CN203097060U - Double-row hole autoclaved-sand aerated concrete wall building block - Google Patents

Double-row hole autoclaved-sand aerated concrete wall building block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203097060U
CN203097060U CN2012207391604U CN201220739160U CN203097060U CN 203097060 U CN203097060 U CN 203097060U CN 2012207391604 U CN2012207391604 U CN 2012207391604U CN 201220739160 U CN201220739160 U CN 201220739160U CN 203097060 U CN203097060 U CN 203097060U
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aerated concrete
sand aerated
double
hole
building
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CN2012207391604U
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张维艺
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张维艺
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The utility model discloses a double-row hole autoclaved-sand aerated concrete wall building block and belongs to the technical field of construction. The double-row hole autoclaved-sand aerated concrete wall building block disclosed by the utility model comprises an autoclaved-sand aerated concrete building block, wherein double rows of vertical through holes which are arranged in parallel and in a staggered manner are distributed in the autoclaved-sand aerated concrete building block. The double-row hole autoclaved-sand aerated concrete wall building block disclosed by the utility model is large in application range and low in comprehensive building cost.

Description

A kind of double hole is steamed and is pressed the sand aerated concrete walling unit
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of buildings, is specifically related to a kind of double hole and steams pressure sand aerated concrete walling unit.
Background technology
Along with whole world reply climate change action deepening constantly and quantification that the Chinese government promises to undertake in international weather summit reduces discharging target, be to practice to promise to undertake that country has accelerated to promote energy conservation, enters comprehensive energy-saving and emission-reduction epoch.According to statistics, the building of China 95% belongs to highly energy-consuming; 60% of city carbon emission comes from building; The building trade power consumption accounts for the 40%-50% of social total energy consumption.If reach the interior level of comfort of the identical chamber of developed country under the equal weather conditions, China unit's building area energy consumption will be 2-3 a times of developed country, and its subject matter just is construction material.For this reason, country puts into effect mandatory energy conservation criteria " JGJ26-2010 severe cold and cold district energy Saving Design of Residential Buildings standard " and " JGJ134-2010 Xia Redong cryogenic region energy Saving Design of Residential Buildings standard " and a series of guidance quality policy of encouraging innovations, make more, better building energy conservation new technology and novel wall heat insulating material, in construction project, applied.At present, nationwide civilian construction energy conservation object is 65%; Beijing will take the lead in the whole nation carrying out " Beijing's energy Saving Design of Residential Buildings standard ", will build the synthesis energy saving target and be increased to 75%, and both: external wall of high-rise building body insulation thermal transmittance must not be higher than 0.45; Multilayer must not be higher than 0.40; Low layer must not be higher than 0.35 new demand.Under this background, each field such as the design of building synthesis energy saving, novel construction wall energy-saving material and building material product production, thus all will be improved quality by new rule requirement comprehensively.Along with China enters the acceleration energy-saving and emission-reduction, the building material industry has welcome the high-speed developing period.Along with the fast development of national economy, the raising greatly of material and cultural life, promoted the develop rapidly of building industry more, make architectural energy consumption also be accompanied by building total amount area also soaring with amount, the constructional materials power saving is more and more paid close attention to by country and various circles of society.Construction high-efficiency and energy-saving type new society has become the theme of China's economic development.How could be energy-conservation better up to standard, become current vital issue.In China's building materials industry, about 70% is materials for wall.How reforming materials for wall, reduce the building comprehensive energy consumption, is a stern challenge.The selection of construction material and use directly influence the carbon emission total amount in city.Along with the reinforcement of country about energy-saving and emission-reduction policy implementation dynamics, greatly develop novel energy-conserving materials for wall, optimization novel building facility product and construction technology, specific implementation building synthesis energy saving index, become an important topic and the main developing direction of novel building research field.To carrying out the harmonious society of the national science view of development and structure " resource-conserving, environmentally friendly ", have important practical sense and enormous social meaning.In recent years, country vigorously advocates development bi-directional energy-saving type product.That steam-pressing aero-concrete possesses is with short production cycle, in light weight, the good union body of wall of thermal and insulating performance, insulation, ornament materials be in multinomial characteristics such as one, again because of the hexahedron solid material goods of its multiple class, many specifications, construction safety is convenient, can be applicable to all types of construction walls, the most excellent performance and price ratio, pollution-free low energy consumption production technology, realize that new useless foreign matter is recycled, do not formed to resource and not to multinomial good characteristics such as built environment pollute, for a long time by the construction market extensive use fully.
Compare with other constructional materialss, all kinds of steam pressurized foam concretes, not only can reduce the production consumption and the long-term energy consumption of using of building of natural resource, but also can digest and make full use of the industrial waste material in a large number, but be a kind of the have whole society, complete ecological, complete economic high benefit " green building material " of resource recycling fully that reaches, have wide development space.
Steaming the pressure sand aerated concrete is that steam-pressing aero-concrete is a kind of, it is the very good green building energy-saving material of a kind of performance, price proportion, but its limited to is applied to build the filled wall position more, becomes the bottleneck of steam-pressing aero-concrete production and application.Just realize reply building energy conservation 75% new rule standard, and how to solve material load-bearing and heat-insulating property opposition contradiction, reduce problems aspects such as its material unit weight and water imbibition are strong, be present urgent problem.
The utility model content
It is big that the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of range of application, and the double hole that the building complex cost is low is steamed and pressed the sand aerated concrete walling unit.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopted is:
A kind of double hole is steamed and is pressed the sand aerated concrete walling unit, comprises steaming pressing sand aerated concrete block, described steaming to press the double parallel vertical through hole that is being dislocatedly distributed on the sand aerated concrete block.
Further, described double through hole distribution is to press the sand aerated concrete block center line to distribute with described steaming.
Preferably, the quantity of described through hole is at least one.
Preferably, described through hole be shaped as square or circular.
Further, described steaming presses the sand aerated concrete block outer surface to be arranged with groove.
Further, described groove is vertical or be horizontally arranged in to steam and press the sand aerated concrete block outer surface.
The utlity model has following advantage:
The utility model is simple in structure, and cost of production is low; The utility model can need according to design of building structures, places or fill thermal insulation material in through hole, in order to improve the heat insulation effect of building-block; Build by laying bricks or stones when forming body of wall when a plurality of the utility model misplace up and down to arrange, the square or circular vertical through hole of its double dislocation arranged side by side is corresponding mutually and connect, and can be that hollow wall inside forms construction wall cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete constructional column or the utilization of structure beam; When the vertical double hole that connects was not up and down utilized by building iron concrete constructional column or structure beam, it was can be at this body of wall inner vacant and form air layer and play good insulation effect; When double pass building-block and building concrete ground or grade beam fixedly the time, the embedded bar of ground or grade beam passes double pass hollow part, and cast-in-situ concrete both can fixedly secure; Steaming pressure sand aerated concrete block two side external surfaces, have vertical and horizontal groove, in order to strengthen the adhesive power of double pass building-block and cement screedn.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and embodiments the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 steams the structural representation of pressing the sand aerated concrete walling unit for a kind of double hole that the utility model embodiment 1 provides.
Fig. 2 steams the user mode figure that presses the sand aerated concrete walling unit for a kind of double hole that the utility model embodiment 1 provides.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
See figures.1.and.2, a kind of double hole is steamed and is pressed the sand aerated concrete walling unit, comprises steaming pressing sand aerated concrete block 1.Steam and press the double parallel vertical through hole 2 that is being dislocatedly distributed on the sand aerated concrete block 1, it is to press sand aerated concrete block 1 center line to distribute to steam that double through hole 2 distributes.The quantity of through hole 2 is at least one, 2 through holes be shaped as circle.Steam to press sand aerated concrete block 1 outer surface vertical or transversely arranged fluted 3.
The utility model is to steam in prior art to press on sand aerated concrete block 1 material, by external die apparatus, making with the building block center line is benchmark, is distributed with circular vertical through hole 2 double and that line misregistration is arranged, forms a kind of double hole and steams pressure sand aerated concrete walling unit; Wherein, at two side external surfaces of this double pass building-block, vertical array is fluted 3, in order to adhesive power of the present utility model; In the vertical through hole 2 that double and line misregistration is arranged at this, place or fill thermal insulation material 4, in order to improve heat insulation effect of the present utility model.
With reference to Fig. 2, according to designing needs when constructing, can directly use cement mortar up and down the row's of dislocation piece build by laying bricks or stones, vertical through hole 2 that its double and line misregistration is arranged can connect up and down mutually, can place or fill thermal insulation material 4 in the inside of its hollow hole; Can place the vertical or built-in reinforcing bar 6 of transverse structure of construction wall, cast-in-situ concrete then; Also can be with building-block along the center that connects hole 2, vertically cut by line of cut 5 to width or length direction, become the half block of two splits, be incorporated in the outside that construction wall has vertical or the built-in reinforcing bar 6 of transverse structure, building by laying bricks or stones by mortar becomes a complete building-block, placement or fills thermal insulation material 4; Cast-in-situ concrete then, both formed the built-in reinforcing bar 6 concrete constructional columns of a kind of double pass or the structure beam steam-pressing aero-concrete hollow insulating body of wall; When the steaming of double hole pressed sand aerated concrete walling unit and building concrete ground or grade beam fixedly, the embedded bar 7 of ground or grade beam passed double pass hollow part, and cast-in-situ concrete both can fixedly secure.
The core meaning in the double hole in the utility model is: being mainly body of wall inside has built-in reinforcing bar 6 concrete constructional columns or structure beam, and the anti-anti-natural calamity performance of building integral is strengthened; This double hole is steamed and is pressed sand aerated concrete walling unit and traditional prior art solid block to compare, advantage and the minimum molding mode of production energy consumption with the light weight of lighter bulk density grade and building integral, such as: double hole is steamed and is pressed sand aerated concrete walling unit and traditional prior art solid block weight to compare, and body weight light 40% to 60% had both directly been saved production raw material 40% to 60%; It is ten hours that steam-cured energy consumption is produced in traditional prior art solid block of identical cubic meter volume, and double hole is steamed and pressed the sand aerated concrete walling unit to produce steam-cured energy consumption to be five hours, directly to reduce 50%; Aspect compression strength of building block: the compressive strength of traditional prior art solid block of same size volume is 5.0 megapascal (MPa)s, it is 4.1 megapascal (MPa)s that pressure sand aerated concrete walling unit is steamed in double hole, only weakened 10%, satisfied national related building material standard fully; At the block insulation aspect of performance: the exterior wall main body section thermal transmittance of traditional prior art solid block of same size area is 0.80 weighted average, it is 0.44 weighted average that pressure sand aerated concrete walling unit is steamed in double hole, reduces by 46% on year-on-year basis and has both improved energy-saving effect 46% on year-on-year basis; Simultaneously, the resistance to compression form of pressing the sand aerated concrete walling unit is steamed in double hole, be a kind ofly to be different from traditional prior art solid block fully and directly to rely on the measuring body remodeling product of self intensity, it only plays high-efficiency insulated and energy-conservation effect at the construction wall position, self realized fully satisfying the major structure of construction load-bearing by cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete, its form of structure science, easy construction, energy-efficient, antidetonation is taken precautions against natural calamities, both saved simultaneously the construction construction cost in a large number, thereby thoroughly solved the solid block of steam-pressing aero-concrete prior art in the existing building blockwork is used, must use external thermal insulation system to satisfy the insulation requirement, its two kinds of different quality materials are met the layering of body of wall season cracking, the chance earthquake is shaken, a collision prose style free from parallelism, the problem safe in utilization of collapsing and.
Embodiment 2
Present embodiment as different from Example 1, being shaped as of through hole 2 is square, groove 3 is horizontally arranged in steam to press sand aerated concrete block 1 outer surface
It should be noted last that, above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to the explanation the technical solution of the utility model, although the utility model is had been described in detail with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can make amendment or be equal to replacement the technical solution of the utility model, and not breaking away from the spirit and scope of technical solutions of the utility model, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the claim scope of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a double hole is steamed and is pressed the sand aerated concrete walling unit, comprises steaming pressing sand aerated concrete block, it is characterized in that, the double parallel vertical through hole that is being dislocatedly distributed on the sand aerated concrete block is pressed in described steaming.
2. double hole according to claim 1 is steamed and is pressed the sand aerated concrete walling unit, it is characterized in that, it is to press the sand aerated concrete block center line to distribute with described steaming that described double through hole distributes.
3. double hole according to claim 1 is steamed and is pressed the sand aerated concrete walling unit, it is characterized in that the quantity of described through hole is at least one.
4. double hole according to claim 1 is steamed and is pressed the sand aerated concrete walling unit, it is characterized in that being shaped as of described through hole is square or circular.
5. double hole according to claim 1 is steamed and is pressed the sand aerated concrete walling unit, it is characterized in that, described steaming presses the sand aerated concrete block outer surface to be arranged with groove.
6. double hole according to claim 5 is steamed and is pressed the sand aerated concrete walling unit, it is characterized in that, described groove is vertical or be horizontally arranged in to steam and press the sand aerated concrete block outer surface.
CN2012207391604U 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 Double-row hole autoclaved-sand aerated concrete wall building block Active CN203097060U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105908859A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-08-31 苏州市世好建材新技术工程有限公司 Heat-preservation precast wall body and assembled house
CN108978946A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-12-11 上海建工五建集团有限公司 A kind of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall and its construction method
CN109642405A (en) * 2016-08-24 2019-04-16 金尚基 Concrete block construction method and guide member for installing concrete segment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105908859A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-08-31 苏州市世好建材新技术工程有限公司 Heat-preservation precast wall body and assembled house
CN109642405A (en) * 2016-08-24 2019-04-16 金尚基 Concrete block construction method and guide member for installing concrete segment
CN108978946A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-12-11 上海建工五建集团有限公司 A kind of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall and its construction method

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