CN106121039A - Villages and small towns masonry structure assembled integral ring beam and construction column combination technique - Google Patents

Villages and small towns masonry structure assembled integral ring beam and construction column combination technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106121039A
CN106121039A CN201610571599.3A CN201610571599A CN106121039A CN 106121039 A CN106121039 A CN 106121039A CN 201610571599 A CN201610571599 A CN 201610571599A CN 106121039 A CN106121039 A CN 106121039A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
constructional column
prefabricated
collar tie
masonry
block
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CN201610571599.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106121039B (en
Inventor
张春涛
王汝恒
钟柏春
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西南科技大学
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Priority to CN201610571599.3A priority Critical patent/CN106121039B/en
Publication of CN106121039A publication Critical patent/CN106121039A/en
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Publication of CN106121039B publication Critical patent/CN106121039B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/20Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stonelike material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/20Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stonelike material
    • E04B1/21Connections specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/64Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of concrete
    • E04B2/68Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of concrete made by filling-up wall cavities
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2002/567Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with posts or pillars made from a plurality of smaller prefabricated elements

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of villages and small towns masonry structure assembled integral ring beam and construction column combination technique, including: (1) prefabricated collar tie beam block, tenon block, without horse tooth trough, containing horse tooth trough and the constructional column block that contains tenon mouth;(2), during masonry panel, interlock and will contain horse tooth trough and build by laying bricks or stones with body of wall assembling without horse tooth trough constructional column block, form assembled hollowcore precast constructional column;(3) after having built by laying bricks or stones, steel reinforcement cage being put into centre bore, casting concrete forms assembled integral constructional column;(4) by prefabricated tenon block, tenon outlet structure post is connected with collar tie beam prefabricated section, collar tie beam prefabricated section top is the elongated muscle of each placement diameter >=10mm in reserving stirrup, it is connected with constructional column steel reinforcement cage, clay brick is built on both sides, prefabricated section top by laying bricks or stones and casting concrete forms assembled integral collar tie beam, builds formation assembled integral ring beam and construction column house successively by laying bricks or stones.The present invention is advantageously implemented masonry structure industrialized production, construction standardization and environmental protection, improves the anti-seismic performance of villages and small towns masonry structure building, it is ensured that masses' security of the lives and property.

Description

Villages and small towns masonry structure assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique

Technical field

The invention belongs to building structure technology field, be specifically related to a kind of assembling and combine with cast-in-place, it is adaptable to villages and small towns Assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column the combination technique of masonry structure building, " the green agriculture in beautiful rural area that satisfied country advocates energetically Room " construction basic demand.

Background technology

Masonry structure is that China uses one of the longest house structural system of history, because of its draw materials easily, letter of constructing Just, the feature such as economy and beautiful appearance, used in a large number in each department for a long time.At the initial stage end of the seventies in last century to the nineties, build Body structure residential construction was once accounting for more than the 90% of residential housing sum, and masonry structure building remains even to this day The architectural structure system that vast rural area mainly uses.But, but China is the most serious country that suffers disaster from an earthquake in the world One of, the district that provides fortification against earthquakes (6-9 degree) accounts for about the 80% of area, so that China's major part rural area is all by earthquake disaster The threat of evil;Further, Wenchuan earthquake and Lushan earthquake all have shown that when suffering equal earthquake, and rural population injures and deaths number, masonry are tied Structure builds destruction and degree of caving in all far above city.Obviously, research and earthquake all reflect: although masonry knot in all previous earthquake Structure earthquake is the most serious, but the masonry structure according to fortifications against earthquakes such as collar tie beam-constructional columns still has the most anti- Shock stability, also can meet current specifications well and set up defences building structure aseismatic requirement.Due to historical reasons and economic level Restriction, during the post-disaster reconstruction such as Wenchuan earthquake, Yushu earthquake, Lushan earthquake, villages and small towns resident still selects to have built masonry knot Structure house, and this structural system will use at country building for a long time in the regular period from now on.Therefore, villages and small towns masonry is improved Structural building anti-seismic performance is subject matter urgently to be resolved hurrily.

At present, cast-in-place ring beam and construction column is the main fortification against earthquakes that masonry structure is built, and correlational study achievement And masonry structure building earthquake damage characteristics all has shown that the importance arranging collar tie beam and constructional column in Wenchuan, Lushan earthquake, But all occur in that during post-disaster reconstruction and villager's newly constructed house that Some Villagers is unwilling to use or only locally use collar tie beam Constructional column or ring beam and construction column is set on a small quantity, also occurring that the construction quality of constructional column and collar tie beam is very poor can not operative constraint wall Body, thus improve the anti-seismic performance of masonry structure building.Tracing it to its cause: first, Financial cost puts into be increased, according to code requirement Arranging ring beam and construction column in masonry structure building, cost can be made to increase about 25%, therefore part family economical condition is poor Villager abandon using constructional column or only pouring ground collar tie beam or only arrange constructional column at bottom or thicken body of wall inner panel Thickness replace collar tie beam etc.;Secondly, ring beam and construction column design pours lack of standardization, does not reaches requirements for fortification against earthquake, due to rural area Economic and technical condition limits, and workmen's majority is local craftsman and neighbourhood relative, lacks specialized technical knowledge, it is impossible to protect Card quality, thus is unfavorable for the safety of structure, does not configure connecting lacing wire such as constructional column, first waters constructional column and build fragment of brick, structure again by laying bricks or stones Post is not provided with horse tooth trough etc.;Furthermore, in order to save duration accelerating construction progress, thus reduce the input of energy and financial resources, part Villager also actively abandons using ring beam and construction column.

It is noted that compared with the level of other work post construction technologies, villages and small towns bricklayer among the people to build level of relative by laying bricks or stones higher, Simple and easy to do building construction mode is also one of basic reason of receiving an acclaim in rural area of masonry structure.If to this end, can be by structure Make the construction technology that in post work progress, operation is more difficult and the most more and be changed into brick-building art, realize structure by building assembling by laying bricks or stones Post and the construction of collar tie beam, thus form the prefabricated construction of constructional column and collar tie beam, it is possible not only to effectively reduce difficulty of construction and make Valency, also can facilitate the specification application in the masonry structure of villages and small towns of constructional column and collar tie beam and large-scale popularization.At present, exploitation is applicable to village The articulated constuction post of town masonry structure building and collar tie beam combination technique, be to improve villages and small towns masonry structure building anti-seismic performance, real One effective way of existing villages and small towns Traditional Agricultural room building industrialization.Based on this, the present invention uses the mortise-tenon joint of Traditional Wood structure Technology, in conjunction with prefabricated assembled and cast-in-place connection construction technique, it is proposed that the assembling being applicable to villages and small towns masonry structure building is overall Formula collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to solve at least the above and/or defect, and at least will be described later excellent is provided Point.

The present invention, primarily to improve the anti-seismic performance of villages and small towns civil buildings, develops one and is applicable to rural area craftsman and makes Ring beam and construction column building technology, thus realize villages and small towns civil buildings industrialization, " the beautiful rural area that satisfied country advocates energetically Green agriculture room " construction requirement.

In order to realize according to object of the present invention and further advantage, it is provided that a kind of villages and small towns masonry structure assembling entirety Formula collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique, comprises the following steps:

Step one, produce collar tie beam prefabricated section, tenon block, without horse tooth trough, containing horse tooth trough and contain tenon mouth hollow constructional column prefabricated Block;

Step 2, in bar stone foundation or cast-in-place grade beam, build ground floor building block or clay tile wall by laying bricks or stones, also interlock simultaneously Assembling without horse tooth trough, hollow constructional column prefabricated section containing horse tooth trough, formation hollowcore precast constructional column, and at collar tie beam connecting portion cloth Put the constructional column prefabricated section of band tenon mouth to be connected with collar tie beam prefabricated section, but hollowcore precast constructional column is connected with basis or grade beam Place should reserve and arrange the anchoring joint bar being connected with hollowcore precast constructional column, and should arrange hollowcore precast structure along body of wall height Level between post and body of wall sockets reinforcing bar, level socket reinforcing bar by the assembling between constructional column prefabricated section build by laying bricks or stones seam pre-with hollow Constructional column processed is connected, and also gradually forms, in hollowcore precast constructional column along with building wall raises assembled hollowcore precast constructional column Between the sectional dimension of hollow hole be 140mm × 140mm;

After step 3, ground floor house wall have been built by laying bricks or stones, by the colligation constructional column that sectional dimension is 120mm × 120mm Steel reinforcement cage puts into prefabricated structure post hollow hole, utilizes the preset hole of hypodermis constructional column prefabricated section side to clear up simultaneously The mortar dropped in prefabricated structure post hollow hole and foreign material, then closure side perforate, to hollow hole concreting, Form assembled integral constructional column;

Step 4, by tenon block by tenon outlet structure post block and collar tie beam prefabricated section joggle, collar tie beam prefabricated section passes through each other Tenon block connects to form collar tie beam;Collar tie beam prefabricated section top arranges in reserving stirrup that the elongated reinforcing bar of colligation diameter >=10mm forms steel Muscle cage, is connected with constructional column steel reinforcement cage, finally builds clay brick formation hollow by laying bricks or stones in collar tie beam prefabricated section upper reinforcement cage both sides recessed Groove, last casting concrete forms inverted T shape assembled integral collar tie beam with collar tie beam prefabricated section;By masonry structure build by laying bricks or stones order, by under The most successively build formation assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column masonry structure building by laying bricks or stones.

Preferably, build masonry mortar used by building block or clay tile wall described in by laying bricks or stones and build sand by laying bricks or stones with hollow constructional column prefabricated section Slurry intensity is the most identical, and described mortar strength is not less than M2.5.

Preferably, the described vertical muscle arrangement of reinforcement containing tenon outlet structure post prefabricated section, collar tie beam prefabricated section is 4 φ 10mm, stirrup For φ 6@200.

Preferably, in described step 2, arrange the water of 2 φ 6mm between hollowcore precast constructional column and body of wall every 500mm Horizontal drawing connects reinforcing bar.

Preferably, in described step 3, in constructional column centre bore, constructional column steel reinforcement cage indulges muscle not less than 4 φ 12mm, hoop Muscle is φ 6@200;And under collar tie beam prefabricated section each elongated reinforcing bar arranging 2 diameter >=10mm between two-layer body of wall mortar joint, remaining Layer every limit built-in length is not less than 1m.

Preferably, described hollowcore precast constructional column and basis or grade beam connecting portion, all should arrange not less than 4 φ The anchoring joint bar of 12mm, in joint bar stretches into hollowcore precast constructional column, length is not less than 1m.

Preferably, described collar tie beam prefabricated section and containing the tenon mouth cross sectional shape on tenon outlet structure post prefabricated section be all interior big outside Little inverted cone groove, and collar tie beam prefabricated section connected by tenon block each other, under collar tie beam, respectively to arrange 2 φ 10mm elongated for two-layer mortar joint Muscle is connected with hollowcore precast constructional column.

Preferably, in described step 4, the interior layout of stirrup that collar tie beam prefabricated section top arranges reserved 120mm × 60mm is straight The longitudinal reinforcement of footpath >=10mm forms steel reinforcement cage, and steel reinforcement cage both sides are built clay brick by laying bricks or stones and formed medium altitude groove, casting concrete and circle Beam prefabricated piece forms inverted T shape assembled entirety collar tie beam.

Preferably, the hollow constructional column prefabricated section of the described mouth containing tenon includes connecting with collar tie beam for the constructional column of masonry L corner Connect the L tenon outlet structure post block at place, the constructional column for masonry T-shaped corner and the T-shaped tenon outlet structure post block of collar tie beam junction, use In the constructional column of masonry decussation and the tenon outlet structure post block of collar tie beam junction with for the mesomelic constructional column of masonry wall With tenon outlet structure post block in the middle part of the wall limb of collar tie beam junction;The described hollow constructional column prefabricated section containing horse tooth trough includes for masonry L Corner containing horse raft constructional column block, at masonry T-shaped corner containing horse tooth trough constructional column block, contain at masonry decussation Horse tooth trough constructional column block and in the middle part of the masonry wall limb constructional column block Han horse tooth trough.

In the present invention, prefabricated constructional column block and blockwork form template, eliminate template support operation, and constructional column is cast-in-place All there is part cast-in-place with collar tie beam, good integrity;Mortise-tenon joint, the connection of ring beam and construction column cast-in-place part steel reinforcement cage simultaneously all strengthens structure Make the collaborative work ability of post and collar tie beam prefabricated section, form the framework of constraint deformation of wall.The present invention at least includes following useful Effect:

(1) present invention eliminates integral cast-in-situ collar tie beam and the construction technology of constructional column concrete, saves concrete curing Time, also eliminate the working procedures such as collar tie beam, constructional column template support, dismounting simultaneously, be greatly accelerated construction speed, shorten work Phase, ensure construction quality, cost-effective;(2) building block of building structure post and body of wall form template, and assemble construction technology and masonry Construction technology is identical, easy and simple to handle;(3) constructional column building block and collar tie beam joggle and cast-in-place circle segment beam constructional column steel reinforcement cage phase Connecting and can strengthen the ability of collaborative work between constructional column and collar tie beam, construction is simple;(4) collar tie beam building block tenon mouth groove uses dovetail Form, can strengthen the ability of collaborative work between collar tie beam prefabricated section, and top is reserved stirrup and indulged muscle composition steel reinforcement cage with colligation, cast-in-place After can effectively strengthen carrying and the deformability of prefabricated collar tie beam part;(5) prefabricated components batch production processing, quick construction, reliable Performance is good, low cost, superior performance, and constructional column can be built by laying bricks or stones with building wall with collar tie beam simultaneously, decrease working procedure, be improve Speed of application.(6) present invention is advantageously implemented Design of Masonry Structures modularization, industrialized production, construction standardization, improves villages and small towns Masonry structure building anti-seismic performance, it is ensured that masses' security of the lives and property.

Part is embodied by the further advantage of the present invention, target and feature by description below, and part also will be by this Invention research and practice and be understood by the person skilled in the art.

Accompanying drawing illustrates:

Fig. 1 is schematic three dimensional views and the size of the prefabricated block of constructional column without horse tooth trough in the present invention;

Fig. 2 is schematic three dimensional views and the size containing horse raft constructional column block in the present invention for masonry L corner;

Fig. 3 is schematic three dimensional views and the size in the present invention for masonry L corner tenon outlet structure post block;

Fig. 4 is schematic three dimensional views and the size containing horse tooth trough constructional column block in the present invention at masonry T-shaped corner;

Fig. 5 is schematic three dimensional views and the size of tenon outlet structure post block at masonry T-shaped corner in the present invention;

Fig. 6 is schematic three dimensional views and the size containing horse tooth trough constructional column block in the present invention at masonry decussation;

Fig. 7 is schematic three dimensional views and the size of tenon outlet structure post block at masonry decussation in the present invention;

Fig. 8 is schematic three dimensional views and the size containing horse tooth trough constructional column block in the present invention in the middle part of masonry wall limb;

Fig. 9 is schematic three dimensional views and the size in the present invention for masonry wall limb center tenon outlet structure post block;

Figure 10 is schematic three dimensional views and the size of prefabricated collar tie beam block in the present invention;

Figure 11 is schematic three dimensional views and the size of prefabricated tenon block in the present invention;

Figure 12 is the tenon outlet structure post block arrangement of reinforcement schematic diagram in the present invention for masonry L corner;

Figure 13 is the tenon outlet structure post block arrangement of reinforcement schematic diagram in the present invention for masonry T-shaped corner;

Figure 14 is the tenon outlet structure post block arrangement of reinforcement schematic diagram in the present invention at masonry decussation;

Figure 15 is for masonry wall mesomelic tenon outlet structure post block arrangement of reinforcement schematic diagram in the present invention;

Figure 16 is the reinforcement structure schematic diagram of prefabricated collar tie beam block in the present invention;

Figure 17 is the suggestion arrangement of reinforcement of prefabricated tenon block 7 in the present invention;

Figure 18 is form of building by laying bricks or stones the schematic diagram containing horse tooth trough constructional column block in the present invention for masonry L corner;

Figure 19 is form of building by laying bricks or stones the schematic diagram containing horse tooth trough constructional column block in the present invention at masonry T-shaped corner;

Figure 20 is that in the present invention, at masonry decussation, the constructional column block Han horse tooth trough builds form schematic diagram by laying bricks or stones;

Figure 21 is form of building by laying bricks or stones the schematic diagram containing horse tooth trough constructional column block in the present invention in the middle part of masonry wall limb;

Figure 22 be in the present invention at masonry decussation tenon outlet structure post block and prefabricated collar tie beam block connection diagram;

Figure 23 is the connection diagram that in the present invention, prefabricated collar tie beam block is mutual;

Figure 24 is that in the present invention, assembled integral constructional column collar tie beam has combined schematic diagram;

Detailed description of the invention:

Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, to make those skilled in the art with reference to description Word can be implemented according to this.

Should be appreciated that used herein such as " have ", " comprising " and " including " term do not allot one or many Other element individual or the existence of a combination thereof or interpolation.

Embodiment 1:

As shown in Fig. 1~24, a kind of villages and small towns masonry structure assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique, including following Step:

Step one, produce collar tie beam prefabricated section 1, tenon block 2, without horse tooth trough hollow constructional column prefabricated section 3, for masonry L corner The L tenon outlet structure post block 11 of constructional column and collar tie beam junction, the constructional column for masonry T-shaped corner and collar tie beam junction T-shaped tenon outlet structure post block 12, tenon outlet structure post block 13 for constructional column and the collar tie beam junction of masonry decussation, it is used for Tenon outlet structure post block 14 in the middle part of the mesomelic constructional column of masonry wall and the wall limb of collar tie beam junction, contain for masonry L corner Horse raft constructional column block 4, at masonry T-shaped corner containing horse tooth trough constructional column block 5, at masonry decussation containing horse tooth trough Constructional column block 6 and in the middle part of the masonry wall limb containing horse tooth trough constructional column block 7;

Step 2, in bar stone foundation or cast-in-place grade beam, build ground floor building block or clay tile wall by laying bricks or stones, also interlock simultaneously Assembling without horse tooth trough 3, hollow constructional column prefabricated section containing horse tooth trough (4,5,6,7), formation hollowcore precast constructional column, and at collar tie beam Connecting portion arrange band tenon mouth constructional column prefabricated section (11,12,13,14) to be connected with collar tie beam prefabricated section, but hollow pre- Constructional column processed should be reserved with basis or grade beam junction and arrange the anchoring joint bar being connected with hollowcore precast constructional column, and along wall Height should be arranged between hollowcore precast constructional column and body of wall every 500mm6mm level sockets reinforcing bar, and level sockets steel Muscle is built by laying bricks or stones seam by the assembling between constructional column prefabricated section and is connected with hollowcore precast constructional column, along with building wall raises assembled sky Heart prefabricated constructional column also gradually forms, and the sectional dimension in hollowcore precast constructional column central hollow hole is 140mm × 140mm;Described The nethermost hollow constructional column prefabricated section side of articulated constuction post has hole, in order in centre bore, foreign material understand;

After step 3, ground floor house wall have been built by laying bricks or stones, by the colligation constructional column that sectional dimension is 120mm × 120mm Steel reinforcement cage 8 puts into prefabricated structure post hollow hole, and the preset hole simultaneously utilizing hypodermis constructional column prefabricated section side is clear The mortar dropped in reason prefabricated structure post hollow hole and foreign material, then closure side perforate, to hollow hole placing coagulation Soil, forms assembled integral constructional column;

Step 4, by tenon block 2 by tenon outlet structure post block (11,12,13,14) of different structure and collar tie beam prefabricated section 1 tenon Connecing, collar tie beam prefabricated section 1 connects to form collar tie beam by tenon block 2 each other;Collar tie beam prefabricated section top is arranged in reserving stirrup 10 The elongated reinforcing bar 9 of colligation diameter >=10mm forms steel reinforcement cage, is connected with constructional column steel reinforcement cage 8, finally on collar tie beam prefabricated section Portion builds steel reinforcement cage both sides clay brick by laying bricks or stones and forms medium altitude groove, and it is whole that last casting concrete and collar tie beam prefabricated section form inverted T shape assembling Body formula collar tie beam;Build order by laying bricks or stones by masonry structure, the most successively build formation assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column masonry structure by laying bricks or stones House.

In technique scheme, described in build masonry mortar used by building block or clay tile wall by laying bricks or stones prefabricated with hollow constructional column Block masonry mortar intensity is the most identical, and described mortar strength is not less than M2.5.

In technique scheme, such as Figure 12~16, described join containing tenon outlet structure post prefabricated section, the vertical muscle of collar tie beam prefabricated section Muscle is 4 φ 10mm, stirrup is φ 6@200.

In technique scheme, in described step 3, in constructional column centre bore, constructional column steel reinforcement cage 8 indulges muscle not less than 4 φ 12mm, stirrup is φ 6@200;And respectively arrange between two-layer body of wall mortar joint that 2 diameter >=10mm's is elongated under collar tie beam prefabricated section Reinforcing bar, remainder layer every limit built-in length is not less than 1m.

In technique scheme, described hollowcore precast constructional column and basis or grade beam connecting portion, all should arrange not Less than the anchoring joint bar of 4 φ 12mm, in joint bar stretches into hollowcore precast constructional column, length is not less than 1m.

In technique scheme, described collar tie beam prefabricated section and the tenon mouth cross sectional shape contained on tenon outlet structure post prefabricated section are equal Being interior big outer little inverted cone groove, and collar tie beam prefabricated section is connected by tenon block each other, under collar tie beam, two-layer mortar joint respectively arranges 2 φ The elongated muscle of 10mm is connected with hollowcore precast constructional column.

In technique scheme, in described step 4, collar tie beam prefabricated section top arranges the stirrup of reserved 120mm × 60mm In 10, the longitudinal reinforcement of placement diameter >=10mm forms steel reinforcement cage, and steel reinforcement cage both sides are built clay brick by laying bricks or stones and formed medium altitude groove, pour Concrete forms inverted T shape assembled entirety collar tie beam with collar tie beam prefabricated section.

Although embodiment of the present invention are disclosed as above, but it is not restricted in description and embodiment listed Using, it can be applied to various applicable the field of the invention completely, for those skilled in the art, and can be easily Realizing other amendment, therefore under the general concept limited without departing substantially from claim and equivalency range, the present invention does not limit In specific details with shown here as the legend with description.

Claims (9)

1. villages and small towns masonry structure assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step one, produce collar tie beam prefabricated section, tenon block, without horse tooth trough, containing horse tooth trough and contain tenon mouth hollow constructional column prefabricated section;
Step 2, in bar stone foundation or cast-in-place grade beam, build ground floor building block or clay tile wall by laying bricks or stones, the most staggered assembling Without horse tooth trough, hollow constructional column prefabricated section containing horse tooth trough, form hollowcore precast constructional column, and arrange band at collar tie beam connecting portion The constructional column prefabricated section of tenon mouth is to be connected with collar tie beam prefabricated section, but hollowcore precast constructional column should with basis or grade beam junction The reserved anchoring joint bar being connected with hollowcore precast constructional column that arranges, and along body of wall height should arrange hollowcore precast constructional column and Level between body of wall sockets reinforcing bar, and level sockets reinforcing bar and built by laying bricks or stones seam and hollowcore precast structure by the assembling between constructional column prefabricated section Make post to be connected, also gradually form along with building wall raises assembled hollowcore precast constructional column, empty in the middle of hollowcore precast constructional column The sectional dimension of central hole is 140mm × 140mm;
After step 3, ground floor house wall have been built by laying bricks or stones, by the colligation constructional column reinforcing bar that sectional dimension is 120mm × 120mm Prefabricated structure post hollow hole put into by cage, utilizes the preset hole cleaning assembling of hypodermis constructional column prefabricated section side simultaneously The mortar dropped in formula prefabricated constructional column hollow hole and foreign material, then closure side perforate, to hollow hole concreting, formed Assembled integral constructional column;
Step 4, by tenon block by tenon outlet structure post block and collar tie beam prefabricated section joggle, collar tie beam prefabricated section is each other by tenon block Connect to form collar tie beam;Collar tie beam prefabricated section top arranges in reserving stirrup that the elongated reinforcing bar of colligation diameter >=10mm forms reinforcing bar Cage, is connected with constructional column steel reinforcement cage, finally builds clay brick in collar tie beam prefabricated section upper reinforcement cage both sides by laying bricks or stones and forms medium altitude groove, Last casting concrete forms inverted T shape assembled integral collar tie beam with collar tie beam prefabricated section;Order is built by laying bricks or stones, from lower to upper by masonry structure Successively build formation assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column masonry structure building by laying bricks or stones.
2. villages and small towns as claimed in claim 1 masonry structure assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique, it is characterised in that Described to build masonry mortar used by building block or clay tile wall by laying bricks or stones the most identical with hollow constructional column prefabricated section masonry mortar intensity, described Mortar strength is not less than M2.5.
3. villages and small towns as claimed in claim 1 masonry structure assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique, it is characterised in that The described vertical muscle arrangement of reinforcement containing tenon outlet structure post prefabricated section, collar tie beam prefabricated section is 4 φ 10mm, stirrup is φ 6@200.
4. villages and small towns as claimed in claim 1 masonry structure assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique, it is characterised in that In described step 2, arrange that between hollowcore precast constructional column and body of wall, the level of 2 φ 6mm sockets reinforcing bar every 500mm.
5. villages and small towns as claimed in claim 1 masonry structure assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique, it is characterised in that In described step 3, in constructional column centre bore, constructional column steel reinforcement cage indulges muscle not less than 4 φ 12mm, and stirrup is φ 6@200;And at circle Each elongated reinforcing bar arranging 2 diameter >=10mm between beam prefabricated piece of lower two-layer body of wall mortar joint, remainder layer every limit built-in length is the least In 1m.
6. villages and small towns as claimed in claim 1 masonry structure assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique, it is characterised in that Described hollowcore precast constructional column and basis or grade beam connecting portion, all should arrange the anchoring joint bar not less than 4 φ 12mm, joint bar In stretching into hollowcore precast constructional column, length is not less than 1m.
7. villages and small towns as claimed in claim 1 masonry structure assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique, it is characterised in that Described collar tie beam prefabricated section and the tenon mouth cross sectional shape contained on tenon outlet structure post prefabricated section are all interior big outer little inverted cone grooves, and circle Beam prefabricated piece is connected by tenon block each other, and under collar tie beam, two-layer mortar joint respectively arranges the 2 elongated muscle of φ 10mm and hollowcore precast structure Post is connected.
8. villages and small towns as claimed in claim 1 masonry structure assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique, it is characterised in that In described step 4, collar tie beam prefabricated section top arranges longitudinal steel of placement diameter >=10mm in the stirrup of reserved 120mm × 60mm Muscle forms steel reinforcement cage, and steel reinforcement cage both sides are built clay brick by laying bricks or stones and formed medium altitude groove, and casting concrete forms inverted T shape with collar tie beam prefabricated section Assembled entirety collar tie beam.
9. villages and small towns as claimed in claim 1 masonry structure assembled integral collar tie beam-constructional column combination technique, it is characterised in that The hollow constructional column prefabricated section of the described mouth containing tenon includes the L tenon outlet structure post of the constructional column for masonry L corner and collar tie beam junction Block, constructional column for masonry T-shaped corner and the T-shaped tenon outlet structure post block of collar tie beam junction, for masonry decussation The tenon outlet structure post block of constructional column and collar tie beam junction and the wall for the mesomelic constructional column of masonry wall with collar tie beam junction Tenon outlet structure post block in the middle part of limb;The described hollow constructional column prefabricated section containing horse tooth trough includes constructing containing Ma Cha for masonry L corner Post block, at masonry T-shaped corner containing horse tooth trough constructional column block, at masonry decussation containing horse tooth trough constructional column block and The constructional column block Han horse tooth trough in the middle part of masonry wall limb.
CN201610571599.3A 2016-07-19 2016-07-19 Villages and small towns masonry structure assembled integral ring beam and construction column combined method CN106121039B (en)

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CN108086693A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-05-29 西南科技大学 A kind of assembled steel reinforced concrete frame structure system method of construction of low multilayer
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CN110273505A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-09-24 金点石(北京)建筑设计咨询服务有限责任公司 Collar tie beam module, collar tie beam, building body and construction method

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