A CN 106747933A CN 201611039922 A CN201611039922 A CN 201611039922A CN 106747933 A CN106747933 A CN 106747933A
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parts
cucumber
culture medium
weight
organic fertilizer
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冷鹏
周绪元
张永涛
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Linyi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Linyi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/32Ranunculaceae [Buttercup family], e.g. hepatica, hydrastis or goldenseal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C9/00Fertilisers containing urea or urea compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/50Treatments combining two or more different biological or biochemical treatments, e.g. anaerobic and aerobic treatment or vermicomposting and aerobic treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber and preparation method thereof, belong to organic fertilizer technical field.The fertilizer is made up of cattle and sheep excrement, maize straw, peanut seedling, the fibert dregs of rice, humic acid, brown sugar, EM bacteria agent, the coptis, honeysuckle, cordate houttuynia, Radix Isatidis, urea, trace element, attapulgite, sepiolite powder, soil conditioner, complex micro organism fungicide according to certain weight proportion;The fertilizer has abundant nutrient, meets the nutrient demand in cucumber growth each period, can be effectively improved soil physico-chemical property, strengthens the ability of soil water-reataining fertilizer-keeping, prevents the generation of the various physiological disturbances of plant, effectively improves the yield and quality of cucumber.

Description

A kind of Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of biological organic fertilizer, specifically a kind of Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber and its preparation side Method.
Background technology
Cucumber, (scientific name Cucumis sativus Linn, English name Cucumber), Curcurbitaceae cucumber plants.Also referred to as Cucumber, green cucumber.Fruit color is in glossy dark green or emerald green, and there is the spinule of softness on surface.Cucumber is the masses that there is cultivation all parts of the country Change vegetables, its fruit has peculiar flavour, both raw-eaten, ripe can eat again, can also be processed into various salted vegetables etc., be to be liked by masses deeply A kind of joyous fruit and vegetable.Contain 0.6~0.8 gram of protein in every 100 grams of cucumber, fatty 0.2 gram, 1.6~2.0 grams of carbohydrate, 0.4~0.5 gram of ash content, 15~19 milligrams of calcium, 29~33 milligrams of phosphorus, 0.2~1.1 milligram of iron, 0.2~0.3 milligram of carrotene, 0.02~0.04 milligram of thiamine, 0.04~0.4 milligram of riboflavin, 0.2~0.3 milligram of niacin, the milli of ascorbic acid 4~11 Gram.Additionally, also containing glucose, rhamnose, galactolipin, mannose, wooden rice sugar, fructose, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, various dissociating Amino acid and volatile oil, cucurbitacin, cucumber chitinase etc..Containing abundant vitamin E in cucumber, can play and promote longevity, it is anti-ageing Old effect;Cucumber chitinase in cucumber, there is very strong bioactivity, can be effectively facilitated the metabolism of body.Smash with cucumber Juice embrocates skin, there is moisturizing, unfolds wrinkle effect.The cucurbitacin C contained in cucumber has the effect for improving immune function of human body, Reach antitumor purpose.Additionally, the material can also treat chronic hepatitis and metastatic hepatitis, there is extension to Patients with Primary Life cycle acts on.Thus, cucumber has listed the anticancer recipe among people's ordinary meal in by various countries nutritionist, as people's happiness One of vegetables of love, planting range gradually expands, cultivated area increases year by year.But existing cucumber is in process of production, mostly Number growers for the high yield that covets, the increasing dose and chemical pesticide usage amount of blindness, organic matter contains in causing soil Amount is reduced, nutrient loss, and soil acidification, hardened, the plant recovery of nutrient such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium is not high, and soil flora is unbalance, bioactivity Reduce, harmful bacteria and harmful substance increase, soil fertility degradation, and plant dependence strengthens, resistance weakens, and easily receives Pest and disease damage is attacked, and yield is also greatly decreased.And a large amount of chemical fertilizer and indiscriminate use of pesticide, the burden of peasant had both been increased, agriculture is caused again The substantial increase of the harmful substance such as chemical residue, has a strong impact on yield and quality and the personal safety of cucumber in product.Additionally, Common inorganic composite fertilizer is typically with during green cucumber to be used in combination with farm manure, and is repeatedly topdressed or sprayed foliar fertilizer etc. just Formula is planted, fertilization mode complex steps and nutrients release is unbalanced, and this would generally be abnormal caused by nutritional ingredient unbalanced supply-demand Shape melon is more, and yellow leaf, only seedling long do not tie melon etc., and these all cause the serious underproduction reduction of income of cucumber.Thus how to select one Kind can increase production and soil quality can be effectively improved and the nutrients release special biological organic fertilizer of suitable cucumber in a balanced way, as Huang Melon grower's urgent problem.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber, the biological organic fertilizer has abundant nutrition Element, meets the nutrient demand in cucumber growth each period, can be effectively improved soil physico-chemical property, enhancing soil water-reataining fertilizer-keeping Ability, prevents the generation of the various physiological disturbances of plant, effectively improves the yield and quality of cucumber.
Present invention also offers a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber, the method is simple and easy to apply, system Standby product is high-quality and efficient, with low cost, is suitable to large-scale production.
A kind of Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber, it is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:60-80 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, jade Rice 200-250 parts of stalk, peanut seedling 100-200 parts, 100-120 parts of the fibert dregs of rice, humic acid 5-10 parts, brown sugar 3-5 parts, EM bacteria agent 3-5 parts, coptis 10-20 parts, honeysuckle 10-20 parts, cordate houttuynia 20-30 parts, Radix Isatidis 10-20 parts, urea 2-5 parts, micro unit Plain 3-5 parts, attapulgite 6-15 parts, sepiolite powder 10-20 parts, soil conditioner 8-15 parts, complex micro organism fungicide 20-30 Part;
The trace element is zinc-amino acid chelate:Chelating amino acids boron:Amino acid chelated magnesium:Chelating amino acids molybdenum:Ammonia Base acid chelated iron is according to 1:1:2:0.3:0.5 weight is than composition;
The soil conditioner is diatomite:Tourmaline:Plant ash:Polyacrylamide is according to 5:1:8:0.2 weight ratio It is made;
The complex micro organism fungicide is prepared by the following method:Paecilomyces lilacinus, Bacillus natto, silicate is thin Cultivate 16 hours after bacterium, Dipel activation in the liquid seed culture medium at 25 DEG C respectively, then according to 35 ‰ inoculation Amount is transferred in sterilized big tank culture medium, after being cultivated 25 hours at 30 DEG C, by each strain according to mass ratio 1:1:2:2 compounding and Into.
The liquid seed culture medium is that mass ratio is 12:5:8:3:15:800 peptone, beef extract, glucose, chlorine Change sodium, agar, sterilized water;The big tank culture medium is that mass ratio is 240:50:350:350:80:8:2500 peptone, ox Meat extract, sucrose, corn flour, starch, potassium dihydrogen phosphate and sterilized water;The pH of the liquid seed culture medium and big tank culture medium is 7.1。
Preferably, described Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber, it is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Cattle and sheep excrement 70 Part, 230 parts of maize straw, 150 parts of peanut seedling, 110 parts of the fibert dregs of rice, 8 parts of humic acid, 4 parts of brown sugar, 4 parts of EM bacteria agent, the coptis 15 Part, 15 parts of honeysuckle, 25 parts of cordate houttuynia, 15 parts of Radix Isatidis, 4 parts of urea, 4 parts of trace element, 10 parts of attapulgite, sepiolite powder 15 parts, 12 parts of soil conditioner, 25 parts of complex micro organism fungicide.
The preparation method of above-mentioned Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber, it is comprised the following steps:
(1) the water immersion 1 of 5 times of gross weight is added after mixing the coptis, honeysuckle, cordate houttuynia, Radix Isatidis according to weight portion ~2 hours, rear big fire is decocted to boiling changed slow fire continuation decoction 30 minutes, and filtrate is taken after filtering;Then add again in filter residue Enter 5 times of water of its weight, decocted to boiling with big fire and change small fire decoction 30 minutes, filter to take filtrate, merge filtrate twice and obtain Standby to Chinese medicine extract, filter residue separates standby;
(2) will be trained in liquid seeds respectively after Paecilomyces lilacinus, Bacillus natto, silicate bacteria, Dipel activation Cultivated 16 hours at 25 DEG C in foster base, be then transferred in sterilized big tank culture medium according to 35 ‰ inoculum concentration, in 30 DEG C of trainings After supporting 25 hours, by each strain according to mass ratio 1:1:2:2 compoundings form to obtain complex micro organism fungicide, standby;The liquid strain Sub- culture medium is that mass ratio is 12:5:8:3:15:800 peptone, beef extract, glucose, sodium chloride, agar, sterilized water;Institute Big tank culture medium is stated for mass ratio is 240:50:350:350:80:8:2500 peptone, beef extract, sucrose, corn flour, shallow lake Powder, potassium dihydrogen phosphate and sterilized water;The pH of the liquid seed culture medium and big tank culture medium is 7.1;
(3) by remaining Chinese medicine filter in cattle and sheep excrement, maize straw, peanut seedling, humic acid, the fibert dregs of rice and step (1) Slag mixes in adding fermentation tank according to weight portion, is then uniformly sprayed at step (1) preparation-obtained Chinese medicine extract mixed Surface of material is closed, after stirring, is acted on 20-30 minutes under normal temperature;
(4) by formula ratio brown sugar and water according to 5:1 weight is made into brown sugar water than mixed dissolution, then by formula ratio EM bacterium Agent is well mixed with the brown sugar water prepared and obtains EM mother liquors;
(5) the EM mother liquors obtained by step (4) are uniformly sprayed at the surface of material after the completion of step (3) treatment, and are adjusted Initial water content is 70%, and urea regulation C/N ratios are 28:1, by material stirring it is uniform after start fermentation, when temperature is increased to 60 After more than DEG C every stirring in 2 days once, fermentation obtains first fermentation product after 20 days;
(6) after above-mentioned first fermentation product temperatur is down to 40 DEG C naturally, formula ratio complex micro organism fungicide is uniformly added Enter wherein, then sealing and fermenting obtains final product the mixed material for fermenting in 5 days;
(7) formula surplus urea, trace element, attapulgite, sepiolite powder, soil conditioner are added to above-mentioned fermentation In good material and stir, then crushed, sub-sieve, granulation, drying, cooling, pack to obtain finished product.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1) rationally, nutrients release is balanced for inventive formulation, and each raw material is used cooperatively, and nutrient enriches, fermentation raw material therein Respectively containing abundant nitrogen and potassium element in middle peanut seedling, the fibert dregs of rice, and to nitrogen and the need of potassium in the growth course of cucumber Ask higher, while it is abundant for the growth course of cucumber is provided also to contain a certain proportion of P elements, thus this fertilizer in fertilizer Azophoska supply, comply fully with the nutritional need in each period of cucumber.
2) it is a large amount of by containing after the fermenting twice of EM bacterium and complex micro organism fungicide in fertilizer preparation process of the invention Beneficial activity bacterium, its highest content up to 72.5 hundred million cfu/g, much larger than 0.2 hundred million cfu/g of national standard.Using the present invention Each strain is bred rapidly after fertilizer, can effectively be suppressed the harmful microbes such as fungi, bacterium, virus in soil and be grown, and is had The generation of the various pest and disease damages of effect prevention and physiological disturbance.Meanwhile, complex micro organism fungicide therein can also be produced various to be had The enzyme of bioactivity, such as cellulase, zytase, these enzymes can decompose the organic matter in soil, the soluble thing of dissolving Matter, can promote absorption of the plant to mineral matter, promote the growth of plant, improve the growth quality of crops.
3) extract solution prepared by plurality of Chinese raw material is acted on by cattle and sheep excrement, corn stalk in preparation process of the present invention Sterilizing treatment has been carried out in stalk, peanut seedling, humic acid, the mixed material of fibert dregs of rice composition, outside bacterium has effectively been prevented Bring the influence produced to growth period of cucumber into, so as to directly ensure that the fine quality of cucumber.Meanwhile, in fertilizer of the present invention Soil conditioner and the fibert dregs of rice are used, and are carried due to fibert and are also contained part oily substance, this meeting in the accessory substance fibert dregs of rice after oil Fertilizer is become more sticky in itself, gluing is played to the crumb structure of soil in meeting after soil with soil conditioner compounding application Effect, can be effectively improved the physical behavior of soil, and ventilative, water conservation, the fertilizer-preserving ability of enhancing soil are kept soil from packing together, carried Utilization rate of fertilizer high, adjusts the pH value of soil, and the yield of cucumber nothing is significantly reduced after multicroping for years.
4) compared with conventional compound fertilizer, the resistance using the cucumber plant of fertilizer of the present invention strengthens, and pest and disease damage is low, yield Significantly improve, quality is also substantially preferable, and single cucumber product weight is big, melon is long and even thickness, and form is preferable.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
A kind of Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber, it is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:80 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, corn stalk 250 parts of stalk, 200 parts of peanut seedling, 120 parts of the fibert dregs of rice, 10 parts of humic acid, 5 parts of brown sugar, 5 parts of EM bacteria agent, 20 parts of the coptis, honeysuckle 20 parts, 30 parts of cordate houttuynia, 20 parts of Radix Isatidis, 5 parts of urea, trace element 5 parts, 15 parts of attapulgite, 20 parts of sepiolite powder, soil 15 parts of modifying agent, 30 parts of complex micro organism fungicide;
The trace element is zinc-amino acid chelate:Chelating amino acids boron:Amino acid chelated magnesium:Chelating amino acids molybdenum:Ammonia Base acid chelated iron is according to 1:1:2:0.3:0.5 weight is than composition;
The soil conditioner is diatomite:Tourmaline:Plant ash:Polyacrylamide is according to 5:1:8:0.2 weight ratio It is made;
The complex micro organism fungicide is prepared by the following method:Paecilomyces lilacinus, Bacillus natto, silicate is thin Cultivate 16 hours after bacterium, Dipel activation in the liquid seed culture medium at 25 DEG C respectively, then according to 35 ‰ inoculation Amount is transferred in sterilized big tank culture medium, after being cultivated 25 hours at 30 DEG C, by each strain according to mass ratio 1:1:2:2 compounding and Into.
The liquid seed culture medium is that mass ratio is 12:5:8:3:15:800 peptone, beef extract, glucose, chlorine Change sodium, agar, sterilized water;The big tank culture medium is that mass ratio is 240:50:350:350:80:8:2500 peptone, ox Meat extract, sucrose, corn flour, starch, potassium dihydrogen phosphate and sterilized water;The pH of the liquid seed culture medium and big tank culture medium is 7.1。
The preparation method of above-mentioned Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber, it is comprised the following steps:
(1) the water immersion 1 of 5 times of gross weight is added after mixing the coptis, honeysuckle, cordate houttuynia, Radix Isatidis according to weight portion ~2 hours, rear big fire is decocted to boiling changed slow fire continuation decoction 30 minutes, and filtrate is taken after filtering;Then add again in filter residue Enter 5 times of water of its weight, decocted to boiling with big fire and change small fire decoction 30 minutes, filter to take filtrate, merge filtrate twice and obtain Standby to Chinese medicine extract, filter residue separates standby;
(2) will be trained in liquid seeds respectively after Paecilomyces lilacinus, Bacillus natto, silicate bacteria, Dipel activation Cultivated 16 hours at 25 DEG C in foster base, be then transferred in sterilized big tank culture medium according to 35 ‰ inoculum concentration, in 30 DEG C of trainings After supporting 25 hours, by each strain according to mass ratio 1:1:2:2 compoundings form to obtain complex micro organism fungicide, standby;The liquid strain Sub- culture medium is that mass ratio is 12:5:8:3:15:800 peptone, beef extract, glucose, sodium chloride, agar, sterilized water;Institute Big tank culture medium is stated for mass ratio is 240:50:350:350:80:8:2500 peptone, beef extract, sucrose, corn flour, shallow lake Powder, potassium dihydrogen phosphate and sterilized water;The pH of the liquid seed culture medium and big tank culture medium is 7.1;
(3) by remaining Chinese medicine filter in cattle and sheep excrement, maize straw, peanut seedling, humic acid, the fibert dregs of rice and step (1) Slag mixes in adding fermentation tank according to weight portion, is then uniformly sprayed at step (1) preparation-obtained Chinese medicine extract mixed Surface of material is closed, after stirring, is acted on 20-30 minutes under normal temperature;
(4) by formula ratio brown sugar and water according to 5:1 weight is made into brown sugar water than mixed dissolution, then by formula ratio EM bacterium Agent is well mixed with the brown sugar water prepared and obtains EM mother liquors;
(5) the EM mother liquors obtained by step (4) are uniformly sprayed at the surface of material after the completion of step (3) treatment, and are adjusted Initial water content is 70%, and urea regulation C/N ratios are 28:1, by material stirring it is uniform after start fermentation, when temperature is increased to 60 After more than DEG C every stirring in 2 days once, fermentation obtains first fermentation product after 20 days;
(6) after above-mentioned first fermentation product temperatur is down to 40 DEG C naturally, formula ratio complex micro organism fungicide is uniformly added Enter wherein, then sealing and fermenting obtains final product the mixed material for fermenting in 5 days;
(7) formula surplus urea, trace element, attapulgite, sepiolite powder, soil conditioner are added to above-mentioned fermentation In good material and stir, then crushed, sub-sieve, granulation, drying, cooling, pack to obtain finished product.
Embodiment 2
A kind of Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber, it is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:70 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, corn stalk 230 parts of stalk, 150 parts of peanut seedling, 110 parts of the fibert dregs of rice, 8 parts of humic acid, 4 parts of brown sugar, 4 parts of EM bacteria agent, 15 parts of the coptis, honeysuckle 15 Part, 25 parts of cordate houttuynia, 15 parts of Radix Isatidis, 4 parts of urea, 4 parts of trace element, 10 parts of attapulgite, 15 parts of sepiolite powder, soil change Good dose 12 parts, 25 parts of complex micro organism fungicide.
The trace element is zinc-amino acid chelate:Chelating amino acids boron:Amino acid chelated magnesium:Chelating amino acids molybdenum:Ammonia Base acid chelated iron is according to 1:1:2:0.3:0.5 weight is than composition;
The soil conditioner is diatomite:Tourmaline:Plant ash:Polyacrylamide is according to 5:1:8:0.2 weight ratio It is made;
The complex micro organism fungicide is prepared by the following method:Paecilomyces lilacinus, Bacillus natto, silicate is thin Cultivate 16 hours after bacterium, Dipel activation in the liquid seed culture medium at 25 DEG C respectively, then according to 35 ‰ inoculation Amount is transferred in sterilized big tank culture medium, after being cultivated 25 hours at 30 DEG C, by each strain according to mass ratio 1:1:2:2 compounding and Into.
The liquid seed culture medium is that mass ratio is 12:5:8:3:15:800 peptone, beef extract, glucose, chlorine Change sodium, agar, sterilized water;The big tank culture medium is that mass ratio is 240:50:350:350:80:8:2500 peptone, ox Meat extract, sucrose, corn flour, starch, potassium dihydrogen phosphate and sterilized water;The pH of the liquid seed culture medium and big tank culture medium is 7.1。
The preparation method of above-mentioned Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
A kind of Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber, it is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:60 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, corn stalk 200 parts of stalk, 100 parts of peanut seedling, 100 parts of the fibert dregs of rice, 5 parts of humic acid, 3 parts of brown sugar, 3 parts of EM bacteria agent, 10 parts of the coptis, honeysuckle 10 Part, 20 parts of cordate houttuynia, 10 parts of Radix Isatidis, 2 parts of urea, 3 parts of trace element, 6 parts of attapulgite, 10 parts of sepiolite powder, soil change Good dose 8 parts, 20 parts of complex micro organism fungicide;
The trace element is zinc-amino acid chelate:Chelating amino acids boron:Amino acid chelated magnesium:Chelating amino acids molybdenum:Ammonia Base acid chelated iron is according to 1:1:2:0.3:0.5 weight is than composition;
The soil conditioner is diatomite:Tourmaline:Plant ash:Polyacrylamide is according to 5:1:8:0.2 weight ratio It is made;
The complex micro organism fungicide is prepared by the following method:Paecilomyces lilacinus, Bacillus natto, silicate is thin Cultivate 16 hours after bacterium, Dipel activation in the liquid seed culture medium at 25 DEG C respectively, then according to 35 ‰ inoculation Amount is transferred in sterilized big tank culture medium, after being cultivated 25 hours at 30 DEG C, by each strain according to mass ratio 1:1:2:2 compounding and Into.
The liquid seed culture medium is that mass ratio is 12:5:8:3:15:800 peptone, beef extract, glucose, chlorine Change sodium, agar, sterilized water;The big tank culture medium is that mass ratio is 240:50:350:350:80:8:2500 peptone, ox Meat extract, sucrose, corn flour, starch, potassium dihydrogen phosphate and sterilized water;The pH of the liquid seed culture medium and big tank culture medium is 7.1。
The preparation method of above-mentioned Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber is with embodiment 1.
To the Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber obtained by embodiment 1-3, analysis detects its total nitrogen, total phosphorus, the content of total potassium And the content of organic matter, living bacteria count, pH value and moisture content, the results are shown in Table 1.
The organic fertilizer of the present invention of table 1 analyzes test result
From upper table data can be seen that the present invention preparation Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber material contain abundant nitrogen, phosphorus, Potassium content, its content of organic matter, living bacteria count, pH value and moisture etc. meet National agricultural professional standard NY/884- 2012《Biological organic fertilizer》In standard requirement.
2013 to 2015 continuous 3 years, and a piece of experimental plot is chosen in Linyi City Lanshan District vegetables greenhouse cultivation base Carry out EFFECTS OF INFLOW APPLICATION METHOD.Experimental plot is divided into four pieces of formed objects, and same kind cucumber, plantation are used in every piece of experimental plot Method is identical with density, respectively at early spring and autumn culture, two crops in one year, continuous plantation 3 years, and applies embodiment 1-3 respectively In obtained Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber and reference examples fertilizer, wherein reference examples fertilizer is common the having of Hebei company production Machine inorganic composite mixed fertilizer, its content of organic matter 33.2%, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium total nutrient content are 15.2%, and the percentage is quality Percentage.Embodiment is identical with reference examples fertilizer fertilizing method, and other management are conventionally carried out.Its result of the test sees below Table 2.
The 2013-2015 fertilizer test results of table 2
Note:aRepresent that rate of growth is to be compared with stubble reference examples result with the same year.
Additionally, the present invention is investigated the fertilizer of the present invention and comparative example fertilizer of embodiment example 1-3 to cucumber growth product The influence of matter.The cucumber of continuous 3 year early spring stubble plantation in above-mentioned experimental plot is chosen as research object, it is random in cucumber picking time Simultaneously the other Ce Liang Unit melons weight of Fen, diameter and melon are long for 100 plants of sampling, and count the balling rate of cucumber in full wafer experimental plot, specific knot It is really as shown in table 3 below.
The cucumber quality result of study of table 3
Be can be seen that using the cucumber production promoting effect ten of bio-organic fertilizer of the present invention by the result of the test of Tables 1 and 2 It is clearly demarcated aobvious, and pest and disease damage incidence is significant lower, and continuous 3 years multicropings Term Fertilization effect is relatively stable, rate of growth is in Ascendant trend year by year.This is that each strain is bred rapidly after entering soil due to beneficial activity flora therein, can effectively be suppressed The harmful microbes such as fungi, bacterium, virus in soil grow, and effectively prevent the generation of various pest and disease damages.Meanwhile, it is therein Complex microorganism bacterial classification can also produce the various enzymes with bioactivity, such as cellulase, zytase, these enzymes can to divide Organic matter in solution soil, dissolves solable matter, can promote absorption of the plant to mineral matter, promotes the growth of plant, carries The growth quality of cucumber high, and nutrient of the present invention is sufficient, complies fully with the demand of the whole growth cycle of cucumber, it is ensured that Huang Gua Unit Melon Chong Liang, Unit melon diameters and melon is long is superior to comparative example.The continuous long-term use of the Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber can be effective Improve the physical behavior of soil, ventilative, water conservation, the fertilizer-preserving ability of enhancing soil are kept soil from packing together, and improve utilization rate of fertilizer, Can further improve the yield and quality of crops.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber, it is characterised in that it is made up of the raw material of following weight portion:Cattle and sheep excrement 60-80 parts, maize straw 200-250 parts, peanut seedling 100-200 parts, 100-120 parts of the fibert dregs of rice, humic acid 5-10 parts, brown sugar 3- 5 parts, EM bacteria agent 3-5 parts, coptis 10-20 parts, honeysuckle 10-20 parts, cordate houttuynia 20-30 parts, Radix Isatidis 10-20 parts, urea 2-5 Part, 3-5 parts of trace element, attapulgite 6-15 parts, sepiolite powder 10-20 parts, soil conditioner 8-15 parts, composite microbial bacteria Agent 20-30 parts;
The trace element is zinc-amino acid chelate:Chelating amino acids boron:Amino acid chelated magnesium:Chelating amino acids molybdenum:Amino acid Chelated iron is according to 1:1:2:0.3:0.5 weight is than composition;
The soil conditioner is diatomite:Tourmaline:Plant ash:Polyacrylamide is according to 5:1:8:0.2 weight ratio is made;
The complex micro organism fungicide is prepared by the following method:By Paecilomyces lilacinus, Bacillus natto, silicate bacteria, Cultivated at 25 DEG C in the liquid seed culture medium respectively after Dipel activation 16 hours, then turned according to 35 ‰ inoculum concentration In entering sterilized big tank culture medium, after 30 DEG C of cultures 25 hours, by each strain according to mass ratio 1:1:2:2 compoundings are formed.
2. Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the liquid seed culture medium is matter Amount is than being 12:5:8:3:15:800 peptone, beef extract, glucose, sodium chloride, agar, sterilized water;The big tank culture medium For mass ratio is 240:50:350:350:80:8:2500 peptone, beef extract, sucrose, corn flour, starch, potassium dihydrogen phosphate And sterilized water;The pH of the liquid seed culture medium and big tank culture medium is 7.1.
3. Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber according to claim 1, it is characterised in that it is by the raw material of following weight portion It is made:70 parts of cattle and sheep excrement, 230 parts of maize straw, 150 parts of peanut seedling, 110 parts of the fibert dregs of rice, 8 parts of humic acid, 4 parts of brown sugar, EM 4 parts of microbial inoculum, 15 parts of the coptis, 15 parts of honeysuckle, 25 parts of cordate houttuynia, 15 parts of Radix Isatidis, 4 parts of urea, micro- 4 parts, concave convex rod 10 parts of soil, 15 parts of sepiolite powder, 12 parts of soil conditioner, 25 parts of complex micro organism fungicide.
4. the preparation method of the Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber any one of a kind of claim 1-3, it is characterised in that it Comprise the following steps:
(1) add the water immersion 1~2 of 5 times of gross weight small after mixing the coptis, honeysuckle, cordate houttuynia, Radix Isatidis according to weight portion When, rear big fire is decocted to boiling changes slow fire continuation decoction 30 minutes, and filtrate is taken after filtering;Then to adding 5 times in filter residue In the water of its weight, decocted to boiling with big fire and change small fire decoction 30 minutes, filter to take filtrate, merged filtrate twice and obtain Chinese medicine Extract solution is standby, and filter residue separates standby;
(2) respectively in liquid seed culture medium after Paecilomyces lilacinus, Bacillus natto, silicate bacteria, Dipel being activated In cultivate 16 hours at 25 DEG C, be then transferred in sterilized big tank culture medium according to 35 ‰ inoculum concentration, cultivate 25 at 30 DEG C After hour, by each strain according to mass ratio 1:1:2:2 compoundings form to obtain complex micro organism fungicide, standby;The liquid seeds training It is that mass ratio is 12 to support base:5:8:3:15:800 peptone, beef extract, glucose, sodium chloride, agar, sterilized water;It is described big Tank culture medium is that mass ratio is 240:50:350:350:80:8:2500 peptone, beef extract, sucrose, corn flour, starch, phosphorus Acid dihydride potassium and sterilized water;The pH of the liquid seed culture medium and big tank culture medium is 7.1;
(3) by cattle and sheep excrement, maize straw, peanut seedling, humic acid, the fibert dregs of rice and remaining Chinese medicine filter residue is pressed in step (1) Mix in adding fermentation tank according to weight portion, step (1) preparation-obtained Chinese medicine extract is uniformly then sprayed at mixture Material surface, after stirring, acts on 20-30 minutes under normal temperature;
(4) by formula ratio brown sugar and water according to 5:1 weight is made into brown sugar water than mixed dissolution, then by formula ratio EM bacteria agent with The brown sugar water prepared is well mixed and obtains EM mother liquors;
(5) the EM mother liquors obtained by step (4) are uniformly sprayed at the surface of material after the completion of step (3) treatment, and adjust initial Water content is 70%, and urea regulation C/N ratios are 28:1, by material stirring it is uniform after start fermentation, when temperature be increased to 60 DEG C with After upper every stirring in 2 days once, fermentation obtains first fermentation product after 20 days;
(6) after above-mentioned first fermentation product temperatur is down to 40 DEG C naturally, formula ratio complex micro organism fungicide is uniformly added into it In, then sealing and fermenting obtains final product the mixed material for fermenting in 5 days;
(7) surplus urea, trace element, attapulgite, sepiolite powder, soil conditioner will be formulated and is added to above-mentioned fermenting In material and stir, then crushed, sub-sieve, granulation, drying, cooling, pack to obtain finished product.
CN201611039922.9A 2016-11-22 2016-11-22 A kind of Biological organic fertilizer special for cucumber and preparation method thereof Pending CN106747933A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN107056557A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-08-18 山东惠民中联生物科技有限公司 A kind of feature soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
CN107129404A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-09-05 合肥梵腾环保科技有限公司 A kind of environmentally friendly high-yield cucumber special fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN107253880A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-10-17 芜湖市木子生态园有限公司 A kind of wine-growing organic fertilizer
CN107417444A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-01 安徽益丰生态农业开发有限公司 A kind of nutritional agents of family planting cucumber seeds
CN107473832A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-15 安徽益丰生态农业开发有限公司 A kind of additive used during greenhouse gardening cucumber intertillage
CN107673910A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-02-09 安徽益丰生态农业开发有限公司 A kind of adjuvant used during family planting cucumber
CN107935734A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-04-20 芜湖皖江知识产权运营中心有限公司 A kind of cucumber fertilizer special for organic of water conservation volume increase
CN107954764A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-04-24 芜湖皖江知识产权运营中心有限公司 A kind of preparation method of cucumber organic fertilizer
CN108002920A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-08 芜湖皖江知识产权运营中心有限公司 A kind of preparation method for the fertilizer for improving crop yield
CN108450251A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-08-28 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber
CN108675866A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-10-19 山东三方化工集团有限公司 Special water-soluble microbial-bacterial fertilizer of a kind of legume crop and preparation method thereof
CN108675870A (en) * 2018-07-07 2018-10-19 安徽爱能洁生物科技有限公司 A kind of retain water and nutrients organic microbial compound fertilizer material
CN109777435A (en) * 2019-02-27 2019-05-21 北京世科盟生产率科技研发中心 A kind of contaminated soil remediation preparation method of composition

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CN103755492A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-30 合肥华创现代农业科技有限公司 Compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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CN103755492A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-30 合肥华创现代农业科技有限公司 Compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107056557A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-08-18 山东惠民中联生物科技有限公司 A kind of feature soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
CN107253880A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-10-17 芜湖市木子生态园有限公司 A kind of wine-growing organic fertilizer
CN107129404A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-09-05 合肥梵腾环保科技有限公司 A kind of environmentally friendly high-yield cucumber special fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN107417444A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-01 安徽益丰生态农业开发有限公司 A kind of nutritional agents of family planting cucumber seeds
CN107473832A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-15 安徽益丰生态农业开发有限公司 A kind of additive used during greenhouse gardening cucumber intertillage
CN107673910A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-02-09 安徽益丰生态农业开发有限公司 A kind of adjuvant used during family planting cucumber
CN108002920A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-08 芜湖皖江知识产权运营中心有限公司 A kind of preparation method for the fertilizer for improving crop yield
CN107935734A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-04-20 芜湖皖江知识产权运营中心有限公司 A kind of cucumber fertilizer special for organic of water conservation volume increase
CN107954764A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-04-24 芜湖皖江知识产权运营中心有限公司 A kind of preparation method of cucumber organic fertilizer
CN108450251A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-08-28 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cucumber
CN108675866A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-10-19 山东三方化工集团有限公司 Special water-soluble microbial-bacterial fertilizer of a kind of legume crop and preparation method thereof
CN108675870A (en) * 2018-07-07 2018-10-19 安徽爱能洁生物科技有限公司 A kind of retain water and nutrients organic microbial compound fertilizer material
CN109777435A (en) * 2019-02-27 2019-05-21 北京世科盟生产率科技研发中心 A kind of contaminated soil remediation preparation method of composition

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Application publication date: 20170531