CN101538911A - A construction system for improvement on buildings - Google Patents

A construction system for improvement on buildings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101538911A
CN101538911A CNA2009101271866A CN200910127186A CN101538911A CN 101538911 A CN101538911 A CN 101538911A CN A2009101271866 A CNA2009101271866 A CN A2009101271866A CN 200910127186 A CN200910127186 A CN 200910127186A CN 101538911 A CN101538911 A CN 101538911A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
panel
building
syndeton
wall
truss
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Pending
Application number
CNA2009101271866A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
弗朗西斯科·薇拉·冈萨雷斯
费尔南多·马丁内斯·伊林沃思
安东尼奥·费罗·莫兰
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Harley Resources Inc
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Harley Resources Inc
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Publication of CN101538911A publication Critical patent/CN101538911A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • E04B1/1903Connecting nodes specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/58Connections for building structures in general of bar-shaped building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/64Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor for making damp-proof; Protection against corrosion
    • E04B1/642Protecting metallic construction elements against corrosion
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • E04B1/80Heat insulating elements slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/82Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to sound only
    • E04B1/84Sound-absorbing elements
    • E04B1/86Sound-absorbing elements slab-shaped

Abstract

The present invention relates to design, development and implement of a construction system, wherein the construction system utilizes a connection structure panel to form walls, floors, stairs and other smaller units in buildings, characterized in that the panel is formed by frames restricted by peripheral girders, wherein, each girder is composed by a metallic structure; the metallic structure is based on two parallel bars; the parallel bars are bind to the undulated sawtooth shape lever tangentially through corresponding peak point and valley point; a plurality of erect girders are distributed in a preset equal distance or a non-equidistant distance, and are used as structure elements; also a plurality of horizontal and/or oblique horizontal bars are fastened on front and back side, and are distributed in a preset equal distance or a non-equidistant distance, and are used as reinforcing elements to reinforce the panel, and the component delimits a hollow three-dimensional box body; a compact metal structure is combined onto front and back side, and as taken as device to support mortar, wherein the mortar is applied to front and back side as a cover to form walls.

Description

The improved structural system that is used for building
Technical field
The present invention relates to builing industry, relate to the structural member in the prefabricated structural system that is used in building particularly; More particularly, the present invention relates to a kind of like this design, exploitation and enforcement of building system, this building system has utilized the syndeton panel to form wall, the stair in the building and other are than junior unit.
Background technology
The conventional construction method of using at present is always based on the use of the lightweight concrete building block of the brick of dissimilar, shape and size or different-thickness and size.
This building method has a lot of defectives, comprising:
Even when building block and brick piling are heaped, neither be easy to but handle these building blocks and brick in the building site.Often them are handled in the artificially possibly, and other the time, when condition needs, utilize special-purpose machinery to finish described purpose, this needs too much labour to be used for the processing of building block and brick, has increased cost thus.
Building block and brick are frangible building units, so their stacking produces very big waste.No matter wall is to be formed by mortar or compo, and the process that is used to build wall all is very slowly, this be because must wait for several days afterwards could be on the wall of having built task again.
For pipe laying system, power system, heating system, telephone system and health department, need on wall, punch traditionally, this can make wall become not firm and produce a lot of rubbles, also must hide these holes, this process is slow and make the outward appearance of building up wall have dehiscence furrow or crack.
Keep visible those except we wish brick or concrete block, the FINAL APPEARANCE of the wall of brick or concrete block is not a FINAL APPEARANCE of building up wall, this means to be necessary to utilize compo that wall is hidden or to utilize mortar to dispose.
Brick and concrete block itself are the lightweight unit, but its initial weight of the weight ratio of the wall of building up is heavy doubly a lot.Therefore, when the weight of computation structure, this point must be taken into account.
In conventional construction, as load bearing wall, they are divider wall normally for concrete block and brick, therefore is necessary to build the level and the vertical structure of support of buildings.
When design was used as load bearing wall, clay or concrete column need have reinforcing bar.
High and the supply worsening shortages of labor cost.
The traditional architecture method can't satisfy the high request for house.
Severe weather conditions has limited the time limit that legacy system can be used in building.
The present invention is solving all these defectives, shortcoming and the problem that tradition or routine building system cause in design, and in functional, economy and more provide very big advantage aspect the small-scale structure and higher operability is provided, for the bigger resistance of unequally loaded, longer durability, better outward appearance or the like.
Summary of the invention
Main purpose of the present invention is, be provided for the syndeton panel of building, described syndeton panel is self-supporting and the prefabricated wall with construction of buildings, floor, stair etc., these syndeton panels can be coated with compo and utilize vertically and level " shear key (shear key) is connected to each other, and these syndeton panels integrally constitute the braced structures of building.
Another object of the present invention is, be provided for the syndeton panel of building, further, described syndeton panel makes described structure separate and logically separate according to its function and building, to help joint and installation and the finishing between the unit.
Another object of the present invention is, the described syndeton panel that is used for building is provided, further, described syndeton panel tolerate in essence when the shaping building walls owing to vertically or lateral load act on active force on the plane of syndeton panel; When described syndeton panel is used as flaggy (slab), it tolerates normal force on its plane as the rigid wall of opposing lateral load, and described normal force is to act on this plane owing to the vertical load on the plane that acts on the syndeton panel and active force.
Another object of the present invention is, the described syndeton panel that is used for building is provided, because little idle space that exist, that cause social concerns (clearing) in the building, make this syndeton panel can also tolerate vertical load, and owing to the wall density along both direction makes this syndeton panel can support lateral load.
Another object of the present invention is, the described syndeton panel that is used for building is provided, further, the easily processing of described syndeton panel, lightweight and need not any specially treated, this syndeton panel needs manpower seldom aspect transportation and installation simultaneously.
Another object of the present invention is, the described syndeton panel that is used for building is provided, and further, described syndeton panel makes it possible to build quickly and accurately wall and floor.
A further object of the present invention is, the described syndeton panel that is used for building is provided, in case be mounted, described syndeton panel can also make the installation of carrying out electric power, pipeline, phone, heating and health department under the situation in the hole that need not to get any kind, owing to be constructed to element of construction, thereby can not produce fragment and can not make that the wall of building is not firm.
Another purpose of the present invention is, the described syndeton panel that is used for building is provided, and further, described syndeton panel makes it possible to build house partition walls, draft chamber's liner plate, house partition wall and stair; Non-bearing front enclosure wall and stairway step; And inner carrying front wall and floor.
Another purpose of the present invention is, the described syndeton panel that is used for building is provided, further, wherein, more light than the wall of brick that is piled up by simple drying or concrete block construction by the wall that described syndeton panel is built, this has brought significant saving in the high constructure structure.
By the non-limitative drawings that only is used for the example purpose of studying following explanation and following explanation, other purposes of the present invention and advantage will become obviously.
Concise and to the point description of the present invention
Usually, the syndeton panel that is used for building is made up of the framework that limits by peripheral truss, wherein, each truss constitutes by metal construction, this metal construction is based on parallel bar, and described parallel bar tangentially is incorporated into this wavy serrated rod at the corresponding peak dot and the place, valley point of wavy serrated rod; So a plurality of vertical truss that forms with preset distance equidistantly or equidistantly do not distribute and as element of construction, and a plurality of levels and/or oblique transverse bar are anchored on the front and back, and equidistantly or be not equally spaced and as strengthening the unit with preset distance, so that panel is stronger, this assembly defines the three-dimensional box body of hollow; Externally on the front and back, be combined with the metal frame made by the die-cut and plating of extending or electroless coating cold-rolled steel sheet with as the bracing or strutting arrangement that is used for mortar, this mortar is applied on the front and back as overburden with the formation wall.
By utilizing automatic process in the workshop, to carry out all seams that spot welding realizes selected these metals.
According to its structure function, the bar of panel can have transformable diameter; And according to the designed use of each unit, that is, it is used as wall, face of building, stair, load bearing wall, still is the floor, and the interval of unit can change in the scope of 200mm at 50mm.
Metal frame is made by plating or electroless coating cold-rolled steel sheet die-cut and extension, that thickness is 0.3m/m, 0.4m/m, 0.5m/m, ribs in the middle of this metal frame can comprise; This metal frame can be adjusted to width and have variable-length according to the structural panel height with 600mm.Described metal framework comprises the coating of corrosion-resistant material.
If the purpose of metal frame only is that then structural panel preferably utilizes the metal frame of 0.3m/m thickness as the support for coated compo.This metal frame can have the panel (according to the panel of being paid close attention to) that invests its upper surface, and this prevents that air chamber is filled with the finishing mortar and prevents to produce the heat bridge of not expecting.In a kind of form, described metal framework is cut into the width that has 560mm for each face of 600mm construction module, and described metal frame is soldered to inner surface.
Under the recessed situation of the recessed and window wall of door wall, the edge of panel also comprises the metal frame of the form of being fixed, to be contained in this zone the mortar as coating, so that form the surface that holds window frame and door frame.
Similarly, according to the wall of being paid close attention to, if desired, then according to the thickness of chamber and the isolated type of expectation (heat insulation or sound insulation and heat insulation), interval between load-bearing front, courtyard and staircase and inner room are filled barrier material, formaldehyde foam, hard polyurethane foam or the glass fiber of any kind, and wherein these barrier materials can be applicable to different thickness and density all the time.
According to the needs of construction work and according to the purposes and the purpose (it is to be used for wall, face of building, stair, load bearing wall or floor) of each panel, panel can be manufactured a lot of different sizes.
No matter vertical panel is used for external wall or interior walls or is used for partition between the room, and it always vertically is installed on the framework of strip foundation, in case vertical panel is aimed at, just the described end of stretching out by the vertical bar of truss is fixed on the framework.
In the shaping of wall, can produce the panel that covers the whole surface of wall, perhaps can form several panels, so that it is attached or utilize shear key and attached panel is finished this surface via the thick plating line of 0.8m/m by connecting, this shear key comprises the U-shaped part of curved circle, this part is around the vertical bar of adjacent parallel that is hooked in adjacent panels on the front or the back side, and its end is in the bent around (the vertical bar of the adjacent parallel of described correspondence belongs to identical truss but is positioned on the opposite face) of the vertical bar of adjacent parallel of correspondence, form the wall of being paid close attention to thus, and then the structural iron of displacement structure shear key.
In case fastening good floor and formed wall then is provided with go back to the mounting portion original appearance and is placed on wall inside, the cutting metal framework is to insert pipeline and fixing () mechanism.During the assembling panel or at the scene of installation panel, can utilize some plane devices (plane means) to be attached to the pipeline of systems such as electricity, water (hydraulic), health, phone in the panel and fix.
In case finished the placement of mounting portion, then according to the function in building, carried out, utilize compo (being used for the interval between structural wall, courtyard and the staircase in external front face and inner front) or plaster mortar (be used for non-structure is cut off, liner plate) to come two faces of covered structure unit.
According to waiting the required size of finishing the work, can form the panel of being paid close attention to according to the interior building standard by the module of 60cm * h (highly) * t (thickness).
Carry out standardized basis as the building unit that is used for the housing project at society interest point place, the modular system that is used for structural panel is to make the basic condition of manufactureization.
Panel structure makes the size of all building units, material and mounting portion coordinate mutually, this is relevant with basic calling module (basic call module) and simplified skilled worker's work as much as possible, produce thus the general more economy and building operation will be quicker, more easily finish.
The size of structural panel is enough big so that can form the correlation that is fit between unit module sizes and stage die block space.
Similarly, enough little so that its multiple of the size of structural panel is corresponding to all sizes that must give different units in the industrial scale, and constitutes the suitable growth from a module size to next module size, thereby change can be remained on minimum.
Panel also can be used in the shaping floor.
The precast construction that is formed by structural panel is the thick building unit that is configured with structural iron, its have sufficient rigidity so that its be used to transport and its for self-supporting to be used for assembled on site, it can and constitute the cement wall at building site contained structure mortar, the vertical load of its opposing building and the horizontal load of seismic events.
At the scene, panel by contrast to " shear key " connect and to constitute wall, these shear keies also constitute vertical hardening agent.
The floor that the wall of being constructed is connected to grade beam and utilizes identical systems to form.
The panel that is used for the structure of house, office, school, hospital etc. make they external parameter and inner parameter in have and repair respectively and prepare described panel so that the feature of its contained structure mortar, the physical dimension of described panel has two key dimensions, and a key dimension is the height of floor from rail top (comprising that the wall that be used for door and window relevant with it is recessed) that gets according to engineering; Another key dimension is the thickness according to the corresponding construction design construction.
This system provides prefabricated again for all panels that are used for all outer walls and interior walls, floor, stair or the like, and mainly (wherein in the situation of face of building, people wish that a wall is recessed to give special importance with the design recessed grade of window wall in order to be used for) under, can change.
So the structure that forms has been guaranteed continuity and has been resisted action of gravity and earthquake as black box.
These performances based on the opposing geological process of the structure of panel are in the elastic range, thereby are out of shape little.
In building, structural panel described herein system is suitable for the three dimensional arrangement of module faceplate, because the little gap in the building at society interest point place, these module faceplates are resisted vertical load effectively, and because wall makes these module faceplates effectively support lateral load along the density of both direction.
The wall that utilizes brick that wall Billy that structural panel builds piles up with simple drying or concrete block to build is in light weight a lot.Build and utilize the heavy 100kg/m of one square metre wall of compo finishing by structural panel 2(drying is piled up).And 1m 2The heavy 160kg/m of the hollow brick double bulkhead that piles up of drying 2
Structural panel described here can have various uses, such as:
A) be used to construct load bearing wall; Be used to support wall, that is, load bearing wall, according to corresponding design, primary structure is with respect to all the other structures of non-structural wall and carry out slight deformation.
According to the design of engineering, its standard size is 500m/m * variable height, and its thickness is variable, utilizes shear key to connect them.
For example, for the house of one deck, the wide panel of each 600mm constitutes the vertical cement unit of 600mm * 240mm.In case be capped, it is made of two transverse truss, and these truss are made with round bar and circle brace (function of implementation framework).
At attached between the walls, shear key can be formed on each side of the wide module of 600mm, brace alternately stretches out from the edge truss of 80mm.Utilize the wide plating line of 0.8mm that the ring along continuous straight runs of these bars is lain in adjacent panels, between module, reserve the interval of 100mm.
These load bearing walls must be anchored in the wall base and they are bolted on the ground by this way, this mode makes it possible to form can resist via what the upper strata laminate passed to compressive load on it fastens knot (knot).For this reason, every 600mm (wherein being formed with opposing supports), two horizontal round steel bars that constitute truss extend between the 15cm to 30cm and its end with bending to form anchoring clamping plate (clamp), this framework is anchored in the wall base with maintenance, thereby can transmit the compressive stress that load bearing wall bears.
In case module is fixed in the wall base and wall when having formed, its both sides just are capped with 150km/cm 2Compo, and supporting (wall base), will to be coated with intensity be 210kg/cm 2Concrete.
In order to apply concrete, plate must be placed on each outside end face, plate is attached to transverse truss and utilize nail that it is followed closely in this transverse truss by line, and then after 7 days, can cut described line and can remove this template.
If desired than better sound insulation and effect of heat insulation that structural panel air chamber obtained, then can before covering wall, insert the barrier material sheet of desirable characteristics and thickness.
B) for the floor, in the mode of span until 4 meters, in floor, use designed framework, this with load bearing wall in employed identical, difference is, it is horizontal lay, and with wall in as the strong part that supports corresponding, in floor, has joist, this joist " original position (in situ) " or partly in advance on floor.And then, repair two sides of structure by different way, upside is trimmed to has the necessary thick compression layer of 50mm, and downside is trimmed to the protruding compo with 20mm.
In compression layer and be in above the joist, according to corresponding structure design, must place the round steel bar, as opposing part (negative), the diameter of steel pole depends on the span of floor, and must place the steel mesh reinforcement that is used for temperature and refraction.Be necessary for each construction work and prepare structure design.
C) unit as a supplement, wherein, building operation need use primary structure, and these primary structures are designed to realize the function of lintel and windowsill (window sill).Be well known that the module of using in the primary structure can have the height of 2600mm, the height of reserving 80mm wherein is used for floor finishing and the horizontal mounting portion of placement.In addition, must deduct 20mm, to be used to repair the lower surface of the unit that is used to constitute the floor.
Therefore, we have the headway (clearance height) of 2500mm, and it meets the specification of all types of dwelling houses.
This headway that wherein is ready to place window is divided into: lintel: 400mm height; Window opening: 1200 height; Windowsill: 1000mm height (wherein 920mm belongs to headway).
Therefore, lintel is made by the high primary structure of the wide 400mm of taking advantage of of 600mm, its with outer wall (no matter whether being load bearing wall) in the main framework used have identical characteristic, wherein only have the upper end of truss and bottom to change.Therefore, stretch out 150mm from the truss end,, support as load-bearing to be built into the lateral cell of wall at the 6mm at its place, end or the round bar of 8mm.
Windowsill is made by the high primary structure of the wide 1000mm of taking advantage of of 600mm, after the floor is trimmed and has placed horizontal mounting portion, stays the space of 920mm.Size can change, and the size of panel changes according to requirement of engineering.
In order to build window opening, can be according to the size of requirement of engineering adjustment along its width and height both direction.
Main framework comprises the round steel bar, the size of this steel pole can according to the unit of being paid close attention to and height change.
Such round bar is used in the framework of the joist that " original position " that be used for the floor make usually, and the span on this floor is greater than the used span of this module.
And then, according to circumstances, paper can be adhered to its underpart, also paper adhesion not.Usually use it for next door or the inner wall of separating in the house.
Employed mortar is a mortar common on the market, and mortar is made especially so that it forms protrusion.
Replacedly, can use to have better sound insulation and heat insulation mortar type, for example, Perliyeso or Perlinar, its mixture by perlite and mortar is made, and has than ordinary lime mortar better heat insulation and defening effect and fire prevention character.
In order to understand characteristic of the present invention better, below to following explanation of the present invention and exemplary and nonrestrictive accompanying drawing describes as a group of the complete ingredient of this explanation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 shows the lateral view of one of truss of formation fabric structure panel.
Fig. 1 a shows the lateral view according to the part of the truss of panel of the present invention.
Fig. 2 shows the conventional phantom drawing that is used for the typical construction panel of building according to of the present invention.
Fig. 2 a shows the conventional phantom drawing of another form of the panel that is used for building.
Fig. 2 b and 2c show details shown in Figure 2 " A " and " B ", and they are respectively upper end and the bottoms that is used for the typical construction panel of building according to of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the conventional phantom drawing that has the structural panel of door opening according to of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the conventional phantom drawing that has the structural panel of window opening according to of the present invention.
Fig. 5 shows the conventional phantom drawing of a plurality of panels, and described a plurality of panels combine to utilize structural panel according to the present invention to constitute the building structure with triangle roof.
Fig. 6 shows the conventional phantom drawing of the structural panel that is used for building, and it shows and will be applied in both sides to form the mortar of wall.
Fig. 7 shows the schematic diagram of the building of being made by panel according to the present invention.
In order to understand the present invention better, below will be elaborated to some forms as shown in non-limitative drawings of the present invention, these non-limitative drawings be for illustrative purpose and invest this manual.
The specific embodiment
The clear characteristic details that shows the syndeton panel that is used for building utilizes accompanying drawing to indicate the parts of positive institute reference with the reference marker form in the following description and appended exemplary drawings.
With reference to accompanying drawing 1, it shows the lateral view of one of the truss of the structural panel that is configured for building.In described accompanying drawing, truss 1 is by forming based on the metal construction of two parallel bars 2, corresponding peak dot and the valley point and tangentially be bonded to this wavy serrated rod of described two parallel bars by wavy serrated rod 3.
With reference to Fig. 1 a, it shows the lateral view according to the part of the truss 1 of panel of the present invention.In described accompanying drawing, can observe, serrated rod 3 tangentially is bonded to two parallel bars 2, and in this position, corresponding parallel bar 2 is fixed in peak dot 4 and valley point 5.The peak dot 4 and the valley point 5 of wavy bar 2 have longitudinal component, and it has guaranteed tangentially to combine with parallel bar 2 along tangible longitudinal component, makes structure firmer.
With reference to Fig. 2, it shows the conventional phantom drawing that is used for the typical construction panel of building according to of the present invention.In described accompanying drawing, this panel utilization is formed by the framework that limits with the similar peripheral truss 1 of truss shown in Fig. 1 and 2; So a plurality of vertical truss 1a that forms equidistantly or not equidistantly is distributed in the framework with preset distance, as element of construction, and a plurality of levels and/or oblique transverse bar 6 are fixed in front and back, and equidistantly or not be equally spaced with preset distance, as strengthening the unit, with stiffened panel, this assembly defines the three-dimensional box body of hollow; Be incorporated into the external front face and the outside back side by the plating of die-cut and extension or the metal frame 7 that the electroless coating cold-rolled steel sheet forms, as the bracing or strutting arrangement that is used for the mortar (not shown), described mortar is applied in these front and backs to form wall as overburden.
(tighten) the described metal frame 7 that compacts to prevent distortion, is welded in two parallel bars 2 of each peripheral truss 1 and a plurality of vertical rack 1a with described metal frame and is welded in and strengthen and the transverse bar 6 of stiffened panel.
With reference to Fig. 2 a, it shows the conventional phantom drawing of another form of the panel that is used for building.In described accompanying drawing, this panel is formed by the framework that is limited with the similar peripheral truss 1 of truss shown in Fig. 1 and 2; Described peripheral truss 1 is fixed in front and back for oblique a plurality of transverse bars 6 in this case, and equidistantly or not is equally spaced with preset distance as element of construction, and as strengthening the unit, with stiffened panel, this assembly defines the three-dimensional box body of hollow; Be incorporated into the external front face and the outside back side by the plating of die-cut and extension or the metal frame 7 that the electroless coating cold-rolled steel sheet forms, as the bracing or strutting arrangement that is used for the mortar (not shown), described mortar is applied in front and back to form wall as overburden.Described panel can be wideer and can be comprised a plurality of vertical truss 1 that is in the framework.
Described panel shows the extension, bottom 8 and the extension, top 9 of the parallel bar 2 that constitutes each vertical truss, they are as a kind of like this device, promptly, described panel is fastening and be fixed in the wall base, be used for panel is anchored in roof panel (roof plate), perhaps be used to prepare panel with acting on the framework that roof panel is installed.
With reference to Fig. 2 b and 2c, they show details shown in Figure 2 " A " and " B ", and it is respectively upper end and the bottom that is used for the typical construction panel of building according to of the present invention.In described accompanying drawing, stretch out above the corresponding lower surface of panel and the boundary of upper surface the bottom and the upper end that constitute the vertical parallel bar 2 of each truss 1 and 1a, and stretch out with fastened and be fixed in wall base (not shown) from panel the bottom of stretching out 8 of each truss 1 and 1a (seeing Fig. 2 b).(upper end of stretching out 9 of seeing Fig. 2 parallel bar 2 a) protrudes upward so that panel is anchored in roof panel from panel, perhaps the preparation panel that acts on the framework that roof panel is installed for each truss 1 and 1a.
With reference to Fig. 3, it shows the conventional phantom drawing that has the structural panel of a wall recessed (bay) according to of the present invention.In described accompanying drawing, structural panel is formed by peripheral truss 1, and comprises: two other truss 1a at least, and described two other truss defines the boundary of a wall recessed 10; Truss 11 on the level, and it defines the last boundary of a wall recessed 10; A plurality of transverse bars 6, it is bonded to front and back, and equidistantly or not is equally spaced with preset distance, as strengthening the unit with stiffened panel.
With reference to Fig. 4, it shows the conventional phantom drawing that has the recessed structural panel of window wall according to of the present invention.In described accompanying drawing, structural panel is made of peripheral truss 1 and other intermediate trusses 1a of framework, in these intermediate trusses some are short in to limit window wall recessed 12, two vertical truss 1a and two horizontal truss 13 are wherein arranged, in these two horizontal truss one is in the top and another is in the bottom, defines described window wall recessed 12 like this; A plurality of transverse bars 6 are bonded to the front and back of panel, and equidistantly or not are equally spaced with preset distance, as strengthening the unit with stiffened panel.
In two panels shown in Fig. 3 and 4, metal frame 7 integral body are incorporated into the front and back (not shown framework 7, thereby can see the structure of panel preferably) of panel.
In Fig. 3 and 4, metal frame 7 is (not shown, thereby can see the structure of panel preferably) also be secured to the edge around a wall recessed 10 and the window wall recessed 12, in these zones, holding mortar and to form overburden, thereby form the surface that holds window frame and door frame.
With reference to Fig. 5, according to requirement of engineering, identical and heteroid a plurality of panels combine by the shear key (not shown), utilizing structural panel according to the present invention to form building structure with triangle roof, window wall recessed 10 and door wall recessed 12 zones of different that define house of these panels by separately.Not shown metal frame, so that can see the structure of panel preferably, this panel holds mortar with the formation overburden, thereby forms the wall in house.Come all panels of anchoring by the bottom of stretching out 8 of each truss 1 and 1a, stretch out with fastened and be fixed in wall base (not shown) from panel these bottoms.The upper end of stretching out 9 of the parallel bar 2 of each truss 1 and 1a protrudes upward so that panel is anchored in roof panel from panel, perhaps the preparation panel that acts on the framework that roof panel is installed.In Fig. 5, use the reference number identical with earlier drawings.
With reference to figure 6, be used for the structural panel of building, can see applying of first mortar bed 14, and second thickening layer 15 is applied on first mortar bed, these mortar are applied in the both sides of panel to form wall 16, metal frame 7 usefulness of being compacted act on the support of mortar, and this metal frame that compacts 7 that is anchored on the both sides of panel is connected in the parallel bar 2 of peripheral truss 1 and intermediate truss 1a and is connected in transverse bar 6.
Being used for the obducent minimum thickness of compo is about 25mm, and it forms in the mode of two pantostrats 14 and 15 by using machine or artificially, and it can form the minimum strength of 100kg/cm.sup.2.Can use that prepare or stable mortar, it adheres to metal framework and prevents that it from entering panel to guarantee it for predetermined mixture.
In order to carry out mortar finishing, must be with surfacing for having the aluminium straight edge, the preferred flat surfaces of the wall that trims with acquisition.
With reference to Fig. 7, it shows the schematic diagram of the building of being built by panel according to the present invention.In described accompanying drawing, can see, this building comprises the vertical panel of the side that is configured for forming load bearing wall 17 and a plurality of panels that constitute flaggy 18, other vertical panels are fixed and are anchored on these flaggies, and described other vertical panels are configured for forming the side of second and the 3rd layer load bearing wall 17a.
Constitute a wall recessed 10 and window wall recessed 12 by the panel shown in Fig. 3 and 4, at window wall recessed 12, the panel of recessed 12 tops of wall defines lintel 19, and the panel of recessed 12 belows of wall defines windowsill, perhaps, under other situations, single panel comprises as shown in Figure 4 with described window wall that recessed and top limits lintel 19 and the lower part limits windowsill 20.
Those skilled in the art the present invention described fully, so that can reproduce the present invention and obtain effect described here.But; those skilled in the art can make the application and not have the modification described utilizing under the situation of the present invention; claimed theme is intended to cover at concrete structure of the present invention or manufacturing process and these modification of making in the claims, and such structure must be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (13)

1. syndeton panel that is used for building, it is characterized in that described syndeton panel is formed by the framework that limits by peripheral truss, wherein, each truss is made up of metal construction, and described metal construction is based on two parallel bars that tangentially are bonded to wavy serrated rod; As above form with preset distance equidistantly or a plurality of vertical truss that is not equally spaced as element of construction; A plurality of levels and/or tiltedly transverse bar be anchored on positive side and dorsal surface and equidistantly or not be equally spaced with preset distance, as strengthening the unit to strengthen described panel, wherein, the assembly of described syndeton panel defines the three-dimensional box body of hollow; The metal frame that compacts is incorporated into front and back, and as the device that is used to support mortar, described mortar puts on described front and back to form wall as overburden.
2. the syndeton panel that is used for building according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, utilize automatic process to form described parallel bar and all seams between the described transverse bar and the seam of described metal frame that has described wavy serrated rod by spot welding.
3. the syndeton panel that is used for building according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the cold-rolled steel sheet that described metal frame is 0.3mm, 0.4mm and 0.5mm by the thickness die-cut and plating of extending or electroless coating is made, and ribs in the middle of described metal frame can comprise, described metal frame is adjusted to the width with 600mm and has the variable-length of the height that depends on described structural panel.
4. according to claim 1 and the 3 described syndeton panels that are used for building, it is characterized in that, described metal frame can have the paper gasket adhered thereto back of the body, and the described paper gasket back of the body prevents that the air chamber of described panel is filled with the finishing mortar, and prevents to cause the heat bridge do not expected.
5. according to the described syndeton panel that is used for building of aforementioned claim, it is characterized in that in case described side has been coated with described mortar, the inner room of described panel just produces the air as isolated certain volume.
6. according to the described syndeton panel that is used for building of aforementioned claim, it is characterized in that, according to the thickness of the inner room of described panel and the isolated type of needs, it promptly is heat insulation or sound insulation and heat insulation, the inner room of described panel is filled with the barrier material that is selected from formaldehyde foam, hard polyurethane foam or glass fiber, and described barrier material can be applicable to different thickness and density all the time.
7. according to claim 1 and the 2 described syndeton panels that are used for building, it is characterized in that, come in conjunction with adjacent panels forming wall by predetermined thick plating line or by shear key, described shear key fixedly the adjacent peripheral truss parallel bar and be distributed in the each point place along the longitudinal component of described parallel bar.
8. the syndeton panel that is used for building according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described shear key comprises round U-shaped part, described round U-shaped part is around the vertical bar of adjacent parallel of the truss that is hooked in adjacent panels on the described front or the back side, the end of described round U-shaped part is in the vertical bar bent around of the adjacent parallel of correspondence, and the vertical bar of the adjacent parallel of described correspondence belongs to identical truss but is positioned on the opposite face.
9. the syndeton panel that is used for building according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described transverse bar is by obliquely fastening, and alternately the edge from described framework stretches out with bending and fixing in abutting connection with panel.
10. according to the described syndeton panel that is used for building of aforementioned claim, it is characterized in that, stretch out above the corresponding downside of described panel and the boundary of upside the bottom and the upper end that constitute the parallel vertical bar of each truss, the bottom of stretching out of each truss is bent to form anchor clamps, described anchor clamps can be fastened and be fixed in the wall base with the described panel of anchoring, simultaneously, the upper end of being stretched out is bent so that described panel is anchored in described roof panel, perhaps the preparation panel that acts on the framework that described roof panel is installed.
11., it is characterized in that described syndeton panel comprises that a wall is recessed and the window wall is recessed according to the described syndeton panel that is used for building of aforementioned claim.
12. the syndeton panel that is used for building according to claim 11, it is characterized in that, define the edge of door opening and window opening by described truss, the part of metal frame is anchored on described edge, to hold mortar and form the surface that holds window framework and door framework in these zones.
13., it is characterized in that described metal frame comprises the corrosion-resistant material coating according to the described syndeton panel that is used for building of claim 1-4.
CNA2009101271866A 2008-03-14 2009-03-16 A construction system for improvement on buildings Pending CN101538911A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103696543A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-04-02 苏州工业园区设计研究院股份有限公司 Truss reinforcement stair
CN111305402A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-06-19 赵静青 Heat-insulating core material structure and manufacturing method thereof
CN113454301A (en) * 2019-02-06 2021-09-28 乌鲁·乌森库尔·乔波纳利 Building energy-saving three-dimensional panel, equipment and manufacturing method (option) thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101963665B1 (en) * 2017-01-23 2019-03-29 이주연 Method for constructing structure by using mesh and mortar
RS20211194A1 (en) * 2021-09-27 2023-03-31 Kremenovic Radoslav Consistent and easy-to-move ecological prefabricated building construction

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103696543A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-04-02 苏州工业园区设计研究院股份有限公司 Truss reinforcement stair
CN103696543B (en) * 2013-12-16 2016-06-15 苏州工业园区设计研究院股份有限公司 A kind of truss reinforcement stair
CN113454301A (en) * 2019-02-06 2021-09-28 乌鲁·乌森库尔·乔波纳利 Building energy-saving three-dimensional panel, equipment and manufacturing method (option) thereof
CN111305402A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-06-19 赵静青 Heat-insulating core material structure and manufacturing method thereof
CN111305402B (en) * 2019-12-27 2021-07-13 赵静青 Heat-insulating core material structure and manufacturing method thereof

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TR200902037A2 (en) 2009-10-21
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AR079088A1 (en) 2011-12-28
KR20090098729A (en) 2009-09-17

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Application publication date: 20090923