CN102444233A - Multifunctional assembling and pouring type templated block, use method and use thereof - Google Patents

Multifunctional assembling and pouring type templated block, use method and use thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102444233A
CN102444233A CN2011102949703A CN201110294970A CN102444233A CN 102444233 A CN102444233 A CN 102444233A CN 2011102949703 A CN2011102949703 A CN 2011102949703A CN 201110294970 A CN201110294970 A CN 201110294970A CN 102444233 A CN102444233 A CN 102444233A
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China
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building block
panel
hole
building
block
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CN2011102949703A
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Chinese (zh)
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王小松
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王小松
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Priority to CN2011102949703A priority Critical patent/CN102444233A/en
Publication of CN102444233A publication Critical patent/CN102444233A/en

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a multifunctional assembling and pouring type templated block, a use method and a use thereof. The multifunctional assembling and pouring type templated block comprises a front panel (1) and a rear panel (2), wherein the front panel (1) and the rear panel (2) are parallel to the wall body. The front panel (1) and the rear panel (2) are connected by a middle plate (3) arranged between the two panels. The side surfaces of the front panel (1) and the rear panel (2) are provided with convex ribs (6) or notches (7). In the two relatively-arranged side surfaces of the middle plate (3), one side surface is arranged into a whole body groove (9), and the other side surface is arranged into a whole body groove (9) or a flat surface or a convex block. The block of the present invention has the following advantages that: the mutual clamping and assembling structure is adopted, the block can be applicable for a plurality of uses, the block has advantages of small volume, light weight, quick construction, insulation and water proofing, low construction cost, good earthquake-proof structure of the construction, energy saving, environmental protection, and quality standardization; with the block, the architectural industrialization is easily achieved.

Description

Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block and method for using and purposes

Technical field

The present invention relates to the building block field, particularly a kind of multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block and method for using and purposes.

Background technology

Body of wall is the important component part of building.The design of the structure of body of wall should have at least enough bearing capacities with stability, have the thermal insulation sound insulation value, meet fire protection requirement, moistureproof and waterproof requires, the requirement of industrialization of construction industry.

But; China's present stage traditional architecture industry is not completely free of the handwork pattern of Qin brick and Han tile formula as yet, and whole labor productivity comprehensive quality low, building is low, and resource consumption is high, the building waste degree of contamination is high; The mode of production of this extensive style; Do not meet the sustainable development requirement of China " 12 " planning, the incompatible needs that improve the housing construction quality need be reformed.

This traditional form of structure of masonry structure wall, especially solid clay brick is one of form of structure the most frequently used in the current construction work, this type of is built in all kinds of buildings of China so far still in occupation of the ratio more than 75%.There are following drawback in tradition brick or building block (comprising solid and hollow brick, other light aggregate building block brick and the rectangular slab of stone brick etc. of widely used common shale sintering solid brick and hollow brick, concrete block and clinker brick at present) with constructed body of wall and construction technique thereof: unreasonable structure cause antidetonation to be taken precautions against natural calamities workshop-based construction that ability, block-by-block build by laying bricks or stones causes that work efficiency is low, construction be difficult to strict control cause metope to flake peeling off the infiltration of leaking, be unfavorable for the concealed installation of spool circuit need use in the time of need using a large amount of bracing frame pipe cost of idleness resources and duration, cast-in-place wall/post/beam when laying, being unfavorable for the thermal insulation sound insulation of energy saving building, cast-in-situ floor a large amount of wall column beam construction formwork cost of idleness resources and duration, architecture and decoration serious disconnect almost will not decorate the building construction mode that can not satisfy ecological, environmental protective and hommization demand, masonry when integral process, building block that link incorporates building operations are used to protect bank bank protection bank protection revetment single lack diversity can only fissure of displacement construction when building by laying bricks or stones can not the straight joint construction and the building block technique function singleness do not cause range of application narrow comprehensively, thereby lack heat insulation function, lack water-proof function, can't satisfy ecologically require, do not have template function or do not have substantial templating effect, block too heavy not light when causing constructing poor stability and the high and too much dependence of the low labour intensity of efficient mechanical in that much occasions are inapplicable.

When tradition brick wall body structure such as need are secretly spread spool; To on the brick wall body, preset the groove hole or lay other fluting of back and hole; So further reduce wall body structure safety, also be prone to percolating water, the foaming of flaking, surface layer peeling phenomenon and waste material and manual work; Tradition building block and body of wall do not have the additional thermal insulation function; Do not belong to energy saving building; Body of wall after building by laying bricks or stones such as the sound insulation of need thermal insulation, then must be on metope the single pavement insulation layer need the secondary construction, not only waste resources costs, standardization level is low, aided process is many; And this insulation layer needs use cost and life-span that regular update is safeguarded also directly influences building because it is not integral body and intrinsic application life with construction wall; Once more, because insulation layer is attached to the body of wall outside separately, also inflammable, security against fire property is poor.Traditional architecture and indoor and outdoor are decorated serious the disconnection, decorate seldom can incorporate in advance in the building, cause and repeat the construction and the wasting of resources.Such as all secondary constructions again after civil engineering and the completion of wall construction operation of outdoor wall decoration, indoor wall tile fixing, repeat construction and produce more building waste, not only waste resources costs but also be unfavorable for standardization.

The tradition building block is when building river levee retaining wall revetment, well wall by laying bricks or stones; The revetment face that forms is often smooth tight seamless, and this type application has following deficiency: the first, if having the people to fall into water accidentally or fall in the well; Then can't cause meaningless human loss easily along the wall disembarkation of saving oneself; The second, smooth wall bank also makes riverbank revetment retaining wall become permanent barren land, the growing environment of no flowers and plants vegetation, and reduced the biological institute of staying in procreation of natural, ecologicals such as fish shrimp crab, be unfavorable for the protection of ecological environment and ecological circulation; The 3rd, because the tradition pattern of building by laying bricks or stones that adopts is built, cause not having inner body drawknot structure, collapse easily, come down, influence safety and use, later maintenance cost is huge; The 4th; Tradition river levee revetment " fits together perfectly "; Make and touch the water surface and do not have any communicating with back side, on the bank natural ponding can not be seen through and can only " wall more " like rain water from body of wall, this meet ecological requirement; Such wall does not have " the permeable soil that stays " function, and desirable effect is: make rainwater, the ponding on limit, river levee riverbank infiltrate in the river levee naturally and earth can not infiltrate.

The tradition building block is when building the bank protection revetment on highway both sides, irrigation and water conservancy soil guarantor bank revetment by laying bricks or stones; Weak point increases security risk and the maintenance cost except the inner no whole syndeton of masonry collapses easily; Has no the flowers and plants plant on the bank protection revetment after building by laying bricks or stones; Also be a nonvolatil barren land, be unfavorable for protection ecology and beautify the environment; And this type of allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column does not have " the permeable soil that stays " function: or earth and water flow out simultaneously, or earth and water do not flow out, and desirable effect is: make rainwater, the ponding of protecting bank wall the inside infiltrate naturally wall outward and earth can not flow out.

The tradition allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column is increasing the metope moulding, the advertisement frame is being set, is changing on the architectural appearance form and lack flexibility; Owing to masonry inherently safe structural factor reason; Be not easy to stretch out and expand space; Cause the stiff pattern of matchbox-type of masonry building, be unfavorable for making up ecotecture with multiculture element.

The tradition brickwork connects effect (vertically reinfocing effect) in order to increase to add when building by laying bricks or stones, " straight joint " construction is forbidden in all strict regulations employings " fissure of displacement " in the existing construction, " tear " construction, and regulation fissure of displacement width must not be less than certain numerical value.This is because traditional building block is to adopt block-by-block " masonry method " construction of plastering, and blockhouse lacks mutual card connection member especially masonry is inner in the masonry does not have that reliable whole stressed syndeton causes.But the straight joint construction has the excellent characteristics of himself: assembling construction is easy, efficiency of construction is high, the blocks shape specification standards are unified, auxiliary block of concrete is few, be convenient to quality inspection.Be used in a lot of at home and abroad shield tunnels of architectural straight joint technology.When having ready conditions, should rationally adopt the straight joint construction, with the raising work efficiency, but the stereotyped fissure of displacement that adopts all of masonry project is constructed at present, lacks diversity.

Like CN 1054901C, " building block, its manufacturing approach and use the building construction of this building block " disclosed, this building block function singleness, no thermal insulation sound arrester does not have thermal insulation sound insulation function, is not suitable for building energy-conservation and noise barrier; Mutual card device about nothing, left and right sides adjacent block does not have mutual card assembling linkage function, and inconvenient contraposition is fast installed when building by laying bricks or stones, and efficient is not high; The last fin of building block and the following recess corresponding with it are not a continuous integral body, and the centre is broken off, and is unfavorable for the integral waterproofing antiseep; Mesopore in the middle of the long limit of building block and all around build that the groove shape strictness corresponds to semicircle and with the circle of radius; Thereby the hole shape underaction has limited the size of concrete-core column; Its plug hole radius size receives the restriction of block thickness; Plug hole cross-sectional area in the middle of causing can not be too big, be unfavorable for having more load-bearing shearing resistance demand occasions such as the number of plies is higher or earthquake zone on the building of building.

CN 86106157A; Disclose " assembling building block and use the building method of this building block "; Though this building block is provided with longitudinal hole,, concrete or reinforcement concrete stem stem have been formed even concrete has been filled in cast therein; But can not when building, the mortar between adjacent block be formed automatically simultaneously, it is bonding that blockhouse still need be smeared slurry; This building block does not have and laterally builds groove and device thereof, can not form horizontal concrete stem stem or reinforcement concrete stem stem, can not body of wall be formed an inner Cast-in-place concrete lacing wire and connect whole; When laying spool, can not arbitrarily laterally lay, vertically lay only, needing will be with passing the beam of spool from the wall top when laterally laying, and inconvenient spool is laid; Building block does not have the thermal insulation sound arrester, does not have thermal insulation sound insulation function, is not suitable for energy-saving wall and builds, and function is few.

CN 2858834Y discloses " multi-occupancy building building block ", and this building block function is few, and no any equipped putting and function that clamp mutually can not realize that assembling builds by laying bricks or stones, and inconvenient contraposition is fast installed when building by laying bricks or stones, and efficient is not high; Do not have any thermal insulation sound arrester, do not have thermal insulation sound insulation function, be not suitable for energy-saving wall and build with sound-proof wall body and build; Length in claims of this building block is 1200mm, high 300mm, and building block is too heavy; Do not realize its said lightweight purpose; Be unfavorable for manual work especially vertical transport, site operation, bigger to the dependence of plant equipment, poor stability during construction; Be not easy to penetration and promotion, more be not suitable for promoting in the vast rural area of China; Mesopore in the middle of the long limit of this building block and all around build that the groove shape strictness corresponds to semicircle and with the circle of radius; The hole shape underaction; Its pouring hole radius size receives the restriction of block thickness; Pouring hole cross-sectional area in the middle of causing can not be too big, be unfavorable for having more load-bearing shearing resistance demand occasions such as the number of plies is higher or earthquake zone on building; This building block still belongs to the building block scope, does not have the template action on the essential meaning, and the post of the bigger cross-sectional area of more can not satisfying the demand, beam forms use (like highrise building more).

Existing building block can not the fundamentally comprehensive multiple functional requirement that solves present all kinds of construction walls in architecture ground.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to overcome the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art, provide a kind of have clamp mutually join linkage, substitute multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block and method for using and purposes masonry method, that have construction formwork function and decoration functions with casting method.

The object of the invention is realized through following technical scheme: multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel and rear board with body of wall; Front panel and rear board are connected through the intermediate plate that is located between two plates, and the side of front panel and rear board is provided with fin or recess, in relative two sides of intermediate plate; A side is set to the entire body groove, and another side is set to entire body groove or plane or projection.

Described front panel and/or rear board are provided with the heat preservation and soundproof hole slot, and said heat preservation and soundproof hole slot is that plate and/or rear board are inner along vertical and/or the hole slot that horizontal direction is provided with and/or the groove that the edge is vertical and/or horizontal direction is extended at plate and/or rear board edge in front in front.

According to the described multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block of claim, described intermediate plate also is provided with the hole B of vertical and/or horizontal direction, and said hole B is through hole or blind hole.

Described front panel and/or rear board are provided with several hole A perpendicular to its external surface, and said hole A is through hole and/or blind hole, and through hole runs through intermediate plate.

Described front panel and/or rear board are provided with several through holes and/or several blind holes, and through hole runs through intermediate plate.

The end of described intermediate plate is connected with end wall, and end wall and front panel and rear board are as a whole.

The external surface of described front panel and/or rear board offers the notch that matches with face plate edge.

The external surface of described front panel and/or rear board is a decorative cover.

The method for using of multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block, said building block adopt vertical opposite joint job practices or vertical fissure of displacement job practices construction, and it may further comprise the steps:

A, according to form the designed use of body of wall, select the building block of corresponding specification; Said multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block laterally joined form horizontal wall layer; Blockhouse need not plastering and building; Described wall laminated layer by layer forms the cast-in-place wall form of disposable building block formula, cast-in-place beam column template, and adjacent multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block interconnects chucking through fin and recess; When body of wall need form the wall end at the edge that comprises door/window/wall hole, then adopt to have the concrete block masonry of end wall; When body of wall need form corner, then adopt the front and back panel external surface to be provided with the building block of notch; When building building is higher, the building block of several big specifications then is set, with shear wall or the constructional column that forms big specification;

B, with reinforcing bar implant form between adjacent block build in the recess space and/or the hole B of building block intermediate plate in and form reliable tension rib net, with the required spool circuit of using of building be embedded in the recess space that forms between adjacent block or the hole B of the intermediate plate of building block in;

After C, concrete block masonry become horizontal cross to be positioned at the wall, post of sustained height; In accomplishing the recess space that forms between the adjacent block of building by laying bricks or stones and/or the hole B disposable integral fluid concrete of building block intermediate plate; And vibration compacting, so that form the reliable steel concrete stem stem net that connects of inner body;

D, continue to build by laying bricks or stones, bar planting, build, until accomplishing building of body of wall, collar tie beam, lintel.

The purposes of multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block is the application of said building block in building body of wall, irrigation and water conservancy and road both sides bank protection Bao Kanqiang, river levee revetment, decorative wall, enclosure wall, city and highway noise barrier, ecological wall, people's air defense and blindage fortification, underground building body of wall.

Described decorative wall comprises and is used to place body of wall of flowers or body of wall or the ecological wall that the bank protection bank protection is used that this body of wall is made up of the different building block of plate thickness or has moulding piece or panel building block with holes to constitute by panels outside.

The present invention has the following advantages: (1), the block-by-block that has improved traditional solid or hollow sintering shale loam brick and the conventional concrete blockwork bonding masonry way of plastering; Become the whole connected mode of disposable layered cast-in-situ; Promptly become " building by laying bricks or stones " and be " building ", safe earthquake-proof: this be because of building block of the present invention when building by laying bricks or stones, all can form one in the contact surface between any adjacent block and build groove, build the space; In this builds the space during cast-in-situ concrete; Automatically form concrete mortar slurry mouth, flow into the slit between the building block automatically, again the block-by-block plastering and building.Accelerate and simplified that construction sequence, quality specifications are unified, well antidetonation more of overall structure.

(2), the spool circuit that has improved traditional allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column is secretly spread mode: when building building block by laying bricks or stones, the required spool of building is embedded in builds in the groove in advance, make dark shop spool simple and fast, convenient and reliable.

(3), improved the integral waterproofing leakage performance of traditional allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column: when body of wall needs waterproof and antiseepage; Fin and corresponding following recess (when being used for retaining wall then shouldn't this fin recess) be set between the building block upper and lower surfaces, and moisture is difficult for getting into opposite side from a side of wall; Simultaneously; When blockwork cast-in-situ concrete formed body of wall inner concrete core post, through the necessary concrete mortar operation of vibrating, its mortar slurries flowed into the slit between each building block automatically; Self-packing; Good seal performance, globality good seal are difficult for infiltration, thereby reach waterproof and antiseepage performance efficiently.Simultaneously, when building block had insulation layer, because the setting of insulation layer makes the contact plane of blockhouse imperfect, in order to reach the purpose of antiseep waterproof, a small amount of weather proofing sealant of one deck or the slurry around insulation groove end face, smeared when building by laying bricks or stones also can be guaranteed waterproof and antiseepage.

(4), improved the thermal insulation sound insulation function of traditional allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column; And can be according to different demands and the optimized choice collocation: when building needs the body of wall of thermal insulation sound insulation; Select for use in this building block specification with the building block of corresponding attemperator, comprising: multilayer, bilayer or individual layer attemperator, in the insulation groove, can insert the light heat insulation material of corresponding specification when building by laying bricks or stones; Like polyphenyl plate, aerating (foaming) concrete block or other lightweight heat-proof sound insulation materials, being incubated also can be vacant when less demanding.

The support pipe support quantity when (5), having reduced the available frame structure construction and the usage quantity of template; Saved resources costs: as previously mentioned; Because the templating building block has substantial template function, needs other template can accomplish the concreting of wall, post, beam hardly; Owing to be the completion synchronously of wall, post, beam when building by laying bricks or stones, during with beam, body of wall can the load-bearing considerable part support, and has therefore reduced the quantity of support pipe support, thereby has saved resources costs and duration at the floor in pouring construction later stage.

(6), more decoration functions have been incorporated to building block; Having reduced civil engineering and decoration repeats to produce building waste and has practiced thrift resources costs: when building block is made in factory; Can be in factory that the decoration functions on the said building block panel is simultaneously integrated in advance; As: if paste inner wall decoration ceramic tile, brush exterior wall coating material, wall decoration moulding combination, in advance with the decoration of exterior wall light fixture be integrated in the building block, can also be on house wall scaffold hole when the air-conditioning through hole on local plantation flowers and plants, the body of wall and building change the building block that has through hole between the panel and get final product etc., convenient and swift.

Ecological, environmental protective function when (7), having increased building block and be used to build bank protection and protect the bank bank protection: make to have moulding through hole or blind hole or its combination on two panels of building block; Make said body of wall have " the permeable soil that stays " function, and the hommization ecological functions when being used for river levee revetment and well bank wall.

(8), improved the shortcoming of the existing building block technique function singleness similar with the present invention, thereby have compliance and multiple function with strong points, formed a complete novel system.

(9), multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block of the present invention; Make said building block have the template function on the essential meaning; Body of wall mainly is that inner cast-in-place stem stem net realized the load-bearing shearing resistance; Thereby realized building block according to the invention in " the vertical opposite joint construction " method in when construction, that is: the building block slit of levels adjacent block is relative during building construction.The advantage of straight joint job practices is: assembling construction is easy, and efficiency of construction is high, and building block size shape specification standards are unified, needn't need auxiliary block of concrete and needn't the sawing building block, can align automatically, be convenient to calibrate alignment, thereby be convenient to construction quality inspection; When building by laying bricks or stones, can select above-mentioned " vertical opposite joint " job practices or traditional fissure of displacement job practices according to actual requirement, form of construction work can be selected flexibly, is more conducive to improve efficiency of construction.

(10), make building block according to the invention can be used for building of highrise building and become possibility: especially if institute's depth of building of building is higher or when being on the earthquake zone; Except that adopting the bigger templating building block of specification, the cross-sectional area of post and beam forms building block can correspondingly strengthen, and templating block profile size is deferred to unified modulus rule; Compatible good like this; Be easy to generally, reduce cost, and reach requirements such as design load-bearing shearing resistance; In the functional hole of said building block, insert light heat insulation material or use the synthetic concrete of light aggregate to make building block, can also be used for building by laying bricks or stones of hollow non-bearing wall body, sound-insulating and heat-insulating more when effectively alleviating wall weight.

In sum, the present invention has promoted the traditional concept of building block, has improved the traditional architecture pattern, thereby is easy to realize the industrialization of construction industry new system pattern of sustainable development.The manufacturing of said building block is manufactured by professional batch production is unified; Adopt the mold production that precision is high, tolerance is little, standard is unified, like this, the good planeness of the body of wall that building block forms; Do not need on metope, to carry out again after-treatments such as plaster leveling, save cost.In this, be equivalent to make the notion of distinctive " rubbed bricks with tight joints " senior building technology in the Ancient Times in China building to obtain the extension on the Modern Significance, the wide excellent architecture culture of Ancient Times in China.The manufacturing of said building block can be adopted mechanization production or on-mechanical production, and mechanization production can be adopted pressure type or vibration-type, and on-mechanical production is produced in batches by same standard is unified such as the various moulds that a plurality of equal specifications are set in factory.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a plan structure sketch map of the present invention

Fig. 2 is a main TV structure sketch map of the present invention

Fig. 3 is a left TV structure sketch map of the present invention

Fig. 4 blocks the block structure sketch map about being mutually

Fig. 5 for up and down mutually the card, one-sided insulation groove block structure sketch map

Fig. 6 is card, bilateral insulation, intermediate plate center block structure sketch map with holes mutually up and down

Fig. 7 is card, one-sided double-layer heat insulation, intermediate plate center block structure sketch map with holes mutually up and down

Fig. 8 be about mutually card, level to bilateral insulation, intermediate plate center block structure sketch map with holes

Fig. 9 is card, bilateral insulation, one-sided two insulations, intermediate plate center block structure sketch map with holes mutually up and down

Figure 10 is the end block structure sketch map of band right part wall

Figure 11 is the end block structure sketch map of band left part wall

Figure 12 is the block structure sketch map that blocks, is with the left part wall up and down mutually, is provided with notch

Figure 13 is for card, front panel and rear board are established the block structure sketch map of hole A mutually up and down

Figure 14 is for card, front panel are established the block structure sketch map by the fin moulding mutually up and down

Figure 15 adopts the wall body structure sketch map of concrete block masonry

Figure 16 uses the wall body structure sketch map for the bank protection Bao Kan that adopts concrete block masonry

Figure 17 is the structural representation of the inside stem stem of cast

Figure 18 is the structural representation of the decorative wall of employing concrete block masonry

Among the figure, 1-front panel, 2-rear board, 3-intermediate plate, 4-upper surface A, the right surfaces A of 5-, 6-fin; The 7-recess, 8-upper surface B, 9-entire body groove, the right surperficial B of 10-, 11-end wall, 12-heat preservation and soundproof hole slot; The 13-hole slot, 14-groove, 15-hole A, 16-hole B, 17-notch, 18-stem stem.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is done further description, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the following stated:

Like Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3; Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel 1 and rear board 2 with body of wall; Front panel 1 and rear board 2 are connected through the intermediate plate 3 that is located between two plates, and the upper surface A4 of front panel 1 or rear board 2 is provided with a horizontally extending fin 6 at the most, and the soffit A of front panel 1 or rear board 2 is provided with a recess 7 at the most; The right surfaces A 5 of front panel 1 or rear board 2 is provided with a vertically extending fin 6 at the most; The left surface A of front panel 1 or rear board 2 is provided with a recess 7 at the most, and the shape that fin 6 reaches corresponding with it recess 7 can be square, as to be with chamfering or fillet square or arc; The soffit B and the left surface B of intermediate plate 3 are respectively arranged with entire body groove 9; The upper surface B8 of intermediate plate 3 and right surperficial B10 are set to entire body groove 9 or plane or projection; The cross section profile of upper surface B8 and right surperficial B10 can be arbitrary curve and surrounds, like semicircle, circular arc, ellipse, triangle, polygon or the polygon of band fillet or the combination in any of above-mentioned figure.

Front panel 1 and/or rear board 2 are provided with heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12, and it is inner along vertical and/or hole slot 13 that horizontal direction is provided with and/or be provided with vertical of plate 1 and/or rear board 2 edges and/or groove 14 that horizontal direction is extended in front that said heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 is included in front panel 1 and/or rear board 2; Said hole slot 13 can be through hole or blind hole, and the cross-sectional profiles of hole slot 13 can be any closed curve.

Also be provided with the hole B16 of vertical and/or horizontal direction on the intermediate plate 3; Hole B16 is through hole or blind hole; The cross-sectional profiles of hole B16 can be any closed curve, like circular arc, ellipse, triangle, quadrangle, polygon or the polygon of band fillet or the combination in any of above-mentioned figure.

Front panel 1 and/or rear board 2 are provided with several hole A15 perpendicular to its external surface; Said hole A15 is through hole and/or blind hole; And through hole runs through intermediate plate 3; The cross section profile of said through hole or blind hole can be any closed curve, like circular arc, ellipse, triangle, quadrangle, polygon or the polygon of band fillet or the combination in any of above-mentioned figure.

The end of intermediate plate 3 is connected with end wall 11, and end wall 11 is an integral body with front panel 1 with rear board 2.

The external surface of front panel 1 and/or rear board 2 offers the notch 17 that matches with face plate edge.

The external surface of described front panel 1 and/or rear board 2 is a decorative cover, but external surface depiction, tile fixing, swabbing, the concavo-convex moulding combination of decoration etc. in advance.

Building block forms the surface configuration of metope, promptly mainly looks shape and can be designed as square or grow crosswise square or perpendicular rectangle.The panel of building block can be circular arc, to form the circular arc body of wall; The building block panel can be for irregularly shaped, and is to form irregular body of wall, shown in figure 18.

Four surfaces, the upper and lower, left and right of said building block are set to the plane when doing the wall end building block of corresponding upper and lower, left and right; When not using as the building block of wall end; Only if special purposes is arranged, otherwise be not set to the plane, connect in order to avoid influence the mutual card assembling of blockhouse.

Said building block can be used to form the building block sequence that two or more building blocks are formed, and this building block sequence can be the building block assembly that disposable integral is produced.Such as: be applied to the long building block with beam effect of door, window and top, wall hole, the dimensions of this length building block meets the modulus rule of standard block in this face wall body, is its integral multiple.

Said building block is when forming the wall end, and the wall end is the plane, on 3 sides of the respective intermediate plate in the building block, end wall 11 is set; The building block of a wall end has two adjacent end walls 11 at most simultaneously.The building block that is provided with end wall 11 is used for the edge in the body of wall termination of body of wall, door, window, wall hole.The building block of the left and right sides wall end after building also has the effect of pillar, the building block of wall end also had beam action up and down; In order to make the wall body structure safety and reliability; Therefore between two groups of sides of the intermediate plate 3 of wall end building block horizontal through hole and vertical through hole are set simultaneously preferably, and implant more number of steel bars and the intensity that guarantees concrete-core column during construction therein; Use the building block of wall end, substituted prefabricated or cast-in-place beam column, the accessory building template in the traditional architecture system, used,, reached and improved efficiency of construction and the purpose of practicing thrift cost because building block itself has the effect of beam column template.Constructing higher buildings maybe need increase body of wall when stressed, except that increasing reinforcing bar, also can use the wall end building block of big specification, such as: said building block intermediate plate is wideer, longer or higher.

When said building block is applied to the various function body of wall in the reality, has different use occasion characteristics.Such as, when need using insulation blocks, external wall of house just hole A15 need be set in said building block; Enclosure wall, bank protection revetment and river levee revetment then need not be provided with heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12, make it to have ecological functions but hole A15 can be set; The waterproof body of wall need be provided with fin 6 does not need the body of wall of waterproof that fin 6 and following recess 7 then can be set with following recess 7; The building block inside/outside panel surface of decorating wall need be provided with decoration functions, and the building block that is used for the underground pipeline wall does not then need.Therefore, building block according to the invention need be made the corresponding structure combination and variation according to different use occasions, and purpose is when realizing purpose according to the invention, can reach the best result of use of each use occasion, optimum cost performance.Said building block can have multiple combination and variation according to the difference in functionality occasion, realizing its multifunctional usage, such as:

A, when being used for self heat insulation wall; One group of vertical heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 or horizontal heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 or both need be set on said building block front and back panel at least to be provided with; According to the weather conditions of different regions, select to be provided with altogether in the said building block one group, two or more sets heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 during use, be provided with when organizing heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 more; Should select not have the combination of cold bridge formula insulation groove; Conduction of heat in effectively reducing between wall face reaches better heat insulation effect, and heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 can be groove or blind groove.According to the INSULATION DESIGN requirement of body of wall, fill corresponding heat insulating material therein, like polyphenyl plate, foamed concrete piece or other heat insulating material, can vacantly not fill any material yet.When insulated wall needs waterproof, can be set to up and down all syndetons of mutual card, during like no waterproof requirement, mutual card connection structure about also can only being set to.Have relatively high expectations like insulation; Can in the upright opening B16 on the intermediate plate of said building block or lateral aperture B16 or both, also insert heat insulating material simultaneously; Realize that again the assembling of blockhouse builds connection; When strengthening the heat preservation and soundproof performance, also effectively alleviated wall weight and kept body of wall overall structure safety.

B, when said building block is used for bearing wall; As be used to build higher building or building at earthquake zone and building in the neighbourhood; Horizontal through hole and vertical through hole are set on the building block intermediate plate, and both are all used as pouring hole, so that reliable more whole connection of body of wall inside; Implantable more reinforcing bar reaches better earthquake resistant structure simultaneously.

C, said building block be used for can not be too heavy fashionable; In order when effectively alleviating wall weight, to strengthen characteristics such as its antidetonation; Horizontal through hole or the vertical through hole of larger aperture and filling with light material therein can be set, like foamed concrete piece or polyphenyl plate or hollow light material on the intermediate plate of building block; Simultaneously also can adopt light aggregate concrete or other light material to produce said building block; Like foamed concrete, gas concrete, mix the concrete of an amount of granular polystyrene or expanded perlite; And then integral body is assembled, connection is built in inside, so just when alleviating wall weight, has also kept the performances such as high earthquake resistant structure of body of wall.

D, said building block are when being used for bank protection Bao Kanqiang or river levee and protecting the bank wall; Heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 is not set and the front and back panel of said building block or between through hole or blind hole or their combination are set and external surface protrusion moulding are set or make front and back panel variable thickness appearance; And the big slightly blind hole of relative aperture through hole is set on the end face near soil of through hole; In blind hole, insert the auxiliary material of respective shapes during on-the-spot wall constructed construction near soil one side; These auxiliary material have " the permeable soil that stays " function; As the permeable brick that adopts prior art to produce, thereby make whole body of wall have large-area " the permeable soil that stays " function, also can the built-in soil of hole in the through hole outside grow flowers grass, let fish shrimp crab in the river that the institute of the procreation of perching is arranged; Ecological, environmental protective and effect attractive in appearance had both been reached; The hommization effect that when being used for the river levee revetment or the borehole wall, also has " rescuing the people ": the personnel that fall into river can climb up the bank by the hole on panel voluntarily, needn't wait for that other people succour, and reduce unnecessary human loss.

When E, said building block were used for decorative wall or have the decorative wall of ecological functions, the front panel 1 of building block can have different thickness with rear board 2, but intermediate plate 3 thickness of same face wall are preferably identical; Also on the panel moulding projection with ecological decoration effect is set outside; Such as camber line shape etc., like this, the body of wall after building by laying bricks or stones will have staggered surface texture; Reach and decorate and ecological effect, also can incorporate multiple cultural element.Shown in figure 18.

F, said building block before being used for building construction, can be earlier in factory with the decorate properties design of surfaces externally and internally, produces, like this, during pouring construction, disposable completion is built and a part of decoration functions, has practiced thrift cost and duration at the scene.

Said building block can be implanted corresponding reinforcing bar in underground foundation before forming the foundation construction body of wall, form integral body with the above and below ground that cooperates body of wall tension rib net, and structure is better; When being used to make up bank protection bank protection body of wall, a buried anchoring drawknot post that advances in the soil is set at a certain distance, to strengthen the overall structure safety of bank protection bank protection body of wall.

Said building block is when forming construction wall; Crisscross being connected be equivalent to have several pillars and beam integral body to be integrated in the body of wall because body of wall is inner; Therefore when design or construction beam or post, reduced load designing requirement, improved the existing building pattern existing beam or post.

Said building block is equipped with the building block that panel outer surface is provided with notch 17 and realizes when forming the body of wall corner, and is shown in figure 12.For the technician of the industry, realize that the approach of allocation function building block of said building block is numerous, do not enumerate one by one at this.

Embodiment 1:

As shown in Figure 4; Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel 1 and rear board 2 with body of wall; Front panel 1 and rear board 2 are connected through the intermediate plate 3 that is located between two plates, and the right surfaces A 5 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a vertically extending fin 6, and the left surface A of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; And recess 7 and fin 6 corresponding settings; The soffit B and the left surface B of intermediate plate 3 are respectively arranged with entire body groove 9, and the upper surface B8 of intermediate plate 3 and right surperficial B10 are set to entire body groove 9.

Shown in figure 10; Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel with body of wall 1 and rear board 2, front panel 1 and rear board 2 are connected through the intermediate plate 3 that is located between two plates, and the upper surface A4 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a horizontally extending fin 6; The soffit of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7, and recess 7 and fin 6 corresponding settings; The left surface of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; The soffit of intermediate plate 3, upper surface B8 and left surface are respectively arranged with entire body groove 9, and the right-hand member of intermediate plate 3 is connected with an end wall 11, and end wall 11 is as a whole with front panel 1 and rear board 2.Front panel 1 is provided with heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 with rear board 2; Said heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 is included in the hole slot 13 and groove 14 of front panel 1 and the setting of rear board 2 vertical direction, and hole slot 13 can be through hole or blind hole, and rear board 2 is provided with two row's heat preservation and soundproof hole slots 12; The external surface of front panel 1 and rear board 2 is provided with the hole A15 perpendicular to this external surface; Hole A15 is a blind hole, also is provided with the hole B16 of vertical and horizontal direction on the intermediate plate 3, and said hole B16 is a through hole.

Shown in figure 11; Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel with body of wall 1 and rear board 2, front panel 1 and rear board 2 are connected through the intermediate plate 3 that is located between two plates, and the upper surface A4 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a horizontally extending fin 6; The soffit of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7, and recess 7 and fin 6 corresponding settings; The right surfaces A 5 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a vertically extending fin 6; The soffit of intermediate plate 3 and upper surface B8 are respectively arranged with entire body groove 9; The right surperficial B10 of intermediate plate 3 is set to the plane; And this plane exceeds the edge of the front panel 1 and the fin 6 of rear board 2 vertical direction extension; The left end of intermediate plate 3 is connected with an end wall 11, and end wall 11 is as a whole with front panel 1 and rear board 2.Front panel 1 is provided with heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 with rear board 2; Said heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 is included in the hole slot 13 and groove 14 of front panel 1 and the setting of rear board 2 vertical direction, and hole slot 13 can be through hole or blind hole, and rear board 2 is provided with two row's heat preservation and soundproof hole slots 12; The external surface of front panel 1 and rear board 2 is provided with the hole A15 perpendicular to this external surface; Hole A15 is a blind hole, also is provided with the hole B16 of vertical and horizontal direction on the intermediate plate 3, and hole B16 is a through hole.

Shown in figure 12; Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel with body of wall 1 and rear board 2, front panel 1 and rear board 2 are connected through the intermediate plate 3 that is located between two plates, and the upper surface A4 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a horizontally extending fin 6; The soffit of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7, and recess 7 and fin 6 corresponding settings; The right surfaces A 5 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a vertically extending fin 6; The soffit of intermediate plate 3, right surperficial B10 and upper surface B8 are respectively arranged with entire body groove 9, and the left end of intermediate plate 3 is connected with an end wall 11, and end wall 11 is as a whole with front panel 1 and rear board 2.The external surface of front panel 1 is provided with the notch 17 that matches with face plate edge.

The method for using of multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block may further comprise the steps:

A, according to form the designed use of body of wall, select the building block of corresponding specification; Said multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block vertically joined form the wall layer; Blockhouse need not plastering and building; Described wall laminated layer by layer forms the cast-in-place wall form of disposable building block formula, cast-in-place beam column template, and adjacent multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block interconnects chucking through fin 6 and recess 7; When body of wall need form the wall end at the edge that comprises door/window/wall hole, then adopt to have the concrete block masonry of end wall 11; When body of wall need form corner, then adopt the front and back panel external surface to be provided with the building block of notch 17; When building building is higher, the building block of several big specifications then is set, with shear wall or the constructional column that forms big specification;

B, with reinforcing bar implant form between adjacent block build in the recess space and/or the hole B16 of building block intermediate plate 3 in and form reliable tension rib net, with the required spool circuit of using of building be embedded in the recess space that forms between adjacent block or the hole B16 of the intermediate plate 3 of building block in;

After C, concrete block masonry become horizontal cross to be positioned at the wall, post of sustained height, in accomplishing the recess space that forms between the adjacent block of building by laying bricks or stones and/or the hole B16 disposable integral fluid concrete of building block intermediate plate 3, and vibration compacting; The concrete of cast forms the stem stem 18 that inner body reliably is connected with embedded bar.

D, continue to build by laying bricks or stones, bar planting, build, until accomplishing building of body of wall, collar tie beam, lintel.

The purposes of this building block is included in the application in building body of wall, irrigation and water conservancy, decorative wall, enclosure wall, city and highway noise barrier, ecological wall, people's air defense and blindage fortification, the underground building body of wall.

Decorative wall comprises and is used to place body of wall of flowers or body of wall or the ecological wall that the bank protection bank protection is used, and said body of wall is made up of the different building block of front and back panel thickness or is to have the building block of the decorative cover of moulding projection to constitute by panel outer surface.

The body of wall that the different building block of front and back panel thickness constitutes, the building block that panel is thicker are distributed in the thin building block of panel and form integral wall, and block surfaces formed a boss around the panel of the building block that panel is thicker exceeded it, and flowers can be positioned on the boss.

Embodiment 2:

As shown in Figure 5; Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel 1 and rear board 2 with body of wall; Front panel 1 and rear board 2 are connected through the intermediate plate 3 that is located between two plates, and the upper surface A4 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a horizontally extending fin 6, and the soffit of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; The right surfaces A 5 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a vertically extending fin 6, and the left surface of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; And recess 7 and fin 6 corresponding settings; The soffit of intermediate plate 3 and left surface are respectively arranged with entire body groove 9, and the upper surface B8 of intermediate plate 3 and right surperficial B10 are set to entire body groove 9.Rear board 2 is provided with heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12, and said heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 is the hole slot 13 that is provided with in the panel vertical direction.

The method for using of multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block may further comprise the steps:

A, according to form the designed use of body of wall, select the building block of corresponding specification; Said multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block vertically joined form the wall layer; Blockhouse need not plastering and building; Described wall laminated layer by layer forms the cast-in-place wall form of disposable building block formula, cast-in-place beam column template, and adjacent multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block interconnects chucking through fin 6 and recess 7; When body of wall need form the wall end at the edge that comprises door/window/wall hole, then adopt among the embodiment 1 like Figure 10, the concrete block masonry with end wall 11 shown in Figure 11; When body of wall need form corner, then adopt front and back panel external surface shown in figure 12 among the embodiment 1 to be provided with the building block of notch 17; When building building is higher, the building block of several big specifications then is set, with shear wall or the constructional column that forms big specification;

B, with reinforcing bar implant form between adjacent block build in the recess space and/or the hole B16 of building block intermediate plate 3 in and form reliable tension rib net, with the required spool circuit of using of building be embedded in the recess space that forms between adjacent block or the hole B16 of the intermediate plate 3 of building block in;

After C, concrete block masonry become horizontal cross to be positioned at the wall, post of sustained height, in accomplishing the recess space that forms between the adjacent block of building by laying bricks or stones and/or the hole B16 disposable integral fluid concrete of building block intermediate plate 3, and vibration compacting; Shown in figure 17, the concrete of cast forms the stem stem 18 that inner body reliably is connected with embedded bar.

D, continue to build by laying bricks or stones, bar planting, build, until accomplishing building of body of wall, collar tie beam, lintel.

The purposes of said building block is included in the application in building body of wall, decorative wall, enclosure wall, the insulated wall.

Described decorative wall comprises and is used to place body of wall of flowers or body of wall or the ecological wall that the bank protection bank protection is used, and said body of wall is made up of the different building block of front and back panel thickness or is to have building block decorative cover or panel A15 with holes of moulding projection to constitute by panel outer surface.

The said body of wall that constitutes by the different building block of front and back panel thickness; The building block that panel is thicker is distributed in the thin building block of panel and forms integral wall; Block surfaces formed a boss around the panel of the building block that panel is thicker exceeded it, and flowers can be positioned on the boss.

Shown in figure 15; Adopt the body of wall of multi-functional assembling pouring type templating concrete block masonry; The space that entire body groove 9 between the hole B16 of intermediate plate 3 and two adjacent block on the intermediate plate 3 forms forms builds the space, can load thermal insulation medium in the heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 on the panel.

Embodiment 3:

As shown in Figure 6; Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel 1 and rear board 2 with body of wall; Front panel 1 and rear board 2 are connected through the intermediate plate 3 that is located between two plates, and the upper surface A4 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a horizontally extending fin 6, and the soffit of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; The right surfaces A 5 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a vertically extending fin 6, and the left surface of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; And recess 7 and fin 6 corresponding settings; The soffit of intermediate plate 3 and left surface are respectively arranged with entire body groove 9, and the upper surface B8 of intermediate plate 3 and right surperficial B10 are set to entire body groove 9.Front panel 1 is provided with heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 with rear board 2, and said heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 is at the vertically disposed hole slot 13 of panel.Also be provided with the hole B16 of vertical direction on the intermediate plate 3, said hole B16 is a through hole.

The method for using of this building block and purposes are with embodiment 2.

Embodiment 4:

As shown in Figure 7; Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel 1 and rear board 2 with body of wall; Front panel 1 and rear board 2 are connected through the intermediate plate 3 that is located between two plates, and the upper surface A4 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a horizontally extending fin 6, and the soffit of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; The right surfaces A 5 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a vertically extending fin 6, and the left surface of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; And recess 7 and fin 6 corresponding settings; The soffit of intermediate plate 3 and left surface are respectively arranged with entire body groove 9, and the upper surface B8 of intermediate plate 3 and right surperficial B10 are set to entire body groove 9.Rear board 2 is provided with heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12, and said heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 is included in the groove 14 of the vertical direction extension that hole slot 13 that rear board 2 vertical direction are provided with and plate 2 edges in the back are provided with.Also be provided with the hole B16 of vertical direction on the intermediate plate 3, said hole B16 is a through hole, and said through hole cross section is semicircle.

The method for using of this building block and purposes are with embodiment 2.

Embodiment 5:

As shown in Figure 8; Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel with body of wall 1 and rear board 2, front panel 1 and rear board 2 are connected through the intermediate plate 3 that is located between two plates, and the right surfaces A 5 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a vertically extending fin 6; The left surface of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7, and recess 7 and fin 6 corresponding settings; The soffit of intermediate plate 3 and left surface are respectively arranged with entire body groove 9, and the upper surface B8 of intermediate plate 3 and right surperficial B10 are set to entire body groove 9.Front panel 1 is provided with heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 with rear board 2, the groove 14 that extends on the horizontal direction of said heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 for the hole slot 13 of plate 1 and rear board 2 horizontal direction settings in front and plate 1 edge setting in front.Also be provided with the hole B16 of vertical direction and horizontal direction on the intermediate plate 3, said hole B16 is a through hole.

The method for using of this building block and purposes are with embodiment 2.

Embodiment 6:

As shown in Figure 9; Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel 1 and rear board 2 with body of wall; Front panel 1 and rear board 2 are connected through the intermediate plate 3 that is located between two plates, and the upper surface A4 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a horizontally extending fin 6, and the soffit of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; The right surfaces A 5 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a vertically extending fin 6, and the left surface of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; And recess 7 and fin 6 corresponding settings; The soffit of intermediate plate 3 and left surface are respectively arranged with entire body groove 9, and the upper surface B8 of intermediate plate 3 and right surperficial B10 are set to the plane, and this plane is concordant with fin 6.

Front panel 1 is provided with heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 with rear board 2; Said heat preservation and soundproof hole slot 12 is the hole slot 13 that is provided with of plate 2 vertical direction in the back; The groove 14 that extends on the vertical direction of the hole slot 13 of plate 1 vertical direction setting and plate 1 edge setting in front in front, the external surface of front panel 1 and rear board 2 is provided with the hole A15 perpendicular to this external surface, and hole A15 is a blind hole; Also be provided with the hole B16 of vertical direction on the intermediate plate 3, said hole B16 is a through hole.

The method for using of this building block and purposes are with embodiment 2.

Embodiment 7:

Shown in figure 13; Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel 1 and rear board 2 with body of wall; Front panel 1 and rear board 2 are connected through the intermediate plate 3 that is located between two plates, and the upper surface A4 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a horizontally extending fin 6, and the soffit of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; The right surfaces A 5 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a vertically extending fin 6, and the left surface of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; And recess 7 and fin 6 corresponding settings; The soffit of intermediate plate 3 and left surface are respectively arranged with entire body groove 9, and the upper surface B8 of intermediate plate 3 and right surperficial B10 are set to entire body groove 9.External surface on front panel 1 and the rear board 2 is provided with the hole A15 perpendicular to this external surface, and hole A15 is a through hole, and this through hole runs through intermediate plate 3.

The method for using of this building block is with embodiment 2.

The purposes of said building block is included in the application in irrigation and water conservancy and road both sides bank protection Bao Kanqiang, river levee revetment, decorative wall, enclosure wall, city and highway noise barrier, ecological wall, people's air defense and the blindage fortification.

Described decorative wall comprises and is used to place body of wall of flowers or body of wall or the ecological wall that the bank protection bank protection is used that this body of wall is made up of the different building block of front and back panel thickness.

The said body of wall that constitutes by the different building block of front and back panel thickness; The building block that panel is thicker is distributed in the thin building block of panel and forms integral wall; Block surfaces formed a boss around the panel of the building block that panel is thicker exceeded it, and flowers can be positioned on the boss.

Shown in figure 16, adopt the bank protection Bao Kan of this multi-functional assembling pouring type templating concrete block masonry to use body of wall, this through hole can be plant growing the space is provided.

Embodiment 8:

Shown in figure 14; Multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel 1 and rear board 2 with body of wall; Front panel 1 and rear board 2 are connected through the intermediate plate 3 that is located between two plates, and the upper surface A4 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a horizontally extending fin 6, and the soffit of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; The right surfaces A 5 of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a vertically extending fin 6, and the left surface of front panel 1 and rear board 2 respectively is provided with a recess 7; And recess 7 and fin 6 corresponding settings; The soffit of intermediate plate 3 and left surface are respectively arranged with entire body groove 9, and the upper surface B8 of intermediate plate 3 and right surperficial B10 are set to entire body groove 9.Be processed with one group of fin moulding on the external surface of front panel 1.

The method for using of this building block is with embodiment 2.

The purposes of this building block is included in the application in building body of wall, river levee revetment, decorative wall, enclosure wall, city and highway noise barrier, the ecological wall, the irregular body of wall that this building block of employing shown in figure 18 forms.

Claims (10)

1. multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block; Comprise two front panels parallel (1) and rear board (2) with body of wall; Front panel (1) and rear board (2) are connected through the intermediate plate (3) that is located between two plates; It is characterized in that: the side of front panel (1) and rear board (2) is provided with fin (6) or recess (7); In relative two sides of intermediate plate (3), a side is set to entire body groove (9), and another side is set to entire body groove (9) or plane or projection.
2. multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described front panel (1) and/or rear board (2) are provided with heat preservation and soundproof hole slot (12), and said heat preservation and soundproof hole slot (12) is that plate (1) and/or rear board (2) are inner along vertical and/or the hole slot (13) that horizontal direction is provided with and/or the groove (14) that the edge is vertical and/or horizontal direction is extended at plate (1) and/or rear board (2) edge in front in front.
3. multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described intermediate plate (3) also is provided with the hole B (16) of vertical and/or horizontal direction, and said hole B (16) is through hole or blind hole.
4. multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described front panel (1) and/or rear board (2) are provided with several hole A (15) perpendicular to its external surface; Said hole A (15) is through hole and/or blind hole, and through hole runs through intermediate plate (3).
5. multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the end of described intermediate plate (3) is connected with end wall (11), and end wall (11) is as a whole with front panel (1) and rear board (2).
6. multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the external surface of described front panel (1) and/or rear board (2) offers the notch (17) that matches with face plate edge.
7. multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the external surface of described front panel (1) and/or rear board (2) is a decorative cover.
8. the method for using of multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: vertical opposite joint job practices or vertical fissure of displacement job practices construction are adopted in said building block, and it may further comprise the steps:
A, according to form the designed use of body of wall, select the building block of corresponding specification; Said multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block laterally joined form horizontal wall layer; Described wall laminated layer by layer forms the cast-in-place wall form of disposable building block formula, cast-in-place beam column template, and adjacent multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block interconnects chucking through fin (6) and recess (7); When body of wall need form the wall end, then adopt to have the concrete block masonry of end wall (11); When body of wall need form corner, then adopt the front and back panel external surface to be provided with the building block of notch (17); When building building is higher, the building block of several big specifications then is set, with shear wall or the constructional column that forms big specification;
B, with reinforcing bar implant form between adjacent block build in the recess space and/or the hole B (16) of building block intermediate plate (3) in and form reliable tension rib net, with the required spool circuit of using of building be embedded in the recess space that forms between adjacent block or the hole B (16) of the intermediate plate of building block (3) in;
After C, concrete block masonry become horizontal cross to be positioned at the wall, post of sustained height, in accomplishing the recess space that forms between the adjacent block of building by laying bricks or stones and/or hole B (16) the disposable integral fluid concrete of building block intermediate plate (3), and vibration compacting;
D, continue to build by laying bricks or stones, bar planting, build, until accomplishing building of body of wall, collar tie beam, lintel.
9. the purposes of multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the application of said building block in building body of wall, irrigation and water conservancy and road both sides bank protection Bao Kanqiang, river levee revetment, decorative wall, enclosure wall, city and highway noise barrier, ecological wall, people's air defense and blindage fortification, underground building body of wall.
10. the purposes of multi-functional assembling pouring type templating building block according to claim 9; It is characterized in that: described decorative wall comprises and is used to place body of wall of flowers or body of wall or the ecological wall that the bank protection bank protection is used, and said body of wall is made up of the different building block of front and back panel thickness or is to have building block decorative cover or panel A with holes (15) of moulding projection to constitute by panel outer surface.
CN2011102949703A 2011-09-27 2011-09-27 Multifunctional assembling and pouring type templated block, use method and use thereof CN102444233A (en)

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CN102733531A (en) * 2012-07-16 2012-10-17 朱明艳 Double-layer thermal insulation building block
CN103088938A (en) * 2013-01-22 2013-05-08 山东农业大学 Hidden framework energy-saving building block wall body
CN103993696A (en) * 2014-05-21 2014-08-20 邵才仁 Wall body building block, wall body and construction method of wall body
CN105040888A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-11 烟台驰龙建筑节能科技有限公司 Broken bridge lightweight building block, broken bridge lightweight wall and wall building method
CN105780726A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-07-20 周进 Brick and method for building dam on water with bricks
CN106436642A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-02-22 南昌大学 Assembly type rolled recycled aggregate concrete revetment
CN107313400A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-11-03 交通运输部天津水运工程科学研究所 A kind of concrete protecting face plate and the pavement structure using the protection slab
WO2017197853A1 (en) * 2016-05-16 2017-11-23 史世英 Insulation precast wall and prefabricated building
CN109653428A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-04-19 东南大学 A kind of two dimension pass wall body brick and its production technology
CN110067171A (en) * 2019-05-13 2019-07-30 石家庄市政设计研究院有限责任公司 A kind of water penetration anti-settling road and its construction method

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CA2044928A1 (en) * 1991-06-18 1992-12-19 Dennis Kuchma Structural concrete brick and method of construction using same
US5802797A (en) * 1994-12-30 1998-09-08 Jannock Limited Dry-stackable masonry unit and methods of manufacture and use
CN201245907Y (en) * 2008-04-15 2009-05-27 苗永生 Heat preservation heat insulating concrete module structure
CN201209287Y (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-03-18 徐金山 Energy-saving building blocks
CN101285330A (en) * 2008-05-23 2008-10-15 上海德滨机械设备科技有限公司 Environment protection type structure thermal insulation concrete block, masonry and method for anti-knock domestic architecture
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CN102733531A (en) * 2012-07-16 2012-10-17 朱明艳 Double-layer thermal insulation building block
CN102733531B (en) * 2012-07-16 2015-01-14 朱明艳 Double-layer thermal insulation building block
CN103088938A (en) * 2013-01-22 2013-05-08 山东农业大学 Hidden framework energy-saving building block wall body
CN103993696A (en) * 2014-05-21 2014-08-20 邵才仁 Wall body building block, wall body and construction method of wall body
CN105040888A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-11 烟台驰龙建筑节能科技有限公司 Broken bridge lightweight building block, broken bridge lightweight wall and wall building method
WO2017197853A1 (en) * 2016-05-16 2017-11-23 史世英 Insulation precast wall and prefabricated building
CN105780726A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-07-20 周进 Brick and method for building dam on water with bricks
CN105780726B (en) * 2016-05-18 2018-10-23 周进 A kind of brick and the method for building dike on the water using the brick
CN106436642A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-02-22 南昌大学 Assembly type rolled recycled aggregate concrete revetment
CN107313400A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-11-03 交通运输部天津水运工程科学研究所 A kind of concrete protecting face plate and the pavement structure using the protection slab
CN109653428A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-04-19 东南大学 A kind of two dimension pass wall body brick and its production technology
CN110067171A (en) * 2019-05-13 2019-07-30 石家庄市政设计研究院有限责任公司 A kind of water penetration anti-settling road and its construction method

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