CN105557439A - Moringa oleifera seedling culturing method - Google Patents

Moringa oleifera seedling culturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105557439A
CN105557439A CN201610050370.5A CN201610050370A CN105557439A CN 105557439 A CN105557439 A CN 105557439A CN 201610050370 A CN201610050370 A CN 201610050370A CN 105557439 A CN105557439 A CN 105557439A
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soil
furrow
fertilizer
seedling
moringa
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CN201610050370.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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黄振忠
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The invention discloses a moringa oleifera seedling culturing method and belongs to the technical field of forest-tree cultivation. The problem that when moringa oleifera artificial afforestation is carried out, no seedlings exist is effectively solved. The method specifically includes the eight steps of nursery field selection, soil preparation, base fertilizer applying, soil sterilization, sowing, shading, weeding and fertilizer application. The method has the advantages that seedlings are cultured and cultivated, moringa oleifera cultivation can be performed on a large area, industrialization is achieved, the seed germination rate reaches 95% or above, the percentage of seedling emergency reaches 90% or above, the seedling stage is 9-12 months, the average height reaches 50 cm or above, and moringa oleifera seedlings can be taken out of a nursery garden and transplanted to mountains for afforestation.

Description

A kind of Moringa seedling-cultivating method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of forest cultivation technology, be specifically related to a kind of method of Moringa seedling growing process, belong to afforestation technology field.
Background technology
Moringa tree (Classification system: moringatreeoleiferalamarch, English name: moringatree), set also known as drumstick, horseradish is set, belong to Capparales Moringaceae, Moringa, for perennial evergreen dungarunga is to megaphanerophyte, about there are 14 kinds in the whole world, comparatively normal edible kind has following three kinds at present: India's tradition Moringa (MoringaoleiferaLam.), India's improvement kind of Moringa (improvement kind of T.N. agriculture university of India, early give birth to and tool high pod yield) and African Moringa (former originates near Kenya's Turkana Lake and Ethiopia west and south).
Record according to Baidupedia, Moringa is the most nutritious tree in the world, it comprises about 20 seed amino acids, 46 kinds of antioxidants, anti-inflammatory compound, be rich in abundant trace elements K, manganese, chromium, and arginine, lysine, leucine, phenyl alanine etc., vitamin A is provided, Cobastab, B1, B2, B3, B6, vitamin C (ascorbic acid), vitamin E and macroscopical mineral matter, trace element, good protein and dietary fiber are provided, calcareous contained by leaf of Moringa is 4 times of milk, protein is 2 times of milk, potassium is 3 times of banana, iron is 3 times of spinach, vitamin C is 7 times of oranges and tangerines, vitamin A (bata-carotene) is 4 times of carrot, vitamin E is 70 times and 40 times of spirulina and analysis for soybean powder respectively.Moringa has " miracle tree ", the title of " mother's ace buddy " and " medical treasure case ".The milk of the poor is called as in Africa; In India, be the food materials medicinal material of people's longevity, Moringa tree is all precious from head to foot, has had the edible history of more than one thousand years, is one of seeds of the more ancient dietotherapeutic of the mankind.Moringa is the plant that simultaneously can provide grain and biofuel uniquely known in the world at present, be called as " hang milk " in the tree, " long skyborne vegetables ", natural health plant that Moringa tree is rated as a kind of general-purpose mystery, be described as the tree of miracle by plant expert.
Due to the magical nutritive value of Moringa, purposes is wide, and economic worth is high, is a kind of worth development " Bao Shu ", impels people to develop Moringa artificial afforestration one after another, and carry out Moringa artificial afforestration, first will solve Moringa nursery stock problem.
Summary of the invention
goal of the invention: the object of the invention is for problems of the prior art, provide a kind of Moringa seedling-cultivating method, percentage of seedgermination reaches more than 95%, and planting percent reaches more than 90%.
technical scheme: Moringa seedling-cultivating method of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
1. nursery lot is selected: select the gradient to be less than 15 degree, soil layer is deep, and the soil is porous, leeward, and short, traffic at sunshine, irrigation, draining are local easily.
2. wholely: nursery lot want careful wholely, first ground weeds shrub is cut down to dry and burnouts, carry out deep-cutting digging, the degree of depth reaches 35 ~ 40 centimetres, remove tree head grass roots, through weathering after a while, then dig once before sowing, break up the clods, make soil fully in small, broken bits, then laterally play furrow along contour, furrow face width 80 ~ 100 centimetres, high 10 ~ 15 centimetres, furrow furrow width 20 ~ 30 centimetres.
3, apply fertilizer to the subsoil: rise after good furrow, mu applies fertilizer to the subsoil 3000 ~ 3500 kilograms, and base fertilizer is the decomposed manure material of 85% ~ 90%, and the phosphorus potash fertilizer of 10% ~ 15% and trace element fertilizer fully mix, and evenly removes on furrow face, after plough under in soil.
4. soil disinfection: before sowing, carry out soil disinfection with the potassium permanganate liquid of 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 200 times of liquid or 0.2%, medicine liquid spray is to dark 5 ~ 10 ㎝ of soil layer.
5, sow: adopt bar broadcast mode, first on furrow face, hold seed furrow successfully, ditch, apart from 10 ~ 15 ㎝, to select Moringa seed uniform broadcasting under calm condition in seed furrow afterwards, covers one deck fine earth, broadcasts rear sprayer and water trickle mist.
6, shelter from heat or light: Moringa is afraid of to burn day at Seedling Stage, and need certain sheltering from heat or light, just can guarantee nursery stock normal growth, therefore, after seedling all sprouts, take cool canopy in time and shade, the light transmittance of sunshade net is advisable with 30% ~ 40%, the outplanting previous moon removes the thing that shades.
7, weeding: select to carry out uprooting weed after rain or after irrigating, for when preventing from dialling grass, sapling loosens or is taken up, weeds are transferred to by the nursery stock surrounding soil that press...withes one's finger again, and the recessed fine earth in hole stayed by grass roots is filled and led up, have loosening nursery stock in time by soil by being tight compact.
8, apply fertilizer: at the growth of seedling initial stage, execute the mixing fertilizer of the low nitrogen of high phosphorus once, nitrogen phosphoris and potassium fertilizer ratio, with 1:3:1, executes phosphorus potash fertilizer for 2 ~ 3 months 1 time, to promote nursery stock lignification before going out garden.
beneficial effect: compared with prior art, its beneficial effect is in the present invention:
The present invention adopts growing nursery and culture, can large area development cultivating Moringa oleifera, and form industrialization, percentage of seedgermination reaches more than 95%, and planting percent reaches more than 90%, 9 ~ 12 months seedling stages, on average up to more than 50 centimetres, can go out garden and to go up a hill afforestation.
Embodiment
There is provided two specifically to implement example to be below described in detail to technical solution of the present invention.
Embodiment 1: a kind of Moringa seedling-cultivating method, concrete steps are as follows:
1, nursery lot is selected: select the gradient 12 degree, topsoil is thick reaches 35 ~ 38 ㎝, and the soil is porous, leeward, and 3.5 hours average sunshine, traffic, irrigation, draining easily place are nursery lot.
2. wholely: first ground weeds shrub is cut down to dry and burnout, carry out deep-cutting digging, the degree of depth reaches 35 centimetres, removes tree head grass roots, through weathering after a while, dig once before sowing again, break up the clods, make soil fully in small, broken bits, then laterally furrow are played along contour, furrow face width 80 centimetres, high 10 centimetres, furrow furrow width 20 centimetres.
3, apply fertilizer to the subsoil: rise after good furrow, mu applies fertilizer to the subsoil 3000 kilograms, and base fertilizer is the decomposed manure material of 85% ~ 90%, and the phosphorus potash fertilizer of 10% ~ 15% and trace element fertilizer fully mix, and evenly removes on furrow face, after plough under in soil.
4. soil disinfection: before sowing, carries out soil disinfection with 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 200 times of liquid, and medicine liquid spray is to dark 5 ㎝ of soil layer.
5, sow: adopt bar broadcast mode, first on furrow face, hold seed furrow successfully, ditch, apart from 10 ㎝, to select Moringa seed uniform broadcasting under calm condition in seed furrow afterwards, covers one deck fine earth, broadcasts rear sprayer and water trickle mist.
6, shelter from heat or light: after seedling all sprouts, take cool canopy in time and shade, the light transmittance of sunshade net is 30% ~ 35%, and the outplanting previous moon removes the thing that shades.
7, weeding: select to carry out uprooting weed after rain or after irrigating, weeds are transferred to by the nursery stock surrounding soil that press...withes one's finger again, and the recessed fine earth in hole stayed by grass roots is filled and led up, have loosening nursery stock in time by soil by being tight compact.
8, apply fertilizer: at the growth of seedling initial stage, execute the mixing fertilizer of the low nitrogen of high phosphorus once, nitrogen phosphoris and potassium fertilizer ratio is 1:3:1, within first 2 months, executes phosphorus potash fertilizer 1 time, to promote nursery stock lignification to going out garden.
This time nursery, in mid-November, 2014 is sowed, and start garden in October, 2015 and to go up a hill afforestation, percentage of seedgermination reaches 96.7%, and planting percent reaches 92.2%, 11 months seedling stages, on average up to 52 centimetres.
embodiment 2: a kind of Moringa seedling-cultivating method, comprises following concrete steps:
1. nursery lot is selected: select the gradient to be less than 15 degree, soil layer is deep, and the soil is porous, leeward, and short, traffic at sunshine, irrigation, draining are local easily.
2. wholely: first ground weeds shrub is cut down to dry and burnout, carry out deep-cutting digging, the degree of depth reaches 40 centimetres, removes tree head grass roots, through weathering after a while, dig once before sowing again, break up the clods, make soil fully in small, broken bits, then laterally furrow are played along contour, furrow face width 100 centimetres, high 15 centimetres, furrow furrow width 30 centimetres.
3, apply fertilizer to the subsoil: rise after good furrow, mu applies fertilizer to the subsoil 3500 kilograms, and base fertilizer is the decomposed manure material of 90%, and the phosphorus potash fertilizer of 10% and trace element fertilizer fully mix, and evenly removes on furrow face, after plough under in soil.
4. soil disinfection: before sowing, the potassium permanganate liquid with 0.2% carries out soil disinfection, and medicine liquid spray is to dark 10 ㎝ of soil layer.
5, sow: adopt bar broadcast mode, first on furrow face, hold seed furrow successfully, ditch, apart from 15 ㎝, to select Moringa seed uniform broadcasting under calm condition in seed furrow afterwards, covers one deck fine earth, broadcasts rear sprayer and water trickle mist.
6, shelter from heat or light: after seedling all sprouts, take cool canopy in time and shade, the light transmittance of sunshade net is 35% ~ 40%, and the outplanting previous moon removes the thing that shades.
7, weeding: select to carry out uprooting weed after rain or after irrigating, weeds are transferred to by the nursery stock surrounding soil that press...withes one's finger again, and the recessed fine earth in hole stayed by grass roots is filled and led up, have loosening nursery stock in time by soil by being tight compact.
8, apply fertilizer: at the growth of seedling initial stage, execute the mixing fertilizer of the low nitrogen of high phosphorus once, nitrogen phosphoris and potassium fertilizer ratio is 1:3:1, within first 3 months, executes phosphorus potash fertilizer 1 time, to promote nursery stock lignification to going out garden.
This time nursery, in mid-October, 2014 is sowed, and start garden in July, 2015 and to go up a hill afforestation, percentage of seedgermination reaches 97.5%, and planting percent reaches 93.3%, 9 months seedling stages, on average up to 55 centimetres.

Claims (3)

1. a Moringa seedling-cultivating method, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) nursery lot is selected: select the gradient to be less than 15 degree, soil layer is deep, and the soil is porous, leeward, and short, traffic at sunshine, irrigation, draining are local easily;
(2) wholely: nursery lot want careful wholely, first ground weeds shrub is cut down to dry and burnouts, carry out deep-cutting digging, the degree of depth reaches 35 ~ 40 centimetres, remove tree head grass roots, through weathering after a while, then dig once before sowing, break up the clods, make soil fully in small, broken bits, then laterally play furrow along contour, furrow face width 80 ~ 100 centimetres, high 10 ~ 15 centimetres, furrow furrow width 20 ~ 30 centimetres;
(3) apply fertilizer to the subsoil: rise after good furrow, mu applies fertilizer to the subsoil 3000 ~ 3500 kilograms, and base fertilizer is the decomposed manure material of 85% ~ 90%, and the phosphorus potash fertilizer of 10% ~ 15% and trace element fertilizer fully mix, and evenly removes on furrow face, after plough under in soil;
(4) soil disinfection: before sowing, carry out soil disinfection with the potassium permanganate liquid of 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 200 times of liquid or 0.2%, medicine liquid spray is to dark 5 ~ 10 ㎝ of soil layer;
(5) sow: adopt bar broadcast mode, first on furrow face, hold seed furrow successfully, ditch, apart from 10 ~ 15 ㎝, to select Moringa seed uniform broadcasting under calm condition in seed furrow afterwards, covers one deck fine earth, broadcasts rear sprayer and water trickle mist;
(6) shelter from heat or light: after seedling all sprouts, take cool canopy in time and shade, the light transmittance of sunshade net is advisable with 30% ~ 40%, and the outplanting previous moon removes the thing that shades.
2. seedling-cultivating method according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising step (7) weeding: after selecting rain or after irrigating, carry out uprooting weed, for when preventing from dialling grass, sapling loosens or is taken up, weeds are transferred to by the nursery stock surrounding soil that press...withes one's finger again, and the recessed fine earth in hole stayed by grass roots is filled and led up, have loosening nursery stock in time by soil by being tight compact.
3. seedling-cultivating method according to claim 2, characterized by further comprising step (8) fertilising: at the growth of seedling initial stage, execute the mixing fertilizer of the low nitrogen of high phosphorus once, nitrogen phosphoris and potassium fertilizer ratio is with 1:3:1, phosphorus potash fertilizer within 2 ~ 3 months, is executed 1 time, to promote nursery stock lignification before going out garden.
CN201610050370.5A 2016-01-26 2016-01-26 Moringa oleifera seedling culturing method Pending CN105557439A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106954511A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-07-18 滁州恒盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of breeding method for improving Moringa emergence rate
CN108184524A (en) * 2018-01-01 2018-06-22 莫玉明 A kind of cinnamomum camphora tree is grown seedlings in mountainous region method
CN111727931A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-10-02 河北省农林科学院农业资源环境研究所 Method for planting moringa oleifera trees in sunlight greenhouse for artificial grass growing and goose raising

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103960016A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-08-06 黄振忠 Supertree seedling growing method
CN104012282A (en) * 2014-06-15 2014-09-03 黄振忠 Method for growing vatica astrotricha seedlings in Guangxi
CN104488539A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-04-08 洪碧谦 Moringa tree cultivation method
CN104641918A (en) * 2015-03-16 2015-05-27 黄振忠 Seedling growing method for betula alnoides

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103960016A (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-08-06 黄振忠 Supertree seedling growing method
CN104012282A (en) * 2014-06-15 2014-09-03 黄振忠 Method for growing vatica astrotricha seedlings in Guangxi
CN104488539A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-04-08 洪碧谦 Moringa tree cultivation method
CN104641918A (en) * 2015-03-16 2015-05-27 黄振忠 Seedling growing method for betula alnoides

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106954511A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-07-18 滁州恒盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of breeding method for improving Moringa emergence rate
CN108184524A (en) * 2018-01-01 2018-06-22 莫玉明 A kind of cinnamomum camphora tree is grown seedlings in mountainous region method
CN111727931A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-10-02 河北省农林科学院农业资源环境研究所 Method for planting moringa oleifera trees in sunlight greenhouse for artificial grass growing and goose raising

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