CN104005502B - A kind of precast light building cover board and industrialized building house floor slab structure - Google Patents

A kind of precast light building cover board and industrialized building house floor slab structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104005502B
CN104005502B CN201410185369.4A CN201410185369A CN104005502B CN 104005502 B CN104005502 B CN 104005502B CN 201410185369 A CN201410185369 A CN 201410185369A CN 104005502 B CN104005502 B CN 104005502B
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China
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described
cover board
prefabricated
light filling
building cover
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CN201410185369.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104005502A (en
Inventor
黄振熙
黄涛
李中原
李聪
阳春
严忠
欧阳志坚
陈宫宇
李远辉
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黄涛
黄振熙
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Priority to CN201410185369.4A priority Critical patent/CN104005502B/en
Publication of CN104005502A publication Critical patent/CN104005502A/en
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Publication of CN104005502B publication Critical patent/CN104005502B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of precast light building cover board and industrialized building house floor slab structure.Precast light building cover board includes the light filling layer of the light filling block arrangement at finish coat, the finish coat back side, for by cementation part fixing with light filling layer location for finish coat, framework of steel reinforcement sheet has been inserted between light filling block, it is equipped with reinforced mesh after light filling layer, light filling layer after-pouring has a concrete, and concrete extends to the gap between light filling layer and by integral with light filling layer cementation shape to finish coat, reinforced mesh, framework of steel reinforcement sheet.Industrialized building house floor slab structure includes the some precast light building cover boards laterally arranging and being fixed in support beam, prefabricated lower deep gouge, prefabricated balcony assembly and cast-in-place concrete connector.This industrialized building house floor slab structure work progress is simple;And this industrialized building house floor slab structure has the feature such as light weight, strong, the safety of seismic force.

Description

A kind of precast light building cover board and industrialized building house floor slab structure

Technical field

The present invention relates to building bearing floor plate structure, particularly relate to a kind of precast light building cover board and work Industry building floor slab structure.

Background technology

Along with the development of the development of economic society, especially real estate industry, house and office space etc. are built The construction demand building thing is increasing.Conventional and Present Domestic construction market substantially remains employing tradition Reinforced concrete structure, i.e. use various trowel used for plastering soil material and be main mode of construction with situ wet operation. This traditional construction mode includes formwork built, cast concrete and maintenance, masonry panel and floated finish Deng multiple working procedure, with the reinforced concrete structure house built.This mode of construction exist long construction period, During work consuming, consumptive material, power consumption, water consumption, conduct oneself with dignity heavier and produce the problem such as air pollution, noise pollution. For solving the problem that this mode of construction exists, market is carried out in a kind of Side fascia is, water outer reinforcing bar and mix The precast rc slab (i.e. P.C plate) in solidifying abode house room, saves the engineering time to a certain extent, reaches To the purpose of reduction energy consumption, but precast rc slab is used simply to reduce this work of construction of Side fascia Sequence, except outside precast rc slab, on-the-spot still have many to need the workload of wet construction, And construction cost goes up not down, it is unfavorable for further genralrlization.

In the face of the situation of building industry technological lag, country does the forwarding of (2013) 1# literary composition with promulgated by the State Council, and " green is built Build action scheme ", it is desirable to town and country construction pattern and construction industry development mode is conscientiously changed with the Scientific Outlook on Development. " green building action scheme " is from promoting building industrialization to set about, preferably to realize house building mistake Energy-conservation in journey, is conducive to selecting various green structural material and product.In " green construction action scheme " Implementation during, use steel construction be house architectural structure stress system be implement building industrialization one Plant Important Action.Steel structure member is the product of intense industrialization, and steel are also that energy-saving circulation can The material of regeneration, therefore substitutes traditional reinforced concrete using steel construction as house architectural structure stress system Soil structure stress system is the important direction promoting building industrialization, can reach to a certain extent The purpose of time-saving energy-saving in architectural process.

In the building course of steel building, it is still necessary to the construction of a large amount of situ wet operations, especially building The construction of the floor plates between layer and floor, using situ wet operation to lay floor plates process needs use big Amount timber does end template and backing material, and lays a certain amount of reinforcing bar and make the integral rigidity of floor plates and strong Degree meets all technical required for national existing regulation specification, and finally cast concrete makes it harden. The deadweight of the armored concrete floor slab structure that this traditional approach obtains, containing all deadweights of reinforcing bar and flooring It is about 600kg/ (not including the deadweight of post, girder, shear wall), conducts oneself with dignity heavier and " the greenest Look building action scheme " in the requirement of " energy-conservation, material-saving, save land, economize on water, reduce discharging environmental protection ".

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, for the defect of prior art, it is provided that one is prefabricated gently Matter building cover board and industrialized building house floor slab structure.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of precast light building cover board, bag Include finish coat, be arranged at being arranged the light filling that formed by some light filling blocks of the described finish coat back side Layer, for by cementation part fixing for described finish coat and described light filling layer location, described light filling Having inserted framework of steel reinforcement sheet between block, be equipped with reinforced mesh after described light filling layer, described lightweight is filled out Fill a layer after-pouring and have a concrete, and described concrete extend to described light filling layer it Between gap and described finish coat, reinforced mesh, framework of steel reinforcement sheet and light filling layer cementation are formed one Overall.

Preferably, described building cover board also includes the preheating embedding line being arranged between described light filling block.

The present invention also provides for a kind of industrialized building house floor slab structure, including laterally arranging and being fixed on Some precast light building cover boards, the prefabricated lower deep gouge of corresponding position, toilet and corresponding sun in support beam The prefabricated balcony assembly of platform position, described precast light building cover board, prefabricated lower deep gouge and prefabricated balcony assembly It is bearing in described support beam;Between described precast light building cover board and described prefabricated balcony assembly, described Between precast light building cover board with described prefabricated lower deep gouge and adjacent described precast light building cover board it Between connected by cast-in-place concrete connector.

Preferably, described precast light building cover board include finish coat, be arranged at the described finish coat back side by Light filling layer that the arrangement of some light filling blocks is formed, for by described finish coat and described light filling The cementation part that layer location is fixing, has inserted framework of steel reinforcement sheet between described light filling block, described lightweight is filled out Being equipped with reinforced mesh after filling layer, described light filling layer after-pouring has concrete, and described mixed Xtah Crude Clay structure layer extend to the gap between described light filling layer and by described finish coat, reinforced mesh, Framework of steel reinforcement sheet is integral with light filling layer cementation shape.

Preferably, what described precast light building cover board also included being arranged between described light filling block is pre-buried Pipeline.

Preferably, described prefabricated lower deep gouge includes support and the phase being bearing in described support beam upper end face The sinking portion that described support beam upper end face is sunk;Described prefabricated lower deep gouge is integral prefabricated integral.

Preferably, described prefabricated balcony assembly include bearing placing part in described support beam and not with institute State the concrete flanging portion for installing balcony balustrade of support beam contact, set in described concrete flanging portion There is support crossbeam;Described prefabricated balcony assembly is integral prefabricated integral.

Preferably, described concrete connector includes spaced multiple first connection reinforcing bar, is fixed on Multiple the second of described support beam connects reinforcing bar and cast-in-place concrete articulamentum;Described concrete connects Layer connects the plurality of first reinforcing bar and is connected reinforcing bar cast formation one entirety with the plurality of second;Described First connects reinforcing bar includes that Part I and Part II, described Part I are embedded in described precast light In building cover board, prefabricated lower deep gouge or prefabricated balcony assembly;Described Part II stretch out respectively described prefabricated gently Matter building cover board, prefabricated lower deep gouge or prefabricated balcony assembly, and be cast in described concrete articulamentum.

Preferably, the periphery of described precast light building cover board, prefabricated lower deep gouge and prefabricated balcony assembly is upper Narrow lower wide tongue-and-groove structure.

The present invention compared with prior art has the advantage that precast light building cover board provided by the present invention, Between finish coat and concrete lay light filling layer so that it is with conventional steel bar concrete building In the case of laminate has equal stiffness, intensity (bearing capacity), there is the advantage from heavy and light, and have There is the jamming-proof effect of good sound insulation.Wherein, finish coat is used for finial, precast light building cover board After installation, roof is i.e. decorated, and finish coat is directly and concrete is formed integrally structure, nothing Need to construct at the scene, be greatly saved the engineering time, and when concrete manufactures, due to coagulation Soil oozes between people's light filling block, is integrally formed with finish coat after consolidation so that it is firm that finish coat is fixed Property pastes more firmly by cement mortar the most at the scene, difficult drop-off.And finish coat exists Factory arranges in advance, the more convenient manufacture carrying out various style, shape of energy so that finish coat range of application Wider, use more different materials.Light filling layer uses light material, on the one hand can reduce whole The weight of precast light building cover board, on the other hand light filling layer also plays sound absorption, compares existing Building cover board, the noise jamming between floor can be greatly reduced, proved by test, the present invention's is prefabricated Lightweight building cover board lower noise 20-40%.

It addition, previously fabricated in factory, can make precast light building cover board quality higher and more stable all Weighing apparatus, dimensional accuracy is higher, it is easy to site operation.Concrete and framework of steel reinforcement sheet, reinforced mesh Common effect, can improve the crack resistance of concrete.

Industrialized building house provided by the present invention floor slab structure, by the precast light of industrialized production Building cover board, prefabricated lower deep gouge and prefabricated balcony assembly are bearing in the support beam of steel building, re-use Cast-in-place concrete connector is by precast light building cover board, prefabricated lower deep gouge, prefabricated balcony assembly and support Beam is fixing to be connected, and to complete the construction of whole floor plates, Present Domestic External building industry does not also have this building Veneer structure form.This industrialized building house floor slab structure work progress is simple, only need to enter at the scene Row is installed, splicing and ground surface construction, work progress the shortest and reach energy-conservation, material-saving, Save land, economize on water and reduce discharging the green building requirement of environmental protection;And this industrialized building house floor hardens Structure has the feature such as light weight, strong, the safety of seismic force.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described, in accompanying drawing:

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of precast light building cover board in the embodiment of the present invention 1.

Fig. 2 is the vertical view that in the embodiment of the present invention 2, precast light building cover board is connected with precast light building cover board Figure.

Fig. 3 is the profile of line A-A in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is the profile of line B-B in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is the top view that in the embodiment of the present invention 2, precast light building cover board is connected with prefabricated lower deep gouge.

Fig. 6 is the profile that in the embodiment of the present invention 2, precast light building cover board is connected with prefabricated lower deep gouge.

Fig. 7 is the profile that in the embodiment of the present invention 2, precast light building cover board is connected with prefabricated balcony assembly.

In figure: 1, support beam;2, precast light building cover board;20, finish coat;21, light filling layer; 210, light filling block;22, cementation part;23, framework of steel reinforcement sheet;24, reinforced mesh;25, coagulation Soil structure layer;26, preheating embedding line;3, prefabricated lower deep gouge;30, support;31, sinking portion;4、 Prefabricated balcony assembly;40, placing part;41, concrete flanging portion;410, support crossbeam;5, coagulation Soil connector;50, first connects reinforcing bar;51, second connects reinforcing bar;52, concrete articulamentum;6、 Railing.

Detailed description of the invention

In order to the technical characteristic of the present invention, purpose and effect are more clearly understood from, now compare accompanying drawing Describe the detailed description of the invention of the present invention in detail.

Embodiment 1

Fig. 1 illustrates the precast light building cover board 2 in the present invention, and this precast light building cover board 2 leads in the factory Cross automatic production line to be made.Precast light building cover board 2 includes finish coat 20, is arranged at finish coat Light filling layer 21 that being arranged by some light filling blocks 210 of 20 back sides is formed, for by finish coat 20 And position fixing cementation part 22 between light filling layer 21, between light filling block 210, insert reinforcing bar Matrix tablet 23, is equipped with reinforced mesh 24 after light filling layer 21, light filling layer 21 after-pouring has mixed Xtah Crude Clay structure layer 25, and concrete 25 extends to the gap between light filling layer 21 and general adorns Surface layer 20, reinforced mesh 24, framework of steel reinforcement sheet 23 are integral with light filling layer 21 cementation shape.

Finish coat 20 is for finial, and after precast light building cover board 2 is installed, roof is i.e. decorated, Finish coat 20 is directly and concrete 25 is formed integrally structure, it is not necessary to constructs at the scene, significantly saves Saving engineering time and construction cost, and when concrete 25 manufactures, due to concrete, to ooze people light Between matter filling block 210, it is integrally formed with finish coat 20 after consolidation so that the fixing jail of finish coat 20 Solidity is pasted more firm the most at the scene by cement mortar, difficult drop-off.And finish coat 20 arrange in advance in factory, the more convenient manufacture carrying out various style, shape of energy so that finish coat 20 should Wider by scope, use more different materials.Specifically, finish coat 20 can by some ceramic tiles, gypsum, The decoration panel (i.e. ceiling) that the materials such as calcium silicates, magnesia, PU material and PVC plastic glue, glass make It is spliced.

Light filling layer 21 is arranged on the back side of finish coat 20, some light filling blocks 210 arrange and Become.Specifically, light filling block 210 uses glass magnesium material (or other curable materials) foaming to generate Light material be made, glass magnesium material has lighter unit weight (≤200kg/m3) and certain strong Degree (>=3Mpa), forms cube, thickness on demand and size after being solidified by glass magnesium material mixed foaming It is cut into the back side that sheet block is placed in the finish coat 20 of platform steel loose tool.It is to be appreciated that light filling layer 21 use light material, on the one hand can reduce the weight of whole precast light building cover board 2, than traditional reinforcing bar Concrete building veneer structure weight reduction 50%;On the other hand light filling layer 21 also plays sound absorption, Compare existing building cover board, the noise jamming between floor can be greatly reduced, proved by test, this Bright precast light building cover board 2 lower noise 20-40%.

Be equipped with between light filling layer 21 and finish coat 20 for by finish coat 20, reinforced mesh 24, The cementation part 22 that framework of steel reinforcement sheet 23 is fixing with light filling layer 21 location, it is to avoid lightweight in manufacturing process Filling block 210 is shifted over, and affects the quality of precast light building cover board 2.

Framework of steel reinforcement sheet 23 is between light filling block 210, and reinforced mesh 24 is laid on light filling layer After 21, multiple first connects reinforcing bar 50 interval is embedded on precast light building cover board 2, xoncrete structure Layer 25 pour after after light filling layer 21, and extend to the gap between light filling layer 21 and will adorn Surface layer 20, reinforced mesh 24, framework of steel reinforcement sheet 23 are integral with light filling layer 21 cementation shape.Tool Body ground, first connects reinforcing bar 50 is embedded in the periphery of precast light building cover board 2, and its quantity can be existing by country Row code for structural design and normal data, determine through Calculation Anaysis for Tunnel Structure.It is to be appreciated that concrete knot Structure layer 25 is from light filling layer 21 after-pouring and extends to the gap between light filling layer 21 so that it is in Multi-ribbed plate shape, and its be use high-strength microdilatancy performance (strength grade >=C40 level) pea gravel concreten Moulding by casting in platform steel loose tool.Concrete 25 and framework of steel reinforcement sheet 23, reinforced mesh 24 Coefficient intensity, can bear various load and produce moment of flexure, shearing force, and improve concrete The crack resistance of 25.Specifically, the gauge of precast light building cover board 2 and the framework of steel reinforcement sheet 23 of configuration, Reinforced mesh 24, by national existing code for structural design and normal data, determines through Calculation Anaysis for Tunnel Structure.Can To understand ground, reinforced mesh 24 stretches out in precast light building cover board 2, in order to strengthen cast-in-place concrete The bonding strength of connector 5.

Concrete, first connect Part I that reinforcing bar 50 includes being embedded in precast light building cover board 2 with And stretch out the Part II of precast light building cover board 2, this Part II for for convenient transport, install and make Suspension ring, to increase the switching performance of concrete connector 5.

Preheating embedding line 26 is laid between light filling block 210, to avoid needing during subsequent construction Pipeline installation separately, affects construction progress, and pipeline installation separately on the floor slab structure laid, Affect the attractive in appearance of house inner surface the most to a certain extent.

Should be it is to be appreciated that precast light building cover board 2 be by finish coat 20 and concrete 25 Between lay light filling layer 21 so that it is with conventional steel bar concrete floor plates, there is equal stiffness, strong In the case of degree (bearing capacity), have from heavy and light (deadweight≤300kg/), compare conventional steel bar concrete Floor slab structure weight reduction 50%, has the effect of light weight, and the light filling layer 21 filled has The jamming-proof effect of good sound insulation, is experimentally confirmed, and noise can reduce 20-40%.It addition, in work Factory is previously fabricated, precast light building cover board 2 mass can be made higher and more stable equilibrium, dimensional accuracy Higher, it is easy to site operation.Concrete 25 and framework of steel reinforcement sheet 23, reinforced mesh 24 are common Effect, can improve the crack resistance of concrete 25.

Embodiment 2

The present embodiment open a kind of industrialized building house floor slab structure.This floor slab structure is arranged on steel In the support beam 1 of structural construction, it is possible to understand that ground, support beam 1 is the steel using Steel material to be made Beam.Specifically, this industrialized building house floor slab structure includes laterally arranging and be fixed on support beam 1 On some precast light building cover boards 2, the prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 of corresponding position, toilet and corresponding balcony position The prefabricated balcony assembly 4 put and cast-in-place concrete connector 5.Wherein, precast light building cover board 2, Prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 and prefabricated balcony assembly 4 all complete in factory, during site operation, by prefabricated gently Matter building cover board 2, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 and prefabricated balcony assembly 4 are bearing in support beam 1, then adjacent (as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3) is connected by cast-in-place concrete connector 5 between precast light building cover board 2, By cast-in-place concrete connector 5 to realize between precast light building cover board 2 and prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 Connection (as shown in Figure 5, Figure 6) between precast light building cover board 2 and prefabricated lower deep gouge 3;Prefabricated gently Between matter building cover board 2 and prefabricated balcony assembly 4 by cast-in-place concrete connector 5 with realize prefabricated gently Matter building cover board 2 and the connection (as shown in Figure 7) of prefabricated balcony assembly 4, to complete a flood building The installation of floor slab structure.It is to be appreciated that precast light building cover board 2 is the monolithic of prefabrication Plate, and floor slab structure is by some pieces of precast light building cover boards 2, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3, prefabricated balcony group Part 4 and cast-in-place concrete connector 5 connect the structure of the flood building floor formed.

The form of construction work of this floor slab structure is to use the precast light building cover board 2 of factory's batch production, pre- The lower deep gouge 3 of system and prefabricated balcony assembly 4, then by situ wet operation, the most cast-in-place concrete connector 5 Support beam by precast light building cover board 2, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 and prefabricated balcony assembly 4 with steel building 1 couples together, to complete the installation of a flood building floor plates;Its process is the shortest, and can Effectively realize " building energy conservation, building-save land, building water-saving and water, cutting down the construction's materials " and " protection environment " Building standard;And this industrialized building house floor slab structure has, and light weight, seismic force be strong, peace Congruence feature.

Specifically, as it is shown in figure 1, precast light building cover board 2 includes finish coat 20, is arranged at finish coat Light filling layer 21 that being arranged by some light filling blocks 210 of 20 back sides is formed, for by finish coat 20 And position fixing cementation part 22 between light filling layer 21, between light filling block 210, insert reinforcing bar Matrix tablet 23, is equipped with reinforced mesh 24 after light filling layer 21, light filling layer 21 after-pouring has mixed Xtah Crude Clay structure layer 25, and concrete 25 extends to the gap between light filling layer 21 and general adorns Surface layer 20, reinforced mesh 24, framework of steel reinforcement sheet 23 are integral with light filling layer 21 cementation shape.This In embodiment, it is front with the facing direction of finish coat 20, with finish coat 20 back side to concrete After the direction of 25 is.Specifically, framework of steel reinforcement sheet 23 and reinforced mesh 24 can pass through manufacturer's standard metaplasia Producing, production efficiency is high, to improve the production efficiency of precast light building cover board 2.It is to be appreciated that it is prefabricated Lightweight building cover board 2 also includes the preheating embedding line 26 being arranged between light filling block 210.

Specifically, the manufacturing process of precast light building cover board 2 comprises the steps:

S1: prepare the platform steel loose tool for producing precast light building cover board 2.

S2: the finish coat 20 formed for some decoration panels at platform steel loose tool bottom surface lay, precast light Building cover board 2 manufacturing process is laid finish coat 20, precast light building cover board 2 can be made to install after, its roof I.e. completing decoration, by finish coat 20, directly and concrete 25 is formed integrally structure, it is not necessary in building Needing laying ceiling of constructing separately after cover plate installation, to reach the saving construction time, saving is constructed into This etc. purpose, and when concrete 25 manufactures, owing to concrete oozes people's light filling block 210 Between, it is integrally formed with finish coat 20 after consolidation so that the fixing fastness of finish coat 20 is compared existing Technology is pasted more firm at the scene by cement mortar, difficult drop-off.And finish coat 20 is in factory in advance Arrangement, the more convenient manufacture carrying out various style, shape of energy so that finish coat 20 range of application is wider, Use more different materials, as finish coat 20 can by some ceramic tiles, gypsum, calcium silicates, magnesia, The decoration panel (i.e. ceiling) that the materials such as PU material and PVC plastic glue, glass make is spliced.

S3: lay at finish coat 20 back side and arranged the light filling layer formed by some light filling blocks 210 21.Specifically, light filling block 210 uses glass magnesium material (or other curable materials) foaming to generate Light material be made, glass magnesium material has lighter unit weight (≤200kg/m3) and certain strong Degree (>=3Mpa), forms cube, thickness on demand and size after being solidified by glass magnesium material mixed foaming It is cut into the back side that sheet block is placed in the finish coat 20 of platform steel loose tool.It is to be appreciated that light filling layer 21 use light material, on the one hand can reduce the weight of whole precast light building cover board 2, than traditional reinforcing bar Concrete building veneer structure weight reduction 50%;On the other hand light filling layer 21 also plays sound absorption, Compare existing building cover board, the noise jamming between floor can be greatly reduced, proved by test, this Bright precast light building cover board 2 lower noise 20-40%.

It is to be appreciated that for ensureing the light filling formed in manufacturing process by some light filling blocks 210 Layer 21 does not deforms, and before laying light filling layer 21, lays at the back side of finish coat 20 and is used for Finish coat 20 and light filling layer 21 are positioned fixing cementation part 22, to avoid in follow-up production process Light filling block 210 is shifted over, and then affects the quality of precast light building cover board 2.

S4: lay preheating embedding line 26 between light filling block 210, to avoid during subsequent construction Need pipeline installation separately, affect construction progress, and lay separately on the floor slab structure laid Pipeline, affects the attractive in appearance of house inner surface the most to a certain extent.

S5: insert framework of steel reinforcement sheet 23 between light filling block 210, lay after light filling layer 21 Reinforced mesh 24, and it is spaced pre-buried multiple first connection reinforcing bar 50 at precast light building cover board 2, exist subsequently Light filling layer 21 after-pouring concrete 25, this concrete 25 extends to light filling Gap between layer 21 by finish coat 20, reinforced mesh 24, framework of steel reinforcement sheet 23 and light filling layer 21 cementation shapes are integral.It is to be appreciated that the first connection reinforcing bar 50 is embedded in precast light building cover board 2 Periphery, its quantity can be true through Calculation Anaysis for Tunnel Structure by national existing code for structural design and normal data Fixed.Concrete, first connect Part I that reinforcing bar 50 includes being embedded in precast light building cover board 2 with And stretch out the Part II of precast light building cover board 2, this Part II for for convenient transport, install and make Suspension ring, to increase the switching performance of concrete connector 5.It is to be appreciated that reinforced mesh 24 is stretched For precast light building cover board 2, in order to strengthen the bonding strength of cast-in-place concrete connector 5.

It is to be appreciated that concrete 25 from light filling layer 21 after-pouring and extends to lightweight and fills out Fill the gap between layer 21 so that it is in multi-ribbed plate shape, and it is to use high-strength microdilatancy performance (intensity etc. Level >=C40 level) pea gravel concreten moulding by casting in platform steel loose tool.Concrete 25 and steel Muscle matrix tablet 23, the coefficient intensity of reinforced mesh 24, can bear various load and produce moment of flexure, shearing Power, and improve the crack resistance of concrete 25.Specifically, the thickness gauge of precast light building cover board 2 Very little and the framework of steel reinforcement sheet 23 of configuration, reinforced mesh 24 press national existing code for structural design and normal data, Determine through Calculation Anaysis for Tunnel Structure.

S6: reach the demoulding after to a certain degree in xoncrete structure solidification, place vertically and finish coat 20 is adornd After face cleaning processes, complete the making of precast light building cover board 2.

This precast light building cover board 2 in manufacturing process, finish coat 20 and concrete 25 it Between lay light filling layer 21 so that it is with conventional steel bar concrete floor plates, there is equal stiffness, intensity In the case of (bearing capacity), have from heavy and light (deadweight≤300kg/), ratio conventional steel bar concrete building Veneer structure weight reduction 50%, has the effect of light weight, and the light filling layer 21 filled has good The good jamming-proof effect of sound insulation, is experimentally confirmed, and noise can reduce 20-40%.It addition, in factory Previously fabricated, lightweight building cover board quality can be made higher and more stable equilibrium, dimensional accuracy is higher, easily In site operation.

As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 includes the support being bearing in support beam 1 upper end face 30 with relative to support beam 1 upper end face sink sinking portion 31, described prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 is integral prefabricated Integral.Specifically, the sinking space of prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 lays draining for reserving for sanitary door, kitchen The space of pipeline.

It is to be appreciated that when making prefabricated lower deep gouge 3, concrete is cast in prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 Solidify on mould.In floor slab structure work progress, the support 30 of prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 is put Put in support beam 1, re-use cast-in-place concrete connector 5 by prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 and precast light Building cover board 2 connects, and work progress is simple.It is to be appreciated that for realize prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 with prefabricated gently The connection of matter building cover board 2, when making prefabricated lower deep gouge 3, needs propping up of the mould toward prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 Bearing portion 30 location interval is laid a number of first and is connected reinforcing bar 50.Specifically, first connects reinforcing bar 50 peripheries being embedded in support 30, its quantity can by national existing code for structural design and normal data, Determine through Calculation Anaysis for Tunnel Structure.Specifically, the first connection reinforcing bar 50 includes being embedded in prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 Part I in support 30 and stretch out the Part II of support 30 of prefabricated lower deep gouge 3, this is the years old Two parts can be the suspension ring for conveniently transporting, installing and using.It is to be appreciated that for strengthen prefabricated under The intensity of deep gouge 3, can lay steel in support 30 with sinking portion 31 when prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 makes Muscle, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 is stretched out in the one end of the reinforcing bar being laid on support 30.

As it is shown in fig. 7, described prefabricated balcony assembly 4 includes bearing placing part 40 He in support beam 1 The concrete flanging portion 41 for installing balcony balustrade not contacted with support beam 1;Concrete flanging portion 41 Inside being provided with support crossbeam 410, prefabricated balcony assembly 4 is integral prefabricated integral.It is to be appreciated that placing part 40 are connected with precast light building cover board 2 and support beam 1 by concrete connector 5, concrete flanging portion 41 are arranged on other limits beyond placing part 40 and precast light building cover board 2 contact edge.

In floor slab structure work progress, by placing part 40 bearing of prefabricated balcony assembly 4 in support beam On 1, re-use cast-in-place concrete connector 5 by prefabricated balcony assembly 4 with precast light building cover board 2 even Connecing, work progress is simple.It is to be appreciated that for realizing prefabricated balcony assembly 4 and precast light building cover board 2 Connection, when making prefabricated balcony assembly 4, need the placing part 40 of mould toward prefabricated balcony assembly 4 Location interval is laid a number of first and is connected reinforcing bar 50.Specifically, the first connection reinforcing bar 50 is embedded in The periphery of placing part 40, its quantity can be by national existing code for structural design and normal data, through structure meter Calculation and Analysis determines.Specifically, the first connection reinforcing bar 50 includes being embedded in holding of prefabricated balcony assembly 4 Put the Part I in portion 40 and stretch out the Part II of placing part 40 of prefabricated balcony assembly 4, Two parts can be for convenient transport, the suspension ring of installation.It is to be appreciated that prefabricated balcony group to be strengthened The intensity of part 4, can be in placing part 40 and concrete flanging portion 41 when prefabricated balcony assembly 4 makes Lay reinforcing bar, be laid on the extended placing part of reinforcing bar 40 of placing part 40, with beneficially in prefabricated balcony group When concrete connector 5 cast-in-place between part 4 with precast light building cover board 2 is connected, strengthens it and connect strong Degree.

Concrete connector 5 includes that spaced multiple first connects reinforcing bar 50 and be fixed on support beam 1 On multiple second connect the concrete articulamentum 52 that reinforcing bars 51 and cast-in-place concrete are formed, concrete Articulamentum 52 connects multiple first reinforcing bars 50 and is connected reinforcing bar 51 with multiple second to pour into a mould shape integral. Specifically, multiple first connection reinforcing bar 50 intervals are embedded in precast light building cover board 2, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 Or prefabricated balcony assembly 4.Specifically, the second connection reinforcing bar 51 is to squeeze into support beam 1 during operation at the scene On peg or be fixed on the reinforcing bar in support beam 1 by welding manner, this peg or one of reinforcing bar Dividing submerges in support beam 1, and another part stretches out outside support beam 1.First connects reinforcing bar 50 includes first Part and Part II, Part I is embedded in precast light building cover board 2, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 or prefabricated sun In platform assembly 4;Part II stretches out precast light building cover board 2, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 or prefabricated balcony respectively Assembly 4 and being cast in concrete articulamentum 52, it is possible to understand that ground, Part II can be for convenient Transport, the suspension ring installed.

When constructing at the scene, situ wet operation need to be carried out to use cast-in-place concrete connector 5 by prefabricated Lightweight building cover board 2 be connected with precast light building cover board 2 (as shown in Figure 3), precast light building cover board 2 with The support beam 1 of steel building exterior wall connect (as shown in Figure 4), precast light building cover board 2 with prefabricated under Deep gouge 3 connects (as shown in Figure 5, Figure 6), precast light building cover board 2 is connected with prefabricated balcony assembly 4 (as shown in Figure 7).During field operation, cast concrete articulamentum 52 is to connect reinforcing bar 50 points by first Do not stretch out precast light building cover board 2, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 or the Part II of prefabricated balcony assembly 4 and second After connecting the partial consolidation outside reinforcing bar 51 stretches out support beam 1, make support beam 1 and precast light building cover board 2, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3, prefabricated balcony assembly 4 are connected as an entirety.It is to be appreciated that install at the scene During construction, stretch out staggered cooperation between the reinforced mesh 24 of precast light building cover board 2, stretch out precast light The reinforced mesh 24 of building cover board 2 and the reinforcing bar stretching out prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 be staggered to be coordinated, stretch out precast light The reinforced mesh 24 of building cover board 2 is staggered with the reinforcing bar stretching out prefabricated balcony assembly 4 to be coordinated, and re-uses scene The concrete of cast is by support beam 1 and precast light building cover board 2, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3, prefabricated balcony assembly 4 are connected as an entirety so that it is connect effect more preferable.

It is to be appreciated that precast light building cover board 2, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 and the periphery of prefabricated balcony assembly 4 For up-narrow and down-wide tongue-and-groove structure, tongue-and-groove structure can make cast-in-place concrete articulamentum 52 form side formation Connector wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, increase cast-in-place concrete connector 5 and precast light building cover board 2, prefabricated under The contact area of the periphery of deep gouge 3 or prefabricated balcony assembly 4, increases its field of load, makes concrete even The connection of fitting 5 is tightr.

After this industrialized building house floor slab structure installation completes, examine through building engineering construction quality Test and obtain: (1) is 14.9kN/m through checking the maximum (normal) stress of this floor slab structure2, much smaller than C40 Compressive strength standard value 17.9kN/m of concrete2;(2) through checking the maximum shear stress of this floor slab structure it is 9.5kN/mm2, being calculated 1 meter of span magnitude of maximum shearing stress is 475N;And actually detected to cut should Force value is 35910N.2008-2009 in Guangzhou University's earthquake resistant engineering research center to this building structure mould Intend the Experimental Study on Seismic Behavior carried out, and (report number is report to obtain template earthquake vibration platform test report -GO-EERTC-2008-012-vibrates).This test report show this floor slab structure under 8 degree greatly shake its Structure meets the story drift requirement of earthquake resistant code.

Shown in sum up, this industrialized building house floor slab structure has that light weight, seismic force be strong, safety Etc. feature.

The precast light building cover board 2 of industrialized building house provided by the present invention floor slab structure, prefabricated under Deep gouge 3 and prefabricated balcony assembly 4 are produced in batches the most in the factory, its production efficiency height and low cost. At the scene in work progress, precast light building cover board 2, prefabricated lower deep gouge 3 and prefabricated balcony assembly 4 are existed The laggard row positioning correcting that puts in place, the i.e. place of being attached are installed in the support beam 1 of steel house and use coagulation Soil cast, connects the installation of exterior wall, completes the construction of whole building construction major project project.This with Industrialized mode carries out turning of the construction in house, unlatching town and country building construction pattern and construction industry development mode Become, it is achieved the requirements of " green building action scheme ", promote social harmony development, promotes the well-being of mankind Great cause.

The present invention is illustrated by several specific embodiments, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that, Without departing from the present invention, it is also possible to the present invention is carried out various conversion and equivalent substitutes. It addition, for particular condition or concrete condition, the present invention can be made various amendment, without deviating from this Bright scope.Therefore, the present invention is not limited to disclosed specific embodiment, and should include falling into this Whole embodiments in invention right.

Claims (5)

1. an industrialized building house floor slab structure, it is characterised in that: include laterally arranging and fixing Some precast light building cover boards (2) in support beam (1), the prefabricated lower deep gouge of corresponding position, toilet (3) and the prefabricated balcony assembly (4) of corresponding balcony position, described precast light building cover board (2), pre- The lower deep gouge (3) of system and prefabricated balcony assembly (4) are bearing in described support beam (1);Described prefabricated gently Between matter building cover board (2) and described prefabricated balcony assembly (4), described precast light building cover board (2) with By existing between described prefabricated lower deep gouge (3) and between adjacent described precast light building cover board (2) The concrete connector (5) watered connects;
Described precast light building cover board (2) includes finish coat (20), is arranged at described finish coat (20) back of the body Face by some light filling blocks (210) arrange is formed light filling layer (21), be used for by described facing The cementation part (22) that layer (20) is fixing with described light filling layer (21) location, described light filling block (210) insert framework of steel reinforcement sheet (23) between, after described light filling layer (21), be equipped with bar-mat reinforcement Sheet (24), described light filling layer (21) after-pouring has concrete (25), and described concrete Structure sheaf (25) extend to the gap between described light filling layer (21) and by described finish coat (20), Reinforced mesh (24), framework of steel reinforcement sheet (23) are integral with light filling layer (21) cementation shape;Institute State finish coat (20) to be spliced by decoration panel;
Described concrete connector (5) includes spaced multiple first connection reinforcing bar (50), is fixed on Multiple the second of described support beam (1) connects reinforcing bar (51) and cast-in-place concrete articulamentum (52); Described concrete articulamentum (52) connects reinforcing bar (50) by the plurality of first and is connected with the plurality of second Reinforcing bar (51) cast shape is integral;Described first connects reinforcing bar (50) includes Part I and second Point, described Part I is embedded in described precast light building cover board (2), prefabricated lower deep gouge (3) or prefabricated In balcony assemblies (4);Described Part II stretch out respectively described precast light building cover board (2), prefabricated under Deep gouge (3) or prefabricated balcony assembly (4), and be cast in described concrete articulamentum (52).
Industrialized building house the most according to claim 1 floor slab structure, it is characterised in that: institute State the preheating embedding line that precast light building cover board (2) also includes being arranged between described light filling block (210) (26)。
Industrialized building house the most according to claim 1 floor slab structure, it is characterised in that: institute State prefabricated lower deep gouge (3) and include being bearing in support (30) and the phase of described support beam (1) upper end face The sinking portion (31) that described support beam (1) upper end face is sunk;Described prefabricated lower deep gouge (3) is whole Body is prefabricated into one.
Industrialized building house the most according to claim 1 floor slab structure, it is characterised in that: institute State prefabricated balcony assembly (4) include bearing placing part (40) in described support beam (1) and not with institute Stating the concrete flanging portion (41) for installing balcony balustrade that support beam (1) contacts, described concrete turns over Support crossbeam (410) it is provided with in edge (41);Described prefabricated balcony assembly (4) is integral prefabricated integral.
Industrialized building house the most according to claim 1 floor slab structure, it is characterised in that: institute The periphery stating precast light building cover board (2), prefabricated lower deep gouge (3) and prefabricated balcony assembly (4) is upper narrow Lower wide tongue-and-groove structure.
CN201410185369.4A 2014-05-04 2014-05-04 A kind of precast light building cover board and industrialized building house floor slab structure CN104005502B (en)

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