CN105714849A - Reverse construction method for adjacent high and low floors (bays) of basement - Google Patents

Reverse construction method for adjacent high and low floors (bays) of basement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105714849A
CN105714849A CN201610065612.8A CN201610065612A CN105714849A CN 105714849 A CN105714849 A CN 105714849A CN 201610065612 A CN201610065612 A CN 201610065612A CN 105714849 A CN105714849 A CN 105714849A
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construction
boundary
waterproof
stock mould
layer
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CN201610065612.8A
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CN105714849B (en
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张彬
乌凤文
孙恩建
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China Huaye Group Co Ltd
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China Huaye Group Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/045Underground structures, e.g. tunnels or galleries, built in the open air or by methods involving disturbance of the ground surface all along the location line; Methods of making them
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/16Arrangement or construction of joints in foundation structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D31/00Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution
    • E02D31/02Protective arrangements for foundations or foundation structures; Ground foundation measures for protecting the soil or the subsoil water, e.g. preventing or counteracting oil pollution against ground humidity or ground water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/0007Base structures; Cellars

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • Paleontology (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Underground Structures, Protecting, Testing And Restoring Foundations (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a reverse construction method for adjacent high and low floors (bays) of a basement. The reverse construction method comprises the following steps: S1, performing slope excavation to a high-floor (bay) area along a boundary of the high and low floors (bays); S2, after the excavation is over, moving the outer edge line of a to-be-cast boundary wall through a distance of the sum of the thicknesses of a waterproof layer and a waterproof protection layer to form a brick form edge line, and laying a brick form along the brick form edge line; S3, after laying of the brick form is over, backfilling the high-floor (bay) side of a slope-excavated part of a boundary area with cyclopean concrete; S4, after backfilling of the cyclopean concrete is over, performing waterproof construction on the low-floor (bay) side of the brick form; S5, after the waterproof construction is over, constructing a low-floor (bay) foundation slab; and S6, simultaneously performing casting construction of the boundary wall and a high-floor (bay) foundation slab. According to the reverse construction method, no slope support construction is needed, the work amount and backfilling amount of earth rock excavation are reduced, the cost of waterproof steel plates is lowered, the construction period is shortened, and the construction cost is lowered.

Description

The adjacent high low layer of basement (across) reverse construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the realm of building construction, specifically, relate to a kind of adjacent high low layer of basement (across) reverse construction method.
Background technology
In basement construction, usually forming high low layer or high-low bay at intersection, there is boundary exterior wall basement connection.Conventional sequence of construction is carry out the slope retaining of interface after earth excavation; then carry out low layer (across) sole plate construction; then boundary wall construction is carried out; after wall construction completes; start to be sequentially carried out from inside to outside mortar levelling layer, external wall waterproof layer, fish tail and waterproof layer construction from wall face, finally carry out junctional area cyclopean concrete be backfilled to high level (across) bed course absolute altitude.Then, just can carry out high level (across) construction of sole plate.Conventional construction method complex procedures, cost are high, length consuming time, for accelerating construction progress, save engineering cost, it is desirable to have more efficient construction method.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of adjacent high low layer of basement (across) reverse construction method, comprise the following steps:
S1, along high low layer (across) boundary alignment high-rise (across) district puts slope excavation;
S2, after excavation, by high-rise for the outside alignment of boundary to be built body of wall (across) distance of a mobile waterproof layer and waterproofing protection layer thickness, form stock mould sideline, build stock mould by laying bricks or stones along stock mould sideline;
S3, after stock mould is built by laying bricks or stones, junctional area put slope excavation part high level (across) side, backfill cyclopean concrete;
S4, cyclopean concrete backfill after, stock mould low layer (across) side carry out waterproof construction;
S5, after waterproof construction, carry out low layer (across) sole plate construction;
S6, boundary body of wall and high-rise (across) sole plate pouring construction simultaneously.
Alternatively, in step s 4, waterproof construction includes:
S41, stock mould low layer (across) side carry out water-proof leveling construction;
S42, after completing the construction of water-proof leveling layer, carries out construction of waterproof layer on water-proof leveling layer;
S43, after completing construction of waterproof layer, carries out fish tail and waterproof layer construction.
Alternatively, before the pouring construction of step S6, the opposite side relative with stock mould side at walling body to be poured arranges template, forms the casting space of boundary body of wall between template and stock mould.
Alternatively, described template adopts multiple steel pipes, multiple lumps of wood, multiple split bolt to fasten.
Alternatively, when building stock mould by laying bricks or stones, pre-buried multiple reinforcing bars that will connect with split bolt respectively in stock mould.
Alternatively, the split bolt in the body of wall of boundary to be built is provided with steel plate for sealing water, reaches the purpose of water proof anti-seepage.
Alternatively, described waterproof layer adopts macromolecule intersection film water-proofing material.
Alternatively, described fish tail and waterproof layer adopts extruded polystyrene board.
Alternatively, each reinforcing bar to high-rise (across) direction stretches out on one end of boundary body of wall, is provided with steel plate for sealing water, reaches the purpose of water proof anti-seepage.
Alternatively, low layer (across) sole plate construction after, carry out simultaneously boundary body of wall, high level (across) sole plate, bottom (across) the pouring construction of top board.
The reverse construction method of the present invention, it is not necessary to the reserved work surface setting up the working procedure such as external scaffolding and boundary wall formwork beyond the wall of boundary, thus decreasing the quantities of earthwork evacuation, and then decreases cyclopean concrete backfill amount;Boundary wall and high-rise (across) sole plate builds simultaneously, decrease boundary wall and high level (across) expense of the steel plate for sealing water at construction joint place between sole plate;First carrying out the backfill of cyclopean concrete because of stock mould after building by laying bricks or stones, excavation slope is without long-time exposure, therefore without carrying out side slope supporting construction.Greatly shorten the construction period, reduce construction cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
By embodiment being described in conjunction with accompanying drawings below, the features described above of the present invention and technological merit will become apparent with easy to understand.
Fig. 1 be the adjacent high low layer of basement (across) the schematic diagram of conventional construction method;
Fig. 2 be the adjacent high low layer of basement according to embodiments of the present invention (across) the schematic diagram of reverse construction method.
Detailed description of the invention
Describe below with reference to the accompanying drawings the adjacent high low layer of basement of the present invention (across) the embodiment of reverse construction method.Those of ordinary skill in the art will be consequently realised that, when without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, it is possible to various different modes or its combination, described embodiment is modified.Therefore, accompanying drawing and description are inherently illustrative, rather than are used for limiting scope of the claims.Additionally, in this manual, accompanying drawing draws not in scale, and identical accompanying drawing labelling represents identical part.
In construction, " high low layer " refers to the different floor of building, and " high-low bay " refers to different absolute altitudes on the same layer.Such as, some local is built across floor, such as hall, auditorium.The reverse construction method of the present invention had both been suitable for basement height low layer and also had been adapted for high-low bay construction.
According to an aspect of the present invention, it is provided that a kind of adjacent high low layer of basement (across) reverse construction method, this reverse construction method is compared with conventional method, by building stock mould by laying bricks or stones, changes sequence of construction, it is possible to be efficiently completed construction operation.Its sequence of steps is followed successively by:
S1, along high low layer (across) boundary alignment high-rise (across) district puts slope excavation;
S2, after excavation, by high-rise for the outside alignment of boundary to be built body of wall (across) distance of a mobile waterproof layer and waterproofing protection layer thickness, form stock mould sideline, build stock mould by laying bricks or stones along stock mould sideline;
S3, after stock mould is built by laying bricks or stones, junctional area put slope excavation part high level (across) side, backfill cyclopean concrete;
S4, cyclopean concrete backfill after, stock mould low layer (across) side carry out waterproof construction, when waterproof construction it is noted that waterproofing node is carried out detailed treatment;
S5, after waterproof construction, carry out low layer (across) sole plate construction;
S6, boundary body of wall and high-rise (across) sole plate pouring construction simultaneously.
And the construction procedure order of routine is followed successively by:
S1 ', along high low layer (across) boundary alignment high-rise (across) district puts slope excavation, and carries out slope retaining;
S5 ', carry out low layer (across) sole plate construction;
S6 ', carries out boundary wall construction;
S4 ', handing-over metope high level (across) side carry out waterproof construction;
S3 ', put slope excavation part high level (across) side, backfill cyclopean concrete;
S6, carry out high level (across) the construction of sole plate.
In this reverse construction method build by laying bricks or stones stock mould, backfill cyclopean concrete, waterproof and protective layer low layer (across) earth excavation, clear groove, bed course, anchor pole, waterproof and protective layer construction period can construct simultaneously; and high-rise (across) sole plate and boundary body of wall construct simultaneously; effectively saved boundary wall to have constructed the engineering time of waterproof and protective layer, backfill cyclopean concrete beyond the wall of boundary of constructing again, saved cyclopean concrete backfilled high level of constructing again (across) time of sole plate.
This construction method can greatly shorten the total lever factor of engineering.Decrease boundary wall and high level (across) expense of the steel plate for sealing water at construction joint place between sole plate, reduce construction cost.
In one alternate embodiment, waterproof construction includes:
S41, stock mould low layer (across) side carry out water-proof leveling construction;
S42, after completing the construction of water-proof leveling layer, carries out construction of waterproof layer on water-proof leveling layer, and alternatively, waterproof layer adopts macromolecule intersection film water-proofing material, it would however also be possible to employ other waterproof materials;
S43, after completing construction of waterproof layer, carries out fish tail and waterproof layer construction, and alternatively, fish tail and waterproof layer adopts extruded polystyrene board.
This construction method is described in detail below with Qingdao number matchmaker's center projects, this project overall floorage 360,000, it is divided into 6 construction units.Wherein, 1#-5# building basement is three layers, and basis end absolute altitude is-8.05 meters, 6# building basement is two-layer, and basis end absolute altitude is-4.40 meters, and the basement in 6 buildings is connected, there is high low layer in the basement intersection in Ze 6# building and other each buildings, and there is boundary exterior wall basement connection.
Conventional sequence of construction is carry out the slope retaining of interface after earth excavation, as it is shown in figure 1, adopt anchor pole to carry out slope retaining.Then carry out the construction of negative three layers sole plate 2, then carry out the construction of boundary body of wall 3.In FIG, the right side of body of wall 3 is the indoor of negative three layers, and the left side of body of wall 3 is the wall face of negative three layers.After wall construction completes, start to be sequentially carried out from inside to outside the construction of mortar levelling layer 6, external wall waterproof layer 5, fish tail and waterproof layer 4 from wall face, finally carry out junctional area cyclopean concrete and be backfilled to negative two layers of bed course absolute altitude.Then the construction of the sole plate 7 of negative two layers can just be carried out.
Adopt the reverse construction method of the present invention, after wall place, the boundary earth excavation in 6# Lou Yuge building, first carry out stock mould and build by laying bricks or stones.As in figure 2 it is shown, the indoor that the right side of boundary body of wall 12 is negative three layers, and the left side of the body of wall 12 that has a common boundary is outdoor, on the left of it, sideline is outer edge.The outer edge of boundary to be built body of wall 12 is moved to the left the distance of the thickness of a waterproof layer and fish tail and waterproof layer; form stock mould sideline; stock mould sideline carries out stock mould build by laying bricks or stones, be made directly the backfill of interface cyclopean concrete in the left side of stock mould 8, and be backfilled to negative two layers of bed course absolute altitude.Then stock mould 8 low layer (across) side; namely the right flank of the stock mould 8 in Fig. 2 starts to be sequentially carried out the construction of mortar water-proof leveling layer 9, external wall waterproof layer 10, fish tail and waterproof layer 11; then carrying out the construction of negative three layers sole plate 13, finally boundary body of wall 12 and negative two layers of sole plate 14 are constructed simultaneously.Alternatively, according to construction demand, it is also possible to build sole plate 14, the boundary body of wall 12 of negative two layers, bear three layers top board 15 simultaneously.
In one alternate embodiment, when building wall construction, the opposite side relative with stock mould side of walling body to be poured is provided with template 16.Template 16 in the present embodiment adopts clad can wood plywood, when building wall construction, forms the casting space of boundary body of wall, specifically, form the casting space of body of wall between template 16 and the fish tail and waterproof layer on the right side of stock mould 8 11 between stock mould and template.
In one alternate embodiment, as in figure 2 it is shown, template adopts steel pipe 17, the lumps of wood 18, split bolt 19 to fasten.Multiple split bolts 19 are for tension and compression template, it is ensured that template is indeformable in the process built, thus it is not overproof to control wall size.The lumps of wood 18, steel pipe 17 play the effect of restriction template 16 deformation equally.The lumps of wood 18, steel pipe 17 arrangement form adopt construction common method, be not detailed at this.When building stock mould by laying bricks or stones, pre-buried multiple reinforcing bars 22 in stock mould 8, when arranging template 16, the right-hand member of the left end of each split bolt 19 and the pre-buried reinforcing bar 22 of stock mould connects, it is possible to adopt the mode of welding to realize connecting.And the right-hand member of split bolt is through template 16, it is possible to prevent template to deform in casting process by adjusting split bolt, and then ensures wall construction quality.
In one alternate embodiment, split bolt in body of wall 12 is provided with steel plate for sealing water 20, penetrates body of wall and stock mould due to split bolt, for reaching the purpose of body of wall waterproof, being provided with steel plate for sealing water 20 on split bolt, steel plate for sealing water 20 prevents from seeping water from split bolt.
In one alternate embodiment, each reinforcing bar 22 to high-rise (across) direction stretches out on one end of boundary body of wall, is provided with steel plate for sealing water 21.Prevent the water in the cyclopean concrete of backfill from penetrating into boundary body of wall.
In sum, by the adjacent high low layer of the basement of the present invention (across) reverse construction method, it is achieved that techniques below effect:
1. adopting the reverse construction method of the present invention, it is not necessary to the reserved work surface setting up the working procedure such as external scaffolding and boundary wall formwork beyond the wall of boundary, thus decreasing the quantities of earthwork evacuation, and then decreasing cyclopean concrete backfill amount;
2. boundary wall and high-rise (across) sole plate builds simultaneously, decrease boundary wall and high level (across) expense of the steel plate for sealing water at construction joint place between sole plate;
3. first carrying out the backfill of cyclopean concrete because of stock mould after building by laying bricks or stones, excavation slope is without long-time exposure, therefore without carrying out side slope supporting construction.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.All within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any amendment of making, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the adjacent high low layer of basement (across) reverse construction method, comprise the following steps:
S1, along high low layer (across) boundary alignment high-rise (across) district puts slope excavation;
S2, after excavation, by high-rise for the outside alignment of boundary to be built body of wall (across) distance of a mobile waterproof layer and waterproofing protection layer thickness, form stock mould sideline, build stock mould by laying bricks or stones along stock mould sideline;
S3, after stock mould is built by laying bricks or stones, junctional area put slope excavation part high level (across) side, backfill cyclopean concrete;
S4, cyclopean concrete backfill after, stock mould low layer (across) side carry out waterproof construction;
S5, after waterproof construction, carry out low layer (across) sole plate construction;
S6, boundary body of wall and high-rise (across) sole plate pouring construction simultaneously.
2. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step s 4, waterproof construction includes:
S41, stock mould low layer (across) side carry out water-proof leveling construction;
S42, after completing the construction of water-proof leveling layer, carries out construction of waterproof layer on water-proof leveling layer;
S43, after completing construction of waterproof layer, carries out fish tail and waterproof layer construction.
3. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that before the pouring construction of step S6, the opposite side relative with stock mould side at walling body to be poured arranges template, forms the casting space of boundary body of wall between template and stock mould.
4. method according to claim 3, it is characterised in that described template adopts multiple steel pipes, multiple lumps of wood, multiple split bolt to fasten.
5. method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that when building stock mould by laying bricks or stones, pre-buried multiple reinforcing bars that will connect with split bolt respectively in stock mould.
6. method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that be provided with steel plate for sealing water on the split bolt in the body of wall of boundary to be built, reach the purpose of water proof anti-seepage.
7. method according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described waterproof layer adopts macromolecule intersection film water-proofing material.
8. method according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described fish tail and waterproof layer adopts extruded polystyrene board.
9. method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that each reinforcing bar to high-rise (across) direction stretches out on one end of boundary body of wall, is provided with steel plate for sealing water, reaches the purpose of water proof anti-seepage.
10. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that low layer (across) sole plate construction after, carry out simultaneously boundary body of wall, high level (across) sole plate, bottom (across) the pouring construction of top board.
CN201610065612.8A 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 The reverse construction method of the adjacent high low layer (across) of basement Active CN105714849B (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106522385A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-03-22 北京崇建工程有限公司 Basement waterproof structure construction method and basement waterproof structure
CN110747898A (en) * 2019-10-23 2020-02-04 上海东方雨虹防水技术有限责任公司 Basement waterproof construction method
CN110761287A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-07 北京城建集团有限责任公司 High-low span structure and construction method thereof
CN112663637A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-16 中建四局贵州投资建设有限公司 Construction method applied to high-low span pile foundation of side slope
CN113653104A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-11-16 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Waterproof structure at underground wall and construction method thereof
CN114575370A (en) * 2022-04-01 2022-06-03 北京市第五建筑工程集团有限公司 High-low span foundation structure and construction method

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CN203383508U (en) * 2013-08-13 2014-01-08 宁波建工股份有限公司 One-sided formwork body structure backing onto brick concrete retaining wall
CN204282397U (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-22 江苏筑森建筑设计有限公司 Three soil-baffling structures of villa basement
CN104975606A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-10-14 上海市基础工程集团有限公司 Method for handling high-low strides at adjacent parts of reverse building foundation pit and adjacent foundation pit

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CN102587416A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-07-18 广东中城建设集团有限公司 Basement attached lane structure and construction method thereof
CN203383508U (en) * 2013-08-13 2014-01-08 宁波建工股份有限公司 One-sided formwork body structure backing onto brick concrete retaining wall
CN204282397U (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-22 江苏筑森建筑设计有限公司 Three soil-baffling structures of villa basement
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106522385A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-03-22 北京崇建工程有限公司 Basement waterproof structure construction method and basement waterproof structure
CN110747898A (en) * 2019-10-23 2020-02-04 上海东方雨虹防水技术有限责任公司 Basement waterproof construction method
CN110761287A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-07 北京城建集团有限责任公司 High-low span structure and construction method thereof
CN112663637A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-16 中建四局贵州投资建设有限公司 Construction method applied to high-low span pile foundation of side slope
CN113653104A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-11-16 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Waterproof structure at underground wall and construction method thereof
CN114575370A (en) * 2022-04-01 2022-06-03 北京市第五建筑工程集团有限公司 High-low span foundation structure and construction method
CN114575370B (en) * 2022-04-01 2024-04-02 北京市第五建筑工程集团有限公司 High-low span foundation structure and construction method

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