CN105908965A - Assembly type concrete wall board, assembly type building and assembly method - Google Patents

Assembly type concrete wall board, assembly type building and assembly method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105908965A
CN105908965A CN201610248779.8A CN201610248779A CN105908965A CN 105908965 A CN105908965 A CN 105908965A CN 201610248779 A CN201610248779 A CN 201610248779A CN 105908965 A CN105908965 A CN 105908965A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
template
groove
hole
shape
reinforcing bar
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Pending
Application number
CN201610248779.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张英保
张裕照
廖丽英
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BEIJING EVEREST GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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BEIJING EVEREST GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Application filed by BEIJING EVEREST GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical BEIJING EVEREST GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610248779.8A priority Critical patent/CN105908965A/en
Publication of CN105908965A publication Critical patent/CN105908965A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/06Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for walls, e.g. curved end panels for wall shutterings; filler elements for wall shutterings; shutterings for vertical ducts
    • E04G11/08Forms, which are completely dismantled after setting of the concrete and re-built for next pouring

Abstract

The invention provides an assembly type concrete wall board, an assembly type building and an assembly method. The wall board comprises a first formwork and a second formwork, and grooves are formed in side plates of the first formwork and the second formwork. The first formwork and the second formwork get close to each other and are connected in a butt joint mode from the two sides of a stand column steel bar A which is positioned in advance. The grooves are in butt joint to form closed holes A. Concrete is injected from the upper ends of the closed holes A to connect the first formwork with the second formwork and the stand column steel bar A. The invention further provides the formworks for forming the wall board, and the assembly type building composed through the formworks and joint connection parts, and the assembly method of the building. The wall board is high in stability. The assembly type building is high in overall anti-seismic performance. By the adoption of the assembly method, construction materials are saved, construction is easy, the construction cost is low, the labor efficiency is high, the construction speed is high, and construction waste is reduced.

Description

Assembly concrete wallboard, assemblingization building and assembly method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the structure being made up of reinforced concrete member, particularly relate to a kind of assembly concrete wallboard, assemblingization Building and assembly method.
Background technology
The building field of China realizes technology upgrading and transition through scientific and technical innovation, to realize the target of modernization of architecture.Mesh Before, in industry main use building element product in factory industrialized production, in construction site, fabricated construction realizes house Construction of Industrialization, and in the way of this replaces traditional on-the-spot a large amount of manual work.Housing industrialization construction economizes on resources, saves Human-saving, minimizing pollute, protection environment, are truly realized green building and construct, achieve housing industrialization construction, meet Building industry transition and upgrade requires, achieves the target of green building.During housing industrialization is built, the emphasis of fabricated construction and difficulty Point is that the node connection each other of wallboard that precast reinforced concrete structure formed needs to reach Architectural Structure Design and antidetonation sets The requirement of meter.
As shown in figure 12, connect common practice for current industry interior nodes, in wallboard 2 ', connection column 21 ', be provided with steel Muscle cage, in the corner of wallboard 2 ', the component constituting wallboard 2 ' directly docks with connection column 21 ' at node, component Interior steel reinforcement cage and the steel reinforcement cage connected in column 21 ' are separate.This figure only illustrates as a example by wallboard 2 ' corner, The T-shape infall of wallboard 2 ', " ten " word infall way are identical with this.Though this kind of connected mode is simple, but due to structure Only contacting connection between part and connection column 21 ', so connecting weak effect, at node, steadiness is poor, Antiseismic building Can be weak, construction quality is low.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of saving construction material, easy construction, steadiness is high, anti-seismic performance is strong Assembly concrete wallboard.
The assembly concrete wallboard of the present invention, including template one, template two,
Offer through groove two on one of them side of described template one, each cross section of described groove two be U-shaped and Described each cross section is identical;
Offer through groove three on one of them side of described template two, each cross section of described groove three be U-shaped and Described each cross section is identical;
Described template one, template two are provided with several through holes running through its height H direction, and ground is preset be vertically arranged perpendicular To reinforcing bar, column reinforcing bar A, first by described template one, template two is sling and vertically reinforcing bar moves from top to bottom, make every erect Inserting in corresponding through hole to reinforcing bar, then, when template one, template two are docked, reinforcing bar A is the most in place for column, is positioned at institute State the described template one of column reinforcing bar A not homonymy, template two moves towards along respective width W direction, finally makes groove two He Groove three is mutually drawn close and is docking together, thus by described groove two with described groove three wraps up and around described column reinforcing bar A also forms parcel and the blind hole A around described column reinforcing bar A;
When described parcel with after the blind hole A of described column reinforcing bar A is formed, inject concrete from described blind hole A upper end Thus engage described template one, template two, column reinforcing bar A.
The assembly concrete wallboard of the present invention, also provides for template three, described one of them side of template three also offers through Groove five, it is identical that each cross section of described groove five is U-shaped and described each cross section;
Offering through groove four on another side of described template two, each cross section of described groove four is U-shaped and described Each cross section is identical;
Described template three is provided with several through holes running through its height H direction, ground is preset column reinforcing bar B, first by described mould Plate two is sling and vertically reinforcing bar moves from top to bottom, makes every vertical reinforcement insert in corresponding through hole, then, when template three, When template two is docked, reinforcing bar B is the most in place for column, and described template three moves along local width W direction to template two, finally makes Groove four and groove five are mutually drawn close and are docking together, thus by described groove four with described groove five wraps up and around described Column reinforcing bar B also forms parcel and the blind hole B around described column reinforcing bar B;
When described parcel with after the blind hole B of described column reinforcing bar B is formed, inject concrete from described blind hole B upper end Thus engage described template three, template two, column reinforcing bar B.
The assembly concrete wallboard of the present invention, wherein said template one, template two, the height H of template three are 2.5~3.5m, Width W is 0.4~2m, and described groove two, groove three, groove four, degree of depth d of groove five are 0.1~0.2m, described template One, template two, the thickness D of template three are 0.15~0.2m, at described groove two, groove three, groove four, groove five notch Width B is 0.08~0.14m.
The assembly concrete wallboard of the present invention, some pieces of templates one, template two, template three docking arrangements form wallboard, described wall The corner of plate is connected by " L " type node connecting portion, T-shape infall is connected by T-shape node connecting portion, " ten " word intersects Place by " ten " font node connecting portion connect, described " L " type node connecting portion include cast-in-place described corner and in set " L " type " L " type column of steel reinforcement cage, described T-shape node connecting portion include cast-in-place described T-shape infall and in set T-shape steel reinforcement cage T-shape column, described " ten " font node connecting portion include cast-in-place described " ten " word infall and in set " ten " font steel reinforcement cage " ten " font column, described " L " steel bar cage, T-shape steel reinforcement cage, the respective external part of " ten " font steel reinforcement cage are respectively protruding into And it is fixed on the template one adjacent with each described external part or template two or template three inside.
The assembly concrete wallboard of the present invention, on column reinforcing bar A, the column reinforcing bar B in described blind hole A, blind hole B It is additionally provided with steel reinforcement cage A, steel reinforcement cage B that horizontal cross stirrup reinforcing bar is constituted, in described through hole, is all cast with concrete, described mould Some it are disposed with from top to bottom along template one, template two, template three along respective short transverse in plate one, template two, template three The transverse steel that each width extends and is parallel to each other, the fixed built-in fitting in described transverse steel one end, template one, template two, When template three is spliced two-by-two, by connector, biside plate with groove is docking together, described " L " steel bar cage, T-shape steel Muscle cage, the respective external part of " ten " font steel reinforcement cage are respectively protruding into the groove in template Nei and are connected by bolt with described transverse steel Connect.
Present invention also offers a kind of use template in any of the above-described assembly concrete wallboard.
Present invention also offers a kind of assemblingization using any of the above-described assembly concrete wallboard to constitute to build, described " L " type column, It is provided with template and support system, described template and support system bottom at T-shape column, " ten " font column and is fixed on ground On, described template is installed fixing by through-wall bolt with disk nut and the fixed cross beam in template and support system, described " L " Be additionally provided with at type column, T-shape column, " ten " font column with described template and support system with the use of sizing in template.
The assemblingization building of the present invention, also includes being " L " shape component of reinforced concrete prefabricated board, window hole upper component, window Hole lower member, described " L " shape component is provided with the hole running through its short transverse, and described " L " shape component is along its width Side side plate forms the arc groove extended along " L " shape member height direction, and opposite side side plate bottom is closed, and " L " shape is formed at top Gap, described " L " shape component is further opened with the U-shaped elongated hole parallel with hole near the edge of gap, and two blocks of " L " shape components are with U The mode parallel interval that shape elongated hole is relative is arranged, described window hole upper component is rectangle and is internally provided with bar-mat reinforcement, described steel The two ends of muscle net are stretched out outside window hole upper component along its length, and the two ends of described window hole upper component are respectively placed in two pieces On the gap of described " L " shape component and the two ends of described bar-mat reinforcement are respectively protruding in described U-shaped elongated hole, described window hole top structure The height of part is identical with the height of described gap, and described window hole lower member is that upper end closed, lower end offer longitudinal hole Rectangle reinforced concrete prefabricated board, vertical reinforcement extends upwardly in described longitudinal hole, and described window hole lower member is arranged in two Fix with ground bottom it after between block " L " shape component.
The assemblingization of the present invention is built, and wherein said template one, template two, template three outer surface are prefabricated with heat-insulation layer the most simultaneously, And described template one includes the Side fascia adjacent with described side plate, and the lining relative with described Side fascia, described lining On be embedded with electric wire box, be positioned at pre-buried pipeline in the concrete outside through hole in the middle of described lining, Side fascia.
Template used by the assembled wallboard of the present invention, this wallboard and use the building that this wallboard constitutes, unlike the prior art Part is, when the template of composition wallboard is spliced two-by-two, column reinforcing bar is the most in place, and two pieces of templates are from the both sides phase of column reinforcing bar To drawing close, the groove on the side plate of two pieces of templates is docking together formation blind hole, is wrapped in blind hole by column reinforcing bar, then Steel reinforcement cage is set in blind hole and casting concrete forms column bar construction, reach to strengthen the purpose of connection part of templates intensity, Easy construction, steadiness height, substantially increase the shock strength of wallboard.And, when adjacent forms connects, horizontal steel in template The built-in fitting arranged on muscle, is matched with connector, is linked together by the built-in fitting in two pieces of adjacent forms by connector, Realize the connection between template, this kind of connected mode easy construction, reliable, quick.In the corner of wallboard, T-shape infall, The column of cast-in-place concrete formation is set at three kinds of nodes such as " ten " word infall and arranges and above-mentioned node form fit in column Steel reinforcement cage, and the respective external part of steel reinforcement cage at respective nodes is respectively protruding in the template adjacent with this external part, then should External part is connected further through bolt and the reinforcing bar within template are fixing, and so, not only template and column connect, and inside template Reinforcing bar and column within steel reinforcement cage be fixed together the most simultaneously, it is clear that such attended operation is easy, enhances room Steadiness at room node, improves seismic performance of building, meets Seismic Design Requirements, improves the quality of housing construction.
Present invention also offers the assembly method of a kind of above-mentioned assembled architecture, comprise the steps:
A, carry out the construction of ground according to template one, template two, the specification of template three, and on ground, arrange vertical steel Muscle;
B, requiring that according to design " L " steel bar cage is arranged in the corner of wallboard corresponding on ground, T-shape infall arranges " T " Steel bar cage, " ten " word infall arranges " ten " font steel reinforcement cage;
C, support system is set at " L " steel bar cage, T-shape steel reinforcement cage, " ten " font steel reinforcement cage and sets up sizing exterior sheathing;
D, assembled installation form one, template two, template three, some pieces of templates one, template two, template three docking arrangement shapes Described wallboard, described " L " steel bar cage, T-shape steel reinforcement cage, the respective external part of " ten " font steel reinforcement cage is become to be respectively protruding into and consolidate It is scheduled on the template one adjacent with each described external part, template two, template three internal;
The arrangement of E, use " L " shape component, window hole upper component, window hole lower member forms window hole: two blocks of " L " shape components with The mode parallel interval that U-shaped elongated hole is relative is arranged, described window hole upper component is arranged in above window hole and on described window hole The two ends of portion's component are respectively placed on the gap of " L " shape component described in two pieces, and meanwhile, the two ends of described bar-mat reinforcement are respectively protruding into described In U-shaped elongated hole, described window hole lower member is arranged in below window hole and is positioned between two blocks of " L " shape components, described window hole Fix with ground bottom lower member;
F, by top board cover above described wallboard formed roof, and on described roof arrange circuit, pipeline;
G, after the periphery on described roof arranges a delineation section mould plate, for top board, " L " type node connecting portion, T-shape node even Connect portion, " ten " font node connecting portion, through hole, blind hole A, blind hole B, groove, hole, U-shaped elongated hole casting concrete;
H, on described wallboard alien invasion paste heat-insulation layer;
I, swabbing, complete construction.
Owing to the assembling all templates in house (i.e. template one, two, three) is prefabricated component, it is not required to on-the-spot processing, therefore, we Method uses mechanical hoisting device to construct in a large number, greatly reduces manual work, has saved labour force's input, has improve labor efficiency. Meanwhile, it is not required to on-the-spot processing template, improves labour force's working environment, decrease construction rubbish, substantially reduce again building work Phase, house building speed the most also brings economic benefit directly or indirectly for construction owner.And, the template of this method is basis The unified processing of Architectural Design Requirements, batch production, construction cost is low, template good product quality, improves construction quality.In a word, The house using the prefabricated concrete structure of this method construction meets country and implements housing industrialization, it is achieved sending out of modernization of architecture Exhibition requirement, can realize building industry innovation and development, technological progress, transition and upgrade, meet national strategy demand for development.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings assembly concrete wallboard, assemblingization building and the assembly method of the present invention is described further.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the vertical view cutaway drawing of the assemblingization building of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front sectional view of the assemblingization building of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 at A;
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 at B;
Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 at C;
Fig. 6 be the present invention assemblingization building in the front view that is stitched together of template one, template two, template three;
Fig. 7 is the top view of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 be the present invention assemblingization building in the front sectional view of structure at window hole;
Fig. 9 is the top view of Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the D-D profile of Fig. 8;
Figure 11 be the present invention assemblingization building in " L " shape component master regard perspective view;
Figure 12 is existing wallboard node connecting portion connected mode schematic diagram;
Figure 13 is the partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 7 at E;
Figure 14 is the partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 7 at F;
Figure 15 be the present invention assemblingization building in template one, template two, template three splicing schematic front view.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, present invention assembling is built, including ground 1 (can also be lower floor's body of wall, the present embodiment only with Illustrate as a example by ground) and by the wallboard 2 of some pieces of armored concrete prefabricated circular hole slab template docking arrangements.Wallboard 2 Corner by " L " type node connecting portion 21 connect, T-shape infall by T-shape node connecting portion 22 connect, " ten " Word infall is connected by " ten " font node connecting portion 23.As it is shown on figure 3, " L " type node connecting portion 21 includes cast-in-place turning At angle and in set " L " type column 211 of " L " steel bar cage 212.As shown in Figure 4, T-shape node connecting portion 22 includes cast-in-place T-shape infall and in set the T-shape column 221 of T-shape steel reinforcement cage 222.As it is shown in figure 5, " ten " font node connecting portion 23 include cast-in-place " ten " word infall and in set " ten " font column 231 of " ten " font steel reinforcement cage 232.
As shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Figure 14, Figure 15, template 1, template 2 102, template 3 103 structure, specification phase With, collectively referred to as template, as a example by template 1, the height H of this template is 2.5~3.5m, and width W is 0.4~2m, Template 1 is provided with several through holes 31 running through its short transverse, at least one side plate of template 1 (left plate or Right plate) on offer the groove 32 parallel with through hole 31, this groove 32 can be the half-via of side opening, it is also possible to for Deep trouth, above-mentioned half-via or deep trouth can be that semicircle, semiellipse, semicircle are with rectangular along the top view of template 1 short transverse Shape that shape is stitched together or U-shaped, it is, of course, also possible to be other shapes according to construction Demand Design, if its effect and this Apply for identical, do not enumerate.This groove 32 is 0.1~0.2m along degree of depth d in template 1 width W direction, The thickness D of template 1 is 0.15~0.2m, and at groove 32 notch, width B is 0.08~0.14m.When template 1, mould Plate 2 102, two grooves docking when the side plate of adjacent two pieces docks in template 3 103, in template 1, template 2 102 Form the blind hole A33 of a up/down perforation.Shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, ground 1 is disposed with vertical reinforcement 11, vertically Reinforcing bar 11 extends upwardly into above-mentioned through hole 31, blind hole A33, the groove 1 of another side plate of template 1, template 3 103 In groove 6 1032 on another side plate.Horizontal cross stirrup reinforcing bar structure is there also is provided on vertical reinforcement 11 in blind hole A33 The steel reinforcement cage 302 become.Concrete all it is cast with in through hole 31, blind hole A33, groove 1, groove 6 1032.Close Arrange steel reinforcement cage 302 in the A33 of hole and pour into a mould concrete and can form support column, greatly strengthen the support strength of body of wall, be conducive to Ensure the stability of building structure.Template 1, template 2 102, arrange from top to bottom along its short transverse in template 3 103 There are the some transverse steels 34 extended and be parallel to each other along each template width direction, during three pieces of template docking, in conjunction with Figure 13 institute Showing, template 2 102, the left and right two ends of transverse steel 34 of template 3 103 arrange pre-embedded steel slab 300 along the thickness direction of template, It is female that pre-embedded steel slab 300 is provided with bolt hole or bolt, the bolt being distributed along the inner and outer surfaces in template thickness direction by bolt 301 Hole is run through and is anchored into after in blind hole B331 and vertical reinforcement 11, column reinforcing bar B333 square crossing.The most as shown in Figures 3 to 5, " L " steel bar cage 212, T-shape steel reinforcement cage 222, the respective external part of " ten " font steel reinforcement cage 232 (i.e. horizontal cross stirrup) It is respectively protruding in the groove in the template the most adjacent with these external parts, and is bolted to connection with transverse steel 34, tool Body connected mode can be found in the method for attachment during docking of above-mentioned three pieces of templates, does not repeats, after connection, above-mentioned external part with stretch Enter the vertical reinforcement 11 in groove, column reinforcing bar A111, column reinforcing bar B333, steel reinforcement cage A302, steel reinforcement cage B303 intersection Link.Visible, the steel reinforcement cage at above-mentioned three kinds of nodes is simple with the connected mode of transverse steel 34, provides pole for construction Big facility.
Further, in order to strengthen the support performance at above-mentioned 3 kinds of node connecting portions of wallboard 2, it is ensured that stablizing of building structure Property, it is provided with support system at " L " type column 211, T-shape column 221, " ten " font column 231, support system Bottom is fixed on ground 1.Each template fixed cross beam by the way of through-wall bolt with disk nut screw connection and on support system Fixing connection.This support system and application publication number are the supporter described in Chinese invention patent application of CN104196263A Architecture usage is identical, does not repeats.
Similarly, in order to ensure the stability at node further, meet follow-up concrete construction requirement, " L " type column 211, be additionally provided with at T-shape column 221, " ten " font column 231 with support system with the use of sizing exterior sheathing. So, support system and fit in sizing exterior sheathing, inside and outside wallboard 2, form Bidirectional supporting, both block coagulation Soil, is effectively guaranteed again the stability of structure at node.
As shown in Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10, Figure 11, the house of the present invention, its window hole is by being reinforced concrete prefabricated board The arrangement of " L " shape component 4, window hole upper component 5, window hole lower member 6 is formed." L " shape component 4 is provided with and runs through its height The hole 41 in degree direction, " L " shape component 4 forms, along the left side side plate of its width, the arc extended along " L " shape component 4 short transverse Connected in star 42, the closing of side plate bottom, right side, " L " shape gap 44 is formed at top." L " shape component 4 is near the edge of gap 44 It is further opened with the U-shaped elongated hole 43 parallel with hole 41.Two blocks of " L " shape components 4 by U-shaped elongated hole 43 left and right relative in the way of between Every layout, vertical reinforcement upwards 11 stretches in hole 41, U-shaped elongated hole 43.Window hole upper component 5 is rectangle and internal setting Having bar-mat reinforcement 51, the two ends, left and right of bar-mat reinforcement 51 are stretched out outside window hole upper component 5 along its length.Window hole top structure The two ends, left and right of part 5 ride on the gap 44 of two blocks of " L " shape components 4 respectively, and the two ends, left and right of bar-mat reinforcement 51 are respectively protruding into window opening In the U-shaped elongated hole 43 of the mouth left and right sides.The height of window hole upper component 5 is identical with the height of gap 44, it is ensured that window opening The planarization of mouth upper edge.Window hole lower member 6 is also rectangle reinforced concrete prefabricated board, and its upper end closed, lower end is opened Being provided with the longitudinal hole 61 extended along component about 6, vertical reinforcement upwards 11 stretches in longitudinal hole 61.Window hole bottom structure Part 6 is fixed with ground 1 bottom it after being arranged between two blocks of " L " shape components 4.The construction simple and fast of above-mentioned window hole, work Efficiency is high, and flatness is high.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 7, illustrating as a example by template 1, each template all includes the Side fascia 35 adjacent with side plate, And the lining 36 relative with Side fascia 35, lining 36 is embedded with in the middle of electric wire box, lining 36, Side fascia 35 It is positioned at pre-buried pipeline in the concrete outside through hole 31.Can be follow-up room according to building demand built-in electric wire box in a template, pipeline Interior decoration construction provides the most convenient, is also beneficial to the reduction of erection time.
Present invention also offers the assembly method of a kind of above-mentioned assembled architecture, comprise the steps:
A, specification according to template (i.e. template 1, template 2 102, template 3 103) carry out the design of ground 1 Construction, and require to arrange vertical reinforcement 11 on ground 1 according to design, it is ensured that vertical reinforcement 11 can penetrate later stage layout smoothly Each precoated plate template in;
B, require that according to design " L " steel bar cage 212, T-shape infall are arranged in the corner of wallboard 2 corresponding on ground 1 Arranging T-shape steel reinforcement cage 222, " ten " word infall arranges " ten " font steel reinforcement cage 232;
C, support system is set at " L " steel bar cage 212, T-shape steel reinforcement cage 222, " ten " font steel reinforcement cage 232, necessary Time also can set up sizing exterior sheathing, to coordinate follow-up concreting and to strengthen the intensity at node;
D, assembled installation form, some pieces of template docking arrangements form wallboard 2, " L " steel bar cage 212, T-shape steel reinforcement cage 222, the respective external part of " ten " font steel reinforcement cage 232 is respectively protruding into and is fixed on inside the template adjacent with each external part;
E, use " L " shape component 4, window hole upper component 5, window hole lower member 6 arrangement formation window hole: two pieces of " L " shapes Component 4 parallel interval in the way of U-shaped elongated hole 43 is relative is arranged, window hole upper component 5 is arranged in above window hole and window The two ends of hole upper component 5 are respectively placed on the gap 44 of two blocks of " L " shape components 4, and meanwhile, the two ends of bar-mat reinforcement 51 are respectively Stretching in U-shaped elongated hole 43, window hole lower member 6 is arranged in below window hole and is positioned between two blocks of " L " shape components 4, window Fix with ground 1 bottom hole lower member 6;
F, by top board cover above wallboard 2 formed roof, and on roof arrange circuit, pipeline, this circuit, pipeline are concrete Arrangement sees routine techniques means;
G, after the periphery on roof arranges a delineation section mould plate, for top board, " L " type node connecting portion 21, T-shape node connect Portion 22, " ten " font node connecting portion 23, through hole 31, elongated hole 33, groove 32, hole 41, U-shaped elongated hole 43 pour coagulation Soil, above-mentioned baffle plate not only can block concrete, it is also possible to for controlling the thickness of floor;
H, on wallboard 2 alien invasion paste heat-insulation layer;
I, swabbing, complete construction.
Such as Fig. 1 to Fig. 7, and shown in Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15, assembly concrete wallboard, including template 1, mould Plate 2 102, above-mentioned armored concrete prefabricated circular hole slab template includes template 1, template 2 102.Template 1 is wherein Offering through groove 2 32 on one side, it is identical that each cross section of groove 2 32 is U-shaped and each cross section;Template two Offering through groove 3 1021 on one of them side of 102, each cross section of groove 3 1021 is U-shaped and each section Face is identical;Template 1, template 2 102 are provided with several through holes 31 running through its height H direction, on ground 1 in advance Vertical reinforcement 11, the column reinforcing bar A111 being vertically arranged is set, first template 1, template 2 102 is sling and vertically steel Muscle 11 moves from top to bottom, makes every vertical reinforcement 11 insert in the through hole 31 of correspondence, then, when template 1, template During 2 102 docking, reinforcing bar A111 is the most in place for column, has arranged this column steel on ground 1 before finger docking the most in place Muscle A111, is positioned at the template 1 of column reinforcing bar A111 arranged on left and right sides, template 2 102 along respective width W direction in opposite directions Mobile, finally make groove 2 32 and groove 3 1021 mutually draw close and be docking together, thus by groove 2 32 and groove three 1021 parcels and around column reinforcing bar A111 and form parcel and around the blind hole A33 of column reinforcing bar A111, vertical reinforcement In the 11 blind hole A33 inserting correspondence from bottom to top;When parcel with after the blind hole A33 of column reinforcing bar A111 is formed, Inject concrete from blind hole A33 upper end thus engage template 1, template 2 102, column reinforcing bar A111.Template 3 103 Also offering through groove 5 1031 on one of them side, each cross section of groove 5 1031 is U-shaped and each cross section phase With;Offer through groove 4 1022 on another side of template 2 102, each cross section of groove 4 1022 be U-shaped also And each cross section is identical;It also is provided with running through several through holes 31 in its height H direction in template 3 103, ground 1 is preset column Reinforcing bar B333, first slings template 2 102 and vertically reinforcing bar 11 moves from top to bottom, make every vertical reinforcement 11 insert right In the through hole 31 answered, then, when template 3 103, template 2 102 docking, reinforcing bar B333 is the most in place, herein for column The meaning in place identical with above-mentioned column reinforcing bar A111, template 3 103 moves to template 2 102 along local width W direction and leans on Hold together, finally make groove 4 1022 and groove 5 1031 mutually draw close and be docking together, thus by groove 4 1022 and groove 5 1031 parcels and around column reinforcing bar B333 and form parcel and around the blind hole B331 of column reinforcing bar B333, vertical steel Muscle 11 inserts in the blind hole B331 of correspondence from bottom to top;Formed when parcel with around the blind hole B331 of column reinforcing bar B333 After, inject concrete from blind hole B331 upper end thus engage template 3 103, template 2 102, column reinforcing bar B333.
Template 1, template 2 102, the height H of template 3 103 are 2.5~3.5m, and width W is 0.4~2m, template one 101, template 2 102, template 3 103 are provided with several through holes 31 running through its height H direction, groove 2 32, groove 3 1021, groove 4 1022, degree of depth d of groove 5 1031 are 0.1~0.2m, template 1, template 2 102, template three The thickness D of 103 is 0.15~0.2m, width at groove 2 32, groove 3 1021, groove 4 1022, groove 5 1031 notch Degree B is 0.08~0.14m.
Some pieces of templates 1, template 2 102, template 3 103 docking arrangements form wallboard 2, and the corner of wallboard 2 is passed through " L " type node connecting portion 21 connects, T-shape infall is connected by T-shape node connecting portion 22, " ten " word infall passes through " ten " Font node connecting portion 23 connects, " L " type node connecting portion 21 include cast-in-place on the corner and in set " L " of " L " steel bar cage 212 Type column 211, T-shape node connecting portion 22 include cast-in-place T-shape infall and in set T-shape steel reinforcement cage 222 T-shape stand Post 221, " ten " font node connecting portion 23 include cast-in-place " ten " word infall and in set " ten " of " ten " font steel reinforcement cage 232 Font column 231, " L " steel bar cage 212, T-shape steel reinforcement cage 222, the respective external part of " ten " font steel reinforcement cage 232 are respectively Stretch into and be fixed on the template one 101 adjacent with each external part or template 2 102 or template 3 103 is internal.
Being disposed with vertical reinforcement 11 on ground 1, vertical reinforcement 11 extends upwardly into through hole 31, blind hole A33, blind hole B331 In, column reinforcing bar A111, the column reinforcing bar B333 in blind hole A33, blind hole B331 is additionally provided with horizontal cross stirrup Steel reinforcement cage A302, the steel reinforcement cage B303 that reinforcing bar is constituted, is all cast with concrete in through hole 31, template 1, template 2 102, Some it are disposed with from top to bottom along template 1, template 2 102, template 3 103 along respective short transverse in template 3 103 The transverse steel 34 that each width extends and is parallel to each other, the fixed built-in fitting in transverse steel 34 one end, template 1, mould When plate 2 102, template 3 103 are spliced two-by-two, by connector, biside plate with groove is docking together, " L " steel bar cage 212, T-shape steel reinforcement cage 222, the respective external part of " ten " font steel reinforcement cage 232 be respectively protruding into the groove in template Nei and with laterally Reinforcing bar 34 is connected by bolt 301.
The general construction site in this area, i.e. need not penetrate in through-holes the construction site of reinforcing bar, and the template of the present invention can be Connector is installed after putting in place, horizontally or vertically in the scope of operation mobile formed on the basis of formed column reinforcing bar around (i.e. the region of blind hole cincture), after the mixed earth of cast the most from top to bottom, will form column reinforcing bar, and because institute of the present invention shape The closed pore structures become ensure that maximum is in sealing contact area thus the body of wall that formed of two pieces of templates of tight closure, thus creates The model sheetinstallat of the present invention is convenient, the effect of affixed convenience (including preventing wall leakage).Even if in the field needing reinforcement construction Close, (because having the reinforcing bar that must penetrate through through hole), the present invention when template of the present invention needs to be lifted in the scope of operation from top to bottom Two templates along form height longitudinally through groove it is also ensured that be easily moved at template in construction process one-movement-freedom-degree Put in place and simultaneously around the closed pore structures of the column reinforcing bar formation present invention, thus cause aforesaid each effect.
The adjacent two split templates of the present invention install template without between two templates when being connected by concrete, can be by mixed Solidifying soil is directly poured in blind hole, and speed is fast, on-the-spot pollution-free.
In sum, the groove on the template side of the present invention is through and opening, and this through groove is even at slot opening Continuous pass through openings rather than be interrupted opening, when the reeded dual-side of band of described two pieces of described templates docks, two is recessed Groove docking forms a through blind hole.Due to groove continuous opening, two pieces of adjacent panels of the present invention are by vertically moving from top to bottom Directly docking constitutes a blind hole, has existed and existed by the vertical reinforcement stretched out in substrustion body of wall before blind hole is formed, After two boards docking forms blind hole, blind hole forms after casting concrete reinforced concrete column.Adjacent forms of the present invention Docking constitutes blind hole, and in blind hole after casting concrete post, concrete column and precast concrete form are formed as an entirety, Can reach to connect and sealing function between adjacent panels, will not leak and seep water.
The wallboard of the present invention, assembled architecture and assembly method thereof at least have the advantages that
1, the building construction design of prefabricated concrete structure system is safe and reliable, meets code for structural design requirement, it is adaptable to high Layer house;
2, each prefab-form used in house assembling all can carry out industrialization, mark by group standing mould machine group mechanical production line Standardization and large-scale production, good product quality, production efficiency are high, production cost is low;
3, the house of the present invention all uses assembled in situ formula to construct, and construction technology is clear and definite, constructing operation is easy, construction quality is excellent Good;
4, the house of prefabricated concrete structure system is used can be applied to multi-rise building to scale, also by measuring and calculating accurately Control building cost cost, make cost reach or the building cost cost of close tradition cast-in-place structural;
5, prefabricated buildings can significantly save the physical resources that the traditional architecture industries such as template, scaffold, water power are required, effectively Reduce energy resource consumption, meet the green and requirement of sustainable development;
6, use the construction of prefab-form assembled in situ, greatly reduce the workload that on-the-spot processing template produces, significantly reduce and build Build construction, processing rubbish that job site produces, improve construction environment, it is achieved that Green civilization is constructed, and meets environmental protection and energy saving Requirement;
7, the column molding formed by column reinforcing bar and concrete is fast, and intensity is high, engages more firmly also between column with wallboard Further increase the overall shock resistance of building and durability.
Embodiment described above is only to be described the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not carries out the scope of the present invention Limiting, on the premise of designing spirit without departing from the present invention, technical scheme is made by those of ordinary skill in the art Various deformation and improvement, all should fall in the protection domain that claims of the present invention determines.

Claims (10)

1. assembly concrete wallboard, it is characterised in that: include template one (101), template two (102),
Through groove two (32) is offered, described groove two (32) each on one of them side of described template one (101) It is identical that cross section is U-shaped and described each cross section;
Through groove three (1021), described groove three (1021) is offered on one of them side of described template two (102) To be U-shaped and described each cross section identical in each cross section;
Described template one (101), template two (102) are provided with several through holes (31) running through its height H direction, ground (1) vertical reinforcement (11), column reinforcing bar A (111) being vertically arranged above is preset, first by described template one (101), template Two (102) sling and vertically reinforcing bar (11) moves from top to bottom, make every vertical reinforcement (11) insert corresponding through hole (31) In, then, when template one (101), template two (102) docking, column reinforcing bar A (111) is the most in place, is positioned at institute State the described template one (101) of column reinforcing bar A (111) not homonymy, template two (102) is moved in opposite directions along respective width W direction Dynamic, finally make groove two (32) and groove three (1021) mutually draw close and be docking together, thus by described groove two (32) With described groove three (1021) parcel and around described column reinforcing bar A (111) and formed parcel and around described column reinforcing bar A (111) blind hole A (33);
When described parcel with after the blind hole A (33) of described column reinforcing bar A (111) is formed, from described blind hole A (33) Upper end is injected concrete thus is engaged described template one (101), template two (102), column reinforcing bar A (111).
Assembly concrete wallboard the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Template three (103) is provided, described one of them side of template three (103) also offers through groove five (1031), It is identical that each cross section of described groove five (1031) is U-shaped and described each cross section;
Through groove four (1022) is offered, described groove four (1022) each on another side of described template two (102) It is identical that cross section is U-shaped and described each cross section;
Described template three (103) is provided with several through holes (31) running through its height H direction, and ground (1) is upper presets column Reinforcing bar B (333), first slings described template two (102) and vertically reinforcing bar (11) moves from top to bottom, makes every vertically Reinforcing bar (11) inserts in corresponding through hole (31), then, when template three (103), template two (102) docking, and column Reinforcing bar B (333) is the most in place, and described template three (103) is mobile to template two (102) along local width W direction, Groove four (1022) and groove five (1031) is made mutually to draw close and be docking together eventually, thus by described groove four (1022) With described groove five (1031) parcel and around described column reinforcing bar B (333) and formed parcel and around described column reinforcing bar B (333) blind hole B (331);
When described parcel with after the blind hole B (331) of described column reinforcing bar B (333) is formed, from described blind hole B (331) Upper end is injected concrete thus is engaged described template three (103), template two (102), column reinforcing bar B (333).
Assembly concrete wallboard the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: described template one (101), mould Plate two (102), the height H of template three (103) they are 2.5~3.5m, and width W is 0.4~2m, described groove two (32), Groove three (1021), groove four (1022), degree of depth d of groove five (1031) they are 0.1~0.2m, described template one (101), Template two (102), the thickness D of template three (103) are 0.15~0.2m, described groove two (32), groove three (1021), At groove four (1022), groove five (1031) notch, width B is 0.08~0.14m.
Assembly concrete wallboard the most according to any one of claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: some pieces of templates one (101), template two (102), template three (103) docking arrangement formed wallboard (2), the corner of described wallboard (2) lead to Cross " L " type node connecting portion (21) connection, T-shape infall is connected by T-shape node connecting portion (22), " ten " word intersects Place is connected by " ten " font node connecting portion (23), and described " L " type node connecting portion (21) include cast-in-place in described corner Setting " L " type column (211) of " L " steel bar cage (212) in and, described T-shape node connecting portion (22) includes cast-in-place in institute State T-shape infall and in set the T-shape column (221) of T-shape steel reinforcement cage (222), described " ten " font node connecting portion (23) Including cast-in-place described " ten " word infall and in set " ten " font column (231) of " ten " font steel reinforcement cage (232), described " L " Steel bar cage (212), T-shape steel reinforcement cage (222), " ten " font steel reinforcement cage (232) respective external part are respectively protruding into and consolidate It is scheduled on the template one (101) adjacent with each described external part or template two (102) or template three (103) is internal.
Assembly concrete wallboard the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:
Column reinforcing bar A (111) in described blind hole A (33), blind hole B (331), column reinforcing bar B (333) are upper also Being provided with steel reinforcement cage A (302), steel reinforcement cage B (303) that horizontal cross stirrup reinforcing bar is constituted, described through hole is all poured into a mould in (31) There is concrete, along respective short transverse cloth from top to bottom in described template one (101), template two (102), template three (103) It is equipped with some extend along template one (101), template two (102), template three (103) respective width and be parallel to each other Transverse steel (34), the fixed built-in fitting in described transverse steel (34) one end, template one (101), template two (102), template Three (103) when splicing two-by-two, is docking together by biside plate with groove by connector, described " L " steel bar cage (212), T-shape steel reinforcement cage (222), " ten " font steel reinforcement cage (232) respective external part be respectively protruding into the groove in template Nei and with institute State transverse steel (34) to be connected by bolt (301).
6. use according to the template in the assembly concrete wallboard according to any one of claim 1-5.
7. the assemblingization building being made up of the assembly concrete wallboard according to any one of claim 1-5, it is characterised in that: Described " L " type column (211), T-shape column (221), " ten " font column (231) place are provided with template and support system, Described template and support system bottom are fixed on ground (1), described template) by through-wall bolt and disk nut and template and Fixed cross beam on support system is installed fixing, described " L " type column (211), T-shape column (221), " ten " font column (231) place be additionally provided with described template and support system with the use of sizing in template.
Assemblingization the most according to claim 7 is built, it is characterised in that: also include " L " being reinforced concrete prefabricated board Shape component (4), window hole upper component (5), window hole lower member (6), described " L " shape component (4) are provided with and run through The hole (41) of its short transverse, described " L " shape component (4) are formed along " L " shape component (4) along the side side plate of its width The arc groove (42) that short transverse extends, the closing of opposite side side plate bottom, " L " shape gap (44), described " L " are formed at top Shape component (4) is further opened with the U-shaped elongated hole (43) parallel with hole (41), two pieces " L " near the edge of gap (44) Shape component (4) parallel interval in the way of U-shaped elongated hole (43) is relative is arranged, described window hole upper component (5) is rectangle And it being internally provided with bar-mat reinforcement (51), window hole upper component (5) is stretched out at the two ends of described bar-mat reinforcement (51) along its length Outward, the two ends of described window hole upper component (5) are respectively placed on the gap (44) of " L " shape component (4) described in two pieces and institute The two ends stating bar-mat reinforcement (51) are respectively protruding in described U-shaped elongated hole (43), the height of described window hole upper component (5) Identical with the height of described gap (44), described window hole lower member (6) is that upper end closed, lower end offer longitudinal hole (61) rectangle reinforced concrete prefabricated board, vertical reinforcement (11) extends upwardly in described longitudinal hole (61), described window Hole lower member (6) is fixed with ground (1) bottom it after being arranged between two pieces of " L " shape components (4).
Assemblingization the most according to claim 8 build, it is characterised in that: described template one (101), template two (102), Template three (103) outer surface is prefabricated with heat-insulation layer the most simultaneously, and described template one (101) include adjacent with described side plate outside Wallboard (35), and the lining (36) relative with described Side fascia (35), described lining is embedded with electric wire on (36) Box, is positioned at pre-buried pipeline in through hole (31) concrete outward in the middle of described lining (36), Side fascia (35).
Assemblingization the most according to any one of claim 1 to 9 building assembly method, it is characterised in that: include as Lower step:
A, carry out executing of ground (1) according to template one (101), template two (102), the specification of template three (103) Work, and on ground (1), arrange vertical reinforcement (11);
B, require that " L " steel bar cage (212), " T " are arranged in the corner at wallboard (2) corresponding to ground (1) according to design Type infall arranges T-shape steel reinforcement cage (222), and " ten " word infall arranges " ten " font steel reinforcement cage (232);
C, supporter is set at " L " steel bar cage (212), T-shape steel reinforcement cage (222), " ten " font steel reinforcement cage (232) place It is and sets up sizing exterior sheathing;
D, assembled installation form one (101), template two (102), template three (103), some pieces of templates one (101), The docking arrangement of template two (102), template three (103) forms described wallboard (2), described " L " steel bar cage (212), " T " Steel bar cage (222), " ten " font steel reinforcement cage (232) respective external part are respectively protruding into and are fixed on and each described external part phase The template one (101) of neighbour, template two (102), template three (103) are internal;
E, use " L " shape component (4), window hole upper component (5), window hole lower member (6) arrangement formation window hole: two Block " L " shape component (4) parallel interval in the way of U-shaped elongated hole (43) is relative is arranged, described window hole upper component (5) It is arranged in above window hole and the two ends of described window hole upper component (5) are respectively placed in slitting of " L " shape component (4) described in two pieces On mouth (44), meanwhile, the two ends of described bar-mat reinforcement (51) are respectively protruding in described U-shaped elongated hole (43), described window hole Lower member (6) is arranged in below window hole and is positioned between two pieces of " L " shape components (4), described window hole lower member (6) Bottom is fixed with ground (1);
F, by top board cover described wallboard (2) top formed roof, and on described roof arrange circuit, pipeline;
G, after the periphery on described roof arranges a delineation section mould plate, for top board, " L " type node connecting portion (21), T-shape joint Point connecting portion (22), " ten " font node connecting portion (23), through hole (31), blind hole A (33), blind hole B (331), Groove, hole (41), U-shaped elongated hole (43) casting concrete;
H, on described wallboard (2) alien invasion paste heat-insulation layer;
I, swabbing, complete construction.
CN201610248779.8A 2016-04-20 2016-04-20 Assembly type concrete wall board, assembly type building and assembly method Pending CN105908965A (en)

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CN111254937A (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-06-09 李一波 Installation method of fabricated building
CN111764530A (en) * 2020-06-18 2020-10-13 中建三局绿色产业投资有限公司 Assembled partial cavity shear wall structure system

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