CN203129572U - Prefabricated concrete formwork and prefabricated building formed by same - Google Patents

Prefabricated concrete formwork and prefabricated building formed by same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203129572U
CN203129572U CN 201320020822 CN201320020822U CN203129572U CN 203129572 U CN203129572 U CN 203129572U CN 201320020822 CN201320020822 CN 201320020822 CN 201320020822 U CN201320020822 U CN 201320020822U CN 203129572 U CN203129572 U CN 203129572U
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China
Prior art keywords
template
precast concrete
length
shape
concrete
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CN 201320020822
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张英保
廖丽英
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BEIJING EVEREST GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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BEIJING EVEREST NEW BUILDING MATERIAL Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a prefabricated concrete formwork used for low-rise buildings and a prefabricated building formed by the prefabricated concrete formwork. The prefabricated concrete formwork aims to enable the low-rise buildings formed by the prefabricated concrete formwork to be capable of achieving prefabricated construction, additional formworks do not need to be built or dismounted, construction speed is improved, building cost is lowered, the on-site pollution problem is improved, and compared with a frame shear structure, the prefabricated concrete formwork saves the usage amount of steel bars and concrete. The prefabricated concrete formwork is prefabricated by adoption of concrete, through holes are formed inside a formwork body of the formwork in the length direction, and a groove penetrating through in the length direction of the formwork is formed in at least one side edge of the formwork. When two side edges, with the grooves, of two formworks are connected in a butt joint mode, the two grooves are connected in a butt joint mode to form a closed hole.

Description

The assembling building of precast concrete form and formation thereof
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the building form technical field, is specifically related to a kind of precast concrete form of constructing the assemblingization low-rise building.
Background technology
At present, no matter be the frame shear wall structure that cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete is adopted in high level or low-rise building more, on-the-spot artificial assembling reinforcement, install template with steel plate or plank, bamboo offset plate, plastic plate etc. again, be combined to form template system with the reinforcing bar that ties up, fluid concrete then, concrete strength reaches after the requirement again with form removable by the time.This job practices operation is more, and building speed is slow, and required manpower is more, the building costs height, and the job site is dirty and messy, pollutes.
The utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model provides a kind of precast concrete form, use the low-rise building of its structure can realize prefabricated construction, need not additionally to install, stripping, speed is fast, cost is low, on-the-spot pollution-free, saves reinforcing bar, concrete consumption than frame structure.
The utility model precast concrete form, adopt concrete prefabricated one-tenth, be provided with through hole in the plate body of described template along its length, at least one side of described template is provided with the groove that connects along the template length direction, when the dual-side that has groove of two described templates docked, the butt joint of two grooves formed a blind hole.
The utility model precast concrete form, wherein said template is the plane template, is provided with two grooves that connect along the template length direction, is positioned on flat formwork two opposed side edges.
The utility model precast concrete form, wherein said template are " L " pattern plate, are provided with two grooves that connect along the template length direction, are positioned on the adjacent side of " L " pattern plate two.
The utility model precast concrete form, wherein said template is the T-shape template, is provided with three grooves that connect along the template length direction, is positioned on three sides of T-shape template.
The utility model precast concrete form, wherein said template are " ten " font template, are provided with four grooves that connect along the template length direction, are positioned on four sides of " ten " font template.
The utility model precast concrete form, the cross section of wherein said through hole is rounded, rectangle or ellipse.
The utility model precast concrete form, cross section semicircular in shape, rectangle or the half elliptic of wherein said groove.
The utility model precast concrete form, the length of wherein said template is 2000mm~4000mm, thickness is 100mm~200mm, and the width of described plane template is 400mm~1000mm, and the width of described " L " pattern plate, T-shape template and " ten " font template is less than 400mm.
The utility model precast concrete form, in the wherein said template body along its length, width all is furnished with steel wire or reinforcing bar.
The assembling building of using above-mentioned precast concrete form to constitute, the body of wall of described building is by the plane template, " L " pattern plate, T-shape template and " ten " font template are spliced to form, the body of wall corner is provided with " L " pattern plate, body of wall T-shape infall is provided with the T-shape template, body of wall square crossing place is provided with " ten " font template, the band groove side butt joint of polylith plane template forms the bulk wallboard, the band groove side of described bulk wallboard respectively with described " L " pattern plate, the body of wall of building is enclosed in the band groove side butt joint of T-shape template and " ten " font template, be equipped with reinforcing bar in the blind hole that described adjacent forms butt joint forms, require to select to arrange reinforcing bar according to design strength in the through hole of template, all be cast with concrete in the described through hole that is provided with reinforcing bar and the blind hole.
The utility model precast concrete form difference from prior art is that the utility model precast concrete form arranges the groove that connects along the template length direction is arranged at least one side of template, when the dual-side that has groove of two templates docks, the butt joint of two grooves forms a blind hole, such structure can adopt mechanical production line production in factory, transport to the building site and carry out fabricated installation, need not to drop into a large amount of manpowers scene installs, stripping, cost is low, adjacent two split templates also need not to install template between two templates when being connected by concrete, and can directly be poured into concrete in the blind hole, speed is fast, on-the-spot pollution-free, for low-rise building, the utility model precast concrete form had both had enough building intensity, can save reinforcing bar again than frame structure, concrete consumption.
In the utility model precast concrete form, plane template, " L " pattern plate, T-shape template and " ten " font template are set, adapt to the assembling of body of wall, turning, T-shape and " ten " font infall in the building; The length of template is set at 2000~4000mm, thickness is at 100~200mm, and the width of plane template is at 400~1000mm, and " L " type, T-shape and " ten " font template width can satisfy structural strength less than 400mm, are convenient to the assemblingization installation again; In the template body along its length, width all is furnished with steel wire or reinforcing bar, can strengthen the intensity of template.
The assembling building that the utility model uses above-mentioned precast concrete form to constitute, be spliced to form by plane, " L " type, T-shape and " ten " font template, in the blind hole that each adjacent forms side butt joint forms, reinforcing bar is set all, also can reinforcing bar be set according to the intensity needs in the through hole of each template, and to through hole and the equal concreting of blind hole at reinforcing bar place, make the building structure globality strong, good stability has higher anti-seismic performance.
Be described further below in conjunction with the assembling building of accompanying drawing to precast concrete form of the present utility model and formation thereof.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of the utility model precast concrete form embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the use state diagram of embodiment 1;
Fig. 3 is the perspective view of the utility model precast concrete form embodiment 2;
Fig. 4 is the use state diagram of embodiment 2;
Fig. 5 is the perspective view of the utility model precast concrete form embodiment 3;
Fig. 6 is the use state diagram of embodiment 3;
Fig. 7 is the perspective view of the utility model precast concrete form embodiment 4;
Fig. 8 is the use state diagram of embodiment 4;
Fig. 9 is the sectional perspective structural representation of the body of wall of the assembling single of the utility model use precast concrete form formation, and the black filling part represents to be filled with concrete among the figure;
Figure 10 is the sectional perspective structural representation of the body of wall of the assembling building unit layer of the utility model use precast concrete form formation, and the black filling part represents to be filled with concrete among the figure;
Figure 11 is the partial enlarged drawing at A place among Fig. 9;
Figure 12 builds the foundation schematic diagram of assemblingization building for the utility model uses precast concrete form.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment precast concrete form is the plane template, adopt concrete prefabricated one-tenth, be provided with through hole 11 in the plate body of template along its length, plane template two opposed side edges are provided with two grooves 12 that connect along the template length direction, and the cross section of through hole 11 is rounded, the cross section of groove 12 is half elliptic, as shown in Figure 2, when the dual-side that has groove 12 of two plane templates docked, 12 butt joints of two grooves formed a blind hole.
The length of plane template is 2000mm~4000mm, and thickness is 100mm~200mm, and width is 400mm~1000mm.
Embodiment 2:
Shown in Fig. 3,4, the present embodiment precast concrete form is " L " pattern plate, adopt concrete prefabricated one-tenth, be provided with through hole 21 in the plate body of template along its length, two adjacent sides of " L " pattern plate are provided with two grooves 22 that connect along the template length direction, the cross section of through hole 21 is rounded, and the cross section of groove 22 is half elliptic.
The length of " L " pattern plate is 2000mm~4000mm, and thickness is 100mm~200mm, and width is less than 400mm.
Embodiment 3:
Shown in Fig. 5,6, the present embodiment precast concrete form is the T-shape template, adopt concrete prefabricated one-tenth, be provided with through hole 31 in the plate body of template along its length, respectively be provided with a groove 32 that connects along the template length direction on three sides of T-shape template, the cross section of through hole 31 is rounded, and the cross section of groove 32 is half elliptic.
The length of T-shape template is 2000mm~4000mm, and thickness is 100mm~200mm, and width is less than 400mm.
Embodiment 4:
Shown in Fig. 7,8, the present embodiment precast concrete form is " ten " font template, adopt concrete prefabricated one-tenth, be provided with through hole 41 in the plate body of template along its length, respectively be provided with a groove 42 that connects along the template length direction on four sides of " ten " font template, the cross section of through hole 41 is rounded, and the cross section of groove 42 is half elliptic.
The length of " ten " font template is 2000mm~4000mm, and thickness is 100mm~200mm, and width is less than 400mm.
In the utility model precast concrete form, can be further in the template entity part along its length, width arranges that steel wire or reinforcing bar increase the intensity of template; The shape of cross section of through hole is not limited to circle, and shapes such as rectangle, ellipse all can; The shape of cross section of groove also is not limited only to half elliptic, and rectangle, semicircle etc. all can.
As Fig. 9,10, shown in 11, the assembling building that the utility model adopts above-mentioned precast concrete form to constitute, wherein Jian Zhu body of wall is by the plane template, " L " pattern plate, T-shape template and " ten " font template are spliced to form, the body of wall corner arranges " L " pattern plate, body of wall T-shape infall arranges the T-shape template, body of wall square crossing place arranges " ten " font template, the band groove side butt joint of polylith plane template forms the bulk wallboard, the band groove side of bulk wallboard respectively with " L " pattern plate, the body of wall of building is enclosed in the band groove side butt joint of T-shape template and " ten " font template, and in the blind hole that each adjacent forms butt joint forms, reinforcing bar 3 is set all, also require to select reinforcing bar is set according to design strength in the through hole of each template, be provided with in the through hole of reinforcing bar 3 and the blind hole and all be cast with concrete.
The method that the utility model adopts above-mentioned precast concrete form to build the assemblingization building is such, may further comprise the steps:
1) as shown in figure 12, build foundation according to the architectural design drawing, at pre-buried many reinforcing bar 3 and the metal connecting pieces 4 that stretch vertically upward of basic internal, reinforcing bar is arranged according to template used size and adjacent forms docking location, in the blind hole of guaranteeing two adjacent template butt joints are formed embedded bar is arranged, the reinforcing bar of other positions arranges that according to building construction and requirement of strength metal connecting piece 4 adopts cylindrical or rectangle or oval-shaped fastener, and its external diameter matches with template through hole internal diameter;
2) " L " type, T-shape, " ten " font template are inserted to respectively by through hole on the metal connecting piece 4 of corner, T-shape infall and " ten " word infall of foundation, again the plane template is linked to be the sealing body of wall by being inserted to through hole and cooperating of metal connecting piece between " L " type, T-shape and " ten " font template butt joint, described reinforcing bar passes from the blind hole that through hole and the butt joint of template forms;
3) fluid concrete in the through hole that is installed with reinforcing bar and the blind hole;
4) carry out the construction of building level surface or roof, form elementary layer or single main body, carry out the operations such as insulation, waterproof, decoration on follow-up exterior wall, aspect, roof etc. again.
Above-described embodiment is described preferred embodiment of the present utility model; be not that scope of the present utility model is limited; under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model design spirit; various distortion and improvement that those of ordinary skills make the technical solution of the utility model all should fall in the definite protection domain of the utility model claims.

Claims (10)

1. precast concrete form, adopt concrete prefabricated one-tenth, be provided with through hole (11,21,31,41) in the plate body of described template along its length, it is characterized in that: at least one side of described template is provided with the groove (12,22,32,42) that connects along the template length direction, when the dual-side that has groove of two described templates docked, the butt joint of two grooves formed a blind hole.
2. precast concrete form according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described template is the plane template, is provided with two grooves (12) that connect along the template length direction, is positioned on flat formwork two opposed side edges.
3. precast concrete form according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described template is " L " pattern plate, is provided with two grooves (22) that connect along the template length direction, is positioned on the adjacent side of " L " pattern plate two.
4. precast concrete form according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described template is the T-shape template, is provided with three grooves (32) that connect along the template length direction, is positioned on three sides of T-shape template.
5. precast concrete form according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described template is " ten " font template, is provided with four grooves (42) that connect along the template length direction, is positioned on four sides of " ten " font template.
6. according to the arbitrary described precast concrete form of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that: the cross section of described through hole (11,21,31,41) is rounded, rectangle or ellipse.
7. precast concrete form according to claim 6 is characterized in that: cross section semicircular in shape, rectangle or the half elliptic of described groove (12,22,32,42).
8. precast concrete form according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the length of described template is 2000mm~4000mm, thickness is 100mm~200mm, the width of described plane template is 400mm~1000mm, and the width of described " L " pattern plate, T-shape template and " ten " font template is less than 400mm.
9. precast concrete form according to claim 1 is characterized in that: in the described template body along its length, width all is furnished with steel wire or reinforcing bar.
10. a right to use requires the assembling building that 8 described precast concrete forms constitute, it is characterized in that: the body of wall of described building is by the plane template, " L " pattern plate, T-shape template and " ten " font template are spliced to form, the body of wall corner is provided with " L " pattern plate, body of wall T-shape infall is provided with the T-shape template, body of wall square crossing place is provided with " ten " font template, the band groove side butt joint of polylith plane template forms the bulk wallboard, the band groove side of described bulk wallboard respectively with described " L " pattern plate, the body of wall of building is enclosed in the band groove side butt joint of T-shape template and " ten " font template, be equipped with reinforcing bar (3) in the blind hole that described adjacent forms butt joint forms, require to select to arrange reinforcing bar according to design strength in the through hole of template, all be cast with concrete in the described through hole that is provided with reinforcing bar (3) and the blind hole.
CN 201320020822 2013-01-15 2013-01-15 Prefabricated concrete formwork and prefabricated building formed by same Active CN203129572U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103074955A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-05-01 北京珠穆朗玛新型建材有限公司 Prefabricated concrete template, prefabricated building comprising same and construction method of template
CN104047380A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-09-17 中国建筑股份有限公司 Assembly steel beam joint T-shaped mixed coupled wall and construction method thereof
CN103074955B (en) * 2013-01-15 2016-11-30 北京珠穆朗玛绿色建筑科技有限公司 The assembling building of precast concrete form and composition thereof and method of construction
CN108049525A (en) * 2016-05-16 2018-05-18 苏州市世好建材新技术工程有限公司 Heat insulation prefabricated wall

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103074955A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-05-01 北京珠穆朗玛新型建材有限公司 Prefabricated concrete template, prefabricated building comprising same and construction method of template
CN103074955B (en) * 2013-01-15 2016-11-30 北京珠穆朗玛绿色建筑科技有限公司 The assembling building of precast concrete form and composition thereof and method of construction
CN104047380A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-09-17 中国建筑股份有限公司 Assembly steel beam joint T-shaped mixed coupled wall and construction method thereof
CN104047380B (en) * 2014-05-15 2016-07-06 中国建筑股份有限公司 Assembled girder steel seam T-shaped mixing coupled wall and construction method thereof
CN108049525A (en) * 2016-05-16 2018-05-18 苏州市世好建材新技术工程有限公司 Heat insulation prefabricated wall

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CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 102209 Beijing city Changping District town Beiqijia Hongfu building room 1723

Patentee after: BEIJING EVEREST GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Address before: 102209 Beijing city Changping District town Beiqijia Hongfu building room 1723

Patentee before: Beijing Everest New Building Material Co., Ltd.

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: BEIJING EVEREST GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD

Free format text: FORMER NAME: BEIJING EVEREST NEW BUILDING MATERIAL CO., LTD.