CN108978946A - A kind of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall and its construction method - Google Patents

A kind of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108978946A
CN108978946A CN201810775746.8A CN201810775746A CN108978946A CN 108978946 A CN108978946 A CN 108978946A CN 201810775746 A CN201810775746 A CN 201810775746A CN 108978946 A CN108978946 A CN 108978946A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building block
concrete
autoclave aerated
component
aerated concrete
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Application number
CN201810775746.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘崇
高阔
吴骞
姜殿成
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上海建工五建集团有限公司
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Priority to CN201810775746.8A priority Critical patent/CN108978946A/en
Publication of CN108978946A publication Critical patent/CN108978946A/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/64Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of concrete
    • E04B2/68Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of concrete made by filling-up wall cavities
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings

Abstract

A kind of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall of the invention and its construction method, are related to Construction Technology of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Blocks field.It is complicated for traditional masonry shearwalls operating procedure, construction cost is increased, and the problem of the handover position of autoclave aerated concrete building block and concrete-constituted pile is also easy to produce contraction fissure, construction quality is caused to decline.It is built by autoclave aerated concrete building block, and autoclave aerated concrete building block filling is equipped with vertically communicated concrete-constituted pile within the walls, multiple building block cutting bodies are enclosed in the outside of concrete-constituted pile, and building block cutting body is cut by autoclave aerated concrete building block.Construction method: autoclave aerated concrete building block is successively built, in the position that concrete-constituted pile need to be arranged, by multiple building block cutting body composite assemblies and the inner cavity to be poured of concrete-constituted pile is enclosed, buries the embedded bar of the concrete-constituted pile in inner cavity to be poured;In inner cavity casting concrete to be poured.

Description

A kind of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall and its construction method

Technical field

The present invention relates to Construction Technology of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Blocks field, in particular to a kind of steam-pressing aero-concrete is built Block fills wall and its construction method.

Background technique

Autoclave aerated concrete building block is with flyash, lime, cement, gypsum, and slag etc. is primary raw material, is added appropriate Foaming agent, regulator, bubble stabilizer are stirred through ingredient, quiet to stop, cutting and the technical process such as high-pressure steaming and cultivating and manufactured one kind Celluar concrete product.Lightweight wall made of being built as autoclave aerated concrete building block arrangement is known as steam-pressing aero-concrete and builds Block fills wall, in order to enhance the globality and stabilization of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall (hereinafter referred to as masonry shearwalls) Property, concrete-constituted pile is usually set in masonry shearwalls, anti seismic efficiency is played, concrete-constituted pile is generally positioned at following Position: 1, when masonry shearwalls length is more than 8m or length is that layer is 2 times high, concrete-constituted pile is located in masonry shearwalls Portion;2, when masonry shearwalls end is without main structure or vertical wall drawknot therewith, concrete-constituted pile is located at building block filling Wall end;3, concrete-constituted pile is located at masonry shearwalls corner.

Currently, concrete-constituted pile traditional construction way is: in the middle part of masonry shearwalls, the reserved coagulation of end or corner portion The casting position of native constructional column, assembling reinforcement and in masonry shearwalls two sides supporting module, then concreting is carried out, after demoulding Complete the construction of concrete-constituted pile;Wherein, formwork erection, concreting both increase the construction costs such as material, artificial;And And since both masonry shearwalls and concrete-constituted pile are made of different materials, Material shrinkage coefficient exists certain poor Different, the exposed handover position of the two is because the influence of Material shrinkage difference of coefficients is easy to produce contraction fissure, and therefore, it is necessary in the two The measures such as cracking resistance mesh sheet are added at handover position, further increase construction cost.

Summary of the invention

It is complicated for traditional masonry shearwalls and its construction method operating procedure, construction cost is increased, and steam pressure adds The problem of handover position of gas concrete segment and concrete-constituted pile is also easy to produce contraction fissure, construction quality is caused to decline.This The purpose of invention is to provide a kind of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall and its construction method, autoclave aerated concrete building block warp Cutting, assembled enclosing simultaneously fill core by concrete, so that concrete-constituted pile is coated in masonry shearwalls, it is exposed to eliminate the two Handover position, solve the problems, such as contraction fissure, improve effect and reduce construction cost.

The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall, It is built by autoclave aerated concrete building block, and autoclave aerated concrete building block filling is within the walls equipped with vertically communicated Concrete-constituted pile, multiple building block cutting bodies are enclosed in the outside of the concrete-constituted pile, and the building block cutting body is by steam pressure Air-entrained concrete building block is cut.

Preferably, the building block cutting body is L-shaped or I shape.

Preferably, the width W of L-shaped building block cutting body cross section narrow side is more than or equal to 50mm.

Preferably, the concrete-constituted pile is the dentalation alternate in the bumps being arranged along axisymmetrical, described mixed Solidifying soil constructional column is fixed as one by multiple first components being arranged alternately and second component, the first component and described second Component is rectangular shape, and the difference K of the width of the first component and the second component is more than or equal to 60mm, and described first Component, the height of second component are equal with the height of the autoclave aerated concrete building block.

In addition, steps are as follows the present invention also provides a kind of construction method of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall:

According to the design requirement of concrete-constituted pile, part autoclave aerated concrete building block is cut into multiple building blocks and is cut Body successively builds autoclave aerated concrete building block, in the position that the concrete-constituted pile need to be arranged, is cut by multiple building blocks It cuts body composite assembly and encloses the inner cavity to be poured of the concrete-constituted pile, bury the coagulation in the inner cavity to be poured The embedded bar of native constructional column;The concrete-constituted pile is made in the inner cavity casting concrete to be poured, is reached to concrete To after the intensity of design requirement, autoclave aerated concrete building block is made and fills wall.

Preferably, the building block cutting body is cut by the autoclave aerated concrete building block, and the building block is cut Body is L-shaped or I shape, the building block cutting body composite assembly of L shape or I shape and enclose the concrete-constituted pile wait pour Inner cavity.

Preferably, when the concrete-constituted pile pouring construction, the height of each continuous placing is less than or equal to 1.8m, and every Pouring 400mm-500mm height need to consolidate primary or consolidate when pouring.

Preferably, the width W of L-shaped building block cutting body cross section narrow side is more than or equal to 50mm, moreover, the building block The narrow side two sides of cutting body add template and reinforce support.

Preferably, the inner cavity to be poured of the building block cutting body composite assembly and the concrete-constituted pile enclosed is in The dentalation alternate along the bumps of axisymmetrical setting, the concrete-constituted pile after the completion of pouring includes that multiple alternatings are set The first component and second component set, the first component and the second component are rectangular shape, the first component And the difference K of the width of the second component is more than or equal to 60mm, and the first component, the height of second component and the steam pressure add The height of gas concrete segment is equal.

Effect of the invention is that:

One, autoclave aerated concrete building block of the invention fills wall, big using autoclave aerated concrete building block volume, be convenient for Part autoclave aerated concrete building block is cut into multiple building block cutting bodies, is enclosed by building block cutting body mixed by the characteristics of cutting The cavity to be poured of solidifying soil constructional column, installs technique instead of conventional template, implements pouring for concrete-constituted pile by filling core mode Construction is built, since concrete-constituted pile is surrounded by building block cutting body, two kinds of materials are not present without exsertion part in concrete-constituted pile The exposed handover position of material can be avoided autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall surface of wall and contraction fissure occur, ensure that Autoclave aerated concrete building block fills the overall structural strength of wall, so that meeting, there is the steam-pressing aero-concrete of shockproof requirements to build The construction requirement of block filling wall.

Two, the construction method of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall of the present invention, utilizes autoclave aerated concrete building block body The characteristics of product is big, convenient for cutting, is cut into multiple building block cutting bodies for part autoclave aerated concrete building block, passes through multiple building blocks The mode of cutting body composite assembly encloses the inner cavity to be poured of concrete-constituted pile, installs technique instead of conventional template, to Pour the embedded bar that concrete-constituted pile is buried in inner cavity, successively build autoclave aerated concrete building block, and with build height into Row fills core and pours, and the concrete-constituted pile after construction is coated by autoclave aerated concrete building block, and the two is without exposed friendship Therefore socket part position can be avoided autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall surface of wall and contraction fissure occur, to ensure that steaming The overall structural strength of pressing aero-concrete masonry shearwalls;Moreover, construction method of the invention eliminates formwork erection, later period The construction procedures such as cracking resistance mesh sheet are added, construction process is simplified, are improved work efficiency, and reduce construction cost.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the elevation that autoclave aerated concrete building block of the invention fills one embodiment of wall;

Fig. 2 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the B-B cross-sectional view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 be autoclave aerated concrete building block of the invention fill in another embodiment of wall with vertical wall drawknot position The structural schematic diagram of concrete-constituted pile;

Fig. 5 is that autoclave aerated concrete building block of the invention fills the concrete structure for being located at corner portion in another embodiment of wall Make the structural schematic diagram of column.

Figure label is as follows:

Autoclave aerated concrete building block fills wall 1;L shape building block cutting body 2;I shape building block cutting body 3;Structure floor 4;It is mixed Solidifying soil constructional column 5;First component 5a;Second component 5b.

Specific embodiment

The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.It should be noted that attached drawing is adopted With very simplified form and using non-accurate ratio, only to facilitate, lucidly aid in illustrating the embodiment of the present invention Purpose.For sake of convenience, "upper" described below, "lower" are consistent with the upper and lower direction of attached drawing, but this can't be this hair The limitation of bright technical solution.

Illustrate that autoclave aerated concrete building block of the invention fills wall 1 in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 5, it is located at upper and lower structure floor It between 4, is built, and is equipped in autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall 1 vertically communicated by autoclave aerated concrete building block Concrete-constituted pile 5, multiple building block cutting bodies enclose in the outside of concrete-constituted pile 5, and building block cutting body is by steam pressurized Concrete segment is cut.The present invention fills wall 1 suitable for the autoclave aerated concrete building block of thickness of wall body D >=200mm, this The autoclave aerated concrete building block size (length × width × height) that embodiment uses is 600mm × 200mm × 300mm.

Autoclave aerated concrete building block of the invention fills wall 1, big using autoclave aerated concrete building block volume, convenient for cutting Part autoclave aerated concrete building block is cut into multiple building block cutting bodies, encloses coagulation by building block cutting body by the characteristics of cutting The cavity to be poured of native constructional column 5, installs technique instead of conventional template, implements pouring for concrete-constituted pile 5 by filling core mode Construction is built, since concrete-constituted pile 5 is surrounded by building block cutting body, concrete-constituted pile 5 is not present two kinds without exsertion part The exposed handover position of material can be avoided autoclave aerated concrete building block filling 1 surface of wall of wall and contraction fissure occur, guarantees The overall structural strength of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall 1, to meet the steam pressurized coagulation with shockproof requirements The construction requirement of earth building blocks filling wall 1.

Above-mentioned building block cutting body is cut by autoclave aerated concrete building block, and building block cutting body is L-shaped or I shape, such as Shown in Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, for being set to the concrete-constituted pile 5 at 1 middle part of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall, two L shapes are built Block cutting body 2 is docked and is enclosed in 5 outside of concrete-constituted pile, i.e. the inner corner trim of L shape building block cutting body 2 corresponds to concrete-constituted pile 5 external corner, so that the cladding concrete-constituted pile 5 completely of L shape building block cutting body 2;Fig. 4 show autoclave aerated concrete building block and fills out Wall 1 and vertical wall drawknot position view are filled, a L shape building block cutting body 2 and two I shape building block cutting bodies 3 are enclosed in mixed The outside of solidifying soil constructional column 5, so that building block cutting body coats concrete-constituted pile 5 completely;Fig. 5 show steam-pressing aero-concrete The corner portion of masonry shearwalls 1, two L shape building block cutting bodies 2 are enclosed in the outside of concrete-constituted pile 5, so that L shape building block is cut The cladding concrete-constituted pile 5 completely of body 2 is cut, therefore, by the composite assembly of the building block cutting body of L shape or I shape, so that concrete The completion of constructional column 5 is coated on autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall 1, and then eliminates concrete-constituted pile 5 and mix with steam pressurized Exposed handover position between solidifying earth building blocks, the shape of above-mentioned building block cutting body and combination are only examples, it is not limited to this.

As shown in figure 3, the width W of above-mentioned 2 cross section narrow side of L shape building block cutting body is more than or equal to 50mm, to guarantee that L shape is built The narrow side of block cutting body 2 has enough intensity, and the narrow side of L shape building block cutting body 2 is avoided to act in the pressure of casting concrete Under there is cracking phenomena.

Please continue to refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, concrete-constituted pile 5 is in the dentation knot alternate along the symmetrically arranged bumps of axis ax Structure, concrete-constituted pile 5 are fixed as one by multiple first component 5a being arranged alternately and second component 5b, first component 5a and Second component 5b is rectangular shape, and the difference K of the width of first component 5a and second component 5b is more than or equal to 60mm, the first structure Part 5a, the height of second component 5b are equal with the height of autoclave aerated concrete building block, that is to say, that concrete-constituted pile 5 Dentalation is crossed-over with autoclave aerated concrete building block and is integrated, enhance concrete-constituted pile 5 with it is steam pressurized The bonding strength of concrete segment improves the overall stability of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall 1.

Illustrate the construction method of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall of the present invention, specific steps below with reference to Fig. 1 to Fig. 5 It is as follows:

According to the design requirement of concrete-constituted pile 5, part autoclave aerated concrete building block is cut into multiple building blocks and is cut Body is cut, autoclave aerated concrete building block is successively built, in the position that concrete-constituted pile 5 need to be arranged, by multiple building block cutting bodies The pre-buried of concrete-constituted pile 5 is buried in inner cavity to be poured in composite assembly and the inner cavity to be poured for enclosing concrete-constituted pile 5 Reinforcing bar;Concrete-constituted pile 5 is made in inner cavity casting concrete to be poured, after concrete reaches the intensity of design requirement, system It obtains autoclave aerated concrete building block and fills wall 1.

The construction method of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall of the present invention, utilizes autoclave aerated concrete building block volume Greatly, convenient for cutting the characteristics of, part autoclave aerated concrete building block is cut into multiple building block cutting bodies, is cut by multiple building blocks The mode for cutting body composite assembly encloses the inner cavity to be poured of concrete-constituted pile 5, technique is installed instead of conventional template, to be poured The embedded bar that concrete-constituted pile 5 is buried in inner cavity is built, successively builds autoclave aerated concrete building block, and carry out with height is built It fills core to pour, the concrete-constituted pile 5 after construction is coated by autoclave aerated concrete building block, and the two is without exposed handover Therefore position can be avoided autoclave aerated concrete building block filling 1 surface of wall of wall and contraction fissure occur, to ensure that steaming The overall structural strength of pressing aero-concrete masonry shearwalls 1;Moreover, construction method of the invention eliminates formwork erection, after Phase adds the construction procedures such as cracking resistance mesh sheet, simplifies construction process, improves work efficiency, and reduces construction cost.

In above-mentioned steps, building block cutting body is cut by autoclave aerated concrete building block, and building block cutting body it is L-shaped or The building block cutting body composite assembly of I shape, L shape or I shape and the inner cavity to be poured for enclosing concrete-constituted pile 5.

In above-mentioned steps, when concrete-constituted pile 5 fills core construction, the height of each continuous placing is preferably half of floor, but It should not exceed 1.8m, and often pour 400mm-500mm height to consolidate primary or consolidate when pouring, to guarantee concrete structure Make the construction quality of column 5.

As shown in figure 3, the width W of 2 cross section narrow side of L shape building block cutting body is more than or equal to 50mm, more preferably in above-mentioned steps , template can be added in 2 narrow side two sides of L shape building block cutting body and reinforce support, to avoid core grouted concrete lateral pressure to building block Cutting body narrow side weak part damages, moreover, template and reinforcing are supported and be can be recycled, installation and disassembly facilitate fastly It is prompt.

Foregoing description is only the description to present pre-ferred embodiments, not to any restriction of the scope of the invention, this hair Any change, the modification that the those of ordinary skill in bright field does according to the disclosure above content, belong to scope of the claims.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of autoclave aerated concrete building block fills wall, it is characterised in that: it is built by autoclave aerated concrete building block, And the autoclave aerated concrete building block filling is equipped with vertically communicated concrete-constituted pile within the walls, multiple building block cutting bodies enclose In the outside of the concrete-constituted pile, the building block cutting body is cut by autoclave aerated concrete building block.
2. autoclave aerated concrete building block according to claim 1 fills wall, it is characterised in that: the building block cutting body is in L shape or I shape.
3. autoclave aerated concrete building block according to claim 1 fills wall, it is characterised in that: the L-shaped building block is cut The width W for cutting body cross section narrow side is more than or equal to 50mm.
4. autoclave aerated concrete building block according to any one of claims 1 to 3 fills wall, it is characterised in that: described mixed Solidifying soil constructional column is the dentalation alternate in the bumps being arranged along axisymmetrical, and the concrete-constituted pile is set by multiple alternatings The first component and second component set fix as one, and the first component and the second component are rectangular shape, institute State the width of first component and the second component difference K be more than or equal to 60mm, the first component, the height of second component with The height of the autoclave aerated concrete building block is equal.
5. a kind of construction method of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall, which is characterized in that steps are as follows:
According to the design requirement of concrete-constituted pile, part autoclave aerated concrete building block is cut into multiple building block cutting bodies, Autoclave aerated concrete building block is successively built, in the position that the concrete-constituted pile need to be arranged, is cut by multiple building blocks The concrete is buried in the inner cavity to be poured in body composite assembly and the inner cavity to be poured for enclosing the concrete-constituted pile The embedded bar of constructional column;The concrete-constituted pile is made in the inner cavity casting concrete to be poured, reaches to concrete After the intensity of design requirement, autoclave aerated concrete building block is made and fills wall.
6. construction method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the building block cutting body is by the steam pressurized coagulation Earth building blocks are cut, and the building block cutting body is L-shaped or I shape, and the building block cutting body composite assembly of L shape or I shape is simultaneously Enclose the inner cavity to be poured of the concrete-constituted pile.
7. construction method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: when the concrete-constituted pile pouring construction, every time The height of continuous placing is less than or equal to 1.8m, and often pours 400mm-500mm height and need to consolidate primary or smash when pouring It is real.
8. construction method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: L-shaped building block cutting body cross section narrow side Width W is more than or equal to 50mm, moreover, the narrow side two sides of the building block cutting body add template and reinforce support.
9. according to the described in any item construction methods of claim 5 to 8, it is characterised in that: the building block cutting body composite assembly And the inner cavity to be poured of the concrete-constituted pile enclosed is in the concave-convex alternate dentalation being arranged along axisymmetrical, is poured The concrete-constituted pile after the completion of building includes multiple first components being arranged alternately and second component, the first component and The second component is rectangular shape, and the difference K of the width of the first component and the second component is more than or equal to 60mm, The first component, the height of second component are equal with the height of the autoclave aerated concrete building block.
CN201810775746.8A 2018-07-16 2018-07-16 A kind of autoclave aerated concrete building block filling wall and its construction method CN108978946A (en)

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