CN204001701U - Be applicable to the construction formwork system of multilayer rammed earth wall - Google Patents

Be applicable to the construction formwork system of multilayer rammed earth wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204001701U
CN204001701U CN201420396483.7U CN201420396483U CN204001701U CN 204001701 U CN204001701 U CN 204001701U CN 201420396483 U CN201420396483 U CN 201420396483U CN 204001701 U CN204001701 U CN 204001701U
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China
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multilayer
applicable
rammed earth
formwork system
earth wall
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420396483.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李麟学
吴杰
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Tongji University
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Tongji University
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the construction formwork system that is applicable to multilayer rammed earth wall, comprise wall form and the window hole molding board of building body of wall, window hole molding board is embedded in and on wall form, forms reservation window hole while use, window hole molding board comprises top plate member, lateral plate member and internals, top plate member comprises top panel and is located at the side shield of top panel downside, lateral plate member comprises side panel, inner frame and diagonal member, side panel is provided with two, parallel interval arranges, inner frame is connected to the inner side of side panel, and diagonal member is connected between side panel and inner frame; Internals comprises cross bar, vertical rod and fastening bolt, and cross bar and vertical rod are connected to form two support frames that be arranged in parallel, and these two support frames are arranged between two side panels, and the middle part of fastening bolt is through inner frame, and two ends are connected with two support frames; Top panel be laid on two side panels above.Compared with prior art, the utlity model has the advantages such as simple in structure, flexible and convenient to use.

Description

Be applicable to the construction formwork system of multilayer rammed earth wall
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of construction formwork system, especially relates to the construction formwork system that is applicable to multilayer rammed earth wall, belongs to rammed earth wall building field.
Background technology
Rammed earth wall is Chinese traditional technology, but because of reasons such as its durability, weatherability poor-performings, this skill is not in Contemporary Architecture technical field large-scale promotion.Also exist at present some to build artistic renewal and exploration about " ramming soil ", as: the Chinese patent that publication number is CN101517178A, disclose a kind of for building template and the method for rammed earth wall on August 26th, 2009, the method is a kind of rammed earth wall body construction method including template system, this rammed earth wall body comprises " sandwich " two walls, utilization level and vertical reinforcing bar drawknot in two bodies of wall, hollow middle portion filling heat insulating material.But the construction practice of this patented technology in Practical Project, focus mostly on and (as be arranged in the cottage of the naked heart paddy holiday village in No. 43, upper and lower village, Fa Tou township, Huzhou City Deqing County, Zhejiang at individual layer small building, for the circular rammed earth wall building of individual layer), template size is uneconomical, construction flexibility ratio is poor, waste time and energy, cannot in extensive construction, use.And for example: " research of Sichuan building science " has published " application of rammed earth wall in new ecotecture of one's native land---Anji County, Zhejiang Province eco-house rammed earth wall construction method is resolved " literary composition in 214 pages to 217 pages of the 6th phase in 2007, " Anji eco-house " top order is only applied to vernacular architecture, build up building and be the buildings (being no more than 8 meters) such as house, little hotel, teahouse, scale is all very little.Because yellow mud component ratio in the proportioning of its body of wall is larger, higher compressive strength cannot be reached, thereby highly higher, larger public building cannot be applied to, in popularization, there is very large limitation.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is exactly to provide a kind of simple in structure, flexible and convenient to use construction formwork system that is applicable to multilayer rammed earth wall in order to overcome the defect that above-mentioned prior art exists.
The purpose of this utility model can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
Be applicable to the construction formwork system of multilayer rammed earth wall, comprise wall form and the window hole molding board of building body of wall, described window hole molding board is embedded on wall form while use, position at window hole molding board forms reservation window hole, described window hole molding board comprises top plate member, lateral plate member and internals, described top plate member comprises top panel and is located at the side shield of top panel downside
Described lateral plate member comprises side panel, inner frame and diagonal member, and described side panel is provided with two, parallel interval setting, and described inner frame is connected to the inner side of side panel, and described diagonal member is connected between side panel and inner frame;
Described internals comprises cross bar, vertical rod and fastening bolt, described cross bar and vertical rod are connected to form two support frames that be arranged in parallel, these two support frames are arranged between two side panels, and the middle part of described fastening bolt is through inner frame, and two ends are connected with two support frames; Described top panel be laid on two side panels above.
Described cross bar and vertical rod are equipped with four, four cross bars are parallel to each other and be divided into upper and lower two-layer every layer and be provided with two arrangements, two cross bars up and down that are positioned at same vertical guide connect with two vertical rods parallel to each other respectively, and two of the left and right cross bar that is positioned at same level connects with two fastening bolts parallel to each other respectively.
Inner frame is run through respectively at the middle part that is connected to two fastening bolts between the cross bar of lower floor.
Described side shield has three, and three side shields are end to end to be successively fixed on top panel after piecing together concave character type, and a side of the opening part of side shield and top panel flushes.
Described inner frame is fixed on side panel and forms with opening part after piecing together concave character type by three side transverse slats are end to end successively, on described side transverse slat, has through hole, and described fastening bolt is through this through hole, and the cross section of described side transverse slat is L shaped.
Described top panel downside is provided with two top filler strips, between top filler strip and side panel, is provided with corner brace, and the lower end of described side panel is provided with two heelpiece bars.
The cross section of described side shield is L shaped.
The bottom of described side panel is provided with breach.
Described wall form comprises shingle nail, stay pipe and split bolt, described shingle nail is provided with two, parallel interval arranges, described stay pipe is located at the outside of shingle nail, described split bolt runs through two shingle nails, and be connected with the stay pipe in shingle nail outside, between two shingle nails, be the cavity of fluid concrete.
The outside of two shingle nails is all flatly provided with at least three group stay pipes, stay pipe is taking every two of fitting mutually up and down as one group, in every group of stay pipe, embed at least three split bolts, the two ends of every split bolt are located at respectively between two stay pipes in one group of stay pipe, every split bolt is respectively through two shingle nails, and stay pipe is also provided with formwork diagonal brace outward.
Wall form and window hole molding board all adopt carbon steel to make.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following advantage and beneficial effect:
1, window hole molding board is done to optimization: overcome that current window hole adopts wooden form and the intensity disunity that causes, be prone to deformation, metope comes off, the defect that recycling rate of waterused is low, can adopt the steel form (300mm × 600mm of three kinds of different sizes, 300mm × 900mm, 300mm × 1200mm) execution standardization making, convenient recycling, the demoulding is easily (after unclamping the middle part bolt of window hole molding board, steel framework width is adjustable, conveniently stripped), punching block intensity is high, can ensure lower window hole deformation rate than wooden model, for later stage installation sash provides compared with convenience.
2. pair wall form has been done optimization: having overcome current wall form is full wafer large scale steel mould, the making template cycle is long, construction layered constructional difficulties flexibility ratio is low, body of wall is difficult for compacting and rams, the construction height of body of wall is subject to the defect of the serious restriction of template height, change because constructor need to enter construction in stencil apertures and caused the present situation that difficulty of construction is large, adopt 600mm high × the wide single form of 1500mm, size is less, easy to make, transport is convenient, flexible for installation, construction in layer is more easily realized, template reusable edible, wall form adopts both sides fixing to wearing bolt (the central diameter 14mm coarse thread bolt that 900mm is long), greatly reduce the quantity of wall outer side diagonal brace.
The utility model has solved the modern times " ramming soil " technology application problem in large public building, all kinds of technology and the construction difficult problem such as extreme length (137 meters) and maximum height (12.9 meters) rammed earth wall body and body of wall large span hole are solved, reinforcement rammed earth wall building technique is carried out to optimize and improve significantly, for rammed earth wall integral construction technology provides and provided powerful support in contemporary extensive use.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of window hole molding board in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the decomposition texture schematic diagram of window hole molding board in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of top plate member in window hole molding board;
Fig. 4 is the plan structure schematic diagram of top plate member in window hole molding board;
Fig. 5 is the perspective view of window hole molding board latus inframedium member;
Fig. 6 is the perspective view of internals in window hole molding board;
Fig. 7 is the assembly structure schematic diagram of window hole molding board latus inframedium member and internals;
Fig. 8 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of wall form;
Fig. 9 is the perspective view of wall form.
Number in the figure: 1 is window hole molding board, 11 is top plate member, and 111 is top panel, and 112 is side shield, 12 is lateral plate member, and 121 is side panel, and 122 is inner frame, and 123 is diagonal member, 13 is internals, and 131 is cross bar, and 132 is vertical rod, and 133 is fastening bolt, 14 is corner brace, and 15 is top filler strip, and 16 is heelpiece bar, and 2 is wall form, 21 is shingle nail, and 22 is warming plate, and 23 is stay pipe, and 24 is split bolt, 25 is formwork diagonal brace, and 201 is pedestal, and 202 is body of wall.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is elaborated.
Embodiment
Be applicable to the construction formwork system of multilayer rammed earth wall, comprise and build the wall form 2 of body of wall and the window hole molding board 1 at reservation window hole on body of wall.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, window hole molding board 1 comprises top plate member 11, lateral plate member 12 and internals 13.Top plate member 11 use corner braces 14 are fixed on the top of lateral plate member 12 and internals 13, between top plate member 11 and corner brace 14, are also lined with top filler strip 15, and the cross bar of internals 13 bottoms is also lined with heelpiece bar 16 the third 131 times.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, top plate member 11 comprises top panel 111 and is located at the side shield 112 of top panel 111 downsides, side shield 112 has three, three side shields 112 are end to end to be successively fixed on top panel 111 after piecing together concave character type, and a side of the opening part of side shield 112 and top panel 111 flushes.The cross section of side shield 112 is L shaped.
As shown in Figure 5, lateral plate member 12 comprises side panel 121, inner frame 122 and diagonal member 123, and side panel 121 is provided with two, parallel interval setting, and inner frame 122 is connected to the inner side of side panel 121, and diagonal member 123 is connected between side panel 121 and inner frame 122; Inner frame 122 is fixed on side panel 121 and forms with opening part after piecing together concave character type by three side transverse slats are end to end successively, on side transverse slat, has through hole, and fastening bolt 133 is through this through hole, and the cross section of side transverse slat is L shaped.The bottom of side panel 121 is provided with breach.
Referring again to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, top panel 111 downsides are provided with two top filler strips 15, between top filler strip 15 and side panel 121, are provided with corner brace 14, and the lower end of side panel 121 is provided with two heelpiece bars 16.
As shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, internals 13 comprises cross bar 131, vertical rod 132 and fastening bolt 133, cross bar 131 is connected to form with vertical rod 132 two support frames that be arranged in parallel, these two support frames are arranged between two side panels 121, the middle part of fastening bolt 133 is through inner frame 122, and two ends are connected with two support frames; Top panel 111 be laid on two side panels 121 above.Cross bar 131 is equipped with four with vertical rod 132, four cross bars 131 are parallel to each other and be divided into upper and lower two-layer every layer and be provided with two arrangements, two cross bars 131 up and down that are positioned at same vertical guide connect with two vertical rods 132 parallel to each other respectively, and two of the left and right cross bar 131 that is positioned at same level connects with two fastening bolts 133 parallel to each other respectively.
As Fig. 8, shown in Fig. 9, wall form 2 comprises shingle nail 21, stay pipe 23 and split bolt 24, shingle nail 21 is provided with two, parallel interval arranges, two templates 21 are all vertically located on pedestal 201, warming plate 22 be located between two templates 21 and warming plate 22 and two templates 21 parallel to each other, the outside of two shingle nails 21 is all flatly provided with at least three group stay pipes 23, stay pipe 23 is taking every two of fitting mutually up and down as one group, in every group of stay pipe 23, embed at least three split bolts 24, the two ends of every split bolt 24 are located at respectively between two stay pipes 23 in one group of stay pipe 23, every split bolt 24 is respectively through two shingle nails 21, the outer formwork diagonal brace 25 that is also provided with of stay pipe 23, between two shingle nails 21, it is the cavity of fluid concrete.
Wall form 2 and window hole molding board 1 all adopt carbon steel to make.Warming plate 22 adopts polyurethane to make.
The template system of the present embodiment, for the design and construction practice of " HUANGHE ESTUARY Travel Service Center " project, when use, is implemented as follows successively:
A. make window hole molding board 1;
B. make wall form 2;
C. use wall form 2 successively to carry out rammed earth wall building, need to offer the place of window at rammed earth wall, window hole molding board 1 is embedded in wall form 2, lintel between window hole molding board 1 and shingle nail 21 adopts angle steel to make, and lintel is made (lintel sectional dimension 100mm × 160mm × 10mm) by the angle steel of Q235;
D. the space concreting between shingle nail 21 and the warming plate 22 of wall form 2 is to form body of wall 202;
E. between body of wall 202 and agent structure, adopt and flexibly connect, flexibly connect and select extruded sheet, sentence sub-light wire drawing stainless steel skirt covering at flooring and flexibly connect seam.
In off-the-shelf item, window hole lintel adopts concrete structure, need be prefabricated, and rear suspension is to desired location.But run into hole span when larger, need to utilize mechanical hoisting construction, difficulty of construction is large, it is high that the later stage is installed sash difficulty.The present embodiment adopts the angle steel of Q235 to make lintel (lintel sectional dimension 100mm × 160mm × 10mm), crossing beam length is that the every limit of window hole adds 300mm, in order to substitute concrete lintel, adopt angle steel to there is deadweight lighter, form is succinct, the plurality of advantages such as convenient installation, for construction provides very big facility, and can the required structure foundation of disposable reserved installation sash.
In off-the-shelf item, rammed earth wall and agent structure adopt and are rigidly connected, in the present embodiment, rammed earth wall and agent structure are thrown off, employing flexibly connects and (between rammed earth wall and agent structure, adopts B1 level extruded sheet 20mm to fill, and sentence sub-light wire drawing stainless steel skirt at flooring and cover this seam), body of wall is not easy to crack, is better than existing sundry item aspect seismic design.In addition, can also be by flooring horizontal cross steel tie together with garret increase, jointly solve the problem of Cracking that overlarge area rammed earth wall body easily produces under earthquake conditions.
The above-mentioned description to embodiment is can understand and use utility model for ease of those skilled in the art.Person skilled in the art obviously can easily make various amendments to these embodiment, and General Principle described herein is applied in other embodiment and needn't passes through performing creative labour.Therefore, the utility model is not limited to above-described embodiment, and those skilled in the art are according to announcement of the present utility model, and not departing from improvement and the amendment that the utility model category makes all should be within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. one kind is applicable to the construction formwork system of multilayer rammed earth wall, comprise wall form (2) and the window hole molding board (1) of building body of wall, described window hole molding board (1) is embedded on wall form (2) while use, position at window hole molding board (1) forms reservation window hole, it is characterized in that
Described window hole molding board (1) comprises top plate member (11), lateral plate member (12) and internals (13), described top plate member (11) comprises top panel (111) and is located at the side shield (112) of top panel (111) downside
Described lateral plate member (12) comprises side panel (121), inner frame (122) and diagonal member (123), described side panel (121) is provided with two, parallel interval arranges, described inner frame (122) is connected to the inner side of side panel (121), and described diagonal member (123) is connected between side panel (121) and inner frame (122);
Described internals (13) comprises cross bar (131), vertical rod (132) and fastening bolt (133), described cross bar (131) is connected to form with vertical rod (132) two support frames that be arranged in parallel, these two support frames are arranged between two side panels (121), the middle part of described fastening bolt (133) is through inner frame (122), and two ends are connected with two support frames; Described top panel (111) be laid on two side panels (121) above.
2. a kind of construction formwork system that is applicable to multilayer rammed earth wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described cross bar (131) is equipped with four with vertical rod (132), four cross bars (131) are parallel to each other and be divided into upper and lower two-layer every layer and be provided with two arrangements, two cross bars (131) up and down that are positioned at same vertical guide use respectively two vertical rods parallel to each other (132) to connect, and two cross bars in left and right (131) that are positioned at same level use respectively two fastening bolts parallel to each other (133) to connect.
3. a kind of construction formwork system that is applicable to multilayer rammed earth wall according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, inner frame (122) is run through respectively at the middle part that is connected to two fastening bolts (133) between the cross bar (131) of lower floor.
4. a kind of construction formwork system that is applicable to multilayer rammed earth wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described side shield (112) has three, three side shields (112) are end to end successively pieces together that to be fixed on top panel (111) after concave character type upper, and a side of the opening part of side shield (112) and top panel (111) flushes.
5. a kind of construction formwork system that is applicable to multilayer rammed earth wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described inner frame (122) is fixed on by three side transverse slats successively end to end piecing together that side panel (121) is upper to be formed after concave character type with opening part, on described side transverse slat, have through hole, described fastening bolt (133) is through this through hole, and the cross section of described side transverse slat is L shaped.
6. a kind of construction formwork system that is applicable to multilayer rammed earth wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described top panel (111) downside is provided with two top filler strips (15), between top filler strip (15) and side panel (121), be provided with corner brace (14), the lower end of described side panel (121) is provided with two heelpiece bars (16).
7. a kind of construction formwork system that is applicable to multilayer rammed earth wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the cross section of described side shield (112) is L shaped.
8. a kind of construction formwork system that is applicable to multilayer rammed earth wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the bottom of described side panel (121) is provided with breach.
9. a kind of construction formwork system that is applicable to multilayer rammed earth wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described wall form (2) comprises shingle nail (21), stay pipe (23) and split bolt (24), described shingle nail (21) is provided with two, parallel interval arranges, described stay pipe (23) is located at the outside of shingle nail (21), described split bolt (24) runs through two shingle nails (21), and be connected with the stay pipe (23) in shingle nail (21) outside, between two shingle nails (21), it is the cavity of fluid concrete.
10. a kind of construction formwork system that is applicable to multilayer rammed earth wall according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, the outside of two shingle nails (21) is all flatly provided with at least three group stay pipes (23), stay pipe (23) is taking every two of fitting mutually up and down as one group, in every group of stay pipe (23), embed at least three split bolts (24), the two ends of every split bolt (24) are located at respectively between two stay pipes (23) in one group of stay pipe (23), every split bolt (24) is respectively through two shingle nails (21), the outer formwork diagonal brace (25) that is also provided with of stay pipe (23).
CN201420396483.7U 2014-07-17 2014-07-17 Be applicable to the construction formwork system of multilayer rammed earth wall Expired - Fee Related CN204001701U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105298112A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-02-03 西安建筑科技大学 T-shaped formwork for ramming
CN105804294A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-07-27 天津城建大学 Composite rammed-earth wall, template device adopted in construction thereof and construction method thereof
CN106639005A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-05-10 西北农林科技大学 Rammed-earth wall forming method and device based on phase change solidified soil
CN106760074A (en) * 2017-03-07 2017-05-31 北京城建亚泰建设集团有限公司 The building method of high intensity loam wall
CN108343230A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-07-31 昆明理工大学 A kind of gantry type rammed earth wall formwork system erection method
CN109898860A (en) * 2017-12-07 2019-06-18 浙江新盛建设集团有限公司 A kind of fabricated assembly overall shear wall formwork bracket reducing fracture width
CN110409818A (en) * 2018-04-27 2019-11-05 湖南好快省建筑科技有限公司 Stair template with stair baffle

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105298112A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-02-03 西安建筑科技大学 T-shaped formwork for ramming
CN105804294A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-07-27 天津城建大学 Composite rammed-earth wall, template device adopted in construction thereof and construction method thereof
CN105804294B (en) * 2016-05-10 2017-12-29 天津城建大学 The plate device and its construction method used in rammed earth base combined wall, its construction
CN106639005A (en) * 2016-11-16 2017-05-10 西北农林科技大学 Rammed-earth wall forming method and device based on phase change solidified soil
CN106639005B (en) * 2016-11-16 2018-10-30 西北农林科技大学 A kind of loam wall forming method and device based on phase transformation solidified earth
CN106760074A (en) * 2017-03-07 2017-05-31 北京城建亚泰建设集团有限公司 The building method of high intensity loam wall
CN109898860A (en) * 2017-12-07 2019-06-18 浙江新盛建设集团有限公司 A kind of fabricated assembly overall shear wall formwork bracket reducing fracture width
CN109898860B (en) * 2017-12-07 2021-05-11 浙江新盛建设集团有限公司 Reduce integral shear wall template support of prefabricated assembly of crack width
CN108343230A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-07-31 昆明理工大学 A kind of gantry type rammed earth wall formwork system erection method
CN108343230B (en) * 2018-01-16 2020-07-10 昆明理工大学 Method for erecting portal frame type rammed earth wall template system
CN110409818A (en) * 2018-04-27 2019-11-05 湖南好快省建筑科技有限公司 Stair template with stair baffle

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