CN105317137A - Prefabricated wall, prefabricated wallboard, construction method of prefabricated wall and production method of prefabricated wallboard - Google Patents

Prefabricated wall, prefabricated wallboard, construction method of prefabricated wall and production method of prefabricated wallboard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105317137A
CN105317137A CN201510659927.0A CN201510659927A CN105317137A CN 105317137 A CN105317137 A CN 105317137A CN 201510659927 A CN201510659927 A CN 201510659927A CN 105317137 A CN105317137 A CN 105317137A
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China
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steel
floor
prefabricated panel
tubing string
reinforcing cage
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CN201510659927.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105317137B (en
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史世英
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史世英
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Abstract

The invention relates to a prefabricated wall, a prefabricated wallboard, a construction method of the prefabricated wall and a production method of the prefabricated wallboard, belonging to the technical field of building walls. The prefabricated wall comprises steel reinforcement cages arranged at floors, wherein each steel reinforcement cage comprises longitudinal main reinforcements and reinforcement stirrups fixedly arranged on the main reinforcement; the outer surface of each steel reinforcement cage is fixedly provided with two first dismounting-free heat insulation template; each steel reinforcement cage is internally provided with a limiting ring and a locating steel tube extending along the length direction of the main reinforcement; the locating steel tubes are arranged in the limiting rings; the locating steel tubes in the steel reinforcement cages at an upper floor are connected with the adjacent locating steel tubes in the steel reinforcement cages at a lower floor through locating tube sleeves; the mutually-abutted main reinforcements of the steel reinforcement cages at the upper floor and at the lower floor are welded together fixedly; and cast-in-place concrete is solidified in the steel reinforcement cages and holes of the locating steel tubes. The prefabricated wall, the prefabricated wallboard, the construction method of the prefabricated wall and the production method of the prefabricated wallboard have the advantages that the structure is reasonable and rapid construction and installation are conveniently realized.

Description

Precast wall body, wallboard and construction method thereof and prefabricated panel production method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of body of wall, wallboard and construction method thereof and wallboard manufacture method, belong to the wall technology field of building.
Background technology
Current dwelling construction adopts the method for site operation and cast-in-place concrete, the site operation of exterior wall agent structure generally will through installing template, lay the working procedure of reinforcing bar, placing of concrete form removal again, after exterior wall main structure construction, also to carry out a series of work loaded down with trivial details in a large number such as the construction of external-wall exterior insulation layer, outer decorative layer construction and interior decoration construction.But site operation has following defect completely: site operation program and complex management, construction cost is larger; Building waste is more, and project site is not easy to clean; The noise of site operation has a strong impact on the live and work of surrounding resident, is unfavorable for the protection of environment; Due to the impact by factors such as constructional materials, weather conditions, field control, quality of workers, site operation quality is also not easy to be guaranteed.
Department of State Council 8 in 2009 dispatches a joint document and announces to start the scientific research of assembled architecture and demonstration and popularization in China comprehensively, the General Office of the State Council is about forwarding State Development and Reform Commission, the notice (Office of the State Council is sent out (203) number) of house town and country construction portion green building action scheme, the departments such as house town and country construction put into effect the design safety degree that a series of policy guide Speed-up Establishment promotes industrialization of construction industry, component component, the standards system of component production plant, promote the prefabricated assembled concrete being applicable to suitability for industrialized production, the building systems such as steel work, accelerate development the prefabricated of construction project and mounting technology, improve industrialization of construction industry Integration ofTechnology level.
Adopt directly by the reinforced concrete wall panel load-bearing of successively docking although the present residential district construction also has, build high-rise prefabricated building structure, but according to the applicant understood, the unreasonable structure of existing prefabricated building, there is the thermal insulation problem of wallboard, the particularly cold bridge heat bridge of side fascia seam crossing and the weak problem of levels tie point, between the basic unit of face, modified difference causes lamina rara externa to ftracture and the problem that comes off, structure load-bearing quake-resistant safety and the factory and make the problems such as the higher i.e. sexual valence ratio of cost of a building and be not well solved of founding a capital, therefore higher level technological innovation is needed to support the rapid and healthy of housing industrialization.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is not enough for prior art, propose a kind of rational in infrastructure and be convenient to found the factory and the precast light installed of product easy hoisting transportation rapid construction is high-strength, insulation, heat insulation wall, the construction method of wallboard and precast wall body, wallboard and floor and production method thereof.
The present invention is one of technical scheme solving the problems of the technologies described above proposition: a kind of precast wall body, comprise the reinforcing cage being located at floor place, described reinforcing cage comprises lengthways main steel bar and is fixed on the stirrup on main muscle, the external surface of described reinforcing cage is fixed with the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board, the positioning steel tube being provided with spacing ring in described reinforcing cage and extending along described main muscle length direction, positioning steel tube is located in spacing ring, positioning steel tube in upper floor place reinforcing cage is connected with positioning pipe sleeve mutually with between the positioning steel tube in lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage, by being welded and fixed between upper floor place reinforcing cage and the mutual main muscle docked of lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage, the concrete having cast in situs is solidified in described reinforcing cage and in the pore of positioning steel tube.
The present invention is two of the technical scheme solving the problems of the technologies described above proposition: a kind of construction method preparing precast wall body, comprises the following steps:
1) precast reinforced cage in the factory: described reinforcing cage comprises main muscle and is fixed on the stirrup on main muscle, the external surface of described reinforcing cage is fixed with the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board, the positioning steel tube being equipped with spacing ring in described reinforcing cage and extending along described main muscle length direction, described positioning steel tube is located in spacing ring;
2) reinforcing cage is at the in-site installation at every floor layer place: reinforcing cage at lower floor place installs fixing concreting and after solidifying, positioning steel tube in This floor place reinforcing cage is located, by being welded and fixed between This floor place reinforcing cage and the mutual main muscle docked of lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage with positioning pipe sleeve tenon slotting connection mutually with between the positioning steel tube in lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage;
3) body of wall of This floor is built: concrete pumping is noted jolt ramming and be fixed with on the external surface at This floor place in the reinforcing cage of the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board and the pore of positioning steel tube, form reinforcing cage concrete column after concrete setting.
Working mechanism and the beneficial effect of precast wall body disclosed in the invention described above and construction method technical scheme thereof are presented below:
The embodiment of the present invention is by being provided with the reinforcing cage of locating tubing string prefabricated in the factory, utilize the quick tenon of positioning steel tube to insert abutting joint reinforcing cage in building site simultaneously, reinforcing cage at lower floor place installs fixing concreting and after solidifying, positioning steel tube in This floor place reinforcing cage also injects concrete with being mutually connected to be positioned in pore with positioning pipe sleeve between the positioning steel tube in lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage, by being welded and fixed between This floor place reinforcing cage and the mutual main muscle docked of lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage, the standard component of prefabricated units can be realized, steady quality is reliable, eliminate in construction and prop up, the man-hour of folding external scaffolding and various template and cost, the making in site cast-in-place shear wall body in construction work can be made, 80% of engineering time changes batch production Prefabrication into, thus the field operation time made is reduced to 20%, speed of application improves several times.
The improvement of one of technique scheme is: described precast wall body comprises prefabricated panel, between two adjacent reinforcing bar cage concrete columns that described prefabricated panel is formed after being located at reinforcing cage concreting, the two block concrete panels arranged before and after described prefabricated panel comprises, be fixed with location steel tubing string between two block concrete panels and be filled with the adiabator layer that knot is stained with by cement based cementitious matter, two block concrete panels and adiabator layer link fixing by connecting pin; The collar tie beam steel pipe being fixed on described positioning steel tube capital end is provided with in each prefabricated panel, described collar tie beam steel pipe is provided with perforation, described location steel tubing string upper end does not exceed prefabricated panel plate body, and described location steel tubing string lower end is stretched out prefabricated panel plate body and inserted by the perforation tenon of collar tie beam steel pipe in the steel pipe hole of the location steel tubing string in the adjacent prefabricated panel in below.
The further improvement of one of technique scheme is: the bottom of upper floor place reinforcing cage inner position steel pipe is inserted in the positioning pipe sleeve on lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage inner position steel pipe top or is threaded and is fixed in positioning pipe sleeve.
The further improvement of one of technique scheme is: upper floor place reinforcing cage external surface and the gap of welding between the main muscle be provided with between the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board on lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage external surface for mutually docking.
Improving further again of one of technique scheme is: the mutual docking termination of the mutual main muscle docked of upper floor place reinforcing cage and lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage has the interval of 50-100mm, and docking termination is provided with stirrup mutually.
The change of technique scheme two is: further comprising the steps of after described step 3):
4) prefabricated panel is provided with between every floor layer place adjacent reinforcing bar cage concrete column or code builds the body of wall being equipped with fireproof heat insulating brick and making, the ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage being fixed with the second disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board is provided with above described wallboard or body of wall, described ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage two ends and adjacent reinforced concrete column are fixed by bar splicing, described ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage is shelved with prefabricated floor steel bar mesh sheet, described floor steel bar mesh sheet bottom surface is provided with the 3rd disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board, in ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage and floor steel bar mesh sheet second, pumping note vibrated concrete in 3rd template also solidifies, successively repeatedly.
The present invention is three of the technical scheme solving the problems of the technologies described above proposition: a kind of prefabricated panel, the two block concrete panels arranged before and after comprising, be fixed with location steel tubing string between two block concrete panels and be filled with the adiabator layer that knot is stained with by cement based cementitious matter, two block concrete panels and adiabator layer link fixing by connecting pin; The collar tie beam steel pipe being fixed on described positioning steel tube capital end is provided with in each prefabricated panel, described collar tie beam steel pipe is provided with perforation, described location steel tubing string upper end does not exceed prefabricated panel plate body, and described location steel tubing string lower end is stretched out prefabricated panel plate body and inserted by the perforation tenon of collar tie beam steel pipe in the steel pipe hole of the location steel tubing string in the adjacent prefabricated panel in below.
The present invention is four of the technical scheme solving the problems of the technologies described above proposition: a kind of construction method preparing precast wall body, comprises the following steps:
1) prefabricated panel in the factory: the two block concrete panels arranged before and after described prefabricated panel comprises, be fixed with location steel tubing string between two block concrete panels and be filled with adiabator layer, two block concrete panels and adiabator layer link fixing by connecting pin; Described location steel tubing string upper end does not exceed prefabricated panel plate body, and described location steel tubing string lower end stretches out prefabricated panel plate body and tenon inserts in the perforation of collar tie beam steel pipe in the adjacent prefabricated panel in below or the steel pipe hole of location steel tubing string;
2) building site of prefabricated panel is installed: on ground, make basal layer, sleeve pipe is embedded in basal layer, described sleeve pipe is corresponding with the location steel tubing string in consecutive first layer prefabricated panel to be arranged, lift the every block prefabricated panel in first floor respectively, be inserted in described pipe box to make the location steel tubing string tenon of the every block prefabricated panel in first floor, location steel tubing string upper end retainer plate joist steel pipe in each wallboard of first floor, collar tie beam steel pipe is provided with perforation, then, every block prefabricated panel in the second layer that lifting is adjacent with first floor respectively, insert in the steel pipe hole of the location steel tubing string of first floor prefabricated panel with the perforation tenon making the location steel tubing string lower end of the every block prefabricated panel in the second layer be preset by below collar tie beam steel pipe.
Working mechanism and the beneficial effect of prefabricated panel disclosed in the invention described above and construction method technical scheme thereof are presented below: by two block concrete panels, (slim non-bearing is used, only 15-50mm is thick) between be fixed with the location steel tubing string steel pipe concrete of load-bearing (combination) and be filled with the adiabator layer being stained with knot by cement based cementitious materials, two block concrete panels and adiabator layer connect pin by light aggregate high-strength (mixing fiber) concrete and link fixing; The collar tie beam steel pipe being fixed on positioning steel tube capital end is provided with after each prefabricated panel is installed, collar tie beam steel pipe is provided with perforation, described location steel tubing string upper end does not exceed prefabricated panel plate body, described location steel tubing string lower end is stretched out prefabricated panel plate body and is inserted by the perforation tenon of collar tie beam steel pipe in the steel pipe hole of the location steel tubing string in the adjacent prefabricated panel in below and injects concrete in pumping, heat-insulation wall plate and heat preservation floor slab can be installed fast, and insert in overall concrete filled steel tubular column beam combination after location and installation through concrete filled steel tubular column group tenon, safe and reliable.
One of change of technique scheme three is: the tube wall of described location steel tubing string and collar tie beam steel pipe is provided with to squeeze and leaks concrete slurry hole, and the outer wall of described location steel tubing string and collar tie beam steel pipe also can be wrapped up by gauze wire cloth circle concrete slurry.
Two of the change of technique scheme three is: described collar tie beam perforating steel pipe place is provided with stiffener, and described stiffener is provided with can the buckle of buckle mutually with steel tubular beam end in adjacent precast floor slab.
Three of the change of technique scheme three is: described prefabricated panel and be equipped with heat radiation dehumidifier air flue hole on the first heat insulation formwork of wall face, and described heat radiation dehumidifier air flue hole is positioned at the avris place of the concrete slab be located at outside concrete slab outside prefabricated panel and adiabator layer junction and prefabricated panel.
The change of technique scheme four is: described step 2) further comprising the steps of afterwards:
3) collar tie beam steel pipe and steel tubular beam end in adjacent precast floor slab in every layer of prefabricated panel after installing are by can the mutual hook of buckle of buckle mutually also to weld or riveting pin is fixed.
The present invention is five of the technical scheme solving the problems of the technologies described above proposition: a kind of production method preparing prefabricated panel, comprises the following steps:
1) round brush cleaning is located at the plate body shaping mould of the wallboard on kiln car, changes or clean with water the counterdie liner of the plate body shaping mould of silica gel or resin sheet;
2) Ba of the bottom surface concrete slab in two block concrete panels establishes the laying with steel tubular beam in location steel tubing string or floor: lay steel grid sheet and location steel tubing string in bottom surface concrete slab, and in the multiple tracks steel ring that location steel tubing string is provided with by steel pipe post jamb and bottom surface concrete slab, steel grid sheet is connected and fixed;
3) temporary is inserted in the material feeding pipe support of plate body connection light aggregate concrete pin, quantitative many note Ba round floor board concrete slurries;
4) surely measure Ba establish and to shake flat adiabator layer in upper mold pressing, pin material receiving pipe hole is quantitatively tamped to pin molding mass and withdrawn pipe support simultaneously;
5) the facing concrete Ban Ba in two block concrete panels establishes: Ba to establish reinforced mesh in facing concrete plate;
6) Liang of Dinging Zhu Ba facing concrete slurry;
7) kiln car pushing tow is served first elevating stage in kiln road by stepping,
8) the kiln car track of multilayer curing kilns sent into by elevating stage by pre-set programs layering;
9) the kiln car exit on Yao Dao opposite is provided with and is received and the second elevating stage pushed up back by kiln car, described second elevating stage receives in kiln car and mould and drops to bottom after product and by the workshop before it Ding Huiyao road, when kiln car steps to the 3rd elevating stage place in workshop, kiln front end, the 3rd elevating stage one deck that hoisted by kiln car simultaneously ejects product framed by the lifting body be located in the 3rd elevating stage through bed die, transfers pile by top grasping mechanism.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the precast wall body of the embodiment of the present invention one.
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the internal construction schematic diagram of the precast wall body of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the front view of the prefabricated panel of the embodiment of the present invention two.
Fig. 5 is the top view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the left view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is the stereogram of Fig. 4.
Fig. 8 is the assembly structure schematic diagram one of Fig. 4.
Fig. 9 is the assembly structure schematic diagram two of Fig. 4.
Figure 10 is the left view of Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is the A place partial schematic diagram of Figure 10.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one
The precast wall body of the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, comprises the reinforcing cage being located at floor place.The stirrup 2 that reinforcing cage comprises lengthways main steel bar 1 and is fixed on main muscle, the external surface of reinforcing cage is fixed with the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board 3.The positioning steel tube 5 being provided with spacing ring 4 in reinforcing cage and extending along main muscle 1 length direction.
Positioning steel tube 5 is located in spacing ring 4, positioning steel tube 5 in upper floor place reinforcing cage is connected with positioning pipe sleeve mutually with between the positioning steel tube 5 in lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage, by being welded and fixed between upper floor place reinforcing cage and the mutual main muscle 1 docked of lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage, in reinforcing cage and in the pore of positioning steel tube, solidify the concrete having cast in situs.
The precast wall body of the present embodiment comprises prefabricated panel.Between two adjacent reinforcing bar cage concrete columns that prefabricated panel is formed after being located at reinforcing cage concreting.The two block concrete panels 6 arranged before and after prefabricated panel comprises, be fixed with location steel tubing string 7 between two block concrete panels 6 and be filled with cement based cementitious matter and be stained with adiabator layer 8, the two block concrete panel 6 of knot and adiabator layer 8 links fixing by connection pin 9.Pin 9 adopts light aggregate to mix fibrous concrete pin.
The collar tie beam steel pipe 10 being fixed on location steel tubing string 7 top is provided with in each prefabricated panel, collar tie beam steel pipe 10 is provided with perforation, location steel tubing string 7 upper end does not exceed prefabricated panel plate body, and location steel tubing string 7 lower end is stretched out prefabricated panel plate body and inserted by the perforation tenon of collar tie beam steel pipe 10 in the steel pipe hole of the location steel tubing string in the adjacent prefabricated panel in below.Collar tie beam steel pipe 10 is after prefabricated panel assembling, in-site installation location steel tubing string 7 top in prefabricated panel.
The bottom of the upper floor place reinforcing cage inner position steel pipe 5 of the present embodiment is inserted in the positioning pipe sleeve on lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage inner position steel pipe 5 top or is threaded and is fixed in positioning pipe sleeve.
Upper floor place reinforcing cage external surface and the gap of welding between the main muscle be provided with between the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board 3 on lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage external surface for mutually docking of the present embodiment.
The mutual docking termination of the upper floor place reinforcing cage of the present embodiment and the mutual main muscle 1 docked of lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage has the interval of 50-100mm, and docking termination is provided with stirrup mutually.The mutual docking termination of the main muscle 1 of the mutual docking of upper floor place reinforcing cage and lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage is made as length interval, misplace 50-100mm stirrup together with respectively establishing at brachycephaly place, when the main muscle of lower floor's reinforcing cage section of being stretched borrows hoop guiding docking, each main muscle and two stirrup corresponding contact also weld.
First disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board 3 of the present embodiment is by connecting pin and convex section thereof through heat insulation formwork plate body and being fixed on reinforcing cage (shear wall) external surface through steel tie etc. wherein.Strengthen pin to contact three material layers on the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board 3 and outstanding inwall 15-50mm, the light aggregate concrete pin in every square of nearly 3-15 diameter about 60mm hangs insulation plate body, makes it the same life-span with shear wall.
A kind of construction method preparing precast wall body of the present embodiment, comprises the following steps:
1) precast reinforced cage in the factory: the stirrup 2 that reinforcing cage comprises main muscle 1 and is fixed on main muscle, the external surface of reinforcing cage is fixed with the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board 3, the positioning steel tube 5 being provided with spacing ring 4 in reinforcing cage and extending along main muscle 1 length direction, positioning steel tube 5 is located in spacing ring 4;
2) reinforcing cage is at the in-site installation at every floor layer place: reinforcing cage at lower floor place installs fixing concreting and after solidifying, positioning steel tube 5 in This floor place reinforcing cage is located, by being welded and fixed between This floor place reinforcing cage and the mutual main muscle 1 docked of lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage with positioning pipe sleeve tenon slotting connection mutually with between the positioning steel tube 5 in lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage;
3) body of wall of This floor is built: concrete pumping is noted jolt ramming and be fixed with on the external surface at This floor place in the reinforcing cage of the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board 3 and the pore of positioning steel tube, form reinforcing cage concrete column after concrete setting.
Further comprising the steps of after a kind of step 3) prepared in the construction method of precast wall body of the present embodiment:
4) prefabricated panel is provided with between every floor layer place adjacent reinforcing bar cage concrete column or code builds the body of wall being equipped with fireproof heat insulating brick and making, the ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage being fixed with the second disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board is provided with above described wallboard or body of wall, described ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage two ends and adjacent reinforced concrete column are fixed by bar splicing, described ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage is shelved with prefabricated floor steel bar mesh sheet, described floor steel bar mesh sheet bottom surface is provided with the 3rd disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board, in ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage and floor steel bar mesh sheet second, pumping note vibrated concrete in 3rd template also solidifies, successively repeatedly.
The prefabricated heat preservation floor slab of reinforcing bar that maybe can arrange cast-in-place walls plate above every layer of reinforced concrete circle beam is mutually fastened by the steel tube concrete beam two end hook of about φ 80*8mm wall thickness in the floor being located at adjacent docking and is welded and is fixedly connected with; Can be also the heat-insulation wall plate of skeleton in order to thicker location tubing string be entirely that main rapid-assembling becomes light shock-proof energy-saving house with the steel pipe collar tie beam of tape punching and heat preservation floor slab.
Before fireproof heat insulating brick in the present embodiment assembling infilled wall comprises and is stacked setting successively, in and rear panel body, anter body and rear panel body are oppositely arranged, one half portion in anter body and rear panel body clamping median plate body portion also forms the groove for engaging adjacent fireproof heat insulating brick, another half portion in median plate body portion stretches out anter body and the rear panel body place also tenon of formation for snapping in adjacent fireproof heat insulating frog, each body is all shaped with the cavity of its sheet body top and bottom through, each cavity all extends to the right-hand member of this sheet body along the length direction of its place sheet body from the left end of this sheet body, insulation sheet is clamped with in each cavity.Scribble≤3mm bonding mucilage between adjacent fireproof heat insulating brick, precast wall body scribbles≤5mm surface layer.
Embodiment two
The prefabricated panel of the present embodiment, it is the improvement on embodiment one basis, as shown in Fig. 4 to Figure 11, with embodiment one unlike: be fixed with location steel tubing string 7 and be filled with the adiabator layer 8 that knot is stained with by cement based cementitious matter between two block concrete panel 6, the two block concrete panels 6 that arrange before and after comprising.Two blocks of mixed face cob wall plates 6 and adiabator layer 8 link fixing by connection pin 9.
The collar tie beam steel pipe 10 being fixed on location steel tubing string 7 top is provided with in each prefabricated panel, collar tie beam steel pipe 10 is provided with perforation, location steel tubing string 7 upper end does not exceed prefabricated panel plate body, and location steel tubing string 7 lower end is stretched out prefabricated panel plate body and inserted by the perforation tenon of collar tie beam steel pipe 10 in the steel pipe hole of the location steel tubing string 7 in the adjacent prefabricated panel in below.The two block concrete panels 6 of the present embodiment, adiabator layer 8 adopts the heat insulating material of cement based, and fibrous concrete pin mixed by the light aggregate that pin 9 adopts diameter to be about φ 60, to make the same life-span.Collar tie beam steel pipe 10 is after prefabricated panel assembling, in-site installation location steel tubing string 7 top in prefabricated panel.
In the location steel tubing string 7 of the present embodiment and collar tie beam steel pipe 10 and precast floor slab, the tube wall of steel tubular beam is provided with to squeeze and leaks concrete slurry hole, and the outer wall of location steel tubing string 7 and collar tie beam steel pipe 10 also can be wrapped up by gauze wire cloth circle concrete slurry.
Collar tie beam steel pipe 10 perforation place of the present embodiment is provided with stiffener, and stiffener is provided with can the buckle 11 of buckle mutually with steel tubular beam end in adjacent precast floor slab.
The prefabricated panel of the present embodiment and be equipped with heat radiation dehumidifier air flue hole on the first heat insulation formwork of wall face, heat radiation dehumidifier air flue hole is positioned at the avris place of the concrete slab 6 be located at outside concrete slab 6 outside prefabricated panel and adiabator layer 8 junction and prefabricated panel.
A kind of construction method preparing precast wall body of the present embodiment, comprises the following steps:
1) prefabricated panel in the factory: the slim non-bearing of two block concrete panel 6(arranged before and after prefabricated panel comprises), be fixed with location steel tubing string 7 between two block concrete panels 6 and be filled with adiabator layer 8.Two block concrete panels 3 and adiabator layer 8 link fixing by connection pin 9;
Location steel tubing string 7 upper end does not exceed prefabricated panel plate body, and location steel tubing string 7 lower end stretches out prefabricated panel plate body and tenon inserts in the perforation of collar tie beam steel pipe 10 on the adjacent prefabricated panel in below or the steel pipe hole of location steel tubing string 7;
2) building site of prefabricated panel is installed: on ground, make basal layer, sleeve pipe is embedded in basal layer, sleeve pipe is corresponding with the location steel tubing string 7 in consecutive first layer prefabricated panel to be arranged, lift the every block prefabricated panel in first floor respectively, be inserted in pipe box to make location steel tubing string 7 tenon of the every block prefabricated panel in first floor, location steel tubing string 7 upper end retainer plate joist steel pipe 10 in each wallboard of first floor, collar tie beam steel pipe 10 is provided with perforation, then, every block prefabricated panel in the second layer that lifting is adjacent with first floor respectively, insert in the steel pipe hole of the location steel tubing string 7 of first floor prefabricated panel with the perforation tenon making location steel tubing string 7 lower end of the every block prefabricated panel in the second layer be preset by below collar tie beam steel pipe 10.
Then in the pore of the location steel tubing string 7 of first, second layer of wallboard and the pore of collar tie beam steel pipe 10, note compacted concrete and make part concrete extrusion tube wall preset the mud that leaks and be wrapped in location steel tubing string 7, collar tie beam steel pipe 10 periphery, and in floor and collar tie beam wallboard reserving gaps ..., successively circulate.
A kind of step 2 prepared in the construction method of precast wall body of the present embodiment) further comprising the steps of afterwards:
3) collar tie beam steel pipe 10 and steel tubular beam end in adjacent precast floor slab in every layer of prefabricated panel after installing are by can the mutual hook of buckle 11 of buckle mutually also to weld or riveting pin is fixed.
A kind of production method preparing prefabricated panel or floor of the present embodiment, comprises the following steps:
1) round brush cleaning is located at the plate body shaping mould of the wallboard on kiln car, changes or clean with water the counterdie liner of the plate body shaping mould of silica gel or resin sheet;
2) Ba of the bottom surface concrete slab in two block concrete panels 6 establishes the laying with steel tubular beam in location steel tubing string 7 or floor: lay steel grid sheet and location steel tubing string 7 in bottom surface concrete slab, and in the multiple tracks steel ring that location steel tubing string 7 is provided with by steel pipe post jamb and bottom surface concrete slab, steel grid sheet is connected and fixed;
3) temporary is inserted in the material feeding pipe support of plate body connection light aggregate concrete pin 9, quantitative many note Ba round floor board concrete slurries;
4) surely measure Ba establish and to shake flat adiabator layer in upper mold pressing, pin 9 material feeding pore is quantitatively tamped to pin molding mass and withdraws pipe support simultaneously;
5) the facing concrete plate 6 Ba in two block concrete panels establishes: Ba to establish reinforced mesh in facing concrete plate;
6) Liang of Dinging Zhu Ba facing concrete slurry;
7) kiln car pushing tow is served first elevating stage in hydrothermal curing kiln road by stepping,
8) the kiln car track of closed (except bottom one or two layers are respectively established that the kiln car of a height about 0.5 meter goes out, import outer all the other kiln roads and kiln car rail frame, entirely with heat insulating material bag shoe) multilayer curing kilns sent into by elevating stage by pre-set programs layering;
9) the kiln car exit on Yao Dao opposite is provided with and is received and the second elevating stage pushed up back by kiln car, described second elevating stage receives in kiln car and mould and drops to bottom after product and by the workshop before it Ding Huiyao road, when kiln car steps to the 3rd elevating stage place in workshop, kiln front end, the 3rd elevating stage one deck that hoisted by kiln car simultaneously ejects product framed by the lifting body be located in the 3rd elevating stage through bed die, transfers pile by top grasping mechanism.
The present invention is not limited to above-described embodiment.All employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacing and being formed, and all drop on the protection domain of application claims.

Claims (14)

1. a precast wall body, comprise the reinforcing cage being located at floor place, described reinforcing cage comprises lengthways main steel bar and is fixed on the stirrup on main muscle, it is characterized in that: the external surface of described reinforcing cage is fixed with the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board, the positioning steel tube being provided with spacing ring in described reinforcing cage and extending along described main muscle length direction, positioning steel tube is located in spacing ring, positioning steel tube in upper floor place reinforcing cage is connected with positioning pipe sleeve mutually with between the positioning steel tube in lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage, by being welded and fixed between upper floor place reinforcing cage and the mutual main muscle docked of lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage, the concrete having cast in situs is solidified in described reinforcing cage and in the pore of positioning steel tube.
2. precast wall body as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described precast wall body comprises prefabricated panel, between two adjacent reinforcing bar cage concrete columns that described prefabricated panel is formed after being located at reinforcing cage concreting, the two block concrete panels arranged before and after described prefabricated panel comprises, be fixed with location steel tubing string between two block concrete panels and be filled with the adiabator layer that knot is stained with by cement based cementitious matter, two block concrete panels and adiabator layer link fixing by connecting pin; The collar tie beam steel pipe being fixed on described positioning steel tube capital end is provided with in each prefabricated panel, described collar tie beam steel pipe is provided with perforation, described location steel tubing string upper end does not exceed prefabricated panel plate body, and described location steel tubing string lower end is stretched out prefabricated panel plate body and inserted by the perforation tenon of collar tie beam steel pipe in the steel pipe hole of the location steel tubing string in the adjacent prefabricated panel in below.
3. precast wall body as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: the bottom of upper floor place reinforcing cage inner position steel pipe is inserted in the positioning pipe sleeve on lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage inner position steel pipe top or is threaded and is fixed in positioning pipe sleeve.
4. precast wall body as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: upper floor place reinforcing cage external surface and the gap of welding between the main muscle be provided with between the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board on lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage external surface for mutually docking.
5. precast wall body as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: the mutual docking termination of the mutual main muscle docked of upper floor place reinforcing cage and lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage has the interval of 50-100mm, and docking termination is provided with stirrup mutually.
6. prepare a construction method for precast wall body as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
1) precast reinforced cage in the factory: described reinforcing cage comprises main muscle and is fixed on the stirrup on main muscle, the external surface of described reinforcing cage is fixed with the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board, the positioning steel tube being equipped with spacing ring in described reinforcing cage and extending along described main muscle length direction, described positioning steel tube is located in spacing ring;
2) reinforcing cage is at the in-site installation at every floor layer place: reinforcing cage at lower floor place installs fixing concreting and after solidifying, positioning steel tube in This floor place reinforcing cage is located, by being welded and fixed between This floor place reinforcing cage and the mutual main muscle docked of lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage with positioning pipe sleeve tenon slotting connection mutually with between the positioning steel tube in lower floor adjacent reinforcing cage;
3) body of wall of This floor is built: concrete pumping is noted jolt ramming and be fixed with on the external surface at This floor place in the reinforcing cage of the first disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board and the pore of positioning steel tube, form reinforcing cage concrete column after concrete setting.
7. the construction method of precast wall body as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: further comprising the steps of after described step 3):
4) prefabricated panel is provided with between every floor layer place adjacent reinforcing bar cage concrete column or code builds the body of wall being equipped with fireproof heat insulating brick and making, the ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage being fixed with the second disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board is provided with above described wallboard or body of wall, described ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage two ends and adjacent reinforced concrete column are fixed by bar splicing, described ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage is shelved with prefabricated floor steel bar mesh sheet, described floor steel bar mesh sheet bottom surface is provided with the 3rd disassembly-free thermal-insulation form board, in ring beam reinforcing steel bar cage and floor steel bar mesh sheet second, pumping note vibrated concrete in 3rd template also solidifies, successively repeatedly.
8. a prefabricated panel, the two block concrete panels arranged before and after comprising, it is characterized in that: be fixed with location steel tubing string between two block concrete panels and be filled with the adiabator layer that knot is stained with by cement based cementitious matter, two block concrete panels and adiabator layer link fixing by connecting pin; The collar tie beam steel pipe being fixed on described positioning steel tube capital end is provided with in each prefabricated panel, described collar tie beam steel pipe is provided with perforation, described location steel tubing string upper end does not exceed prefabricated panel plate body, and described location steel tubing string lower end is stretched out prefabricated panel plate body and inserted by the perforation tenon of collar tie beam steel pipe in the steel pipe hole of the location steel tubing string in the adjacent prefabricated panel in below.
9. prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that: the tube wall of described location steel tubing string and collar tie beam steel pipe is provided with to squeeze and leaks concrete slurry hole, and the outer wall of described location steel tubing string and collar tie beam steel pipe is wrapped up by gauze wire cloth circle concrete slurry.
10. prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that: described collar tie beam perforating steel pipe place is provided with stiffener, and described stiffener is provided with can the buckle of buckle mutually with steel tubular beam end in adjacent precast floor slab.
11. prefabricated panels as claimed in claim 10, it is characterized in that: described prefabricated panel and be equipped with heat radiation dehumidifier air flue hole on the first heat insulation formwork of wall face, described heat radiation dehumidifier air flue hole is positioned at the avris place of the concrete slab be located at outside concrete slab outside prefabricated panel and adiabator layer junction and prefabricated panel.
12. 1 kinds of construction methods adopting prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 8 to prepare precast wall body, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
1) prefabricated panel in the factory: the two block concrete panels arranged before and after described prefabricated panel comprises, be fixed with location steel tubing string between two block concrete panels and be filled with adiabator layer, two block concrete panels and adiabator layer link fixing by connecting pin; Described location steel tubing string upper end does not exceed prefabricated panel plate body, and described location steel tubing string lower end stretches out prefabricated panel plate body and tenon inserts in the perforation of collar tie beam steel pipe in the adjacent prefabricated panel in below or the steel pipe hole of location steel tubing string;
2) building site of prefabricated panel is installed: on ground, make basal layer, sleeve pipe is embedded in basal layer, described sleeve pipe is corresponding with the location steel tubing string in consecutive first layer prefabricated panel to be arranged, lift the every block prefabricated panel in first floor respectively, be inserted in described pipe box to make the location steel tubing string tenon of the every block prefabricated panel in first floor, location steel tubing string upper end retainer plate joist steel pipe in each wallboard of first floor, collar tie beam steel pipe is provided with perforation, then, every block prefabricated panel in the second layer that lifting is adjacent with first floor respectively, insert in the steel pipe hole of the location steel tubing string of first floor prefabricated panel with the perforation tenon making the location steel tubing string lower end of the every block prefabricated panel in the second layer be preset by below collar tie beam steel pipe.
13. construction methods preparing precast wall body as claimed in claim 12, is characterized in that: described step 2) further comprising the steps of afterwards:
3) collar tie beam steel pipe and steel tubular beam end in adjacent precast floor slab in every layer of prefabricated panel after installing are by can the mutual hook of buckle of buckle mutually also to weld or riveting pin is fixed.
14. 1 kinds of production methods preparing prefabricated panel as claimed in claim 8, comprise the following steps:
1) round brush cleaning is located at the plate body shaping mould of the wallboard on kiln car, changes or clean with water the counterdie liner of the plate body shaping mould of silica gel or resin sheet;
2) Ba of the bottom surface concrete slab in two block concrete panels establishes the laying with steel tubular beam in location steel tubing string or floor: lay steel grid sheet and location steel tubing string in bottom surface concrete slab, and in the multiple tracks steel ring that location steel tubing string is provided with by steel pipe post jamb and bottom surface concrete slab, steel grid sheet is connected and fixed;
3) temporary is inserted in the material feeding pipe support of plate body connection light aggregate concrete pin, quantitative many note Ba round floor board concrete slurries;
4) surely measure Ba establish and to shake flat adiabator layer in upper mold pressing, pin material receiving pipe hole is quantitatively tamped to pin molding mass and withdrawn pipe support simultaneously;
5) the facing concrete Ban Ba in two block concrete panels establishes: Ba to establish reinforced mesh in facing concrete plate;
6) Liang of Dinging Zhu Ba facing concrete slurry;
7) kiln car pushing tow is served first elevating stage in kiln road by stepping,
8) the kiln car track of multilayer curing kilns sent into by elevating stage by pre-set programs layering;
9) the kiln car exit on Yao Dao opposite is provided with and is received and the second elevating stage pushed up back by kiln car, described second elevating stage receives in kiln car and mould and drops to bottom after product and by the workshop before it Ding Huiyao road, when kiln car steps to the 3rd elevating stage place in workshop, kiln front end, the 3rd elevating stage one deck that hoisted by kiln car simultaneously ejects product framed by the lifting body be located in the 3rd elevating stage through bed die, transfers pile by top grasping mechanism.
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