CN103114663B - Assemble type multifunctional outer wall body and production and installation method thereof - Google Patents

Assemble type multifunctional outer wall body and production and installation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103114663B
CN103114663B CN201310073059.9A CN201310073059A CN103114663B CN 103114663 B CN103114663 B CN 103114663B CN 201310073059 A CN201310073059 A CN 201310073059A CN 103114663 B CN103114663 B CN 103114663B
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cement fibre
reinforced concrete
fibre panel
frame
exterior
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CN103114663A (en
Inventor
王立
游劲秋
马旭新
曾宪纯
王田凤
岑如军
杨燕萍
徐国孝
陈诗浩
刘亚辉
张国永
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Zhejiang Academy Of Building Research & Design Redya Ltd
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Zhejiang Academy Of Building Research & Design Redya Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an assemble type multifunctional outer wall body and a production and installation method thereof. An assemble type outer wall body mainly takes lightweight section as a keel, takes expanded polystyrene (EPS) thermal mortar as a heat preservation interlayer and is mainly applied to steel structure construction at present. The existing assemble type outer wall body has the problems that durability is bad, thermal bridge effect is notable, manufacturing cost is high, adaptability with a reinforced concrete structure is bad and the like. The assemble type multifunctional outer wall body is a frame interlayer composite structure and takes a fine stone reinforced concrete frame as the keel. Cellular concrete is filled in bars of the frame, and a window opening is reserved in the frame. Cement fiber panels are respectively fixedly installed on the inner side and the outer side of the fine stone reinforced concrete frame, and decorating layers are arranged on the cement fiber panels. The assemble type multifunctional outer wall body is suitable for assembling an integrated type structure building or a cast-in-place concrete building, split joint of the assemble type multifunctional outer wall body and a building main body structure is firm, and thus integrity is good. The assemble type multifunctional outer wall body has the integrated functions of protection, heat preservation, decoration, water proofing and the like, all working procedures are settled in one step, an outer scaffold does not need to be arranged in the process of installation, and thus construction speed is fast.

Description

A kind of production of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body, mounting method
Technical field
The present invention relates to novel building industrialized building body of wall, specifically a kind of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body and production thereof, mounting method.
Background technology
China's traditional architecture mode of production also exists that building energy consumption is large compared with high, resource consumption, workmanship and the problem such as safety problem is more, builing industry scientific and technological content is lower, labor productivity is low, carrying capacity of environment is large, along with construction market labor shortage highlights day by day, change the traditional architecture mode of production, carry out important channel and inevitable choice that novel building industrialization is Building Trade in China sustainable development.At present, assembling type outer wall body take mainly lightweight section as keel, with EPS thermal insulation mortar for heat preservation sandwich layer, and is mainly used in steel building, there is poor durability, heat bridge effect be remarkable, cost is high, with the problems such as reinforced concrete structure bad adaptability.
Summary of the invention
For solving the above-mentioned defect existed in current assembling type outer wall body, the invention provides a kind of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body being applicable to cast-in-place concrete structure system or prefabricated concrete structure system, its integrate go along with sb. to guard him, be incubated, decorate, the several functions such as waterproof.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme: a kind of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body, it is characterized in that: it is framework sandwich composite, with microlith reinforced concrete frame for keel, filled and process concrete in the sash of framework also leaves a window opening, the medial and lateral fixed installation Cement fibre panel of microlith reinforced concrete frame, described Cement fibre panel is provided with decorative layer.
Further, described microlith reinforced concrete frame is prefabricated monolithic reinforced-concrete structures, and the left and right side of microlith reinforced concrete frame is embedded with steel tie, and top is embedded with hoisting ring, bottom is embedded with embedded iron parts, is embedded with the interim diagonal brace strong point in the vertical framework of window opening both sides; Microlith reinforced concrete frame has the anchoring through hole of spool perforation and the anchoring medial and lateral Cement fibre panel perpendicular to metope being parallel to metope.Frame size designs by standard width of a room in an old-style house size, and be the requirement of shelter ensureing frame strength and meet reinforcing bar, the wide of framework is 60-80mm, requires to adjust the thickness of framework, can adjust within the scope of 120-240mm according to energy-conservation, sound insulation etc.Steel tie is used for socketing of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body and post, hoisting ring for the production of and installation process in dress hang, weld with the reserved ironware on floor when embedded iron parts is for installing, the interim diagonal brace strong point is temporary fixed for adjustable type bracing element in installation process.
Further, described foam concrete is the foam concrete of cast in situs or prefabricated foam concrete heat-preserving plate, and the unit weight of foam concrete is 200-700kg/m 3, have good heat-insulating property, endurance quality, fireproof performance etc. concurrently.The foam concrete of cast in situs is conducive to burying underground of spool in body of wall, and prefabricated foam concrete heat-preserving plate is then without the need to maintenance, and speed of production is fast.
Further, the rupture strength of described Cement fibre panel is greater than 10MPa, and inner side Cement fibre plate thickness is 5-8mm, and four limits flush with microlith reinforced concrete frame edge respectively; Outside Cement fibre panel has water-proof function, and thickness is 10-20mm, and base flushes with microlith reinforced concrete frame bottom, and its excess-three limit is than microlith reinforced concrete frame edge epi 120-400mm; Medial and lateral Cement fibre panel is bondd by adhesive mortar and microlith reinforced concrete frame, and carries out drawing anchoring through the anchoring through hole on microlith reinforced concrete frame with drawknot bolt.
Further, described decorative layer is directly located on Cement fibre panel, is dope layer or face brick.Because Cement fibre panel surface is smooth, directly decorative layer can be done on Cement fibre panel.
The production method of above-mentioned assembling multifunctional exterior wall body is as follows: first, prefabricated microlith reinforced concrete frame; Inside horizontal positioned, Cement fibre panel is as bed die, sprays one deck adhesive mortar as required, it places microlith reinforced concrete frame, buries pre-embedded pipe underground, cast in situs foam concrete or stickup foam concrete heat-preserving plate in the sash of framework, and stays window opening; After cast-in-place foamed concrete maintenance completes or foam concrete heat-preserving plate stickup terminates, it sprays one deck adhesive mortar again, outside Cement fibre panel in covering, uses drawknot bolt to be anchored on microlith reinforced concrete frame by medial and lateral Cement fibre panel; Finally, as required window frame or integral window are installed, medial and lateral Cement fibre panel installs decorative layer and bonding protective film.
The mounting method of above-mentioned assembling multifunctional exterior wall body is as follows: assembling multifunctional exterior wall body hang in place after, welded with built-in fitting in floor by the embedded iron parts bottom exterior wall, and utilize interim diagonal brace strong point erection adjustable type bracing element to carry out temporary fixed; After the steel tie of exterior wall left and right side and rear pouring concrete post or part, pouring concrete post is built integrally, when building, the outside Cement fibre panel of exterior wall left and right side uses as outboard template, one layer of heat preservation layer is set between rear pouring concrete post and outer side panel, pouring concrete post heat bridge effect after reducing; The outside Cement fibre panel at exterior wall top uses as the outboard template of pouring concrete beam after rear pouring concrete beam or part, arranges one layer of heat preservation material layer, reduce the heat bridge effect of concrete beam between rear pouring concrete beam and outer side panel.
Further, for preventing rear pouring concrete stress beam going down on assembling multifunctional exterior wall body, one elastic cord breaker can be set at assembling multifunctional exterior wall body top.
The beneficial effect that the present invention has is as follows: 1. assembling multifunctional exterior wall body of the present invention is applicable to cast in place and precast construction building or cast-in-place concrete structure building, splices firmly, good integrity with major structure of construction;
2. assembling multifunctional exterior wall body of the present invention integrate go along with sb. to guard him, be incubated, decorate, the function such as waterproof, all process steps settles at one go, need not set up outer scaffold in installation process, and speed of application is fast, and economic benefit is obvious;
3. assembling multifunctional exterior wall body material therefor of the present invention is inorganic material substantially, and endurance quality, fireproof performance are good.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of microlith reinforced concrete frame of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that assembling multifunctional exterior wall body of the present invention and post splice;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram that assembling multifunctional exterior wall body of the present invention and beam, floor splice.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the present invention is further elaborated.
Assembling multifunctional exterior wall body as shown in Figure 1-2, it is framework sandwich composite, with microlith reinforced concrete frame 1 for keel, filled and process concrete 12 in the sash of framework also leaves a window opening 2, the medial and lateral fixed installation Cement fibre panel 3,4 of microlith reinforced concrete frame, described Cement fibre panel is provided with decorative layer.Described foam concrete is the foam concrete of cast in situs or prefabricated foam concrete heat-preserving plate, and the unit weight of foam concrete is 200-700kg/m 3.
Described microlith reinforced concrete frame is prefabricated monolithic reinforced-concrete structures, the left and right side of microlith reinforced concrete frame is embedded with steel tie 5, top is embedded with hoisting ring 6, and bottom is embedded with embedded iron parts 7, is embedded with the interim diagonal brace strong point 8 in the vertical framework of window opening both sides; Microlith reinforced concrete frame has the anchoring through hole 10 of spool the perforation 9 and anchoring medial and lateral Cement fibre panel perpendicular to metope being parallel to metope.
The rupture strength of described Cement fibre panel is greater than 10MPa, and inner side Cement fibre panel 3 thickness is 5-8mm, and four limits flush with microlith reinforced concrete frame edge respectively; Outside Cement fibre panel 4 has water-proof function, and thickness is 10-20mm, and base flushes with microlith reinforced concrete frame bottom, and its excess-three limit is than microlith reinforced concrete frame edge epi 120-400mm; Medial and lateral Cement fibre panel is bondd by adhesive mortar and microlith reinforced concrete frame, and carries out drawing anchoring through the anchoring through hole on microlith reinforced concrete frame with drawknot bolt 11.
The preparation method of above-mentioned assembling multifunctional exterior wall body is as follows:
As shown in Figure 3, first, prefabricated microlith reinforced concrete frame, its template can be the wooden model of manual nail system, also can be the monolithic punching block of customization; Inside horizontal positioned, Cement fibre panel is as bed die, sprays one deck adhesive mortar as required, microlith reinforced concrete frame prefabricated in placement, cast in situs foam concrete or stickup foam concrete heat-preserving plate in sash, and buries pre-embedded pipe underground; After cast-in-place foamed concrete maintenance completes or foam concrete stickup terminates, it sprays one deck adhesive mortar again, outside Cement fibre panel in covering, uses drawknot bolt to be anchored on microlith reinforced concrete frame by medial and lateral Cement fibre panel; Finally, as required window frame or integral window are installed, medial and lateral Cement fibre panel does decorative layer and bonding protective film.
The installation process of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body is as follows:
As shown in Figure 4, assembling multifunctional exterior wall body hang in place after, welded with the built-in fitting 13 above floor 19 central sill 20 by the embedded iron parts bottom body of wall, and set up adjustable type bracing element 14 and carry out temporary fixed; The steel tie 5 of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body left and right side is built integrally with rear pouring concrete post or the rear pouring concrete post of part, when building, the epitaxial part of the outer side panel of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body left and right side uses as outboard template, and between rear pouring concrete post and outer side panel, place one layer of heat preservation layer 16, the heat bridge effect of pouring concrete post after reducing; Similarly, the outer side panel at assembling multifunctional exterior wall body top can be used as the outboard template use of rear pouring concrete beam or the rear pouring concrete beam of part, one layer of heat preservation material layer 18 is placed between rear pouring concrete beam and outer side panel, the heat bridge effect of pouring concrete beam after reducing, for preventing rear pouring concrete stress beam going down on assembling multifunctional exterior wall body, one elastic cord breaker can be set at assembling multifunctional exterior wall body top.
Protection scope of the present invention is not limited to foregoing description; any other formal product under enlightenment of the present invention; no matter do any change in shape or structure, every have identical or close technical scheme with the present invention, all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. the production method of an assembling multifunctional exterior wall body, described assembling multifunctional exterior wall body is framework sandwich composite, with microlith reinforced concrete frame (1) for keel, filled and process concrete (12) in the sash of framework also leaves a window opening (2), medial and lateral fixed installation Cement fibre panel (3,4) of microlith reinforced concrete frame, described Cement fibre panel is provided with decorative layer;
The production method of described assembling multifunctional exterior wall body is as follows: first, prefabricated microlith reinforced concrete frame; Inside horizontal positioned, Cement fibre panel is as bed die, sprays one deck adhesive mortar as required, it places microlith reinforced concrete frame, buries pre-embedded pipe underground, cast in situs foam concrete or stickup foam concrete heat-preserving plate in the sash of framework, and stays window opening; After cast-in-place foamed concrete maintenance completes or foam concrete heat-preserving plate stickup terminates, it sprays one deck adhesive mortar again, outside Cement fibre panel in covering, uses drawknot bolt to be anchored on microlith reinforced concrete frame by medial and lateral Cement fibre panel; Finally, as required window frame or integral window are installed, medial and lateral Cement fibre panel installs decorative layer and bonding protective film.
2. the production method of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described microlith reinforced concrete frame is prefabricated monolithic reinforced-concrete structures, the left and right side of microlith reinforced concrete frame is embedded with steel tie (5), top is embedded with hoisting ring (6), bottom is embedded with embedded iron parts (7), is embedded with the interim diagonal brace strong point (8) in the vertical framework of window opening both sides; Microlith reinforced concrete frame has the anchoring through hole (10) of spool perforation (9) and the anchoring medial and lateral Cement fibre panel perpendicular to metope being parallel to metope.
3. the production method of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described foam concrete is the foam concrete of cast in situs or prefabricated foam concrete heat-preserving plate, and the unit weight of foam concrete is 200-700kg/m 3.
4. the production method of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the rupture strength of described Cement fibre panel is greater than 10MPa, inner side Cement fibre panel (3) thickness is 5-8mm, and four limits flush with microlith reinforced concrete frame edge respectively; Outside Cement fibre panel (4) has water-proof function, and thickness is 10-20mm, and base flushes with microlith reinforced concrete frame bottom, and its excess-three limit is than microlith reinforced concrete frame edge epi 120-400mm; Medial and lateral Cement fibre panel is bondd by adhesive mortar and microlith reinforced concrete frame, and carries out drawing anchoring through the anchoring through hole on microlith reinforced concrete frame with drawknot bolt (11).
5. the production method of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described decorative layer is directly located on Cement fibre panel, is dope layer or face brick.
6. the mounting method of assembling multifunctional exterior wall body that obtains of any one of claim 1-5 method, it is characterized in that: assembling multifunctional exterior wall body hang in place after, welded with built-in fitting in floor (13) by the embedded iron parts (7) bottom exterior wall, and utilize interim diagonal brace strong point erection adjustable type bracing element (14) to carry out temporary fixed; The steel tie (5) of exterior wall left and right side is built integrally with rear pouring concrete post (15) or the rear pouring concrete post of part, when building, the outside Cement fibre panel of exterior wall left and right side uses as outboard template, arranges one layer of heat preservation layer (16) between rear pouring concrete post and outside Cement fibre panel; The outside Cement fibre panel at exterior wall top uses as the outboard template of pouring concrete beam after rear pouring concrete beam (17) or part, arranges one layer of heat preservation material layer (18) between rear pouring concrete beam and outside Cement fibre panel.
7. mounting method according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described exterior wall top arranges one elastic cord breaker.
CN201310073059.9A 2013-03-07 2013-03-07 Assemble type multifunctional outer wall body and production and installation method thereof Active CN103114663B (en)

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