CN108049525A - Heat insulation prefabricated wall - Google Patents

Heat insulation prefabricated wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108049525A
CN108049525A CN201711265882.4A CN201711265882A CN108049525A CN 108049525 A CN108049525 A CN 108049525A CN 201711265882 A CN201711265882 A CN 201711265882A CN 108049525 A CN108049525 A CN 108049525A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
block
building block
layer
cavity
piece
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711265882.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史世英
史喜珍
史喜婷
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SUZHOU SHIHAO BUILDING MATERIAL NEW TECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SUZHOU SHIHAO BUILDING MATERIAL NEW TECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SUZHOU SHIHAO BUILDING MATERIAL NEW TECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING Co Ltd filed Critical SUZHOU SHIHAO BUILDING MATERIAL NEW TECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711265882.4A priority Critical patent/CN108049525A/en
Priority to CN201610320621.7A priority patent/CN105908859A/en
Publication of CN108049525A publication Critical patent/CN108049525A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/20Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by filling material with or without reinforcements in small channels in, or in grooves between, the elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • E04B1/80Heat insulating elements slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/24Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element the walls being characterised by fillings in some of the cavities forming load-bearing pillars or beams
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • E04C1/39Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings characterised by special adaptations, e.g. serving for locating conduits, for forming soffits, cornices, or shelves, for fixing wall-plates or door-frames, for claustra

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of heat insulation prefabricated wall, belong to the wall technology field of fixed buildings.The heat insulation prefabricated wall is a piece of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block in advance before existing construction of building a wall, building block is formed with the cavity along its short transverse perforation block body, half vertical recessed channel is formed on building block side along short transverse, half recessed channel between every layer of building block and this layer of adjacent building block is formed with a complete small post holes to merging, cavity in the block and small post holes is built for every layer to connect with the adjacent layer block cavity in the block assembled up and down and small post holes respectively, the cavity is used for by setting up column steel pipe, by set up column reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet, concrete is filled with by note in the big cavity equipped with the column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar and forms stem, the multi-layer building block assembled up and down is fixed to one another integral by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in the small post holes partly to connect.The heat insulation prefabricated wall safety and sound construction, while there is heat preservation and noise elimination function.

Description

Heat insulation prefabricated wall
The application be Application No. 201610320621.7, the applying date on May 16th, 2016, it is entitled " heat preservation The divisional application of precast wall body and prefabricated buildings ".
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of heat insulation prefabricated wall and prefabricated buildings, belong to the wall technology field of fixed buildings.
Background technology
The building energy consumption of developed countries accounts for the 30%~40% of social total energy consumption, and China's construction unit area energy consumption is still 3~5 times of the close developed country of weather.Building energy conservation is that potentiality are maximum in various energy saving ways, most direct effective manner. In building energy consumption, the 60% of building total energy consumption is accounted for by energy consumption caused by wall, thus wall thermal insulating is to realize building energy conservation It is crucial.
According to the applicant understood, existing inside heat insulation wall body, although its heat-insulating property is good, its thermal insulation material, which is pasted on, to be held On the inside of weight wall, cause to be difficult to hung articles on the metope using inside holding or even to install pelmet, radiator all more tired It is difficult.
Existing external heat insulating wall, thermal insulation material outside is without effectively protection, and thermal insulation material easily comes off, dangerous, wall Body overall durability is poor;Simultaneously because complicated construction technique, manual control process are relatively more in work progress, therefore matter of constructing It measures that low, speed of application is slow, affects the energy-saving efficiency of building and the security of building.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, proposing a kind of safety, sound construction and having Heat preservation and the heat insulation prefabricated wall and prefabricated buildings of noise elimination function.
One of technical solution for proposing to solve above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is:A kind of heat insulation prefabricated wall, the heat preservation Precast wall body is a piece of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block in advance before existing construction of building a wall, and the building block is formed with edge The cavity of its short transverse perforation block body and small post holes, every layer is built cavity in the block and small post holes respectively with assembling up and down Adjacent layer builds cavity in the block and small post holes and connects, the cavity be used for by set up column steel pipe, by setting up column reinforcing bar or clamping Insulation sheet is filled with concrete by note in the cavity equipped with the column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar and forms stem, assembles up and down Multi-layer building block is fixed to one another integrally by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in the small post holes partly to connect, is set in the piece wall It is useful for lifting by crane and assemble at least one reinforcing bar of the piece wall, the reinforcing bar is by inserting and be fixed on the high-strength coagulation in small post holes In soil.
It is of the invention to be using the effect of above-mentioned technical proposal:1)Building block sheet is penetrated through by being formed with building block along its short transverse The cavity of body and small post holes, every layer build cavity in the block and small post holes built respectively with the adjacent layer assembled up and down cavity in the block and Small post holes connects, in this way, pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in the small post holes partly to connect by the multi-layer building block assembled up and down And be fixed to one another integrally, it can prevent that the single block in wall from coming off, solve the thermal insulation material in existing wall thermal insulating It is corroded, holds caducous problem, extremely safe, sound construction of the invention;2)Due to it is existing build a wall construction before in advance by building The a piece of wall that block assembles from bottom to top, in this way, the present invention is precast wall body, can in factory pre-production it is good, then It is assembled at the construction field (site), has saved the construction time, improve construction quality.
The improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal is:The heat insulation prefabricated wall is by two panels wall and is clamped between two panels wall One continuous heat preservation plate body composition.
It is of the invention to be using the effect of above-mentioned technical proposal:Since heat insulation prefabricated wall is by two panels wall and is clamped in two A continuous plate body that keeps the temperature between piece wall forms, and one is clamped among two panels wall and continuously keeps the temperature plate body so that wall does not have completely There are heat bridge effect, high insulating effect.
Being further improved for above-mentioned technical proposal be:Convex ribs and groove are formed respectively at the block tops and bottom, often Tenon grafting conjunction is aligned by convex ribs and groove one by one between layer building block and the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down and fixes or pass through convex ribs It closes and fixes with groove dislocation tenon grafting;The convex ribs and groove be respectively positioned at the building block small post holes at while muscle and while Slot.
Further improve of above-mentioned technical proposal be:The shape being connected with neighboring walls, L are formed in every wall Shape, T-shaped or cross connection cylinder, a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross connection cylinder are respectively by the piece wall in vivo one Shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross building block assemble be made up and down.
It is proposed to solve above-mentioned technical problem technical solution of the present invention second is that:A kind of heat insulation prefabricated wall, the heat preservation Precast wall body is in advance by a piece of wall that forms of sand aerated concrete block cutting before existing construction of building a wall, inside and outside the piece wall Be formed with little groove by grid-shaped cross arrangement on two sides, the piece wall be equipped with penetrate through the piece wall inside and outside face it is more A through hole is cast with high-strength concrete in the little groove, which is equipped with to lift by crane and assemble the piece wall extremely A few reinforcing bar, the reinforcing bar is by inserting and be fixed in the high-strength concrete in little groove.
What the present invention proposed to solve above-mentioned technical problem the three of technical solution is:A kind of heat insulation prefabricated wall, the heat preservation Precast wall body is the ready-made a piece of wall before existing construction of building a wall, and at least one column steel is longitudinally equipped in the piece wall Pipe;The piece wall is by the slim plate body of outer concrete, drop sound insulating layer and the slim plate body of inner concrete that set gradually from outside to inside It forms, light aggregate concrete connecting pole is equipped at intervals in the piece wall, the light aggregate concrete connecting pole is kept the temperature through drop sound The slim plate body of inside and outside concrete and drop sound insulating layer are simultaneously connected to each other and are integrally fixed by layer;The slim plate body of outer concrete It is interior to be equipped with outer reinforced mesh, interior reinforced mesh is equipped in the inner concrete the thin plate body, be equipped in the connecting pole in connection, The joint steel pipe of outer reinforced mesh has tamped light aggregate concrete in the pore of the joint steel pipe.
Three improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal is:Thickness >=150mm of the slim plate body of inner concrete, the interior reinforcing bar Mesh sheet is two bar reinforcement network pieces, connects /V transverse bar between two bar reinforcement network pieces, the /V transverse bar is with being connected steel It is welded and fixed between pipe.
What the present invention proposed to solve above-mentioned technical problem the four of technical solution is:A kind of heat insulation prefabricated wall, the heat preservation Precast wall body is a piece of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block in advance before existing construction of building a wall, and the building block is by phase To the I-shaped building block that two longitudinal block walls of setting are formed with being connected the cross rib of two longitudinal block walls, every layer of I-shaped building block and the layer Opposite between adjacent I-shaped building block to close up and be formed with a complete cavity, the building block is formed with to be connected positioned at the cross rib Small post holes at two longitudinal block wall tie points, the cavity and small post holes penetrate through block body, every layer of block along segment heights direction Cavity in the block and small post holes connect respectively with the adjacent layer block cavity in the block assembled up and down and small post holes, and the cavity is used In by set up column steel pipe, by set up column reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet, by the base up and down equipped with the column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar Note is filled with concrete and forms stem in the cavity that the multi-layer building block of block connects, and the multi-layer building block assembled up and down passes through in part High-strength concrete is poured into a mould in the small post holes to connect and is fixed to one another integrally, is equipped with to lift by crane and assemble this in the piece wall At least one reinforcing bar of piece wall, the reinforcing bar is by the high-strength concrete inserted and be fixed in small post holes.
Four improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal is:The cross rib is to connect two of two longitudinal block walls respectively to be oppositely arranged Cross rib is formed with the main cavity along segment heights direction perforation block body between two cross ribs, and every layer is built main cavity in the block Connect with main cavity in the block is built with the adjacent layer that assembles up and down, the main cavity be used for by set up column steel pipe, by setting up column Reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet, the main sky to connect by the upper and lower multi-layer building block assembled equipped with the column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar Intracavitary note is filled with concrete and forms stem.
What the present invention proposed to solve above-mentioned technical problem the five of technical solution is:A kind of heat insulation prefabricated wall, the heat preservation Precast wall body is a piece of wall assembled from bottom to top by building block in advance before existing construction of building a wall, and the building block is formed with edge Its short transverse penetrates through the cavity of block body, is formed with half vertical recessed channel, every layer of block on the building block side along short transverse Half recessed channel between block and this layer of adjacent building block is formed with a complete small post holes to merging, and every layer is built cavity in the block and small Post holes builds cavity in the block with the adjacent layer that assembles up and down respectively and small post holes connects, and the cavity is used for by setting up column steel It manages, by column reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet is set up, coagulation is filled with by note in the big cavity equipped with the column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar Soil simultaneously forms stem, and the multi-layer building block assembled up and down in the small post holes partly to connect by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete and each other It is integrally fixed, is equipped with to lift by crane and assemble at least one reinforcing bar of the piece wall in the piece wall, the reinforcing bar, which is pressed, to be inserted simultaneously It is fixed in the high-strength concrete in small post holes.
Being further improved for above-mentioned technical proposal be:Equipped with multiple tracks for the air flue hole for dehumidifier of radiating, institute in the piece wall It states air flue hole and closes on piece wall outer side face setting and the longitudinally through piece wall.
It is of the invention to be using the effect of above-mentioned technical proposal:When being scorched in full summer by the sun due to exterior wall, south, west metope temperature Degree is risen up to 70 degree or so, seriously affects wall service life and city miniclimate, is used to radiate by being equipped with multiple tracks in the piece wall The air flue hole of dehumidifier, gas air flue hole close on piece wall outer side face setting and the longitudinally through piece wall, can both prevent wall from opening It splits, leak, going mouldy also solves the problem that because wall stores the drawbacks such as heat dissipation influence cell comfort level.
What the present invention proposed to solve above-mentioned technical problem the six of technical solution is:A kind of prefabricated buildings, as right will The heat insulation prefabricated wall described in 1,2,5,6,7,8,9 or 10 is sought, a piece of wall of same layer and neighboring walls are passed through into a shape, L Shape, T-shaped or cross connection cylinder are connected to each other to form every layer of room wall, are then built in every wall of every layer of room wall by multilayer By column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar is set up in the cavity that block connects, then, note fills out concrete by column steel pipe or vertical in cavity Column reinforcing bar is fixed and forms column, then, then collar tie beam and floor is set on every layer of room wall, then repeats above-mentioned steps, by Layer is repeatedly.
Six improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal is:The piece wall at the doorway of prefabricated buildings or window hole is in vivo Noted in small post holes has high-strength compound concrete in fact.
Being further improved for the six of above-mentioned technical proposal be:By the column steel pipe in every wall or the upper end of column reinforcing bar Screw portion is made as, the column steel pipe in every wall or the lower end of column reinforcing bar are spirally connected nut, then every by every layer of room wall In the lower end of the column steel pipe of wall or column reinforcing bar insertion docking fastener tube, dock fastener tube hypomere be made as can inlay card live spiral shell Female sleeve-shaped docks the lower mouth flare of fastener tube, then, using docking fastener tube by the column in lower floor's neighboring walls To be docked with nut in the lower mouth of the flare of the screw portion of steel pipe or column reinforcing bar upper end importing docking fastener tube, turn thereafter Dynamic docking fastener tube, after nut docks tightening with the column steel pipe in lower floor neighboring walls or the screw portion of column reinforcing bar upper end Pull out fastening conduit.
Description of the drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram one of the heat insulation prefabricated wall of the embodiment of the present invention one.
Fig. 2 is the stereogram one of Fig. 1 building blocks.
Fig. 3 is the stereogram two of Fig. 1 building blocks.
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is the heat insulation prefabricated wall stereogram of Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is Fig. 1 cavitys by the heat insulation prefabricated wall assembling structure schematic diagram one equipped with column steel pipe.
Fig. 7 is Fig. 1 cavitys by the heat insulation prefabricated wall assembling structure schematic diagram two equipped with column steel pipe.
Fig. 8 is the structure diagram two of the heat insulation prefabricated wall of the embodiment of the present invention one.
Fig. 9 is the part heat insulation prefabricated wall stereogram of Fig. 8.
Figure 10 is the assembling structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1 heat insulation prefabricated walls
Figure 11 is the assembling structure schematic diagram of Figure 10 heat insulation prefabricated walls
Figure 12 is the structure diagram of the heat insulation prefabricated wall of the embodiment of the present invention two.
Figure 13 is the sectional view of Figure 12.
Figure 14 is the structure diagram of the heat insulation prefabricated wall of the embodiment of the present invention three.
Figure 15 is the sectional view of Figure 14.
Figure 16 is the stereogram of Figure 14.
Figure 17 is the structure diagram one of the heat insulation prefabricated wall of the embodiment of the present invention four.
Figure 18 is the assembling structure schematic diagram two of the heat insulation prefabricated wall of the embodiment of the present invention four.
Figure 19 is the structure diagram of four building block one of the embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 20 is the structure diagram of four building block two of the embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 21 is the structure diagram of four building block three of the embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 22 is the structure diagram of four building block four of the embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 23 is the structure diagram of five building block one of the embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 24 is the structure diagram of five building block two of the embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 25 is the structure diagram of five building block three of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment one
The heat insulation prefabricated wall of the present embodiment, as shown in Figures 1 to 5, the heat insulation prefabricated wall are pre- before existing construction of building a wall The a piece of wall first assembled from bottom to top by building block 1.Building block 1 is formed with the cavity 1- along its short transverse perforation block body 1 and small post holes 1-2, cavity 1-1 be along 1 short transverse of building block perforation, one evacuation chamber of block body, two evacuation chambers, three emptyings Chamber, even more evacuation chambers.
Cavity 1-1 and small post holes 1-2 in every layer of building block 1 build cavity 1-1 in the block with the adjacent layer assembled up and down respectively It connects with small post holes 1-2.Cavity 1-1 be used for by set up column steel pipe, by setting up column reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet 1-3.
Concrete is filled with by note in the cavity equipped with column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar and forms stem.Cavity 1-1 is by setting up Column steel pipe 2, as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7.In this way, column steel pipe 2 inject concrete armored concrete stem, this stem steel The mashed up antidetonation bearing wall being disposed in macropore as the more high residential buildings of large bay of muscle, can install foregoing in large bay The slim precast wall body of non-bearing.
The multi-layer building block 1 assembled up and down in the small post holes 1-2 partly to connect by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete and each other It is integrally fixed.Equipped with for lifting by crane and assembling at least one reinforcing bar of the piece wall in the piece wall, reinforcing bar is by slotting and fixed In high-strength concrete in small post holes 1-2.
Convex ribs and groove are formed respectively at 1 top and bottom of building block of the present embodiment.Every layer of building block 1 and the phase assembled up and down Tenon grafting is aligned by convex ribs and groove one by one between adjacent bed building block and closes fixation, in order to enable building wall is secured, every layer of building block 1 With closing and fixing by the tenon grafting that misplaces of convex ribs and groove between the adjacent layer building block that assembles up and down.Convex ribs and groove are to be located at respectively At the small post holes 1-2 of building block 1 while muscle and while slot.
The shape being connected with neighboring walls, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross connection are formed in the every wall of the present embodiment Cylinder, a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross connection cylinder are respectively by the in vivo shape of the piece wall, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross building block It assembles and is made up and down.It can be cementing by the cement base of the 1-5mm thickness of coating between two neighboring building block 1 in the piece wall Material carries out the fixation that is connected to each other.
Certainly, act on to completely eliminate the heat bridge of wall, preferably kept the temperature, as shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, this implementation The heat insulation prefabricated wall of example is made of two panels wall and the continuous heat preservation plate body 3 being clamped between two panels wall.The piece Equipped with multiple tracks for the air flue hole for dehumidifier of radiating in wall, piece wall outer side face setting and the longitudinally through piece are closed in air flue hole Wall.
During practice of construction, heat insulation prefabricated wall pre-production in factory is good, then is assembled at the construction field (site), saves Construction time, improve construction quality.In this way, pass through clamped between two panels wall one continuous heat preservation plate body 3 so that wall Body acts on completely without heat bridge, high insulating effect.
A kind of prefabricated buildings of the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, will be same using above-mentioned heat insulation prefabricated wall The a piece of wall of layer is connected cylinder by a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross with neighboring walls and is connected to each other to form every layer of room wall, so Afterwards by column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar is set up in the cavity to be connected by multi-layer building block of every wall of every layer of room wall, then, Note fills out concrete and fixes column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar and form column in cavity, then, then is set on every layer of room wall Collar tie beam and floor then repeat above-mentioned steps, successively repeatedly.Simultaneously at the doorway of prefabricated buildings or window hole Noted in the in vivo small post holes 1-2 of the piece wall has high-strength compound concrete in fact.
Column steel pipe in every wall or the upper end of column reinforcing bar can be made as screw portion by the present embodiment, by every wall The lower end of column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar in body is spirally connected nut, then column steel pipe or column by every wall of every layer of room wall In the lower end insertion docking fastener tube of reinforcing bar, dock fastener tube hypomere be made as can inlay card live the sleeve-shaped of nut, docking fastening The lower mouth flare of pipe, then, using docking fastener tube by the column steel pipe in lower floor's neighboring walls or column reinforcing bar upper end Screw portion import docking fastener tube flare lower mouth in be docked with nut, thereafter rotate docking fastener tube, treat spiral shell The screw portion of column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar upper end in female neighboring walls with lower floor pulls out fastening conduit after docking tightening.
Embodiment two
The heat insulation prefabricated wall of the present embodiment is the improvement on the basis of embodiment one, as shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, with embodiment Unlike one:The heat insulation prefabricated wall be it is existing build a wall construction before in advance by sand aerated concrete block cutting form it is a piece of Wall.Little groove 1-4 is formed with by grid-shaped cross arrangement on face inside and outside the piece wall, which is equipped with perforation should High-strength concrete is cast in multiple through hole 1-5 in face inside and outside piece wall, little groove 1-4.
The piece wall is equipped with to lift by crane and assemble at least one reinforcing bar of the piece wall, and reinforcing bar is by inserting and be fixed on small In high-strength concrete in groove 1-4.
Embodiment three
The heat insulation prefabricated wall of the present embodiment is the improvement on the basis of embodiment one and embodiment two, such as Figure 14 to Figure 16 institutes Show, unlike embodiment one:The heat insulation prefabricated wall be it is existing build a wall construction before ready-made a piece of wall, the piece At least one column steel pipe is longitudinally equipped in wall.
The piece wall is by the slim plate body 1-6 of the outer concrete set gradually from outside to inside, drop sound insulating layer 1-7 and interior coagulation The slim plate body 1-8 compositions of soil.Light aggregate concrete connecting pole 1-9, light aggregate concrete connecting pole are equipped at intervals in the piece wall 1-9 is through drop sound insulating layer 1-7 and by the slim plate body 1-8 of inner concrete, the slim plate body 1-6 of outer concrete and drop sound insulating layer 1- 7, which are connected to each other, is integrally fixed.
Outer reinforced mesh is equipped in the outer slim plate body 1-6 of concrete, interior reinforced mesh is equipped in inner concrete the thin plate body, The joint steel pipe for connecting inside and outside reinforced mesh is equipped in light aggregate concrete connecting pole 1-9, has been tamped in the pore of joint steel pipe Light aggregate concrete.
Thickness >=150mm of the slim plate body 1-8 of inner concrete of the present embodiment, interior reinforced mesh are two bar reinforcement networks Piece connects /V transverse bar between two bar reinforcement network pieces, is welded and fixed between /V transverse bar and joint steel pipe.
Air flue hole of the multiple tracks for dehumidifier of radiating is equipped in the slim plate body 1-6 of outer concrete of the piece wall of the present embodiment 1-10, air flue hole 1-10 close on piece wall outer side face setting and the longitudinally through piece wall.
In order to preferably make continuous entirety(Up to tens of layers)Formula seismic shear wall, can will be in the heat insulation prefabricated wall The tenon that an at least root post steel pipe is set to the lifting dead axle heart closes steel pipe, lifting contraposition and lower floor's wall(Or in ground)On extend through building The steel reinforcement abutting joints in face weld and after closure application seams, and pumping note tamps concrete.
Example IV
The heat insulation prefabricated wall of the present embodiment is the improvement on the basis of embodiment one, embodiment two and embodiment three, and above-mentioned Unlike embodiment:As shown in Figure 17 and Figure 18, the heat insulation prefabricated wall be it is existing build a wall construction before in advance by building block 1 from The a piece of wall assembled on down.
Building block 1 is the I-shaped building block being made of two longitudinal block walls being oppositely arranged with being connected the cross rib of two longitudinal block walls, It is opposite between every layer of I-shaped building block and this layer of adjacent I-shaped building block to close up and be formed with a complete cavity 1-1, building block 1 It is formed with and connects small post holes 1-2, cavity 1-1 and small post holes 1-2 at two longitudinal block wall tie points along segment heights side positioned at cross rib To perforation block body.
Cavity 1-1 and small post holes 1-2 in every layer of building block 1 build cavity in the block and small with the adjacent layer assembled up and down respectively Post holes connects.Cavity 1-1 be used for by set up column steel pipe 2, by set up column reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet.By equipped with column steel pipe 2 Or the interior notes of cavity 1-1 that the upper and lower multi-layer building block assembled of column reinforcing bar connects are filled with concrete and form stem.
The multi-layer building block assembled up and down is fixed to one another by pouring into a mould high-strength concrete in the small post holes partly to connect Integrally, it is equipped with to lift by crane and assemble at least one reinforcing bar of the piece wall in the piece wall, reinforcing bar is by inserting and be fixed on small In high-strength concrete in post holes.
By setting up column steel pipe 2 such as in cavity 1-1, can column steel pipe 2 inject concrete reinforced concrete core Column, the mashed up antidetonation bearing wall being disposed in macropore as the more high residential buildings of large bay of this stem reinforcing bar, in large bay In the slim precast wall body of foregoing non-bearing can be installed.
As shown in Figure 19 to Figure 22, the cross rib of the present embodiment is two horizontal strokes being oppositely arranged for connecting two longitudinal block walls respectively Rib, is formed with the main cavity along segment heights direction perforation block body between two cross ribs, every layer build main cavity in the block and With the adjacent layer that assembles up and down main cavity in the block is built to connect, main cavity be used for by set up column steel pipe, by set up column reinforcing bar or Insulation sheet is clamped, notes and is filled in the main cavity to connect by the upper and lower multi-layer building block assembled equipped with column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar Concrete and form stem.Certainly, cross rib can also be a plurality of cross rib.The lower mouth of the main cavity of building block is in eight word bell mouth shapes, is built The periphery suitable for reading of the main cavity of block be correspondingly provided with a circle can therewith tenon close flange collar.It, can be by building after piece wall lifting is in place Design requirement is inserted into column steel pipe 2 or column reinforcing bar in main cavity, and then note fills out concrete, finally sets after collar tie beam floor again Lift above-mentioned wall ... ....
Equipped with multiple tracks for the air flue hole for dehumidifier of radiating in the piece wall of the present embodiment, air flue hole is closed on outside the piece wall Side is set and the longitudinally through piece wall.
Certainly, half vertical recessed channel, small post holes 1-2 can also be formed with along short transverse on 1 side of building block of the present embodiment It can also be formed with by half recessed channel 4 between every layer of building block building block adjacent with this layer to merging.In the building block 1 of the present embodiment It is formed with convex ribs and groove.Tenon is aligned one by one between every layer of building block 1 and the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down by convex ribs and groove to insert Engagement is fixed, in order to enable building wall is secured, it can also be by convex between every layer of building block 1 and the adjacent layer building block assembled up and down Muscle and groove dislocation tenon grafting are closed and fixed.Convex ribs and groove are the sides being located at respectively at the top and bottom of the small post holes 1-2 of building block 1 Muscle and side slot.
The piece wall of the present embodiment is also formed with the shape being connected with neighboring walls, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross connection Cylinder, a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross connection cylinder are a shape, the L being spliced into respectively by the in vivo I-shaped building block of the piece wall Shape, T-shaped or cross building block assemble about 1 to be made.The 1- of coating can be passed through between two neighboring building block 1 in the piece wall The cement base cementitious matter of 5mm thickness carries out the fixation that is connected to each other.
Embodiment five
The heat insulation prefabricated wall of the present embodiment is the improvement on the basis of above-described embodiment, as shown in Figure 23 to Figure 25, and above-mentioned Unlike embodiment:The heat insulation prefabricated wall is assembled from bottom to top by building block 1 in advance before existing construction of building a wall A piece of wall, building block 1 are formed with the cavity 1-1 along its short transverse perforation block body, and building block is formed on 1 side along short transverse Half vertical recessed channel 4.
Half recessed channel 4 between every layer of building block and this layer of adjacent building block is formed with a complete small post holes to merging, every layer Cavity 1-1 and small post holes in building block 1 build cavity in the block with the adjacent layer assembled up and down respectively and small post holes connects.
Cavity 1-1 be used for by set up column steel pipe, by set up column reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet.By equipped with column steel pipe or column Note is filled with concrete and forms stem in the big cavity of reinforcing bar, and the multi-layer building block assembled up and down passes through in the pillar partly to connect High-strength concrete is poured into a mould in hole and is fixed to one another integrally, is equipped with to lift by crane and assemble the piece wall at least in the piece wall One reinforcing bar, reinforcing bar is by the high-strength concrete inserted and be fixed in small post holes.
The lower mouth of the cavity of the building block 1 of the present embodiment is in eight word bell mouth shapes, and the periphery suitable for reading of building block cavity is correspondingly provided with One circle can therewith tenon close flange collar.The building block 1 of the present embodiment is a shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or cross building block, and cavity 1-1 is arranged on one Shape, L-shaped, T-shaped or the apex of cross building block.
The present invention is not limited to above-described embodiment.All technical solutions formed using equivalent substitution, all falling within the present invention will The protection domain asked.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of heat insulation prefabricated wall, it is characterised in that:The heat insulation prefabricated wall is in advance by building block before existing construction of building a wall The a piece of wall assembled from bottom to top, the building block are formed with the cavity along its short transverse perforation block body, the block Half vertical recessed channel is formed on block side along short transverse, half recessed channel between every layer of building block building block adjacent with this layer is to merging A complete small post holes is formed with, cavity in the block and small post holes is built for every layer and builds sky in the block with the adjacent layer assembled up and down respectively Chamber and small post holes connect, the cavity be used for by set up column steel pipe, by set up column reinforcing bar or clamping insulation sheet, by equipped with described Note is filled with concrete and forms stem in the big cavity of column steel pipe or column reinforcing bar, and the multi-layer building block assembled up and down passes through in portion It pours into a mould high-strength concrete in the small post holes of split-phase perforation and is fixed to one another integrally, be equipped with to lift by crane and assemble in the piece wall At least one reinforcing bar of the piece wall, the reinforcing bar is by the high-strength concrete inserted and be fixed in small post holes.
2. heat insulation prefabricated wall as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Multiple tracks is equipped in the piece wall for dehumidifier of radiating Air flue hole, the air flue hole close on the piece wall outer side face set and the longitudinally through piece wall.
CN201711265882.4A 2016-05-16 2016-05-16 Heat insulation prefabricated wall Pending CN108049525A (en)

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