CN111155676A - Masonry structure crack prevention construction method - Google Patents

Masonry structure crack prevention construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111155676A
CN111155676A CN201911366336.9A CN201911366336A CN111155676A CN 111155676 A CN111155676 A CN 111155676A CN 201911366336 A CN201911366336 A CN 201911366336A CN 111155676 A CN111155676 A CN 111155676A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ring
roof
layer
masonry
longitudinal
Prior art date
Application number
CN201911366336.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
单龙
赵运乐
田福军
张昭
王龙
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中交一航局安装工程有限公司
中交第一航务工程局有限公司
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Priority to CN201911366336.9A priority Critical patent/CN111155676A/en
Publication of CN111155676A publication Critical patent/CN111155676A/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/64Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D11/00Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00, e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/15Trimming strips; Edge strips; Fascias; Expansion joints for roofs
    • E04D13/151Expansion joints for roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G23/00Working measures on existing buildings
    • E04G23/02Repairing, e.g. filling cracks; Restoring; Altering; Enlarging
    • E04G23/0218Increasing or restoring the load-bearing capacity of building construction elements

Abstract

The invention provides a masonry structure crack prevention construction method, which comprises the following steps: arranging longitudinal and transverse walls; arranging a reinforced concrete column at the joint of the longitudinal wall and the transverse wall; laying the roof board; expansion joints of the roof panel are added locally; the bearing surface of the plate end is made into a sliding surface; a sliding layer is arranged between the plate bottom and the ring beam; anti-cracking columns are reasonably distributed at the end part of the top wall body; setting mortar joint reinforcing steel bars; additionally arranging a constructional column; and arranging a ground ring beam at the top of the foundation for engineering acceptance. The invention has simple process, enhances the deformation coordination of different components, reduces the accumulation of the expansion of the end part of the roof panel, effectively controls the cracking of the end wall body of the top layer, lightens the additional internal force of the concrete slab of the roof, effectively improves the wall body cracking quality problem of temperature cracks and foundation differential settlement cracks and further improves the construction quality by adding constructional columns or laying reinforcing meshes in the end wall body of the top layer and connecting the constructional columns with the roof and the ring beam of the top layer to form the anti-lateral-shift wall with larger lateral shifting rigidity.

Description

Masonry structure crack prevention construction method

Technical Field

The invention relates to the technical field of civil construction and masonry engineering, in particular to a masonry structure crack prevention construction method.

Background

The masonry wall is one of main components of a building, plays roles of enclosing and bearing, and generally only pays attention to the strength requirement and the anti-seismic construction measure of a masonry structure in engineering design, but neglects the consideration of cracks. Masonry walls are brittle materials, and once cracks exist, the integrity, durability and seismic performance of the structure are reduced. With the commercialization of housing, cracks become a very intuitive and sensitive quality standard for residents to judge building safety.

However, the deformation coordination of different members of the existing masonry wall body in the wall body masonry process is not ideal, additional tensile stress is easily generated in the roof panel, the roof panel is easy to crack due to the accumulation of expansion of the end part of the roof panel, the wall body crack quality problem of temperature cracks and foundation uneven settlement cracks is further aggravated, and the construction quality is seriously influenced.

Disclosure of Invention

The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provides a masonry structure crack prevention construction method.

In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:

a masonry structure crack prevention construction method is characterized by comprising the following steps:

(1) when masonry structure building design is carried out, the height staggered floor of the longitudinal and transverse walls is not more than 0.5 m;

(2) arranging reinforced concrete columns at the joints of the longitudinal and transverse walls, arranging reinforced concrete ring beams penetrating through the high-low-rise wall bodies at staggered floors, and extending out lugs on the ring beams to form L-shaped beams;

(3) laying two layers of asphalt felts on the L-shaped beams, clamping a slip promoting agent in the asphalt felts, and laying a roof panel;

(4) laying a heat-insulating layer and a heat-insulating layer on the roof board, and locally adding expansion joints of the roof board;

(5) the expansion joint of the slab end is reserved at the two ends of the expansion joint section of the house cover, and the bearing surface of the slab end is made into a sliding surface;

(6) the top ring beam is arranged at the bottom of the roof panel, and a sliding layer is arranged between the bottom of the roof panel and the ring beam, so that the roof panel can deform freely;

(7) anti-cracking columns are reasonably distributed at the end part of the top wall body;

(8) setting mortar joint reinforcing steel bar, setting mortar joint of second brick under window opening6 through long tie bars, the top end is opened and the junction of the inner and outer longitudinal walls and the outer longitudinal wall is arranged every 500mm6, passing through a long tie bar;

(9) adding constructional columns or laying reinforcing meshes in the wall body at the end part of the top layer, connecting the constructional columns with the roof and the ring beam on the top layer floor to form a lateral movement resisting wall with larger lateral movement rigidity, and arranging a concrete ring beam for reinforcing the roof;

(10) set up the ground ring roof beam at the top of ground, set up additional reinforced concrete area about the opening in a wall, thickness adopts 60mm, and the width is with outer wall width, makes whole outer wall seal the setting, and every layer sets up the ring roof beam at the bottom of the board, and the vertical and horizontal wall all sets up, and the ring roof beam will all be handed over the circle, is being cut by the opening in the place, sets up its overlap joint length of additional ring roof beam and is not less than 1m and additional ring roof beam and 2 times of ring roof beam distance to the engineering is accepted.

Preferably, the distance between the transverse walls in the step (1) is not more than 7 m.

Preferably, the lubricant in step (3) is any one of talcum powder, marble powder and industrial oil plant fatty acid.

Preferably, the sliding layer in the step (6) is dry-laid 1-2 layers of felt, and a gap is formed between the top ring beam and the bottom plate of the roof panel more tightly.

Preferably, the ground ring beam in the step (10) adopts a section of 250 multiplied by 250mm, and the ground ring beam is provided with14 longitudinal bars, the distance between the hoops is 200 mm.

The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention has simple process, compared with the traditional construction method for preventing cracks of the masonry wall, the compatibility of deformation of different members is enhanced by arranging the reinforced concrete columns at the joints of the longitudinal wall and the transverse wall, the accumulation of expansion at the end parts of the roof panel is reduced by locally additionally arranging the expansion joints of the roof panel, the additional internal force of the roof concrete panel is reduced by additionally arranging the constructional columns or laying the reinforcing mesh in the wall at the end part of the top layer and connecting the constructional columns and the ring beam of the top layer floor to form the lateral movement-resistant wall with larger lateral movement rigidity, the cracking of the wall at the end part of the top layer is effectively controlled, and meanwhile, the concrete ring beam for reinforcing the roof is arranged, so that the additional internal force of the roof concrete panel is reduced, the quality problem of wall cracks of temperature cracks and uneven settlement cracks of a foundation is effectively.

Detailed Description

The invention is further illustrated by the following examples:

a masonry structure crack prevention construction method is characterized by comprising the following steps:

(1) when masonry structure building design is carried out, the height staggered floor of the longitudinal and transverse walls is not more than 0.5 m;

(2) arranging reinforced concrete columns at the joints of the longitudinal and transverse walls, arranging reinforced concrete ring beams penetrating through the high-low-rise wall bodies at staggered floors, and extending out lugs on the ring beams to form L-shaped beams;

(3) laying two layers of asphalt felts on the L-shaped beams, clamping a slip promoting agent in the asphalt felts, and laying a roof panel;

(4) laying a heat-insulating layer and a heat-insulating layer on the roof board, and locally adding expansion joints of the roof board;

(5) the expansion joint of the slab end is reserved at the two ends of the expansion joint section of the house cover, and the bearing surface of the slab end is made into a sliding surface;

(6) the top ring beam is arranged at the bottom of the roof panel, and a sliding layer is arranged between the bottom of the roof panel and the ring beam, so that the roof panel can deform freely;

(7) anti-cracking columns are reasonably distributed at the end part of the top wall body;

(8) setting mortar joint reinforcing steel bar, setting mortar joint of second brick under window opening6 through long tie bars, the top end is opened and the junction of the inner and outer longitudinal walls and the outer longitudinal wall is arranged every 500mm6, passing through a long tie bar;

(9) adding constructional columns or laying reinforcing meshes in the wall body at the end part of the top layer, connecting the constructional columns with the roof and the ring beam on the top layer floor to form a lateral movement resisting wall with larger lateral movement rigidity, and arranging a concrete ring beam for reinforcing the roof;

(10) set up the ground ring roof beam at the top of ground, set up additional reinforced concrete area about the opening in a wall, thickness adopts 60mm, and the width is with outer wall width, makes whole outer wall seal the setting, and every layer sets up the ring roof beam at the bottom of the board, and the vertical and horizontal wall all sets up, and the ring roof beam will all be handed over the circle, is being cut by the opening in the place, sets up its overlap joint length of additional ring roof beam and is not less than 1m and additional ring roof beam and 2 times of ring roof beam distance to the engineering is accepted.

Preferably, the distance between the transverse walls in the step (1) is not more than 7 m.

Preferably, the lubricant in step (3) is any one of talcum powder, marble powder and industrial oil plant fatty acid.

Preferably, the sliding layer in the step (6) is dry-laid 1-2 layers of felt, and a gap is formed between the top ring beam and the bottom plate of the roof panel more tightly.

Preferably, the ground ring beam in the step (10) adopts a section of 250 multiplied by 250mm, and the ground ring beam is provided with14 longitudinal rib and stirrup spacingIs 200 mm.

Example 1

A masonry structure crack prevention construction method comprises the following steps:

(1) when masonry structure building design is carried out, the height staggered floor of the longitudinal and transverse walls is 0.5m, and the distance between the transverse walls is 7 m;

(2) arranging reinforced concrete columns at the joints of the longitudinal and transverse walls, arranging reinforced concrete ring beams penetrating through the high-low-rise wall bodies at staggered floors, and extending out lugs on the ring beams to form L-shaped beams;

(3) laying two layers of asphalt felts on the L-shaped beams, sandwiching a slip promoting agent which is talcum powder in the asphalt felts, and laying a roof panel;

(4) laying a heat-insulating layer and a heat-insulating layer on the roof board, and locally adding expansion joints of the roof board;

(5) the expansion joint of the slab end is reserved at the two ends of the expansion joint section of the house cover, and the bearing surface of the slab end is made into a sliding surface;

(6) the top ring beam is arranged at the bottom of the roof panel, a sliding layer is arranged between the bottom of the roof panel and the ring beam, the sliding layer is dry-laid 1, and a gap is tighter between the top ring beam and the bottom plate of the roof panel, so that the roof panel can deform freely;

(7) anti-cracking columns are reasonably distributed at the end part of the top wall body;

(8) setting mortar joint reinforcing steel bar, setting mortar joint of second brick under window opening6 through long tie bars, the top end is opened and the junction of the inner and outer longitudinal walls and the outer longitudinal wall is arranged every 500mm6, passing through a long tie bar;

(9) adding constructional columns or laying reinforcing meshes in the wall body at the end part of the top layer, connecting the constructional columns with the roof and the ring beam on the top layer floor to form a lateral movement resisting wall with larger lateral movement rigidity, and arranging a concrete ring beam for reinforcing the roof;

(10) the top of the foundation is provided with a ground ring beam, the ground ring beam adopts a section of 250 multiplied by 250mm, and the ground ring beam is matched with14 indulge the muscle, the stirrup interval is 200mm, sets up additional reinforced concrete area about the opening in the window, and thickness adopts 60mm, and the width is with outer wall width, makes whole outer wall seal the setting, and every layer sets up the collar tie-beam at the bottom of the board, indulges the horizontal wall and all sets up, and the collar tie-beam will all be handed over the circle, is being cut by the opening in the place, sets up its overlap joint length of additional collar tie-beam and is 1m and 2 times of additional collar tie-beam and collar tie-beam distance to the engineering is accepted.

Example 2

A masonry structure crack prevention construction method comprises the following steps:

(1) when masonry structure building design is carried out, the height staggered floor of the longitudinal and transverse walls is 0.3m, and the distance between the transverse walls is 1 m;

(2) arranging reinforced concrete columns at the joints of the longitudinal and transverse walls, arranging reinforced concrete ring beams penetrating through the high-low-rise wall bodies at staggered floors, and extending out lugs on the ring beams to form L-shaped beams;

(3) laying two layers of asphalt felts on the L-shaped beam, sandwiching a slip promoting agent in the asphalt felts, wherein the slip promoting agent is marble dust, and laying a roof panel;

(4) laying a heat-insulating layer and a heat-insulating layer on the roof board, and locally adding expansion joints of the roof board;

(5) the expansion joint of the slab end is reserved at the two ends of the expansion joint section of the house cover, and the bearing surface of the slab end is made into a sliding surface;

(6) the top ring beam is arranged at the bottom of the roof panel, a sliding layer is arranged between the bottom of the roof panel and the ring beam, the sliding layer is 2 layers of dry-laid felt, and a gap is tighter between the top ring beam and the bottom plate of the roof panel, so that the roof panel can deform freely;

(7) anti-cracking columns are reasonably distributed at the end part of the top wall body;

(8) setting mortar joint reinforcing steel bar, setting mortar joint of second brick under window opening6 through long tie bars, the top end is opened and the junction of the inner and outer longitudinal walls and the outer longitudinal wall is arranged every 500mm6, passing through a long tie bar;

(9) adding constructional columns or laying reinforcing meshes in the wall body at the end part of the top layer, connecting the constructional columns with the roof and the ring beam on the top layer floor to form a lateral movement resisting wall with larger lateral movement rigidity, and arranging a concrete ring beam for reinforcing the roof;

(10) the top of the foundation is provided with a ground ring beam, the ground ring beam adopts a section of 250 multiplied by 250mm, and the ground ring beam is matched with14 indulge the muscle, the stirrup interval is 200mm, sets up additional reinforced concrete area about the opening in the window, and thickness adopts 60mm, and the width is with outer wall width, makes whole outer wall seal the setting, and every layer sets up the collar tie-beam at the bottom of the board, indulges the horizontal wall and all sets up, and the collar tie-beam will all be handed over the circle, is being cut by the opening in the place, sets up its overlap joint length of additional collar tie-beam and is 4m and 2 times of additional collar tie-beam and collar tie-beam distance to the engineering is accepted.

Example 3

A masonry structure crack prevention construction method comprises the following steps:

(1) when masonry structure building design is carried out, the height staggered floor of the longitudinal and transverse walls is 0.1m, and the distance between the transverse walls is 3 m;

(2) arranging reinforced concrete columns at the joints of the longitudinal and transverse walls, arranging reinforced concrete ring beams penetrating through the high-low-rise wall bodies at staggered floors, and extending out lugs on the ring beams to form L-shaped beams;

(3) laying two layers of felts on the L-shaped beam, sandwiching a slip promoter which is industrial oil plant fatty acid, and laying a roof board;

(4) laying a heat-insulating layer and a heat-insulating layer on the roof board, and locally adding expansion joints of the roof board;

(5) the expansion joint of the slab end is reserved at the two ends of the expansion joint section of the house cover, and the bearing surface of the slab end is made into a sliding surface;

(6) the top ring beam is arranged at the bottom of the roof panel, a sliding layer is arranged between the bottom of the roof panel and the ring beam, the sliding layer is a dry-laid 1-layer felt, and a gap is tighter between the top ring beam and the bottom plate of the roof panel, so that the roof panel can deform freely;

(7) anti-cracking columns are reasonably distributed at the end part of the top wall body;

(8) setting mortar joint reinforcing steel bar, setting mortar joint of second brick under window opening6 through long tie bars, the top end is opened and the junction of the inner and outer longitudinal walls and the outer longitudinal wall is arranged every 500mm6, passing through a long tie bar;

(9) adding constructional columns or laying reinforcing meshes in the wall body at the end part of the top layer, connecting the constructional columns with the roof and the ring beam on the top layer floor to form a lateral movement resisting wall with larger lateral movement rigidity, and arranging a concrete ring beam for reinforcing the roof;

(10) the top of the foundation is provided with a ground ring beam, the ground ring beam adopts a section of 250 multiplied by 250mm, and the ground ring beam is matched with14 indulge the muscle, the stirrup interval is 200mm, sets up additional reinforced concrete area about the opening in the window, and thickness adopts 60mm, and the width is with outer wall width, makes whole outer wall seal the setting, and every layer sets up the collar tie-beam at the bottom of the board, indulges the horizontal wall and all sets up, and the collar tie-beam will all be handed over the circle, is being cut by the opening in the place, sets up its overlap joint length of additional collar tie-beam and is not less than 1m and additional collar tie-beam and 2 times of collar tie-beam distance to the engineering is accepted.

The invention has been described in an illustrative manner, and it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific embodiments described above, but is intended to cover various modifications, which may be made by the methods and technical solutions of the invention, or may be applied to other applications without modification.

Claims (5)

1. A masonry structure crack prevention construction method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
(1) when masonry structure building design is carried out, the height staggered floor of the longitudinal and transverse walls is not more than 0.5 m;
(2) arranging reinforced concrete columns at the joints of the longitudinal and transverse walls, arranging reinforced concrete ring beams penetrating through the high-low-rise wall bodies at staggered floors, and extending out lugs on the ring beams to form L-shaped beams;
(3) laying two layers of asphalt felts on the L-shaped beams, clamping a slip promoting agent in the asphalt felts, and laying a roof panel;
(4) laying a heat-insulating layer and a heat-insulating layer on the roof board, and locally adding expansion joints of the roof board;
(5) the expansion joint of the slab end is reserved at the two ends of the expansion joint section of the house cover, and the bearing surface of the slab end is made into a sliding surface;
(6) the top ring beam is arranged at the bottom of the roof panel, and a sliding layer is arranged between the bottom of the roof panel and the ring beam, so that the roof panel can deform freely;
(7) anti-cracking columns are reasonably distributed at the end part of the top wall body;
(8) setting mortar joint reinforcing steel bar, setting mortar joint of second brick under window openingThrough long tie bars are arranged at the joints of the inner and outer longitudinal walls and the outer longitudinal wall every 500mm between the top end openingPassing through long tie bars;
(9) adding constructional columns or laying reinforcing meshes in the wall body at the end part of the top layer, connecting the constructional columns with the roof and the ring beam on the top layer floor to form a lateral movement resisting wall with larger lateral movement rigidity, and arranging a concrete ring beam for reinforcing the roof;
(10) set up the ground ring roof beam at the top of ground, set up additional reinforced concrete area about the opening in a wall, thickness adopts 60mm, and the width is with outer wall width, makes whole outer wall seal the setting, and every layer sets up the ring roof beam at the bottom of the board, and the vertical and horizontal wall all sets up, and the ring roof beam will all be handed over the circle, is being cut by the opening in the place, sets up its overlap joint length of additional ring roof beam and is not less than 1m and additional ring roof beam and 2 times of ring roof beam distance to the engineering is accepted.
2. The masonry structure crack prevention construction method according to claim 1, wherein the distance between the cross walls in the step (1) is not more than 7 m.
3. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the slip promoter in step (3) is any one of talc powder, dolomite powder and vegetable fatty acid of industrial oil.
4. The masonry structure crack prevention construction method according to claim 1, wherein the sliding layer in the step (6) is dry-laid 1-2 layers of linoleum, and the gap is made to be tighter between the top ring beam and the bottom plate of the roof panel.
5. The masonry structure crack prevention construction method according to claim 1, wherein the ground ring beam in the step (10) has a cross section of 250 x 250mm, and the ground ring beam is provided with the ground ring beamThe distance between the longitudinal bars and the hooping bars is 200 mm.
CN201911366336.9A 2019-12-26 2019-12-26 Masonry structure crack prevention construction method CN111155676A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030028123A (en) * 2001-09-27 2003-04-08 고대석 construction method for joint between concrete column and block wall
CN101457556A (en) * 2006-06-16 2009-06-17 罗进南 Core beam constructional column mixed combination wall, building method and relevant building block
CN102182316A (en) * 2011-04-11 2011-09-14 山东送变电工程公司 Building method for controlling temperature cracks of masonry
CN103469898A (en) * 2012-06-06 2013-12-25 贵阳铝镁设计研究院有限公司 Method and structure for preventing house top floor wall body cracks
CN106088385A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-11-09 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Highlight lines area frame structure stair shockproof structure

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030028123A (en) * 2001-09-27 2003-04-08 고대석 construction method for joint between concrete column and block wall
CN101457556A (en) * 2006-06-16 2009-06-17 罗进南 Core beam constructional column mixed combination wall, building method and relevant building block
CN102182316A (en) * 2011-04-11 2011-09-14 山东送变电工程公司 Building method for controlling temperature cracks of masonry
CN103469898A (en) * 2012-06-06 2013-12-25 贵阳铝镁设计研究院有限公司 Method and structure for preventing house top floor wall body cracks
CN106088385A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-11-09 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Highlight lines area frame structure stair shockproof structure

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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