CN105317137B - Precast wall body, wallboard and its construction method and prefabricated panel production method - Google Patents

Precast wall body, wallboard and its construction method and prefabricated panel production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105317137B
CN105317137B CN201510659927.0A CN201510659927A CN105317137B CN 105317137 B CN105317137 B CN 105317137B CN 201510659927 A CN201510659927 A CN 201510659927A CN 105317137 B CN105317137 B CN 105317137B
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China
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reinforcement cage
steel
steel reinforcement
positioning
floor
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CN201510659927.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105317137A (en
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史世英
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史世英
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Publication of CN105317137B publication Critical patent/CN105317137B/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of precast wall body, wallboard and its construction method and prefabricated panel production methods, belong to the wall technology field of building.The precast wall body includes the steel reinforcement cage at floor, steel reinforcement cage includes lengthways main steel bar and the stirrup that is fixed in main reinforcement, the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board is fixed on the outer surface of steel reinforcement cage, equipped with stop collar and the positioning steel tube extended along main ribs length direction in steel reinforcement cage, positioning steel tube is located in stop collar, it is mutually connected between the positioning steel tube in positioning steel tube and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage at upper floor in steel reinforcement cage with positioning pipe sleeve, by being welded and fixed between steel reinforcement cage and the main reinforcement of lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage being mutually butted at upper floor, solidify in steel reinforcement cage and in the pore of positioning steel tube the concrete for having cast in situs.The precast wall body, wallboard and its construction method and prefabricated panel production method have the advantages that structurally reasonable and install convenient for rapid construction.

Description

Precast wall body, wallboard and its construction method and prefabricated panel production method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of wall, wallboard and its construction method and wallboard production methods, belong to the wall skill of building Art field.

Background technique

The method that current dwelling construction uses site operation and cast-in-place concrete, the scene of exterior wall main structure is applied Work generally will by supporting module, lay the working procedure of reinforcing bar, placing concrete demoulding again, exterior wall main structure construction finishes Afterwards, a series of a large amount of cumbersome work such as the construction of external-wall exterior insulation layer, outer decorative layer construction and interior decoration construction also to be carried out. But complete site operation has following defect: site operation program and complex management, construction cost are larger;Building waste compared with More, building yard is not easy to clean;The noise of site operation seriously affects the life and work of surrounding resident, is unfavorable for the guarantor of environment Shield;Due to being influenced by factors such as construction material, weather conditions, field management, quality of workers, site operation quality is also not easy It is guaranteed.

8 department, State Council in 2009, which dispatches a joint document, to announce scientific research in the Chinese assembled architecture of starting comprehensively and demonstrates and push away Extensively, the General Office of the State Council is about forwarding State Development and Reform Commission, notice (Office of the State Council's hair of house town and country construction portion green building action scheme (203) number), the departments such as house town and country construction put into effect a series of design standard that policy guide Speed-up Establishments promote building industrializations Change, component component, the standards system of component production plant, the prefabricated assembled concrete of the suitable industrialized production of popularization, The building systems such as steel construction accelerate development the prefabricated and mounting technology of construction project, and it is horizontal to improve building industrialization Integration ofTechnology.

Although the present residential district construction also has using the high-rise dress of reinforced concrete wall panel load-bearing, construction directly by successively docking With formula building structure, but according to the applicant understood, the unreasonable structure of existing prefabricated buildings, the insulation with wallboard is asked Modified difference causes outer layer between the cold bridge heat bridge and upper and lower level tie point weakness problem, face base of topic, particularly Side fascia seam crossing It plate cracking and the problem that falls off, structure load-bearing quake-resistant safety and builds factory and cost of a building higher the problems such as i.e. cost performance is poor is made It is not all well solved, it is therefore desirable to which the rapid and healthy of housing industrialization is supported in higher level technological innovation.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, proposing a kind of structurally reasonable and convenient for founding the factory And the precast light of product easy hoisting transportation rapid construction installation is high-strength, heat preservation, heat insulation wall, wallboard and precast wall body, wallboard With the construction method and its production method of floor.

The technical solution that the present invention proposes to solve above-mentioned technical problem first is that: a kind of precast wall body, including be set to building The steel reinforcement cage at layer place, the steel reinforcement cage include lengthways main steel bar and the stirrup that is fixed in main reinforcement, on the outer surface of the steel reinforcement cage It is fixed with the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board, the positioning steel for being equipped with stop collar in the steel reinforcement cage and extending along main ribs length direction Pipe, positioning steel tube are located in stop collar, and the positioning steel tube at upper floor in steel reinforcement cage is determined in lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage It is mutually connected between the steel pipe of position with positioning pipe sleeve, the master of steel reinforcement cage and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage being mutually butted at upper floor By being welded and fixed between muscle, the concrete for having cast in situs is solidified in the steel reinforcement cage and in the pore of positioning steel tube.

The technical solution that the present invention proposes to solve above-mentioned technical problem second is that: a kind of construction party preparing precast wall body Method, comprising the following steps:

1) precast reinforced cage in the factory: the steel reinforcement cage includes main reinforcement and the stirrup that is fixed in main reinforcement, the reinforcing bar It is fixed with the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board on the outer surface of cage, restraining position ring block is all provided in the steel reinforcement cage and along main ribs length side To the positioning steel tube of extension, the positioning steel tube is located in stop collar;

2) in-site installation of the steel reinforcement cage at every floor: the steel reinforcement cage at lower floor installs fixed casting concrete simultaneously After solidification, mutually with fixed between the positioning steel tube in positioning steel tube and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage at This floor in steel reinforcement cage Position pipe sleeve tenon inserts connection positioning, passes through between steel reinforcement cage and the main reinforcement of lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage being mutually butted at This floor It is welded and fixed;

3) wall of This floor pours: concrete pumping note jolt ramming being fixed with first on the outer surface at This floor and is exempted from It tears open in the steel reinforcement cage of heat insulation formwork and the pore of positioning steel tube, forms steel reinforcement cage concrete column after concrete setting.

Precast wall body disclosed in aforementioned present invention and its statement of the working mechanism and beneficial effect of construction method technical solution It is as follows:

The embodiment of the present invention in the prefabricated steel reinforcement cage for being equipped with positioning tubing string in the factory, while in building site by utilizing The quick tenon of positioning steel tube inserts abutting joint steel reinforcement cage, after the steel reinforcement cage at lower floor is installed fixed casting concrete and is solidified, Mutually with positioning pipe sleeve between the positioning steel tube in positioning steel tube and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage at This floor in steel reinforcement cage Connection, which is located in pore, is also injected into concrete, the master of steel reinforcement cage and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage being mutually butted at This floor By being welded and fixed between muscle, can be realized the standard component of prefabricated components, quality is reliable and stable, eliminate branch in construction, Working hour and the cost for rolling over external scaffolding and various templates, can make the making in site cast-in-place shear wall body in architectural engineering, construct The 80% of time is changed into batch production Prefabrication, so that the field operation time made is reduced to 20%, speed of application improves number Times.

The improvement of one of above-mentioned technical proposal is: the precast wall body includes prefabricated panel, and the prefabricated panel is set to steel Between the adjacent reinforcing bar cage concrete column of two formed after muscle cage casting concrete, the prefabricated panel includes what front and back was arranged Two block concrete panels are fixed with positioning steel tube column between two block concrete panels and are stained with knot filled with cement base cementitious matter Adiabator layer, two block concrete panels and adiabator layer are linked by connection pin to be fixed;It is equipped in each prefabricated panel solid It is scheduled on the collar tie beam steel pipe of the positioning steel tube top end, the collar tie beam steel pipe is equipped with perforation, and positioning steel tube column upper end does not surpass Prefabricated panel plate body out, positioning steel tube column lower end stretch out prefabricated panel plate body and by under the insertions of the perforation tenon of collar tie beam steel pipe In the steel pipe hole of positioning steel tube column in the prefabricated panel of Fang Xianglin.

The further improvement of one of above-mentioned technical proposal is: the bottom end insertion of positioning steel tube is gone downstairs in steel reinforcement cage at upper floor It positions in the positioning pipe sleeve at steel pipe top end or is threadedly coupled in layer adjacent steel reinforcement cage and be fixed in positioning pipe sleeve.

The further improvement of one of above-mentioned technical proposal is: steel reinforcement cage outer surface and lower floor adjacent steel at upper floor The gap welded between the main reinforcement for being mutually butted is equipped between the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board on muscle cage outer surface.

The further improvement of one of above-mentioned technical proposal is: steel reinforcement cage and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage at upper floor The interval for being mutually butted end and there is 50-100mm for the main reinforcement being mutually butted, and end is mutually butted equipped with stirrup.

Two variation of above-mentioned technical proposal is: further comprising the steps of after the step 3):

4) prefabricated panel is provided at every floor between adjacent reinforcing bar cage concrete column or code block is equipped with fire prevention and protects The ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage for being fixed with the second disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board is equipped with above wall made of warm brick, the wallboard or wall, it is described Ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage both ends are fixed with adjacent reinforced concrete column by bar splicing, are shelved on the ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage prefabricated Floor steel bar mesh sheet, floor steel bar mesh sheet bottom surface is provided with third disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board, in ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage and flooring Pumping is infused concrete compacted by jolting and is solidified in second, third template of reinforced mesh, successively repeatedly.

The technical solution that the present invention proposes to solve above-mentioned technical problem third is that: a kind of prefabricated panel, including front and back are set The two block concrete panels set are fixed with positioning steel tube column between two block concrete panels and are stained with filled with cement base cementitious matter The adiabator layer of knot, two block concrete panels and adiabator layer are linked by connection pin to be fixed;It is set in each prefabricated panel There is the collar tie beam steel pipe for being fixed on the positioning steel tube top end, the collar tie beam steel pipe is equipped with perforation, positioning steel tube column upper end Without departing from prefabricated panel plate body, positioning steel tube column lower end is stretched out prefabricated panel plate body and is inserted by the perforation tenon of collar tie beam steel pipe In the steel pipe hole for entering the positioning steel tube column in the adjacent prefabricated panel in lower section.

The technical solution that the present invention proposes to solve above-mentioned technical problem fourth is that: a kind of construction party preparing precast wall body Method, comprising the following steps:

1) prefabricated panel in the factory: the prefabricated panel includes the two block concrete panels that front and back is arranged, two pieces of coagulations It is fixed with positioning steel tube column between native panel and filled with adiabator layer, two block concrete panels and adiabator layer are by joining Pin connection is tied to fix;Positioning steel tube column upper end is stretched out pre- without departing from prefabricated panel plate body, positioning steel tube column lower end In the perforation of collar tie beam steel pipe or the steel pipe hole of positioning steel tube column below wallboard plate body processed and tenon insertion in adjacent prefabricated panel;

2) the building site installation of prefabricated panel: basal layer being made on ground, casing is embedded into basal layer, described Casing is correspondingly arranged with the positioning steel tube column in consecutive first layer prefabricated panel, lifts every piece of dry wall in first layer respectively Plate, so that the positioning steel tube column tenon of every piece of prefabricated panel in first layer is inserted into the pipe sleeve, in each wallboard of first layer Positioning steel tube column upper end retainer plate joist steel pipe, collar tie beam steel pipe is equipped with perforation, then, lifts adjacent with first layer second respectively Layer in every piece of prefabricated panel, so that every piece of prefabricated panel in the second layer positioning steel tube column lower end pass through lower section collar tie beam steel In the steel pipe hole for managing the positioning steel tube column of preset perforation tenon insertion first layer prefabricated panel.

Prefabricated panel disclosed in aforementioned present invention and its statement of the working mechanism and beneficial effect of construction method technical solution As follows: by being fixed with positioning steel tube column between two block concrete panels (slim non-bearing is used, and only 15-50mm is thick), (combination is held The steel pipe concrete of weight) and filled with the adiabator layer for being stained with knot by cement base cementing material, two block concrete panels and thermal insulating material The bed of material, which is coupled pin connection by high-strength (the mixing fiber) concrete of light-weight aggregate, to be fixed;It is equipped with and is fixed on after being installed on each prefabricated panel The collar tie beam steel pipe of positioning steel tube top end, collar tie beam steel pipe are equipped with perforation, and positioning steel tube column upper end is without departing from prefabricated panel plate Prefabricated panel plate body and adjacent prefabricated by the perforation tenon insertion lower section of collar tie beam steel pipe is stretched out in body, positioning steel tube column lower end Concrete is injected in pumping in the steel pipe hole of positioning steel tube column in wallboard, heat-insulation wall plate and heat preservation building can be quickly installed Plate, and in whole concrete filled steel tubular column beam combination after concrete filled steel tubular column group tenon inserts location and installation, securely and reliably.

Three variation of above-mentioned technical proposal first is that: the tube wall of the positioning steel tube column and collar tie beam steel pipe be equipped with squeeze leakage The outer wall of concrete slurry hole, the positioning steel tube column and collar tie beam steel pipe can also be wrapped up by steel wire net circle concrete slurry.

Three variation of above-mentioned technical proposal second is that: at the collar tie beam perforating steel pipe be equipped with stiffening plate, the stiffening plate Be equipped with steel pipe beam end in adjacent precast floor slab can mutually buckle buckle.

Three variation of above-mentioned technical proposal third is that: the prefabricated panel and the first heat insulation formwork for wall face It is equipped with heat dissipation dehumidifier air flue hole, the heat dissipation dehumidifier air flue hole is located at the concrete slab being set on the outside of prefabricated panel and heat preservation At the avris of concrete slab on the outside of material layer junction and prefabricated panel.

Four variation of above-mentioned technical proposal is: further comprising the steps of after the step 2:

3) the collar tie beam steel pipe in every layer of prefabricated panel after installing passes through with steel pipe beam end in adjacent precast floor slab can The mutual hook of buckle and welding or riveting pin of mutual buckle are fixed.

The technical solution that the present invention proposes to solve above-mentioned technical problem fifth is that: a kind of producer preparing prefabricated panel Method, comprising the following steps:

1) the plate body shaping mould of wallboard that round brush cleaning is located on kiln car, replace or clean with water the plate body of silica gel or resin sheet at The lower die of pattern pads;

2) the bottom surface concrete slab Ba in two block concrete panels sets the paving with steel tubular beam in positioning steel tube column or floor If: it is laid with steel grid piece and positioning steel tube column in the concrete slab of bottom surface, positioning steel tube column is equipped with more by steel pipe post jamb Road steel ring is connected and fixed with steel grid piece in the concrete slab of bottom surface;

3) merging temporary is coupled the material feeding pipe support of light aggregate concrete pin in plate body, and quantitative more point note Ba bottom panels are mixed Solidifying soil paste material;

4) amount Ba sets and quantitatively tamps pin molding in the flat adiabator layer of upper molding vibration, while to pin material feeding pore surely Expect and withdraws pipe support;

5) the facing concrete Ban Ba in two block concrete panels sets: Ba and sets reinforced mesh in facing concrete plate;

6) Liang of Dinging Zhu Ba facing concrete slurry;

7) kiln car pushing tow is served first lifting platform in kiln road by stepping,

8) lifting platform is sent into the kiln car track of multilayer curing kilns by pre-set programs layering;

9) the kiln car exit on the opposite Yao Dao is equipped with the second lifting platform for receiving kiln car and pushing up back, second lifting platform Receive dropped to after product in kiln car and mold bottom and by the road Ding Huiyao before workshop, when kiln car steps to kiln front end workshop In third lifting platform at when, third lifting platform is passed through one layer of kiln car raising by the lifting body being located in third lifting platform simultaneously Bed die product is ejected it is framed, by top grasping mechanism transfer pile.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings:

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the precast wall body of the embodiment of the present invention one.

Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of the precast wall body of the embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is the main view of the prefabricated panel of the embodiment of the present invention two.

Fig. 5 is the top view of Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is the left view of Fig. 4.

Fig. 7 is the perspective view of Fig. 4.

Fig. 8 is the assembling structure schematic diagram one of Fig. 4.

Fig. 9 is the assembling structure schematic diagram two of Fig. 4.

Figure 10 is the left view of Fig. 9.

Figure 11 is partial schematic diagram at the A of Figure 10.

Specific embodiment

Embodiment one

The precast wall body of the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, including the steel reinforcement cage being set at floor.Steel reinforcement cage packet The stirrup 2 for including lengthways main steel bar 1 and being fixed in main reinforcement is fixed with the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board 3 on the outer surface of steel reinforcement cage.Reinforcing bar Equipped with stop collar 4 and the positioning steel tube 5 extended along 1 length direction of main reinforcement in cage.

Positioning steel tube 5 is located in stop collar 4, the positioning steel tube 5 at upper floor in steel reinforcement cage and lower floor adjacent reinforcing bar It is mutually connected between positioning steel tube 5 in cage with positioning pipe sleeve, the phase of steel reinforcement cage and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage at upper floor By being welded and fixed between the main reinforcement 1 mutually docked, the coagulation for having cast in situs is solidified in steel reinforcement cage and in the pore of positioning steel tube Soil.

The precast wall body of the present embodiment includes prefabricated panel.Prefabricated panel be set to steel reinforcement cage casting concrete after formed two Between a adjacent reinforcing bar cage concrete column.Prefabricated panel includes the two block concrete panels 6 that front and back is arranged, two block concrete faces It is fixed with positioning steel tube column 7 between plate 6 and is stained with the adiabator layer 8 of knot, two block concrete faces filled with cement base cementitious matter Plate 6 and adiabator layer 8 are linked by connection pin 9 to be fixed.Pin 9 mixes fiber concrete pin using light-weight aggregate.

The collar tie beam steel pipe 10 for being fixed on 7 top of positioning steel tube column is equipped in each prefabricated panel, collar tie beam steel pipe 10 is equipped with and wears Hole, 7 upper end of positioning steel tube column without departing from prefabricated panel plate body, stretch out prefabricated panel plate body and pass through circle by 7 lower end of positioning steel tube column In the steel pipe hole of positioning steel tube column in the adjacent prefabricated panel in the perforation tenon insertion lower section of joist steel pipe 10.Collar tie beam steel pipe 10 be After prefabricated panel assembly, in-site installation 7 top of positioning steel tube column in prefabricated panel.

Positioning in lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage is inserted into the bottom end of positioning steel tube 5 in steel reinforcement cage at the upper floor of the present embodiment In the positioning pipe sleeve on 5 top of steel pipe or threaded connection is fixed in positioning pipe sleeve.

Steel reinforcement cage outer surface exempts to tear open with first on lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage outer surface at the upper floor of the present embodiment The gap welded between the main reinforcement for being mutually butted is equipped between heat insulation formwork 3.

Steel reinforcement cage and the main reinforcement 1 of lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage being mutually butted is mutual right at the upper floor of the present embodiment The interval that end has 50-100mm is connect, and is mutually butted end equipped with stirrup.Steel reinforcement cage is adjacent with lower floor at upper floor The end that is mutually butted for locating the main reinforcement 1 of steel reinforcement cage being mutually butted is made as length interval, dislocation 50-100mm and each at brachycephaly If one of stirrup, when lower layer's steel reinforcement cage, which is stretched section main reinforcement, borrows hoop guiding docking, each main reinforcement and two stirrups are accordingly contacted and are welded Jail.

First disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board 3 of the present embodiment be by pass through heat insulation formwork plate body be coupled pin and its convex section and The steel tie etc. passed through is fixed on steel reinforcement cage (shear wall) outer surface.Enhance pin the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board of series winding Three material layers and prominent inner wall 15-50mm on 3, in every square up to 3-15 diameter 60mm or so of light aggregate concrete column Pin hangs heat preservation plate body, is allowed to and the shear wall same service life.

A kind of construction method preparing precast wall body of the present embodiment, comprising the following steps:

1) precast reinforced cage in the factory: steel reinforcement cage includes main reinforcement 1 and the stirrup 2 that is fixed in main reinforcement, steel reinforcement cage it is outer The first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board 3, the positioning for being equipped with stop collar 4 in steel reinforcement cage and extending along 1 length direction of main reinforcement are fixed on surface Steel pipe 5, positioning steel tube 5 are located in stop collar 4;

2) in-site installation of the steel reinforcement cage at every floor: the steel reinforcement cage at lower floor installs fixed casting concrete simultaneously After solidification, between the positioning steel tube 5 in positioning steel tube 5 and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage at This floor in steel reinforcement cage mutually with Positioning pipe sleeve tenon is inserted connection and is positioned, at This floor between steel reinforcement cage and the main reinforcement 1 of lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage being mutually butted By being welded and fixed;

3) wall of This floor pours: concrete pumping note jolt ramming being fixed with first on the outer surface at This floor and is exempted from It tears open in the steel reinforcement cage of heat insulation formwork 3 and the pore of positioning steel tube, forms steel reinforcement cage concrete column after concrete setting.

It is further comprising the steps of after step 3) in a kind of construction method preparing precast wall body of the present embodiment:

4) prefabricated panel is provided at every floor between adjacent reinforcing bar cage concrete column or code block is equipped with fire prevention and protects The ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage for being fixed with the second disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board is equipped with above wall made of warm brick, the wallboard or wall, it is described Ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage both ends are fixed with adjacent reinforced concrete column by bar splicing, are shelved on the ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage prefabricated Floor steel bar mesh sheet, floor steel bar mesh sheet bottom surface is provided with third disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board, in ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage and flooring Pumping is infused concrete compacted by jolting and is solidified in second, third template of reinforced mesh, successively repeatedly.

Above every layer of reinforced concrete circle beam or the reinforcing bar prefabricated thermal insulation floor of settable cast-in-place walls plate is adjacent by being located at The two end hook of steel tube concrete beam of about φ 80*8mm wall thickness, which is mutually fastened and welded, in the floor of docking is fixedly connected;It can also be complete To thicker positioning tubing string be skeleton heat-insulation wall plate and tape punching steel pipe collar tie beam and heat preservation floor slab based on be quickly assembled into Light shock-proof energy-saving house.

Sheet body portion after fireproof heat insulating brick in the present embodiment assembled filling wall includes before being successively stacked setting, neutralizes, Preceding sheet body portion and rear sheet body portion are oppositely arranged, and a half portion in preceding sheet body portion and clamping median plate body portion, rear sheet body portion is simultaneously formed for card The groove of adjacent fireproof heat insulating brick is closed, another half portion in median plate body portion is stretched out at preceding sheet body portion and rear sheet body portion and formed for card Enter the tenon of adjacent fireproof heat insulating frog, each sheet body portion is formed with the cavity for penetrating through its sheet body portion top and bottom, each cavity Length direction in sheet body portion extends to the right end in the sheet body portion, clamping in each cavity from the left end in the sheet body portion where it There is insulation sheet.It is coated with≤3mm bonding mucilage between adjacent fireproof heat insulating brick ,≤5mm surface layer is coated on precast wall body.

Embodiment two

The prefabricated panel of the present embodiment is improvement on the basis of embodiment one, as shown in Fig. 4 to Figure 11, with embodiment Unlike one: the two block concrete panels 6 including front and back setting are fixed with positioning steel tube column 7 between two block concrete panels 6 And the adiabator layer 8 of knot is stained with filled with cement base cementitious matter.Two blocks of mixed face cob wall plates 6 and adiabator layer 8 are by connection column The connection of pin 9 is fixed.

The collar tie beam steel pipe 10 for being fixed on 7 top of positioning steel tube column is equipped in each prefabricated panel, collar tie beam steel pipe 10 is equipped with and wears Hole, 7 upper end of positioning steel tube column without departing from prefabricated panel plate body, stretch out prefabricated panel plate body and pass through circle by 7 lower end of positioning steel tube column In the steel pipe hole of positioning steel tube column 7 in the adjacent prefabricated panel in the perforation tenon insertion lower section of joist steel pipe 10.The two of the present embodiment Block concrete panel 6, adiabator layer 8 use the thermal insulation material of cement base, and pin 9 mixes fibre using the light-weight aggregate of diameter about φ 60 Concrete pin is tieed up, so that the same service life.Collar tie beam steel pipe 10 is after prefabricated panel assembly, and in-site installation is fixed in prefabricated panel Position 7 top of steel pipe column.

The tube wall of steel tubular beam, which is equipped with, in the positioning steel tube column 7 and collar tie beam steel pipe 10 and precast floor slab of the present embodiment squeezes leakage The outer wall of concrete slurry hole, positioning steel tube column 7 and collar tie beam steel pipe 10 can also be wrapped up by steel wire net circle concrete slurry.

Stiffening plate is equipped at 10 perforation of collar tie beam steel pipe of the present embodiment, stiffening plate is equipped with and steel in adjacent precast floor slab Pipe beam end can mutually buckle buckle 11.

The prefabricated panel of the present embodiment and be equipped on the first heat insulation formwork of wall face heat dissipation dehumidifier air flue hole, dissipate Hot dehumidifier air flue hole is located at the concrete slab 6 being set on the outside of prefabricated panel and 8 junction of adiabator layer and prefabricated panel At the avris of the concrete slab 6 in outside.

A kind of construction method preparing precast wall body of the present embodiment, comprising the following steps:

1) prefabricated panel in the factory: prefabricated panel includes the two slim non-bearings of block concrete panel 6(that front and back is arranged), Positioning steel tube column 7 is fixed between two block concrete panels 6 and filled with adiabator layer 8.Two block concrete panels 3 and guarantor Adiabator layer 8 is linked by connection pin 9 to be fixed;

Prefabricated panel plate body and tenon are stretched out without departing from prefabricated panel plate body, 7 lower end of positioning steel tube column in 7 upper end of positioning steel tube column In the perforation of collar tie beam steel pipe 10 or the steel pipe hole of positioning steel tube column 7 on the adjacent prefabricated panel in insertion lower section;

2) the building site installation of prefabricated panel: basal layer is made on ground, casing, casing are embedded into basal layer Be correspondingly arranged with the positioning steel tube column 7 in consecutive first layer prefabricated panel, respectively lift first layer in every piece of prefabricated panel, with So that 7 tenon of positioning steel tube column of every piece of prefabricated panel in first layer is inserted into pipe sleeve, the positioning steel in each wallboard of first layer 7 upper end retainer plate joist steel pipe 10 of tubing string, collar tie beam steel pipe 10 are equipped with perforation, then, lift the second layer adjacent with first layer respectively In every piece of prefabricated panel, so that every piece of prefabricated panel in the second layer 7 lower end of positioning steel tube column pass through lower section collar tie beam steel In the steel pipe hole of the positioning steel tube column 7 of the preset perforation tenon insertion first layer prefabricated panel of pipe 10.

Then it is infused in the pore of positioning steel tube column 7 of first, second layer of wallboard and the pore of collar tie beam steel pipe 10 compacted mixed Solidifying soil simultaneously makes concrete extrusion tube wall default leak mud in part be wrapped in positioning steel tube column 7,10 periphery of collar tie beam steel pipe and floor In collar tie beam wallboard reserving gaps ... ..., successively recycle.

It is further comprising the steps of after step 2) in a kind of construction method preparing precast wall body of the present embodiment:

3) the collar tie beam steel pipe 10 in every layer of prefabricated panel after installing passes through with steel pipe beam end in adjacent precast floor slab Can mutually buckle the mutual hook of buckle 11 and weld or riveting pin fix.

A kind of production method preparing prefabricated panel or floor of the present embodiment, comprising the following steps:

1) the plate body shaping mould of wallboard that round brush cleaning is located on kiln car, replace or clean with water the plate body of silica gel or resin sheet at The lower die of pattern pads;

2) the bottom surface concrete slab Ba in two block concrete panels 6 is set and steel tubular beam in positioning steel tube column 7 or floor It is laid with: being laid with steel grid piece and positioning steel tube column 7 in the concrete slab of bottom surface, positioning steel tube column 7 is equipped with by steel pipe post jamb Multiple tracks steel ring be connected and fixed with steel grid piece in the concrete slab of bottom surface;

3) merging temporary is coupled the material feeding pipe support of light aggregate concrete pin 9, quantitative more point note Ba bottom panels in plate body Concrete slurry;

4) amount Ba sets and in the flat adiabator layer of upper molding vibration surely, at the same to 9 material feeding pore of pin quantitatively tamp pin at Moulding mixture simultaneously withdraws pipe support;

5) the 6 Ba of facing concrete plate in two block concrete panels sets: Ba and sets reinforced mesh in facing concrete plate;

6) Liang of Dinging Zhu Ba facing concrete slurry;

7) kiln car pushing tow is served first lifting platform in hydrothermal curing kiln road by stepping,

8) lifting platform is sent into closed (except bottom one or two layers respectively set high about 0.5 meter of kiln car by pre-set programs layering Out, remaining outer kiln road, that is, kiln car rail gantry of import is carried out with thermal insulation material packet entirely) the kiln car tracks of multilayer curing kilns;

9) the kiln car exit on the opposite Yao Dao is equipped with the second lifting platform for receiving kiln car and pushing up back, second lifting platform Receive dropped to after product in kiln car and mold bottom and by the road Ding Huiyao before workshop, when kiln car steps to kiln front end workshop In third lifting platform at when, third lifting platform is passed through one layer of kiln car raising by the lifting body being located in third lifting platform simultaneously Bed die product is ejected it is framed, by top grasping mechanism transfer pile.

The present invention is not limited to the above embodiment.All technical solutions formed using equivalent replacement, are all fallen within the present invention and wanted The protection scope asked.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of precast wall body, including the steel reinforcement cage being set at floor, it is characterised in that: precast reinforced cage in the factory, it is described Steel reinforcement cage includes lengthways main steel bar and the stirrup that is fixed in main reinforcement, is fixed with the first disassembly-free heat-insulation on the outer surface of the steel reinforcement cage Template, the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board are to be coupled pin and its convex section and the drawknot passed through by passing through heat insulation formwork plate body Reinforcing bar is fixed on steel reinforcement cage outer surface, equipped with stop collar and the positioning extended along main ribs length direction in the steel reinforcement cage Steel pipe, positioning steel tube are located in stop collar;In positioning steel tube and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage at upper floor in steel reinforcement cage It is mutually connected between positioning steel tube with positioning pipe sleeve, steel reinforcement cage and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage is mutually butted at upper floor By being welded and fixed between main reinforcement, the concrete for having cast in situs is solidified in the steel reinforcement cage and in the pore of positioning steel tube.
2. precast wall body as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the bottom end of positioning steel tube is inserted into steel reinforcement cage at upper floor It positions in the positioning pipe sleeve at steel pipe top end or is threadedly coupled in lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage and be fixed in positioning pipe sleeve.
3. precast wall body as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: steel reinforcement cage outer surface and lower floor adjacent at upper floor The gap welded between the main reinforcement for being mutually butted is equipped between the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board on steel reinforcement cage outer surface.
4. precast wall body as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: steel reinforcement cage and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage at upper floor The main reinforcement being mutually butted the interval for being mutually butted end and there is 50-100mm, and be mutually butted end equipped with stirrup, on The end that is mutually butted for the main reinforcement of steel reinforcement cage and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage being mutually butted is made as length interval, mistake at floor Position 50-100mm simultaneously respectively sets one of stirrup at brachycephaly, when lower layer's steel reinforcement cage, which is stretched section main reinforcement, borrows hoop guiding docking, each master Muscle and two stirrups are accordingly contacted and are welded.
5. a kind of construction method for preparing precast wall body as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
1) precast reinforced cage in the factory: the steel reinforcement cage includes main reinforcement and the stirrup that is fixed in main reinforcement, the steel reinforcement cage It is fixed with the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board on outer surface, restraining position ring block is all provided in the steel reinforcement cage and prolongs along main ribs length direction The positioning steel tube stretched, the positioning steel tube are located in stop collar;
2) in-site installation of the steel reinforcement cage at every floor: the steel reinforcement cage at lower floor is installed fixed casting concrete and is solidified Afterwards, mutually with positioning pipe between the positioning steel tube in the positioning steel tube at This floor in steel reinforcement cage and lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage It covers tenon and inserts connection positioning, pass through welding between steel reinforcement cage and the main reinforcement of lower floor adjacent steel reinforcement cage being mutually butted at This floor It is fixed;
3) wall of This floor pours: concrete pumping note jolt ramming being fixed with first on the outer surface at This floor and exempts to tear guarantor open In the steel reinforcement cage of warm template and the pore of positioning steel tube, steel reinforcement cage concrete column is formed after concrete setting.
6. the construction method of precast wall body as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: further include following step after the step 3) It is rapid:
4) prefabricated panel is provided at every floor between adjacent reinforcing bar cage concrete column or code block is equipped with fireproof heat insulating brick The ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage for being fixed with the second disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board, the collar tie beam are equipped with above manufactured wall, the wallboard or wall Steel reinforcement cage both ends are fixed with adjacent reinforced concrete column by bar splicing, are shelved with prefabricated building on the ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage Face reinforced mesh, floor steel bar mesh sheet bottom surface is provided with third disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board, in ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage and floor steel bar Pumping is infused concrete compacted by jolting and is solidified in second, third template of mesh sheet, successively repeatedly.
CN201510659927.0A 2015-10-14 2015-10-14 Precast wall body, wallboard and its construction method and prefabricated panel production method CN105317137B (en)

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