CN103015565B - Prefabricated and assembled type integrated reinforced concrete load bearing wall and building construction method - Google Patents

Prefabricated and assembled type integrated reinforced concrete load bearing wall and building construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103015565B
CN103015565B CN201210561926.9A CN201210561926A CN103015565B CN 103015565 B CN103015565 B CN 103015565B CN 201210561926 A CN201210561926 A CN 201210561926A CN 103015565 B CN103015565 B CN 103015565B
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load bearing
bearing wall
concrete load
described
step
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CN201210561926.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103015565A (en
Inventor
刘文清
闫红缨
张新全
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黑龙江宇辉新型建筑材料有限公司
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Priority to CN201210329628 priority
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Priority to CN201210561926.9A priority patent/CN103015565B/en
Publication of CN103015565A publication Critical patent/CN103015565A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a prefabricated and assembled type integrated reinforced concrete load bearing wall and a building construction method. A prefabricated and assembled type integrated building concrete shear wall structure system is widely applied to a high-rise building. The prefabricated and assembled type integrated reinforced concrete load bearing wall consists of a prefabricated concrete load bearing wall component (1) with a connection rebar (12), a beam stirrup and an overlapping beam (11); the connection rebar is inserted into a longitudinal bar post-poured constructional column (3); the longitudinal bar post-poured constructional column is connected with a stirrup (4); the stirrup is connected with a beam upper part main bar (5); the beam upper part main bar is connected with a board upper part bar (6); the upper part and the lower part of the prefabricated concrete load bearing wall component are respectively connected with a prefabricated composite floor slab (2) through ring beams (8); and the lateral face of the prefabricated concrete load bearing wall component is connected with a post-poured constructional column (7). The prefabricated and assembled type integrated reinforced concrete load bearing wall provided by the invention is used for a prefabricated component of the building.

Description

Fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall and construction techniques

technical field:

the present invention relates to a kind of fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall and construction techniques.

background technology:

architecture construction is developed so far a variety of structural system.Fabricated assembly overall house concrete shear wall structure system is widely used in highrise building.But it expends steel and fund is more, be not suitable for small building and use.Existing small building mostly is building block load-carrying members, and speed of application is slow, and relatively long in time limit, globality is poor, and insulation difference is the disadvantage of building block load-carrying members.

summary of the invention:

the object of this invention is to provide a kind of lightweight, globality and intensity good, speed of application is fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall architectural structure system and construction techniques fast and easily.

above-mentioned object is realized by following technical scheme:

a kind of fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, its composition comprises: with the precast concrete load bearing wall component of superposed beam, and described precast concrete load bearing wall component both sides have the connecting reinforcement stretched out inside, between described precast concrete load bearing wall component by described connecting reinforcement anchoring or be connected to after-pouring constructional column in form body of wall entirety, the described superposed beam of described precast concrete load bearing wall top has beam stirrup, the main muscle in beam top is installed with in described beam stirrup, the main muscle in beam top described in superimposed sheet top negative bending moment rib connects, described superimposed sheet top negative bending moment rib connects prefabricated superimposed sheet component by concrete, Prefabricated stacking floor is by described prefabricated superimposed sheet component, described superimposed sheet top negative bending moment rib and concrete build up, single layer structure entirety is formed by described Prefabricated stacking floor and described body of wall entirety, fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete rated load-bearing building construction is formed overall by the single layer structure entirety described in one group.

described fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, described precast concrete load bearing wall component inside has single-layer bidirectional reinforcing bar or double-layer double-direction reinforcing bar; Described precast concrete load bearing wall component is that solid concrete or inside have emptying aperture or inside has light filling thing.

described fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, described connecting reinforcement is straight reinforcing bar or bending reinforcing steel bar or semi-circular reinforcing bar or steel hoop, and described connecting reinforcement is anchoring or connection in the constructional column of cast-in-place after-pouring.

described fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, described precast concrete load bearing wall top is described superposed beam, the main muscle in beam bottom of described superposed beam and beam stirrup are embedded in component, described Zhu Jin both sides, beam bottom are stretched out and are anchored in the constructional column of described after-pouring, described beam stirrup extension is opening or remains silent, described precast concrete load bearing wall top and surperficial embedded nut.

described fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, when described precast concrete load bearing wall component inside has described single-layer bidirectional reinforcing bar, described precast concrete load bearing wall component both sides arrange the alkali proof fiber grid cloth of crack resistence or staple glass fibre mesh sheet or mesh sheet; When described precast concrete load bearing wall component has solid concrete, described collar tie beam uses with lower part or does not use regeneration aggregate or building waste; Described precast concrete load bearing wall component inside has emptying aperture or inside when having light filling thing, and described precast concrete load bearing wall component its excess-three mask than its top has the constructing apparatus of reinforcement globality; Described precast concrete load bearing wall component side is matsurface or has groove.

described fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, has concrete rib at described precast concrete load bearing wall component inside, and described concrete rib laterally or is longitudinally evenly arranged in described precast concrete load bearing wall component; Described concrete rib is i-shape component, and described i-shape component has upper cross rib and lower cross rib, is connected between described upper cross rib and described lower cross rib by perpendicular rib.

described fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, has concrete rib at described precast concrete load bearing wall component inside, and described concrete rib laterally or is longitudinally evenly arranged in described precast concrete load bearing wall component; Described concrete rib is i-shape component, and described i-shape component has upper cross rib and lower cross rib, is connected between described upper cross rib and described lower cross rib by perpendicular rib.

described fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, has insulation layer or has insulation layer and architectural surface when described precast concrete load bearing wall component is the external walls of building, described insulation layer and architectural surface prefabricated to top plate top; The described each layer of precast concrete load bearing wall component is connected by section thermal attach; Described precast concrete load bearing wall component does not have described superposed beam when being non-bearing wall.

utilize a construction techniques for above-mentioned fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, this method comprises the following steps:

first, fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall

the first step is after plate condensation, and surveyor puts precast concrete load bearing wall member position dimension line;

second step wall member position on precast concrete load bearing wall component makes " ash cake ";

3rd step lays cement mortar at precast concrete load bearing wall member position place, and mortar is a little more than " ash cake " upper surface;

4th step before mortar initial set by precast concrete load bearing wall lifting component to relevant position;

then building body construction is carried out:

the first step, after precast concrete load bearing wall Components installation completes, uses bearing diagonal to be fixed by component; The constructional column reinforcing bar of second step colligation after-pouring;

3rd step installs the constructional column template of after-pouring;

4th step builds the constructional column concrete of after-pouring;

5th step arranges plate and supports;

6th step lays Prefabricated stacking floor;

the 7th main muscle in step colligation superposed beam top and superimposed sheet top muscle;

8th step builds the above concrete of Prefabricated stacking floor superposed surfaces;

repeat the step of above-mentioned the first ~ eight step, until top layer.

utilize the construction techniques of above-mentioned fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, in described second step, described " ash cake " essence is concrete pad, at precast concrete load bearing wall component installation location place, protrude from plate upper surface, build with lower floor Prefabricated stacking floor concrete, " ash cake " upper surface and plate rise difference for bed course height simultaneously; In the 3rd described step, described cement mortar is a little more than " ash cake " upper surface, and when being to make precast concrete load bearing wall Components installation, bottom bedding mortar is full; In the 4th described step, after body of wall installation in position, bearing diagonal is installed, then regulates precast concrete load bearing wall component verticality, finally fix bearing diagonal; Described bearing diagonal is the support bar of band regulatory function.

beneficial effect:

1. the present invention instead of building block load-carrying members, under the prerequisite not reducing bearing capacity and intensity, replaces blockwork with integrated member, makes structure have more globality; The collar tie beam of normal setting and structure are built and are made structural seismic performance better.

insulation layer and the architectural surface of exterior wall of the present invention are prefabricated, along with the construction of agent structure, insulation layer and finish coat have also been constructed simultaneously, other complicated procedures of forming that when therefore eliminating original form of construction work, agent structure is a large amount of after completing, site operation environment and condition are improved greatly, and speed of application is accelerated greatly.

both sides of the present invention arrange reinforcing bar or other mesh sheet, ensure that the intensity of body of wall, make precast wall body good integrity, and mechanical property is good, and crack resistance is good.

the body of wall of building precast plate of the present invention, surfacing, process of need not plastering, this product is incubated, heat insulation, soundproof effect good.

construction technology of the present invention is simple, construction quality is easy to ensure, improves the labor productivity of precast unit production and transport, improves the total quality of house, reduce costs, reduce energy consumption.

the scene of instant invention overcomes by the drawback of the combination of regeneration aggregate and cast-in-situ concrete, effectively cannot apply regeneration aggregate, saves a large amount of raw material, the saving of material is served to the effect of propelling.

accompanying drawing illustrates:

accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of this product.

accompanying drawing 2 is structural representations when light weight wall component is solid in accompanying drawing 1.

accompanying drawing 3 is horizontal sectional drawings of accompanying drawing 2.

accompanying drawing 4 is structural representations of side fascia when light weight wall component is solid in accompanying drawing 1.

accompanying drawing 5 is horizontal sectional drawings of accompanying drawing 4.

accompanying drawing 6 is that in accompanying drawing 1, light weight wall component inside has structural representation when emptying aperture or inside have a light filling thing.

accompanying drawing 7 is accompanying drawing 6 inside horizontal sectional drawings when having an emptying aperture.

accompanying drawing 8 is accompanying drawing 6 inside horizontal sectional drawings when having a light filling thing.

accompanying drawing 9 is that in accompanying drawing 1, light weight wall component inside has external wall panel structure schematic diagram when emptying aperture or inside have a light filling thing.

accompanying drawing 10 is accompanying drawing 9 inside horizontal sectional drawings when having an emptying aperture.

accompanying drawing 11 is accompanying drawing 9 inside horizontal sectional drawings when having a light filling thing.

accompanying drawing 12 is structural representations that accompanying drawing 1 connecting reinforcement stretches out for individual layer reinforcing bar.

accompanying drawing 13 is structural representations that accompanying drawing 1 end face beam stirrup stretches out.

accompanying drawing 14 is that accompanying drawing 1 bolt arranges schematic diagram.

accompanying drawing 15 is that the A of accompanying drawing 1 is to partial enlarged drawing.

accompanying drawing 16 is structural representations that the connecting reinforcement of accompanying drawing 12 stretches out for double steel bar.

accompanying drawing 17 is structural representations that the connecting reinforcement of accompanying drawing 12 stretches out for two outer hook reinforcing bar.

accompanying drawing 18 is structural representations that the connecting reinforcement of accompanying drawing 12 stretches out for two interior hook reinforcing bar.

accompanying drawing 19 is structural representations that the connecting reinforcement of accompanying drawing 12 stretches out for two outer straight hook reinforcing bar.

accompanying drawing 20 is structural representations that the connecting reinforcement of accompanying drawing 12 stretches out for two outer bail reinforcing bar.

accompanying drawing 21 is structural representations that the connecting reinforcement of accompanying drawing 12 stretches out for two outer ring opening hook reinforcing bar.

accompanying drawing 22 is that accompanying drawing 1 bolt arranges schematic diagram.

accompanying drawing 23 is that accompanying drawing 1 side grooves arranges schematic diagram.

accompanying drawing 24 is that the B of accompanying drawing 1 is to partial enlarged drawing.

detailed description of the invention:

embodiment 1:

a kind of fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, its composition comprises: with connecting reinforcement 12, the precast concrete load bearing wall component 1 of beam stirrup and superposed beam 11, described connecting reinforcement inserts in the constructional column 3 of vertical muscle after-pouring, the constructional column of described vertical muscle after-pouring connects stirrup 4, the described main muscle 5 in beam stirrup tie-beam top, described main muscle junction plate top, beam top muscle 6, described precast concrete load bearing wall member upper is connected Prefabricated stacking floor 2 with bottom respectively by collar tie beam 8, described precast concrete load bearing wall component side connects the constructional column 7 of the after-pouring of after-pouring.

embodiment 2:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described in embodiment 1, described fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete solid-walled structure building, described precast concrete load bearing wall component is that solid concrete or inside have emptying aperture 9 or inside has light filling thing 10, described emptying aperture inside arranges single-layer bidirectional connecting reinforcement or double-layer double-direction connecting reinforcement, and described single-layer bidirectional connecting reinforcement or double-layer double-direction connecting reinforcement stretch out outside described precast concrete load bearing wall component by component both sides; Described light filling thing inside arranges single-layer bidirectional connecting reinforcement or double-layer double-direction connecting reinforcement, and described single-layer bidirectional connecting reinforcement or double-layer double-direction connecting reinforcement are stretched out outside described precast concrete load bearing wall component by component both sides.

embodiment 3:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described in embodiment 1 or 2, described connecting reinforcement is straight reinforcing bar or bending reinforcing steel bar or semi-circular reinforcing bar or steel hoop, and described connecting reinforcement is anchoring or connection in the constructional column of cast-in-place after-pouring.

embodiment 4:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described in embodiment 1, described precast concrete load bearing wall top is described superposed beam, the main muscle in beam bottom of described superposed beam and beam stirrup are embedded in component, described Zhu Jin both sides, beam bottom are stretched out and are anchored in the constructional column of described after-pouring, described beam stirrup extension is opening or remains silent, described precast concrete load bearing wall top and surperficial embedded nut.

embodiment 5:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described in embodiment 1, when described precast concrete load bearing wall component inside has described single-layer bidirectional reinforcing bar, described precast concrete load bearing wall component both sides arrange the alkali proof fiber grid cloth of crack resistence or staple glass fibre mesh sheet or mesh sheet; When described precast concrete load bearing wall component has solid concrete, described collar tie beam uses regeneration aggregate with lower part; Described precast concrete load bearing wall component inside has emptying aperture or inside when having light filling thing, and described precast concrete load bearing wall component its excess-three mask than its top has the constructing apparatus of reinforcement globality; Described precast concrete load bearing wall component side is matsurface or has groove.

embodiment 6:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described in above-described embodiment, has concrete rib at described precast concrete load bearing wall component inside, and described concrete rib laterally or is longitudinally evenly arranged in described precast concrete load bearing wall component; Described concrete rib is i-shape component, and described i-shape component has upper cross rib and lower cross rib, is connected between described upper cross rib and described lower cross rib by perpendicular rib.

embodiment 7:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described above, has concrete rib at described precast concrete load bearing wall component inside, and described concrete rib laterally or is longitudinally evenly arranged in described precast concrete load bearing wall component; Described concrete rib is i-shape component, and described i-shape component has upper cross rib and lower cross rib, is connected between described upper cross rib and described lower cross rib by perpendicular rib.

embodiment 8:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described above, described precast concrete load bearing wall component is external walls or the non-bearing wall of building, has insulation layer or has insulation layer and architectural surface when described precast concrete load bearing wall component is the external walls of building; The described each layer of precast concrete load bearing wall component is connected by section thermal attach; Described precast concrete load bearing wall component does not have described superposed beam when being non-bearing wall; Described insulation layer and architectural surface prefabricated to top plate top.

embodiment 9:

utilize a construction techniques for above-mentioned fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, this method comprises the following steps:

first, fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall

the first step is after plate condensation, and surveyor puts precast concrete load bearing wall member position dimension line;

second step wall member position on precast concrete load bearing wall component makes " ash cake ";

3rd step lays cement mortar at precast concrete load bearing wall member position place, and mortar is a little more than " ash cake " upper surface;

4th step before mortar initial set by precast concrete load bearing wall lifting component to relevant position;

then building body construction is carried out:

the first step, after precast concrete load bearing wall Components installation completes, uses bearing diagonal to be fixed by component; The constructional column reinforcing bar of second step colligation after-pouring;

3rd step installs the constructional column template of after-pouring;

4th step builds the constructional column concrete of after-pouring;

5th step arranges plate and supports;

6th step lays Prefabricated stacking floor;

the 7th main muscle in step colligation superposed beam top and superimposed sheet top muscle;

8th step builds the above concrete of Prefabricated stacking floor superposed surfaces;

repeat the step of above-mentioned the first ~ eight step, until top layer.

embodiment 10:

the construction techniques utilizing above-mentioned fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described in embodiment 9, in described second step, described " ash cake " essence is concrete pad, at precast concrete load bearing wall component installation location place, protrude from plate upper surface, build with lower floor Prefabricated stacking floor concrete, " ash cake " upper surface and plate rise difference for bed course height simultaneously; In the 3rd described step, described cement mortar is a little more than " ash cake " upper surface, and when being to make precast concrete load bearing wall Components installation, bottom bedding mortar is full; After body of wall installation in position, bearing diagonal is installed, then regulates precast concrete load bearing wall component verticality, finally fix bearing diagonal; Described bearing diagonal is the support bar of band regulatory function.

embodiment 11:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described above, its composition comprises: precast concrete load bearing wall component 1; Prefabricated stacking floor 2; The concrete that the constructional column of the after-pouring of on-the-spot colligation is indulged muscle 3 and stirrup 4, the main muscle 5 in beam top, plate top muscle 6 and built, constructional column 7 and the collar tie beam 8 of the after-pouring of after-pouring make structure finally form entirety; Described precast concrete load bearing wall component is solid or inside has emptying aperture 9 or inside has light filling thing 10; Top has superposed beam 11; Component both sides have connecting reinforcement 12.

embodiment 12:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described above, described precast concrete load bearing wall component is solid or inside has emptying aperture 9 or inside has light filling thing 10, inside arranges single-layer bidirectional reinforcing bar 13 or double-layer double-direction reinforcing bar 14, and reinforcing bar is stretched out by component both sides.The reinforcing bar form of stretching out is straight reinforcing bar 15 or bending reinforcing steel bar 16 or semi-circular reinforcing bar 17 or steel hoop 18, and reinforcing bar is anchoring or connection in the constructional column of cast-in-place after-pouring.

embodiment 13:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described above, described precast concrete load bearing wall top is superposed beam 11, the main muscle 19 in superposed beam bottom and stirrup 20 are embedded in component, Zhu Jin both sides, beam bottom are stretched out and are anchored in the constructional column of after-pouring, and beam stirrup stretches out with opening 21 or 22 forms of remaining silent.

embodiment 14:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described above, described precast concrete load bearing wall component solid concrete constantly, inside arranges single-layer bidirectional reinforcing bar, and both sides arrange the alkali proof fiber grid cloth of crack resistence, staple glass fibre mesh sheet or other mesh sheet 27.

described precast concrete load bearing wall component inside has emptying aperture or inside when having light filling thing, and inside arranges double-layer double-direction reinforcing bar, and side is the structure configuration 23 of the vertical muscle 24 of configuration and stirrup 25.

when described precast concrete load bearing wall component inside has emptying aperture, arrange concrete rib 26 at component inside, concrete rib laterally or is longitudinally evenly arranged in component; Described rib essence is I shape internals.

the connecting reinforcement of accompanying drawing 16 stretches out for double steel bar 36;

the connecting reinforcement of accompanying drawing 17 stretches out for two outer hook reinforcing bar 16;

the connecting reinforcement of accompanying drawing 18 stretches out for two interior hook reinforcing bar 37;

the connecting reinforcement of accompanying drawing 19 stretches out for two outer straight hook reinforcing bar 17;

the connecting reinforcement of accompanying drawing 20 stretches out for two outer bail reinforcing bar 18;

the connecting reinforcement of accompanying drawing 21 stretches out for two outer ring opening hook reinforcing bar 38.

embodiment 15:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described above, described precast concrete load bearing wall top and surperficial embedded nut 28, nut is mainly used in lifting and supports.

described precast concrete load bearing wall component side is matsurface or has groove 29.

embodiment 16:

fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall described above, during the external walls of described precast concrete load bearing wall component as building, during the external walls of precast concrete load bearing wall component as building, there is deck and insulation layer, or there is deck 30, insulation layer 31 and architectural surface 32; The each layer of precast concrete load bearing wall component is connected by section thermal attach.Described precast concrete load bearing wall component heat insulation facing layer is prefabricated to top plate top.

Claims (2)

1. a construction techniques for fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall, is characterized in that: this method comprises the following steps:
first, fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall
the first step is after plate condensation, and surveyor puts precast concrete load bearing wall member position dimension line;
second step wall member position on precast concrete load bearing wall component makes " ash cake ";
3rd step lays cement mortar at precast concrete load bearing wall member position place, and mortar is a little more than " ash cake " upper surface;
4th step before mortar initial set by precast concrete load bearing wall lifting component to relevant position;
then building body construction is carried out:
the first step, after precast concrete load bearing wall Components installation completes, uses bearing diagonal to be fixed by component; The constructional column reinforcing bar of second step colligation after-pouring;
3rd step installs the constructional column template of after-pouring;
4th step builds the constructional column concrete of after-pouring;
5th step arranges plate and supports;
6th step lays Prefabricated stacking floor;
the 7th main muscle in step colligation superposed beam top and superimposed sheet top muscle;
8th step builds the above concrete of Prefabricated stacking floor superposed surfaces;
repeat the step of above-mentioned the first ~ eight step, until top layer.
2. the construction techniques of fabricated assembly overall reinforced concrete load bearing wall according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described second step, described " ash cake " essence is concrete pad, at precast concrete load bearing wall component installation location place, protrude from plate upper surface, build with lower floor Prefabricated stacking floor concrete, " ash cake " upper surface and plate rise difference for bed course height simultaneously; In the 3rd described step, described cement mortar is a little more than " ash cake " upper surface, and when being to make precast concrete load bearing wall Components installation, bottom bedding mortar is full; After body of wall installation in position, bearing diagonal is installed, then regulates precast concrete load bearing wall component verticality, finally fix bearing diagonal; Described bearing diagonal is the support bar of band regulatory function.
CN201210561926.9A 2012-09-09 2012-12-22 Prefabricated and assembled type integrated reinforced concrete load bearing wall and building construction method CN103015565B (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012103296287 2012-09-09
CN201210329628 2012-09-09
CN201210329628.7 2012-09-09
CN201210561926.9A CN103015565B (en) 2012-09-09 2012-12-22 Prefabricated and assembled type integrated reinforced concrete load bearing wall and building construction method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210561926.9A CN103015565B (en) 2012-09-09 2012-12-22 Prefabricated and assembled type integrated reinforced concrete load bearing wall and building construction method

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CN103015565A CN103015565A (en) 2013-04-03
CN103015565B true CN103015565B (en) 2015-04-01

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