CN105908859A - Heat-preservation precast wall body and assembled house - Google Patents

Heat-preservation precast wall body and assembled house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105908859A
CN105908859A CN201610320621.7A CN201610320621A CN105908859A CN 105908859 A CN105908859 A CN 105908859A CN 201610320621 A CN201610320621 A CN 201610320621A CN 105908859 A CN105908859 A CN 105908859A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building block
layer
sheet
cavity
reinforcing bar
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610320621.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史世英
史喜珍
史喜婷
Original Assignee
苏州市世好建材新技术工程有限公司
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Application filed by 苏州市世好建材新技术工程有限公司 filed Critical 苏州市世好建材新技术工程有限公司
Priority to CN201610320621.7A priority Critical patent/CN105908859A/en
Publication of CN105908859A publication Critical patent/CN105908859A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/20Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by filling material with or without reinforcements in small channels in, or in grooves between, the elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • E04B1/80Heat insulating elements slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/24Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element the walls being characterised by fillings in some of the cavities forming load-bearing pillars or beams
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • E04C1/39Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings characterised by special adaptations, e.g. serving for locating conduits, for forming soffits, cornices, or shelves, for fixing wall-plates or door-frames, for claustra

Abstract

The invention relates to a heat-preservation precast wall body and an assembled house, and belongs to the technical field of walls of fixed buildings. The heat-preservation precast wall body is a wall body which is built in advance by building blocks from bottom to top before conventional wall building construction, each building block is provided with cavities and small column holes, which penetrate through the corresponding building block body in the height direction, and the cavities and the small column holes in each layer of building blocks separately penetrate through the cavities and the small column holes in the adjacent layer of building blocks which are built up and down; a stand column steel pipe or a stand column reinforcing bar is mounted in each cavity, or a heat-preservation sheet is clamped in each cavity, concrete is stuffed in each cavity in which the stand column steel pipe or the stand column reinforcing bar is mounted so that a core column is formed; multi-layer building blocks which are built up and down are mutually fixed into a whole in a manner that high strength concrete is poured in the small column holes which are partially penetrated; one or more reinforcing bars which are used for hoisting and assembling the wall body are arranged in the wall body, and are mounted, inserted and fixed in the high strength concrete in the small column holes. The heat-preservation precast wall body and the assembled house are safe and firm in structure, and besides, have the functions of heat preservation and noise elimination.

Description

Heat insulation prefabricated body of wall and prefabricated buildings

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of heat insulation prefabricated body of wall and prefabricated buildings, belong to the wall technology field of fixed buildings.

Background technology

The building energy consumption of developed countries accounts for the 30%~40% of society's total energy consumption, and China's construction unit area energy consumption is still 3~5 times of the close developed country of weather.Building energy conservation is effective manner with the largest potentiality in various energy saving way, the most direct.In building energy consumption, the energy consumption caused by body of wall accounts for building the 60% of total energy consumption, thus wall thermal insulating is the key realizing building energy conservation.

According to the applicant understood, existing inside heat insulation wall body, although its heat-insulating property is good, but its insulation material is pasted on inside bearing wall, causes being difficult to hung articles on the metope of employing inside holding, even installs pelmet, radiator the most more difficulty.

Existing external heat insulating wall, without effectively protection outside its insulation material, insulation material easily comes off, dangerous, and body of wall overall durability is poor;Simultaneously because complicated construction technique in work progress, Artificial Control process are the most, therefore construction quality is low, speed of application slow, have impact on the energy-saving efficiency of building and the safety of building.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is not enough for prior art, proposes a kind of safety, sound construction and has insulation and the heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of noise elimination function and prefabricated buildings.

nullThe present invention solves that one of technical scheme that above-mentioned technical problem proposes is: a kind of heat insulation prefabricated body of wall,This heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is a piece of body of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block in advance before existing construction of building a wall,Described building block is shaped with the cavity along the through block body of its short transverse and little post holes,Cavity and little post holes in every layer of building block connect with the cavity in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down and little post holes respectively,Described cavity is for by setting up post steel pipe、By setting up post reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet,It is filled with concrete by note in being provided with the cavity of described column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar and is formed stem stem,The multi-layer building block assembled up and down is fixed to one another integral by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in the little post holes that part connects,At least one reinforcing bar for lifting by crane and assemble this sheet body of wall it is provided with in this sheet body of wall,Described reinforcing bar is by inserting and being fixed in the high-strength concrete in little post holes.

The present invention uses the effect of technique scheme to be: 1) by building block is shaped with the cavity along the through block body of its short transverse and little post holes, cavity and little post holes in every layer of building block connect with the cavity in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down and little post holes respectively, so, in the little post holes that part connects, pour into a mould high-strength concrete by the multi-layer building block assembled up and down and be fixed to one another integral, the single block being possible to prevent in body of wall comes off, the insulation material solved in existing wall thermal insulating is corroded, hold a caducous difficult problem, extremely safe of the present invention, sound construction;2) due to a piece of body of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block in advance before existing construction of building a wall, so, the present invention is precast wall body, can make in advance, then assemble at the construction field (site), save the engineering time, improve construction quality in factory.

The improvement of technique scheme is: this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is made up of two panels body of wall and the continuous insulation plate body being clamped between two panels body of wall.

The present invention uses the effect of technique scheme to be: due to heat insulation prefabricated body of wall by two panels body of wall and be clamped between two panels body of wall one continuously insulation plate body form, in the middle of two panels body of wall, clamping one is incubated plate body continuously, make body of wall entirely without heat bridge effect, high insulating effect.

Improving further of technique scheme is: be formed respectively with convex tendon and groove at described block tops and bottom, closes fixing by convex tendon and groove para-position tenon grafting one by one or close fixing by convex tendon and groove dislocation tenon grafting between every layer of building block and the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down;Described convex tendon and groove are to lay respectively at the limit muscle at the little post holes of described building block and limit groove.

The further improvement of technique scheme is: being shaped with the shape for being connected with neighboring walls, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross in every body of wall and connect cylinder, it is to be assembled up and down by the shape in this sheet body of wall, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross building block respectively to make that a described shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross connect cylinder.

The present invention solves that the two of the technical scheme that above-mentioned technical problem proposes is: a kind of heat insulation prefabricated body of wall, this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is in advance by a piece of body of wall of sand aerated concrete block cutting before existing construction of building a wall, all it is shaped with little groove by grid-shaped cross arrangement on face inside and outside this sheet body of wall, this sheet body of wall is provided with multiple through holes in face inside and outside this sheet body of wall through, described little groove is cast with high-strength concrete, this sheet body of wall is provided with at least one reinforcing bar for lifting by crane and assemble this sheet body of wall, described reinforcing bar is by inserting and being fixed in the high-strength concrete in little groove.

The present invention solves that the three of the technical scheme that above-mentioned technical problem proposes is: a kind of heat insulation prefabricated body of wall, this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is ready-made a piece of body of wall before existing construction of building a wall, and in this sheet body of wall, longitudinal direction is provided with at least one column steel pipe;This sheet body of wall is made up of the slim plate body of outer concrete set gradually from outside to inside, fall sound heat-insulation layer and the slim plate body of inner concrete, being interval with light aggregate concrete in this sheet body of wall and connect post, described light aggregate concrete connects post and through fall sound heat-insulation layer and slim for inside and outside concrete plate body and fall sound heat-insulation layer is connected to each other and is integrally fixed;It is provided with outer reinforced mesh in described outer concrete the thin plate body, in described inner concrete the thin plate body, is provided with interior reinforced mesh, be provided with the joint steel pipe connecting inside and outside reinforced mesh in described connection post, the pore of described joint steel pipe has tamped light aggregate concrete.

The improvement of the three of technique scheme is: the thickness >=150mm of the slim plate body of described inner concrete, described interior reinforced mesh is two road bar reinforcement network sheets, connect spacing horizontal bar between two road bar reinforcement network sheets, be welded and fixed between described spacing horizontal bar and joint steel pipe.

nullThe present invention solves that the four of the technical scheme that above-mentioned technical problem proposes is: a kind of heat insulation prefabricated body of wall,This heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is a piece of body of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block in advance before existing construction of building a wall,Described building block is the I-shaped building block being made up of with the cross rib being connected two longitudinal block walls the two longitudinal block walls being oppositely arranged,Relative closing up between the I-shaped building block that every layer of I-shaped building block is adjacent with this layer and be formed with a complete cavity,Described building block is shaped with and is positioned at described cross rib and connects the little post holes at two longitudinal block wall junction points,Described cavity and little post holes are along the through block body in segment heights direction,Cavity and little post holes in every layer of building block connect with the cavity in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down and little post holes respectively,Described cavity is for by setting up post steel pipe、By setting up post reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet,It is filled with concrete by note in the cavity that the multi-layer building block assembled up and down being provided with described column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar connects and forms stem stem,The multi-layer building block assembled up and down is fixed to one another integral by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in the little post holes that part connects,At least one reinforcing bar for lifting by crane and assemble this sheet body of wall it is provided with in this sheet body of wall,Described reinforcing bar is by inserting and being fixed in the high-strength concrete in little post holes.

The improvement of the four of technique scheme is: described cross rib is two cross ribs being oppositely arranged connecting two longitudinal block walls respectively, the main cavity along the through block body in segment heights direction it is formed with between two cross ribs, main cavity in every layer of building block and connecting with the main cavity in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down, described main cavity is for by setting up post steel pipe, by setting up post reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet, being filled with concrete by note in the main cavity that the multi-layer building block assembled up and down being provided with described column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar connects and formed stem stem.

nullThe present invention solves that the five of the technical scheme that above-mentioned technical problem proposes is: a kind of heat insulation prefabricated body of wall,This heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is a piece of body of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block in advance before existing construction of building a wall,Described building block is shaped with the cavity along the through block body of its short transverse,It is shaped with half vertical recessed channel along short transverse on described building block side,Half recessed channel between the building block that every layer of building block is adjacent with this layer is combined and is formed with a complete little post holes,Cavity and little post holes in every layer of building block connect with the cavity in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down and little post holes respectively,Described cavity is for by setting up post steel pipe、By setting up post reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet,It is filled with concrete by note in being provided with the big cavity of described column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar and is formed stem stem,The multi-layer building block assembled up and down is fixed to one another integral by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in the little post holes that part connects,At least one reinforcing bar for lifting by crane and assemble this sheet body of wall it is provided with in this sheet body of wall,Described reinforcing bar is by inserting and being fixed in the high-strength concrete in little post holes.

Improving further of technique scheme is: being provided with the multiple tracks air flue hole for dehumidifier of dispelling the heat in this sheet body of wall, described air flue hole is closed on this sheet wall outer side face and arranged and longitudinally through this sheet body of wall.

The present invention uses the effect of technique scheme to be: when being scorched by the sun in full summer due to exterior wall, south, west metope temperature liter reach about 70 degree, have a strong impact on body of wall life-span and city miniclimate, by being provided with the multiple tracks air flue hole for dehumidifier of dispelling the heat in this sheet body of wall, gas air flue hole close on this sheet wall outer side face arrange and longitudinally through this sheet body of wall, both can prevent wall crazing, seepage, go mouldy also solve the problem that because of body of wall store heat radiation affect the drawbacks such as community comfort level.

The present invention solves that the six of the technical scheme that above-mentioned technical problem proposes is: a kind of prefabricated buildings, such as claim 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, heat insulation prefabricated body of wall described in 9 or 10, by a piece of body of wall of same layer with neighboring walls by a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross connection cylinder are connected to each other and form every layer of room wall, then by setting up post steel pipe or column reinforcing bar in the cavity connected by multi-layer building block of every body of wall of every layer of room wall, then, in cavity, note is filled out concrete and column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar is fixed and form column, then, again collar tie beam and floor are set on every layer of room wall, then above-mentioned steps is repeated, the most repeatedly.

The improvement of the six of technique scheme is: be positioned at that note in the little post holes of this sheet body of wall at the doorway of prefabricated buildings or window hole is real high-strength compound concrete.

Improving further of the six of technique scheme is: the upper end of the column steel pipe in every body of wall or column reinforcing bar is made as screw mandrel portion, be spirally connected nut by the lower end of the column steel pipe in every body of wall or column reinforcing bar, again the column steel pipe of every body of wall of every layer of room wall or the lower end of column reinforcing bar are inserted in docking fastener tube, the hypomere of docking fastener tube is made as to live the sleeve-shaped of nut by inlay card, the end opening flare of docking fastener tube, then, docking fastener tube is used to be imported in the screw mandrel portion of the column steel pipe in lower floor's neighboring walls or column reinforcing bar upper end in the end opening of the flare docking fastener tube to dock with nut, thereafter docking fastener tube is rotated, pull-out fastening conduit after tightening is docked in the screw mandrel portion of nut with the column steel pipe in lower floor neighboring walls or column reinforcing bar upper end.

Accompanying drawing explanation

The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is the structural representation one of the heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of the embodiment of the present invention one.

Fig. 2 is the axonometric chart one of Fig. 1 building block.

Fig. 3 is the axonometric chart two of Fig. 1 building block.

Fig. 4 is the sectional view of Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is the heat insulation prefabricated body of wall axonometric chart of Fig. 1.

Fig. 6 is that Fig. 1 cavity assembles structural representation one by the heat insulation prefabricated body of wall being provided with column steel pipe.

Fig. 7 is that Fig. 1 cavity assembles structural representation two by the heat insulation prefabricated body of wall being provided with column steel pipe.

Fig. 8 is the structural representation two of the heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of the embodiment of the present invention one.

Fig. 9 is the part heat insulation prefabricated body of wall axonometric chart of Fig. 8.

Figure 10 is the assembling structural representation of Fig. 1 heat insulation prefabricated body of wall

Figure 11 is the assembling structural representation of Figure 10 heat insulation prefabricated body of wall

Figure 12 is the structural representation of the heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of the embodiment of the present invention two.

Figure 13 is the sectional view of Figure 12.

Figure 14 is the structural representation of the heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of the embodiment of the present invention three.

Figure 15 is the sectional view of Figure 14.

Figure 16 is the axonometric chart of Figure 14.

Figure 17 is the structural representation one of the heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of the embodiment of the present invention four.

Figure 18 is the assembling structural representation two of the heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of the embodiment of the present invention four.

Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention four building block one.

Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention four building block two.

Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention four building block three.

Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention four building block four.

Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention five building block one.

Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention five building block two.

Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention five building block three.

Detailed description of the invention

Embodiment one

The heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of the present embodiment, as shown in Figures 1 to 5, this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is a piece of body of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block 1 in advance before existing construction of building a wall.Building block 1 is shaped with the cavity 1-1 along the through block body of its short transverse and little post holes 1-2, and cavity 1-1 is the evacuation chamber along the building block 1 through block body of short transverse, two evacuation chambers, three evacuation chambers, the most evacuation chambers.

Cavity 1-1 and little post holes 1-2 in every layer of building block 1 connect with the cavity 1-1 in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down and little post holes 1-2 respectively.Cavity 1-1 is for by setting up post steel pipe, by setting up post reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet 1-3.

It is filled with concrete by note in being provided with the cavity of column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar and is formed stem stem.Cavity 1-1 is by setting up post steel pipe 2, as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7.So, column steel pipe 2 inject concrete armored concrete stem stem, the mashed up antidetonation bearing wall being disposed in macropore as the many high residential buildings of large bay of this stem stem reinforcing bar, large bay can be installed the slim precast wall body of aforementioned non-bearing.

The multi-layer building block 1 assembled up and down is fixed to one another integral by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in little post holes 1-2 that part connects.Being provided with at least one reinforcing bar for lifting by crane and assemble this sheet body of wall in this sheet body of wall, reinforcing bar is by inserting and being fixed in the high-strength concrete in little post holes 1-2.

Convex tendon and groove it is formed respectively with at building block 1 top of the present embodiment and bottom.Close fixing by convex tendon and groove para-position tenon grafting one by one between every layer of building block 1 and the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down, so that building wall is firm, close fixing by convex tendon and groove dislocation tenon grafting between every layer of building block 1 and the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down.Convex tendon and groove are to lay respectively at the limit muscle at little post holes 1-2 of building block 1 and limit groove.

Being shaped with the shape for being connected with neighboring walls, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross in the every body of wall of the present embodiment and connect cylinder, it is to be assembled up and down by the shape in this sheet body of wall, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross building block respectively to make that a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross connect cylinder.Can carry out being connected to each other by the cement based cementitious matter of 1-5mm thickness of coating between adjacent two building blocks 1 in this sheet body of wall fixing.

Certainly, in order to the heat bridge effect of body of wall is completely eliminated, being preferably incubated, as shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of the present embodiment is made up of two panels body of wall and the continuous insulation plate body 3 being clamped between two panels body of wall.Being provided with the multiple tracks air flue hole for dehumidifier of dispelling the heat in this sheet body of wall, air flue hole is closed on this sheet wall outer side face and is arranged and longitudinally through this sheet body of wall.

During practice of construction, this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is made in factory in advance, then assembles at the construction field (site), has saved the engineering time, has improve construction quality.So, plate body 3 it is incubated continuously by between two panels body of wall the one of clamping so that body of wall is entirely without heat bridge effect, high insulating effect.

A kind of prefabricated buildings of the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, use above-mentioned heat insulation prefabricated body of wall, by a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross, a piece of body of wall of same layer and neighboring walls are connected cylinder be connected to each other every layer of room wall of formation, then by setting up post steel pipe or column reinforcing bar in the cavity connected by multi-layer building block of every body of wall of every layer of room wall, then, in cavity, note is filled out concrete and column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar is fixed and form column, then, again collar tie beam and floor are set on every layer of room wall, then above-mentioned steps is repeated, the most repeatedly.In little post holes 1-2 of this sheet body of wall at the doorway being positioned at prefabricated buildings or window hole, note is real simultaneously high-strength compound concrete.

The upper end of the column steel pipe in every body of wall or column reinforcing bar can be made as screw mandrel portion by the present embodiment, be spirally connected nut by the lower end of the column steel pipe in every body of wall or column reinforcing bar, again the column steel pipe of every body of wall of every layer of room wall or the lower end of column reinforcing bar are inserted in docking fastener tube, the hypomere of docking fastener tube is made as to live the sleeve-shaped of nut by inlay card, the end opening flare of docking fastener tube, then, docking fastener tube is used to be imported in the screw mandrel portion of the column steel pipe in lower floor's neighboring walls or column reinforcing bar upper end in the end opening of the flare docking fastener tube to dock with nut, thereafter docking fastener tube is rotated, pull-out fastening conduit after tightening is docked in the screw mandrel portion of nut with the column steel pipe in lower floor neighboring walls or column reinforcing bar upper end.

Embodiment two

The heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of the present embodiment, is the improvement on the basis of embodiment one, as shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, unlike embodiment one: this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is in advance by a piece of body of wall of sand aerated concrete block cutting before existing construction of building a wall.All being shaped with little groove 1-4 by grid-shaped cross arrangement on face inside and outside this sheet body of wall, this sheet body of wall is provided with multiple through hole 1-5 in face inside and outside this sheet body of wall through, is cast with high-strength concrete in little groove 1-4.

This sheet body of wall is provided with at least one reinforcing bar for lifting by crane and assemble this sheet body of wall, and reinforcing bar is by inserting and being fixed in the high-strength concrete in little groove 1-4.

Embodiment three

The heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of the present embodiment, it it is the improvement on the basis of embodiment one and embodiment two, as shown in Figure 14 to Figure 16, unlike embodiment one: this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is ready-made a piece of body of wall before existing construction of building a wall, and is longitudinally provided with at least one column steel pipe in this sheet body of wall.

This sheet body of wall is made up of the outer concrete slim plate body 1-6 set gradually from outside to inside, fall sound heat-insulation layer 1-7 and inner concrete slim plate body 1-8.Being interval with light aggregate concrete in this sheet body of wall and connect post 1-9, light aggregate concrete connects post 1-9 and through fall sound heat-insulation layer 1-7 and slim for inner concrete plate body 1-8, outer concrete slim plate body 1-6 and fall sound heat-insulation layer 1-7 is connected to each other and is integrally fixed.

Being provided with outer reinforced mesh in outer concrete slim plate body 1-6, be provided with interior reinforced mesh in inner concrete the thin plate body, light aggregate concrete is provided with, in connecting post 1-9, the joint steel pipe connecting inside and outside reinforced mesh, has tamped light aggregate concrete in the pore of joint steel pipe.

Thickness >=the 150mm of the inner concrete slim plate body 1-8 of the present embodiment, interior reinforced mesh is two road bar reinforcement network sheets, connects spacing horizontal bar, be welded and fixed between spacing horizontal bar and joint steel pipe between two road bar reinforcement network sheets.

Being provided with the multiple tracks air flue hole 1-10 for dehumidifier of dispelling the heat in the outer concrete slim plate body 1-6 of this sheet body of wall of the present embodiment, air flue hole 1-10 closes on this sheet wall outer side face and arranges and longitudinally through this sheet body of wall.

In order to preferably make the most overall (up to tens of layers) formula seismic shear wall, the tenon that at least one root post steel pipe in this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall can be set to lift the dead axle heart closes steel pipe, the steel reinforcement abutting joints extending through flooring on lifting para-position and lower floor's body of wall (or in ground) welds and after closure application seam, and pumping note tamps concrete.

Embodiment four

The heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of the present embodiment, it it is the improvement on the basis of embodiment one, embodiment two and embodiment three, unlike the embodiments above: as shown in Figure 17 and Figure 18, this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is a piece of body of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block 1 in advance before existing construction of building a wall.

Building block 1 is the I-shaped building block being made up of with the cross rib being connected two longitudinal block walls the two longitudinal block walls being oppositely arranged, relative closing up between the I-shaped building block that every layer of I-shaped building block is adjacent with this layer and be formed with a complete cavity 1-1, building block 1 is shaped with and is positioned at cross rib and connects little post holes 1-2 at two longitudinal block wall junction points, cavity 1-1 and little post holes 1-2 along the through block body in segment heights direction.

Cavity 1-1 and little post holes 1-2 in every layer of building block 1 connect with the cavity in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down and little post holes respectively.Cavity 1-1 is for by setting up post steel pipe 2, by setting up post reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet.It is filled with concrete by note in the cavity 1-1 that the multi-layer building block assembled up and down being provided with column steel pipe 2 or column reinforcing bar connects and forms stem stem.

The multi-layer building block assembled up and down is fixed to one another integral by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in the little post holes that part connects, being provided with at least one reinforcing bar for lifting by crane and assemble this sheet body of wall in this sheet body of wall, reinforcing bar is by inserting and being fixed in the high-strength concrete in little post holes.

As in cavity 1-1 by setting up post steel pipe 2, can column steel pipe 2 inject concrete armored concrete stem stem, the mashed up antidetonation bearing wall being disposed in macropore as the many high residential buildings of large bay of this stem stem reinforcing bar, can install the slim precast wall body of aforementioned non-bearing in large bay.

As shown in Figure 19 to Figure 22, the cross rib of the present embodiment is two cross ribs being oppositely arranged connecting two longitudinal block walls respectively, the main cavity along the through block body in segment heights direction it is formed with between two cross ribs, main cavity in every layer of building block and connecting with the main cavity in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down, main cavity is for by setting up post steel pipe, by setting up post reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet, being filled with concrete by note in the main cavity that the multi-layer building block assembled up and down being provided with column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar connects and formed stem stem.Certainly, cross rib can also be a plurality of cross rib.The end opening of the main cavity of building block is eight word bell mouth shapes, the periphery suitable for reading of the main cavity of building block be correspondingly provided with a circle can therewith tenon close flange collar.After the lifting of this sheet body of wall is in place, can insert column steel pipe 2 or column reinforcing bar by Architectural Design Requirements in main cavity, then note fills out concrete, again lifts above-mentioned body of wall after finally setting collar tie beam floor ... ....

Being provided with the multiple tracks air flue hole for dehumidifier of dispelling the heat in this sheet body of wall of the present embodiment, air flue hole is closed on this sheet wall outer side face and is arranged and longitudinally through this sheet body of wall.

Certainly, building block 1 side of the present embodiment can also be shaped with half vertical recessed channel along short transverse, little post holes 1-2 can also be combined by half recessed channel 4 between every layer of building block building block adjacent with this layer and be formed.Also convex tendon and groove it is shaped with in the building block 1 of the present embodiment.Close fixing by convex tendon and groove para-position tenon grafting one by one between every layer of building block 1 and the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down, so that building wall is firm, can also close fixing by convex tendon and groove dislocation tenon grafting between every layer of building block 1 and the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down.Convex tendon and groove are to lay respectively at the limit muscle at the little post holes 1-2 top of building block 1 and bottom and limit groove.

This sheet body of wall of the present embodiment is also shaped with the shape for being connected with neighboring walls, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross and connects cylinder, and it is that a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or the cross building block about 1 being spliced into by the I-shaped building block in this sheet body of wall respectively assembles and make that a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross connect cylinder.Can carry out being connected to each other by the cement based cementitious matter of 1-5mm thickness of coating between adjacent two building blocks 1 in this sheet body of wall fixing.

Embodiment five

The heat insulation prefabricated body of wall of the present embodiment, it it is the improvement on the basis of above-described embodiment, as shown in Figure 23 to Figure 25, unlike the embodiments above: this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is a piece of body of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block 1 in advance before existing construction of building a wall, building block 1 is shaped with the cavity 1-1 along the through block body of its short transverse, and building block 1 side is shaped with half vertical recessed channel 4 along short transverse.

Half recessed channel 4 between the building block that every layer of building block is adjacent with this layer is combined and is formed with a complete little post holes, and cavity 1-1 and little post holes in every layer of building block 1 connect with the cavity in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down and little post holes respectively.

Cavity 1-1 is for by setting up post steel pipe, by setting up post reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet.It is filled with concrete by note in being provided with the big cavity of column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar and is formed stem stem, the multi-layer building block assembled up and down is fixed to one another integral by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in the little post holes that part connects, being provided with at least one reinforcing bar for lifting by crane and assemble this sheet body of wall in this sheet body of wall, reinforcing bar is by inserting and being fixed in the high-strength concrete in little post holes.

The end opening of the cavity of the building block 1 of the present embodiment is eight word bell mouth shapes, the periphery suitable for reading of building block cavity be correspondingly provided with a circle can therewith tenon close flange collar.The building block 1 of the present embodiment is a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross building block, and cavity 1-1 is located at a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or the apex of cross building block.

The present invention is not limited to above-described embodiment.The technical scheme that all employing equivalents are formed, all falls within the protection domain of application claims.

Claims (14)

1. a heat insulation prefabricated body of wall, it is characterized in that: this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is a piece of body of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block in advance before existing construction of building a wall, described building block is shaped with the cavity along the through block body of its short transverse and little post holes, cavity and little post holes in every layer of building block connect with the cavity in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down and little post holes respectively, described cavity is for by setting up post steel pipe, by setting up post reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet, it is filled with concrete by note in being provided with the cavity of described column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar and is formed stem stem, the multi-layer building block assembled up and down is fixed to one another integral by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in the little post holes that part connects, at least one reinforcing bar for lifting by crane and assemble this sheet body of wall it is provided with in this sheet body of wall, described reinforcing bar is by inserting and being fixed in the high-strength concrete in little post holes.
2. heat insulation prefabricated body of wall as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is made up of two panels body of wall and the continuous insulation plate body being clamped between two panels body of wall.
3. heat insulation prefabricated body of wall as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: at described block tops and bottom, be formed respectively with convex tendon and groove, close fixing by convex tendon and groove para-position tenon grafting one by one between every layer of building block and the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down or close fixing by convex tendon and groove dislocation tenon grafting;Described convex tendon and groove are to lay respectively at the limit muscle at the little post holes of described building block and limit groove.
4. heat insulation prefabricated body of wall as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: being shaped with the shape for being connected with neighboring walls, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross in every body of wall and connect cylinder, it is to be assembled up and down by the shape in this sheet body of wall, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross building block respectively to make that a described shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross connect cylinder.
5. a heat insulation prefabricated body of wall, it is characterized in that: this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is in advance by a piece of body of wall of sand aerated concrete block cutting before existing construction of building a wall, all it is shaped with little groove by grid-shaped cross arrangement on face inside and outside this sheet body of wall, this sheet body of wall is provided with multiple through holes in face inside and outside this sheet body of wall through, described little groove is cast with high-strength concrete, this sheet body of wall is provided with at least one reinforcing bar for lifting by crane and assemble this sheet body of wall, and described reinforcing bar is by inserting and being fixed in the high-strength concrete in little groove.
6. a heat insulation prefabricated body of wall, it is characterised in that: this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is ready-made a piece of body of wall before existing construction of building a wall, and is longitudinally provided with at least one column steel pipe in this sheet body of wall;This sheet body of wall is made up of the slim plate body of outer concrete set gradually from outside to inside, fall sound heat-insulation layer and the slim plate body of inner concrete, being interval with light aggregate concrete in this sheet body of wall and connect post, described light aggregate concrete connects post and through fall sound heat-insulation layer and slim for inside and outside concrete plate body and fall sound heat-insulation layer is connected to each other and is integrally fixed;It is provided with outer reinforced mesh in described outer concrete the thin plate body, in described inner concrete the thin plate body, is provided with interior reinforced mesh, be provided with the joint steel pipe connecting inside and outside reinforced mesh in described connection post, the pore of described joint steel pipe has tamped light aggregate concrete.
7. heat insulation prefabricated body of wall as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: the thickness >=150mm of the slim plate body of described inner concrete, described interior reinforced mesh is two road bar reinforcement network sheets, connects spacing horizontal bar, be welded and fixed between described spacing horizontal bar and joint steel pipe between two road bar reinforcement network sheets.
null8. a heat insulation prefabricated body of wall,It is characterized in that: this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is a piece of body of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block in advance before existing construction of building a wall,Described building block is the I-shaped building block being made up of with the cross rib being connected two longitudinal block walls the two longitudinal block walls being oppositely arranged,Relative closing up between the I-shaped building block that every layer of I-shaped building block is adjacent with this layer and be formed with a complete cavity,Described building block is shaped with and is positioned at described cross rib and connects the little post holes at two longitudinal block wall junction points,Described cavity and little post holes are along the through block body in segment heights direction,Cavity and little post holes in every layer of building block connect with the cavity in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down and little post holes respectively,Described cavity is for by setting up post steel pipe、By setting up post reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet,It is filled with concrete by note in the cavity that the multi-layer building block assembled up and down being provided with described column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar connects and forms stem stem,The multi-layer building block assembled up and down is fixed to one another integral by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in the little post holes that part connects,At least one reinforcing bar for lifting by crane and assemble this sheet body of wall it is provided with in this sheet body of wall,Described reinforcing bar is by inserting and being fixed in the high-strength concrete in little post holes.
9. heat insulation prefabricated body of wall as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that: described cross rib is two cross ribs being oppositely arranged connecting two longitudinal block walls respectively, the main cavity along the through block body in segment heights direction it is formed with between two cross ribs, main cavity in every layer of building block and connecting with the main cavity in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down, described main cavity is for by setting up post steel pipe, by setting up post reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet, being filled with concrete by note in the main cavity that the multi-layer building block assembled up and down being provided with described column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar connects and formed stem stem.
null10. a heat insulation prefabricated body of wall,It is characterized in that: this heat insulation prefabricated body of wall is a piece of body of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block in advance before existing construction of building a wall,Described building block is shaped with the cavity along the through block body of its short transverse,It is shaped with half vertical recessed channel along short transverse on described building block side,Half recessed channel between the building block that every layer of building block is adjacent with this layer is combined and is formed with a complete little post holes,Cavity and little post holes in every layer of building block connect with the cavity in the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down and little post holes respectively,Described cavity is for by setting up post steel pipe、By setting up post reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet,It is filled with concrete by note in being provided with the big cavity of described column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar and is formed stem stem,The multi-layer building block assembled up and down is fixed to one another integral by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in the little post holes that part connects,At least one reinforcing bar for lifting by crane and assemble this sheet body of wall it is provided with in this sheet body of wall,Described reinforcing bar is by inserting and being fixed in the high-strength concrete in little post holes.
The 11. heat insulation prefabricated bodies of wall as described in claim 1,2,5,6,7,8,9 or 10, it is characterised in that: being provided with the multiple tracks air flue hole for dehumidifier of dispelling the heat in this sheet body of wall, described air flue hole is closed on this sheet wall outer side face and is arranged and longitudinally through this sheet body of wall.
12. 1 kinds of prefabricated buildings, use such as claim 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, heat insulation prefabricated body of wall described in 9 or 10, it is characterized in that: by a piece of body of wall of same layer with neighboring walls by a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross connection cylinder are connected to each other and form every layer of room wall, then by setting up post steel pipe or column reinforcing bar in the cavity connected by multi-layer building block of every body of wall of every layer of room wall, then, in cavity, note is filled out concrete and column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar is fixed and form column, then, again collar tie beam and floor are set on every layer of room wall, then above-mentioned steps is repeated, the most repeatedly.
13. prefabricated buildings as claimed in claim 12, it is characterised in that: it is positioned at that note in the little post holes of this sheet body of wall at the doorway of prefabricated buildings or window hole is real high-strength compound concrete.
14. prefabricated buildings as claimed in claim 12, it is characterized in that: the upper end of the column steel pipe in every body of wall or column reinforcing bar is made as screw mandrel portion, be spirally connected nut by the lower end of the column steel pipe in every body of wall or column reinforcing bar, again the column steel pipe of every body of wall of every layer of room wall or the lower end of column reinforcing bar are inserted in docking fastener tube, the hypomere of docking fastener tube is made as to live the sleeve-shaped of nut by inlay card, the end opening flare of docking fastener tube, then, docking fastener tube is used to be imported in the screw mandrel portion of the column steel pipe in lower floor's neighboring walls or column reinforcing bar upper end in the end opening of the flare docking fastener tube to dock with nut, thereafter docking fastener tube is rotated, pull-out fastening conduit after tightening is docked in the screw mandrel portion of nut with the column steel pipe in lower floor neighboring walls or column reinforcing bar upper end.
CN201610320621.7A 2016-05-16 2016-05-16 Heat-preservation precast wall body and assembled house CN105908859A (en)

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CN201711265882.4A CN108049525A (en) 2016-05-16 2016-05-16 Heat insulation prefabricated wall
CN201711266370.XA CN108049527A (en) 2016-05-16 2016-05-16 Heat insulation prefabricated wall
CN201610320621.7A CN105908859A (en) 2016-05-16 2016-05-16 Heat-preservation precast wall body and assembled house
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Application publication date: 20160831

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