CN110439291A - A kind of assembled production and construction method suitable for low-rise building - Google Patents

A kind of assembled production and construction method suitable for low-rise building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110439291A
CN110439291A CN201910712686.XA CN201910712686A CN110439291A CN 110439291 A CN110439291 A CN 110439291A CN 201910712686 A CN201910712686 A CN 201910712686A CN 110439291 A CN110439291 A CN 110439291A
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Prior art keywords
wallboard
reserved
insulating layer
plate
stair
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CN201910712686.XA
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CN110439291B (en
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华三换
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华三换
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/612Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/32Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements
    • E04B5/36Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/288Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/44Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose
    • E04C2/52Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits
    • E04C2/521Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits serving for locating conduits; for ventilating, heating or cooling
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of assembled production and construction methods suitable for low-rise building, and steps are as follows: 1) first carrying out soil investigation, soil exploration, carry out layout design after the completion of prospecting;2) Foundation Fieldbus field is constructed: in conjunction with prefabricated panel and staircase component position, reserving the constructional column reinforcing bar of wallboard fixing piece and wallboard joint;3) wallboard, top plate and stair prefabrication;4) prefabricated wallboard, top plate, stair are transported to scene and is installed;5) after being completed, hydropower installation is carried out;6) after the completion of step 5), joint column, beam, top plate casting concrete is carried out, has poured and has vibrated, it is conserved after initial set, the application passes through soil investigation, soil exploration, design drawing, the components such as prefabricated panel, top plate and stair, on-site assembly carries out joint column, beam, top plate and pours, conserves after assembling, next layer of construction is carried out again, prefabricated components substantially reduce construction period in advance, improve construction efficiency, alleviate the labor intensity of staff.

Description

A kind of assembled production and construction method suitable for low-rise building
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of building construction, specifically a kind of assembled production and construction side suitable for low-rise building Method.
Background technique
Building is the general name of building and structures, is people to meet social life needs, utilizes grasped object Matter technological means, and the artificial environment created with certain scientific law and aesthetic principle.
Construction refers to the production activity of engineering construction implementation phase, is the building course of all kinds of buildings, can also be with It says it is various lines on design drawing, in specified place, becomes process in kind.It includes basic engineering construction, master Body structure construction, roof construction, decorative engineering construction etc..The place of construction operation is known as " construction site " or cries " construction site ", is also named building site.
Existing bottom construction is all to carry out instant operation in building site by staff, for example first carry out basis Then engineering construction is built a wall again, after waiting walls to stablize, then pour top plate, after waiting top plates secured, just can be carried out next layer of construction, this Sample long construction period, construction efficiency are low.
Summary of the invention
The embodiment of the present invention is designed to provide a kind of assembled production and construction method suitable for low-rise building, with solution The certainly above problem.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of assembled production and construction method suitable for low-rise building, steps are as follows:
1) soil investigation, soil exploration is first carried out, carries out layout design after the completion of prospecting;
2) Foundation Fieldbus field is constructed: in conjunction with prefabricated panel and staircase component position, reserving the structure of wallboard fixing piece and wallboard joint Make column reinforcing bar;
3) wallboard, top plate and stair prefabrication;
4) prefabricated wallboard, top plate, stair are transported to scene and is installed;
5) after being completed, hydropower installation is carried out;
6) after the completion of step 5), joint column, beam, top plate casting concrete is carried out, has poured and has vibrated, conserved after initial set.
In a kind of optinal plan: the wallboard in step 3) includes no insulating layer wallboard and has insulating layer wallboard.
In a kind of optinal plan: the method for prefabricating of the no insulating layer wallboard is as follows: adding among the wallboard more than four meters Constructional column connection designs wallboard thickness and anti-seismic construction reinforcing bar, the reserved anchoring key in no insulating layer wallboard bottom according to load-bearing requirements And anchor bar, the reserved connector in the intersection of no insulating layer wall panel ends and neighbouring wallboard are reserved in top, transverse edge is reserved Anchor bar.
In a kind of optinal plan: described to have insulating layer wallboard method for prefabricating as follows: to have the wall board structure of insulating layer wallboard To be successively arranged heat insulation protecting layer, insulating layer and structure sheaf by outside to inside, insulating layer includes styrofoam, extruded sheet, graphite One of styrofoam, polyurethane sheet or multiple combinations, structure sheaf are reinforced concrete structure, and the wallboard more than four meters is in structure Layer is intermediate plus constructional column connection is according to load-bearing requirements design wallboard thickness and anti-seismic construction reinforcing bar the bottom of insulating layer wallboard Reserved anchoring key, tip inside reserve the reserved link anchoring key in outside in anchor bar and transverse edge.
In a kind of optinal plan: top plate described in step 3) uses truss superimposed sheet precast floor slab, and prefabricated 1/3 highly, Cast in situs 2/3, truss top pour at the scene, hydroelectric line are mounted in in-situ layer.
In a kind of optinal plan: in prefabricated panel, top plate, heat insulation protecting layer is 15mm-50mm steel wire in step 3) Concrete;It is pre-buried to carry out hydroelectric line.
In a kind of optinal plan: the specific assembling steps of step 4) are as follows:
S1: wall installation, the wall installation include:
On the basis of wall install: step 2 is reserved with L-type fixing piece for connecting with wallboard on the basis of completing, be used to and wall Plate connection, prevents wallboard transverse shifting and plays antihunt action, and outside is reserved with solid for the connector with basis in wallboard Fixed embedded part, wallboard two sides of the bottom are respectively mounted sponge adhesive tape, and 200mm or so is reserved with grout hole on wallboard bottom, and wallboard is in place The gap filling between wallboard and basis is expired with grouting material afterwards;
The installation of L wall: for the L wallboard by there is insulating layer wallboard to constitute, step 2 is reserved in wallboard junction on the basis of completing There is constructional column reinforcing bar, before wallboard is in place, the binding of constructional column reinforcing bar is finished, the anchor that wallboard and constructional column intersection have wallboard reserved Gu reinforcing bar, constructional column outside has the insulating layer of insulating layer wallboard and heat insulation protecting layer to do template use, has at two pieces of wallboard joints pre- The connector stayed, connector outside is concordant with exterior wall, does not influence to fit up, and the connector reserved at two pieces of wallboard joints is reserved in wall In plate, by buckle or screw connection wallboard, internal corner part is also reserved with connector in two wallboard intersections in constructional column, even The spacing of fitting is not more than 500mm;
T-shaped wall body installation: the interior wall of the J-shaped wall is made of no insulating layer wallboard, exterior wall is by there is insulating layer wallboard to constitute, first Interior wall is installed, J-shaped wall intersection is cast-in-place constructional column, and interior wall is all anchored to anchor bar reserved on the wallboard of exterior wall In constructional column, the wallboard intersection of interior wall and exterior wall is connected firmly with connector;
Straight type wall installation more than four meters: having insulating layer wallboard and should all be added in centre without insulating layer wallboard more than four meters Constructional column, constructional column are cast in situs, and anchor bar is reserved in the wallboard intersection of constructional column and constructional column two sides, and two blocks of wallboards are each pre- It stays side concrete slab to replace template, anchoring piece is connected between concrete slab and wallboard, reserve concrete slab outside and wallboard Concordantly, convenient for finishing;
S2: floor plates installation: after wall is installed, start that floor is installed, floor and wall have reserved anchor bar, floor After plate has lifted, each edge pressure wall is not more than 50mm, and anchor bar length is greater than 100mm, wall anchor bar bent anchor to building In plate cast-in-place concrete;
S3: stair installation: stair are precast stair, reserve anchoring piece, the precast stair at floor on ground by drawing Beam, the beam upper reinforcement of stair anchoring surely is reserved on precast stair beam, and the stair anchor that back stairs upper end is completed in lifting anchors into It is secondary in stair stringer to pour;
S4: hydropower installation: being connected reserved wall pipeline with top plate gut line according to drawing, and floor plates gut line disperses cloth It sets, pipeline spacing is greater than 50mm, and caliber is less than or equal to the 1/4 of plate thickness.
In a kind of optinal plan: prefabricated panel, top plate and stair are reserved with lifting part in step 3).
Compared to the prior art, the embodiment of the present invention has the beneficial effect that:
The application is by soil investigation, soil exploration, and design drawing, then the components such as prefabricated panel, top plate and stair, then carry out scene again Assembling carries out joint column, beam, top plate and pours, conserve after initial set, then carries out next layer of construction after assembling, in advance prefabricated components Construction period is substantially reduced, construction efficiency is improved, and alleviates the labor intensity of staff.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram without insulating layer wallboard in first embodiment of the invention more than four meters.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram for having insulating layer wallboard in first embodiment of the invention more than four meters.
Fig. 3 be first embodiment of the invention on the basis of wall scheme of installation.
Fig. 4 is the scheme of installation of T-shaped wall body in first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the scheme of installation of L wall in first embodiment of the invention.
Appended drawing reference annotation: the basis 1-, 2- grout hole, 3- top plate, 4- connector, 5- insulating layer, 6- constructional column.
Specific embodiment
Following embodiment can be described in detail the present invention in conjunction with attached drawing, in attached drawing or explanation, similar or identical part Using identical label, and in practical applications, shape, thickness or the height of each component can be expanded or shunk.Institute of the present invention Each embodiment enumerated is only to illustrate the present invention, is not used to limit the scope of the present invention.It is made for the present invention any aobvious And modification easy to know or change are without departure from spirit and scope of the invention.
Embodiment 1
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of assembled production and construction method suitable for low-rise building, steps are as follows:
1) soil investigation, soil exploration is first carried out, carries out layout design after the completion of prospecting;
2) basic 1 site operation: in conjunction with prefabricated panel and staircase component position, the structure of wallboard fixing piece and wallboard joint is reserved Make 6 reinforcing bar of column;
3) wallboard, top plate 3 and stair prefabrication;
4) prefabricated wallboard, top plate 3, stair are transported to scene and is installed;
5) after being completed, hydropower installation is carried out;
6) after the completion of step 5), joint column, beam, 3 casting concrete of top plate is carried out, has poured and has vibrated, conserved after initial set.
Wherein, the wallboard in step 3) includes no insulating layer wallboard and has insulating layer wallboard.
The method for prefabricating of the no insulating layer wallboard is as follows: preferably wallboard weight is reduced using Hollow wall plate, more than four Among the wallboard of rice plus constructional column 6 connects, and designs wallboard thickness and anti-seismic construction reinforcing bar, no insulating layer wallboard according to load-bearing requirements Anchor bar is reserved at the reserved anchoring key in bottom and top, and connector is reserved in the intersection of no insulating layer wall panel ends and neighbouring wallboard 4, transverse edge reserves anchor bar.
It is described to have insulating layer wallboard method for prefabricating as follows: have insulating layer wallboard wall board structure be by outside to inside successively Equipped with heat insulation protecting layer, insulating layer 5 and structure sheaf, heat insulation protecting layer is 15mm-50mm steel-wire-net reinforced concrete;Insulating layer 5 includes One of styrofoam, extruded sheet, graphite polystyrene board, polyurethane sheet or multiple combinations, preferably styrofoam in the present embodiment, knot Structure layer is reinforced concrete structure, and the wallboard more than four meters is among structure sheaf plus constructional column 6 connects, and is designed according to load-bearing requirements Wallboard thickness and anti-seismic construction reinforcing bar have the reserved anchoring key in the bottom of insulating layer wallboard, tip inside to reserve anchor bar and cross The reserved link anchoring key in outside into edge.
Top plate 3 described in step 3) uses truss superimposed sheet precast floor slab, prefabricated 1/3 height, cast in situs 2/3, truss Top pours at the scene, and hydroelectric line is mounted in in-situ layer.
It is pre-buried that hydroelectric line is carried out in step 3) in prefabricated panel, top plate 3.
The specific assembling steps of step 4) are as follows:
S1: wall installation, the wall installation include:
Wall installation on basis 1: being reserved with L-type fixing piece for connecting with wallboard on the basis 1 that step 2 is completed, be used to Wallboard connection, prevents wallboard transverse shifting and plays antihunt action, and outside is reserved with for the connector with basis 1 in wallboard 4 fixed embedded parts, wallboard two sides of the bottom are respectively mounted sponge adhesive tape, and 200mm or so is reserved with grout hole 2, wallboard on wallboard bottom The gap filling between wallboard and basis 1 is expired with grouting material after in place;
The installation of L wall: the L wall is reserved in wallboard junction on the basis 1 that step 2 is completed by there is insulating layer wallboard to constitute There is 6 reinforcing bar of constructional column, before wallboard is in place, the binding of 6 reinforcing bar of constructional column is finished, and wallboard and 6 intersection of constructional column have wallboard reserved Anchor bar, there is the insulating layer 5 of insulating layer wallboard and heat insulation protecting layer to do template use, two pieces of wallboard joints on the outside of constructional column 6 There is reserved connector 4 at place, and 4 outside of connector is concordant with exterior wall, does not influence to fit up, the connector reserved at two pieces of wallboard joints 4 are reserved in wallboard, and by buckle or screw connection wallboard, internal corner part is also reserved in two wallboard intersections in constructional column 6 There is connector 4, the spacing of connector 4 is not more than 500mm;
T-shaped wall body installation: the interior wall of the J-shaped wall is made of no insulating layer wallboard, exterior wall is by there is insulating layer wallboard to constitute, first Interior wall is installed, J-shaped wall intersection is cast-in-place constructional column 6, and interior wall is all anchored to anchor bar reserved on the wallboard of exterior wall In constructional column 6, the wallboard intersection connector 4 of interior wall and exterior wall is connected firmly;
Straight type wall installation more than four meters: having insulating layer wallboard and should all be added in centre without insulating layer wallboard more than four meters Constructional column 6, constructional column 6 are cast in situs, and the wallboard of 6 two sides of constructional column 6 and constructional column intersects reserved anchor bar, two blocks of wallboards Each reserved side concrete slab replace template, anchoring piece is connected between concrete slab and wallboard, reserve concrete slab on the outside of and Wallboard is concordant, convenient for finishing;
S2: floor plates installation: after wall is installed, start that floor is installed, floor and wall have reserved anchor bar, floor After plate has lifted, each edge pressure wall is not more than 50mm, and anchor bar length is greater than 100mm, wall anchor bar bent anchor to building In plate cast-in-place concrete;
S3: stair installation: stair are precast stair, reserve anchoring piece, the precast stair at floor on ground by drawing Beam, the beam upper reinforcement of stair anchoring surely is reserved on precast stair beam, and the stair anchor that back stairs upper end is completed in lifting anchors into It is secondary in stair stringer to pour;
S4: hydropower installation: being connected reserved wall pipeline with 3 gut line of top plate according to drawing, and floor plates gut line disperses cloth It sets, pipeline spacing is greater than 50mm, avoids three root canal lines from intersecting on one point, and caliber is less than or equal to the 1/4 of plate thickness.
Lifting part is reserved on all prefabricated components in step 3).
Embodiment 2
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of assembled production and construction method suitable for low-rise building, steps are as follows:
1) soil investigation, soil exploration is first carried out, carries out layout design after the completion of prospecting;
2) basic 1 site operation: in conjunction with prefabricated panel and staircase component position, the structure of wallboard fixing piece and wallboard joint is reserved Make 6 reinforcing bar of column;
3) wallboard, top plate 3 and stair prefabrication;
4) prefabricated wallboard, top plate 3, stair are transported to scene and is installed;
5) after being completed, hydropower installation is carried out;
6) after the completion of step 5), joint column, beam, 3 casting concrete of top plate is carried out, has poured and has vibrated, conserved after initial set.
Wherein, the wallboard in step 3) includes no insulating layer wallboard and has insulating layer wallboard.
The method for prefabricating of the no insulating layer wallboard is as follows: among wallboard more than four meters plus constructional column 6 connects, according to holding It is important to ask design wallboard thickness and anti-seismic construction reinforcing bar, the reserved anchoring steel of the reserved anchoring key in no insulating layer wallboard bottom and top Connector 4 is reserved in the intersection of muscle, no insulating layer wall panel ends and neighbouring wallboard, and transverse edge reserves anchor bar.
It is described to have insulating layer wallboard method for prefabricating as follows: have insulating layer wallboard wall board structure be by outside to inside successively Equipped with heat insulation protecting layer, insulating layer 5 and structure sheaf, heat insulation protecting layer is 15mm-50mm steel-wire-net reinforced concrete;Insulating layer 5 includes One of styrofoam, extruded sheet, graphite polystyrene board, polyurethane sheet or multiple combinations, preferably polyurethane sheet in the present embodiment, Structure sheaf is reinforced concrete structure, and the wallboard more than four meters is among structure sheaf plus constructional column 6 connects, and is set according to load-bearing requirements Count wallboard thickness and anti-seismic construction reinforcing bar, have the reserved anchoring key in the bottom of insulating layer wallboard, tip inside reserve anchor bar and The reserved link anchoring key in outside in transverse edge.
Top plate 3 described in step 3) uses truss superimposed sheet precast floor slab, prefabricated 1/3 height, cast in situs 2/3, truss Top pours at the scene, and hydroelectric line is mounted in in-situ layer.
It is pre-buried that hydroelectric line is carried out in step 3) in prefabricated panel, top plate 3.
The specific assembling steps of step 4) are as follows:
S1: wall installation, the wall installation include:
Wall installation on basis 1: being reserved with L-type fixing piece for connecting with wallboard on the basis 1 that step 2 is completed, be used to Wallboard connection, prevents wallboard transverse shifting and plays antihunt action, and outside is reserved with for the connector with basis 1 in wallboard 4 fixed embedded parts, wallboard two sides of the bottom are respectively mounted sponge adhesive tape, and 200mm or so is reserved with grout hole 2, wallboard on wallboard bottom The gap filling between wallboard and basis 1 is expired with grouting material after in place;
The installation of L wall: the L wall is reserved in wallboard junction on the basis 1 that step 2 is completed by there is insulating layer wallboard to constitute There is 6 reinforcing bar of constructional column, before wallboard is in place, the binding of 6 reinforcing bar of constructional column is finished, and wallboard and 6 intersection of constructional column have wallboard reserved Anchor bar, there is the insulating layer 5 of insulating layer wallboard and heat insulation protecting layer to do template use, two pieces of wallboard joints on the outside of constructional column 6 There is reserved connector 4 at place, and 4 outside of connector is concordant with exterior wall, does not influence to fit up, the connector reserved at two pieces of wallboard joints 4 are reserved in wallboard, and by buckle or screw connection wallboard, internal corner part is also reserved in two wallboard intersections in constructional column 6 There is connector 4, the spacing of connector 4 is not more than 500mm;
T-shaped wall body installation: the interior wall of the J-shaped wall is made of no insulating layer wallboard, exterior wall is by there is insulating layer wallboard to constitute, first Interior wall is installed, J-shaped wall intersection is cast-in-place constructional column 6, and interior wall is all anchored to anchor bar reserved on the wallboard of exterior wall In constructional column 6, the wallboard intersection connector 4 of interior wall and exterior wall is connected firmly;
S2: floor plates installation: after wall is installed, start that floor is installed, floor and wall have reserved anchor bar, floor After plate has lifted, each edge pressure wall is not more than 50mm, and anchor bar length is greater than 100mm, wall anchor bar bent anchor to building In plate cast-in-place concrete;
S3: stair installation: stair are precast stair, reserve anchoring piece, the precast stair at floor on ground by drawing Beam, the beam upper reinforcement of stair anchoring surely is reserved on precast stair beam, and the stair anchor that back stairs upper end is completed in lifting anchors into It is secondary in stair stringer to pour;
S4: hydropower installation: being connected reserved wall pipeline with 3 gut line of top plate according to drawing, and floor plates gut line disperses cloth It sets, pipeline spacing is greater than 50mm, avoids three root canal lines from intersecting on one point, and caliber is less than or equal to the 1/4 of plate thickness.
Lifting part is reserved on all prefabricated components in step 3).
Embodiment 3
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of assembled production and construction method suitable for low-rise building, steps are as follows:
1) soil investigation, soil exploration is first carried out, carries out layout design after the completion of prospecting;
2) basic 1 site operation: in conjunction with prefabricated panel and staircase component position, the structure of wallboard fixing piece and wallboard joint is reserved Make 6 reinforcing bar of column;
3) wallboard, top plate 3 and stair prefabrication;
4) prefabricated wallboard, top plate 3, stair are transported to scene and is installed;
5) after being completed, hydropower installation is carried out;
6) after the completion of step 5), joint column, beam, 3 casting concrete of top plate is carried out, has poured and has vibrated, conserved after initial set.
Wherein, the wallboard in step 3) includes no insulating layer wallboard and has insulating layer wallboard.
The method for prefabricating of the no insulating layer wallboard is as follows: preferably wallboard weight is reduced using Hollow wall plate, more than four Among the wallboard of rice plus constructional column 6 connects, and designs wallboard thickness and anti-seismic construction reinforcing bar, no insulating layer wallboard according to load-bearing requirements Anchor bar is reserved at the reserved anchoring key in bottom and top, and connector is reserved in the intersection of no insulating layer wall panel ends and neighbouring wallboard 4, transverse edge reserves anchor bar.
It is described to have insulating layer wallboard method for prefabricating as follows: have insulating layer wallboard wall board structure be by outside to inside successively Equipped with heat insulation protecting layer, insulating layer 5 and structure sheaf, heat insulation protecting layer is 15mm-50mm steel-wire-net reinforced concrete;Insulating layer 5 is by gathering Benzene plate, extruded sheet, graphite polystyrene board, polyurethane sheet etc. are constituted than combination, and structure sheaf is reinforced concrete structure, more than four meters Wallboard is among structure sheaf plus constructional column 6 connects, and designs wallboard thickness and anti-seismic construction reinforcing bar according to load-bearing requirements, there is insulating layer The reserved anchoring key in the bottom of wallboard, tip inside reserve the reserved link anchoring key in outside in anchor bar and transverse edge.
Top plate 3 described in step 3) uses truss superimposed sheet precast floor slab, prefabricated 1/3 height, cast in situs 2/3, truss Top pours at the scene, and hydroelectric line is mounted in in-situ layer.
The specific assembling steps of step 4) are as follows:
S1: wall installation, the wall installation include:
Wall installation on basis 1: being reserved with L-type fixing piece for connecting with wallboard on the basis 1 that step 2 is completed, be used to Wallboard connection, prevents wallboard transverse shifting and plays antihunt action, and outside is reserved with for the connector with basis 1 in wallboard 4 fixed embedded parts, wallboard two sides of the bottom are respectively mounted sponge adhesive tape, and 200mm or so is reserved with grout hole 2, wallboard on wallboard bottom The gap filling between wallboard and basis 1 is expired with grouting material after in place;
The installation of L wall: the L wall is reserved in wallboard junction on the basis 1 that step 2 is completed by there is insulating layer wallboard to constitute There is 6 reinforcing bar of constructional column, before wallboard is in place, the binding of 6 reinforcing bar of constructional column is finished, and wallboard and 6 intersection of constructional column have wallboard reserved Anchor bar, there is the insulating layer 5 of insulating layer wallboard and heat insulation protecting layer to do template use, two pieces of wallboard joints on the outside of constructional column 6 There is reserved connector 4 at place, and 4 outside of connector is concordant with exterior wall, does not influence to fit up, the connector reserved at two pieces of wallboard joints 4 are reserved in wallboard, and by buckle or screw connection wallboard, internal corner part is also reserved in two wallboard intersections in constructional column 6 There is connector 4, the spacing of connector 4 is not more than 500mm;
T-shaped wall body installation: the interior wall of the J-shaped wall is made of no insulating layer wallboard, exterior wall is by there is insulating layer wallboard to constitute, first Interior wall is installed, J-shaped wall intersection is cast-in-place constructional column 6, and interior wall is all anchored to anchor bar reserved on the wallboard of exterior wall In constructional column 6, the wallboard intersection connector 4 of interior wall and exterior wall is connected firmly;
Straight type wall installation more than four meters: having insulating layer wallboard and should all be added in centre without insulating layer wallboard more than four meters Constructional column 6, constructional column 6 are cast in situs, and the wallboard of 6 two sides of constructional column 6 and constructional column intersects reserved anchor bar, two blocks of wallboards Each reserved side concrete slab replace template, anchoring piece is connected between concrete slab and wallboard, reserve concrete slab on the outside of and Wallboard is concordant, convenient for finishing;
S2: floor plates installation: after wall is installed, start that floor is installed, floor and wall have reserved anchor bar, floor After plate has lifted, each edge pressure wall is not more than 50mm, and anchor bar length is greater than 100mm, wall anchor bar bent anchor to building In plate cast-in-place concrete;
S3: stair installation: stair are precast stair, reserve anchoring piece, the precast stair at floor on ground by drawing Beam, the beam upper reinforcement of stair anchoring surely is reserved on precast stair beam, and the stair anchor that back stairs upper end is completed in lifting anchors into It is secondary in stair stringer to pour;
Lifting part is reserved on all prefabricated components in step 3).
The application is by soil investigation, soil exploration, and design drawing, then the components such as prefabricated panel, top plate 3 and stair, then carry out again On-site assembly carries out joint column, beam, top plate 3 and pours, conserve after initial set, then carries out next layer of construction after assembling, prefabricated in advance Component substantially reduces construction period, improves construction efficiency, and alleviates the labor intensity of staff.
The above, the only specific embodiment of the disclosure, but the protection scope of the disclosure is not limited thereto, it is any Those familiar with the art can easily think of the change or the replacement in the technical scope that the disclosure discloses, and should all contain It covers within the protection scope of the disclosure.Therefore, the protection scope of the disclosure should be subject to the protection scope in claims.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of assembled production and construction method suitable for low-rise building, which is characterized in that steps are as follows:
Soil investigation, soil exploration is first carried out, carries out layout design after the completion of prospecting;
Basic (1) site operation: in conjunction with prefabricated panel and staircase component position, the structure of wallboard fixing piece and wallboard joint is reserved Make column (6) reinforcing bar;
Wallboard, top plate (3) and stair prefabrication;
Prefabricated wallboard, top plate (3), stair are transported to scene and installed;
After being completed, hydropower installation is carried out;
After the completion of step 5), joint column, beam, top plate (3) casting concrete are carried out, has poured and has vibrated, is conserved after initial set.
2. the assembled production and construction method according to claim 1 suitable for low-rise building, which is characterized in that step 3) In wallboard include no insulating layer wallboard and having insulating layer wallboard.
3. the assembled production and construction method according to claim 1 suitable for low-rise building, which is characterized in that the nothing The method for prefabricating of insulating layer wallboard is as follows: among the wallboard more than four meters plus constructional column (6) connect, and design wall according to load-bearing requirements Plate thickness and anti-seismic construction reinforcing bar, the reserved anchor bar of the reserved anchoring key in no insulating layer wallboard bottom and top, no insulating layer wall Connector (4) are reserved in plate end and the intersection of neighbouring wallboard, and transverse edge reserves anchor bar.
4. the assembled production and construction method according to claim 3 suitable for low-rise building, which is characterized in that described to have Insulating layer wallboard method for prefabricating is as follows: the wall board structure for having insulating layer wallboard is to be successively arranged heat insulation protecting to inside by outside Layer, insulating layer (5) and structure sheaf, heat insulation protecting layer are 15mm-50mm steel-wire-net reinforced concrete;Insulating layer (5) includes styrofoam, squeezes One of mould plate, graphite polystyrene board, polyurethane sheet or multiple combinations, structure sheaf are reinforced concrete structure, are wanted according to load-bearing Design wallboard thickness and anti-seismic construction reinforcing bar are asked, there is the reserved anchoring key in the bottom of insulating layer wallboard, the reserved anchoring steel of tip inside The reserved link anchoring key in outside in muscle and transverse edge.
5. the assembled production and construction method according to claim 1 suitable for low-rise building, which is characterized in that step 3) Described in top plate (3) use truss superimposed sheet precast floor slab, it is prefabricated 1/3 height, cast in situs 2/3, truss top is poured at the scene It builds, hydroelectric line is mounted in in-situ layer.
6. the assembled production and construction method according to claim 1 suitable for low-rise building, which is characterized in that step 3) In it is pre-buried in prefabricated panel, top plate (3) Shi Jinhang hydroelectric line.
7. the assembled production and construction method according to claim 4 suitable for low-rise building, which is characterized in that step 4) Specific assembling steps it is as follows:
S1: wall installation, the wall installation include:
Wall installation on basic (1): step 2 is reserved with the L-type fixing piece for connecting with wallboard, wallboard on the basis of completing Interior outside is reserved with the embedded part fixed for the connector (4) with basic (1), and wallboard two sides of the bottom are respectively mounted sponge adhesive tape, 200mm or so is reserved with grout hole (2) on wallboard bottom, and the gap between wallboard and basis is filled out with grouting material after wallboard is in place It is full of;
The installation of L wall: for the L wallboard by there is insulating layer wallboard to constitute, step 2 is reserved in wallboard junction on the basis of completing There is constructional column (6) reinforcing bar, before wallboard is in place, the binding of constructional column (6) reinforcing bar is finished, and there are wall in wallboard and constructional column (6) intersection Plate reserved anchor bar has on the outside of constructional column (6) insulating layer (6) of insulating layer wallboard and heat insulation protecting layer to do template use, and two Have at block wallboard joints reserved connector (4), concordant with exterior wall on the outside of connector (4), the company reserved at two pieces of wallboard joints Fitting (4) is reserved in wallboard, and by buckle or screw connection wallboard, internal corner part is in two wallboard intersections in constructional column 6 Also it is reserved with connector (4), the spacing of connector (4) is not more than 500mm;
T-shaped wall body installation: the interior wall of the J-shaped wall is made of no insulating layer wallboard, exterior wall is by there is insulating layer wallboard to constitute, first Interior wall is installed, J-shaped wall intersection is cast-in-place constructional column (6), and interior wall is all anchored with anchor bar reserved on the wallboard of exterior wall In to constructional column (6), the wallboard intersection of interior wall and exterior wall is connected firmly with connector (4);
Straight type wall installation more than four meters: having insulating layer wallboard and should all be added in centre without insulating layer wallboard more than four meters Constructional column (6), constructional column (6) are cast in situs, and anchor bar is reserved in the wallboard intersection of constructional column (6) and constructional column (6) two sides, Each reserved side concrete slab of two blocks of wallboards replaces template, and anchoring piece is connected between concrete slab and wallboard, reserves concrete It is concordant with wallboard on the outside of plate;
S2: floor plates installation: after wall is installed, start that floor is installed, floor and wall have reserved anchor bar, floor After plate has lifted, each edge pressure wall is not more than 50mm, and anchor bar length is greater than 100mm, wall anchor bar bent anchor to building In plate cast-in-place concrete;
S3: stair installation: stair are precast stair, reserve anchoring piece, the precast stair at floor on ground by drawing Beam, the beam upper reinforcement of stair anchoring surely is reserved on precast stair beam, and the stair anchor that back stairs upper end is completed in lifting anchors into It is secondary in stair stringer to pour;
S4: hydropower installation: being connected reserved wall pipeline with top plate (3) gut line according to drawing, the dispersion of floor plates gut line Arrangement, pipeline spacing is greater than 50mm, and caliber is less than or equal to the 1/4 of plate thickness.
8. -7 any assembled production and construction method suitable for low-rise building according to claim 1, which is characterized in that Prefabricated panel, top plate (3) and stair are reserved with lifting part in step 3).
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111424981A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-07-17 广州市水电设备安装有限公司 Pre-embedding laying method for wires of fabricated building
CN112031273A (en) * 2020-09-07 2020-12-04 华创建筑设计有限公司 Fabricated building constructional column and construction method thereof

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DE10307828A1 (en) * 2003-02-24 2004-09-02 Undrau-Anstalt Wall panel prefabricated element as well as system and method for producing the same
JP2010285744A (en) * 2009-06-09 2010-12-24 Taniguchi:Kk Narrow site building method
CN102235093A (en) * 2010-04-22 2011-11-09 上海市第七建筑有限公司 Construction method for cast-in-situ connecting joint of prefabricated member
CN103343572A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-09 四川大学 Novel prefabricated composite wallboard anti-seismic energy-saving rural residence structural system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10307828A1 (en) * 2003-02-24 2004-09-02 Undrau-Anstalt Wall panel prefabricated element as well as system and method for producing the same
JP2010285744A (en) * 2009-06-09 2010-12-24 Taniguchi:Kk Narrow site building method
CN102235093A (en) * 2010-04-22 2011-11-09 上海市第七建筑有限公司 Construction method for cast-in-situ connecting joint of prefabricated member
CN103343572A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-09 四川大学 Novel prefabricated composite wallboard anti-seismic energy-saving rural residence structural system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111424981A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-07-17 广州市水电设备安装有限公司 Pre-embedding laying method for wires of fabricated building
CN112031273A (en) * 2020-09-07 2020-12-04 华创建筑设计有限公司 Fabricated building constructional column and construction method thereof

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