CN102845194A - Method for culturing purple sweet potatoes Jingshu-6 - Google Patents

Method for culturing purple sweet potatoes Jingshu-6 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102845194A
CN102845194A CN 201110182002 CN201110182002A CN102845194A CN 102845194 A CN102845194 A CN 102845194A CN 201110182002 CN201110182002 CN 201110182002 CN 201110182002 A CN201110182002 A CN 201110182002A CN 102845194 A CN102845194 A CN 102845194A
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China
Prior art keywords
potato
purple sweet
sweet potatoes
capital
cultivation
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CN 201110182002
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Chinese (zh)
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袁起
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XUZHOU ZHENGHE NEW AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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XUZHOU ZHENGHE NEW AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Priority to CN 201110182002 priority Critical patent/CN102845194A/en
Publication of CN102845194A publication Critical patent/CN102845194A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for culturing purple sweet potatoes Jingshu-6 and belongs to the technical field of culturing of purple sweet potatoes. The method for culturing purple sweet potatoes Jingshu-6 is a planting method summarized from many years of planting the purple sweet potatoes Jingshu-6, after testing by practice, effect is tested to be excellent. The method for planting purple sweet potatoes Jingshu-6 in large area includes steps of soil selection, strong seedling culturing, base fertilizer application, mulch applying, scientific topdressing, scientific watering, prevention of plant diseases and insect pests, harvesting and the like to produce purple sweet potatoes Jingshu-6. The purple sweet potatoes Jingshu-6 is one of excellent varieties, is rich in anthocyanin besides nutritional ingredients of common sweet potatoes, has higher edible and medical values and is an ideal crop easy to culture and integrated with edible and medical values.

Description

The cultivation method of No. six purple sweet potatoes of a kind of capital potato
Technical field:
The invention belongs to the sweet potato cultivation technical field, relate in particular to a kind of kind and be the cultivation method of the purple sweet potato of No. six, capital potato.
Background technology:
Purple sweet potato claims again purple potato, and potato meat is purple and except the nutrient component with Ordinary Sweet Potatoes, is rich in anthocyan to darkviolet, and anthocyanidin content 20-180mg/100 gram has higher edible and medical value, is a kind of desirable crop easy, dietotherapeutic of cultivating.General vegetative period, yield level can reach 2000 kg/acres, slightly is lower than Ordinary Sweet Potatoes more than 120 days.Purple sweet potato contains the multiple human body beneficial elements such as abundant zinc, calcium, magnesium, the selenium element that contains especially optimum value, the selenium element is called anticancer king by world medical circle the sixth of the twelve Earthly Branches, its anti-cancer function monopolizes first in all food, long-term edible, have the body immunity of raising, anti-cancer and cancer-preventing, softening blood vessel, hypotensive, reducing blood lipid, replenish the calcium, the health-care effects such as body-building, beauty treatment.The purposes of purple sweet potato is: 1. eat raw; 2. extraction pigment, contained anthocyan is a kind of natural colorant in the purple sweep potato, the domestic and international market demand is larger; 3. process full powder, powder was helped in processing after purple sweep potato peeling oven dry was pulverized, and color and luster is attractive in appearance, and is nutritious, is fabulous raw materials of food processing, can cook major ingredient or the batching of various cakes; 4. processing leisure food, the leisure food such as the chrips of making take purple potato as raw material, freezing Hash Browns are nutritious, features good taste.Present domestic purple sweep potato kind is more, mainly contain the capital potato No. 6, No. 18, Ji, Xu 22-5, purple No. 1 of Xu, strange purple, mountains and rivers are purple etc.; The present invention is the cultivation method of No. 6 purple sweet potatoes of capital potato, No. 6, capital potato, climing long 1.3-1.8 rice, growth potential is strong, the knot potato is concentrated, the potato piece is neatly even, potato piece spindle, potato skin atropurpureus light, without longitudinal furrow, meat is fine and smooth, food flavor is fragrant and sweet, face is husky and be rich in the elements such as cancer-resisting substance selenium, iodine, this kind adapts to plants on the ground at the high sandy soil of China's soil fertility, strong, drought-enduring, the anti-large fertilizer of disease resistance, output height, the general per mu yield 3500-4000 of spring potato kilogram, summer potato 2500-3000 kilogram, mu is planted the strain number, the spring potato is the 3000-3500 strain, and the summer potato is the 3500-4000 strain.
Summary of the invention:
The problem that the present invention mainly solves provides the method for No. 6 purple sweet potatoes of a kind of establishing in large scale capital potato, and the method is through practice test, and is respond well.
The method of No. 6 purple sweet potatoes of a kind of establishing in large scale capital potato is characterized in that being made of following steps:
1. plant when planting No. 6 purple sweet potatoes of capital potato and will select first the soil, should select sunshine sufficient, soil thickness more than 60 centimetres, loose fertile, high-land and the sandy loam that makes things convenient for irrigation and drainage, pH value for 6.5-7.5's and be rich in organic matter be advisable, plant front employing shallow plowing, whole the ridge of doing, row spacing is generally 20 centimetres of 75-80 centimetres, ridge top width, the high 25-30 in ridge centimetre.
2. cultivate strong sprout, in good time cuttage, high-quality is the key that guarantees survival rate and high yield strong sprout, can cut seedling in the time of the climing long 50-60 of potato seedling stem centimetre, cuts seedling and guarantees that seedling has the 5-7 stipes, so that cutting survival, cutting time spring potato is about May 15, and the summer potato is about June 10, and cottage method generally adopts the oblique cutting method, spacing in the rows 26cm, mu cuttage 3000-4000 strain.
3. fertilising, potato No. 6 purple sweet potatoes in capital are large to the potash fertilizer requirement, before the ridging every mu to apply fertilizer to the subsoil be self-control composite organic-inorganic fertilizer 3000-3500 kilogram, it is large that its potassium content is wanted, be through fully becoming thoroughly decomposed, shallow plowing imposes in the 10-15 centimetre of dark plow layer,
The cultivation method of No. 6 purple sweet potatoes of a kind of capital potato, its beneficial effect is: potato No. 6 purple sweet potato health in capital are grown up strong and sturdy, and can produce high-quality purple sweet potato.
Embodiment:
Embodiment:
1. covering with plastic film: a weekly check potato seedling survives situation after planting, and the position that is short of seedling is in time mended and planted strong sprout, adopts plastic mulching after surviving, and plays and suppresses weeds, and the effect that soil moisture conservation heats strengthens permeability.
2. science is topdressed: purple sweet potato fertilizer is take base manure as main, need not topdress generally speaking, but can be after cultivation get rid of in 25-40 days depending on the seedling growing way and to open the cave at the ridge side-lower before the climing rear envelope ridge and topdress, execute 20 kilograms of (N: P: K=8: 7: 10) composite fertilizers for every mu, loosen the soil between the ridge in conjunction with topdressing, intertill and clean tillage.
3. science Guan Shui, each growing stage water requirement of purple sweet potato is different, and growth early stage and later stage water requirement are little, should keep water capacity 60%-70%; Be the cauline leaf peak of growing season mid-term, also is potato piece expanding stage, and water requirement is larger, should keep water capacity 70%-80% for well, if the middle and upper part blade is found to wilt the drought resisting of in time watering, to be interlacing pour water or spray along ditch the method for watering, about 35 cubic metres of every mu of waters; Because summer rainwater is more, prevents the ditch internal water accumulation, should discharge at any time if any ponding.
4. the extermination of disease and insect pest, purple sweet potato adaptability is better, if generally serious damage by disease and insect can not occur giving birth to the stub land plantation, mainly is anthracnose if its disease occurs, and prevents and treats with 600-800 times of liquid of 70% first class topsin at initial stage of origination; The easy various insect pests that the food leaf occurs in front and back that autumn has set in mainly contain grub, little ground always, should in time use the biological chemical control of chrysanthemum ester class of high-efficiency low-toxicity.
5. gather in the crops, the sunshine time shortens along with entering after autumn, and temperature reduces, sweet potato root tuber expands fast, and in order to strive for higher output, receive the suitable evening that purple sweet potato should be tried one's best, enter the 10-11 month when the potato leaf begins flavescence, gather in the crops when selecting fine day, soil moisture low, and preserve with receiving with transportation.

Claims (9)

1. the cultivation method of No. six purple sweet potatoes of a capital potato is characterized in that: will be first during No. six purple sweet potatoes of plantation capital potato through selection the soil, cultivate strong sprout, use sufficient base manure, the steps such as covering with plastic film, science topdress, science Guan Shui, prevention and elimination of disease and pests, results produce No. six purple sweet potatoes of capital potato.
2. the cultivation method of No. six purple sweet potatoes of a kind of capital potato according to claim 1, its first step is characterised in that: select the soil, should select sunshine sufficient, soil thickness more than 60 centimetres, loose fertile, high-land and the sandy loam that makes things convenient for irrigation and drainage, pH value for 6.5-7.5's and be rich in organic matter be advisable, plant front employing shallow plowing, whole the ridge of doing, row spacing is generally 20 centimetres of 75-80 centimetres, ridge top width, the high 25-30 in ridge centimetre.
3. the cultivation method of No. six purple sweet potatoes of a kind of capital potato according to claim 1, its second step is characterised in that: cultivate strong sprout, and in good time cuttage, high-quality strong sprout is the key that guarantees survival rate and high yield, in the time of the climing long 50-60 of potato seedling stem centimetre, can cut seedling, cut seedling and guarantee that seedling has the 5-7 stipes, so that cutting survival, the cutting time spring, potato was about May 15, the summer potato is about June 10, cottage method generally adopts the oblique cutting method, spacing in the rows 26cm, mu cuttage 3000-4000 strain.
4. the cultivation method of No. six purple sweet potatoes of a kind of capital potato according to claim 1, its the 3rd step is characterised in that: fertilising, potato No. 6 purple sweet potatoes in capital are large to the potash fertilizer requirement, every mu of basal dressing is self-control composite organic-inorganic fertilizer 3000-3500 kilogram before the ridging, it is large that its potassium content is wanted, will be through fully becoming thoroughly decomposed, shallow plowing imposes in the 10-15 centimetre of dark plow layer.
5. the cultivation method of No. six purple sweet potatoes of a kind of capital potato according to claim 1, its the 4th step is characterised in that: covering with plastic film: a weekly check potato seedling survives situation after planting, the position that is short of seedling is in time mended and is planted strong sprout, after surviving, adopt plastic mulching, play and suppress weeds, the effect that soil moisture conservation heats strengthens permeability.
6. the cultivation method of No. six purple sweet potatoes of a kind of capital potato according to claim 1, its the 5th step is characterised in that: science is topdressed: purple sweet potato fertilizer is take base manure as main, need not topdress generally speaking, but can be after cultivation get rid of in 25-40 days depending on the seedling growing way and to open the cave at the ridge side-lower before the climing rear envelope ridge and topdress, execute 20 kilograms of (N: P: K=8: 7: 10) composite fertilizers for every mu, loosen the soil between the ridge in conjunction with topdressing, intertill and clean tillage.
7. the cultivation method of No. six purple sweet potatoes of a kind of capital potato according to claim 1, its the 6th step is characterised in that: science Guan Shui, purple each growing stage water requirement of sweet potato is different, and growth early stage and later stage water requirement are little, should keep water capacity 60%-70%; Be the cauline leaf peak of growing season mid-term, also is potato piece expanding stage, and water requirement is larger, should keep water capacity 70%-80% for well, if the middle and upper part blade is found to wilt the drought resisting of in time watering, to be interlacing pour water or spray along ditch the method for watering, about 35 cubic metres of every mu of waters; Because summer rainwater is more, prevents the ditch internal water accumulation, should discharge at any time if any ponding.
8. the cultivation method of No. six purple sweet potatoes of a kind of capital potato according to claim 1, its the 7th step is characterised in that: the extermination of disease and insect pest, purple sweet potato adaptability is better, if generally serious damage by disease and insect can not occur in living stub land plantation, mainly be anthracnose if its disease occurs, at initial stage of origination with 600-800 times of liquid control of 70% first class topsin; The easy various insect pests that the food leaf occurs in front and back that autumn has set in mainly contain grub, little ground always, should in time use the biological chemical control of chrysanthemum ester class of high-efficiency low-toxicity.
9. the cultivation method of No. six purple sweet potatoes of a kind of capital potato according to claim 1, its the 8th step is characterised in that: results, sunshine time shortens along with entering after autumn, temperature reduces, and sweet potato root tuber expands fast, in order to strive for higher output, receive the suitable evening that purple sweet potato should be tried one's best, enter the 10-11 month when the potato leaf begins flavescence, gather in the crops when selecting fine day, soil moisture low, and preserve with receiving with transportation.
CN 201110182002 2011-06-30 2011-06-30 Method for culturing purple sweet potatoes Jingshu-6 Pending CN102845194A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141284A (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-06-12 防城港市万景林业有限公司 Method for preventing and treating pest and disease damages of Guangpo red sweet potatoes
CN103858655A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-18 贵州省生物技术研究所 Sweet potato seedling growing method suitable for center area of Guizhou
CN103891503A (en) * 2014-03-17 2014-07-02 中国科学院北方粳稻分子育种联合研究中心 Method for cultivating leaf sweet potatoes in greenhouse of north
CN104221655A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-12-24 江西省农业科学院作物研究所 Method for interplanting vine-vegetable sweet potatoes in young orchard
CN104782364A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-22 杭州市农业科学研究院 Sweet potato branch pressing seedling cultivating method
CN105075622A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-25 张月媚 Technology for cultivating and sun-curing Wenzhou honey sweet potato jujubes
CN108575629A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-09-28 山东省农业科学院作物研究所 A kind of cultural method reducing sweet potato small holes caused by worms rate

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103141284A (en) * 2013-03-27 2013-06-12 防城港市万景林业有限公司 Method for preventing and treating pest and disease damages of Guangpo red sweet potatoes
CN103891503A (en) * 2014-03-17 2014-07-02 中国科学院北方粳稻分子育种联合研究中心 Method for cultivating leaf sweet potatoes in greenhouse of north
CN103891503B (en) * 2014-03-17 2016-04-06 中国科学院北方粳稻分子育种联合研究中心 A kind of northern greenhouse room leaf type sweet potato cultivation method
CN103858655A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-18 贵州省生物技术研究所 Sweet potato seedling growing method suitable for center area of Guizhou
CN104221655A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-12-24 江西省农业科学院作物研究所 Method for interplanting vine-vegetable sweet potatoes in young orchard
CN104782364A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-22 杭州市农业科学研究院 Sweet potato branch pressing seedling cultivating method
CN105075622A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-25 张月媚 Technology for cultivating and sun-curing Wenzhou honey sweet potato jujubes
CN105075622B (en) * 2015-08-20 2018-09-04 张月媚 A kind of cultivation of Wenzhou sweetness sweet potato jujube and solarization technique
CN108575629A (en) * 2018-05-18 2018-09-28 山东省农业科学院作物研究所 A kind of cultural method reducing sweet potato small holes caused by worms rate

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Application publication date: 20130102