CN104012282A - Method for growing vatica astrotricha seedlings in Guangxi - Google Patents

Method for growing vatica astrotricha seedlings in Guangxi Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104012282A
CN104012282A CN201410263274.XA CN201410263274A CN104012282A CN 104012282 A CN104012282 A CN 104012282A CN 201410263274 A CN201410263274 A CN 201410263274A CN 104012282 A CN104012282 A CN 104012282A
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China
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guangxi
seed
green plum
cultivating
furrow
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CN201410263274.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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黄振忠
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黄振忠
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Priority to CN201410263274.XA priority Critical patent/CN104012282A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for growing vatica astrotricha seedlings in Guangxi and belongs to the technical field of forest cultivation. The method includes the nine steps of collecting seeds, treating the seeds, selecting seedling nursery land, preparing the land, fully applying base fertilizer, sowing the seeds, performing shading, weeding and applying fertilizer. According to the method, the seedlings are grown for cultivation, cultivation of vatica astrotricha in Guangxi can be developed in a large area so that industrialized cultivation can be formed, the method has certain significance in forestry production, economy utilization and research on the tropical flora of China, the seed germination rate reaches more than 95 percent, the seedling rate reaches more than 92 percent, the seedling period ranges from six months to eight months, the average height is larger than 30 cm, and the seedlings can be transplanted to mountains for forestation.

Description

A kind of Guangxi green plum seedling-cultivating method
Technical field
The present invention relates to Forest-tree culture technical field, be specifically related to the method for a kind of Guangxi green plum seedling growing process, belong to afforestation technology field.
Background technology
Record according to Baidupedia: Guangxi green plum (formal name used at school: Vatica guangxiensis) is Dipterocarpaceae green plum subordinate's a kind, arbor, high approximately 30 meters, annotinous branch is close by extremely tan starlike fine hair of yellowish-brown, old branch is without hair, leaf keratin, ellipse to ellipticity is draped over one's shoulders taper, and happiness is warm winter, summer is not extremely hot, the weather of high humidity throughout the year, the former Guangxi (Napo County) that is distributed in, is born in hillside fields, hilly country.
Guangxi green plum is the newfound typical tropical tree species of China, and trunk is perfectly straight satisfactory, and wood structure is careful, and material is hard heavy, and corrosion resistant is bright and clean cunning after slicing, is the good materials of using such as manufacture noble furniture and shipbuilding, vehicle, bridge, building.Development Guangxi green plum artificial planting at production of forestry, economic utilization and Study of China tropical plants fauna is had to certain meaning, is to be worth in Guangxi and the rare tree of China's South Subtropical Area of China development.
Because Guangxi green plum existing resource is little, seed longevity is short in addition, is multiplied into tree very difficult by natural germination, and for satisfying the demand, people have to develop artificial cultivation technique, and carry out Guangxi green plum artificial afforestration, first will solve Guangxi green plum nursery stock problem.
Summary of the invention
goal of the invention: the object of the invention is for problems of the prior art, a kind of Guangxi green plum seedling-cultivating method is provided.
technical scheme: Guangxi of the present invention green plum cultivation method, specifically comprises the following steps:
1. collect seed: before annual seed maturity comes off, the shrub weeds under the green plum of Guangxi are removed totally, spread Polypropylence Sheet, after wait kind comes off, collect;
2. seed treatment: bury with moistening fine sand or liver moss after collecting seed, to ensure the germination rate of seed, before sowing, fruit wing is removed;
3. nursery lot is selected: select the gradient to be less than 12 degree, soil layer is deep, and the soil is porous, leeward, and short, traffic at sunshine, irrigation, draining facilitate place to be advisable;
4. wholely: nursery lot is wanted careful whole ground, and first cut down ground weeds shrub to dry and burnout for 7~August, deep-cuts and dig, the degree of depth reaches 30~35 centimetres, remove a tree grass roots, through weathering after a while, then dig once before sowing, break up the clods, make soil fully in small, broken bits, then laterally play furrow along contour, 1.0~1.2 meters of furrow face widths, high 15~20 centimetres, 30~35 centimetres of furrow furrow widths;
5, use sufficient base fertilizer: rise after good furrow, mu applies fertilizer to the subsoil 2500~3000 kilograms, the decomposed manure material that base fertilizer is 85%~90%, 10%~15% phosphorus potash fertilizer and trace element fertilizer fully mix, evenly remove on furrow face, after plough under in soil;
6, sowing: when sowing, seed be inverted to (top is downward, and base portion upwards) or lain on one's side on seedbed, then lid layer thin soil was just to hide seed or to cover to 2/3rds of seed, and spacing in the rows is 5~8 ㎝, and line-spacing is 6~10 ㎝;
7, shelter from heat or light: Guangxi green plum Seedling Stage be afraid of day burn, need certain sheltering from heat or light, just can guarantee nursery stock normal growth, therefore, after seedling all sprouts, should take in time cool canopy and shade, the light transmittance of sunshade net is advisable with 50%~60%, late December the dismountable thing that shades;
8, weeding: carry out uprooting weed after should selecting rain or after irrigating, sapling is loosening or be taken up when preventing uprooting weed, and applying finger is pinned surrounding soil, and the hole that grass roots is stayed is recessed fills and leads up with fine earth, have loosening nursery stock should be in time by soil by being tight compact;
9, fertilising: the growth of seedling initial stage, execute the mixing fertilizer of the low nitrogen of high phosphorus once, nitrogen phosphoris and potassium fertilizer ratio is advisable with 1:3:1, executes phosphorus potash fertilizer 1 time, to promote nursery stock lignification after mid-December.
beneficial effect: compared with prior art, its beneficial effect is in the present invention:
The present invention adopts growing nursery and culture, can cultivate by large area development Guangxi green plum, forms industrialization, and percentage of seedgermination reaches more than 95%, and planting percent reaches more than 92%, 6~8 months seedling stages, and on average up to more than 30 centimetres, the afforestation of going up a hill of can emerging.
embodiment
Below in conjunction with the concrete example of implementing, technical solution of the present invention is elaborated.
Production address: lily township, Napo County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
1, nursery lot is selected: the nursery lot that this time Guangxi green plum is grown seedlings is selected on domestic gentle slope, lily township, Napo County, 550~630 meters of height above sea level, and the gradient 10 is spent, thick 35~38 ㎝ that reach of topsoil, the soil is porous, leeward, and average 3.5 hours sunshine, traffic, irrigation, draining are conveniently;
2, wholely: early August, first ground weeds shrub is cut down to dry and burnout, deep-cut and dig, the degree of depth reaches 30~35 centimetres, remove tree a grass roots, through weathering after a while, then in sowing before mid-September dig once, break up the clods, make soil fully in small, broken bits, then laterally play furrow along contour, 1.0~1.2 meters of furrow face widths, high 15~20 centimetres, 30~35 centimetres of furrow furrow widths;
3, use sufficient base fertilizer: rise after good furrow, mu applies fertilizer to the subsoil 2800 kilograms, the decomposed manure material that base fertilizer is 85%~90%, 10%~15% phosphorus potash fertilizer and trace element fertilizer fully mix, evenly remove on furrow face, after plough under in soil;
4, sowing: when sowing, seed is lain on one's side on seedbed, then lid layer thin soil was just to hide seed, and spacing in the rows is 5~8 ㎝, and line-spacing is 8~10 ㎝;
5, shelter from heat or light: early November, seedling all sprouts substantially, we take cool canopy in time shades, and the light transmittance of sunshade net is controlled between 50%~60%, and late December is removed the thing that shades;
6, weeding: after planting two months, after the rain or after trickle, carry out uprooting weed, sapling is loosening or be taken up when preventing uprooting weed, the surrounding soil that press...withes one's finger while dialling, and the hole that grass roots is stayed is recessed fills and leads up with fine earth, have loosening nursery stock in time by soil by being tight compact;
7, fertilising: the growth of seedling initial stage, execute the mixing fertilizer of the low nitrogen of high phosphorus once, nitrogen phosphoris and potassium fertilizer ratio is 1:3:1, mu amount of application is 800 kilograms, executes phosphorus potash fertilizer 1 time, to promote nursery stock lignification after mid-December;
This is grown seedlings, and in mid-September, 2012 sowing starts the garden afforestation of going up a hill in April, 2013, and percentage of seedgermination reaches more than 96.7%, and planting percent reaches more than 92.2%, and 6 15th day of a month of seedling stage, on average up to 33 centimetres.

Claims (7)

1. a Guangxi green plum seedling-cultivating method, it is characterized in that comprising that seed collecting, seed treatment, nursery lot are selected, whole ground, use sufficient base fertilizer, sow, shelter from heat or light, the step of weeding, fertilising.
2. Guangxi according to claim 1 green plum seedling-cultivating method, is characterized in that described Seed Collecting Methods is: before annual seed maturity comes off, the shrub weeds under the green plum of Guangxi are removed totally, spread Polypropylence Sheet, after wait kind comes off, collect.
3. Guangxi according to claim 1 green plum seedling-cultivating method, is characterized in that described seed treatment refers to: after collecting seed, bury with moistening fine sand or liver moss, before sowing, fruit wing is removed.
4. Guangxi according to claim 1 green plum seedling-cultivating method, is characterized in that described nursery lot selects to refer to, select the gradient to be less than 12 degree, the soil is porous, leeward, and short, traffic at sunshine, irrigation, draining are local easily.
5. Guangxi according to claim 1 green plum seedling-cultivating method is characterized in that described referring to: first cut down ground weeds shrub to dry and burnout for 7~August, deep-cuts and dig wholely, the degree of depth reaches 30~35 centimetres, remove a tree grass roots, through weathering after a while, then dig once before sowing, break up the clods, make soil fully in small, broken bits, then laterally play furrow along contour, 1.0~1.2 meters of furrow face widths, high 15~20 centimetres, 30~35 centimetres of furrow furrow widths.
6. Guangxi according to claim 1 green plum seedling-cultivating method, it is characterized in that the described base fertilizer that uses sufficient refers to: rise after good furrow, mu applies fertilizer to the subsoil 2500~3000 kilograms, base fertilizer is 85%~90% decomposed manure material, 10%~15% phosphorus potash fertilizer and trace element fertilizer fully mix, evenly remove on furrow face, after plough under in soil.
7. Guangxi according to claim 1 green plum seedling-cultivating method, it is characterized in that described type of seeding is: seed is inverted to (top is downward, base portion is upwards) or lie on one's side on seedbed, then lid layer thin soil was just to hide seed or to cover to 2/3rds of seed, spacing in the rows is 5~8 ㎝, and line-spacing is 6~10 ㎝.
CN201410263274.XA 2014-06-15 2014-06-15 Method for growing vatica astrotricha seedlings in Guangxi Pending CN104012282A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104982288A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-10-21 安徽禾众农业科技有限公司 Planting method for green plums
CN105557439A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-05-11 黄振忠 Moringa oleifera seedling culturing method
CN108184524A (en) * 2018-01-01 2018-06-22 莫玉明 A kind of cinnamomum camphora tree is grown seedlings in mountainous region method
CN109892161A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-06-18 中国科学院昆明植物研究所 Rare or endangered species version receives green plum seedling from seed artificial breeding method

Citations (1)

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CN1714618A (en) * 2004-07-02 2006-01-04 张孝岳 Quick production method for potted plum blossom

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104982288A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-10-21 安徽禾众农业科技有限公司 Planting method for green plums
CN105557439A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-05-11 黄振忠 Moringa oleifera seedling culturing method
CN108184524A (en) * 2018-01-01 2018-06-22 莫玉明 A kind of cinnamomum camphora tree is grown seedlings in mountainous region method
CN109892161A (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-06-18 中国科学院昆明植物研究所 Rare or endangered species version receives green plum seedling from seed artificial breeding method

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Application publication date: 20140903