CN106639068B - Support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall and construction method thereof, and manufacturing method of wall form veneer and non-bearing infilled wall - Google Patents

Support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall and construction method thereof, and manufacturing method of wall form veneer and non-bearing infilled wall Download PDF

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CN106639068B
CN106639068B CN201710048723.2A CN201710048723A CN106639068B CN 106639068 B CN106639068 B CN 106639068B CN 201710048723 A CN201710048723 A CN 201710048723A CN 106639068 B CN106639068 B CN 106639068B
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wall
reinforcement cage
special
formwork
shaped column
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CN106639068A (en
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史世英
史炯一
濮梓闻
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8647Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with ties going through the forms

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Abstract

The invention relates to a support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall, a construction method thereof and manufacturing methods of a wall form veneer and a non-bearing infilled wall, and belongs to the technical field of walls for fixing buildings. This wall mould infilled wall includes wall mould and dysmorphism post steel reinforcement cage, the wall mould includes wall mould steel reinforcement cage, all be fixed with on the side of wall mould steel reinforcement cage and dysmorphism post steel reinforcement cage and adjust the pole and all be equipped with removable pipe piece frame, the upper and lower both ends of wall mould steel reinforcement cage and dysmorphism post steel reinforcement cage are fixed with the plug-in components respectively, the pipe piece frame includes the frame, panel and template, the side department setting of the adjacent wall mould steel reinforcement cage of template and dysmorphism post steel reinforcement cage, it passes the frame and installs the regulating part of adjustable and fixed pipe piece frame to adjust pole one end, all cast in situ concrete in wall mould steel reinforcement cage and the dysmorphism post steel reinforcement cage. The support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall and the construction method thereof as well as the manufacturing methods of the wall form veneer and the non-bearing infilled wall have the advantages of short construction period and low manufacturing cost.

Description

Support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall and construction method thereof, and manufacturing method of wall form veneer and non-bearing infilled wall
Technical Field
The invention relates to a support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall and a construction method thereof, and a wall form veneer and a manufacturing method of a non-bearing infilled wall, belonging to the technical field of walls of fixed buildings.
Background
The total quantity of the prefabricated buildings in Shanghai city is listed at the front of the whole country, and the total quantity of the prefabricated buildings in Shanghai city exceeds 1000 ten thousand square meters between 3 years from 2013 to 2015, the prefabrication rates are 15% \8599, 30% \8599and40%, the total quantity of the buildings is 140 ten thousand square meters \8599, 312 ten thousand square meters 8599and 600 ten thousand square meters, and the buildings are turned over almost year by year.
However, as far as the applicant knows, in the main construction, compared with the traditional construction, the assembly construction of the existing assembly type building structural member has the following construction period: the height of the multilayer (6 layers) is increased for 15 days, and the height of the high layer (30 layers) is increased for 90 days. In addition, compared with the traditional construction, the construction cost of each square meter of the existing fabricated building is 30 percent higher.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of the prior art and provides a support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall with short construction period and low manufacturing cost, a construction method thereof and a manufacturing method of a wall form veneer and a non-bearing infilled wall.
One of the technical solutions proposed by the present invention to solve the above technical problems is: the utility model provides a cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of exempting from support, includes the wall mould and fixes at this wall mould one end or two ends and be used for connecting the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage of adjacent wall mould, the wall mould includes the wall mould steel reinforcement cage that comprises the double-phase reinforcing bar net piece that sets up relatively and the drawknot muscle of connecting two fixed reinforcing bar net pieces, all be fixed with the regulation pole on the side of wall mould steel reinforcement cage and special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage, the upper and lower both ends of wall mould steel reinforcement cage and special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage are fixed with respectively and are used for with adjacent upper and lower floor wall mould steel reinforcement cage and the inserting of special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage counterpoint card, all be equipped with removable pipe sheet frame on the both sides face of wall mould steel reinforcement cage and special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage, the pipe sheet frame includes the frame, fixes panel and fixes the template on the frame, the side department setting of adjacent wall mould steel reinforcement cage and special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage of template, regulation pole one end passes the frame and installs the adjustable regulating part with the pipe sheet frame, all cast-in-place in wall mould steel reinforcement cage and special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage.
The effect of the invention adopting the technical scheme is as follows: when the cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form of the upper floor is installed, the special-shaped column reinforcement cage for connecting the adjacent wall forms can be fixed at one end or two ends of the wall form, and the wall form reinforcement cage and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage are clamped on the convex shafts or clamping sleeves of the wall form reinforcement cage of the lower floor and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage; the detachable duct piece frame is hung on two outer side surfaces of a wall mould steel reinforcement cage, a special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage and a non-bearing filling wall piece before leaving a factory, the verticality of the wall mould and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage is adjusted through a duct piece frame adjusting rod (the skewness of the upper end of the wall piece after being hung by a clamping sleeve convex shaft is smaller than 20% before being adjusted, namely the upper end of a 3-meter high wall piece is adjusted to be within 6cm in advance), then the lower pipe sleeve of the wall mould and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage is fixedly arranged on the wall mould of a lower floor and the convex shaft or the clamping sleeve of the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage to ensure that the axial displacement of the wall piece is less than or equal to 3mm, and finally concrete is cast in situ in the wall mould steel reinforcement cage and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage, so that the full-site cast-in-situ concrete wall mould can be called as a full-situ cast-in-situ concrete wall mould, a large number of floor slab binding, supporting plates, floor slab supporting and floor slab supporting floor slab supporting (or time-standing and curing) and other complex processes and quality problems caused by the construction period caused by the construction can be avoided.
The improvement of one of the above technical schemes is as follows: the formwork is a thick formwork provided with a plurality of through holes or a thin formwork made of resin fibers or engineering plastics which are not sticky to the formwork, the through holes of the thick formwork penetrate through two opposite side surfaces of the thick formwork, the thickness of the thick formwork is 4-15mm, and the thick formwork is hung on a pipe sheet frame panel and is respectively fixed with a full cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall body formed by a wall formwork reinforcement cage or a special-shaped column reinforcement cage into a whole through cast-in-place concrete extruded into the through holes.
One of the perfections of the technical scheme is as follows: the insertion piece is a clamping sleeve and a convex shaft which can be mutually inserted or two clamping sleeves and a movable convex shaft of which two ends can extend into the clamping sleeve.
The second improvement of the above technical scheme is that: the reinforcing steel bar grid sheet is a grid sheet prefabricated by main and auxiliary reinforcing steel bars arranged in the longitudinal and transverse directions; the inserting piece is fixed on main and auxiliary reinforcements in the reinforcing steel bar grid pieces at the upper end and the lower end of the wall formwork reinforcing steel bar cage; the adjusting rods or the tie bars are fixed on main and auxiliary steel bars or cross-shaped intersection points in the steel bar grid sheets.
The third improvement of one of the above technical schemes is: the pipe piece frame is formed by splicing a plurality of pipe piece frames, and the pipe piece frame is provided with a corner cover pipe positioned on the outer side surface of the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage; the axis offset of the upper end and the lower end of the wall formwork and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage and the axis offset of the upper-layer wall film filled wall and the lower-layer wall film filled wall formed after the adjacent upper-layer wall formwork and the adjacent lower-layer steel reinforcement cage are aligned and inserted are less than or equal to 3mm; the panel of the pipe sheet frame is a reinforcing mesh; the special-shaped column reinforcement cage is a one-shaped, L-shaped or T-shaped reinforcement cage consisting of two reinforcement grid sheets and tie bars.
The second technical scheme provided by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the utility model provides a cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of exempting from support, includes the wall form and fixes at this wall form one end or two ends and be used for connecting the special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing infilled wall of adjacent wall form, the wall form includes relative two wall form veneers that set up and locates the hollow layer between two wall form veneers, the wall form veneer is fixed by the reinforcing bar net piece and prefabricates in the concrete and forms, be equipped with the reservation through-hole on the wall form veneer, be equipped with the drawknot muscle in the hollow layer, the drawknot muscle stretch into in the reservation through-hole of two wall form veneers and the reinforcing bar net piece in the wall form veneer is connected fixedly in order to form wall form steel reinforcement cage, all be fixed with the regulation pole on the side of wall form veneer and special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage, the upper and lower both ends of wall form veneer and special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage are fixed with being used for with adjacent upper and lower floor wall form veneer and the insertion piece of special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage counterpoint card respectively, all be equipped with the detachable pipe holder on the both sides face of wall form veneer and special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage, the pipe holder includes that frame, panel and the panel are fixed on the frame, the panel of panel on the wall form veneer or the adjacent hollow-shaped post formwork passes the one end of the adjustable pole and the hollow-shaped post steel reinforcement cage, and the adjustable steel reinforcement frame, and the hollow layer steel reinforcement frame, and all install the hollow layer steel reinforcement frame.
The effect of the invention adopting the technical scheme is as follows: when the cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form of the upper floor is installed, the special-shaped column reinforcement cage for connecting the adjacent wall forms can be fixed at one end or two ends of the wall form, and the wall form (through the wall form veneer) and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage are correspondingly clamped on the wall form of the lower floor and a convex shaft or a clamping sleeve of the special-shaped column reinforcement cage; the duct piece frame is hung on the wall formwork single plate and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage or the side surface of a non-bearing filling wall before leaving a factory, the perpendicularity of the row of wall formwork, the special-shaped column reinforcement cage and the non-bearing filling wall or the beam formwork is adjusted through the adjusting rod, then the wall formwork or the special-shaped column reinforcement cage is fixedly fixed on the convex shaft or the clamping sleeve of the lower floor, and finally concrete is cast in situ in the hollow layer and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage, so that the semi-full cast-in-situ reinforced concrete wall formwork can be called, the complex processes of binding the reinforcement cage, the supporting template and the supporting strips thereof on site and a large number of floor braces (or waiting for the solidification of cast-in-situ floor slabs) and the quality problems caused by the complex processes are avoided, and meanwhile, the duct piece frame is firmly installed, and has the advantages of short construction period and low manufacturing cost.
The second improvement of the above technical scheme is: the reinforcing steel bar grid sheet is a grid sheet prefabricated by main and auxiliary reinforcing steel bars arranged in the longitudinal and transverse directions; the ends of the main and auxiliary reinforcing steel bars of the grid sheet extend out of the wall formwork veneer.
The second technical proposal is further improved as follows: the formwork is a thin formwork or a thick formwork which is positioned on a panel of a pipe sheet frame at the side face of the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage, the thickness of the thick formwork is 4-15mm, the thin formwork is a thin steel plate with the thickness of more than or equal to 0.5mm or a thin plate which is not sticky with mould resin fiber, the thick formwork is provided with a plurality of through holes which penetrate through two opposite side faces of the thick formwork, and the thick formwork is fixedly integrated with the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage through full cast-in-place concrete extruded into the through holes.
The second technical proposal is further improved as follows: the diameter of the reserved through hole is 20-80mm.
One of the perfections of the second technical scheme is as follows: the inserting piece is a clamping sleeve and a convex shaft which can be mutually inserted or two clamping sleeves and a movable convex shaft of which two ends can extend into the clamping sleeve.
The second improvement of the second technical scheme is as follows: the reinforcing steel bar grid sheet is a grid sheet prefabricated by main and auxiliary reinforcing steel bars arranged in the longitudinal and transverse directions; the inserting piece is fixed on main and auxiliary reinforcements in the reinforcing steel bar grid pieces at the upper end and the lower end of the wall formwork reinforcing steel bar cage; the adjusting rods or the tie bars are fixed on main and auxiliary steel bars or cross-shaped intersection points in the steel bar grid sheets.
The third improvement of the second technical scheme is that: the pipe piece frame is formed by splicing a plurality of pipe piece frames, and the pipe piece frame is provided with a corner cover pipe positioned on the outer side surface of the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage; the axis offset of the upper and lower ends of the wall form and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage and the axis offset of the upper and lower layer wall film filled wall formed after the adjacent upper and lower layer wall form and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage are aligned and inserted is less than or equal to 3mm; the panel of the pipe sheet frame is a steel mesh; the special-shaped column reinforcement cage is a one-shaped, L-shaped or T-shaped reinforcement cage consisting of two reinforcement grid sheets and tie bars.
The third technical scheme provided by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a construction method of a support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall mold infilled wall is adopted to carry out construction, and comprises the following steps:
1) Before the wall mold, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall are hoisted, the duct piece is erected and arranged on the two outer side surfaces of the assembled wall mold, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall,
2) Install the wall mould that first floor has special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage:
fixing a convex shaft or a clamping sleeve on the foundation according to a set distance, then sequentially hoisting wall forms with special-shaped column reinforcement cages, fixedly connecting two adjacent wall forms through the special-shaped column reinforcement cages, and clamping the wall forms and shaft sleeves or convex shafts at the lower ends of the special-shaped column reinforcement cages on the convex shaft or the clamping sleeve on the foundation;
adjusting the perpendicularity of the just-hoisted wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall by adjusting the rod to adjust the pipe sheet frame, then connecting the pipe sheet frames on the other formwork walls with the pipe sheet frames on the adjusted wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall, adjusting the perpendicularity of the wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall by adjusting the rod to adjust the pipe sheet frames, and then fixing the insertion parts at the lower ends of the wall formwork and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage on a convex shaft or a clamping sleeve on the foundation firmly;
hoisting a beam formwork reinforcement cage on the non-bearing filling wall, finally pumping concrete, and filling each wall formwork and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage in the first floor to form the cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall formwork filling wall;
3) Install the light-duty floor of second floor and have the wall mould of special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage:
hoisting a second floor slab or laying the second floor slab or the non-demolition mould on a pipe sheet frame of a wall body of the next floor, respectively connecting and fixing the second floor slab, the overhanging steel bars in the non-demolition mould or the hidden beam steel pipes in the floor with a wall mould in the first floor and the beam mould steel bar cage at the upper end of the upper extending main bar or the non-bearing filling wall of the special-shaped column steel bar cage,
then, sequentially hoisting the wall formwork with the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage of the second floor, fixedly connecting two adjacent wall formworks through the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage, and correspondingly clamping the wall formwork and the inserting pieces at the lower ends of the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage on the wall formwork of the first floor and a convex shaft or a clamping sleeve on the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage;
adjusting the verticality of the pipe sheet frame by adjusting the adjusting rods to adjust the verticality of the just-hoisted wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall, then connecting the pipe sheet frames on the other formwork walls with the pipe sheet frames on the aligned wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall, adjusting the verticality of the pipe sheet frame by adjusting the adjusting rods to adjust the verticality of the wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall, and then firmly fixing the inserting pieces at the lower ends of the wall formwork and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage on the second layer with the corresponding convex shafts or clamping sleeves on the wall formwork and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage on the first floor;
hoisting the beam formwork reinforcement cage on the non-bearing filling wall, finally pumping concrete, and filling all wall formworks and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage in the second floor to form the cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall formwork filling wall;
4) And hoisting and fixing the third floor light floor slab or the form removal-free wall form and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage, and repeatedly circulating to the top floor.
The third improvement of the above technical scheme is: in said steps 1), 2) and 3),
firstly, a wall formwork, a special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage and a non-bearing filler wall in the middle of each floor are installed, a cross diagonal brace is arranged in only the middle of each floor, then the wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage and the non-bearing filler wall in the middle of each floor are connected with one another, adjusting rods are used for adjusting pipe sheet frames so as to adjust the verticality of the wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall, then the wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall are reinforced and fixed by the cross diagonal brace, and finally, the wall formwork is installed in the middle of each adjacent floor in a left-right and left-right mode.
The fourth technical proposal is that: the construction method of the support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall mold infilled wall adopts the support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall mold infilled wall for construction, and comprises the following steps:
1) The method comprises the following steps that two opposite steel bar grid pieces are arranged on a pedestal and are fixedly connected through tie bars to form a wall formwork steel bar cage, a special-shaped column steel bar cage for connecting adjacent wall formworks is fixed at one end or two ends of the wall formwork steel bar cage, a mould core is arranged between the two opposite steel bar grid pieces in three sections from bottom to top, a bolt hole and a bolt which are connected with the mould core adjacent to the upper end and the lower end of each mould core in an aligned mode are arranged at the two ends of the upper end and the lower end of the mould core, and the ends of main steel bars and auxiliary steel bars of the steel bar grid pieces extend out of the wall formwork;
2) Adjusting rods are fixed on the side surfaces of the wall formwork reinforcement cage and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage, templates which are as high as the wall formwork reinforcement cage and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage in height are arranged on the two sides of the wall formwork reinforcement cage and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage, duct pieces are erected on the two outer side surfaces of the wall formwork reinforcement cage or the special-shaped column reinforcement cage, and a wall formwork single plate cavity is formed between the templates and a mold core;
3) Pouring concrete in the single-plate cavity of the wall mold, compacting, then conveying the wall mold into a multi-rail type wet and hot curing room for curing to form the wall mold, and then removing the mold core to form a hollow layer;
4) And (5) installing wall forms of all floors, and fully casting concrete in the hollow layer and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage.
The fifth technical scheme provided by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: a method for manufacturing the wall mold veneer adopts a pressure vibration molding machine and a multi-station automatic production line:
the multi-station automatic production line comprises eight stations in sequence: 1) Lifting the bottom layer, namely lifting the product from the bottom die of the curing room, and pushing the empty bottom die to the No. 2 position; 2) Pausing the station of the empty bottom die; 3) Cleaning and brushing a bottom die station; 4) A pad film or a release agent spraying station is arranged in an auxiliary mode; 5) A steel bar net piece station is arranged, steel pipe sections with the thickness similar to that of the wall formwork and the diameter of about 40 are arranged at a plurality of positions on the net, or through holes with the diameter of about 20-80 are formed when the steel bars are removed after being temporarily clamped on the steel bars, so that the tie bars can be connected in a penetrating way; 6) A mould frame station is connected; 7) Laying concrete stations on a bottom die in a die frame; 8) And after eight stations are stepped, the formed wall mold single plate enters an automatic production line of a plate conveying lifter of a curing room, and each wall mold single plate is subjected to damp-heat curing and offline for 12 hours in a tunnel type curing room with 68 +/-8 degrees.
The sixth technical solution provided by the present invention for solving the above technical problems is: a manufacturing method of a non-bearing infilled wall comprises the following steps:
1) Firstly, mixing 0-10mm solid waste residues or coal ash into cement with the volume being less than or equal to 20 percent, adding a proper amount of water, uniformly stirring, quantitatively distributing the mixture into a steel mould cavity of a building block with the hollow rate being more than or equal to 48 percent, pressing and molding an upper mould and a lower mould by using a hydraulic pressure of 250-150 kilograms per square meter c, and grabbing a plurality of blocks onto a block arranging platform by using a special manipulator after wet-heat curing;
2) Arranging the main blocks and the half blocks according to the vertical seam staggered stacking sequence of the upper leather block and the lower leather block, coating the cementing agent with the thickness of less than 3mm on the wall ribs of the blocks, grabbing and moving a plurality of rows of blocks coated with the cementing agent on the block arranging platform to the upper side of the wall arranging pedestal for alignment by a wall arranging manipulator, descending the manipulator, and opening the clamping mechanism and returning the clamping mechanism when the lower end of the block touches the lower leather block and reaches a set thrust so as to extrude and uniformly distribute the cementing agent coated at the end of the upper leather block or the lower leather block.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall with a special-shaped column reinforcement cage at two ends and a pipe rack at two sides according to a first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 isbase:Sub>A sectional viewbase:Sub>A-base:Sub>A of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the tube sheet rack of fig. 1.
FIG. 4 is a structural view of a triple non-load-bearing infill wall in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention
Fig. 5 is a side view of fig. 4.
Detailed Description
Example one
The support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of the embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, comprises a wall form 1 and a deformed column reinforcement cage 2 fixed at one end or two ends of the wall form and used for connecting adjacent wall forms.
The wall form 1 comprises a wall form reinforcement cage 5 which is composed of two oppositely arranged reinforcement grid pieces 3 and a tie bar 4 for connecting and fixing the two reinforcement grid pieces.
Adjusting rods are fixed on the side faces of the wall formwork reinforcement cage 5 and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2. The upper end and the lower end of the wall formwork steel reinforcement cage 5 and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 are respectively fixed with an inserting piece 6 which is used for being aligned and inserted with the adjacent upper and lower wall formwork steel reinforcement cage 5 and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2. The inserting piece 6 is a cutting sleeve and a convex shaft which can be inserted into each other or two cutting sleeves and a movable convex shaft of which two ends can extend into the cutting sleeve, and the like.
And detachable pipe sheet frames 7 are arranged on the two side surfaces of the wall formwork reinforcement cage 5 and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2. As shown in fig. 3, the segment holder 7 includes a frame 71, a face plate 72 fixed to the frame 71, and a template fixed to the face plate. The side faces of the wall formwork reinforcement cage 5 adjacent to the formwork and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2 are arranged. One end of the adjusting rod penetrates through the frame 71 and is provided with an adjusting piece capable of adjusting and fixing the pipe piece frame 7, and concrete is cast in situ in the wall formwork reinforcement cage 5 and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2. The adjusting rod can be a screw rod, a polished rod or a pulling rib 4 with two ends extending out, etc. The adjustment member may be a nut or a tie member, or the like.
The template of the embodiment is a thick template provided with a plurality of through holes or a thin template made of resin fibers or engineering plastics which are not sticky to the mold. The through holes of the thick template penetrate through two opposite side surfaces of the thick template, the thickness of the thick template is 4-15mm, and the thick template is hung on the panel 72 of the pipe sheet frame 7 and is respectively fixed with the full cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall formed by the wall template reinforced steel cage 5 or the special-shaped column reinforced steel cage 2 into a whole through cast-in-place concrete extruded into the through holes. The thick template can be a concrete fiber-doped strong-pressure molded template.
The reinforcing steel bar grid sheet 3 of the embodiment is a grid sheet prefabricated by main and auxiliary reinforcing steel bars arranged in the longitudinal and transverse directions (plate bodies are extended from the end heads). The inserting parts 6 (convex shaft and pipe sleeve) are fixed on the main and auxiliary bars in the reinforcing bar grid pieces 3 at the upper and lower ends of the wall formwork reinforcing cage 5. The adjusting rod or the tie bar 4 is fixed on the main and auxiliary steel bars or the cross-shaped intersection point in the steel bar grid sheet 3.
The segment holder 7 of the present embodiment is a plurality of segment holders that can be spliced to each other. And a corner cover pipe positioned on the outer side surface of the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2 is arranged on the pipe sheet frame 7. The axle center deviation of the upper and lower layer wall film filled wall formed after the upper and lower ends of the wall formwork 1 and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 are inserted with the adjacent upper and lower layer wall formwork 1 and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 in an aligning and clamping way is less than or equal to 3mm. The face sheet 72 of the duct rack is a mesh reinforcement. The special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2 is a one-shaped, L-shaped or T-shaped reinforcement cage composed of two reinforcement grid pieces 3 and tie bars 4, and the like.
When the duct piece frame 7 is used on two sides of a reinforcement cage without precast concrete, thick templates can be abandoned, and the duct piece frame and the thin templates can be directly used for blocking to manufacture the full cast-in-place reinforced concrete beam and column (shear wall).
Example two
The support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall mold infilled wall of the embodiment is an improvement on the basis of the first embodiment, and is different from the first embodiment in that: comprises a wall form 1 and a special-shaped column reinforcement cage or a non-bearing filler wall 9 which is fixed at one end or two ends of the wall form and is used for connecting adjacent wall forms.
The wall form 1 comprises two wall form veneers 8 which are arranged oppositely and a hollow layer arranged between the two wall form veneers 8. The wall form veneer 8 is prefabricated by fixing the steel bar mesh 3 in concrete. The wall form veneer 8 is provided with a reserved through hole, and the diameter of the reserved through hole is 20-80mm.
The hollow layer is internally provided with a tie bar 4. The tie bars 4 extend into the reserved through holes of the two wall formwork single plates 8 and are fixedly connected with the steel bar gridding sheets 3 in the wall formwork single plates to form a wall formwork steel bar cage 5. All be fixed with the regulation pole on the side of wall mould veneer 8 and special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage 2, the upper and lower both ends of wall mould veneer 8 and special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage 2 are fixed with respectively and are used for with adjacent upper and lower floor wall mould veneer 8 and the inserting 6 of 2 counterpoint card insertions of special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage, all are equipped with removable pipe rack 7 on the both sides face of wall mould veneer 8 and special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage 2.
The side of the wall formwork single plate 8 adjacent to the formwork or the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 is provided, one end of the adjusting rod penetrates through the frame 71 and is provided with an adjusting piece capable of adjusting and fixing the pipe sheet frame 7, and concrete is cast in situ in the hollow layer and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2.
The reinforcing steel bar mesh sheet 3 of the embodiment is a mesh sheet prefabricated by main and auxiliary reinforcing steel bars arranged in the longitudinal and transverse directions. The ends of the main and auxiliary reinforcing steel bars of the grid sheet extend out of the wall formwork veneer.
The template of the embodiment is a thin template or a thick template which is positioned on a panel 72 of a duct piece frame 7 at the side surface of the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2, the thick template is 4-15mm thick, the thin template is a thin steel plate with the thickness of more than or equal to 0.5mm or a thin resin fiber plate which is not sticky with a mold, the thick template is provided with a plurality of through holes which penetrate through two opposite side surfaces of the thick template, and the thick template is fixedly integrated with the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 through full cast-in-place concrete extruded into the through holes.
EXAMPLE III
The construction method of the support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of the embodiment adopts the support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of the embodiment one and the embodiment two to carry out construction, and comprises the following steps:
1) Before the wall formwork 1 and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2 or the non-bearing filler wall 9 are hoisted, the pipe sheet frame 7 is hung on two outer side surfaces of the assembled wall formwork 1, the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2 or the non-bearing filler wall 9 (shown in figures 4 and 5),
2) Install wall mould 1 that first floor has special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage 2:
fixing a convex shaft or a clamping sleeve on a foundation according to a set distance, then sequentially hoisting wall forms 1 with special-shaped column reinforcement cages 2, fixedly connecting two adjacent wall forms 1 through the special-shaped column reinforcement cages 2, and clamping shaft sleeves or convex shafts at the lower ends of the wall forms 1 and the special-shaped column reinforcement cages 2 on the convex shaft or the clamping sleeve on the foundation;
adjusting the perpendicularity of the just-hoisted wall formwork 1, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 or the non-bearing filler wall 9 by adjusting the rod to adjust the pipe sheet frame 7 on the other formwork walls, connecting the pipe sheet frames 7 on the adjusted wall formwork 1, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 or the non-bearing filler wall 9, adjusting the perpendicularity of the wall formwork 1, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 or the non-bearing filler wall 9 by adjusting the rod to adjust the pipe sheet frames, and fixing the inserting piece 6 at the lower ends of the wall formwork 1 and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 on a convex shaft or a clamping sleeve on the foundation firmly;
hoisting a beam form reinforcement cage (or presetting the beam form reinforcement cage before leaving a factory) on the non-bearing infilled wall 9, finally pumping concrete, and filling each wall form 1 and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2 in the first floor to form the cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall except for a common pouring section with the upper part of 50cm and the upper layer provided with reinforcing ribs;
3) Install second floor light floor and have wall mould 1 of special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage 2:
hoisting a second floor slab or placing a detachment-free formwork on a segment frame 7 of a wall body of the next floor, and connecting and fixing the second floor slab, the overhanging steel bars in the detachment-free formwork or the hidden beam steel pipes in the floor with the wall formwork 1 in the first floor and the upwards extending main steel bars of the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 or the beam formwork steel reinforcement cage at the upper end of the non-bearing filler wall 9 respectively;
the floor slab is a light weight floor slab which has the bearing capacity of 160mm thickness, light weight, fire resistance, sound insulation and heat preservation and is produced by replacing only an upper die and three sets of recycled die frames on a wall die veneer production line, wherein the upper layer and the lower layer are reinforced mesh concrete slabs with the thickness of 40mm, the middle layer is a sound insulation and heat preservation layer with the thickness of 80mm, each cubic unit weight is less than or equal to 600kg, reinforced concrete connecting columns with the diameter of 60-80 multiplied by 2.5mm and the wall thickness multiplied by 110mm in the steel bar grids in the bottom plate body of the connecting surface are arranged in the three layers, and each square is at least 3.
Then, wall forms 1 with special-shaped column reinforcement cages 2 on a second floor are hoisted in sequence, two adjacent wall forms 1 are fixedly connected through the special-shaped column reinforcement cages 2, and the wall forms 1 and insertion pieces 6 at the lower ends of the special-shaped column reinforcement cages 2 are correspondingly clamped on convex shafts or clamping sleeves on the wall forms 1 and the special-shaped column reinforcement cages 2 on the first floor;
adjusting the verticality of the pipe sheet frame 7 to adjust the just hoisted wall formwork 1, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 or the non-bearing filler wall 9 by adjusting a rod, then connecting the pipe sheet frames 7 on the other formwork walls with the pipe sheet frames 7 on the wall formwork 1, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 or the non-bearing filler wall 9 after the adjustment, adjusting the verticality of the pipe sheet frames to adjust the wall formwork 1, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 or the non-bearing filler wall 9 by adjusting the rod, and then firmly fixing the insertion piece 6 at the lower ends of the wall formwork 1 and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2 of the second layer with the corresponding convex shaft or the clamping sleeve on the wall formwork 1 of the first floor and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2;
hoisting a beam formwork reinforcement cage on the non-bearing infilled wall 9, finally pumping concrete, and filling each wall formwork 1 and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2 in the second floor to form the cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall formwork infilled wall;
4) Then hoisting and fixing a third floor light floor slab or a non-dismantling mould and a wall mould 1 and a special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2, and repeatedly circulating to the top floor.
In this example, in steps 1), 2) and 3),
firstly, a wall formwork 1, a special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2 and a non-bearing filler wall 9 in the middle of each floor are installed, a cross diagonal brace is arranged in only the middle of each floor, then the wall formwork 1, the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2 and the non-bearing filler wall 9 in the middle of each floor are connected with each other, a pipe sheet frame 7 is adjusted by an adjusting rod to adjust the verticality of the wall formwork 1, the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2 or the non-bearing filler wall 9, then the wall formwork is reinforced and fixed by the cross diagonal brace, and finally, the wall formwork 1 is installed in an adjacent middle of each floor in a left-right unfolding mode.
Example four
The construction method of the support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of the embodiment II is used for construction, and comprises the following steps:
1) Two opposite steel bar grid sheets 3 are arranged on the pedestal and are connected and fixed through tie bars to form a wall formwork steel bar cage 5. The wall mold infilled wall has the following dimensions: 200mm in thickness, 1500mm in width and 3000mm in height. And one end or two ends of the wall form reinforcement cage 5 are fixedly provided with the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2 for connecting the adjacent wall forms. Mold cores are arranged between the two opposite steel bar grid pieces 3 in three sections from bottom to top, bolt holes and bolts which are connected with the upper mold core and the lower mold core which are adjacent up and down are arranged at the two ends of the upper end and the lower end of each mold core, and the ends of the main steel bar and the auxiliary steel bar of each steel bar grid piece 3 extend out of the wall mold 1.
2) All be fixed with the regulation pole on the side of wall mould steel reinforcement cage 5 and special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2, set up the equal altitude template with wall mould steel reinforcement cage and special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage in the both sides of wall mould steel reinforcement cage and special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage, hang pipe sheet frame 7 and establish on wall mould steel reinforcement cage 5 or two lateral surfaces of special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage 2, form wall mould veneer cavity between template and the mould core, wall mould veneer cavity is about 50mm wide.
3) And pouring concrete in the single-plate cavity of the wall mold, compacting, conveying the wall mold into a multi-rail type wet and hot curing room for curing to form the wall mold, and then removing the mold core to form a hollow layer.
4) And (5) installing wall forms of all floors, and fully casting concrete in the hollow layer and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage 2.
EXAMPLE five
The method for manufacturing the wall form single board in the embodiment is that the wall form single board in the embodiment two is manufactured, and a pressure vibration forming machine and a multi-station automatic production line are adopted:
the multi-station automatic production line comprises eight stations in sequence: 1) Lifting the bottom layer, lifting the product from the bottom die of the curing chamber, and pushing the empty bottom die to the No. 2 position; 2) Pausing the station of the empty bottom die; 3) Cleaning and brushing a bottom die station; 4) A pad film or a release agent spraying station is arranged in an auxiliary manner; 5) A reinforcing steel bar mesh station is arranged, the end heads of the two auxiliary reinforcing bars and at least one main reinforcing bar in the mesh extend out of the mould frame, and a plurality of positions on the mesh are provided with steel pipe sections with the thickness similar to that of a wall mould and the diameter of about 40 or through holes with the diameter of about 20-80 are formed by the concrete plate when the steel pipe sections are temporarily clamped on the reinforcing steel bars and then removed, so that the tie bars 4 are connected in a penetrating way; 6) A mould frame station is connected; 7) Arranging a concrete station on a bottom die in a die frame; 8) And after eight stations are stepped, the formed wall mold single plate 8 enters an automatic production line of a maintenance room plate conveying lifter, and each wall mold single plate 8 is subjected to wet-heat maintenance and offline for 12 hours in a tunnel type maintenance room with 68 +/-8 degrees. The tunnel-type curing room is only about 4 meters wide and 60 meters long, and is a constant-temperature energy-saving curing room with continuous stepping in and out of the plate.
The pressure vibration forming machine is provided with an upper cross beam and a lower cross beam, an upper sliding block is arranged on the upper cross beam, a liftable upper section mould is arranged on the upper sliding block, a vibrator is arranged on the upper section mould, a vibration platform is arranged on the upper surface of the lower cross beam, and a floating guide rail is arranged at the two ends of the vibration platform.
When the bottom die with the frame material is stepped to the floating guide rail movably butted with the front bottom die walking guide rail and the rear bottom die walking guide rail of the host machine for multiple times through each station.
When the upper die press-in type frame and the lower vibrating table simultaneously form the reinforced concrete laminated template by double-sided vibration pressing, the floating guide rail is properly contracted downwards to enable the bottom die to be intersected with the vibrating platform, the floating guide rail receives an exciting force, after the pressing vibration is finished, the floating guide rail is arranged on a frame jacking mechanism at two ends of the lower beam, the floating guide rail lifts the die frame (the upper die also quickly returns to the die frame during the pressing vibration), the die frame is arranged on two pairs of hooks of a translational empty die frame at two ends to be connected, the die frame is conveyed to a frame placing position through material distribution crossing displacement along with a hook upper moving mechanism, the bottom die at the frame placing position (provided with a cushion film and a reinforced net piece) is lifted by two-end jacking mechanisms, and after the quick alignment shaft sleeve between the frame and the bottom die is joggled, the frame moving mechanism quickly returns to a main machine position, and the empty frame is connected again.
When the upper die of the die frame is separated from the product (the wall die 1) which is just formed by pressure and vibration successively, the product is moved out of the host (sent into a damp and hot curing chamber) along with the bottom die by the multi-station simultaneously-linked stepping mechanism, the subsequent bottom die with the frame and the strip are synchronously in place, and the upper die is quickly pressed down and vibrated with the vibrating table again.
Each bottom die with a steel forming wall die single plate 8 sequentially enters a curing chamber, the curing chamber is about 4 meters wide, 60 meters long, 7.2 meters high and is provided with about 55 meters long (25 bottom dies can be placed) by leaning against two walls, the track is 38 pairs, the height distance of each pair is about 18 centimeters (the total height is about 7.2 meters), two ends of the curing chamber are respectively provided with an elevator-shaped lifter to finish receiving, after the bottom die with a steel forming product is provided, the bottom die is jacked on a curing chamber track according to a program in a layering way, a product which is cured for about 12H (24 hours in one shift) and the bottom die are correspondingly received in a layering way and are continuously jacked and returned to a No. 1 lifting platform by the lifting platform along with the bottom layer return channel, the lifting platform is lifted to the upper layer while one side of the bottom die is jacked, the bottom die is inclined for about 60 degrees to be in a side standing shape, and the product is quickly lifted and removed by a transfer machine by utilizing two ends of the wall die single plate 8 to quickly hook and align pipe sleeve holes.
The bottom layer return channel is provided with an isolation layer except the position of the return pushing position elevator, so that the humidity of the room temperature of the maintenance room is prevented from being taken away by the return channel product. All be equipped with the heat preservation on the other normally closed access door of heat preservation both ends lift at maintenance room outer wall and top, six sides on ground, the heat preservation all is equipped with on the maintenance room, and the whole maintenance room is except that the die block of taking just shaping product sends the seam form entry of a height about 18cm of maintenance room top lift to other totally closed states (the export return track has the isolation layer), keeps depositing 950 pieces of product in the maintenance room, goes into (goes out) according to the step-by-step continuous type of shaping cycle, makes every piece go into step-by-step to sending out the return track and all keep 12 hours from the top, passes through in the moist hot environment of about 68 degrees. The temperature of the curing tunnel can be raised by about 30 ℃ by using hydration heat of the product, and the zero-energy-consumption constant-temperature curing of more than 12 hours and 68 ℃ can be realized only by using solar hot water for heat supply.
EXAMPLE six
The manufacturing method of the non-load-bearing infilled wall in the third embodiment includes the following steps:
1) Firstly, mixing 0-10mm solid waste residues or coal ash with less than or equal to 20 percent of cement, adding a proper amount of water, uniformly stirring, quantitatively distributing the mixture into a steel mould cavity of a building block with the hollow rate of more than or equal to 48 percent, pressing and molding an upper mould and a lower mould by using hydraulic pressure of 250-150 kilograms per square meter (2000T per square meter), and grabbing a plurality of blocks onto a block arranging platform by using a special manipulator after wet-heat curing;
2) Arranging the main blocks and the half blocks according to the vertical seam staggered stacking sequence of the upper leather block and the lower leather block, coating the cementing agent with the thickness of less than 3mm on the wall ribs of the blocks, grabbing and moving a plurality of rows of blocks coated with the cementing agent on the block arranging platform to the upper side of the wall arranging pedestal for alignment by a wall arranging manipulator, descending the manipulator, and opening the clamping mechanism and returning the clamping mechanism when the lower end of the block touches the lower leather block and reaches a set thrust so as to extrude and uniformly distribute the cementing agent coated at the end of the upper leather block or the lower leather block.
And when the block length is greater than or equal to 600 mm, arranging one or more blocks, coating the adhesive, and then performing one-time stacking to a wall sheet pedestal, wherein the pedestal is provided with at least 10 sheets of 100 mm, 600 mm, 2600 mm and a lightweight high-strength whitewash-free wall with the voidage of about 50 percent.
The use method of the multifunctional wall sheet with the thickness of 100 mm is characterized in that a single sheet is used for a room dividing wall, when the two sheets are combined into one, the single sheet is used for the room dividing wall or a steel bar cast-in-place concrete beam mold with a 4-15mm disassembly-free template is arranged at the upper end of the room dividing wall, an xps heat preservation plate is clamped between the two sheets and is used for a heat preservation outer wall without a cold (hot) bridge, and the xps heat preservation plate is stuck to one side of the single sheet and is flatly attached to a roof as an upper people roof with a heat dissipation ventilation duct on a heat preservation layer.
The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments. All technical solutions formed by equivalent substitutions fall within the protection scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1. The utility model provides a cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of support exempts from, includes the wall form and fixes at this wall form one end or two ends and be used for connecting the dysmorphism post steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing infilled wall of adjacent wall form, its characterized in that: the wall formwork comprises two wall formwork single plates which are oppositely arranged and a hollow layer which is arranged between the two wall formwork single plates, the wall formwork single plates are prefabricated by fixing steel bar gridding sheets in concrete, the wall formwork single plates are provided with reserved through holes, a tie bar is arranged in the hollow layer, the tie bar extends into the reserved through holes of the two wall formwork single plates and is connected and fixed with the steel bar gridding sheets in the wall formwork single plates to form a wall formwork steel bar cage, and adjusting rods are fixed on the side surfaces of the wall formwork single plates and the deformed column steel bar cage, the upper end and the lower end of the wall formwork veneer and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage are respectively fixed with an inserting piece for being inserted with the adjacent upper and lower wall formwork veneers and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage in an aligning way, both side surfaces of the wall formwork veneer and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage are respectively provided with a detachable pipe sheet frame, each pipe sheet frame comprises a frame, a panel fixed on the frame and a template fixed on the panel, the side surfaces of the template adjacent to the wall formwork veneers or the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage are arranged, one end of each adjusting rod penetrates through the frame and is provided with an adjusting piece capable of adjusting and fixing the pipe sheet frame, and concrete is cast in situ in the hollow layer and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage; before the wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall is hoisted, the duct piece is erected and arranged on two outer side surfaces of the assembled wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall.
2. The support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of claim 1, wherein: the reinforcing steel bar grid sheet is a grid sheet prefabricated by main and auxiliary reinforcing steel bars arranged in the longitudinal and transverse directions; the ends of the main and auxiliary reinforcing steel bars of the grid sheet extend out of the wall form veneer.
3. The support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of claim 1, wherein: the formwork is a thin formwork or a thick formwork located on a panel of a pipe sheet frame at the side face of the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage, the thickness of the thick formwork is 4-15mm, the thin formwork is a thin steel plate with the thickness being larger than or equal to 0.5mm or a resin fiber thin plate not sticking to the formwork, the thick formwork is provided with a plurality of through holes penetrating through two opposite side faces of the thick formwork, and the thick formwork is fixedly integrated with the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage through full cast-in-place concrete extruded into the through holes.
4. The support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of claim 1, wherein: the diameter of the reserved through hole is 20-80mm.
5. The support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the insertion piece is a clamping sleeve and a convex shaft which can be mutually inserted or two clamping sleeves and a movable convex shaft of which two ends can extend into the clamping sleeve.
6. The support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the reinforcing steel bar grid sheet is a grid sheet prefabricated by main and auxiliary reinforcing steel bars arranged in the longitudinal and transverse directions; the inserting piece is fixed on main and auxiliary reinforcements in the reinforcing steel bar grid pieces at the upper end and the lower end of the wall formwork reinforcing steel bar cage; and the adjusting rods or the tie bars are fixed on main and auxiliary steel bars or cross-shaped cross joints in the steel bar grid sheet.
7. A free-standing cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the pipe piece frame is formed by splicing a plurality of pipe piece frames, and the pipe piece frame is provided with a corner cover pipe positioned on the outer side surface of the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage; the axis offset of the upper and lower ends of the wall form and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage and the axis offset of the upper and lower layer wall film filled wall formed after the adjacent upper and lower layer wall form and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage are aligned and inserted is less than or equal to 3mm; the panel of the pipe sheet frame is a steel mesh; the special-shaped column reinforcement cage is a one-shaped, L-shaped or T-shaped reinforcement cage consisting of two reinforcement grid sheets and tie bars.
8. A construction method of a support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall mold infilled wall, which is constructed by adopting the support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall mold infilled wall as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, is characterized by comprising the following steps:
1) Before the wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall are hoisted, the duct pieces are hoisted and arranged on the two outer side surfaces of the assembled wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall,
2) Install the wall mould that first floor has special-shaped post steel reinforcement cage:
fixing the convex shaft or the clamping sleeve on the foundation according to a set distance, then sequentially hoisting the wall formwork with the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage, fixedly connecting two adjacent wall formworks through the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage, and clamping the wall formwork and the shaft sleeve or the convex shaft at the lower end of the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage on the convex shaft or the clamping sleeve on the foundation;
adjusting the verticality of the pipe sheet frame by adjusting the rods to adjust the verticality of the just-hoisted wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall, then connecting the pipe sheet frames on the other formwork walls with the pipe sheet frames on the aligned wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall, adjusting the verticality of the pipe sheet frame by adjusting the rods to adjust the verticality of the wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall, and then fixing the insertion parts at the lower ends of the wall formwork and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage on a convex shaft or a clamping sleeve on a foundation firmly;
hoisting a beam form reinforcement cage on the non-bearing filling wall, finally pumping concrete, and filling each wall form and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage in the first floor to form the cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form filling wall;
3) Installing a second floor light floor slab and a wall formwork with special-shaped column reinforcement cages:
hoisting a second floor slab or laying the second floor slab or the non-demolition mould on a pipe sheet frame of a wall body of the next floor, respectively connecting and fixing the second floor slab, the overhanging steel bars in the non-demolition mould or the hidden beam steel pipes in the floor with a wall mould in the first floor and the beam mould steel bar cage at the upper end of the upper extending main bar or the non-bearing filling wall of the special-shaped column steel bar cage,
then, hoisting the wall formwork with the special-shaped column reinforcement cage on the second floor in sequence, fixedly connecting two adjacent wall formworks through the special-shaped column reinforcement cage, and correspondingly clamping the wall formwork and the insertion pieces at the lower ends of the special-shaped column reinforcement cage on the wall formwork of the first floor and the convex shaft or the clamping sleeve on the special-shaped column reinforcement cage;
adjusting the perpendicularity of the just-hoisted wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall by adjusting the rod to adjust the pipe sheet frame, then connecting the pipe sheet frames on the other formwork walls with the pipe sheet frames on the adjusted wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall, adjusting the perpendicularity of the wall formwork, the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall by adjusting the rod to adjust the pipe sheet frames, and then firmly fixing the insertion piece at the lower ends of the wall formwork and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage of the second layer with the corresponding convex shaft or the clamping sleeve on the wall formwork and the special-shaped column steel reinforcement cage of the first floor;
hoisting the beam formwork reinforcement cage on the non-bearing filling wall, finally pumping concrete, and filling all wall formworks and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage in the second floor to form the cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall formwork filling wall;
4) And hoisting and fixing the third floor light floor slab or the non-demolition formwork, the wall formwork, the special-shaped column reinforcement cage and the non-bearing infilled wall, and repeatedly circulating to the top floor.
9. The construction method of the support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall mold infilled wall of claim 8, characterized by: in said steps 1), 2) and 3),
firstly, a wall formwork, a special-shaped column reinforcement cage and a non-bearing filler wall in the middle of each floor are installed, a cross diagonal brace is arranged in only one middle of each floor, then the wall formwork, the special-shaped column reinforcement cage and the non-bearing filler wall in the middle of each floor are connected with each other, the pipe sheet frame is adjusted by using an adjusting rod so as to adjust the verticality of the wall formwork, the special-shaped column reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall, then the wall formwork, the special-shaped column reinforcement cage or the non-bearing filler wall are fixedly reinforced by the cross diagonal brace, and finally, the wall formwork is installed in an adjacent middle of each floor in a left-right unfolding mode.
10. A construction method of a support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall, which is constructed by adopting the support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, and is characterized by comprising the following steps:
1) The method comprises the following steps that two opposite steel bar grid pieces are arranged on a pedestal and are fixedly connected through tie bars to form a wall form steel bar cage, a special-shaped column steel bar cage for connecting adjacent wall forms is fixedly arranged at one end or two ends of the wall form steel bar cage, a mold core is arranged between the two opposite steel bar grid pieces in three sections from bottom to top, a bolt hole and a bolt which are connected with the mold core adjacent to the upper end and the lower end of each mold core in an aligned mode are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of each mold core, and the ends of main and auxiliary steel bars of the steel bar grid pieces extend out of the wall forms;
2) Adjusting rods are fixed on the side surfaces of the wall formwork reinforcement cage and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage, templates which are as high as the wall formwork reinforcement cage and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage in height are arranged on the two sides of the wall formwork reinforcement cage and the special-shaped column reinforcement cage, duct pieces are erected on the two outer side surfaces of the wall formwork reinforcement cage or the special-shaped column reinforcement cage, and a wall formwork single plate cavity is formed between the templates and a mold core;
3) Pouring concrete in the single-plate cavity of the wall mold, compacting, then conveying the wall mold into a multi-rail type wet and hot curing room for curing to form the wall mold, and then removing the mold core to form a hollow layer;
4) And installing wall forms of each floor, and fully casting concrete in the hollow layer and the deformed column reinforcement cage.
11. A method for manufacturing a wall form veneer, which is used for manufacturing the wall form veneer of the support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall according to any one of claims 1 to 4, and adopts a pressure vibration forming machine and a multi-station automatic production line, and is characterized in that:
the multi-station automatic production line comprises eight stations in sequence: 1) Lifting the bottom layer, lifting the product from the bottom die of the curing chamber, and pushing the empty bottom die to the No. 2 position; 2) Pausing the station of the empty bottom die; 3) Cleaning and brushing a bottom die station; 4) A pad film or a release agent spraying station is arranged in an auxiliary manner; 5) A reinforcing steel bar net piece station is arranged, and a plurality of positions on the net are provided with steel pipe sections with the thickness similar to that of a wall model or are temporarily clamped on reinforcing steel bars and then removed, so that a through hole with the diameter of 20-80 is formed on a concrete slab, and the tie bars are connected in a penetrating way; 6) A mould frame station is connected; 7) Laying concrete stations on a bottom die in a die frame; 8) A pressure vibration forming station of a bidirectional pressure vibration forming machine; and after eight station steps, the formed wall mold single plates enter an automatic production line of a plate conveying lifter of a curing room, and each wall mold single plate is subjected to damp-heat curing and offline for 12 hours in a tunnel type curing room with 68 +/-8 degrees.
12. A method for manufacturing a non-load-bearing infilled wall, wherein the non-load-bearing infilled wall of the support-free cast-in-place reinforced concrete wall form infilled wall of any one of claims 1 to 4 is manufactured, and the method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
1) Firstly, mixing 0-10mm solid waste residues or coal ash with less than or equal to 20 percent of cement, adding a proper amount of water, uniformly stirring, quantitatively distributing into a steel mould cavity of a building block with the hollow rate of more than or equal to 48 percent, pressing and molding an upper mould and a lower mould by using the hydraulic pressure of 250-150 kilograms per square meter, and grabbing a plurality of blocks to a block arranging platform by using a special manipulator after damp-heat curing;
2) Arranging the main blocks and the half blocks according to the vertical seam staggered stacking sequence of the upper leather block and the lower leather block, coating the cementing agent with the thickness of less than 3mm on the wall ribs of the blocks, grabbing and moving a plurality of rows of blocks coated with the cementing agent on the block arranging platform to the upper side of the wall arranging pedestal for alignment by a wall arranging manipulator, descending the manipulator, and opening the clamping mechanism and returning the clamping mechanism when the lower end of the block touches the lower leather block and reaches a set thrust so as to extrude and uniformly distribute the cementing agent coated at the end of the upper leather block or the lower leather block.
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