WO2016011735A1 - Light-weight insulating wall consisting of u-shaped bricks allowing pipeline to transversely pass through - Google Patents

Light-weight insulating wall consisting of u-shaped bricks allowing pipeline to transversely pass through Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2016011735A1
WO2016011735A1 PCT/CN2014/091222 CN2014091222W WO2016011735A1 WO 2016011735 A1 WO2016011735 A1 WO 2016011735A1 CN 2014091222 W CN2014091222 W CN 2014091222W WO 2016011735 A1 WO2016011735 A1 WO 2016011735A1
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door
pipeline
shaped
brick
main
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PCT/CN2014/091222
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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周世华
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周世华
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Priority to CN201420420624.4 priority Critical
Priority to CN201420420624.4U priority patent/CN203961053U/en
Application filed by 周世华 filed Critical 周世华
Publication of WO2016011735A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016011735A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • E04B2/50Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities using elements having a general shape differing from that of a parallelepiped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • E04C1/39Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings characterised by special adaptations, e.g. serving for locating conduits, for forming soffits, cornices, or shelves, for fixing wall-plates or door-frames, for claustra

Abstract

A light-weight insulating wall consisting of U-shaped bricks allowing a pipeline to transversely pass through; each layer of structure of the wall is formed by mutually binding the end surfaces (32) of a plurality of U-shaped bricks (30); a plurality of layer structures are bound together to form the wall with up and down nonalignment; one main surface (31) of the U-shaped bricks (30) is provided with a deep groove (33); and the deep grooves (33) enable two end surfaces (32) to form a "U" shape. The wall is light-weight and firmly bound, and has a transversely arranged pipeline, and the pipelines inside and outside the wall are mutually connected and communicate via an inward and outward pipeline channel gap (39).

Description

“门”字形砖组成的墙内能横穿管线的轻质保温墙体Lightweight thermal insulation wall that can traverse pipelines in a wall composed of "door" shaped bricks

本实用新型属于建筑墙体技术领域,特别是涉及墙内能横穿管线的轻型保温墙体的结构设计。The utility model belongs to the technical field of building walls, in particular to the structural design of a light thermal insulation wall which can cross the pipeline inside the wall.

背景技术Background technique

现在轻型保温墙体用砖都是蜂窝状结构,这种蜂窝状结构砖有三个缺点:一是重量太重,使单位体积的墙体仍然较重;二是压模成形后脱模不方便,脱模时间长,脱模对蜂窝孔的形状有损坏,特别是对蜂窝孔两端的中隔易损坏;一是在做墙体施工时,水泥堆在蜂窝面后,大量水泥下落到孔中,上下两个蜂窝砖之间的粘接面上水泥太少,上下两个蜂窝砖之间的粘接不牢固,不利于墙体质量。Nowadays, the bricks for light insulation walls are honeycomb structures. The honeycomb structure bricks have three disadvantages: one is that the weight is too heavy, so that the wall per unit volume is still heavy; the second is that it is inconvenient to demould after molding. The demoulding time is long, and the demoulding has damage to the shape of the honeycomb hole, especially the septum at both ends of the honeycomb hole is easy to be damaged; first, when the wall is constructed, a large amount of cement falls into the hole after the cement pile is on the honeycomb surface, There is too little cement on the bonding surface between the upper and lower honeycomb bricks, and the bonding between the upper and lower honeycomb bricks is not strong, which is not conducive to the quality of the wall.

现在轻型保温墙体和旧的实芯砖所作的墙体中都没有放置管线的空间,房屋管线只能安装在墙体外表面,或破坏墙体外表面开槽,在开的槽中安装管线。缺点是:开槽要破坏墙体,增加工程量。Now there is no space for piping in the wall made of light insulation wall and old solid brick. The house pipeline can only be installed on the outer surface of the wall, or the groove on the outer surface of the wall is broken, and the pipeline is installed in the open groove. . The disadvantage is that the slotting will destroy the wall and increase the amount of work.

发明内容Summary of the invention

本实用新型的目的是提供粘接更牢固、重量更轻的轻质保温墙体,该轻质保温墙体还是一种在墙体内,具有能横向设置管线空间的轻质保温墙体。The purpose of the utility model is to provide a light-weight heat-insulating wall body which is more firmly bonded and lighter in weight, and the lightweight heat-insulating wall body is also a light-weight heat-insulating wall body which can laterally set the pipeline space in the wall body.

本实用新型的结构是:The structure of the utility model is:

“门”字形砖组成的墙内能横穿管线的轻质保温墙体,其特征在于:包括多块“门”字形砖,“门”字形砖的结构如下:The lightweight insulation wall that can cross the pipeline in the wall composed of “door” shaped bricks is characterized in that it comprises a plurality of “door” shaped bricks, and the structure of the “door” shaped bricks is as follows:

包括一个长条形体模压砖块30,模压砖块30有四个长度相同的主面31和两端的两个端面32,其特征在于:有一个主面31有深槽33,该深槽33使两个端面32成“门”字形;该深槽33使“门”字形两个侧面分别成侧面脚35结构;The invention comprises a strip-shaped molded brick 30 having four main faces 31 of the same length and two end faces 32 at both ends, characterized in that one main face 31 has a deep groove 33, and the deep groove 33 makes The two end faces 32 are in the shape of a "door"; the deep groove 33 makes the two sides of the "door" shape into a side leg 35 structure;

“门”字形的深槽33深度为d,与“门”字形深槽33深度同方向的主面31高度为D,The deep groove 33 of the "door" shape has a depth d, and the height of the main surface 31 in the same direction as the depth of the "door" shaped deep groove 33 is D,

d:D=60—75:100,d: D = 60 - 75: 100,

“门”字形端面32两个底脚34的宽度相同,每个底脚34的宽度分别都为m,两个底脚34所在的主面31宽度为M,The width of the two legs 34 of the "door" end face 32 is the same, the width of each leg 34 is m, and the width of the main face 31 where the two legs 34 are located is M.

m:M=20—30:100;m: M = 20-30: 100;

一层墙体的结构:一层墙体由多快“门”字形砖的端面32相互粘接而成,每块“门”字形砖的两个底脚34都在下面,或者每块“门”字形砖的两个底脚34都在上面; The structure of a layer of wall: a layer of wall is made by bonding the end faces 32 of the fast "door" shaped bricks, and the two legs 34 of each "door" shaped brick are below, or each "door" "The two feet 34 of the glyph brick are on top;

墙体的整体结构:由多层墙体上下粘接而成,相邻的上下层墙体的竖向砖缝错位。The overall structure of the wall: the multi-layer wall is bonded up and down, and the vertical bricks of the adjacent upper and lower walls are misaligned.

“门”字形深槽33意义在于:在作墙体时,只要一层这种砖的“门”字形深槽33都向下或都向上,“门”字形深槽33就与相邻的上层或下层砖构成横向通孔,该横向通孔中就可放置管线,这样,管线就能放置在墙体中了,不用在墙体外设置这些管线,使墙体美观。The meaning of the "door" shaped deep groove 33 is that when the wall is made as long as the "door" shaped deep groove 33 of such a brick is downward or upward, the "door" shaped deep groove 33 is adjacent to the upper layer. Or the lower brick forms a transverse through hole, and the horizontal through hole can be placed in the pipeline, so that the pipeline can be placed in the wall without setting the pipeline outside the wall to make the wall beautiful.

用于墙内和墙外的管线相互连接连通的第一种结构:侧面脚35的内表面有一个或多个连接外管线用的深凹陷36,在连接外管线用的深凹陷36所在的侧面脚35外表面,有与该连接外管线用的深凹陷36位置对应的连接外管线用的浅凹陷37或标记划线38。The first structure for interconnecting the pipelines inside and outside the wall: the inner surface of the side legs 35 has one or more deep recesses 36 for connecting the outer pipelines, on the side where the deep recesses 36 for connecting the outer pipelines are located The outer surface of the foot 35 has a shallow recess 37 or a marking line 38 for connecting the outer line corresponding to the position of the deep recess 36 for the outer line.

连接外管线用的深凹陷36的深凹陷意义:连接外管线用的深凹陷36的深度接近使侧面脚35穿透成孔,但不能穿透成孔,即连接外管线用的深凹陷36的底部与侧面脚35外表面之间还有一层薄砖体。该层薄砖体用于在墙面涂抹灰时保证平整。该层薄砖体又易于被打穿成孔,该孔成为“门”字形中间管线的进出管线孔,使“门”字形中间的管线能与墙外的管线相连相通。The meaning of the deep depression of the deep recess 36 for connecting the outer pipeline: the depth of the deep recess 36 for connecting the outer pipeline is close to that the side leg 35 penetrates into the hole, but cannot penetrate into the hole, that is, the deep recess 36 for connecting the outer pipeline There is also a thin brick body between the bottom and the outer surface of the side leg 35. This thin brick body is used to ensure flatness when plastering the wall. The thin brick body is easily pierced into a hole, and the hole becomes an inlet and outlet hole of the "door"-shaped intermediate pipeline, so that the pipeline in the middle of the "door" can communicate with the pipeline outside the wall.

如果侧面脚35上没有连接外管线用的深凹陷36,要“门”字形中间的管线与墙外相连相通,只有破坏砖体,破坏砖体获得进出管线的孔很难操作。有连接外管线用的深凹陷36,并且还有砖体外表面对应位置的连接外管线用的浅凹陷37或标记划线38,能直接对准连接外管线用的深凹陷36位置将其打开成孔,用于砖内、墙体内的管线与墙外的管线相连相通,使管线能横向穿过墙体,避免破坏墙体外表面开槽安装管线。If the deep recess 36 for the outer pipeline is not connected to the side leg 35, the pipeline in the middle of the "door" shape is connected to the outside of the wall, and only the brick body is broken, and the hole for destroying the brick body to obtain the inlet and outlet pipeline is difficult to operate. There is a deep recess 36 for connecting the outer pipeline, and a shallow recess 37 or a marking line 38 for connecting the outer pipeline at the corresponding position on the outer surface of the brick, which can be directly aligned with the deep recess 36 for connecting the outer pipeline to open it. The hole is used for connecting the pipeline inside the brick and the wall to the pipeline outside the wall, so that the pipeline can pass through the wall laterally, so as to avoid damaging the installation line of the outer surface of the wall.

用于墙内和墙外的管线相互连接连通的第二种结构:“门”字形端面32两个底脚34的其中一个底脚34有进出管线通道缺口39。墙内和墙外的管线通过进出管线通道缺口39相互连接连通。A second structure for interconnecting the pipelines inside and outside the wall: a "door" shaped end face 32. One of the legs 34 of the two feet 34 has an inlet and outlet passage opening 39. The pipelines inside and outside the wall are connected to each other through the inlet and outlet passage gaps 39.

本实用新型优选的尺寸配合如下:The preferred size fit of the present invention is as follows:

“门”字形的深槽33深度d为65厘米,The deep groove 33 of the "door" shape has a depth d of 65 cm.

“门”字形深槽33深度同方向的主面31高度D为95厘米,The height D of the main face 31 of the "door" shaped deep groove 33 in the same direction is 95 cm.

每个“门”字形底脚34的宽度分别都m为25厘米,Each "door" shaped foot 34 has a width m of 25 cm, respectively.

两个底脚34所在的主面31宽度M为95厘米。The main face 31 on which the two feet 34 are located has a width M of 95 cm.

本实用新型不限制长条形体模压砖块30的长度、宽度、厚度尺寸。The utility model does not limit the length, width and thickness of the elongated body molded brick 30.

本实用新型的优点:与蜂窝状结构砖作的墙体相比,本实用新型是墙体粘接更牢固、重量更轻的轻质保温墙体,砖块的制作节能、环保。与蜂窝状结构砖相比,本实用新型的砖压模成形后脱模方便、成形砖的速度快,每一块砖的重量更轻,操作少费力,有棱边方便手拿, The utility model has the advantages that: compared with the wall made of the honeycomb structure brick, the utility model is a light heat insulation wall body with stronger wall bonding and lighter weight, and the brick block is energy-saving and environmentally friendly. Compared with the honeycomb structure brick, the brick mold of the utility model has the advantages of convenient demoulding after forming, and the speed of forming the brick is fast, and each brick has lighter weight, less operation and effort, and has an edge for convenient hand holding.

在本实用新型墙体内的每一层砖,具有能横向设置管线的空间,在墙体内设置管线,能直接对准连接外管线用的深凹陷位置将其打开成孔,用于砖内、墙体内的管线与墙外的管线相连相通,使管线能横向穿过墙体,墙内和墙外的管线通过进出管线通道缺口相互连接连通。避免破坏墙体外表面开槽安装管线。可以避免破坏墙体外表面开槽安装管线的问题,使设置管线方便、工程量减少。Each layer of brick in the wall of the utility model has a space in which a pipeline can be disposed laterally, and a pipeline is arranged in the wall body, and can be directly aligned with a deep recessed position for connecting the outer pipeline to open the hole for use in the brick. The pipeline inside the wall is connected with the pipeline outside the wall, so that the pipeline can pass through the wall horizontally, and the pipelines inside and outside the wall are connected to each other through the gap of the inlet and outlet pipelines. Avoid breaking the grooved installation line on the outer surface of the wall. It can avoid the problem of damaging the installation line of the outer surface of the wall, making the installation of the pipeline convenient and the engineering quantity reduced.

附图说明DRAWINGS

图1是“门”字形砖的结构示意图;Figure 1 is a schematic structural view of a "door" shaped brick;

图2是本实用新型的结构示意图。Figure 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention.

图中30是模压砖块、31是主面、32是端面、33是深槽、34是底脚、35是侧面脚、36是连接外管线用的深凹陷、37是连接外管线用的浅凹陷、38是标记划线、39是进出管线通道缺口。In the figure, 30 is a molded brick, 31 is a main surface, 32 is an end surface, 33 is a deep groove, 34 is a foot, 35 is a side leg, 36 is a deep recess for connecting an outer pipe, and 37 is a shallow for connecting an outer pipe. The recesses, 38 are mark lines, and 39 are gaps into and out of the pipeline.

具体实施方式detailed description

实施例1、“门”字形砖组成的墙内能横穿管线的轻质保温墙体Embodiment 1. A lightweight thermal insulation wall capable of traversing a pipeline in a wall composed of a "door" shaped brick

如图1、2,“门”字形砖组成的墙内能横穿管线的轻质保温墙体,包括多块“门”字形砖,“门”字形砖的结构如下:As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the lightweight insulation wall that can cross the pipeline in the wall composed of “gate” shaped bricks, including multiple “door” shaped bricks, has the following structure:

包括一个长条形体模压砖块30,模压砖块30有四个长度相同的主面31和两端的两个端面32,该两个端面32大小和形状相同,该两个端面32高度D为95厘米,该两个端面32宽度M为95厘米。An elongated strip molded block 30 is included. The molded block 30 has four main faces 31 of the same length and two end faces 32 at both ends. The two end faces 32 are the same size and shape, and the height D of the two end faces 32 is 95. In centimeters, the two end faces 32 have a width M of 95 cm.

长条形体模压砖块30有一个主面31有深槽33,该深槽33使两个端面32成“门”字形;该深槽33使“门”字形两个侧面分别成侧面脚35结构;The elongated strip-shaped molded block 30 has a main surface 31 having a deep groove 33 which makes the two end faces 32 into a "gate" shape; the deep groove 33 makes the "door"-shaped two sides respectively form a side leg 35 structure ;

“门”字形的深槽33深度d为65厘米,The deep groove 33 of the "door" shape has a depth d of 65 cm.

“门”字形深槽33深度同方向的主面31高度D为95厘米;The height D of the main face 31 of the "door" shaped deep groove 33 in the same direction is 95 cm;

每个“门”字形底脚34的宽度分别都m为25厘米,Each "door" shaped foot 34 has a width m of 25 cm, respectively.

两个底脚34所在的主面31宽度M为95厘米。The main face 31 on which the two feet 34 are located has a width M of 95 cm.

长条形体模压砖块30的某一个侧面脚35的内表面有一个连接外管线用的深凹陷36,在连接外管线用的深凹陷36所在的侧面脚35外表面,有与该连接外管线用的深凹陷36位置对应的连接外管线用的浅凹陷37或标记划线38。The inner surface of one of the side legs 35 of the elongated molded body block 30 has a deep recess 36 for connecting the outer line, and the outer surface of the side leg 35 where the deep recess 36 for connecting the outer line is located has an outer line connected thereto. The deep recess 36 position used corresponds to a shallow recess 37 or a marking dash 38 for connecting the outer line.

一个长条形体模压砖块30有一个连接外管线用的深凹陷36己足够用于使墙体内的管线与墙外管线相连相通。A strip-shaped molded block 30 having a deep recess 36 for connecting the outer line is sufficient for connecting the line in the wall to the outside line.

一层墙体的结构:一层墙体由多快“门”字形砖的端面32相互粘接而成,每块“门”字形砖的两个底脚34都在下面,或者每块“门”字形砖的两个底脚34都在上面; The structure of a layer of wall: a layer of wall is made by bonding the end faces 32 of the fast "door" shaped bricks, and the two legs 34 of each "door" shaped brick are below, or each "door" "The two feet 34 of the glyph brick are on top;

一些一层墙体的多块“门”字形砖中,有一块或少数几块“门”字形砖的两个底脚34的其中一个底脚34有进出管线通道缺口39。有的一层墙体的全部“门”字形砖都没有进出管线通道缺口39。Among the plurality of "door" shaped bricks of one layer of the wall, one of the legs 34 of one or a few of the "gate" shaped bricks has an entry and exit passage opening 39. All of the "door" shaped bricks of one wall have no access to the pipeline passage gap 39.

轻质保温墙体的整体结构:由多层墙体上下粘接而成,相邻的上下层墙体的竖向砖缝错位。 The overall structure of the lightweight thermal insulation wall: the multi-layer wall is bonded up and down, and the vertical bricks of the adjacent upper and lower walls are misaligned.

Claims (4)

  1. “门”字形砖组成的墙内能横穿管线的轻质保温墙体,其特征在于:包括多块“门”字形砖,“门”字形砖的结构如下:The lightweight insulation wall that can cross the pipeline in the wall composed of “door” shaped bricks is characterized in that it comprises a plurality of “door” shaped bricks, and the structure of the “door” shaped bricks is as follows:
    包括一个长条形体模压砖块(30),模压砖块(30)有四个长度相同的主面(31)和两端的两个端面(32),其特征在于:有一个主面(31)有深槽(33),该深槽(33)使两个端面(32)成“门”字形;该深槽(33)使“门”字形两个侧面分别成侧面脚(35)结构;The utility model comprises a long strip molded brick (30), wherein the molded brick (30) has four main faces (31) of the same length and two end faces (32) at both ends, characterized in that: one main face (31) There is a deep groove (33) which makes the two end faces (32) into a "gate" shape; the deep groove (33) makes the two sides of the "door" shape into a side foot (35) structure;
    “门”字形的深槽(33)深度为d,与“门”字形深槽(33)深度同方向的主面(31)高度为D,d:D=60—75:100,The deep groove (33) of the "door" shape has a depth d, and the height of the main surface (31) in the same direction as the depth of the "door" deep groove (33) is D, d: D = 60 - 75: 100,
    “门”字形端面(32)两个底脚(34)的宽度相同,每个底脚(34)的宽度分别都为m,两个底脚(34)所在的主面(31)宽度为M,The "door" end face (32) has the same width of the two legs (34), each foot (34) has a width m, and the main face (31) of the two feet (34) has a width M. ,
    m:M=20—30:100;m: M = 20-30: 100;
    一层墙体的结构:一层墙体由多快“门”字形砖的端面(32)相互粘接而成,每块“门”字形砖的两个底脚(34)都在下面,或者每块“门”字形砖的两个底脚(34)都在上面;The structure of a layer of wall: a layer of wall is made by bonding the end faces (32) of the fast "door" shaped bricks, and the two feet (34) of each "door" shaped brick are below, or The two feet (34) of each "door" shaped brick are on top;
    墙体的整体结构:由多层墙体上下粘接而成,相邻的上下层墙体的竖向砖缝错位。The overall structure of the wall: the multi-layer wall is bonded up and down, and the vertical bricks of the adjacent upper and lower walls are misaligned.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的“门”字形砖组成的墙内能横穿管线的轻质保温墙体,其特征在于:侧面脚(35)的内表面有一个或多个连接外管线用的深凹陷(36),在连接外管线用的深凹陷(36)所在的侧面脚(35)外表面,有与该连接外管线用的深凹陷(36)位置对应的连接外管线用的浅凹陷(37)或标记划线(38)。A lightweight thermal insulation wall capable of traversing a pipeline in a wall composed of a "door" shaped brick according to claim 1, wherein the inner surface of the side leg (35) has one or more deep connections for the outer pipeline. The recess (36), on the outer surface of the side leg (35) where the deep recess (36) for connecting the outer pipeline is located, has a shallow recess for connecting the outer pipeline corresponding to the position of the deep recess (36) for connecting the outer pipeline ( 37) or mark the line (38).
  3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的“门”字形砖组成的墙内能横穿管线的轻质保温墙体,其特征在于:“门”字形端面(32)两个底脚(34)的其中一个底脚(34)有进出管线通道缺口(39)。A lightweight thermal insulation wall capable of traversing a pipeline in a wall composed of a "door" shaped brick according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: a "door" shaped end face (32) of the two feet (34) One foot (34) has an inlet and outlet channel gap (39).
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的“门”字形砖组成的墙内能横穿管线的轻质保温墙体,其特征在于:A lightweight thermal insulation wall capable of traversing a pipeline in a wall composed of a "door" shaped brick according to claim 3, wherein:
    “门”字形的深槽(33)深度d为65厘米,The deep groove (33) of the "door" has a depth d of 65 cm.
    “门”字形深槽(33)深度同方向的主面(31)高度D为95厘米,The height of the "gate" shaped deep groove (33) with the depth of the main face (31) in the same direction is 95 cm.
    每个“门”字形底脚(34)的宽度分别都m为25厘米,Each "door" shaped foot (34) has a width of m 25 cm, respectively.
    两个底脚(34)所在的主面(31)宽度M为95厘米。 The main face (31) where the two feet (34) are located has a width M of 95 cm.
PCT/CN2014/091222 2014-07-22 2014-11-15 Light-weight insulating wall consisting of u-shaped bricks allowing pipeline to transversely pass through WO2016011735A1 (en)

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CN204001376U (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-12-10 周世华 " door " font brick of the horizontal threading of energy that combined wall is used
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