CN103422606A - Structural column erecting-free block and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Structural column erecting-free block and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103422606A
CN103422606A CN2013103529987A CN201310352998A CN103422606A CN 103422606 A CN103422606 A CN 103422606A CN 2013103529987 A CN2013103529987 A CN 2013103529987A CN 201310352998 A CN201310352998 A CN 201310352998A CN 103422606 A CN103422606 A CN 103422606A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building block
constructional column
wing
formwork
edge
Prior art date
Application number
CN2013103529987A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103422606B (en
Inventor
吕国玉
何向全
周向明
李佳
方莲华
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歌山建设集团有限公司
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Priority to CN201310352998.7A priority Critical patent/CN103422606B/en
Publication of CN103422606A publication Critical patent/CN103422606A/en
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Publication of CN103422606B publication Critical patent/CN103422606B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a structural column erecting-free block and a construction method thereof. The structural column erecting-free block comprises two building blocks spliced to each other. The two building blocks are spliced into a hollow rectangular structure. The structural column erecting-free block and the construction method thereof have the advantages that the steps of form erecting and form stripping are omitted, the surface is smooth, plastering and leveling are avoided, fewer steps are required, construction cost is reduced, and surface cracking caused by plastering is avoided.

Description

Constructional column is exempted from formwork building block and job practices

Technical field

The invention belongs to building field, specifically a kind of constructional column is exempted from formwork building block and job practices.

Background technology

Along with national wall changes the development of policy and the enhancing of people's environmental consciousness, the materials for wall in construction work has been used various block materials more and more, and wherein Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks is widely used in infilled wall and the enclosure wall of frame construction.At assigned positions such as the corner of blockwork and body of wall middle parts, constructional column is set, can improves resistance to overturning and the anti-seismic performance of body of wall.

Constructional column traditional method in blockwork: first colligation constructional column reinforcing bar during construction, build constructional column both sides body of wall, then install template, placing of concrete.

The defect of this way: 1, need to install template and stripping, operation is more; If 2 formwork erection imprecisions, easily run mould and the planeness deviation occurs, cause and pick cutter concrete, plaster leveling.

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Summary of the invention

In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, to the invention provides a kind of constructional column and exempt from formwork building block and job practices.

A kind of constructional column is exempted from the formwork building block, it is characterized in that it comprises two building blocks of splicing mutually, and described two building blocks are spliced into the rectangular structure of hollow mutually.

Described a kind of constructional column is exempted from the formwork building block, it is characterized in that described building block is grooved, and the building block two ends arrange respectively the edge of a wing.

Described a kind of constructional column is exempted from the formwork building block, it is characterized in that the edge of a wing thickness of the edge of a wing Thickness Ratio building block other end of described building block one end is thick.

Described a kind of constructional column is exempted from the formwork building block, it is characterized in that the edge of a wing thickness of described building block one end is 80-90mm, and the edge of a wing thickness of the building block other end is 20-30mm.

Described a kind of constructional column is exempted from the formwork building block, it is characterized in that the edge of a wing thickness of described building block one end is 85mm, and the edge of a wing thickness of the building block other end is 25mm.

Described a kind of constructional column is exempted from the formwork building block, it is characterized in that mutual splicing place of described building block is fold-line-shaped, forms groove and tognue type and connects.

Described constructional column is exempted from the method that the formwork building block is constructed, and it is characterized in that comprising the steps:

1) for the engineering that constructional column is arranged, before laying bricks, should first according to design drawing, snap the line be carried out in the constructional column position, and straight the processing of constructional column joint bar, colligation constructional column reinforcing bar;

2) during masonry panel, with the constructional column junction, be built into horse tooth trough, the horse tooth trough height is corresponding with building block;

3) drawknot of building block and constructional column adopts L shaped ironware or steel tie, by the designing requirement position, places, during the design no requirement (NR), according to the building block height dimension, along the high 50~60cm of wall, arrange, when adopting steel tie, can be in the building block on constructional column both sides the sawing groove, thereby effectively bond reinforcing bar.

4) after the concrete block masonry of constructional column both sides, the building block of building structure post, the setting of staggering between this building block adjacent two layers, to form horse tooth trough, if body of wall is too high, the stability of constructional column building block when guaranteeing concreting, can with steel pipe or flitch, clamp on the body of wall two sides, after concrete reaches some strength, dismantle steel pipe or flitch, the constructional column building block need not be removed.

Described method, is characterized in that step 2) in the horse tooth trough height be no more than 300mm, advance and retreat are of a size of 60mm.

Described method, is characterized in that in step 3), the every limit of steel tie deeply should not be less than 1m within the walls.

Constructional column of the present invention is exempted from formwork building block and job practices, has saved the operation of formwork and form removal, and surfacing, and plaster leveling, can reduce operation again, reduces construction cost, and the surface layer cracking of having avoided plastering and having caused.

The accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the stereogram of two-piece type building block of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the stereogram of groove and tognue type building block of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the top view of two-piece type building block of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the front view of groove and tognue type building block of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is building block of the present invention upper strata (lower floor) plan view;

Fig. 6 is building block lower floor of the present invention (upper strata) plan view;

Fig. 7 is 1-1 sectional view of Fig. 5;

Fig. 8 is overall structure stereogram of the present invention;

In figure, 1-building block; 2-edge of a wing; 3-constructional column reinforcing bar; 4-body of wall.

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The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail.

As shown in Figures 1 to 4, building block 1 of the present invention can be made two kinds of forms:

1, two-piece type: the building block 1 by two grooveds forms, and the edge of a wing 2 is established on building block 1 both sides, on one side thickness be 85mm, another side thickness is 25mm, so is provided with two purposes: the first keeps stability during for the building block of building structure post; It two is to stagger up and down and arrange to form horse tooth trough for building block 1.

2, two half blocks form a building-block, and groove and tognue type is made in joint, bonding with special-purpose cementing mortar.

As shown in Fig. 5 to Fig. 8, job practices of the present invention is as follows:

For the engineering that constructional column is arranged, before laying bricks, should first according to design drawing, snap the line be carried out in the constructional column position, and straight the processing of constructional column joint bar, colligation constructional column reinforcing bar.

During masonry panel, with the constructional column junction, be built into horse tooth trough, the horse tooth trough height is corresponding with building block 1, generally is no more than 300mm, and advance and retreat are of a size of 60mm.

Building block 1 adopts L shaped ironware or steel tie with the drawknot of constructional column, by the designing requirement position, places, and during the design no requirement (NR), according to building block 1 height dimension, along the high 50~60cm of wall, arranges.When adopting steel tie, because the special-purpose cementing mortar gray seam thickness of building block 1 is 3-5mm, and steel tie is φ 6.5, can be in the building block 1 on constructional column both sides the sawing groove, thereby effectively bond reinforcing bar.The every limit of horizontal tension rib deeply should not be less than 1m within the walls.

After the concrete block masonry of constructional column both sides, build new type block by laying bricks or stones, this building block 1 placement of staggering up and down, to form horse tooth trough (see Fig. 5 to Fig. 8, take the two-piece type building block as example, the groove and tognue type building block is constructed substantially with the two-piece type building block).If body of wall 4 is too high, the stability of constructional column new type block when guaranteeing concreting, can clamp with steel pipe or flitch on body of wall 4 two sides.After concrete reaches some strength, dismantle steel pipe or flitch, the constructional column building block need not be removed.

The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any modifications of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a constructional column is exempted from the formwork building block, it is characterized in that it comprises two building blocks (1) of splicing mutually, and described two building blocks (1) are spliced into the rectangular structure of hollow mutually.
2. a kind of constructional column as claimed in claim 1 is exempted from the formwork building block, it is characterized in that described building block (1) is grooved, and the building block two ends arrange respectively the edge of a wing (2).
3. a kind of constructional column as claimed in claim 2 is exempted from the formwork building block, it is characterized in that the edge of a wing (2) thickness of the edge of a wing (2) Thickness Ratio building block (1) other end of described building block (1) one end is thick.
4. a kind of constructional column as claimed in claim 3 is exempted from the formwork building block, it is characterized in that the edge of a wing (2) thickness of described building block (1) one end is 80-90mm, and the edge of a wing (2) thickness of building block (1) other end is 20-30mm.
5. a kind of constructional column as claimed in claim 3 is exempted from the formwork building block, it is characterized in that the edge of a wing (2) thickness of described building block (1) one end is 85mm, and the edge of a wing (2) thickness of building block (1) other end is 25mm.
6. a kind of constructional column as claimed in claim 1 is exempted from the formwork building block, it is characterized in that mutual splicing place of described building block (1) is fold-line-shaped, forms groove and tognue type and connects.
7. one kind is used constructional column as claimed in claim 1 to exempt from the method that the formwork building block is constructed, and it is characterized in that comprising the steps:
1) for the engineering that constructional column is arranged, before laying bricks, should first according to design drawing, snap the line be carried out in the constructional column position, and straight the processing of constructional column joint bar, colligation constructional column reinforcing bar;
2) during masonry panel (4), with the constructional column junction, be built into horse tooth trough, the horse tooth trough height is corresponding with building block;
3) drawknot of building block and constructional column adopts L shaped ironware or steel tie, by the designing requirement position, places, during the design no requirement (NR), according to the building block height dimension, along the high 50~60cm of wall, arrange, when adopting steel tie, can be in the building block on constructional column both sides the sawing groove, thereby effectively bond reinforcing bar;
4) after the concrete block masonry of constructional column both sides, building structure post new type block (1), the setting of staggering between building block (1) adjacent two layers, to form horse tooth trough, if body of wall (4) is too high, the stability of constructional column building block when guaranteeing concreting, can with steel pipe or flitch, clamp on body of wall (4) two sides, after concrete reaches some strength, dismantle steel pipe or flitch, the constructional column building block need not be removed.
8. method as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that step 2) in the horse tooth trough height be no more than 300mm, advance and retreat are of a size of 60mm.
9. method as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that in step 3), the every limit of steel tie deeply should not be less than 1m within the walls.
CN201310352998.7A 2013-08-14 2013-08-14 Structural column erecting-free block and construction method CN103422606B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103422606A true CN103422606A (en) 2013-12-04
CN103422606B CN103422606B (en) 2016-07-27

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104912189A (en) * 2014-03-13 2015-09-16 株洲博尔曼科技发展有限公司 Reinforced concrete block frame structure and construction method thereof
CN105064543A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-11-18 歌山建设集团有限公司 Formwork-free constructional column and construction method
CN105113660A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-12-02 朱占元 Construction method of constructional column constructed simultaneously with framework structure infill wall
CN105350701A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-02-24 承德明德建材制造有限公司 Building block material unit and butt joint structure thereof
CN106968366A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-07-21 中原工学院 A kind of construction method for pouring constructional column free removal template
CN107366385A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-11-21 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of thermal insulation structure post and its construction method
CN108331237A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-07-27 广东梁亮建筑工程有限公司 A kind of construction method of constructional column building block and building structure column
CN108708481A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-10-26 中国化学工程第六建设有限公司 Constructional column exempts from formwork construction method
CN110359631A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-10-22 福建磊鑫(集团)有限公司 Secondary structure Constructional Col-umn Construction method
CN110629933A (en) * 2019-09-30 2019-12-31 重庆华硕建设有限公司 Structure of structural column without supporting form

Citations (8)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB190010180A (en) * 1900-06-02 1900-09-01 John Carrington Sellars Improvements in Building Blocks and Structures.
BE888800A (en) * 1981-05-14 1981-08-28 Sondag Jean Paul Formwork for concrete sail
JPH03217538A (en) * 1990-01-23 1991-09-25 Takeshige Shimonohara Block body for constructing use
CN101457556A (en) * 2006-06-16 2009-06-17 罗进南 Core beam constructional column mixed combination wall, building method and relevant building block
CN102535847A (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-07-04 郑州航空工业管理学院 Method for constructing gypsum self-insulation outer wall block masonry
CN102797308A (en) * 2012-08-02 2012-11-28 湖南大学 Novel self-insulating constructional column
CN202672454U (en) * 2012-06-28 2013-01-16 夏传清 Combined mortar-free wall building block
CN203440980U (en) * 2013-08-14 2014-02-19 歌山建设集团有限公司 Structural column building block built without erecting templates

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB190010180A (en) * 1900-06-02 1900-09-01 John Carrington Sellars Improvements in Building Blocks and Structures.
BE888800A (en) * 1981-05-14 1981-08-28 Sondag Jean Paul Formwork for concrete sail
JPH03217538A (en) * 1990-01-23 1991-09-25 Takeshige Shimonohara Block body for constructing use
CN101457556A (en) * 2006-06-16 2009-06-17 罗进南 Core beam constructional column mixed combination wall, building method and relevant building block
CN102535847A (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-07-04 郑州航空工业管理学院 Method for constructing gypsum self-insulation outer wall block masonry
CN202672454U (en) * 2012-06-28 2013-01-16 夏传清 Combined mortar-free wall building block
CN102797308A (en) * 2012-08-02 2012-11-28 湖南大学 Novel self-insulating constructional column
CN203440980U (en) * 2013-08-14 2014-02-19 歌山建设集团有限公司 Structural column building block built without erecting templates

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104912189A (en) * 2014-03-13 2015-09-16 株洲博尔曼科技发展有限公司 Reinforced concrete block frame structure and construction method thereof
CN105113660B (en) * 2015-06-25 2018-10-16 朱占元 A kind of construction method for the constructional column constructed simultaneously with frame structure filling wall
CN105113660A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-12-02 朱占元 Construction method of constructional column constructed simultaneously with framework structure infill wall
CN105064543A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-11-18 歌山建设集团有限公司 Formwork-free constructional column and construction method
CN105350701A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-02-24 承德明德建材制造有限公司 Building block material unit and butt joint structure thereof
CN106968366A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-07-21 中原工学院 A kind of construction method for pouring constructional column free removal template
CN106968366B (en) * 2017-05-09 2020-01-10 中原工学院 Construction method for pouring constructional column without dismantling formwork
CN107366385A (en) * 2017-08-02 2017-11-21 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of thermal insulation structure post and its construction method
CN108331237A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-07-27 广东梁亮建筑工程有限公司 A kind of construction method of constructional column building block and building structure column
CN108708481A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-10-26 中国化学工程第六建设有限公司 Constructional column exempts from formwork construction method
CN110359631A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-10-22 福建磊鑫(集团)有限公司 Secondary structure Constructional Col-umn Construction method
CN110629933A (en) * 2019-09-30 2019-12-31 重庆华硕建设有限公司 Structure of structural column without supporting form

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