CN100402765C - Box shaped house model of construction and fabricating method - Google Patents

Box shaped house model of construction and fabricating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100402765C
CN100402765C CNB2004100940102A CN200410094010A CN100402765C CN 100402765 C CN100402765 C CN 100402765C CN B2004100940102 A CNB2004100940102 A CN B2004100940102A CN 200410094010 A CN200410094010 A CN 200410094010A CN 100402765 C CN100402765 C CN 100402765C
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China
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steel
mould
wallboard
frame
described
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CNB2004100940102A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1796706A (en
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张东川
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张东川
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Publication of CN100402765C publication Critical patent/CN100402765C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a box type building model and a fabricating method thereof. The model comprises a composite external wallboard, an internal wallboard, a top board model and a steel pipe column, wherein the composite external wallboard comprises a structural wallboard and an external heat-insulating facing board, the wallboard comprises a steel frame, a reinforcement net frame and an aerated concrete board, and the internal wallboard comprises a hollow structural wallboard and a composite frame wallboard. The hollow structural wallboard comprises a frame steel, a reinforcement net frame, a steel joist and a facing board, the composite frame wallboard comprises a steel frame, a medium column, a support rod member, a soundproof core layer and a facing layer, and the top board model comprises a pressed steel bearing board and a light thin board. The steel pipe column is the commercial steel pipe, the box type building model is a five-side stereo structure building model formed by welding a wall body enclosed by one external wallboard and three internal wallboards, four board steel pipe columns arranged on four corners and welded with the wallboards, and the top board model into a whole. The building model can be cast with mortar after being conveyed to the job site, and has the advantages of convenient manufacture and small transporting quantity.

Description

Boxlike building room mould and construction process thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of boxlike building room mould and construction process thereof.

Background technology

In existing civil building engineering, multiple building system such as exist that brick mixes, framework, frame are light, and the boxlike building that to be wherein batch production, prefabricated degree the highest is a kind of, represented the direction of building industry modernization development.The elementary cell of boxlike building is a box building, and it is a stock with steel concrete, is made in factory by four sides wallboard and the pentahedron box-shape house that roofing slab is formed, transports to the job site and lifts and be spliced into whole building and build.Compare with other building system, it is fast that the boxlike building has speed of application, construction period is short, and quality easily guarantees and do not have clear superiority such as loam brick, but exist also that specification is single, complex process, service property (quality) be not ideal enough, and found the factory have high input etc. not enough, particularly box house weight is big, must use large-scale lifting and haulage device, thereby causes machinery expense cost higher, so that offseted the advantage of boxlike building, hindered that building industry is modern further develops.

Summary of the invention

In order to overcome the above-mentioned shortcoming that prior art exists, get through the bottleneck of restriction building industry modernization development, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of boxlike building room mould, to simplify the box building manufacture craft, improve workmanship and service property (quality), alleviate product weight greatly, further energy-saving and cost-reducing, reduce construction costs.

Boxlike building of the present invention room mould technical scheme is:

A kind of boxlike building room mould, it is characterized in that, it is made up of compound external wall panel, inner wall panel, top board mould and steel pipe column, described compound external wall panel is made up of structure wallboard and outer heat insulation facing plate, its profile is rectangle and door and window hole is arranged, and described structure wallboard is by steel frame, built-in bar frame and aerated concrete panel be combined into, and steel frame is made with the channel-section steel weldering, bar frame places frame interior and integrally welded with the steel framework inboard, and described outer heat insulation facing plate becomes to be fixedly connected with structural wall;

Described inner wall panel has hollow structure wallboard and compound frame wallboard; Described hollow structure wallboard is made up of steel work and facing plate, and their profile is that rectangle is offered door opening; Described steel work part is made by steel frame, three-dimensional bar frame, lightgage steel joist welding, steel frame is the rectangle frames that angle steel weldering system forms that turn up of two by the channel-section steel of bottom surface and two limit facades and end face, two big faces in the outside of steel work be welded with multiple tracks be vertical to lightgage steel joist; Described facing plate is a light sheet, and it is arranged on two big faces in the outside of steel work, and is tightly linked all-in-one-piece hollow structure wallboard by bonding adhesive and self-tapping screw and lightgage steel joist;

Described compound frame wallboard is made up of steel work, sound insulation sandwich layer and finish coat, and their profile is a rectangle, and offers door opening; Described steel work part is made by steel framework, intermediolateral column, the welding of bearing diagonal rod member; Described steel frame is for making the rectangle frame that forms by the channel-section steel of bottom surface and two limit facades and the U-lag girder steel weldering of end face, described U-lag girder steel is formed by two Z bar butt welding, and openend is by uniformly-spaced welding a plurality of band steels or linking reinforcing bar thereon, and intermediolateral column and bearing diagonal rod member form by being welded on the steel frame inboard with H shaped steel and channel-section steel respectively; Described sound insulation sandwich layer is located in the steel frame; Described finish coat is located at two big faces in the outside of steel work and sound insulation sandwich layer;

Described top board mould is made up of die mould steel board and ceiling facing plate; Die mould steel board is an approved product, and weld mutually with the end face of both walls slab framework respectively at its two ends, in the bottom surface of steel board, with ceiling facing plate and its Joint, forms ceiling with self-tapping screw;

Described steel pipe column is a square steel pipe, two ends at steel pipe column are welded with shrouding, wherein the center of top shrouding has circular hole, center correspondence position in following end-plate bottom surface is welded with the steel column that the diameter that is used for floor gap keyway connection up and down and horizontal location is slightly less than the projection of above-mentioned circular hole, when assembling room mould, steel pipe column is made vertical welding with the steel framework of inside and outside wall board, and weld by the gusset piece on its top and the end face level of wallboard steel frame; Described gusset piece is the L shaped steel plate in right angle;

Described boxlike room mould, comprise two kinds of forms of the conjuncted half range of monomer room mould and open type room mould, described monomer boxlike room mould is made up of a slice side fascia, three inner wall panels and four steel pipe columns, a slice side fascia and three inner wall panels surround quadrangle, four steel pipe column branches are located at four jiaos and integrally welded with four wallboards, and the end face welding of the die mould steel board of described top board mould and wallboard steel frame all around also forms five stable three-dimensional monomer boxlikes building room moulds; Described conjuncted half range room mould, by two side fascias that link into an integrated entity or inner wall panel, three respectively be that the inner wall panel of 1/2 longitudinal length and two top board moulds that respectively are 1/2 area and three steel pipe columns are assembled into 1/2 depth by electric soldering method but the open type disjunctor half range room mould that links into an integrated entity.

Boxlike building of the present invention room mould construction process is:

The construction process of a kind of boxlike building room mould, comprise a slice side fascia, three inner wall panels are separately fixed at around the pedestal, and be welded and fused with four steel pipe columns of four jiaos, on the end face of wallboard steel frame, be coupled to pentahedron boxlike room mould around then die mould steel board being welded on; Steel frame in described each sheet wallboard and steel pipe column weld by the level of vertical welding and junction plate and form the 3 D stereo framework, constitute the stress frame of whole boxlike room mould and building, and ceiling is installed at last, connect the conduit between each wallboard and the top board mould; It is characterized in that, with the conjuncted exterior wall of a slice or inner wall panel, three respectively be that the inner wall panel of 1/2 longitudinal length and two top board moulds that respectively are 1/2 area and three steel pipe columns are assembled into 1/2 depth by electric soldering method but the open type disjunctor half range room mould that links into an integrated entity; The wallboard interface of this conjuncted half range room mould is a channel-section steel, the welding back forms the sealing steel pipe column, the top board interface then welds with angle steel, with two disjunctor half range room die combination together, it is corresponding and welded to make it open wide face, can obtain two monomer boxlike room moulds complete and that assembling finishes.

The construction process of aforesaid boxlike building room mould, wherein construction divides following three steps:

The first step, foundation construction is a key with the protruding steel column on the shrouding of boxlike room mould four angle steel tubing string bottoms, when lifting, make in its circular hole that enters lower floor's room mould steel pipe column top sealing plate, the realization keyway cooperates, and eliminates shake altogether with sliding type, reaches the purpose of vertical connection and shock insulation;

Second step, carry out the preceding preparation of concreting, comprise with the pipeline between single room mould and independent template die series connection connect, colligation flooring steel mesh reinforcement and reinforcing rib, and itself and bar frame and the interior beam arrangement of reinforcement of steel frame knee wall top shaped steel groove in the shear wall mould are firmly welded; The top board mould is supported temporarily; For preventing that the mould that rises from appearring in Hollow wall plate when concreting and shake are smash, adopt split bolt and flitch galvanized wire to clamp the tight two-sided wallboard of strand;

The 3rd step, build the flooring concrete and carry out maintenance, adopt delivery pump that concrete pump is delivered to flooring, at first build in the steel pipe column, in the steel frame U-lag and in the wall mould cavity, build floor plate at last.

Boxlike room mould is provided with various ways and specification, and is furnished with independent formwall and the top board mould that uses.Pipeline between washroom and kitchen is maximum, is provided with piping shaft specially in the inside of this boxlike room mould, so that the installation of vertical main of later stage and replacing, the pipeline of its horizontal direction then is installed in the room mould when plant produced in advance.

Aforesaid boxlike building room mould, ceiling facing plate wherein be meant gypsum particle board, fiber reinforced cement board and the light weight board that adheres to specification in any; Wherein heat insulation facing plate, sound insulation middle layer plate are meant any in the heat insulating and sound insulating material that polyphenyl plate, high density rock cotton board, cement fly ash foaming core etc. adhere to specification; Wherein steel frame and bar frame can adopt common shaped steel, light gauge cold-formed steel shape and reinforcing bar according to designing requirement.

In addition, the wallboard interface of above-mentioned this conjuncted half range room mould is a channel-section steel, and the welding back forms the sealing steel pipe column, and the top board interface then with the angle steel welding, behind poured in place concrete, forms steel core concrete column and steel-concrete respectively and makes up dark beam.For guaranteeing the monolithic stability of room mould in lifting and transportation, be welded with interim tie-beam at the base angle of three half range wall mould interfaces.Conjuncted half range room mould is when transportation, its 1/2 lengthwise forms width of the carbody, restriction with effective solution transportation width, and when installing at the construction field (site), only need together two disjunctor half range room die combination, it is corresponding and welded to make it open wide face, can obtain two monomer boxlike room moulds complete and that assembling finishes.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:

1. manufacturing speed is fast: boxlike building room mould adopts steel frame welding and light composite board mounting technique, and work efficiency can significantly improve, thereby has shortened the processing and fabricating time greatly.

2. product quality height: boxlike building room mould has replaced precast concrete with the sheet material of suitability for industrialized production, and the specification of product, precision, toughness and firm degree all increase substantially, and its surface finish more is better than manually wiping one's face.

3. one module multiple usages: integrated boxlike building room mould is at the scene during concreting, lifting plate and supporting role, and build finish after, promptly be combined into one with concrete, become the permanent ingredient of whole building building.Wherein steel frame and the steel mesh reinforcement in the room mould is combined into steel-concrete combined structure and concrete filled steel tube one shaped steel combining structure with concrete, and the light composite wallboard with insulation and sound insulation effect then becomes the space enclosing structure and the compartment wall of building.

4. energy-saving and cost-reducing: it has fully phased out loam brick, can economize the land resource to greatest extent, reduces energy consumption.

5. reduce mechanical expense: the boxlike building room mould that adopts steel frame and light composite board to make, its product weight only is 1/3~1/4 of a steel concrete box building, thereby can avoid using large tonnage crane and haulage device, greatly reduce machinery expense cost and construction cost.And boxlike building room mould both can complete in factory, also formwall and top board mould can be transported to the job site and assemble, further reduced freight.

6. easy construction: use boxlike building room mould to carry out housing construction and the construction of other civilian construction, all simple and efficient compared with current any job practices, it only needs hoisted in position and the connection by drawing of boxlike room mould, then concreting gets final product on its top board, its duration only is 1/3 of conventional worker's method, even shorter.

Description of drawings

The present invention is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and example.

Fig. 1 is the exploded perspective view of the monomer boxlike room mould of the embodiment of the invention

Fig. 2 is the exploded perspective view of the conjuncted half range room mould of the embodiment of the invention

Fig. 3 a is the assembling view of the monomer boxlike room mould of the embodiment of the invention

Fig. 3 b is the assembling view of the conjuncted half range room mould of the embodiment of the invention

Fig. 4 is the assembling and the construction schematic perspective view of the whole building building construction aspect boxlike room mould of the embodiment of the invention

The number in the figure explanation:

10 compound external wall panels, 11 structure wallboards, 12 steel frames

13 bar frames, 14 aerated concrete panels, 15 light thermal-insulation sandwich layers

16 finish coats, 17 dedicated hanging parts, 18 outer heat insulation facing plates

20 compound frame wallboard 21U shape steel channel beams, 22 osculant steel columns

23 bearing diagonal rod members, 24 steel frames, 25 sound insulation sandwich layers

26 finish coats

30 hollow structure wallboards, 31 steel frames, 32 lightgage steel joists

33 three-dimensional bar frame 34 facing plates

40 top board moulds, 41 die mould steel boards, 42 ceiling facing plates

50 quadrate steel pipe columns, 51 capital shroudings, 52 post bottom sealing plates

53 joint covers

60 conjuncted side fascia 71 channel columns

70 half range compound frame wallboards

80 half range hollow structure wallboards

90 conjuncted inner wall panels

The dark beam of 102 angle steel

Room, mould B independence panel wall mould C washroom, A monomer boxlike room mould

The conjuncted half range of AA room mould D independence top board mould E balcony mould

The on-the-spot assembling reinforcement of the conjuncted half range of AA ' room mould T staircase room mould F

Mould G cast-in-situ concrete LJ in AE monomer Lian Tai room connects bottom girder temporarily

AC monomer Lian Wei room mould

The specific embodiment

Embodiment 1:

As shown in Figure 1, boxlike building of the present invention room mould, it is made up of compound external wall panel 10, multiple box framework wallboard 20 or hollow structure 30, top board mould 40 and steel pipe column 50: described compound external wall panel 10 is made up of structure wallboard 11 and outer heat insulation facing plate 18, and its profile is rectangle and door and window hole is arranged.Described structure wallboard 11 wide and high equals the indoor clear span and the clear height that design respectively, and this compound external wall panel 10 is by steel frame 12, built-in bar frame 13 and aerated concrete panel 14 be combined intos.Steel frame 12 usefulness channel-section steels weldering system, bar frame 13 places steel frame interior and integrally welded with the steel framework inboard, by building slip and make aerated concrete panel 14 in frame after maintenance.Described outer heat insulation facing plate 18 is fixedly connected for 11 one-tenth with the structure wallboard, and its back side is provided with and is used to the dedicated hanging part 17 that connects and fix.

Described inner wall panel comprises hollow structure wallboard 30 and compound frame wallboard 20; Described hollow structure wallboard 30 is made up of steel work and facing plate 34, and their profile is rectangle and offers door opening as required, and it is long and high to equal the indoor clean length and the clear height that design respectively; Described steel work part is connect and is made by steel frame 31, three-dimensional bar frame 33, lightgage steel joist weldering 32, steel frame 31 is two rectangle frames that the angle steel weldering system of turning up forms by the channel-section steel of bottom surface and two limit facades and end face, three-dimensional bar frame 33 places in the steel framework and is integrally welded with the steel framework inboard, two big faces in the outside of steel work be welded with the multiple tracks vertical to lightgage steel joist 32; Described facing plate 34 is a light sheet, it is arranged on two big faces in the outside of steel work, and be tightly linked to be integral by bonding adhesive and self-tapping screw and lightgage steel joist 32 and form hollow structure wallboard 30, can be in the cavity of centre according to design and installation conduit and junction box.

Described compound frame wallboard 20 is made up of steel work, sound insulation sandwich layer 25 and finish coat 26, and their profile is a rectangle, and offers door opening as required, and its long and height equals the indoor clean length and the clear height that design respectively; Described steel work part is made by steel frame 24, osculant steel column 22,23 welding of bearing diagonal rod member; Described steel frame 24 is for making the rectangle frame that forms by the channel-section steel of bottom surface and two limit facades and U-lag girder steel 21 welderings of end face, described U-lag girder steel 21 is formed by two Z bar butt welding, and thereon openend by uniformly-spaced welding a plurality of band steels or linking reinforcing bar, osculant steel column 22 and bearing diagonal rod member 23 are provided with as required, are welded on steel frame 24 inboards with H shaped steel and channel-section steel respectively; According to design conduit and junction box are installed in steel frame 24 in advance, described sound insulation sandwich layer 25 is located in the steel framework; Described finish coat 26 is located at two big faces in the outside of steel work and sound insulation sandwich layer 25.

Described top board mould 40 is made up of die mould steel board 41 and ceiling facing plate 42, and its length is the indoor clear span of design; Die mould steel board 41 is approved products, weld mutually with the end face of both walls slab framework respectively at its two ends, and die mould steel board 41 promptly is combined into composite floor behind the concreting at the scene with it, in the bottom surface of steel board, with ceiling facing plate 42 and its Joint, form ceiling with self-tapping screw.In the cavity of two-ply, according to design and installation conduit and junction box.

Described steel pipe column 50 is a square steel pipe, the floor height that its column length equals to design, two ends at steel pipe column are welded with shrouding, wherein the center of top shrouding 51 has circular hole, be used for lifting and concreting, the center correspondence position in following end-plate 52 bottom surfaces is welded with the protruding steel column that the diameter that is used for floor gap keyway connection up and down and horizontal location is slightly less than this circular hole.Quadrate steel pipe column 50 is done vertical welding with the steel frame 12,24 of inside and outside wall board when assembling room mould, and carries out the level welding by the gusset piece 53 on its top and the end face of wallboard steel frame; Described gusset piece 53 is made for the L shaped steel plate in right angle.

Described boxlike room mould, its each monomer boxlike room mould is made up of a slice side fascia 10, three inner wall panels 20 or 30 and four quadrate steel pipe columns 50, a slice side fascia and three inner wall panels surround quadrangle, four slab tubing strings are arranged with four jiaos and integrally welded with four wallboards, and the die mould steel board 41 of described top board mould 40 becomes welding with the end face of wallboard steel frame all around and forms stable pentahedron boxlike building room mould monomer.

Each monomer boxlike building room mould A is made up of a slice side fascia 10, three inner wall panels 20 and 30, a slice top board mould 40 and four steel pipe columns 50; Its construction process is: side fascia 10, inner wall panel 20 or 30 are separately fixed at around the pedestal, and be welded and fused with four quadrate steel pipe columns 50 of four jiaos, on the end face of wallboard steel frame, be coupled to pentahedron boxlike room mould around then die mould steel board 41 being welded on; Steel frame in described each sheet wallboard and the level welding formation 3 D stereo framework of quadrate steel pipe column by vertical welding and junction plate, constitute the stress frame of whole boxlike room mould and building, ceiling facing plate 42 is installed at last, is connected the conduit between each wallboard and the top board mould.As shown in Figure 3, boxlike room mould is provided with various ways and specification, and is furnished with independent formwall B and the top board mould D that uses shown in Fig. 3 a.

Embodiment 2:

Conjuncted half range room mould such as Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3 b, when a complete monomer boxlike building room mould, when permitting no. enough widely owing to the restriction that is subjected to traffic and haulage vehicle, then adopt the method assembling of two gang mould horizontal partition, it is characterized in that it is by two conjuncted side fascias 60 that link into an integrated entity or conjuncted inner wall panel 90, three respectively is that the half range compound frame wallboard 70 of 1/2 longitudinal length or half range hollow structure wallboard 80 and two respectively are that the top board mould 40 of 1/2 area and three quadrate steel pipe columns 50 are assembled into 1/2 depth by electric soldering method but the open type disjunctor half range room mould AA or the AA ' that link into an integrated entity.The wallboard interface of this conjuncted half range room mould is a channel-section steel 71, and the welding back forms the sealing steel pipe column, and dark beam 102 welding of top board interface and angle steel behind poured in place concrete, form steel core concrete column and steel-concrete respectively and make up dark beam.For guaranteeing the monolithic stability of room mould in lifting and transportation, be welded with interim tie-beam LJ at the base angle of three half range wall mould interfaces.Conjuncted half range room mould AA is when transportation, its 1/2 lengthwise forms width of the carbody, restriction with effective solution transportation width, and when installing at the construction field (site), only need two disjunctor half range room mould AA and AA ' are combined, it is corresponding and welded to make it open wide face, can obtain two monomer boxlike room moulds complete and that assembling finishes.

Embodiment 3:

This boxlike building room mould connection and assembling mode at the construction field (site), shown in Fig. 3 a, Fig. 3 b, quantity is that odd number is when maybe needing standard width of a room in an old-style house room is set between with shotgun house, then shown in Fig. 3 a, adopt the assembling of box one plate connection method, peace is that two monomer boxlike room mould A and A branch are arranged, the centre is connected with independent top board mould D with independent formwall B and forms between middle new house, the method not only can be avoided the overlapping of neighboring walls, reduces unit price, and can build the large bay room.Quantity is even number or owing to be subjected to the restriction of traffic and haulage vehicle between with shotgun house, when the room mould permits no. enough widely, then shown in Fig. 3 b, adopt conjuncted half range room mould to dock, its method is for to be close to arrangement with two conjuncted half range room mould AA and AA ', it is corresponding and weld to make it open wide face, forms two complete boxlike room mould A and A of being connected in parallel thus.In the combination of the plane of boxlike room mould, also can utilize balcony mould shutoff exterior wall, utilize independent formwall to cut apart the room, not only can receive the effect of getting twice the result with half the effort, and improve conevying efficiency greatly, further reduce cost.

Embodiment 4:

The construction technology process of this boxlike building room mould when being used to build multistory building, as shown in Figure 4, at first carry out foundation construction, promptly enter the main body construction stage after finishing, earlier monomer boxlike room mould A, conjuncted half range room mould AA, monomer Lian Tai room mould AE, monomer Lian Wei room mould AC, room, washroom mould C, balcony mould E, staircase room mould T, independent panel wall mould B, independent top board mould D are transported to the job site by factory, and press the position hoisted in position that drawing is demarcated, carry out the level connection of room intermode again with electric soldering method.And boxlike room mould is when the vertical connection of carrying out floor gap up and down, do not do the rigidity welding, and adopt the slip shock insulation to connect, its method is to utilize the circular projection of boxlike room mould four angle steel tubing string bottoms to be key, when lifting, make in its circular hole that enters lower floor's room mould capital shrouding, the realization keyway cooperates, and eliminates shake altogether with sliding type, reaches the purpose of vertical connection and shock insulation.Second step, carry out the preceding preparation of concreting, comprise with the pipeline between single room mould and independent template die series connection connect, colligation flooring steel mesh reinforcement and reinforcing rib, and itself and bar frame and the interior beam arrangement of reinforcement of frame supported wall top shaped steel groove in the shear wall mould are firmly welded; The top board mould is supported temporarily; For preventing that the mould that rises from appearring in Hollow wall plate when concreting and shake are smash, adopt split bolt and flitch galvanized wire to clamp the tight two-sided wallboard of strand.The 3rd step, build the flooring concrete and carry out maintenance, adopt delivery pump that concrete pump is delivered to flooring, at first build in the steel pipe, in the steel frame U-lag and in the wall mould cavity, build floor plate at last.Concrete after solidifying combines with each template die, forms steel core concrete column, encased steel concrete combination beam, reinforced concrete shear wall and close rib composite floor respectively, so moves in circles, until the construction of finishing all floors, as shown in Figure 4.The final stage of site operation is vertical water power main pipeline connection, door and window installation and a fitment operation etc. in roof heat insulation waterproof, the building, because most of work has been finished in factory, these later stage work at scene become very simple and quick.

Claims (3)

1. a boxlike is built the room mould, it is characterized in that, it is made up of compound external wall panel, inner wall panel, top board mould and steel pipe column, described compound external wall panel is made up of structure wallboard and outer heat insulation facing plate, its profile is rectangle and door and window hole is arranged, and described structure wallboard is by steel frame, built-in bar frame and aerated concrete panel be combined into, and steel frame is made with the channel-section steel weldering, bar frame places frame interior and integrally welded with the steel framework inboard, and described outer heat insulation facing plate becomes to be fixedly connected with structural wall;
Described inner wall panel has hollow structure wallboard and compound frame wallboard; Described hollow structure wallboard is made up of steel work and facing plate, and their profile is that rectangle is offered door opening; Described steel work part is made by steel frame, three-dimensional bar frame, lightgage steel joist welding, steel frame is the rectangle frames that angle steel weldering system forms that turn up of two by the channel-section steel of bottom surface and two limit facades and end face, two big faces in the outside of steel work be welded with multiple tracks be vertical to lightgage steel joist; Described facing plate is a light sheet, and it is arranged on two big faces in the outside of steel work, and is tightly linked all-in-one-piece hollow structure wallboard by bonding adhesive and self-tapping screw and lightgage steel joist;
Described compound frame wallboard is made up of steel work, sound insulation sandwich layer and finish coat, and their profile is a rectangle, and offers door opening; Described steel work part is made by steel framework, intermediolateral column, the welding of bearing diagonal rod member; Described steel frame is for making the rectangle frame that forms by the channel-section steel of bottom surface and two limit facades and the U-lag girder steel weldering of end face, described U-lag girder steel is formed by two Z bar butt welding, and openend is by uniformly-spaced welding a plurality of band steels or linking reinforcing bar thereon, and intermediolateral column and bearing diagonal rod member form by being welded on the steel frame inboard with H shaped steel and channel-section steel respectively; Described sound insulation sandwich layer is located in the steel frame; Described finish coat is located at two big faces in the outside of steel work and sound insulation sandwich layer;
Described top board mould is made up of die mould steel board and ceiling facing plate; Die mould steel board is an approved product, and weld mutually with the end face of both walls slab framework respectively at its two ends, in the bottom surface of steel board, with ceiling facing plate and its Joint, forms ceiling with self-tapping screw;
Described steel pipe column is a square steel pipe, two ends at steel pipe column are welded with shrouding, wherein the center of top shrouding has circular hole, center correspondence position in following end-plate bottom surface is welded with the steel column that the diameter that is used for floor gap keyway connection up and down and horizontal location is slightly less than the projection of above-mentioned circular hole, when assembling room mould, steel pipe column is made vertical welding with the steel framework of inside and outside wall board, and weld by the gusset piece on its top and the end face level of wallboard steel frame; Described gusset piece is the L shaped steel plate in right angle;
Described boxlike room mould, comprise two kinds of forms of the conjuncted half range of monomer room mould and open type room mould, described monomer boxlike room mould is made up of a slice side fascia, three inner wall panels and four steel pipe columns, a slice side fascia and three inner wall panels surround quadrangle, four steel pipe column branches are located at four jiaos and integrally welded with four wallboards, and the end face welding of the die mould steel board of described top board mould and wallboard steel frame all around also forms five stable three-dimensional monomer boxlikes building room moulds; Described conjuncted half range room mould, by two side fascias that link into an integrated entity or inner wall panel, three respectively be that the inner wall panel of 1/2 longitudinal length and two top board moulds that respectively are 1/2 area and three steel pipe columns are assembled into 1/2 depth by electric soldering method but the open type disjunctor half range room mould that links into an integrated entity.
2. the construction process of boxlike building room mould, comprise a slice side fascia, three inner wall panels are separately fixed at around the pedestal, and be welded and fused with four steel pipe columns of four jiaos, on the end face of wallboard steel frame, be coupled to pentahedron boxlike room mould around then die mould steel board being welded on; Steel frame in described each sheet wallboard and steel pipe column weld by the level of vertical welding and junction plate and form the 3 D stereo framework, constitute the stress frame of whole boxlike room mould and building, and ceiling is installed at last, connect the conduit between each wallboard and the top board mould; It is characterized in that, with the conjuncted exterior wall of a slice or inner wall panel, three respectively be the inner wall panel of 1/2 longitudinal length and two top board moulds that respectively are 1/2 area and three steel pipe columns be assembled into 1/2 depth by electric soldering method but link into an integrated entity open worn-out formula disjunctor half range room mould; The wallboard interface of this conjuncted half range room mould is a channel-section steel, the welding back forms the sealing steel pipe column, the top board interface then welds with angle steel, with two disjunctor half range room die combination together, it is corresponding and welded to make it open wide face, can obtain two monomer boxlike room moulds complete and that assembling finishes.
3. the construction process of boxlike building according to claim 2 room mould is characterized in that its construction divides following three steps:
The first step, foundation construction is a key with the protruding steel column on the shrouding of boxlike room mould four angle steel tubing string bottoms, when lifting, make in its circular hole that enters lower floor's room mould steel pipe column top sealing plate, the realization keyway cooperates, and eliminates shake altogether with sliding type, reaches the purpose of vertical connection and shock insulation;
Second step, carry out the preceding preparation of concreting, comprise with the pipeline between single room mould and independent template die series connection connect, colligation flooring steel mesh reinforcement and reinforcing rib, and itself and bar frame and the interior beam arrangement of reinforcement of steel frame knee wall top shaped steel groove in the shear wall mould are firmly welded; The top board mould is supported temporarily; For preventing that the mould that rises from appearring in Hollow wall plate when concreting and shake are smash, adopt split bolt and flitch galvanized wire to clamp the tight two-sided wallboard of strand;
The 3rd step, build the flooring concrete and carry out maintenance, adopt delivery pump that concrete pump is delivered to flooring, at first build in the steel pipe column, in the steel frame U-lag and in the wall mould cavity, build floor plate at last.
CNB2004100940102A 2004-12-24 2004-12-24 Box shaped house model of construction and fabricating method CN100402765C (en)

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