CN103821276B - A kind of assembled, modular architectural system - Google Patents

A kind of assembled, modular architectural system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103821276B
CN103821276B CN201410077374.3A CN201410077374A CN103821276B CN 103821276 B CN103821276 B CN 103821276B CN 201410077374 A CN201410077374 A CN 201410077374A CN 103821276 B CN103821276 B CN 103821276B
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China
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plate
steel
steel skeleton
installing plate
rectangle framework
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CN201410077374.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103821276A (en
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闫运杰
姚树刚
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沈阳诺思达智能设备有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/90Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies cross-cutting to different types of waste
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

A kind of assembled, modular architectural system belong to technical field of buildings, relate to a kind of structure being characterized with removable, removable or foldable part, specifically, relate to a kind of novel assembled, modular architectural system.The building system of the present invention have energy-conserving and environment-protective, save raw material, the construction period is fast, building energy consumption is little, anti-seismic performance is good, soundproof effect is good, house effective area is big, can repeatedly have enough to meet the need use and the feature such as cheap.The present invention includes shingle nail system, roof boarding system, network frame plate system, and floor system;Above-mentioned system all includes the basic plate of steel skeleton, the basic plate of steel skeleton is rectangle framework, rectangle framework built-in heat insulation plate, in warming plate, is provided with, between two long limits of rectangle framework, the support column being parallel to each other vertically, is additionally provided with net corresponding with its area in warming plate;Four angles of rectangle framework side and the junction of warming plate are provided with steel plate.

Description

A kind of assembled, modular architectural system

Technical field

The invention belongs to technical field of buildings, relate to a kind of knot being characterized with removable, removable or foldable part Structure, specifically, relates to a kind of novel assembled, modular architectural system.

Background technology

At present, the construction market of China uses traditional handicraft the most in large quantities, the common drawback that traditional handicraft exists: produce In link, raw material produces and ecological environment and the energy causes huge and expendable destruction, such as: clay brick is to soil Ground resource causes considerable damage, and country the most progressively forbids producing.In construction link, the waste of raw material scene is too big, builds rubbish Rubbish pollutes environment, builds dust pollution air, builds influence of noise resident living, and the construction period is long, and architectural energy consumption is big.And house Effective area is little, and building up rear material can not utilize by secondary, can cause again a large amount of building waste after moving.It addition, building cost is high, Along with expanding economy, the rise of labour cost, building cost is riseing with the speed of 10% every year.

For the shortcoming of above existing building structure, country puts into effect the policy of a series of encouragement modern architecture industries, for reaching To " putting up a house in factory ", the purpose of " putting up a house as dress automobile ", planning is proposed: modern architecture industrialization is that tradition is built Build the great change in industry developmental pattern and path, be with element precast metaplasia product, fabricated construction as the mode of production, to design mark Standardization, component component, mechanization of building operation are characterized, and attach most importance to leading industry, product, by Integration Design, produce, construct Etc. whole industrial chain, the various production factors of optimum organization, carry out regional layout, Virtual production, scale construction, seriation Processing, socialized service system, the modern management mode of enterprise-style management and the form of industrial organization.Its essence is traditional architecture industry Undergo technological transformation, promote the process of building industry scientific and technological progress.

In terms of world wide, a lot of countries are all higher in the industry rate of development architectural industrialization, especially house, example Industrialization ratio such as Japan and U.S.'s house reaches 70%, and Britain reaches more than 75%, and Sweden has reached more than 80% the most.Method The building industrialization starting of state relatively early, is " first generation building industrialization ", with full assembled from last century fifties the to the seventies Big plate and tool-typed formwork cast in place process are mark;After the seventies, transition is " second filial generation building industrialization ", with general component and fitting Goods and equipment are characterized.Different from the extensive prefabrication and assembly construction route in Europe, the U.S. does not very carry " architectural industrialization ", but Their building industry remains along architectural industrialization Road Development, and has reached higher level, and the most emphasis on personalized, Variation.Owing to the concrete condition of every country is different, the implementation of architectural industrialization also exists two kinds of trend: one is method Many countries such as state, Japan, the former Soviet Union, Sweden, Finland all strive for the method for standardization component and fitting composition building, i.e. General system principle;Another trend is to reduce sizing unit, makes standardization and variation preferably unite.At present, I The building amount of state accounts for the 50% of world architecture total amount, but building industry rate is only 7%.

The most in recent years, along with China to the encouragement of modern architecture industry and support, novel modern architecture industry is being rung Under answering energy-saving and environmental protection, quick, safety the most angularly, novel modern architecture product, building construction technique, such as " emerging rapidly in large numbersBamboo shoots after a spring rain " As emerge in an endless stream.

The current existing novel modern architecture industry development of China is divided into both of which to develop generally: 1, at building enclosure In structure.Substantially still, continuing the construction technology of traditional architecture, selection New Building Materials are as architectural exterior-protecting construction, such as: Fly ash building block, foam cement masonry structure and lattice hollow light building block (Patent No. 201120514927.9), EPS foamed concrete grouting exterior wall (Patent No. 201220189578.2) etc..This is a kind of to carry over traditional building processes " offer the same old stuff but with a different label ", the change of " curing the symptoms, not the disease ", select the most on building materials some more meet country subtract energy-conservation The product that row, environment protection treating require.Therefore its shortcoming: changing degree inadequate, drawback is the most thoroughly taken on a new look;But advantage: Promotion resistance is little, it is easier to be applied to building trade.

2, new builing structure and the novel building building enclosure of new technology are utilized.I.e. utilize concrete miscellaneous Soil component, the construction house as " playing with building blocks ".This is also the ideal architecture pattern that country encourages the most, Architecture Department of the present invention System is just under the jurisdiction of the second, the product of a kind of new builing structure utilizing new technology and novel building building enclosure and construction work Skill.It is directed to the invention of this building system, modern domestic building industry development course two kinds of plank frames nothing more than: one is nothing Skeleton plank frame, such as: the products such as light cellular partition board, prestressed concrete Side fascia, such as, the list that market share is higher Unit's formula assembling concrete exterior wall system (number of patent application is 201210268026.5).Another kind is to have skeleton plank frame, its In have bound form to be divided into again concrete skeleton form and steel skeleton form.

Wherein, the shortcoming of exoskeletal plank frame: thickness of slab, cost are higher, (generally every plate is to contain door and window to plate area greatly Hole, can be under traffic condition, a length of post be away from, the plate width of a width of floor height) cause that assembling process is the highest to crane requirement, transport Difficulty is affected by route and limit for height and is increased, and tracing it to its cause is because bone free frame plate and is dependent on integral slab and internal reinforcing bar as being subject to Power system, active force is passed to beam column construction by reinforcing bar, and existing concrete material amount of deflection is excessive, can ftracture, and its span is big, face Long-pending big, if rigidity is low, inevitable amount of deflection is big, so requiring the highest to thickness of slab and concrete strength.And forming process needs Want the template system that flat-die and Bian Mo make jointly, by pouring, Vibration Technology molding, treat that curing strength can support form removal After, form removal can be carried out, Making programme is complicated;Big, from heavy because of plate width again, it is desirable to have slingcart auxiliary produces, installs.And Existing building has aesthetic demands, and pursuit is all personalized, causes individual variation relatively big, so almost all of template is the most not Can reuse, and in the cost of bone free frame plate engineering, die sinking expense accounts for total cost 30%, great type equipment investment accounts for always makes The 10% of valency, and different template can only be produced according to different Form of Architectures, it is impossible to accomplish standardized production, continuous operations.Institute Although with can factorial praluction, the labour cost of production process reduces, and installation period is short, installation process labour cost and installation cost Low;But still cannot make up die sinking expense, fixed value produces interest on investment expense;So, current bone free frame plate cost is still higher than Traditional handicraft, although and installation period short, but count in making the duration, its total lever factor compares the traditional handicraft duration and there is no excellent Gesture, therefore traction is the poorest.

The shortcoming having concrete skeleton system in skeleton system is much like with exoskeletal system plate, although advantage by point Tearing open and solve the problem that plate is excessive, be beneficial to transport, cost is low, fire-resistant.But it is still that the processing mould when running into customed product Plate time length, costly;The template difficulty of processing of concrete skeleton system plate, because there being skeleton rib, is compared more exoskeletal The template system of plate is processed and changes the difficulty of mould more greatly, and bone free frame plate can also carry out changing mould, and concrete skeleton plate hardly may be used Change mould, can only re-work, if later production is not the most applied, will result in huge waste.Further, applying Journey also exposes a big shortcoming, i.e. connecting portion anchorage length of steel bar and intensity and is unsatisfactory for requirement, be unfavorable for making for a long time With and antidetonation.Such as, the domestic prefabricated big wallboard of frame lightweight (number of patent application 201220261699.3) more typically.

Applicant, through numerous studies for many years, experiment and the market analysis, develops reinforcing bar frame plate, and patent name is: a kind of The heat-insulation wall plate of frame structure, Patent No.: 201220342163.4, it includes a rectangle framework, and its structural feature is: Between two long limits of described rectangle framework, some support columns, the frame that rectangle framework and support column surround are vertically arranged it Net it is provided with in frame;The side of rectangle framework, and the support column of homonymy is provided with cushion block, the outside of cushion block is steel plate, Steel plate is connected with body of wall outer plaque by bolt, and the opposite side of rectangle framework is connected with body of wall trim panel by bolt;Described Net and body of wall outer plaque and body of wall trim panel between fill insulation material, the limit of rectangle framework is provided with sealing joint strip. This reinforcing bar frame plate is to utilize shaped steel to be welded into steel framework as skeleton, make the insulation material that pours as core by bar-mat reinforcement with Skeleton cooperation.Skeleton can be connected by angle steel and bolt with steel column or concrete column, reaches the peace of ash wall body plate and pillar Full connection.

But, this patented product comes into operation through applicant is substantial amounts of, finds to still suffer from following shortcoming also in practice Making following improvement: 1, structure is complicated, particularly anti-" cold bridge " part-structure is the most complicated, is not suitable for factory's large-scale production, In actual application, after product is installed, seam portion is easily affected by thermal expansion and contraction and ftractures.2, the welding shape to steel skeleton Formula does not carry out in-depth study, so that steel skeleton welding fastness is inadequate, particularly light-gauge steel section is after a long time use, especially Being after by a certain degree of corrosion, in fact it could happen that welding portion, there is the phenomenon weakened in the strength of materials, and even has the danger of cracking , there is safely totally unfavorable impact to building enclosure in danger.3, consider deficiency to installing, do not have too much relate to mounting means and Mounting process.With steel frame insulation light plate (patent No.: 201320101194.5), and the heat-insulation wall plate of frame structure (201220342163.4) shortcoming is similar.

The present invention is aiming at the problems referred to above, compensate for lacking of 201220342163.4 patented products and other prior aries Point, and the application process of whole building system has been carried out Modeling Research, and test, it is provided that a kind of novel assembling Formula, modular building system;This system has energy-conserving and environment-protective, saving raw material, the construction period is fast, building energy consumption is little, antidetonation Performance is good, soundproof effect is good, house effective area is big, can repeatedly have enough to meet the need use and the feature such as cheap.

For realizing the above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that.

The present invention includes shingle nail system, roof boarding system, network frame plate system, and floor system.

All including in above-mentioned system that the basic plate of steel skeleton, the basic plate of described steel skeleton are rectangle framework, its structure is wanted Point: rectangle framework built-in heat insulation plate, in described warming plate, be provided with vertically between two long limits of rectangle framework the most flat The support column of row, is additionally provided with net corresponding with its area in warming plate;Four angles of rectangle framework side and warming plate Junction be provided with steel plate.

Further, suspension ring can be respectively provided with on two long limits of described rectangle framework.Described suspension ring and rectangle Framework is threaded connection, and each long limit of rectangle framework can arrange two suspension ring, lays respectively at first and the 3rd support At post;Before installation, suspension ring can be screwed on, after installation, suspension ring can be backed out.

In order to play preferably fire prevention and heat insulation effect, as a kind of preferred version of the basic plate of steel skeleton, described guarantor Temperature plate employing weight proportion is: the EPS granular polystyrene of 10% ~ 30% or perlite, the portland cement of 30% ~ 50%, and 30% ~ 40% Flyash make.

The rectangle framework of one of the key component as the basic plate structure of steel skeleton, it is contemplated that raw-material Save, and the load-bearing of corner brace;Described rectangle framework can use cold-formed thin-walled C steel, channel-section steel or cold bending thin wall square steel Manage, and described support column can use angle steel or cold bending thin wall square steel tube.

For making steel plate be firmly placed in the junction at four angles of rectangle framework and warming plate, one can be arranged in warming plate Junction steel plate orthogonal with steel plate, the side of this junction steel plate is corresponding with the side of support column, and will even by welding Connect steel plate and support column fixes, and the junction of four angles of steel plate and rectangle framework and warming plate is also adopted by being welded and fixed.

Specifically, the described a length of 6000 ~ 9000mm of rectangle framework, a width of 900 ~ 1800mm, thickness is 100 ~ 300mm, if rectangle framework cold-formed thin-walled C steel, its a size of: C80 ~ C300, thickness is 2.5 ~ 3mm;Rectangle framework (if hot rolling is common) channel-section steel, its a size of: [8 ~ [25;If rectangle framework cold bending thin wall square steel tube, its a size of: 80 ~ 250, thickness is 2.5 ~ 3mm.If support column angle steel, its a size of: ∠ 30 ~ ∠ 50, thickness is 3 ~ 5mm;Support column If cold bending thin wall square steel tube, its a size of: 30 ~ 50, thickness is 3 ~ 5mm.The thickness of steel plate is 10 ~ 20mm, long and wide It is 90 ~ 250mm.

It addition, the thickness that described warming plate does not has the side of steel plate to expose rectangle framework is 20 ~ 50mm;Its objective is: Prevent " cold bridge " effect of plate exposure from causing indoor condensation.

The present invention and traditional product of the prior art, the beneficial effect of technique.

(1) energy-conserving and environment-protective: the building thermal insulation material amount broad in the middle of watering of the basic plate of steel skeleton in building system of the present invention uses Flyash, waste and old EPS granular polystyrene, country is processed industrial refuse can play a positive role.Steel skeleton basic plate conduct Prefabricated components enter when building site is installed and do not produce dust, do not produce noise, will not produce building waste;So, this building system Work progress very environmental protection.And the heat-insulating property of this building system is much better than existing block structure, building energy-saving is had prominent Effect, and manufacturing process is without heat treatment, and production process is the most energy-conservation.

(2) raw material is saved: the basic plate of steel skeleton in building system of the present invention can require to make according to design, batch production Produce, so no matter from making link, or fixing link, raw material can not wasted, raw material utilization rate is almost 100%。

(3) construction period is fast: owing to the building system of the present invention uses fabricated construction, as a example by wallboard: by angle steel and spiral shell Bolt with building post be connected, can substantial amounts of saving artificial.Such as: a 10m2Ash wall body plate, by crane sling installation in place, Used time is less than 10 minutes, it is only necessary to twist-on 4 overlaps ~ 8 set bolts, so work progress is extremely simple and convenience;The tradition side of building by laying bricks or stones Formula 10 m2Metope needs a big work just can complete plus the unskilled labourer time of one day;And other precoated plate system at present Bolt can't be broken through be linked and packed this technology, welding can only be relied on to complete.

(4) building energy consumption is little: owing to the core of the basic plate of the steel skeleton in building system of the present invention is warming plate, insulation effect Fruit is equivalent to 8 times of traditional 370 Rhizoma Begoniae Willsonii walls, and the refrigeration in house, the expense that heats will reduce more than several times.

(5) anti-seismic performance is good: the building system shingle nail system of the present invention is light material, and its weight is only tradition body of wall 1/10, separately owing to being connected with frame structure system, therefore anti-seismic performance can substantially be superior to traditional structure.

(6) soundproof effect is good: due to selection is the comprehensive light material core (warming plate) as shingle nail system, its Internal structure is fluffy, is unfavorable for sound conduction, and under same thickness premise, noise reduction capability is more than traditional structure 45db.

(7) house effective area is big: in the case of being better than traditional brick masonry panel heat insulation effect, it is also possible to greatly subtract The thickness of few ash wall body plate, thus increase effective usable floor area of building.

(8) can repeatedly have enough to meet the need use: traditional architecture house, it is impossible to resettlement, can only remove, substantial amounts of building rubbish can be produced Rubbish.The building system of the present invention uses assembled bolt to connect, and therefore ash wall body plate can be had enough to meet the need, and compiles in case of moved dismountable rear material Number, strange land rebuilds, it is possible to have manufacturer to reclaim, and uses with the engineering collocation that will occur, it is only necessary to carry out surface simple process, Difference is not seen after stenciling coating.The building being connected with steel structure frame, its material repeat usage can be built close to 70% The residual value of thing contrasts existing traditional structure will rise more than 10 times.

(9) expenditure of construction is lower: the basic plate of steel skeleton in building system of the present invention is owing to using batch production streamline raw Producing, product material is light, and operation is simple, and therefore the cost of material is low;Site operation employing assembled, substantial amounts of use mechanization, can Significantly to reduce cost of labor so that final building comprehensive cost reduces at least one times than traditional brick masonry construction cost Above.

Present invention beneficial effect compared with other precoated plate systems existing.

(1) present invention has created " modularity " feature, can accomplish that " plate " is general, and being " basic plate " can be by outward Adding component, combination meets shingle nail, roof boarding, floorboard, network frame plate different parts and function and uses.This can farthest expire Foot industrialization development demand, factory can farthest liberate production capacity, because the multiformity of demand cannot be accurately positioned not ask Topic.

(2) " the shingle nail installation system " of present invention original creation, is installed by bolt, has farthest liberated crane, phase Relatively for other precoated plate systems, speed faster, is easily installed.

(3) due to the fact that the feature of " modularity ", for other precoated plates that compare, batch production can be made " base This plate " after, Assembling becomes building demand plate, and this will solve transportation problem greatly.Especially in network frame plate and For shingle nail, other prefabricated network frame plate individually, be typically due to Space Truss Design euclidean distance between node pair substantially >=3000mm, so net If frame plate also >=3000mm square, this can bring the restriction of ultra-wide or superelevation in transportation to vehicle, thus necessary Use special big part vehicle and handle corresponding entries;Metope, also due to floor height is mostly at about 3000mm, also can transport Cheng Zhong, causes same difficulty.Even if disclosure satisfy that transport, also freight volume is caused to reduce because of particularity, the fraud such as freight charges increase End.The present invention program can farthest save freight charges, expands capacity, and is not limited by vehicle and road conditions.

Upper table is reached a conclusion for repeatedly calculating through applicant, and the present invention installs because of factorial praluction, industrialization assembled, Operation relatively brick masonry to lack a lot, and recruitment is also few a lot, so the duration also can greatly speed up.Masonry panel engineering site has block Build, stir mortar, set up scaffold, remove scaffold, engineering, the work such as material vertical transport and Secondary Transport, indoor and outdoor are plastered Sequence is complicated, and the amount of labour used is big, so the cost that administration cost during construction, construction set temporarily is also inevitable big.This comparison index refers to complete on an equal basis The comparison carried out in the case of project progress.

Upper table is reached a conclusion for repeatedly calculating through applicant, and the present invention is because factorial praluction, and industrialization assembled is pacified Dress, operation relatively brick masonry to lack a lot, and recruitment is also few a lot, so the duration also can greatly speed up.Coagulation earth house (building) face work There are concrete vibrating, reinforcing bar binding, carpenter's formwork in journey scene, set up the engineering such as scaffold, dismounting scaffold, and operation is multiple Miscellaneous, the amount of labour used is big, so the cost that administration cost during construction, construction set temporarily is also inevitable big, wet trade is many, have pollution to environment, construction Long in time limit.This comparison index refers to the comparison carried out in the case of completing equal project progress.

The physical property testing result of the basic plate of building system of the present invention is as follows.

Accompanying drawing explanation

With detailed description of the invention, the present invention is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the basic plate of building system of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the corner node enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is when rectangle receptacle material is corner node enlarged drawing during channel-section steel.

Fig. 5 is when rectangle receptacle material is corner node sectional view during channel-section steel.

Wherein, 1 be rectangle framework, 2 be support column, 3 be warming plate, 4 be net, 5 for steel plate (side welded nut or tool Female boring, for being attached with corner brace), 6 be the first junction steel plate, its size: (50-150) × (50-100) × (6-10) mm, 7 be suspension ring, 8 be the second junction steel plate, its size: (80-150) × (100-150) × (6-10) mm, 9 be the Three junction steel plates, its size: (80-150) × (50-100) × (6-10) mm, 10 are hush panel.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation that two blocks of basic plates are assembled.

Fig. 7 is the sectional view of the B-B of Fig. 6.

Wherein, 11 for adjusting steel plate.

Fig. 8 is that the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention installs bracket schematic diagram with steel column.

Fig. 9 is that the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention installs bracket schematic diagram with concrete column.

Figure 10 is steel skeleton installing plate and the building hanging piece corner brace that is connected of post of the present invention and laterally regarding of support corner brace Figure.

Figure 10-1 is the D direction view of hanging piece corner brace;Figure 10-2 is the C direction view of hanging piece corner brace;Figure 10-3 is support corner brace D direction view;Figure 10-4 is the C direction view of support corner brace.

Wherein, 12 it is cushion cap steel plate, 13 is ribs, 14 is steel column, 15 is pre-embedded steel slab, 16 is concrete column, 17 is Hanging piece corner brace, 18 be support corner brace, 19 be reinforcing bar, 20 be external decoration surface layer, 21 be the composite impervious coating of cement based, 22 for glass Net cement clay composite bed, 23 be polyethylene foamed rod, 24 be fluid sealant, 25 for extruded sheet.

Figure 11 is that the plate plate of the steel skeleton installing plate metope stress system of the present invention strengthens type of attachment outside building The structural representation of visual angle.

Figure 12 is that the plate plate of the steel skeleton installing plate metope stress system of the present invention strengthens type of attachment inside building The structural representation of visual angle.

Figure 13 is that the whole wall of the steel skeleton installing plate metope stress system of the present invention strengthens type of attachment outside building The structural representation of visual angle.

Figure 14 is that the whole wall of the steel skeleton installing plate metope stress system of the present invention strengthens type of attachment inside building The structural representation of visual angle.

Wherein, 26 for laterally strengthen purlin (can be cold-formed thin-walled C steel, cold bending thin wall square steel tube, hot rolled H-shaped), 27 for vertically strengthening purlin (can be cold-formed thin-walled C steel, cold bending thin wall square steel tube, hot rolled H-shaped), 28 being that support bar (can Think cold-formed thin-walled C steel, cold bending thin wall square steel tube, hot rolled H-shaped), 29 be the 4th junction steel plate, its size: (100-200) × (100-150) × (6-10) mm.

Figure 15 is structural representation in the case of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is incubated.

Figure 16 be the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention combine with forms be incubated in the case of structural representation.

Figure 17 be the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention combine with forms be not incubated in the case of structural representation.

Figure 18 be in steel skeleton installing plate external corner of the present invention with building post be steel column structure schematic diagram.

Figure 19 be in steel skeleton installing plate external corner of the present invention with building post be concrete column structure schematic diagram.

Figure 20 be in steel skeleton installing plate inner corner trim of the present invention with building post be steel column structure schematic diagram.

Figure 21 be in steel skeleton installing plate inner corner trim of the present invention with building post be concrete column structure schematic diagram.

Wherein, 30 be trim panel, 31 be inside holding plate, 32 be plastic-steel window, 33 be nailing, 34 for channel-section steel outrigger.

Figure 22 is that the first method of attachment that is connected with roof bearing structure beam of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of thing roofing.

Figure 23 is that the first method of attachment that is connected with roof bearing structure beam of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the downside of thing roofing.

Figure 24 is that the first method of attachment node that the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is connected with roof bearing structure beam shows It is intended to.

Figure 25 is that the second method of attachment that is connected with roof bearing structure beam of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of thing roofing.

Figure 26 is that the second method of attachment that is connected with roof bearing structure beam of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the downside of thing roofing.

Figure 27 is that the second method of attachment node that the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is connected with roof bearing structure beam shows It is intended to.

Wherein, 35 it is roofing heat-insulating layer, 36 is roof slope making layer, 37 is roofing screed-coat, 38 is roof waterproof layer, 39 is Roofing secondary beam.

Figure 28 is that the third method of attachment that is connected with roof bearing structure beam of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of thing roofing.

Figure 29 is that the third method of attachment that is connected with roof bearing structure beam of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the downside of thing roofing.

Figure 30 is the customizable plate schematic diagram in the case of the basic plate of steel skeleton of the present invention is used in roofing.

Wherein, 35 it is roofing heat-insulating layer, 36 is roof slope making layer, 37 is roofing screed-coat, 38 is roof waterproof layer, 39 is Roofing secondary beam.

Figure 31 is that the first method of attachment that is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of thing flooring.

Figure 32 is that the first method of attachment that is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the downside of thing flooring.

Figure 33 is that the first method of attachment node that the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam shows It is intended to.

Figure 34 is that the second method of attachment that is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of thing flooring.

Figure 35 is that the second method of attachment that is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the downside of thing flooring.

Figure 36 is that the second method of attachment node that the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam shows It is intended to.

Figure 37 is that the third method of attachment that is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of thing flooring.

Figure 38 is that the third method of attachment that is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the downside of thing flooring.

Figure 39 is the customizable plate schematic diagram in the case of the basic plate of steel skeleton of the present invention is used in flooring.

Wherein, 40 be flooring screed-coat, 41 for flooring surface layer.

Figure 40 is that the first method of attachment that is connected with grid node of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building roofing The structural representation of the visual angle of upside.

Figure 41 is that the first method of attachment that is connected with grid node of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building roofing The structural representation of the visual angle of downside.

Figure 42 is the first method of attachment node schematic diagram that the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is connected with grid node.

Figure 43 is that the second method of attachment that is connected with grid node of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building roofing The structural representation of the visual angle of upside.

Figure 44 is that the second method of attachment that is connected with grid node of the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building roofing The structural representation of the visual angle of downside.

Figure 45 is the customizable plate schematic diagram that the basic plate of steel skeleton of the present invention is used under framework condition.

Wherein, 42 it is girder on rack, 43 is secondary beam on rack.

Detailed description of the invention

Embodiment 1: the basic plate of steel skeleton in building system of the present invention.

As it is shown in figure 1, be the structural representation of the basic plate of the steel skeleton in building system of the present invention.In figure, by rectangle Framework 1 constitutes the outside framework of the basic plate of whole steel skeleton, and warming plate 3 is embedded in rectangle framework 1, at described warming plate 3 Inside it is additionally provided with the support column 2 supporting the long limit of rectangle framework about 1 two.Four angles of rectangle framework 1 are respectively provided with Having little steel plate 5 boring, square, steel plate 5 is at the side welded nut contacted with warming plate 3, and when being used for installing, bolt passes through Boring can tighten use.And suspension ring 7 are set on steel skeleton basic plate long side direction, suspension ring 7 are screwed suspension ring 7;Peace Before dress, can screw on, after installation, can back out.

As in figure 2 it is shown, be the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1;As seen from the figure, in this diagram embodiment, rectangle framework 1 uses Cold-formed thin-walled C steel, what support column 2 used is then angle steel.The side of warming plate 3, its thickness slightly has more cold-formed thin-walled C steel Edge, be as the side combined with wall body outer wall face;And the opposite side of warming plate 3 is connected as with body of wall, post The side of built-in facing.From figure 2 it can be seen that net 4 is placed in warming plate 3, it is advisable being positioned at the middle part of warming plate 3, and with Being set in parallel inside and outside warming plate 3, size is corresponding with the area of warming plate 3, and net 4 can use wire netting 4.From Fig. 2 In it can also be seen that boring, together with part that square steel plate 5 overlaps with rectangle framework 1 is also welded to, and steel plate 5 Opposite side is perpendicularly thereto fixed with the first junction steel plate 6, the side of this first junction steel plate 6 again with the angle steel one of support column 2 Side is by being welded and fixed.First junction steel plate 6 effect of basic plate is that its Type of Welding makes steel plate 5 and support column 2 connect, as Really support column 2 uses cold-formed thin-walled C steel center and can be welded to connect with steel plate 5, then occuping rectangle framework 1 The first junction steel plate 6 can be cancelled, and be directly welded to connect.

And as it is shown on figure 3, be the corner node enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.In this diagram case study on implementation, the rectangle framework 1 of minor face Weld with the second junction steel plate 8 with the top of support column 2;Then, the second junction steel plate 8 again with the C-type steel of rectangle framework 1 Internal orifice welds, and utilizes hush panel 10 solder up in cold-formed thin-walled C steel one end of rectangle framework 1;Last such as Fig. 2 institute Show, that hole, square steel plate 5 are welded with rectangle framework 1, support column the 2, first junction steel plate 6.

As shown in Figure 4,5, it is that corner node during channel-section steel amplifies and sectional view for rectangle receptacle material, basic when constituting When rectangle framework 1 material of plate is channel-section steel, the second junction steel plate 8, and hush panel 10 can be cancelled;As shown in Figure 4,5, utilize Rectangle framework is directly welded to connect, rectangle framework is directly welded with support column;When rectangle framework 1 material is channel-section steel, Remaining material is identical with shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2.During because rectangle framework 1 material is channel-section steel, the wall thickness of channel-section steel disclosure satisfy that directly It is welded to connect, much larger than the wall thickness of cold-formed thin-walled C steel.Basic plate when rectangle framework 1 material is channel-section steel, is mainly used in building Build the height situation (metope part) more than more than 24m of thing, because when rectangle framework 1 selects channel-section steel, the wall thickness of channel-section steel Much larger than the wall thickness of cold-formed thin-walled C steel, then by after preservative treatment, it is possible to stand harsh environment miscellaneous, use Life-span can with build the same life-span, for use safety advantageously;Such as: existing skyscraper, high-rise building Middle exterior wall finishing, either selects in the scheme such as glass curtain wall, cladding Gypsum Fibrosum, and its framing structure all selects channel-section steel and angle steel conduct Os Draconis, but cost is also above cold-formed thin-walled C steel about 1/3.So the building system of the present invention is in consideration of it, according to building The height building thing is different, and uses the different material composition basic plates of steel skeleton.

Embodiment 2: the modularization assemble combining form of the basic plate of steel skeleton.

Modularity basic plate plate can be selected according to industry development, such as: (length × width x thickness degree) 5980 × 1480 × The basic plates of several steel skeletons such as 110mm, 5980 × 1180 × 120mm, 2980 × 1480 × 110mm, 2980 × 880 × 120mm As the on-gauge plate of modularized production, modular steel skeleton basic plate template is dependent on market management data accumulation all the year round The most commonly used template (during because installing, it is contemplated that leave the installation surplus space of 20-30mm between plate and plate, so steel skeleton Basic plate manufacturing process is considered as installing surplus space).Such as: assume that building strut is away from 6000mm, it is possible to select 5980 × The when that 1480 × 110mm on-gauge plate being installed, 5980 × 1480 × 110mm on-gauge plate can be directly selected to install;If post away from 9000mm, plate width demand 1500mm, then need 5980 × 1480 × 110mm and 2980 × 1480 × 110mm carries out assembled group After conjunction, it is processed into the steel skeleton installing plate of meet the requirements (8980 × 1480 × 110mm), installs.

As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, select the basic plate of two or more than two steel skeleton, the rectangle of basic for steel skeleton plate Framework 1 is connected to become one piece by the form of welding and meets the steel skeleton installing plate that building use requires, basic at steel skeleton The thickness adjusting steel plate 11 can be utilized between the rectangle framework 1 of plate to adjust (i.e. two basic plates) so that meet overall dimensions, This completes the assembling combination of the basic plate of steel skeleton, the most just complete the basic plate of steel skeleton raw by factory modularization Puerperal, according to the pattern of building demand assembling combination;Assembling combination between the on-gauge plate of the basic plate of steel skeleton can be completed become For steel skeleton installing plate, it is also possible to the non-target assembling combination of the on-gauge plate and steel skeleton that complete the basic plate of steel skeleton becomes reinforcing bar Frame installing plate.All steel skeleton installing plates introduced below can become steel skeleton peace by steel skeleton basic plate assembling combination Dress plate;Can also be steel skeleton basic plate gauge lattice, be sized to directly meet building demand, it is not necessary to the finished product of assembling combination, But it is referred to as steel skeleton installing plate.

Embodiment 3: the metope of steel skeleton installing plate installs node.

No matter it is fabricated directly into the steel skeleton installing plate for meeting building requirements, or by assembling combination form by reinforcing bar The steel skeleton installing plate that frame basic plate assembling combination becomes, the first step as metope application is first by steel skeleton installing plate and building Post (including steel column and concrete column) is connected, this namely reinforcing bar frame plate complete the fabricated first step of metope;Also it is this For bright building system is directed to existing building technology, for fabricated one big technological break-through, it is covered by and builds post and be connected Connect, some technical schemes such as seam and anti-" cold bridge " process, exterior wall finish process.

As shown in Figure 8, the steel skeleton installing plate for the present invention installs bracket schematic diagram with steel column, and it is to use that steel column installs bracket In the connector that steel skeleton installing plate is installed with steel column, for support steel skeleton installing plate.In figure, ribs 13 is held with level Platform steel plate 12 is mutually perpendicular to welding, then ribs 13 is mutually perpendicular to the weldment welded with cushion cap steel plate 12, with steel column 14 Vertical welding, thus form steel column and bracket is installed.

As it is shown in figure 9, be steel skeleton installing plate and the concrete column installation bracket schematic diagram of the present invention, concrete column is installed Bracket is the connector installed with concrete column for steel skeleton installing plate, for support steel skeleton installing plate.In figure, ribs 13 are mutually perpendicular to weld with the cushion cap steel plate 12 of level, are then mutually perpendicular to ribs 13 with horizontal cushion cap steel plate 12 to weld Weldment, vertical welding is on the concrete column bracket built-in fitting being made up of pre-embedded steel slab 15 and concrete column 16, thus forms Concrete column installs bracket.

Above steel column installs bracket, concrete column is installed two kinds of brackets of bracket and is a part for building post, is for reinforcing bar Frame installing plate installs the accessory of offer condition, is that steel skeleton installing plate is being installed from steel column, the different building post of concrete column two kinds Time necessary connector, because belonging to the building post with multi-form, hereinafter referred to as building post install bracket.

As shown in Figure 10, the embodiment being connected with building post for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention;In figure, steel column 14 or Being concrete column 16, be fixedly installed some building posts from top to bottom and install bracket, horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plate 12 is used for putting Put and connect its steel plate 5 with the basic plate of steel skeleton installing plate and corner brace 17, then with bolt respectively by corner brace 17 and steel plate 5 with hold Platform steel plate 12 is fixed.Leaving gap, clearance distance 20-30mm between upper and lower two pieces of steel skeleton installing plates, the built-in foaming in gap gathers Ethylene rod 23, the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod 23 is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars 19 up and down, and reinforcing bar 19 is welded on rectangle framework 1 Outside surrounding, reinforcing bar 19 effect is the position of fixing polyethylene foamed rod 23, and the rectangle framework 1 of two steel skeleton installing plates is with outer Extruded sheet 25(thickness 19mm, high 100-150mm is had between metope), filling with sealant between extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23 24, it is to be the silicon according to 90% by the cement based composite impervious coating 21(composite impervious coating of cement based from the outside to the core at outer wall joint Acid salt cement, the aluminium stearate of 3%, the sodium silicate of 2%, the calcium hydroxide of 5%, what part by weight formed has waterproof impervious characteristic Material) and glass fiber net cement clay composite bed 22(glass fiber net cement clay composite bed be by cement glass fiber flameproof fabric and The material with waterproof impervious characteristic of clay composition), extruded sheet 25, fluid sealant 24, polyethylene foamed rod 23, and reinforcing bar 19 structure Become.

Shingle nail is installed after terminating, and according to different facade demands, then takes different construction technologies.Such as: When external wall elevation is coating, can be combined at the wall face overall composite impervious coating of brushing cement based 21 and glass fiber net cement clay again Layer 22 carry out overall levelling after, then carry out brushing paint;When exterior wall is ceramic tile or Gypsum Fibrosum situation, can metope installation, After joint treatment terminates, directly carry out next process construction.

As shown in Figure 10, for the present invention steel skeleton installing plate with building post be connected hanging piece corner brace 17, support corner brace 18 embodiments: in figure, hanging piece corner brace 17, support corner brace 18 install the water of bracket with being fixedly installed on some building posts from top to bottom Put down the cushion cap steel plate 12 arranged, and profit is connected with;Because no matter during concrete column 16 pouring construction, or steel column During 14 installations, all can there is construction error;So, hanging piece corner brace 17, support corner brace 18 install bracket with building post Horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plate 12 utilize bolted connecting hole with plate length or building post away from direction make become long Circular port (bore dia is 21.5mm, a length of 30mm in hole), with satisfied building post construction error, the construction brought is constant.Hanging piece angle Code 17 can open circular hole at plate width or building height direction, but the load weight that the number of openings metope to be considered is perpendicular to the ground Amount difference, if exterior wall swabbing, metope load weight perpendicular to the ground is light, and (bore dia is can to open a circular hole 21.5mm);If exterior wall tiling or extension Gypsum Fibrosum, metope load weight perpendicular to the ground will be heavier, then may pass through Calculating needs out two or more hole;Can also utilize bolt even by hanging piece corner brace 17 and boring, square steel plate 5 After connecing, then carry out welding meet the purpose that can resist weight load requirement.Further, steel skeleton installing plate corner is corresponding Steel plate 5 should be consistent with the number of openings of hanging piece corner brace 17, and bore position should be consistent, it can be ensured that installs.

Support corner brace 18 needs out slotted hole at plate width or building height direction;Because, if support corner brace 18 is at plate Wide or building height direction is not out slotted hole, then the distance between hanging piece corner brace 17, support corner brace 18 and building post peace Distance between two horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plates 12 of dress bracket is consistent, in the boatswain chair installation process of crane high-altitude, and reinforcing bar Frame installing plate is under a kind of floating state, it is impossible to allows hanging piece corner brace 17, support corner brace 18 enter building post and installs the two of bracket Between block horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plate 12;So, in order to solve this installation difficult problem, support corner brace 18 at plate width or Slotted hole is opened in building height direction, or building height direction distance wide at plate first with slotted hole leaves the surplus of 10 ~ 30mm, Treat that steel skeleton installing plate and building post install two horizontally disposed cushion cap steel plates 12 of bracket by hanging piece corner brace 17 and support Corner brace 18 is installed in place and after being completely embedded, the rational position of the slotted hole that natural bolt can be held in support corner brace 18.This The big technological break-through that technology prefabricated components are installed, is that building system of the present invention breaks through a fabricated key point.

Embodiment 4: the metope stress system explanation of steel skeleton installing plate and the node of necessity.

In the building system of the present invention, the technical breakthrough of another item, the most either the basic plate of steel skeleton is installed, or The steel skeleton installing plate become by steel skeleton basic plate assembling combination, in the case of meeting building enclosure dimensional requirement, Ji Keyu Building post connects to be installed.Steel skeleton installing plate itself does not consider to resist the situation index such as wind load and heat-insulating property, by steel Stress system on rear side of skeleton installing plate undertakes, and the building system of the present invention provides two kinds to strengthen stress system scheme, following When introducing, in order to distinguish two kinds of enhancing stress system connected modes provided, it is classified as plate plate and strengthens type of attachment and whole wall Strengthen type of attachment.This technology solves because the post of building is away from different with span, will be different by the area of load, and leads The each placement members caused varies in size, and could resist the feature of stress load situation under different situations;As: post away from and span Greatly, affected the most greatly by load;Building is high, and eminence wind load will be bigger than lower;From different places, wind load also otherwise with, There is typhoon in south, and the north is seldom;Some building, as the situation such as market, storehouse, is easy for impact extruded load, common factory Room, local-style dwelling houses would not occur.Therefore, the feature of the present invention highlights the most very much, it is only necessary in contingent area it may happen that Position adjust individually, inside building, do indivedual adjustment, it is not necessary to because it is contemplated that individualized reasons simultaneously, and entirety made Become waste of material, the most do not change the moulded of building and design for aesthetic, moreover it is possible to meet various in the case of use requirement.With Time compensate for again modular plant produced steel skeleton basic plate composite assembly steel skeleton installing plate opposing wind load difference etc. Factor.Such as: it is some more that market, warehouse may consider, compares ordinary plant, local-style dwelling houses stress system material the most greatly;30 layers Above wind load is big, then stress system material is the biggest, and the wind load of less than 6 layers is little, then stress system material is the least. Consequently, it is possible to due to steel skeleton installing plate uniform specification, it is not necessary to the thickest, it is possible to greatly to save storage area;Transported Journey can be transported more quantity, thus reduce cost of transportation.Strengthen stress system to transport extremely at steel skeleton installing plate Scene, and after being connected installation with building post, then carry out strengthening stress system construction, enable to meet building use requirement. On materials'use, due to the processing form of plate seam position so that supported by needing two Large Steels to meet under normal condition The metope force request such as ant wind load, impact load, becomes and utilizes two little shaped steel and a Large Steel jointly to act on and resisting The metope force request such as ant wind load, impact load such that it is able to material can also be saved to a certain extent, particularly surpass in plate length When crossing 6000mm, the saving of material is clearly;Especially when the whole wall of plurality of plates composition connects jointly, material is saved the brightest Aobvious.

As is illustrated by figs. 11 and 12, the steel skeleton installing plate metope beaer tie-plate plate for the present invention strengthens type of attachment in fact Execute example.In Figure 11, for steel skeleton installing plate, install in place after the situation of the visual angle outside building.In Figure 12, for Steel skeleton installing plate, install in place after the situation of the visual angle inside building.Strengthen purlin and include laterally strengthening purlin Bar 26 and vertical enhancing purlin 27;Wherein, laterally enhancing purlin 26 is utilized to weld with the 4th junction steel plate 29 between all plate plates Connecing, the 4th junction steel plate 29 welds with rectangle framework 1, and the 4th junction steel plate 29 spacing, to be advisable between 500-1500mm, makes Obtain laterally enhancing purlin 26 and can become the enhancing primary structure member of rectangle framework 1.Purlin is laterally strengthened furthermore, it is desirable to consider to adjust Bar 26 position and the opening direction of groove, laterally strengthen the rectangle framework at purlin 26 Ying Yumen, window hole at door, the window's position 1 in same plane position, same opening direction, thus do not affect door, window is installed;Laterally strengthen purlin 26 along rectangle framework 1 Length direction is consistent with rectangle framework 1 length direction, but the minimizing that rectangle framework 1 length direction that compares of two ends is total Distance not should be greater than 500mm and is advisable (the most laterally strengthen purlin 26 every side square framework of distance 1 and not should be greater than 250mm).Vertical increasing Strong purlin 27 is less than or equal to laterally strengthening the material such as the cold-formed thin-walled C steel in purlin 26 cross section, cold bending thin wall steel square tube, Weld with laterally strengthening purlin 26 phase, can with door, window hole at rectangle framework 1 weld mutually along door, window hole short transverse Connect, it is also possible to do not weld;If but door, window hole height are higher, it is by two pieces or polylith steel skeleton installing plate group Close, then need laterally to strengthen purlin 26 and vertical strengthen purlin 27 with the use of, and need to consider to adjust vertical increasing Strong purlin 27 position and the opening direction of groove, vertically strengthen the rectangle at purlin 27 Ying Yumen, window hole at door, the window's position Framework 1 in same plane position, same opening direction, thus do not affect door, window install.Support bar 28 and steel skeleton installing plate without Direct connection relational, is with rectangle framework 1 without direct connection relational, and the effect of support bar 28 is for ought laterally strengthen purlin The length direction of bar 26 is more than the most laterally strengthening purlin 26 during 3000mm, even bigger when laterally strengthening purlin 26 length direction During distance, needing to increase together or more support bar 28, the two ends of support bar 28 are welded with horizontal purlin 26 phase that strengthens.? The two ends laterally strengthening purlin 26 are preferably considered as welding support bar 28, and the effect of same support bar 28 is can to make laterally to strengthen purlin Bar 26 is stable, and support bar 28 is connected without the rectangle framework 1 with steel skeleton installing plate.

As shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, the steel skeleton installing plate whole wall of metope stress system for the present invention strengthens type of attachment in fact Execute example.In Figure 13, for steel skeleton installing plate, install in place after the situation of the visual angle outside building.In Figure 14, for Steel skeleton installing plate, install in place after the situation of the visual angle inside building.Wherein, at ash wall body plate top and body of wall Utilizing laterally enhancing purlin 26 to weld with junction steel plate 29 bottom plate, the 4th junction steel plate 29 welds with rectangle framework 1, and the 4th Junction steel plate 29 spacing is to be advisable between 500-1500mm so that laterally strengthens purlin 26 and can become the increasing of rectangle framework 1 Strong primary structure member.Further, according to circumstances between two laterally enhancing purlin 26, choose whether to increase laterally enhancing purlin 26;Increase After laterally strengthening purlin 26, it is advisable at 3000-4500mm with two distances laterally strengthened between purlin 26.Wherein, vertically strengthen Purlin 27 laterally strengthens between purlin 26 two, and vertical purlin 27 two ends that strengthen are welded with the horizontal purlin 26 that strengthens, and vertically Strengthening purlin 27 utilizes the 4th junction steel plate 29 to weld with the rectangle framework 1 of steel skeleton installing plate.Laterally strengthening purlin 26 Two ends be preferably considered as welding support bar 28, the effect of support bar 28 is that can to make laterally to strengthen purlin 26 stable, support bar 28 It is connected without the rectangle framework 1 with steel skeleton installing plate.

Embodiment 5: the some other necessary node of metope of steel skeleton installing plate.

Through embodiment 1-4, i.e. complete the modularized production of steel skeleton basic plate factory, the basic plate of modularity steel skeleton is spelled Dress is combined into steel skeleton installing plate, until on-the-spot by assembled installation body of wall, then make by strengthening stress system Masonry wall structure disclosure satisfy that a basic work flow of building requirements.But this is not the most whole institutes of walling work Have, the most a lot of positions, a lot of situation need process, the most just the joint form of the most often generation in some engineerings is done with Describe, so that building requirements can be met.

As shown in figure 15, the embodiment in the case of being incubated for building system of the present invention.Wherein, the behaviour of steel skeleton installing plate Make process with to introduce process in embodiment 3 identical.The assembly of the metope stress system of steel skeleton installing plate, with enforcement 4 are introduced Process is identical.In detail in this figure, need to increase the building that is aimed at described and have the situation of insulation demand, at inner veneer 30(bag Include: the interior decoration such as plasterboard, calcium silicate board can be selected for plaque) and steel skeleton installing plate inside, vertical strengthen purlin 27, laterally increase Laying inside holding plate 31(warming plate material employing weight proportion according to insulation demand between strong purlin 26 is: the EPS of 10% ~ 30% Granular polystyrene or perlite, the portland cement of 30% ~ 50%, and the flyash of 30% ~ 40% are made), inside holding plate 31 is near steel Inside skeleton installing plate, directly can paste with steel skeleton installing plate;Finally, brushing paint inside inner veneer 30.

Such as Figure 16, shown in 17, the embodiment combined with forms for the present invention.As seen from the figure, wherein, reinforcing bar in case 4 The metope stress system explanation of frame installing plate and the node of necessity describe enhancing purlin, identical with introducing process in case 4.Two Plastic-steel window 32, rectangle framework 1 outer wrapping wall face, plastic-steel window 32 it is provided with between the rectangle framework 1 of steel skeleton installing plate Upper and lower, left and right portion wall face and two rectangle frameworks 1 between utilize fluid sealant 24 tamp window and rectangle framework 1 it Between gap, and between outdoor, indoor metope and rectangle framework 1, be also equipped with extruded sheet 25, and at extruded sheet After 25 lay and terminate, glass fiber net cement clay composite bed 22 and the composite impervious coating of cement based 21 is utilized to brush, levelling, at window Upside arranges capillary groove or olecranon, carries out looking for slope on the downside of window;The upper and lower, left and right portion of plastic-steel window 32 and rectangle framework 1 Fixed by nailing 33.After all window engineering terminates, in window upper and lower, left and right portion and the composite impervious coating of cement based 21 Junction utilizes glass cement 23 to seal.Difference with Figure 16 is as seen from Figure 17, and its indoor are not made finishing and processed, and mostly apply In the industrial building such as Factory Building, warehouse, directly carry out interior finishing coating brushing.

Such as Figure 18, shown in 19, for present invention application in Side fascia external corner.In Figure 18, steel column 14 uses cross section H-shaped Steel column 14, i.e. the parallel steel column 14 of both sides, and connection steel column 14 therebetween;Two steel skeleton installing plates are arranged in a mutually vertical manner, 10 ~ 30mm gap is left at intersection point, gap built-in polyethylene foamed rod 23, it is connected to rectangle inside polyethylene foamed rod 23 Reinforcing bar 19 on outside framework 1 surrounding, is provided with extruded sheet 25, extruded sheet 25 in the outside of two steel skeleton installing plate vertical connections And filling with sealant 24 between polyethylene foamed rod 23, wall face is to be combined anti-by external decoration surface layer 20, cement based from the outside to the core Impregnation coating 21 and glass fiber net cement clay composite bed 22 are constituted.In figure, fix below the rectangle framework 1 of level and steel column 14 Building post is installed bracket and is connected, and vertical rectangle framework 1 installs bracket phase with being connected building post fixing on the right side of steel column 14 Connect.Difference with Figure 18 is as seen from Figure 19, and its angle building rod structure is xoncrete structure, and building post installs bracket with mixed Solidifying civil engineering is built the built-in fitting of post 16 and is welded, and remaining is identical with Figure 18 form.If any insulation demand, separately according to shown in Figure 15, Carry out heat preservation construction.

Such as Figure 20, shown in 21, for present invention application in Side fascia inner corner trim.With Figure 18, the difference of 19 embodiments It is: extruded sheet 25 is arranged on the interior angle of two orthogonal rectangle frameworks 1, and H profile steel post 14 and two rectangle frameworks 1 Connection is realized by channel-section steel outrigger 34;Channel-section steel outrigger 34 above H profile steel post 14 with vertical on rectangle framework 1 flat OK, and by building post, bracket is installed and is connected, the channel-section steel outrigger 34 in the upper right connecting steel column 14 of H profile steel and level to On rectangle framework 1 parallel, and by building post install bracket be connected.Difference with Figure 20 is as seen from Figure 21, its angle Building rod structure is xoncrete structure, and channel-section steel outrigger 34 welds with the built-in fitting of concrete column 16, remaining and Figure 20 form Identical.If any insulation demand, separately according to shown in Figure 15, carry out heat preservation construction.

Another feature of the basic board modular of steel skeleton of building system of the present invention, not only serves as the mould of shingle nail system Massing mode of manufacture, installation;And may be used for the modular mode life of roof board system, floorboard system, network frame plate system Produce, install.That is wall system, Roof system, floor system, rack can be common to by a plate with the basic plate of steel skeleton Roof board system.The contribution of the present invention, not only succeeds in developing the basic plate of pre-manufactured steel skeleton, and basic for pre-manufactured steel skeleton plate Effect and the scope of application have carried out deep exploitation.Because range of application is wider, so industrialized process and dynamics are inevitable more Greatly.Basic plate is applied to Roof system below, floor system, roofing slab reinforced with net system make introductions all round.

Enforcement 6: the roofing installation form I, II of steel skeleton installing plate and node.

No matter the roofing installation form I of steel skeleton installing plate, according to the description of embodiment 2, be fabricated directly into and build for meeting Build the steel skeleton installing plate of requirement, or the steel skeleton become by steel skeleton basic plate assembling combination by assembling combination form is installed Plate, is not only used in metope, and can be used in roofing, and the present embodiment just specifically describes how steel skeleton installing plate is used in Roofing and be used in the specific practice of roofing.

First according to building demand, the material manufacturing process of steel skeleton installing plate is completed.Then, in steel skeleton installing plate Rectangle frame 1 is welded by junction steel plate with strengthening purlin.The effect of steel skeleton installing plate has been roofing enclosure and has undertaken Area load effect, strengthening purlin is the condition requirement according to plate length, the component selected after calculating, and the effect strengthening purlin is to make For the primary structure member that roofing is main, undertake all of roof load, mainly solve steel skeleton installing plate amount of deflection after stress and ask Topic, is bending resistance component.

After steel skeleton installing plate is welded to connect on the ground with enhancing purlin, junction steel plate, it is hoisted to roofing rational position It is welded to connect with roof girder.Can directly weld if roof girder is girder steel, roof girder is beams of concrete, can be in concreting Pre-buried built-in fitting in journey, is then welded to connect with built-in fitting.

Finally, if roofing has insulation demand, EPS styrofoam can be selected according to thermal requirements, squeeze the north guarantor such as plate, perlite Adiabator is layed in roofing, is carrying out roof waterproof process;If without insulation demand, can after roof joint process terminates, Directly carry out roof waterproof process.

Also it is for building system of the present invention is directed to existing building technology, for fabricated another big technological break-through, Be covered by basic plate be connected with building roof load-carrying members beam, some technical schemes such as seam and roofing process.

The roofing installation form II of steel skeleton installing plate is installed with steel skeleton in the roofing installation form I of steel skeleton installing plate Plate is uniquely distinguished as on roofing installation form: in the roofing installation form I of steel skeleton installing plate, steel skeleton installing plate and increasing Strong purlin is first after ground is attached, at the rational position of lifting to roofing, so all needing on the both sides of steel skeleton installing plate Enhancing purlin to be had;In the roofing installation form II of steel skeleton installing plate, steel skeleton installing plate first lifts to rational position, more right Plate seam position, utilizes and welds with steel skeleton installing plate frame while of strengthening purlin by junction steel plate, other form indistinction.

The advantage of the roofing installation form II of steel skeleton installing plate is to save steel, but the lifting of steel skeleton installing plate is in place After, need to a certain degree supporting, after waiting purlin to be reinforced welding in place, then supporting is removed;Same steel skeleton installing plate The advantage of roofing installation form I be time saving and energy saving.

As shown in figure 22, the first method of attachment being connected with roof bearing structure beam for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of building roofing.As shown in figure 23, for steel skeleton installing plate and the room of the present invention The structural representation of the first method of attachment that face load-carrying members beam connects visual angle on the downside of building roofing.In figure, The 4th junction steel plate 29(spacing is first welded to be advisable between 500-1500mm for steel skeleton installing plate), reconnect and weld on steel plate 29 Connect and laterally strengthen purlin 26 so that laterally strengthen purlin 26 and can become the enhancing primary structure member of rectangle framework 1, then, then Lifting steel skeleton installing plate, makes steel skeleton installing plate be connected with roof bearing structure beam, and welds formation roof boarding system.

As shown in figure 24, the first method of attachment being connected with roof bearing structure beam for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention Node schematic diagram.In figure, laterally strengthen purlin 26 and be welded on steel skeleton installing plate, built-in of two pieces of steel skeleton installing plate gaps Bubble polyethylene rod 23, the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod 23 is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars 19 up and down, and reinforcing bar 19 is welded on rectangle Outside framework 1 surrounding, reinforcing bar 19 effect is the position of fixing polyethylene foamed rod 23, two steel skeleton installing plate rectangle frameworks 1 And have extruded sheet 25(thickness 19mm, 100-150mm between roofing), filling with sealant between extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23 24, after steel skeleton installing plate installation, joint treatment terminate, can directly carry out roofing next process construction.Wherein, reinforcing bar On frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer structure is by roofing heat-insulating layer 35, roof slope making layer 36, roofing screed-coat 37, roof waterproof respectively Layer 38 is constituted.

As shown in figure 25, the second method of attachment being connected with roof bearing structure beam for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of building roofing.As shown in figure 26, for steel skeleton installing plate and the room of the present invention The structural representation of the second method of attachment that face load-carrying members beam connects visual angle on the downside of building roofing.In figure, For first laterally strengthening purlin 26 erecting and welding on roof bearing structure beam, more laterally strengthen and on purlin 26, weld the 4th connection Steel plate 29(spacing is to be advisable between 500-1500mm), then it is welded and fixed steel skeleton installing plate on the 4th junction steel plate 29, make steel Skeleton installing plate is connected with roof bearing structure beam, and welds formation roof boarding system.

As shown in figure 27, the second method of attachment being connected with roof bearing structure beam for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention Node schematic diagram.In figure, laterally strengthen purlin 26 and be welded on steel skeleton installing plate, built-in of two pieces of steel skeleton installing plate gaps Bubble polyethylene rod 23, the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod 23 is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars 19 up and down, and reinforcing bar 19 is welded on rectangle Outside framework 1 surrounding, reinforcing bar 19 effect is the position of fixing polyethylene foamed rod 23, two steel skeleton installing plate rectangle frameworks 1 And have extruded sheet 25(19mm, 100-150mm between roofing), filling with sealant between extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23 24, after steel skeleton installing plate installation, joint treatment terminate, can directly carry out roofing next process construction.Wherein, reinforcing bar On frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer structure is by roofing heat-insulating layer 35, roof slope making layer 36, roofing screed-coat 37, roof waterproof respectively Layer 38 is constituted.

Embodiment 7: the roofing installation form III of steel skeleton installing plate and node.

As roofing, secondary beam can be increased on building roof load-carrying members beam, by steel skeleton installing plate and building secondary beam Being connected, steel skeleton installing plate need not any enhancing purlin strengthening measure, i.e. for increasing enhancing purlin according to installing plate Load-bearing stress;The steel skeleton installing plate that roof boarding is a kind of customization according to the different demands of architectural engineering, and can also be made The steel skeleton installing plate of different model is roof boarding, is i.e. to make customization steel skeleton installing plate according to the long demand of plate.Certainly, it is possible to With by increasing the frame in steel skeleton installing plate, such as roofing installation form I, the room of steel skeleton installing plate of steel skeleton installing plate As face installation form II, can be laid immediately between building bearing structural beams, and without secondary beam.And can be in satisfied use In the case of requirement, part thickness of slab thinning (thickness is 100 ~ 120mm) can be poured, so can greatly alleviate roof boarding Self load weight, and disclosure satisfy that structure needs demand, shortcoming is as it was previously stated, need special molding, and can not meet Modularity plant produced, but at building field because the complexity of architectural engineering, also it is indispensable one and supplements.

As shown in figure 28, the third method of attachment being connected with roof bearing structure beam for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of building roofing.As shown in figure 29, for steel skeleton installing plate and the room of the present invention The structural representation of the third method of attachment that face load-carrying members beam connects visual angle on the downside of building roofing.In figure, For first load-bearing secondary beam erecting and welding on roof bearing structure beam, load-bearing time case bay can be by the length pitch requirements of basic plate Determine, be directly welded and fixed the basic plate of installation the most again on secondary beam, and be increased without any enhancing component;Other way afterwards All with first two method.

As shown in figure 30, the customizable plate schematic diagram in the case of the basic plate of steel skeleton for the present invention is used in roofing.Due to The basic plate of steel skeleton is used in the basic plate self gravitation to be born in the case of roofing, but also the roofing bearing part is lived Load;The most rationally alleviate the own wt of basic plate, will effectively increase the basic plate of steel skeleton and bear roofing lotus alive The ability carried, therefore the basic plate of the steel skeleton of the present invention can do in the case of being used in roofing to improve, and i.e. decreases steel skeleton basic The thickness of plate, had the most both alleviated the weight of the basic plate of steel skeleton, and can meet again the load requirement of roof boarding, and other structure constructs With the basic plate of steel skeleton.

Embodiment 8: the flooring installation form I, II, III of steel skeleton installing plate and node.

Building system of the present invention also has a great technological break-through, it is simply that steel skeleton installing plate be not only used in metope, On roofing, and can be used on the load-bearing flooring of each layer of building, the most not only this plate to bear himself weight, Er Qieyao Bearing the biggest load-bearing load, present case the most specifically illustrates how basic plate is used in flooring and is used in the one of flooring A little specific practices.

The flooring installation form I, II, III of steel skeleton installing plate and the roofing installation form of steel skeleton installing plate in case 6 I, II and embodiment 7 in the roofing installation form III corresponding structure installation form of steel skeleton installing plate almost consistent, difference exists In: the steel skeleton installing plate no matter being made up of steel skeleton basic plate assembly, or propping up in the basic plate of direct applied steel skeleton Dagger 2 may will plate more basic than normal steel skeleton closeer, because the load of flooring is than roof load and metope lotus Carry much bigger, so selecting the premise of basic plate is by experiment, it is possible to meet the load weight basic plate of demand steel skeleton and make For floorboard;Additionally the processing mode of flooring is the most inconsistent with roofing, and flooring surface layer processes and need not look for slope to process, water-proofing treatment Deng working procedure, but flooring surface layer needs to carry out the cure process working procedure of surface layer, if certainly laying ground on flooring The Decorating Projects such as brick, floor, Gypsum Fibrosum, it is also possible to do not make flooring cure process, after laying completes floorboard, carry out seam Process, the most directly carry out Decorating Project.

As shown in figure 31, the first method of attachment being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of building flooring.As shown in figure 32, for steel skeleton installing plate and the building of the present invention The structural representation of the first method of attachment that face load-carrying members beam connects visual angle on the downside of building flooring.In figure, The 4th junction steel plate 29(spacing is first welded to be advisable between 500-1500mm for steel skeleton installing plate), at the 4th junction steel plate 29 Upper welding laterally strengthens purlin 26 so that laterally strengthens purlin 26 and can become the enhancing primary structure member of rectangle framework 1, so After, then lift steel skeleton installing plate, make steel skeleton installing plate be connected with flooring load-carrying members beam, and weld formation flooring plate body System.

As shown in figure 33, the first method of attachment being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention Node schematic diagram.In figure, laterally strengthen purlin 26 and be welded on steel skeleton installing plate, built-in of two pieces of steel skeleton installing plate gaps Bubble polyethylene rod 23, the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod 23 is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars 19 up and down, and reinforcing bar 19 is welded on rectangle Outside framework 1 surrounding, reinforcing bar 19 effect is the position of fixing polyethylene foamed rod 23, two steel skeleton installing plate rectangle frameworks 1 And have extruded sheet 25(thickness 19mm, 100-150mm between flooring), filling with sealant between extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23 24, after steel skeleton installing plate installation, joint treatment terminate, can directly carry out flooring next process construction.Wherein, reinforcing bar On frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer is to be made up of flooring screed-coat 40, flooring surface layer 41 respectively.

As shown in figure 34, the second method of attachment being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of building flooring.As shown in figure 35, for steel skeleton installing plate and the building of the present invention The structural representation of the second method of attachment that face load-carrying members beam connects visual angle on the downside of building flooring.In figure, For first laterally strengthening purlin 26 erecting and welding on flooring load-carrying members beam, more laterally strengthen and on purlin 26, weld the 4th connection Steel plate 29(spacing is to be advisable between 500-1500mm), then it is welded and fixed steel skeleton installing plate on the 4th junction steel plate 29, make steel Skeleton installing plate is connected with flooring load-carrying members beam, and welds formation floorboard system.

As shown in figure 36, the second method of attachment being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention Node schematic diagram.In figure, laterally strengthen purlin 26 and be welded on steel skeleton installing plate, built-in of two pieces of steel skeleton installing plate gaps Bubble polyethylene rod 23, the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod 23 is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars 19 up and down, and reinforcing bar 19 is welded on rectangle Outside framework 1 surrounding, reinforcing bar 19 effect is the position of fixing polyethylene foamed rod 23, two steel skeleton installing plate rectangle frameworks 1 And have extruded sheet 25(thickness 19mm, 100-150mm between flooring), filling with sealant between extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23 24, after steel skeleton installing plate installation, joint treatment terminate, can directly carry out flooring next process construction.Wherein, reinforcing bar On frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer is to be made up of flooring screed-coat 40, flooring surface layer 41 respectively.

As shown in figure 37, the third method of attachment being connected with flooring load-carrying members beam for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of building flooring.As shown in figure 38, for steel skeleton installing plate and the building of the present invention The structural representation of the third method of attachment that face load-carrying members beam connects visual angle on the downside of building flooring.In figure, For first load-bearing secondary beam erecting and welding on flooring load-carrying members beam, between load-bearing time case bay can be by the length of steel skeleton installing plate Determine away from requiring, on secondary beam, be then directly welded and fixed installation steel skeleton installing plate, and be increased without any enhancing component;It After other way all with first two method.

As shown in figure 38, the customizable plate schematic diagram in the case of the basic plate of steel skeleton for the present invention is used in flooring.Due to The basic plate of steel skeleton is used in the steel skeleton basic plate self gravitation to be born in the case of flooring, but also to bear part Live Loads on Floors in Buildings, the most rationally alleviates the own wt of the basic plate of steel skeleton, will effectively increase the basic plate of steel skeleton Bear the ability of Live Loads on Floors in Buildings, therefore the basic plate of the steel skeleton of the present invention is made in the case of being used in flooring, to improve, i.e. to decrease steel The thickness of the basic plate of skeleton, the weight the most i.e. alleviating the basic plate of steel skeleton can meet again the load requirement of floorboard, other Structure constructs with the basic plate of steel skeleton.

Implement 9: the rack of steel skeleton installing plate is installed and node.

As it was previously stated, the building system pattern of the present invention can solve the problem that network frame plate system, also it is one to innovate greatly, in the present invention Can thoroughly solve a transport difficult difficult problem and modularity plant produced, the fabricated construction installation question of network frame plate.The most direct Make and become the steel skeleton installing plate meeting building requirements, or by assembling combination form by steel skeleton basic plate assembling combination The steel skeleton installing plate become, is used on roofing and also has a kind of form, it is simply that being used on rack, the present embodiment just specifically describes steel How the basic plate of skeleton is used in some specific practices on rack;As application on rack, the present invention has two kinds of methods, and first The method of kind is: first steel skeleton installing plate being connected into integral slab needed for a network frame plate grid on the ground, then entirety is hung Dress, and be connected with grid node;Second method is: first install the primary-secondary beam needed for basic plate on grid node, then Lift and install the basic plate of steel skeleton.Just specifically describe two kinds of basic plates of installation method steel skeleton below to be connected with rack primary-secondary beam Connect, some technical schemes such as seam and roofing process.

As shown in figure 40, the first method of attachment being connected with grid node for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of thing roofing.As shown in figure 41, for steel skeleton installing plate and the grid node of the present invention The structural representation of the first method of attachment connected visual angle on the downside of building roofing.In figure, first steel skeleton is pacified Dress plate connects into the integral slab needed for a network frame plate grid, then integral hoisting on the ground, and is connected with grid node; Method particularly includes: first according to the situation of the steel skeleton installing plate needed for a network frame plate grid, on the ground, steel skeleton is installed Plate first welds the 4th junction steel plate 29(spacing to be advisable between 500-1500mm), then on the 4th junction steel plate 29, welding laterally increases Strong purlin 26 so that laterally strengthen purlin 26 and can become the enhancing primary structure member of rectangle framework 1, become one piece of network frame plate side Integral slab needed for lattice;Then, integrate this block integral slab, make integral slab be connected with grid node, and weld formation rack plate body System.

As shown in figure 42, the first method of attachment node that the steel skeleton installing plate for the present invention is connected with grid node shows It is intended to.In figure, laterally strengthen purlin 26 and be welded on steel skeleton installing plate, two pieces of poly-second of the built-in foaming in steel skeleton installing plate gap Alkene rod 23, the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod 23 is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars 19 up and down, and reinforcing bar 19 is welded on rectangle framework 1 four Outside week, reinforcing bar 19 effect is the position of fixing polyethylene foamed rod 23, two steel skeleton installing plate rectangle frameworks 1 and roofing it Between have thick extruded sheet 25(thickness 19mm, 100mm-150mm), filling with sealant between thick extruded sheet 25 and polyethylene foamed rod 23 24, after steel skeleton installing plate installation, joint treatment terminate, can directly carry out roofing next process construction.Wherein, reinforcing bar On frame installing plate, from-inner-to-outer structure is by roofing heat-insulating layer 35, roof slope making layer 36, roofing screed-coat 37, roof waterproof respectively Layer 38 is constituted.

As shown in figure 43, the second method of attachment being connected with grid node for the steel skeleton installing plate of the present invention is from building The structural representation of the visual angle on the upside of thing roofing.As shown in figure 44, for steel skeleton installing plate and the grid node of the present invention The structural representation of the second method of attachment connected visual angle on the downside of building roofing.In figure, first at grid node Load-bearing primary-secondary beam needed for upper installation steel skeleton installing plate, then steel skeleton installing plate is installed, the most again on primary-secondary beam on primary-secondary beam Directly it is welded and fixed the basic plate of installation, and is increased without any enhancing component;The most same first method of other way afterwards.

As shown in figure 45, the customizable plate schematic diagram being used under framework condition for the basic plate of steel skeleton of the present invention.Due to The steel skeleton basic plate self gravitation to be born that the basic plate of steel skeleton is used under framework condition, but also to bear part Roofing live load, the most rationally alleviates the own wt of the basic plate of steel skeleton, will effectively increase the basic plate of steel skeleton Bear the ability of roofing live load, therefore the basic plate of the steel skeleton of the present invention is used under framework condition and makees, to improve, i.e. to decrease steel The thickness of the basic plate of skeleton, the weight the most i.e. alleviating the basic plate of steel skeleton can meet again the load requirement of network frame plate, other Structure constructs with the basic plate of steel skeleton.

Claims (2)

1. an assembled, modular architectural system, it is characterised in that: include the metope plate body being made up of the basic plate of steel skeleton System, roof boarding system, network frame plate system, and floor system;
Above-mentioned system all including, the basic plate of steel skeleton, the basic plate of described steel skeleton are rectangle framework (1), its structural feature It is: rectangle framework (1) built-in heat insulation plate (3), in described warming plate (3), between two long limits of rectangle framework (1) vertically It is provided with the support column (2) being parallel to each other, in warming plate (3), is additionally provided with net (4) corresponding with its area;Rectangle framework (1) four angles of side and the junction of warming plate (3) are provided with steel plate (5);On two long limits of described rectangle framework (1) It is respectively provided with suspension ring (7);Described suspension ring (7) are threaded connection with rectangle framework (1), rectangle framework (1) each Long limit arranges two suspension ring (7), lays respectively at first and the 3rd support column (2) place;
Described warming plate (3) employing proportioning is: the EPS granular polystyrene of 10% ~ 30% or perlite, the silicate cement of 30% ~ 50% Mud, and the flyash of 30% ~ 40% makes;
Arrange in warming plate (3) one with orthogonal first junction steel plate of steel plate (5) (6), this first junction steel plate (6) Side is corresponding with the side of support column (2), and the first junction steel plate (6) and support column (2) is fixed by welding, and steel The junction of (1) four angle of plate (5) and rectangle framework and warming plate (3) is also adopted by being welded and fixed;
Described rectangle framework (1) uses cold-formed thin-walled C steel, channel-section steel or cold bending thin wall square steel tube, and described support Post (2) uses angle steel or cold bending thin wall square steel tube;
Described rectangle framework (1) a length of 6000 ~ 9000mm, a width of 900 ~ 1800mm, thickness is 100 ~ 300mm, rectangle Framework (1) if cold-formed thin-walled C steel, its a size of: C80 ~ C300, thickness is 2.5 ~ 3mm;Rectangle framework (1) if groove Steel, its a size of: [8 ~ [25;Rectangle framework (1) if cold bending thin wall square steel tube, its a size of: 80 ~ 250, thick Degree is 2.5 ~ 3mm;Support column (2) if angle steel, its a size of: ∠ 30 ~ ∠ 50, thickness is 3 ~ 5mm;Support column (2) if cold Curved thin-walled square steel tube, its a size of: 30 ~ 50, thickness is 3 ~ 5mm;The thickness of steel plate (5) is 10 ~ 20mm, long and a width of 90~250mm;The thickness that described warming plate (3) does not has the side of steel plate (5) to expose rectangle framework (1) is 20 ~ 50mm.
2. an assembled, the construction method of modular architectural system, it is characterised in that:
(1) making of the basic plate of steel skeleton:
Constituted the outside framework of the basic plate of whole steel skeleton by rectangle framework (1), warming plate (3) is embedded in rectangle framework (1) In, in described warming plate (3), it is additionally provided with the support column (2) supporting rectangle framework (1) upper and lower two long limits;At rectangle frame Being respectively arranged with steel plate (5) boring, square on four angles of body (1), steel plate (5) is in the side contacted with warming plate (3) Welded nut, when being used for installing, bolt tightens use by boring;And suspension ring are set on steel skeleton basic plate long side direction (7), suspension ring (7) are screwed suspension ring (7);Before installation, screw on, after installation, back out;
The side of warming plate (3), its thickness slightly has more the edge of cold-formed thin-walled C steel, is to combine as with wall body outer wall face Side;And the opposite side of warming plate (3) is the side as the built-in facing being connected with body of wall, post;Net (4) is placed in warming plate (3) middle part in, and be set in parallel inside and outside warming plate (3), size is corresponding with the area of warming plate (3), net (4) wire netting (4) is used;Together with part that hole, that square steel plate (5) overlaps with rectangle framework (1) is also welded to, and The opposite side of steel plate (5) is perpendicularly thereto fixed with the first junction steel plate (6), the side of this first junction steel plate (6) again with The side of dagger (2) is by being welded and fixed;The minor face of rectangle framework (1) and the top of support column (2) and the second junction steel plate (8) welding;Then, the second junction steel plate (8) internal orifice with the cold-formed thin-walled C steel of rectangle framework (1) again welds, and is growing Cold-formed thin-walled C steel one end of square framework (1) utilizes hush panel (10) solder up;Finally, by boring, square steel plate (5) weld with rectangle framework (1), support column (2), the first junction steel plate (6);The top of support column (2) is respectively with first even Connect steel plate (6) welding;Then, the first junction steel plate (6) internal orifice with the cold-formed thin-walled C steel of rectangle framework (1) again welds;
(2) the modularization assemble combining form of the basic plate of steel skeleton:
Select the basic plate of two or more than two steel skeleton, the rectangle framework (1) of basic for the steel skeleton plate shape by welding Formula is connected to become one piece and meets the steel skeleton installing plate that building use requires, in the rectangle framework (1) of the basic plate of steel skeleton Between utilize adjust steel plate (11) thickness adjust so that meet overall dimensions, this completes the spelling of the basic plate of steel skeleton Dress combination;
(3) metope of steel skeleton installing plate is installed:
The first step is first to be connected with building post by steel skeleton installing plate, this namely reinforcing bar frame plate complete metope fabricated the One step, is divided into by the type of building post and is connected with steel column and is connected with concrete column;
It is the connector installed with steel column for steel skeleton installing plate that steel column installs bracket, for support steel skeleton installing plate, Stake rib (13) is mutually perpendicular to weld with the cushion cap steel plate (12) of level, then by the most vertical with cushion cap steel plate (12) for ribs (13) The weldment of straight welding, and steel column (14) vertical welding, thus form steel column and bracket is installed;Concrete column install bracket be for The connector that steel skeleton installing plate is installed with concrete column, for support steel skeleton installing plate, ribs (13) is held with level Platform steel plate (12) is mutually perpendicular to welding, and ribs (13) is then mutually perpendicular to the welding welded with horizontal cushion cap steel plate (12) Part, vertical welding is on the concrete column bracket built-in fitting being made up of pre-embedded steel slab (15) and concrete column (16), thus forms Concrete column installs bracket;
On steel column (14) or concrete column (16), being fixedly installed some building posts from top to bottom and install bracket, level sets The cushion cap steel plate (12) put is for placing the steel plate (5) and hanging piece corner brace (17) connecting itself and the basic plate of steel skeleton installing plate, so Respectively hanging piece corner brace (17) is fixed with steel plate (5) and cushion cap steel plate (12) with bolt afterwards;Upper and lower two pieces of steel skeleton installing plates it Between leave gap, clearance distance 20-30mm, the built-in polyethylene foamed in gap rod (23), on the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod (23) Under be respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars (19), reinforcing bar (19) is welded on outside rectangle framework (1) surrounding, two steel skeleton installing plates Having the extruded sheet (25) of thick 19mm, high 100-150mm between rectangle framework (1) and wall face, extruded sheet (25) is poly-with foaming Filling with sealant (24) between ethylene rod (23), is by the composite impervious coating of cement based (21) and glass from the outside to the core at outer wall joint Fibre web cement clay composite bed (22), extruded sheet (25), polyethylene foamed rod (23), and reinforcing bar (19) composition;Described cement based Composite impervious coating (21) is the portland cement according to 90%, the aluminium stearate of 3%, the sodium silicate of 2%, the calcium hydroxide of 5%, weight The material with waterproof impervious characteristic of amount ratio composition;Described glass fiber net cement clay composite bed (22) is fine by cement glass Dimension flameproof fabric and the material with waterproof impervious characteristic of clay composition;
Hanging piece corner brace (17), support corner brace (18) install being horizontally disposed with of bracket with being fixedly installed on some building posts from top to bottom Cushion cap steel plate (12), and profit is connected with;Hanging piece corner brace (17), support corner brace (18) install the level of bracket with building post Arrange cushion cap steel plate (12) utilize bolted connecting hole with plate length or building post away from direction make become Long Circle Hole, bore dia is 21.5mm, a length of 30mm in hole;Hanging piece corner brace (17) opens circular hole at plate width or building height direction;Further, steel The number of openings of the corresponding steel plate (5) in skeleton installing plate corner and hanging piece corner brace (17) should be consistent, and bore position should be consistent;Hold Torr corner brace (18) needs out slotted hole at plate width or building height direction;First with slotted hole in plate width or building height side Leave the surplus of 10 ~ 30mm to distance, treat that steel skeleton installing plate installs two horizontally disposed pile cap steel of bracket with building post Plate (12) is installed in place and after being completely embedded by hanging piece corner brace (17) and support corner brace (18), and nature bolt can be in support corner brace (18) rational position of the slotted hole opened;
(4) the metope stress system of steel skeleton installing plate:
It is divided into plate plate to strengthen type of attachment and whole wall strengthens type of attachment;Strengthen purlin and include laterally strengthening purlin (26) and vertically Strengthen purlin (27);
Plate plate strengthens in type of attachment, utilizes and laterally strengthen purlin (26) and the 4th junction steel plate (29) weldering between all plate plates Connecing, the 4th junction steel plate (29) welds with rectangle framework (1), and the 4th junction steel plate (29) spacing is between 500-1500mm; Laterally strengthen purlin (26) position and the opening direction of groove furthermore, it is desirable to consider to adjust, laterally strengthen purlin in door, window hole position Rectangle framework (1) at bar (26) Ying Yumen, window hole in same plane position, same opening direction, not affect door, window Install;Laterally strengthen purlin (26) consistent with rectangle framework (1) length direction along rectangle framework (1) length direction, but The two ends total minimizing distance of rectangle framework (1) length direction that compares not should be greater than 500mm, the most laterally strengthens purlin (26) every The square framework of side distance (1) not should be greater than 250mm;Vertically strengthen purlin (27) for less than or equal to laterally strengthening purlin (26) The cold-formed thin-walled C steel in cross section or cold bending thin wall steel square steel tube, weld, at door, window hole mutually with laterally strengthening purlin (26) Rectangle framework (1) weld mutually along door, window hole short transverse;Support bar (28) and the rectangle framework of steel skeleton installing plate (1) without direct connection relational, the two ends of support bar (28) are welded mutually with laterally strengthening purlin (26), and are laterally strengthening purlin (26) two ends welding support bar (28);
Whole wall strengthens in type of attachment, utilizes and laterally strengthen purlin (26) and be connected with the 4th bottom ash wall body plate top and ash wall body plate Steel plate (29) welds, and the 4th junction steel plate (29) welds with rectangle framework (1), and the 4th junction steel plate (29) spacing is at 500- Between 1500mm;Further, according to circumstances laterally strengthen to choose whether to increase between purlin (26) two and laterally strengthen purlin (26); If increasing after laterally strengthening purlin (26), laterally strengthen the distance between purlin (26) at 3000-4500mm with two;Wherein, perpendicular Laterally strengthen between purlin (26) two to strengthening purlin (27), vertically strengthen purlin (27) two ends and laterally strengthen purlin (26) Weld, and the rectangle framework (1) vertically strengthening purlin (27) and steel skeleton installing plate utilizes the 4th junction steel plate (29) weldering Connect;Support bar (28) is welded, rectangular without with steel skeleton installing plate of support bar (28) at the two ends laterally strengthening purlin (26) Shape framework (1) is connected;
(5) other nodes of the metope of steel skeleton installing plate:
It is directed to build the situation of insulation demand, inside inner veneer (30) and steel skeleton installing plate, vertically strengthens purlin (27), laterally strengthen and between purlin (26), lay inside holding plate (31), inside the close steel skeleton installing plate of inside holding plate (31), with Steel skeleton installing plate is directly pasted;Finally, at inner veneer (30) inner side brushing paint;Described inner veneer (30) is interior decoration Select plaque, including plasterboard, calcium silicate board;Described inside holding plate (31) material employing weight proportion is: the EPS of 10% ~ 30% Granular polystyrene or perlite, the portland cement of 30% ~ 50%, and the flyash of 30% ~ 40% are made;
Situation about combining with forms, is provided with plastic-steel window (32) between the rectangle framework (1) of two steel skeleton installing plates, rectangular Shape framework (1) outer wrapping wall face, between wall face and the two rectangle frameworks (1) in the upper and lower, left and right portion of plastic-steel window (32) Fluid sealant is utilized to tamp the gap between window and rectangle framework (1), and in outdoor, indoor metope and rectangle framework (1) it is also equipped with extruded sheet (25) between, and after extruded sheet (25) laying terminates, utilizes glass fiber net cement clay composite bed (22) and the composite impervious coating of cement based (21) brushing, levelling, capillary groove or olecranon are set on the upside of window, enter on the downside of window Row looks for slope;The upper and lower, left and right portion of plastic-steel window (32) is fixed by nailing (33) with rectangle framework (1), whole window works After journey terminates, glass cement is utilized to seal in window upper and lower, left and right portion with cement based composite impervious coating (21) junction;
Application in Side fascia external corner, the H profile steel post that steel column (14) employing cross section is H-shaped, i.e. the parallel steel column (14) of both sides, And connection steel column (14) therebetween;Two steel skeleton installing plates are arranged in a mutually vertical manner, and leave 10 ~ 30mm gap, gap at intersection point Built-in polyethylene foamed rod (23), there is the steel being connected on outside rectangle framework (1) surrounding polyethylene foamed rod (23) inner side Muscle (19), is provided with extruded sheet (25), extruded sheet (25) and polyethylene foamed in the outside of two steel skeleton installing plate vertical connections Filling with sealant (24) between rod (23), wall face is by external decoration surface layer (20), the composite impervious coating of cement based from the outside to the core (21) constitute with glass fiber net cement clay composite bed (22);The rectangle framework (1) of level and fixing the building in steel column (14) lower section Build post installation bracket to be connected, the building post installation bracket that vertical rectangle framework (1) is fixing with being connected steel column (14) right side It is connected;
Application in Side fascia inner corner trim, extruded sheet (25) is arranged on the interior angle of two orthogonal rectangle frameworks (1), and H Steel column (14) is realized by channel-section steel outrigger (34) with the connection of two rectangle frameworks (1);H profile steel post (14) top Channel-section steel outrigger (34) with vertical on rectangle framework (1) parallel, and by building post, bracket is installed and is connected, the connection of H profile steel Channel-section steel outrigger (34) in the upper right of steel column (14) is parallel with level rectangle framework (1) upwards, and by building post Installation bracket is connected;
(6) the roofing installation form I, II, III of steel skeleton installing plate:
The roofing installation form I of steel skeleton installing plate, steel skeleton installing plate first welds the 4th junction steel plate (29) spacing at 500- Between 1500mm, laterally strengthen purlin (26) in the upper welding of the 4th junction steel plate (29), then, then lift steel skeleton installing plate, Make steel skeleton installing plate be connected with roof bearing structure beam, and weld formation roof boarding system;Laterally strengthen purlin (26) welding On steel skeleton installing plate, two pieces of steel skeleton installing plate gaps built-in polyethylene foamed rod (23), polyethylene foamed rod (23) Inner side is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars (19) up and down, and reinforcing bar (19) is welded on outside rectangle framework (1) surrounding, two steel skeleton peaces There is extruded sheet (25) between dress plate rectangle framework (1) and roofing, fill between extruded sheet (25) and polyethylene foamed rod (23) Fluid sealant (24), after steel skeleton installing plate installation, joint treatment terminate, directly carries out roofing next process construction;Steel On skeleton installing plate from-inner-to-outer structure be respectively by roofing heat-insulating layer (35), roof slope making layer (36), roofing screed-coat (37), Roof waterproof layer (38) is constituted;
The roofing installation form II of steel skeleton installing plate, first laterally strengthening purlin (26) erecting and welding at roof bearing structure beam On, laterally strengthening purlin (26) upper welding the 4th junction steel plate (29), spacing, between 500-1500mm, connects steel the 4th Plate is welded and fixed steel skeleton installing plate on (29), makes steel skeleton installing plate be connected with roof bearing structure beam, and welds formation room Panel system;Laterally strengthening purlin (26) to be welded on steel skeleton installing plate, two pieces of built-in foaming in steel skeleton installing plate gap gather Ethylene rod (23), the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod (23) is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars (19) up and down, and reinforcing bar (19) is welded on length Outside square framework (1) surrounding, between two steel skeletons installing plate rectangle framework (1) and roofing, there are extruded sheet (25), extruded sheet (25) and polyethylene foamed rod (23) between filling with sealant (24), after steel skeleton installing plate installation, joint treatment terminate, Directly carry out roofing next process construction;On steel skeleton installing plate from-inner-to-outer structure be respectively by roofing heat-insulating layer (35), Roof slope making layer (36), roofing screed-coat (37), roof waterproof layer (38) are constituted;
The roofing installation form III of steel skeleton installing plate, for first load-bearing secondary beam erecting and welding on roof bearing structure beam, hold Weight time case bay is determined by the length pitch requirements of basic plate, is then directly welded and fixed on secondary beam and installs basic plate, and not With increasing any enhancing component, other way afterwards is all with first two method: installation form I and installation form II;And reduce The thickness of the basic plate of steel skeleton, thickness is 100 ~ 120mm, and other structure constructs with the basic plate of steel skeleton;
(7) the flooring installation form I, II, III of steel skeleton installing plate:
The flooring installation form I of steel skeleton installing plate, steel skeleton installing plate first welds the 4th junction steel plate (29), and spacing is at 500- Between 1500mm, laterally strengthen purlin (26) in the upper welding of the 4th junction steel plate (29), then, then lift steel skeleton installing plate, Make steel skeleton installing plate be connected with flooring load-carrying members beam, and weld formation floorboard system;Laterally strengthen purlin (26) welding On steel skeleton installing plate, two pieces of steel skeleton installing plate gaps built-in polyethylene foamed rod (23), polyethylene foamed rod (23) Inner side is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars (19) up and down, and reinforcing bar (19) is welded on outside rectangle framework (1) surrounding, two steel skeleton peaces There is extruded sheet (25) between dress plate rectangle framework (1) and flooring, fill between extruded sheet (25) and polyethylene foamed rod (23) Fluid sealant (24), after steel skeleton installing plate installation, joint treatment terminate, directly carries out flooring next process construction;Steel On skeleton installing plate, from-inner-to-outer is to be made up of flooring screed-coat (40), flooring surface layer (41) respectively;
The flooring installation form II of steel skeleton installing plate, for first laterally strengthening purlin (26) erecting and welding in flooring load-carrying members Liang Shang, is laterally strengthening purlin (26) upper welding the 4th junction steel plate (29), and spacing, between 500-1500mm, connects the 4th Steel plate is welded and fixed steel skeleton installing plate on (29), makes steel skeleton installing plate be connected with flooring load-carrying members beam, and welds formation Floorboard system;Laterally strengthen purlin (26) to be welded on steel skeleton installing plate, two pieces of built-in foaming in steel skeleton installing plate gap Polyethylene rod (23), the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod (23) is respectively arranged with two sections of reinforcing bars (19) up and down, and reinforcing bar (19) is welded on Outside rectangle framework (1) surrounding, between two steel skeletons installing plate rectangle framework (1) and flooring, there are extruded sheet (25), extrusion molding Filling with sealant (24) between plate (25) and polyethylene foamed rod (23), steel skeleton installing plate installation, joint treatment terminate After, directly carry out flooring next process construction;On steel skeleton installing plate, from-inner-to-outer is by flooring screed-coat (40), building respectively Face surface layer (41) is constituted;
The flooring installation form III of steel skeleton installing plate, first load-bearing secondary beam erecting and welding on flooring load-carrying members beam, load-bearing Secondary case bay is determined by the length pitch requirements of steel skeleton installing plate, is then directly welded and fixed installation steel skeleton peace on secondary beam Dress plate, and it is increased without any enhancing component;Other way afterwards is all with first two method;And decrease the basic plate of steel skeleton Thickness, thickness is 100 ~ 120mm, other structure construct with the basic plate of steel skeleton;
(8) rack of steel skeleton installing plate is installed:
The first method of attachment, first connects into the integral slab needed for a network frame plate grid on the ground by steel skeleton installing plate, Then integral hoisting, and be connected with grid node;Specifically: first according to the steel skeleton installing plate needed for a network frame plate grid Situation, on the ground, steel skeleton installing plate is first welded the 4th junction steel plate (29), spacing between 500-1500mm, The upper welding of 4th junction steel plate (29) laterally strengthens purlin (26) so that laterally strengthens purlin (26) and can become rectangle framework (1) enhancing primary structure member, becomes the integral slab needed for one piece of network frame plate grid;Then, integrate this block integral slab, make integral slab It is connected with grid node, and welds formation network frame plate system;Laterally strengthen purlin (26) to be welded on steel skeleton installing plate, two pieces Steel skeleton installing plate gap built-in polyethylene foamed rod (23), the inner side of polyethylene foamed rod (23) is respectively arranged with two sections up and down Reinforcing bar (19), reinforcing bar (19) is welded on outside rectangle framework (1) surrounding, two steel skeleton installing plate rectangle framework (1) and rooms Thick extruded sheet (25), filling with sealant (24) between thick extruded sheet (25) and polyethylene foamed rod (23), steel skeleton is had between face After installing plate installation, joint treatment terminate, directly carry out roofing next process construction;On steel skeleton installing plate from interior and Outer structure is by roofing heat-insulating layer (35), roof slope making layer (36), roofing screed-coat (37), roof waterproof layer (38) structure respectively Become;
The second method of attachment, first installs the load-bearing primary-secondary beam needed for steel skeleton installing plate, on grid node on primary-secondary beam Steel skeleton installing plate is installed, on primary-secondary beam, is then directly welded and fixed the basic plate of installation, and is increased without any enhancing component; Other way afterwards is all with first method the thickness that decreases the basic plate of steel skeleton, and thickness is 100 ~ 120mm, other knot Structure constructs with the basic plate of steel skeleton.
CN201410077374.3A 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 A kind of assembled, modular architectural system CN103821276B (en)

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