CN1147652C - Technology for building house with slab-type structure - Google Patents

Technology for building house with slab-type structure

Info

Publication number
CN1147652C
CN1147652C CNB021040249A CN02104024A CN1147652C CN 1147652 C CN1147652 C CN 1147652C CN B021040249 A CNB021040249 A CN B021040249A CN 02104024 A CN02104024 A CN 02104024A CN 1147652 C CN1147652 C CN 1147652C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
building
plates
floor
slab
roof
Prior art date
Application number
CNB021040249A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1366116A (en
Inventor
赵仲星
戴自强
Original Assignee
赵仲星
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 赵仲星 filed Critical 赵仲星
Priority to CNB021040249A priority Critical patent/CN1147652C/en
Publication of CN1366116A publication Critical patent/CN1366116A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1147652C publication Critical patent/CN1147652C/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material

Abstract

The present invention relates to a construction method for building constructions and constructions with similar functions. A plate type structure building comprises inner and outer wall plates, floor plates and roof plates, wherein the inner and the outer wall plates, the floor plates and the roof plates are supporting members, each of which is has the structure that filling flame-retardant polystyrene foam plastics or other thermal insulation materials are filled in a three-dimensional steel wire mesh frame and concrete is compounded on both faces of the three-dimensional steel wire mesh frame; the lower parts of each floor plate and each roof plate use prestressed concrete, and the insides of the floor plates and the roof plates are respectively provided with a plurality of prestressed steel bars; the supporting wall plates, the floor plates, and the roof plates are manufactured in factories in a prefabricated mode; the inner and the outer wall plates, the floor plates and the roof plates are lifted and the construction of the joints are complete at the construction field site. The present invention has favorable mechanical property, and the thickness of the member is much smaller than the wall of other materials and structures so as to increase use space; the dead weight of the member is much smaller than other existing structures so as to reduce building cost; the plate type structure building of the present invention has favorable thermal insulation property and obvious energy saving effect; the plate type structure building of the present invention has favorable sound insulation property, and improves use effect of the building. The plate type structure building of the present invention has the advantages of reliable connection, effectively force transmission, little wet work on site and convenient construction. The plate type structure building of the present invention can be designed into residences, office buildings, and buildings with various other.

Description

Technology for building house with slab-type structure

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of building method of building construction and similar applications building.

Prior art

Builing industry still rests at present and adopts traditional material and manual building by laying bricks or stones, consumes ample resources, destroys the soil, wastes energy, and housing quality can not improve, and building function can not get improving.Civilian construction such as dwelling house, office building, teaching building etc. adopt the brick mix structure form mostly, and the body of wall of this form of structure adopts clay brick to build by laying bricks or stones, bakes bricks and then will ruin field, power consumption, pollute the environment, and country is about to total ban and uses clay brick to build the house.

Domestic some multistoried building adopts frame construction and the light wall construction of framework, though avoided the use clay brick,, still exist building from great, the not high disadvantage of element precast degree has a strong impact on the modernization of building trade, has influenced the realization of housing industrialization.

The big slab-type apartment building of the " of Jian Zaoing in the past " realized the prefabricated production of member to a certain extent,, its wallboard and floor, roof panel is general only is made of Reinforced Concrete Materials, though have mechanical property preferably, building physics performances such as insulation, sound insulation do not possessed.Therefore, there is bad, the defect of bad that insulates against sound of insulation in the dwelling house that builds up, has influenced result of use and living quality, is unfavorable for energy conservation, and is not popular to people.

The combined wall form that some places are being studied all with the reinforced concrete wall load-bearing of sheet material one side, only is attached at the reinforced concrete wall surface with light material, makes body of wall have certain building physics performance.This complex method makes that body of wall reinforced concrete soil thickness is very big, and it is also very big to conduct oneself with dignity, and form of construction work mostly is cast in situs, and the occupied thickness of wall body of light material does not have mechanical meaning.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is to avoid weak point of the prior art, and provides a kind of substantially without clay brick, the technology for building house with slab-type structure that the building physics performance is good.

Can take following technical scheme to realize purpose.

Technology for building house with slab-type structure comprises inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel; But inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel all are by the three dimensions steel wire net rack, and the centre is filled out with the flame-retardant polystyrene foamed plastics, the supporting member that forms behind the composite concrete of two sides; Prestressed concrete is adopted in floor, roof panel bottom, and its inside is added with some prestressed reinforcements; Load-bearing wall panel, floor, roof panel are the prefabricated production of batch production, lift and finish the construction of junction at the construction field (site).

Under the prerequisite that satisfies the said structure requirement, specific constructive form as for the integral body in plank frame house, each funtion part, each zero member, connection between member, fixed form, position relation etc., all can be according to using needs, take the circumstances into consideration to set, they can both realize purpose, guarantee the functional performance and the effect of present technique.

The relative prior art of the technical program has following advantage and effect:

Because inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel all adopt the superimposed form of composite material, have given full play to the performance of different materials, have the external loads that other member of house applies and the ability of service load born; The steel wire net rack of sheet material and additional bar, prestressed reinforcement and two-sided compound concrete form good mechanics structure, has the good mechanical performance, when having equal supporting capacity, its wall plate member thickness has increased usage space much smaller than the body of wall of other materials and structural form; The deadweight of wallboard, floor, roof panel is much smaller than the respective members of existing other form of structure, the house deadweight of therefore building up is lighter than common brick-concrete composite buildings greatly, also be lighter than the house of the light wall structure of frame-generic and the house of reinforced concrete wall, thereby reduced cost of a building; During as combined wall board and roof panel, compound polystyrene foam plastics makes sheet material have good heat-insulating property in the middle of it, and energy-saving effect is obvious; When being used as floor, middle compound polystyrene foam plastics makes sheet material have good sound insulation property again, has improved the result of use in house.Wallboard, floor, roof panel are all taked the prefabricated production of batch production, realize standardization, seriation, industrialization, are made by factory, are transported to the construction that the job site lifted and finished connected node, build up the house of various uses; The connection of connected mode is reliable, power transmission effective, few, the easy construction of situ wet operation.

The technical program can be designed to dwelling house, office building, also can be designed to the house of various other purposes.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram in plank frame house;

Fig. 2 is that other of plank frame house plants schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is outer cross wall and outer vertical wall joint structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 4 is interior cross wall and outer vertical wall joint structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 5 is an interior wall intersection point place joint structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 6 is a floor place joint structure schematic diagram.

Among the figure: 1, prefabricated panel, 2, embedded iron parts, 3, panel edges gets rid of muscle, 4, prefabricated room panel, 5, prefabricated inner wall panel, 6, precast wall panel, 7, precast floor slab, 8, prefabricated balcony slab, 9, thermal insulation mortar, 10, the bight constructional column, 11, constructional column, 12, interface point constructional column, 13, plate end concrete.

The specific embodiment

In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, embodiment is described in further detail the content of the technical program.

Embodiment 1, technology for building house with slab-type structure comprise inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel; Inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel all are by the three dimensions steel wire net rack, and the centre is filled out with the flame-retardant polystyrene foamed plastics, the supporting member that forms behind the composite concrete of two sides, and they are with the prefabricated production of batch production; Prestressed concrete is adopted in floor, roof panel bottom, and its inside is added with some prestressed reinforcements; Prefabricated units lift and finish the construction of connected node at the construction field (site).Node is that prefabricated plate is connected into integral body, forms special-shaped structure and connects.The flame-retardant polystyrene foamed plastics also can adopt other heat insulating materials.

Embodiment 2, technology for building house with slab-type structure on 1 structured approach basis, are laid with vertical reinforcement in the wallboard concrete.

Embodiment 3, technology for building house with slab-type structure, on 1 structured approach basis, roofing adopts color steel sheet to add the composite board formation that heat insulating material is formed.To alleviate the weight of building.

Embodiment 4, technology for building house with slab-type structure, on 1 structured approach basis, roofing adopts the cast-in-place or prefabricated reinforced concrete roof panel of tradition and adds insulation layer and constitutes.

Embodiment 5, technology for building house with slab-type structure, on 1 structured approach basis, washroom, kitchen, staircase and other place adopt the reinforced concrete cast-in-situ flooring to constitute.Help to improve the globality of building and be convenient to be provided with the pipeline etc. of sanitaryware.

Embodiment 6, technology for building house with slab-type structure, on 1 structured approach basis, some positions of building are provided with reinforced concrete shear wall.Shear wall can prefabricated or cast in situs construction.Thereby improved the lateral resisting rigidity of building.

Embodiment 7, technology for building house with slab-type structure, on 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 structured approach bases, connected node adopts and connects sign indicating number or the connection of tenon tooth structure.

Embodiment 8, technology for building house with slab-type structure, on 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 structured approach bases, employing adds reinforced concrete structural column in the wallboard junction, adopts in floor, roof panel and wallboard junction to add reinforced concrete circle beam; Constructional column, collar tie beam cast in situs.

Embodiment 9, technology for building house with slab-type structure on 8 structured approach bases, are smeared insulation sand oar or subsides, extension light heat insulation material outside constructional column, the collar tie beam.Avoid forming cold bridge.

Building unit adopts the ZL96249318.X roof panel, ZL99205102.9 high-strength light insulation roof slab, the ZL99205103.7 Light weight sound-proofing floorslab, ZL00205194.X prestressed concrete filled board, the prefabricated sandwich type wall panel of ZL243879.8 light thermal-insulation, integrate load-bearing, insulation, sound insulation, the functional performance effect is good.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of technology for building house with slab-type structure, comprise inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel, it is characterized in that: inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel all are by the three dimensions steel wire net rack, the centre is filled out with the flame-retardant polystyrene foamed plastics, the supporting member that forms behind the composite concrete of two sides, they are with the prefabricated production of batch production; Prestressed concrete is adopted in floor, roof panel bottom, and its inside is added with some prestressed reinforcements; Node is that prefabricated plate is connected into integral body, forms special-shaped structure and connects, and is laid with vertical reinforcement in the wallboard concrete;
Prefabricated units are transported to the job site, lift and finish the construction of connected node;
Roofing adopts color steel sheet to add composite board that heat insulating material forms to constitute or adopt the cast-in-place or prefabricated reinforced concrete roof panel of tradition and add insulation layer and constitute;
Washroom, kitchen, staircase and other place adopt the reinforced concrete cast-in-situ flooring to constitute;
Some positions of building are provided with reinforced concrete shear wall.
2, technology for building house with slab-type structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the junction is adopted and is connected sign indicating number or the connection of tenon tooth structure.
3, technology for building house with slab-type structure according to claim 1 is characterized in that: adopt in the wallboard junction to add reinforced concrete structural column, adopt in floor, roof panel and wallboard junction to add reinforced concrete circle beam; Constructional column, collar tie beam cast in situs.
4, according to claim 1, one of 2 or 3 any described technology for building house with slab-type structure, it is characterized in that: thermal insulation mortar or subsides, extension light heat insulation material are smeared in constructional column, the collar tie beam outside.
CNB021040249A 2002-03-06 2002-03-06 Technology for building house with slab-type structure CN1147652C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB021040249A CN1147652C (en) 2002-03-06 2002-03-06 Technology for building house with slab-type structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB021040249A CN1147652C (en) 2002-03-06 2002-03-06 Technology for building house with slab-type structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1366116A CN1366116A (en) 2002-08-28
CN1147652C true CN1147652C (en) 2004-04-28

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1147652C (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1878917B (en) * 2004-11-25 2010-09-29 新日本制铁株式会社 Panel structure of steel house and method of panel construction

Families Citing this family (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1294331C (en) * 2003-12-05 2007-01-10 胡战波 In-site prestressed concrete sandwiched composite beamless floor structure system and construction method
DK176824B1 (en) * 2008-03-14 2009-11-02 Buildpod Internat Ltd Prefabricated, self-supporting building element
CN101967851A (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-02-09 董杨 Board-mixing structure assembly type house and building method thereof
CN103015565B (en) * 2012-09-09 2015-04-01 黑龙江宇辉新型建筑材料有限公司 Prefabricated and assembled type integrated reinforced concrete load bearing wall and building construction method
CN102926460A (en) * 2012-11-20 2013-02-13 殷正伟 Box-type apartment room, box-type combination room and building and assembling method of box-type apartment room and box-type combination room
CN104047381B (en) * 2014-07-04 2016-04-20 孟凡林 Assembled integral rare-reinforcement concrete shear wall structure
CN104179250B (en) * 2014-08-18 2017-01-11 陕西昊兴房屋工程有限公司 Light-board house system and construction method thereof
CN104727445B (en) * 2015-04-01 2017-07-14 长沙远大住宅工业安徽有限公司 Total-prefabricated construction prefabricated components bolt adds tenon riveting connecting method and structure
CN105401681B (en) * 2015-12-09 2017-11-24 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of quick-assembling pitched roof and its method of construction based on assembled composite wall structure system
CN105781010B (en) * 2016-04-28 2019-03-26 河北合创建筑节能科技有限责任公司 A kind of combined wall board and its cast in place and precast construction
CN105971120A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-09-28 徐林波 Plate type assembled building
CN108867850A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-23 华恒建设集团有限公司 A kind of prefabricated building and its construction method
CN108894339B (en) * 2018-07-23 2020-04-10 中铁时代建筑设计院有限公司 Clamping tenon type connecting device of modular unit intermediate column node

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1878917B (en) * 2004-11-25 2010-09-29 新日本制铁株式会社 Panel structure of steel house and method of panel construction

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Publication number Publication date
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