CN101457556A - Core beam constructional column mixed combination wall, building method and relevant building block - Google Patents

Core beam constructional column mixed combination wall, building method and relevant building block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101457556A
CN101457556A CNA2006101071086A CN200610107108A CN101457556A CN 101457556 A CN101457556 A CN 101457556A CN A2006101071086 A CNA2006101071086 A CN A2006101071086A CN 200610107108 A CN200610107108 A CN 200610107108A CN 101457556 A CN101457556 A CN 101457556A
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building
building block
brick
slotted eye
concrete
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CNA2006101071086A
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Chinese (zh)
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罗进南
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罗进南
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Priority to CN200610092935.2 priority
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Priority to CNA2006101071086A priority patent/CN101457556A/en
Publication of CN101457556A publication Critical patent/CN101457556A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for constructing a hybrid type compound wall with a core beam to be matched with a constructional column for use and a hybrid type compound wall thereof. The hybrid type compound wall basically has the same technique as the existing brick-concrete buildings and framed buildings, and is very simple, cheap and reliable; the bearing and the shock resistant performances, heat preservation performance without a cold bridge, economic performance, land-saving performance, overall combination property and the like of the wall body or the building can be completely and greatly improved with breakthroughs. Based on the existing technology and equipment of building materials and construction trade, the emery-saving building provided with the wall body with the energy-saving rate of over 65%-75% can be built. The invention is improved and designed with a clear aim according to the functions of a transverse bar slotted hole building block and a matched wall building block.

Description

The construction method of core beam constructional column mixed combination wall and building and relevant building block

The invention belongs to improvement to the compound wall building method and the building block that matches; Belong to extensiveization to porous building, porous building-brick, deepization, superior improvement.

The implication of slotted eye building block at first is described, building block described here can be concrete block, aerated blocks, the lightweight concrete building block of solid or porous; It also includes the brick class, comprises general clinker brick, non-burning brick, also comprises the energy-conservation brick that notions such as porous brick, light-weight brick, microporous brick, sludge fly ash brick overlap.Here the slotted eye of indication is meant the open bar-shaped trough that is positioned at block surfaces or vertex angle part.

It belongs to No. 200510067196.7 Chinese invention patent applications " a kind of slotted eye building block or brick and light shear wall and related building and job practices ", 200520115442.7 number utility application " a kind of brick and building block and rebar connector weld assembly " with arrangement of reinforcement half hole, 200510091249.9 the novel Slotted brick or the slotted eye building block that are put forward in three patent applications such as number application for a patent for invention " multi-functional no cold bridge composite hollow building block and no cold bridge self heat insulation wall and building ", and relevant novel building, the improvement of novel building method and perfect.

Wherein arrangement of reinforcement half hole in No. 200520115442.7 utility application belong to be positioned at the building block side or above bar-shaped trough; The bar-shaped trough that is arranged in the building block vertex angle part then occurs at the multi-functional no cold bridge composite hollow building block of No. 200510091249.9 applications for a patent for invention more.

Above-mentioned three patent application projects in fact all belong to porous building-brick to porous brick and so on, porous building materials, porous building deeply and the improvement of system and extensive and deep multipurposeization.Wherein the essence of No. 200510067196.7 applications for a patent for invention and No. 200520115442.7 utility application is to utilize hole in the building block to be used for reinforcing bar in body of wall configuration vertical, horizontal; Be in the scope of whole body of wall, with rationally, to make things convenient for configuration reinforcement be main shaft, slotted hole structure with building block or brick is an architecture basics, improve, improve loose structure, make the specific slotted eye colony that is distributed in numerous given block, the fragment of brick, become effectively, convenient, dispose the efficient cavity system of reinforcing bar in length and breadth at an easy rate.200510091249.9 the essence of number application for a patent for invention is on this basis, further hole in the building block or efficient cavity system are used for filling heat insulating wall, and it is extended to the surface of building block, and then extend to the existing multiple cold bridge of surface of wall position, and partly be that the whole body of wall of core node, whole architecture enclosing are gone along with sb. to guard him with constructional column, collar tie beam, realize the compound insulation structure of comprehensive and continuous no cold bridge.

In a word, these three described technology of patent application project gather together, and can effectively solve a series of keys of relating to self-heat conserving, self-supporting energy-conserving construction wall and core problem.

When the fractional energy savings standard of energy saving building was more and more higher, the self-heat conserving of its body of wall, self-supporting more and more became the contradictory problems that is difficult to be in harmonious proportion.Because for self-heat conserving, require the heat-proof quality of building block or brick to get well.And the heat-proof quality one of building block or brick is good, and it is just poor or poor that it carries, holds the ability of cutting antidetonation, and the building of being built just can not maybe can not be built highly by self-supporting.

This has seriously limited popularization and the development of self-heat conserving, self-supporting energy saving building.

More than three patent applications by in body of wall, especially in energy-saving building blocks, the energy-conservation brick body of wall of building, effectively dispose the method for reinforcing bar, particularly transverse reinforcement in length and breadth, can solve this contradictory problems especially effectively to being difficult to be in harmonious proportion.

After adopting these technology, can adopt energy-saving earth clinker brick, lightweight concrete building block, traditional building materials such as non-burning brick, build body of wall fractional energy savings 65% to the self-heat conserving more than 75%, self-supporting energy-saving wall or energy saving building and come out.Can also build body of wall fractional energy savings 75% to the mixing insulation more than 85%, self-supporting energy-saving wall or energy saving building comes out.

And the fractional energy savings index of existing energy-conservation brick wall body can only reach about 50% at most reluctantly, also require under body of wall very dry situation, to test, otherwise, can not be up to standard.

Can define the generation of energy saving building; Ten years can be released generation energy saving building new standard substantially.The comparison other of building energy saving rate index is clay tile wall, loam brick brick-concrete building.

First generation energy saving building, the building energy saving rate index is 30%, the time that begins to carry out is before 2000.

Second generation energy saving building, building energy saving rate index are 50%, and Ministry of Construction's regulation played compulsory execution in 2010.

Third generation energy saving building, building energy saving rate index are 65%, and Ministry of Construction's regulation the year two thousand twenty plays compulsory execution.

The energy saving building of the 4th generation, building energy saving rate index are 75%, and the time of implementation of regulation is not also arranged, and should be able to carry out about the year two thousand thirty.

The energy saving building of the 5th generation, building energy saving rate index are 80% to 85%, and the time of implementation of regulation is not also arranged, and should be able to carry out after the year two thousand thirty.

As seen, after adopting above-mentioned three described technology of patent application project, the fractional energy savings index that can make self-heat conserving, self-supporting energy-saving wall or the energy saving building of adopting traditional construction material is by the awkward situation of pacing up and down, do not reach second generation energy saving building standard for a long time, and a step strides into the high level of the third generation, the 4th generation energy saving building standard; May reach the superelevation level of the 5th generation energy saving building standard even.Its technological value, economic worth can not be underestimated.

But above patent application not to the transverse reinforcement concrete core beam that this efficient cavity system is disposed mix use with the longitudinal structure post, the technical scheme of building mixed combination wall by laying bricks or stones carries out special, concrete deep elaboration explanation.And this mixed combination wall technical scheme is as described below, still has very significantly advantage, is sought after being goed deep into, comprehensively excavates, studies, develops.

The purpose of invention: with the method with slotted eye building block configuration horizontal bar that No. 200510067196.7, No. 200520115442.7, No. 200510091249.9 etc. patent application was proposed is the research basis, comprehensively, in depth develop the reinforced concrete core beam mixes use, builds the mixed combination wall of two way system by laying bricks or stones with constructional column method, comprising the method for the mixed combination wall of energy-conservation forms such as complex heat-preservation; And, necessary improvement, simplification, optimization are carried out in the slotted eye building block of configuration horizontal bar and the walling unit that is used according to the needs of implementing said method; In short: promote the energy saving building of slotted eye arrangement of reinforcement brick, construction system in the enforcement as early as possible of energy saving building, the building field that saves land, extensively promote and expanded application.

The method of invention:

1, with the reinforced concrete core beam of above-mentioned three patent applications and this slotted eye concrete block masonry of the present invention, be used with present extensively that adopt, the most general, common reinforced concrete structural column, build the mixed combination wall and the building thereof of slotted eye building block core beam and constructional column and blockwork by laying bricks or stones.

2, in the slotted eye building block, offer the needs of building method that suitable open groove satisfies the mixed combination wall of this two way system.

After doing like this, make the construction technology of hybrid combining body of wall of the present invention and the structure of slotted eye building block, simplify to some extent than stem stem core beam construction method of being mentioned in above-mentioned three patent applications and slotted eye building block (in No. 200520115442.7 utility application, being referred to as half hole brick), expansion to some extent, the kind veriety of the slotted eye building block that it need prepare significantly reduces, consider the surprising huge usage quantity of building block assembled wall, consider numerous construction workers' actual techniques quality, they are to simply, the serious hope degree of laborsaving technology, consider development of real estate person and users unremitting pursue to the building ratio of performance to price, hybrid combining wall building method of the present invention and corresponding slotted eye building block have very great, very far-reaching technology and economic worth.

The characteristics that this hybrid combining wall reaches by the building of its structure are, have slotted eye building block core beam stem stem compound wall building simultaneously and hold the advantage that the ability of cutting is strong, fractional energy savings is high, with the advantage that ordinary construction column combination wall building is constructed easily and built, collect the great achievement of the two advantage.

This hybrid combining wall or by the building of its structure has simultaneously overcome the shortcoming of simple constructional column compound wall building and simple slotted eye building block core beam stem stem compound wall building again:

Simple constructional column compound wall building particularly the shortcoming of the simple constructional column compound wall energy efficient building of self-heat conserving to be that supporting capacity is particularly held the ability of cutting (bearing the ability of shearing) poor, especially using aerated blocks, the light block of compound concrete block, during light-weight brick, all the more so, this is for building self-supporting, the energy-saving wall of self-heat conserving, energy efficient building is totally unfavorable, and the construction self-supporting, the energy-saving wall of self-heat conserving, energy efficient building is current, exactly be again that China very needs, must not quite go up large on the spy, main joint energy product, this has become China to have to step, and be a high bank that is difficult to pass over, become the hard nut to crack on building circle.

Shortcoming as above-mentioned three the simple slotted eye building block core beam stem stem compound wall buildings that patent application proposed is in the vertical muscle of configuration, horizontal bar and longitudinal and transverse muscle intersection part, the arrangement of reinforcement Slotted brick needs multiple slotted eye arrangement of reinforcement and joins brick and be used, their shape or kind are different, can be to storage, purchase, the transportation of building block manufacturing, building block, building by laying bricks or stones of body of wall brings a series of inconvenience trouble, and this brings sizable unfavorable factor can for startup, popularization, the development of simple slotted eye building block core beam stem stem compound wall building.

Therefore, the reinforced concrete core beam of slotted eye building block of the present invention configuration mix use with constructional column, the technical scheme advantage of building mixed combination wall by laying bricks or stones be very obviously, very huge; By the concrete elaboration of following many accompanying drawings, many embodiment, these advantages will display further.

Wherein:

Accompanying drawing 1 is the front elevational schematic of slotted eye building block (1);

Accompanying drawing 2.a is for having the front elevational schematic of the building block of holding chamfered groove hole (3);

Accompanying drawing 2.b is the schematic side view of this building block;

Accompanying drawing 3.a is the schematic top plan view of body of wall of the present invention

Accompanying drawing 3.b then is the vertical section schematic diagram of this body of wall.

In the accompanying drawings: 1, (configuration horizontal bar) slotted eye building block 2, top slotted eye 3, end chamfered groove hole 4, reinforcing bar or reinforcing bar sheet or reinforcing bar cage 5, horizontal reinforcing bar or reinforced mesh or reinforcing cage longitudinally

The hybrid combination body of wall of building by laying bricks or stones from slotted eye building block core beam is cooperated mixing use with constructional column and the process of building thereof are talked about earlier, and this building method and the product configurations of building by laying bricks or stones thereof are similar with the building method and the architectural construction of brick-concrete building (also can be described as the masonry building) or frame building (comprising the light building of special-shape column frame): the reinforcing bar cage (4) that constructional column can vertically be set on the fixed position of relevant constructional column earlier; Body of wall between the building structure post then, last mounting template is built construct column; Just adopt first walling body, after build constructional column job practices; Also both precedence exchange, employing can be built the job practices of (framework) constructional column, back walling body earlier; It is characterized in that:

A, in the process of construction wall, every once build a skin claim 8,9 described slotted eye building blocks (1) by laying bricks or stones to a few skin building blocks, and slotted eye (2) opening of this kind building block (1) is made progress, slotted eye is end to end, upper surface in this building block layer forms a horizontal arrangement of reinforcement elongated slot, can increase by a skin slotted eye building block (1) in case of necessity, as threading or poling groove;

B, when adopting the method for first wall rear pillar, configuration is on-the-spot in this arrangement of reinforcement elongated slot ties up or prefabricated horizontal reinforcing bar or reinforced mesh or reinforcing cage (5), and with they and reinforcing bar cage (4) longitudinally pass through, location, colligation or be fastenedly connected, the constructional column part that wherein intersects part at reinforcing bar in length and breadth, can increase stirrup is set, can also be on the horizontal bar of this position or horizontal bar net sheet welding 1 at the most root with its mutually the anchoring of vertical lack muscle; After adopting first post during the method for wall, can on constructional column, stay built-in connection or stay and pass through the hole, be fastenedly connected or be welded to connect the transverse reinforcement or steel mesh reinforcement or the reinforcing bar cage (5) that are disposed in the arrangement of reinforcement elongated slot;

C, the general mortar of employing or concrete or light heat-insulation mortar or light weight concrete construction are filled horizontal arrangement of reinforcement elongated slot or above-mentioned threading or poling groove; Be right after after this processing step, can continue upwards masonry panel;

D, adopt the related process method of the method for building constructional column and collar tie beam and floor, roofing slab on general concrete or the light thermal-insulation coagulation and existing brick mixed building, framed building same or similar.

Illustrate: this slotted eye building block layer is as the poling groove, and technology is easy, structure is strong, also further arrangement of reinforcement enhancing therein.

In above-mentioned body of wall and building, the material of the slotted eye building block of using (1), can be identical with the material of walling unit or inequality, but have any must be noted that, should make exactly as far as possible this building block mechanics carrying, hold the mechanics carrying of cutting performance and not being worse than walling unit, hold and cut the performance performance.The material of this slotted eye building block (1) also should be used as far as possible and can make building block have higher mechanics carrying, hold the light energy conservation material of cutting performance; As adopting the haydite concrete material of lightweight.In a word, do not make them become the vulnerable area of carrying of mechanics on the body of wall and the heat insulation aspect of calorifics as far as possible.Because usage quantity is than walling unit much less, from the angle of cost control, this is easy to accomplish.

Mode every a skin concrete block masonry one skin slotted eye building block (1) can be described as every skin building block configuration, and the configuration amount of its horizontal bar is very big.For the configuration amount that makes horizontal bar is suitable, can add the height of the big main building block of body of wall, for example, can this building block can be 600 * 400 * 240 or 600 * 400 * 200 aerated blocks.

Adopt the method for first wall rear pillar, be similar to the building method of the mixing building of brick.At this moment configuration is on-the-spot in the arrangement of reinforcement elongated slot ties up or prefabricated reinforcing bar or reinforced mesh or reinforcing cage (5), and with they and reinforcing bar cage (4) longitudinally pass through, location, colligation or be fastenedly connected, the constructional column part that wherein intersects part at reinforcing bar in length and breadth, can increase horizontal stirrup is set, can also be as Fig. 3 .b, on the horizontal bar of this position or horizontal bar net sheet welding 1 at the most root with its mutually the anchoring of vertical lack muscle;

Adopt the method for wall behind the first post, be similar to the building method of frame-type building.At this moment on constructional column (being commonly referred to as frame column), can stay built-in connection or stay and pass through the hole, be fastenedly connected or be welded to connect the transverse reinforcement or steel mesh reinforcement or the reinforcing bar cage (5) that are disposed in the arrangement of reinforcement elongated slot.Passing through the hole is a hole or the one group of hole that is used to pass through reinforcing bar, can adopt the method for embedded steel tube to be provided with, and after reinforcing bar passes through, can irritate real with mortar or bonding agent mortar.Pass through reinforcing bar or be fastenedly connected the respective action that reinforcing bar sits the transverse reinforcement that slurry connects than swell fixture or punching to the enhancing reinforcement effect of body of wall much continuous, powerful, the carrying of the mechanics of this body of wall, holding the ability of cutting will be than strong many of the latter, the carrying of its mechanics, hold the ability of cutting and can be partial to shear wall more, perhaps it can use as shear wall or light shear wall exactly.

After adopting first wall rear pillar or first post during the method for wall, the described construction construction method of present embodiment is compared with existing and above-mentioned three construction construction method that patent application proposed, can prove that it is the shortcoming that has overcome simple constructional column compound wall building and simple slotted eye building block core beam stem stem compound wall building well really, its walling technology is similar with the walling technology of simple constructional column compound wall building really, be that its walling technology is similar with the walling technology of existing brick-concrete building or frame building really.

Especially its configuration transverse reinforcement and cast stem stem concrete can be fully without templates, the interconnection of its transverse reinforcement and longitudinal reinforcement need be before the constructional column cast yet, carrying out fastening, welding etc. needs the technology of accurate location or construction trouble, even can be not only simple but also replace present termination crotch with the bar dowel that vertically welds securely, carry out the concrete anchoring.

When adopting the method for first wall rear pillar, transverse reinforcement passes through constructional column or frame column; During the method for wall, transverse reinforcement passes through constructional column or frame column or directly is fixedly connected on the pillar after adopting first post.They finally all be anchoring take root among the constructional column or on, belong to fixedly connected or hinge connects, rather than picture swell fixture, punching are sat the unsteady fixed point connection of slurry fixing.The performance of its firm degree, its force mechanism, its carrying, shearing resistance, antidetonation or ability all are different.Under this situation, when the structure tension performance of designing and calculating body of wall and building, particularly hold when cutting anti-seismic performance, should take into full account this favorable factor according to the result of calculating and experimental test.

Adopt the building materials and the building quantity of same quality, same component, same cost, building of the present invention, will build more energy-conservationly, taller and bigger (more saving land), more cheap, firmer antidetonation, more the long-life, be more convenient for building by laying bricks or stones, more meet user's needs, more suit the spirit of the age.

(the overall height increase of building means that its building storey increases, means the saving soil.)

As seen, the present invention and above-mentioned three patent application projects also have the academic great meaning that obtains the directionality breakthrough in theory of architectural structurology and masonry structure in fact, very abundant research contents, research topic, research direction are provided will for this subject.

The arrangement of reinforcement band that should also be noted that horizontal bar, the stem stem of this mixed combination wall and be usually used in internal partition wall is different.Simple and easy and the speed degree of the connected mode of their process, bar diameter, transverse reinforcement, construction, all inequality to enhancing effect of body of wall etc., say that more this arrangement of reinforcement band be not mentioned to be used for blockwork strengthened to shear wall and light shear wall yet and has used.(consulting the 37th page of 03J104 atlas " Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks architectural construction " etc.)

The configuration cast of the transverse reinforcement of this body of wall or building and core beam unlike above-mentioned three Patent projects, needs to use the arrangement of reinforcement of numerous species to join brick; It can only use a kind of slotted eye building block (1) of dimensions; It makes the configuration of horizontal bar, as existing concrete block masonry method or as the configuration of the longitudinal reinforcement of simple constructional column compound wall building, has accomplished summary, popular.Thereby the cheap, universalness, the normalization that are the configuration of transverse reinforcement and core beam have been created the best condition.

Must be pointed out, directly the traditional constructional column of employing replaces the less vertical stem stem of sectional area in body of wall described in above-mentioned three patent applications or the building, be not only that construction is convenient, its supporting capacity and shearing resistance shock resistance of building body of wall all can have sizable raising.

According to the masonry theory, the shear resistance of transverse reinforcement is equivalent to three times of shear resistance of the longitudinal reinforcement of same cross-sectional.Thereby, adopt hybrid combining wall building of the present invention, be its cheap economy, be its construction simplification, or the robustness of its structure and shock resistance have all obtained very significantly improving or breaking through.This also makes it be specially adapted to the energy efficient building of self-supporting, self-heat conserving, because the contradiction of self-supporting and self-heat conserving has stoped birth, raising and the popularization of this energy-saving wall and energy efficient building just, and building block of the present invention, body of wall, building just in time can solve this a pair of contradiction again very effectively; Thereby building block of the present invention, body of wall, building have very outstanding building energy conservation effect.

Also must be pointed out, be configured the mixed combination wall that the reinforcing bar in slotted eye building block core beam is strengthened, is not only only to be suitable for building the energy-saving wall that the light thermal-insulation energy-saving building blocks is built by laying bricks or stones---and comprise light shear wall, reach the energy efficient building of constructing by them.This mixed combination wall also is suitable for adopting traditional loam brick, porous brick, non-burning brick, small-size concrete hollow block to build the real shear wall (comprising coupling beam) that can be used in small sized multiple story building thing and high-rise building by laying bricks or stones very much.Existing shear wall all adopts pure steel concrete to build by laying bricks or stones, or adopts small-sized hollow concrete building block and the edge member that surpasses 40 centimetre lengths to build by laying bricks or stones, combine.Build shear wall by laying bricks or stones with general fragment of brick, also beyond example.And the method for employing present embodiment, adopt label to meet or exceed 10 brick or building block and comprise porous brick, the energy-conservation brick of sludge fly ash, and aerated blocks (label can less than 10) etc. is built by laying bricks or stones, adopt suitable diameter, the transverse reinforcement of suitable road number, the hybrid combination body of wall that the core beam strengthens, as long as sectional dimension to its constructional column or frame column, the distribution of reinforcing bar and reinforcement ratio, spacer carries out meticulous calculating apart from waiting, design, test, making this pillar have enough and reasonably length (along the body of wall axis direction), is exactly good, be suitable for the shear wall of actual use.The shearing resistance of this shear wall, shock resistance are considerably good, and be not poor than the shear wall of small-size concrete hollow block, but can compare U.S. with concrete shear force wall.As for the horizontal length of the cylinder of useing edge member as how long serving as rationally, can be as calculated or experiment test determine.

Wherein calculate its cross section shear-carrying capacity V and can (consult " Code for design of masonry strucres " GB50003 according to the calculating of reinforcing bars building block shear wall cross section shear-carrying capacity design formulas.)

V ≤ 1 γ RE [ 1 λ - 0.5 ( 0.48 f vg b W h WO + 0.1 N ) + 0.72 f yh A sh s h WO ] .

This formula generally is used to calculate the cross section shear-carrying capacity of the shear wall of small-size concrete hollow block.Because the horizontal bar of this shear wall of the present invention is to be cast in the arrangement of reinforcement groove, are better than the situation of small-size concrete hollow block shear wall in its stress performance and application life more, adding perpendicular muscle is the reinforcing cage of making in advance, rather than blind slotting sub-thread reinforcing bar, uses this formula should be partial to safety.

Must return once more and emphasize: the novel shear wall that this carrying, shearing resistance, shock resistance are quite good, be easy to have high building energy saving rate congenitally or very, be easy to reach or try to achieve the synchronous raising or the contradiction unification of carrying, shearing resistance, shock resistance and heat-insulating and energy-saving performance.In this, it is than strong many of existing shear wall.

In the shear wall of small-size concrete hollow block, longitudinal reinforcement can only adopt the method for joint bar configuration, and transverse reinforcement can only paste the configuration of wall seam, can connect or bond unavoidably not really, reveal muscle, irritates unreal concrete; And in wall construction of the present invention, the work of configuration reinforcement is all carried out calmly in open space, and the bonding strength of its construction quality, reinforcing bar and building block, the intensity of body of wall form mechanism, cannot be mentioned in the same breath naturally with the small-size concrete hollow block shear wall.For the light shear wall that No. 200510067196.7 Chinese invention patent applications are proposed, this specific hybrid combination body of wall, not only can use light shear wall as, and can serve as real shear wall, this will be a real quantum jump of shear walls design and construction field.Its not only shearing resistance, anti-seismic performance are sufficiently good, its job practices both can first wall rear pillar, also can first post after wall; Thereby it is more convenient, more flexible.

Adopt the described hybrid combination body of wall with following further elaboration of present embodiment to make up building, will make that building is built more energy-conservationly, more saved land, antidetonation, more cheap more as generally body of wall or shear wall.This will be a quantum leap, the quantum jump of conventional version building materials, conventional version construction process, conventional version building.

Conclusion: this body of wall and building can make configuration cheap, universalness, the normalization of transverse reinforcement and core beam; rationally selecting the building block or the brick of suitable material for use; after the size design of science processing its edge member of decision or constructional column, the reinforcing bar design, this body of wall can use as shear wall or light shear wall fully.(consulting above-mentioned No. 200510067196.7 Chinese invention patent applications " a kind of slotted eye building block or brick and light shear wall and related building and job practices ")

It is calculated that, comprehensive employing the present invention and the described relevant building block of three Patent projects noted earlier, behind the body of wall, self-supporting, the brick-concrete building of self-heat conserving building or frame building are (strictly speaking, should be referred to as the framework brick-concrete building, it and simple frame building have very essence, very crucial difference, because in this building, frame column and allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column therebetween, very tight by horizontal bar core beam, very firmly connect as one, the body of wall between the frame column can be to the overall carrying of building, hold and cut, shock resistance plays bigger, more important role.) building energy saving rate can reach 65% to more than 75%, reach the performance standard of the 3rd, the 4th, the 5th generation energy saving building; Moreover, this self-supporting, the self-heat conserving building that reaches the performance standard of the 3rd, the 4th, the 5th generation energy saving building, under the prerequisite that adopts suitable material, Rational structure, also possible approaching, as to reach, surpass the existing brick-concrete building that adopts loam brick building height is drive on boldly to little high level or the high-rise building or the direction of energy saving building.This building can be with the modern energy efficient building and the building that saves land, and self-bearing self-heat preserving building, cheap building, long-life building, Chinese style traditional architecture thing etc. conflicting, be difficult to unified architectual concept and combine together.

Adopting slotted eye building block (1) configuration horizontal bar, not only can only be single layer configuration, also can bilayer or multi-layer configuration, and holostrome configuration even the method is characterized in that:

The building block layer of a, in the wall segment section of being built or all a certain skin in the body of wall or a few skin slotted eye building block (1) is by two-layer or multilayer slotted eye building block (1) is staggered builds by laying bricks or stones, and dispose transverse reinforcement or the reinforced mesh or the reinforcing bar cage (5) of each layer oneself, and laterally adopting general concrete or lightweight insulating concrete to build in the arrangement of reinforcement elongated slot, and build multiple layer core girder construction or holostrome core girder construction by laying bricks or stones;

B, between the building block layer of two-layer or multi-layer intercrossed slotted eye building block (1) of building by laying bricks or stones, by vertical building block seam or go up special through hole in some slotted eye building block (1) stirrup or dowel longitudinally are set.

Illustrate:

The combination heart beam of this bilayer or multi-layer configuration is equivalent to dispose the core fine strain of millet three-dimensional reinforcing cage, that thicken and the compound beam of block masonry; Its carrying is held the ability of cutting and will be strengthened greatly, and it can be used as collar tie beam or coupling beam.Vertical stirrup or dowel between layer and the layer can not be provided with yet.

Holostrome core girder construction is meant that body of wall is all formed by staggered the building by laying bricks or stones of slotted eye building block (1).Slotted eye building block (1) is as building holostrome core girder construction by laying bricks or stones, and its width should be widened under the prerequisite that meets modulus series.

The two ends of the building block layer of two-layer or multi-layer intercrossed slotted eye building block (1) of building by laying bricks or stones can have dislocation, and this dislocation can be shown interest in; The building block or the brick that also can adopt disconnected brick or suitably extend or widen make the termination of this bilayer or multi-layer building block layer concordant.

Suitable especially energy-saving wall or the energy efficient building of building the energy-saving building blocks construction of above mentioned wall construction method of the present invention, this construction method is characterised in that:

The slotted eye building block (1) of a, its use and the material of walling unit adopt haydite concrete or other to have light weight concrete construction or the sludge fly ash energy-saving clinker brick or the energy-conservation non-burning brick material of higher-strength, and walling unit also can adopt various composite heat insulation blocks particularly not have cold bridge composite heat insulation block or aerated blocks;

The material of the reinforced concrete member in b, all body of wall or all outer body of wall adopts haydite concrete or other to have the light weight concrete construction of higher-strength.

Illustrate:

No cold bridge composite heat insulation block, consult No. 200510091249.9 applications for a patent for invention " multi-functional no cold bridge composite hollow building block and no cold bridge self heat insulation wall and building ", its main and crucial performance is: in the process of masonry panel, utilize the end chamfered groove hole of this building block, the additional thermal insulation of removing this building block two ends cold bridge is set.

But, when adopting energy-saving building blocks to comprise that composite heat insulation block does not particularly have the cold bridge composite heat insulation block, need to strengthen the insulation of constructional column, collar tie beam, in order to avoid produce cold bridge at these positions.Except adopting light weight concrete construction to build these members, an ideal method is the sheet material (as the sheet material of rubber powder EPS granule thermal insulation slurry making) that attaches foam plastic heat-insulating board or other light energy conservation material at the external surface at these positions.

The method of this construction wall or building is characterised in that:

A, everyly be positioned at the stretcher or the building block at horse tooth trough place that faced chamber's external environment can produce the structural column of cold bridge, adopt slotted eye building block (1) as shown in Figure 2 with end chamfered groove hole (3);

B, these building walls are after the top, in cast constructional column and collar tie beam and floor, the roofing slab, utilize the low structure of cutting in these end chamfered groove holes (3), in the outside of constructional column, the medial surface lining of formwork for placing pastes the heat preservation plate material of one deck foamed plastics or rubber powder EPS granule thermal insulation slurry material or other material, the width of heat preservation plate material is the length sum in end chamfered groove hole (3) of the building block of constructional column width and associated side.

Illustrate:

The length in the end chamfered groove hole (3) of building block is meant the length of body of wall axis direction.The building block of constructional column associated side is meant at body of wall corner etc. and locates Yi Bian have only walling unit is arranged.The height of heat preservation plate material, building block that can be relevant with body of wall is highly identical or inequality.

In the present embodiment, heat preservation plate material is within the exterior sheathing that is arranged on constructional column before the fluid concrete.

Heat preservation plate material or insulation layer also can be attached to after fluid concrete outside the constructional column, and the method for this construction wall or building is characterised in that:

A, every faced chamber's external environment that is positioned at can produce the stretcher at horse tooth trough place at condensate water cold bridge place or building block and adopt as shown in Figure 2 the slotted eye building block (1) with end chamfered groove hole (3);

B, these building walls are after the top, in cast constructional column and collar tie beam and floor, the roofing slab,, utilize the low structure of cutting in these end chamfered groove holes (3) in above-mentioned constructional column part of building slotted eye building block (1) by laying bricks or stones with end chamfered groove hole (3), inlay exterior sheathing is set, carry out concrete pouring;

After c, the form removal, in the shallow slot that template dismounting back forms, inlay the heat preservation plate material that attaches one deck foamed plastics or rubber powder EPS granule thermal insulation slurry material or other material, or whitewash with rubber powder EPS granule thermal insulation slurry or other thermal insulation mortar material and to fill and lead up.

Present embodiment with among the embodiment, the rendering layer that embedded bar is used for fixing outside the insulation layer all can be set strengthen net.The exposing head and can produce connecting thread or be welded with the connection securing member of embedded bar, the rendering layer that is used for fixing outside the insulation layer strengthens net.Way can not produce judder as swell fixture is set like this, influences the firmness of insulation layer, and technology is also easier, can carry out the setting of higher density.

Because the length (being actually width) of insulation layer is short, both sides are exactly solid body of wall, and can be used as takes root puts forth effort basic point, and rendering layer enhancing net can not necessarily will bury muscle and fix.At this moment, rendering layer strengthens net can adopt wire lath or nonmetal net, can also adopt fortifying fibre to strengthen the mortar powder brush layer.

Present embodiment with among the embodiment, constructional columns etc. are difficult to eliminate the position of cold bridge, having carried out local veneer is incubated outward, compare with comprehensive outer insulation, area of its outer insulation has reduced an order of magnitude, and is to be embedded among the adjacent body of wall, its construction cost will reduce greatly, its firm degree, safe coefficient, application life will improve greatly, can adopt better heat insulating material for external and process, comprise the outer heat insulation technological process that cost is higher.

Present embodiment with among the embodiment, because the building block of contiguous constructional column horse tooth trough, have end chamfered groove hole (3), avoided it and the mutual interference mutually of constructional column heat-insulation plate for external, can use the insulation lath of bulk to carry out the easy construction of the described mode of these embodiment.

Yet, as the very good lightweight concrete building block of heat-insulating property, as air-entrained concrete building block, because its shear strength is too low; And be subjected to rainwater easily and soak and experience bigger expansion contraction process, and then produce wall body slit, cause influencing outward appearance, cause exterior wall leakage; Thereby seldom be directly used in and build exterior wall by laying bricks or stones, self-bearing self-heat preserving exterior wall particularly.Other many lightweight concrete building blocks are also because identical reason seldom is directly used in and builds exterior wall by laying bricks or stones, particularly the self-bearing self-heat preserving exterior wall.In the present invention, at this problem, the way of solution must be arranged also:

Can adopt being easy to make moist the lightweight concrete building block wall employing waterproof of distortion or the measure of antiseepage hydrophobic.

The method of this construction wall or building is characterised in that:

The material of the building block that a, its part or all of outer body of wall use adopts gas concrete or other lightweight concrete building blocks or light-weight brick exempt from baking;

B, before the blank building wall or after laying in the external surface spraying of air-entrained concrete building block or the body of wall that puzzles or whitewash the waterproof of LD-GS aqueous dimethylformamide sodium silicate solution and so on or the coating or the screed of antiseepage hydrophobic;

C, this waterproof or antiseepage hydrophober can add decorative pigment or high reflectance pigment, or whitewash, add wall tile in its outside.

Illustrate:

This waterproofing course or antiseepage hydrophober can delay the weathering of surface of wall, add decorative pigment, can play the effect of direct white, quiet clothes decorations facing, add high reflectance pigment, help reducing body of wall and absorb solar irradiation in summer.It also can be used as the substrate interface agent, whitewashes, adds wall tile in its outside

The described method of present embodiment, the light block of energy-conservation insulations such as aerated blocks, the body of wall carrying that light-weight brick is built by laying bricks or stones, the problem of shearing resistance shock resistance difference had both been solved, solved them again and be vulnerable to rainwater and soak, cause regular body of wall breathing problem of cracks, these two essence, critical problem effectively and have at an easy rate been solved together.This will be that wall changes the field, particularly a quantum jump of aerated blocks building field or lightweight concrete building block building field, a great revolution.

LD-GS is that a kind of aqueous dimethylformamide sodium silicate solution that worker ten thousand Sheng coating Co., Ltds produce is built in Beijing, is a kind of silication antiseepage hydrophober, is the waterproof, seepage control agent of a kind of unglazed, no film, high penetration.Can make concrete, masonry etc. avoid natural erosion and weathering, have performances such as excellent waterproof, antiseepage, acid and alkali-resistance, freeze-thawing resistant.Can improve the intensity of concrete surface, keep the natural character of existing building thing not to be damaged.

LD-GS aqueous dimethylformamide sodium silicate solution or other contain the antiseepage hydrophober of sodium methyl silicate composition, can infiltrate concrete surface and reach several millimeters to several centimetres.

LD-GS antiseepage hydrophober is a kind of aqueous solution of giving numerous surface waterproofings, silicate wherein and carbon dioxide in air reaction, in 24 hours, generate the insoluble waterproofing course of one deck, to obtain the absorption of water-proof surface and minimizing moisture, behind 5-10, its water proofing property is no change almost through the LD-GS surface treated.

LD-GS is widely used in concrete, cement mortar and brick masonry surface, comprises wide spectrums such as bridge, dykes and dams, historical relic's protection, artistic concrete, interior exterior wall, roofing, physical culture place.

Now this or this class antiseepage hydrophober being specifically designed to the caused breathing of rain penetration that prevents that prevents aerated blocks body of wall, aerated blocks building or other lightweight concrete building block building ftractures, really belong to very easy, an easy row, effective, cheap, can cause the innovative approach that substantive great change takes place the aerated blocks building field.

Spraying before the building wall is the external surface (other surface also can spray simultaneously) to aerated blocks or other lightweight concrete building block, sprays.

This spraying can be carried out in factory.Aerated blocks through water-proof spraying will be a kind of have good water resistance, workability, have the novel aerated blocks kind of bright market prospects.After doing like this, this coating can play the practical function of concrete interface agent, antiseepage hydrophober to aerated blocks.

Spraying after the building wall can be carried out waterproofing work in the lump to the building block seam, also is a kind of good method.

These two kinds of methods are used together, better effect will be arranged, and this coating price are cheap, does like this, should not have too big difficulty.

Above-mentioned aerated blocks or other lightweight concrete building block that is coated with antiseepage hydrophober is characterised in that: spraying or dip-coating silication antiseepage hydrophober or other water-repellent paint on its external surface or more surface.

Although spraying method is very simple, such building block itself will become the huge special-purpose commodity of output of initiative.

Adopt the sprayed silicon chemoprevention to ooze the process of hydrophober or other waterproof, seepage control measure, the steam that prevents that also can be used for heat insulating inner wall infiltrates caused freeze injury.

Exterior wall internal insulation layer in the present invention, completely different with the inner thermal insulating layer of general type, it be on the wall self-insulation basis, the secondary additional thermal insulation of adding, this is the complex heat-preservation mode of a kind of self-heat conserving and interior insulation; Its body of wall freeze injury mechanism is completely different with the freeze injury mechanism of simple inside heat insulation wall body, low many of the minimum freeze injury temperature that the minimum freeze injury temperature that it can bear can be born than general inside heat insulation wall body, thereby it relatively is not easy to be subjected to freeze injury.

On this basis, take the above-mentioned measure that steam infiltrates that prevents again, exactly the inside heat insulation wall body of this complex heat-preservation has been taked dual compound antifreezing measures, in many cases, should be able to ensure that more body of wall exempts from freeze injury.

Building the inside heat insulation wall body of this complex heat-preservation or the method for building is characterised in that:

A, outside on the interior wall blank metope of body of wall, adopt bonding, fastening, connected mode such as inlay, attach the heat preservation plate material or the composite insulating board of one deck plastic foamboard or other material;

B, can be before attaching heat preservation plate material, adopt the coating or the mortar of waterproof such as LD-GS aqueous dimethylformamide sodium silicate solution or antiseepage hydrophobic, adopt processes such as spray, be coated with, whitewash, these blank metopes are carried out the waterproof, seepage control processing; Also can adopt the method for laying layer of plastic film at the back side of heat preservation plate material.

Illustrate:

Spraying waterproof or antiseepage water-repellent layer or laying plastic sheeting are cheap easy method.Under most of situation, also can not use these waterproof or anti-permeation method, because the heat preservation energy-saving performance on the body of wall basis of this inner thermal insulating layer is fine, itself just has the good characteristic of the freeze injury of preventing.

The heat-insulating property of the inner thermal insulating layer of the inside heat insulation wall body of this complex heat-preservation is not high more good more, and its heat-insulating property is too high, will improve the minimum freeze injury temperature that it can bear, and makes it be subjected to freeze injury easilier.Its inner thermal insulating layer thermal resistance value generally is taken as about 0.5 to 1 times of exterior wall self thermal resistance value.

Even like this, this additional in insulation, to the raising of the building energy saving rate of body of wall, also will be that effect is very tangible; The fractional energy savings that it can make energy-saving wall of the present invention or energy saving building improved for one to two generation again originally just on the quite high basis.

And interior insulation is absolute than outer insulation safety, and the life-span is permanent; The indoor heat insulating layer, the height of liftoff plate is extremely low, and does not generally adopt the veneer wall brick, thereby falls down and pound the situation of hurting sb.'s feelings and will can not take place; Maintenance after it damages comprises that rooting out operation all can be easy to carry out, and in the indoor environment, the application life of insulation layer will be more permanent, can adopt comparatively cheap building materials.Inner thermal insulating layer does not need comprehensive use, only surface use within the walls outside.

In this case, interior insulation is used in the energy saving building of self-supporting, self-heat conserving of high fractional energy savings of the present invention, can overcome or slow down the inherent defect that it is subject to freeze injury well; To be very favourable, very necessary; This will belong to the innovative technology with unexpected effect.

This compound interior heat preserving method of the present invention also can be used to transform existing old building, and the particularly building in non-freeze injury zone wherein, and heat-insulating property is building preferably, comprises the 1st generation, the second generation energy efficient building that have built up.This proposes patent application with separate case.

The mixed combination wall construction wall that enforcement above-described various slotted eye building block core beams of the present invention and constructional column are used with or the method for building must also should be carried out necessary simplification to the slotted eye building block that is used for configuration reinforcement (half hole building block) that foregoing three patent applications are mentioned and be improved.

The slotted eye building block that is used to dispose horizontal bar of the present invention as shown in Figure 1, it comprises the kind that notions such as clinker brick, non-burning brick, loam brick, solid brick, porous brick, hollow brick, microporous brick, light-weight brick, composite insulating brick, energy-conservation brick, concrete brick, light weight concrete construction brick, small-size concrete hollow block, composite heat insulation block overlap or the slotted eye building block (1) of kind, it is used to build by laying bricks or stones the course of headers or the header building block layer of configuration horizontal bar, it is characterized in that:

A, slotted eye (2) are opened on building block (1), the axis of slotted eye (2) is identical with the body of wall orientation of its axis of being built by laying bricks or stones, be formed for being provided with the slotted eye of the opening of transverse reinforcement, the length of its equivalent radius is about 4 to 9 centimetres, or the thickness of its groove two sides is about 2 to 8 centimetres;

The top of b, slotted eye (2) both sides highly can be identical height or height inequality;

The length of c, building block, width, highly meet the size of the modular dimension of modulus brick or building block; For example the dead size of the length of this building block can be 90 centimetres of 24 cm x, 11.5 cm x, also can be 11.5 centimetres of 11.5 centimetres of 24 cm x, 11.5 cm x or 11.5 centimetres of 24 cm x, 17.8 cm x or 24 cm x, 20 cm x.

Illustrate:

Theory according to masonry structure, the shearing resistance effect of configuration horizontal bar reaches three times of shearing resistance effect of the vertical muscle of same diameter, thereby the shearing resistance of body of wall of the present invention or building or anti-seismic performance will be more far better than the respective performances of existing simple constructional column compound wall that is not equipped with horizontal bar and building thereof, and then just be more suitable for building the compare energy efficient building of relatively poor light block of shearing resistance anti-seismic performance.

The continuous header (building block) of header layer is built by laying bricks or stones, arrangement of reinforcement, is poured into core beam body; Its carrying, hold the ability of cutting except relevant with the sectional area of quantity, sectional area and the stem stem groove (2) of transverse reinforcement, also closely related with the width of header: the width that suitably increases header helps improving the carrying of course of headers core beam body and holds the ability of cutting; Certain this increase should make this width, meets the modulus series of brick or building block size, and it is matched with the basic size with brick or building block of building a wall; This wherein can adopt 11.5 centimetres of the width of most common standard brick, also can adopt other appropriate size.

General header or header building block slotted eye (2) both sides top highly identical is regular hexahedron.The slotted eye building block (1) top highly inequality on slotted eye (2) both sides is stairstepping, as building collar tie beam by laying bricks or stones.Consult No. 200520115442.7 utility application " a kind of brick and building block and rebar connector weld assembly " with arrangement of reinforcement half hole.

Structure, the kind of the structure that is used to dispose the slotted eye building block of horizontal bar of the present invention, patent application described " brick and building block with arrangement of reinforcement half hole " that the kind constituent ratio has just been mentioned constitutes more succinct, simpler, its novel structure, ingenious; The vast category of having contained clinker brick, non-burning brick, energy-conservation brick; Its kind, kind, manufacture method are various, and its manufacturing is easy, and equipment investment is few.This slotted eye building block is used for disposing horizontal bar, vertical muscle at masonry with constructional column with matching; Adopt the body of wall fractional energy savings of it and aerated blocks, light energy saving brick, composite heat insulation block or the brick self-heat conserving of building, self-supporting building wall thing can reach more than the 50-75%; Its carrying simultaneously, excellent earthquake resistance, long perfomance life, construction cost is cheap.This is the quantum jump at building materials, building field.

This slotted eye building block (1) is different with No. 200520115442.7 utility application, and it does not impose the ratio of nominal size is 2:1:1 or 2:1.5:1, but does not also get rid of this size.

The building block that size 24 cm x 11.5 cm x that exemplified among the feature c in the above are 90 centimetres, representative meets the building block of the modular dimension of modulus brick or building block.Its size can arbitrary decision under the prerequisite that meets use needs and modular dimension.The ratio of the nominal size of the building block that size 24 cm x 11.5 cm x are 11.5 lis is 2:1:1, and the ratio of the nominal size of the building block that size 24 cm x 17.8 cm x are 11.5 lis is 2:1.5:1.

This kind slotted eye building block (1) is height dimension not only, need not be confined to identical with width.Its width dimensions also can be expanded greatly, and the length and width nominal size can be got as 2:1,2:1.5 than not only, and is also desirable as 2:2,2:3 or other any number.General suitable wideer for well, help improving carrying, the anti-seismic performance of body of wall; But should cooperate with the length of walling unit (or brick), be beneficial to interlock and build by laying bricks or stones.

The building block size that 24 cm x, 20 cm x that propose in exemplifying for example are 11.5 centimetres, width dimensions wherein is used for and non-brick body of wall adapteds such as small-size concrete hollow block, aerated blocks for 20 centimetres.

As seen, in the present invention, the span of the size ratio of slotted eye building block (1), more much bigger than the brick in No. 200520115442.7 utility application " a kind of brick and building block and rebar connector weld assembly " with the span of the size ratio of building block with arrangement of reinforcement half hole with arrangement of reinforcement half hole.

Building block shown in the accompanying drawing 3 is a kind of building block that is used for masonry panel, and it and accompanying drawing 1 described slotted eye building block (1) are used, and is used to help the constructional column of combined type assembled wall of the present invention to realize complex heat-preservation.

This slotted eye building block (1), be used in the method for claim 1,4 described construction walls or building, when building the constructional column of pasting composite heat-insulating layer by laying bricks or stones, as the stretcher or the building block at horse tooth trough place, it is characterized in that having the end chamfered groove hole (3) that is used to be provided with the constructional column external thermal insulation.

Illustrate:

After using this building block with end chamfered groove hole (3), during the constructional column of the stickup composite heat-insulating layer in the method masonry panel that adopts claim 4 of the present invention and 5, can make the width widen of warming plate, cover the flute profile position of horse tooth trough.

Intactly cover easily, the flute profile position of horse tooth trough, in the present invention, belong to the key issue of constructional column being carried out perfect veneer complex heat-preservation, can be with the end chamfered groove hole (3) in the relevant building block, simplifying, solve this difficult problem, is a good new departure.

In sum, the present invention is on above-mentioned three patent application project foundation, to the related hybrid combination body of wall and the product and the method for building and relative building block thereof, carried out exquisite and effective improvement, make the compound wall and light shear wall and technical schemes such as building, the high energy efficient building of self-bearing self-heat preserving thereof that these three the slotted eye building blocks that object of invention proposed or advocated, two-way muscle join, become more feasible, practical more, enlarge its scope of application, the popularization that is easy to start more more effectively, more.

The hybrid combination body of wall that core beam of the present invention and constructional column are used and the job practices of building and above-mentioned three described methods of Patent project have more different, and it is the same substantially, very easy, cheap, reliable with the construction technique of the constructional column compound wall of present brick mixed building, framed building; And the carrying of the mixed combination wall of building or two way system compound wall and anti-seismic performance, no cold bridge heat-insulating property, economic performance, overall synthetic performance etc. will on the basis of above-mentioned constructional column compound wall, obtain comprehensive, breakthrough significantly lifting.They can base oneself upon technology, the equipment basis of existing building materials, building trade, build reach the 3rd, the 4th, the energy saving building of the even the 5th generation energy saving building standard level.They can adopt traditional brick of numerous species or building block to comprise multiple energy-conservation brick or building block, build out real shear wall by laying bricks or stones, realize the quantum jump of shear walls design and construction.Adopt method of the present invention can build self-supporting, self-heat conserving or mix insulation, about 10 layers of building storeys, body of wall fractional energy savings surpass 65% to 80% brick-concrete building; Can build self-heat conserving or mix about 10 to 30 layers of insulation, building storeys, the body of wall fractional energy savings surpass 65% to 80% frame building.

The wall section shear-carrying capacity of hybrid combination body of wall of the present invention and building thereof can calculate according to the design formulas of the reinforcing bars building block shear wall cross section shear-carrying capacity of existing building standard.Its popularization will be than being easier to.

The present invention also at being exclusively used in the configuration slotted eye building block of transverse reinforcement and the effect of adapted walling unit thereof, has carried out improving design to it, makes their more reasonable structure, performance better.

Hybrid combination body of wall of the present invention and building thereof, their related relevant building block products, have distinct distinct Chinese characteristics, they can adopt the traditional building material and the construction process of China comprehensively and up hill and dale, build a bit advanced energy saving building no less than external advanced country; And these energy saving buildings will be cheap, long-life, sound insulation is good, save the soil, high-bearing is earthquake-resistant, it is that build or make, that be easy to start to be easy to, be easy to popularize.The building height that this self-supporting that can reach the performance standard of the 3rd, the 4th, the 5th generation energy saving building, self-heat conserving building can also be approaching, reach, surpass the existing brick-concrete building that adopts loam brick is drive on boldly to little high level or the high-rise building or the direction of energy saving building.This building can be with the energy efficient building and the building that saves land, and cheap building, long-life building, Chinese style traditional architecture thing etc. conflicting, be difficult to unified deep architectual concept and combine together.This will fundamentally change particularly pace up and down for a long time in the first generation to a generation half energy saving building standard level of the level of self-heat conserving self-supporting building of China's energy saving building, be significantly less than the backward state of west advanced country, hew out the broad road of developing china formula energy saving building.They have very vast market development prospect, can reach 2,000,000,000 m2 in China's annual requirement, and annual value of production can reach more than 5 trillion yuan.

The present invention adopts as heir and expands the invention thinking and the flesh and blood of aforementioned three patent application projects, to the related novel building of these three patent application projects and and existing building between technical field, carried out further extensive exploitation, deeply excavate and filled up, it can easily solve key core problem, the hard nut to crack of a series of buildings, energy-saving field; Have surprising huge, beat all scientific and technological value, construction value, economic worth, learning value.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of slotted eye building block core beam is cooperated with constructional column mixed use and the method for construction wall or building, its building method is basic identical with the building method of assembled wall that has constructional column or building, can adopt first walling body, after build constructional column job practices, also can with both precedence exchange, adopt the job practices that build constructional column, back walling body earlier; It is characterized in that:
A, in the process of construction wall, every once build a skin claim 8,9 described slotted eye building blocks (1) by laying bricks or stones to a few skin building blocks, and slotted eye (2) opening of this kind building block (1) is made progress, slotted eye is end to end, upper surface in this building block layer forms a horizontal arrangement of reinforcement elongated slot, can increase by a skin slotted eye building block (1) in case of necessity, as threading or poling groove;
B, when adopting the method for first wall rear pillar, configuration is on-the-spot in this arrangement of reinforcement elongated slot ties up or prefabricated horizontal reinforcing bar or reinforced mesh or reinforcing cage (5), and with they and reinforcing bar cage (4) longitudinally pass through, location, colligation or be fastenedly connected, the constructional column part that wherein intersects part at reinforcing bar in length and breadth, can increase stirrup is set, can also be on the horizontal bar of this position or horizontal bar net sheet welding 1 at the most root with its mutually the anchoring of vertical lack muscle; After adopting first post during the method for wall, can on constructional column, stay built-in connection or stay and pass through the hole, be fastenedly connected or be welded to connect the transverse reinforcement or steel mesh reinforcement or the reinforcing bar cage (5) that are disposed in the arrangement of reinforcement elongated slot;
C, the general mortar of employing or concrete or light heat-insulation mortar or light weight concrete construction are filled horizontal arrangement of reinforcement elongated slot or above-mentioned threading or poling groove; Be right after after this processing step, can continue upwards masonry panel;
D, to adopt general concrete or lightweight insulating concrete to build the related process method of the method for constructional column and collar tie beam and floor, roofing slab and existing brick mixed building, framed building same or similar.
2, the method for construction wall according to claim 1 or building is characterized in that:
The building block layer of a, in the wall segment section of being built or all a certain skin in the body of wall or a few skin slotted eye building block (1) is by two-layer or multilayer slotted eye building block (1) is staggered builds by laying bricks or stones, and dispose transverse reinforcement or the reinforced mesh or the reinforcing bar cage of each layer oneself, and laterally adopting general concrete or lightweight insulating concrete to build in the arrangement of reinforcement elongated slot, and build multiple layer core girder construction or holostrome core girder construction by laying bricks or stones;
B, between the building block layer of two-layer or multi-layer intercrossed slotted eye building block (1) of building by laying bricks or stones, can or go up special through hole by vertical building block seam stirrup or dowel longitudinally are set in some slotted eye building block (1).
3, the method for construction wall according to claim 1 or building is characterized in that:
The slotted eye building block (1) of a, its use and the material of walling unit adopt haydite concrete or other to have light weight concrete construction or the sludge fly ash energy-saving clinker brick or the energy-conservation non-burning brick material of higher-strength, and walling unit also can adopt various composite heat insulation blocks particularly not have cold bridge composite heat insulation block or aerated blocks;
The material of the reinforced concrete member in b, all body of wall or all outer body of wall adopts haydite concrete or other to have the light weight concrete construction of higher-strength.
4, according to the method for claim 1,3 described construction walls or building, it is characterized in that:
A, everyly be positioned at the stretcher or the building block at horse tooth trough place that faced chamber's external environment can produce the structural column of cold bridge, adopt the described slotted eye building block (1) of claim 9 with end chamfered groove hole (3);
B, these building walls are after the top, in cast constructional column and collar tie beam and floor, the roofing slab, utilize the low structure of cutting in these end chamfered groove holes (3), in the outside of constructional column, the medial surface lining of formwork for placing pastes the heat preservation plate material of one deck foamed plastics or rubber powder EPS granule thermal insulation slurry material or other material, the width of heat preservation plate material is the length sum in end chamfered groove hole (3) of the building block of constructional column width and associated side.
5, according to the method for claim 1,3 described construction walls or building, it is characterized in that:
A, everyly be positioned at the stretcher or the building block at horse tooth trough place that faced chamber's external environment can produce the structural column of cold bridge, adopt slotted eye building block (1) as shown in Figure 2 with end chamfered groove hole (3);
B, these building walls are after the top, in cast constructional column and collar tie beam and floor, the roofing slab,, utilize the low structure of cutting in these end chamfered groove holes (3) in above-mentioned constructional column part of building slotted eye building block (1) by laying bricks or stones with end chamfered groove hole (3), inlay exterior sheathing is set, carry out concrete pouring;
After c, the form removal, in the shallow slot that template dismounting back forms, inlay the heat preservation plate material that attaches one deck foamed plastics or rubber powder EPS granule thermal insulation slurry material or other material, or whitewash with rubber powder EPS granule thermal insulation slurry or other thermal insulation mortar material and to fill and lead up.
6, according to the method for claim 1,2,3,4,5 described construction walls or building, it is characterized in that:
The material of the building block that a, its part or all of outer body of wall use adopts gas concrete or other lightweight concrete building blocks or light-weight brick exempt from baking;
B, before the blank building wall or after laying in the external surface spraying of air-entrained concrete building block or the body of wall that puzzles or whitewash the waterproof of LD-GS aqueous dimethylformamide sodium silicate solution and so on or the coating or the screed of antiseepage hydrophobic;
C, this waterproof or antiseepage hydrophober can add decorative pigment or high reflectance pigment, or whitewash, add wall tile in its outside.
7, according to the method for claim 1,2,3 described construction walls or building, it is characterized in that:
A, outside on the interior wall blank metope of body of wall, adopt bonding, fastening, connected mode such as inlay, attach the heat preservation plate material or the composite insulating board of one deck plastic foamboard or other material;
B, before attaching heat preservation plate material, can adopt the coating or the mortar of waterproof such as LD-GS aqueous dimethylformamide sodium silicate solution or antiseepage hydrophobic, adopt spray, be coated with, whitewash process, these blank metopes are carried out the waterproof, seepage control processing; Also can adopt the method for laying layer of plastic film at the back side of heat preservation plate material.
8, a kind ofly comprise the kind that notions such as clinker brick, non-burning brick, loam brick, solid brick, porous brick, hollow brick, microporous brick, light-weight brick, composite insulating brick, energy-conservation brick, concrete brick, light weight concrete construction brick, small-size concrete hollow block, composite heat insulation block overlap or the slotted eye building block (1) of kind, it is used to build by laying bricks or stones the course of headers or the building block layer of configuration horizontal bar, it is characterized in that:
A, slotted eye (2) are opened on building block (1), the axis of slotted eye (2) is identical with the body of wall orientation of its axis of being built by laying bricks or stones, be formed for being provided with the slotted eye of the opening of transverse reinforcement, the length of its equivalent radius is about 4 to 9 centimetres, or the thickness of its groove two sides is about 2 to 8 centimetres;
The top of b, slotted eye (2) both sides highly can be identical height or height inequality;
The length of c, building block, width, highly meet the size of the modular dimension of modulus brick or building block; For example the dead size of the length of this building block can be 90 centimetres of 24 cm x, 11.5 cm x, also can be 11.5 centimetres of 11.5 centimetres of 24 cm x, 11.5 cm x or 11.5 centimetres of 24 cm x, 17.8 cm x or 24 cm x, 20 cm x.
9, a kind of slotted eye building block (1), be used in claim 1,5,6,7 described construction walls or building and method thereof, when building the constructional column of pasting composite heat-insulating layer by laying bricks or stones, stretcher or building block as the horse tooth trough place, it is characterized in that having the end chamfered groove hole (3) that is used to be provided with the constructional column external thermal insulation.
10, be coated with aerated blocks or other lightweight concrete building block of antiseepage hydrophober, be used in the method for claim 1,6 described construction walls or building, it is characterized in that: spraying or dip-coating antiseepage hydrophober or other water-repellent paint on its external surface or more surface.
CNA2006101071086A 2006-06-16 2006-07-17 Core beam constructional column mixed combination wall, building method and relevant building block CN101457556A (en)

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