CN105442737B - A kind of complex heat-preservation floorboard and its construction method - Google Patents

A kind of complex heat-preservation floorboard and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105442737B
CN105442737B CN201510965254.1A CN201510965254A CN105442737B CN 105442737 B CN105442737 B CN 105442737B CN 201510965254 A CN201510965254 A CN 201510965254A CN 105442737 B CN105442737 B CN 105442737B
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China
Prior art keywords
die plate
heat preservation
compound heat
floor
preservation die
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Application number
CN201510965254.1A
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CN105442737A (en
Inventor
高汉章
张学勇
张洪坡
魏隽
刘卫红
马振楠
宁计超
刘艳阳
曹瑞峥
仝英林
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The Green Building Technology Co. Ltd.
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Hebei Anneng Green Building Technology Co Ltd
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/32Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements
    • E04B5/36Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor
    • E04B5/38Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor with slab-shaped form units acting simultaneously as reinforcement; Form slabs with reinforcements extending laterally outside the element
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • E04B1/80Heat insulating elements slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2103/00Material constitution of slabs, sheets or the like
    • E04B2103/02Material constitution of slabs, sheets or the like of ceramics, concrete or other stone-like material

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of complex heat-preservation floorboard and its construction method, using floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer and the integral moulding by casting of compound heat preservation die plate, floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer lower section is provided with the girt strip of crisscross distribution, original building template is replaced using compound heat preservation die plate, pour after shaping, compound heat preservation die plate is used as a part for floor without removing, both the stress performance of floor can be ensured, the deadweight of cast-in-situ floor can be mitigated again, the heat-insulating property of cast-in-situ floor is improved.The present invention can greatly reduce the usage amount of common building template, with materials low cost, the high advantage of efficiency of construction.

Description

A kind of complex heat-preservation floorboard and its construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to construction floor plate technique field, more particularly to a kind of complex heat-preservation floorboard and its construction method.
Background technology
Poured more than traditional in-situ reinforced concrete slab using integral reinforced concrete, from structural system and mechanics principle For upper, this floor considers tensile strength of the concrete in tensile region under Moment, or not and tensile region stress is all by steel Muscle undertakes, and the concrete of tensile region only plays protection reinforcing bar and floor is had smooth profile, and a large amount of casting concretes increase Floor deadweight is added.Substantial amounts of scaffold, live binding reinforcing bars, plank sheathing etc., workman's work are needed in work progress in addition Intensity is big, and construction management is difficult, and progress is slow, and efficiency is low, and generation rubbish is more, and building cost is high.Although common rib floor is solved Reasonable stress and from it is great the problem of, but complicated construction technique, high cost strongly limit it in small span plate Using.The problem of although superimposed sheet solves scaffold and model sheetinstallat, but stress is unreasonable, deadweight is corresponding to increase than larger Add and passed to beam, wall, post and the load on basis.It is therefore desirable to provide a kind of complex heat-preservation floorboard to solve above-mentioned technology Problem.
The content of the invention
Technical problem solved by the invention is the provision of a kind of complex heat-preservation floorboard and its construction method, and this is combined The mechanical property and performance for being incubated floorboard are superior to normal concrete floor, can effectively reduce floorboard and conduct oneself with dignity and it Beam, wall, post and the load on basis are passed to, scaffold and formwork erection dismounting amount is reduced, so as to shorten the duration, cost is reduced, And have the advantages that industrialization degree height, heat insulation function are good.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that:A kind of complex heat-preservation floorboard, its feature exists In:By floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer and some evenly distributed compound guarantors below floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer Warm template composition, the floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer lower section is provided with the girt strip of crisscross distribution, and girt strip is interspersed shape Into the grid of some receiving compound heat preservation die plates;The compound heat preservation die plate is generally square, and bottom is lightweight concrete layer, gently Adiabator layer is provided with above matter concrete layer;Close rib reinforcement, the girt strip and floor steel bar concrete are provided with the girt strip Using concrete, integrally cast holds together in-situ layer.
The lightweight concrete layer of further compound heat preservation die plate is strengthened provided with raising up and equally distributed ribs Stiffener and floorboard connection reinforcing bar are furnished with rib, the floorboard connection reinforcing bar is U-shaped reinforcing bar, and the upper end of U-shaped reinforcing bar is worn Cross in adiabator layer insertion floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer.
A kind of complex heat-preservation flooring board construction method, comprises the following steps,
The first step:Make compound heat preservation die plate
Adiabator layer is connected into bar connecting with stiffener and floorboard to fix, and is put into corresponding mould, is poured Build lightweight concrete, maintenance shaping;
Second step:Compound heat preservation die plate support is fixed
It can bear that upright column is installed on the ground of upper load or flooring, column upper end sets support complex heat-preservation Adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate, column cap and the supporting square tube of template, formation support is compound between supporting square tube is connected to adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate The square frame of heat insulation formwork, column cap reserves equal with girt strip width between the junction of supporting square tube, compound heat preservation die plate Gap after be placed on supporting square tube formation square frame above, adjustment adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate it is levelling;
3rd step:The making of the reinforcing bar of floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer and the close rib reinforcement of girt strip
In the reinforcing bar of the top placement floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer of compound heat preservation die plate, between compound heat preservation die plate The close rib reinforcement of girt strip is set in the gap reserved, while pre-buried various equipment pipes will be needed to lay and fix;
4th step:Pour
Concreting is carried out to the gap reserved between the top of compound heat preservation die plate and compound heat preservation die plate simultaneously, Form floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer and girt strip.
5th step:Support member is removed
When concrete reaches the 50% of design strength, supporting square tube is removed, when concrete strength reaches design requirement, is removed Column, adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate and column cap, complete the making of complex heat-preservation floorboard.
The present invention incorporates compound on the basis of structural system and mechanics principle in in-situ reinforced concrete slab construction Heat insulation formwork technology, replaces original building template, after the completion of pouring, compound heat preservation die plate need not be torn open using compound heat preservation die plate Remove, as a part for floor, can both ensure the stress performance of floor, the deadweight of cast-in-situ floor can be mitigated again, improve existing Pour the heat-insulating property of floor.The usage amount of common building template is reduced, materials low cost, efficiency of construction is high.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic cross-section of complex heat-preservation floorboard of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the distribution schematic diagram of compound heat preservation die plate of the present invention and girt strip.
Fig. 3 is that compound heat preservation die plate of the present invention supports fixation principle figure.
Fig. 4 is the scheme of installation of column of the present invention, adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate, column cap and supporting square tube.
Corresponding component names are in figure:1 floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer, 2 compound heat preservation die plates, 3 girt strips, 21 lightweights Concrete layer, 22 adiabator layers, 23 ribs, 24 stiffeners, 25 floorboards connection reinforcing bar, 31 close rib reinforcements, 4 columns, 5 Adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate, 6 column caps, 7 supporting square tubes.
Embodiment
Refer to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 2, the present invention provides a kind of complex heat-preservation floorboard, by floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ Layer 1 and some evenly distributed compound heat preservation die plates 2 below floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer are constituted, the floor steel The girt strip 3 of crisscross distribution is provided with below reinforced concrete in-situ layer, girt strip is interspersed to form some receiving complex heat-preservation moulds The grid of plate;The compound heat preservation die plate is generally square, and bottom is lightweight concrete layer 21, and lightweight concrete layer top is provided with Adiabator layer 22, in order to strengthen the structural strength of adiabator layer 22, its top provided with raise up and it is equally distributed plus Stiffener 24 and floorboard connection reinforcing bar 25 are furnished with strong rib 23, ribs, the floorboard connection reinforcing bar 25 is U-shaped steel Muscle, the upper end of U-shaped reinforcing bar is open and interior through adiabator layer insertion floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer;It is provided with the girt strip Close rib reinforcement 31, in the specific implementation, by close rib reinforcement 31 and the bar connecting of floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer, by girt strip with Floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer is integrally poured into a mould using concrete, girt strip is connected as one with floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer It is overall.
The presence of girt strip, across floorboard multiple evenly distributed stress units are separated into by whole, in the presence of moment of flexure, The stress of tensile region is mainly undertaken by the reinforcing bar in girt strip, so as to reduce floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ thickness degree, is reduced Quantity of reinforcement.
The construction method of complex heat-preservation floorboard of the present invention is elaborated with reference to Fig. 3, Fig. 4, specifically include as Lower step,
The first step:Make compound heat preservation die plate
Adiabator layer is connected into bar connecting with stiffener and floorboard to fix, and is put into corresponding mould, is poured Build lightweight concrete, maintenance shaping;The stiffener can use cold-drawn low-carbon reinforcing bar, and crisscross stiffener is formed Welded steel fabric, the U-shaped reinforcing bar opening end that floorboard is connected into reinforcing bar is fixed on the crosspoint of stiffener upwards, fixes guarantor Lightweight concrete can be poured after adiabator layer, the compound heat preservation die plate poured is put into fog room and conserved, when intensity reaches To after pre-provisioning request, compound heat preservation die plate is obtained.
Second step:Compound heat preservation die plate support is fixed
It can bear that upright column 4 is installed on the ground of upper load or flooring, column upper end sets the compound guarantor of support Adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate 5, column cap 6 and the supporting square tube 7 of warm template, supporting square tube form support between being connected to adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate The square frame of compound heat preservation die plate, column cap, which is located between the junction of supporting square tube, compound heat preservation die plate, to be reserved and girt strip width Above the square frame that supporting square tube formation is placed on behind equal gap, adjustment adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate is levelling;Wherein supporting square tube width More than girt strip width, concrete slurry seepage when preventing from pouring.
3rd step:The making of the reinforcing bar of floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer and the close rib reinforcement of girt strip
In the reinforcing bar of the top placement floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer of compound heat preservation die plate, between compound heat preservation die plate The close rib reinforcement of girt strip is set in the gap reserved, while pre-buried various equipment pipes will be needed to lay and fix;According to Requirement of engineering, close rib reinforcement can be set to upper and lower two, and centre is using the connection of S steel bars.
4th step:Pour
Concreting is carried out to the gap reserved between the top of compound heat preservation die plate and compound heat preservation die plate simultaneously, Floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer and girt strip are formed, while the girt strip poured is connected as one with floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer It is overall
5th step:Support member is removed
When concrete reaches the 50% of design strength, supporting square tube is removed, when concrete strength reaches design requirement, is removed Column, adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate and column cap, complete the making of complex heat-preservation floorboard.
The present invention replaces original building template using compound heat preservation die plate, and after the completion of pouring, compound heat preservation die plate need not Remove, as a part for floor, can both ensure the stress performance of floor, the deadweight of cast-in-situ floor can be mitigated again, improved The heat-insulating property of cast-in-situ floor.The present invention reduces the use of scaffold, live binding reinforcing bars, plank sheathing etc. in work progress Amount, the building waste of generation is few, and recruitment is few, and efficiency of construction is high.
The above, is only highly preferred embodiment of the present invention, not makees any formal limitation to the present invention, is appointed What those of ordinary skill in the art, in the case where not departing from technical solution of the present invention ambit, using in the method for the disclosure above Appearance makes many possible variations and modification to technical solution of the present invention, belongs to the scope of claims protection.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of complex heat-preservation flooring board construction method, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps,
The first step:Make compound heat preservation die plate
Adiabator layer is connected into bar connecting with stiffener and floorboard to fix, and is put into corresponding mould, is poured light Matter concrete, maintenance shaping;
Second step:Compound heat preservation die plate support is fixed
It can bear that upright column is installed on the ground of upper load or flooring, column upper end sets support compound heat preservation die plate Adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate, column cap and supporting square tube, supporting square tube, which is connected between adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate, forms support complex heat-preservation The square frame of template, column cap, which is located between the junction of supporting square tube, compound heat preservation die plate, reserves the seam equal with girt strip width Above the square frame that supporting square tube formation is placed on after gap, adjustment adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate is levelling;
3rd step:The making of the reinforcing bar of floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer and the close rib reinforcement of girt strip
In the reinforcing bar of the top placement floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer of compound heat preservation die plate, reserved between compound heat preservation die plate The close rib reinforcement of girt strip is set in the gap gone out, while pre-buried various equipment pipes will be needed to lay and fix;
4th step:Pour
Concreting is carried out to the gap reserved between the top of compound heat preservation die plate and compound heat preservation die plate simultaneously, formed Floor steel bar concrete cast-in-situ layer and girt strip;
5th step:Support member is removed
When concrete reaches the 50% of design strength, supporting square tube is removed, when concrete strength reaches design requirement, dismounting column, Adjustable diameter and screw adjusting supporting plate and column cap, complete the making of complex heat-preservation floorboard.
CN201510965254.1A 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 A kind of complex heat-preservation floorboard and its construction method Active CN105442737B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510965254.1A CN105442737B (en) 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 A kind of complex heat-preservation floorboard and its construction method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510965254.1A CN105442737B (en) 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 A kind of complex heat-preservation floorboard and its construction method

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CN105442737B true CN105442737B (en) 2017-07-14

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108035539A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-05-15 上海建工二建集团有限公司 A kind of sleeper plate device and the method using its construction assembled building sleeper
CN110284715A (en) * 2019-07-10 2019-09-27 龙信建设集团有限公司 Modified extruded polystyrene board keeps the temperature resilient cushion floor anticracking construction method
CN114127374A (en) * 2020-03-23 2022-03-01 王建友 Floor and pillar

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GB191111133A (en) * 1911-05-08 1912-05-02 Ben Henry Johnson Improvements in and relating to Concrete Floors and like Structures.
FR2307095A1 (en) * 1975-04-09 1976-11-05 Ailhaud Jean Prefabricated heat insulated flooring system - comprising corrugated base insulated shutters and reinforced concrete beams with infill slab to eliminate thermal bridges
JPS619927Y2 (en) * 1981-03-17 1986-03-31
CN2522494Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Steel reinforced concrete structure floor
KR20100012404A (en) * 2008-07-28 2010-02-08 (주)콘솔베르 Half pc slab having closed lib
CN101906840A (en) * 2010-07-09 2010-12-08 浙江大学 Cast-in-place reinforced concrete embedded composite multi-ribbed energy-saving floor structure system
CN202559569U (en) * 2012-05-09 2012-11-28 宝钢建筑系统集成有限公司 Assembled monolithic self-insulation hidden dense rib light superposed floor slab
CN203393878U (en) * 2013-07-29 2014-01-15 湖北弘毅建筑装饰工程有限公司 Straight-rib honeycomb reinforced concrete composite floor slab
CN204059693U (en) * 2014-06-05 2014-12-31 义乌工商职业技术学院 Easy lifting heat-preserving building floor
CN104314213B (en) * 2014-11-07 2016-08-17 东南大学 A kind of hollow groined slab floor of large span assembled
CN205224366U (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-05-11 河北安能绿色建筑科技有限公司 Novel compound incubation floor plate

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Address after: 050500 Lingshou, Shijiazhuang, Lingshou County town of New Street Union building, No. 1-3-2

Patentee after: The Green Building Technology Co. Ltd.

Address before: 050500 Lingshou, Shijiazhuang, Lingshou County town of New Street Union building, No. 1-3-2

Patentee before: HEBEI ANNENG GREEN BUILDING TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.