CN105123220A - Rice-duck culture method - Google Patents

Rice-duck culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105123220A
CN105123220A CN201510549727.XA CN201510549727A CN105123220A CN 105123220 A CN105123220 A CN 105123220A CN 201510549727 A CN201510549727 A CN 201510549727A CN 105123220 A CN105123220 A CN 105123220A
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China
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duck
rice
water
centimetres
ducks
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CN201510549727.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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杨宝林
雷武生
胡德龙
蔡善亚
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江苏农林职业技术学院
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Priority to CN201510549727.XA priority Critical patent/CN105123220A/en
Publication of CN105123220A publication Critical patent/CN105123220A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates

Abstract

The invention provides a rice-duck culture method. The method comprises the following steps of 1, working duck selection, 2, duck releasing condition and time selection, 3, duck releasing site and area selection, 4, natural enemy protective wall building, 5, rice field parcel selection and building, 6, rice variety selection, 7, transplanting, 8, biological control of insect pests and weeds, 9, water management, 10, fertilization and 11, duck catching and rice harvesting. Compared with the prior art, the appropriate working ducks are selected, the ducks are released in good time, and a foreign protective wall is built based on the specific releasing density; an appropriate field parcel is selected, an appropriate transplanting method is built, the appropriate water management and fertilization technology are built, finally, the duck and rice yield and quality are improved, and the ecological benefits of the rice field are remarkably improved.

Description

A kind of paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods, belong to Mi Rice Cropping technical field.
Background technology
Paddy rice be planted in the history that China has more than 7000 year, it is the custom of staple food that our people has with rice.Traditional Rice Cropping based on farmyard manure, without the use of chemical pesticide.Along with the growth of China's population, also increase the demand of grain, the safety problem of grain is all the time as the cardinal task of after liberation party and state thereupon.In order to increase grain, using raising Per Unit Area Grain Yield as emphasis, cultivating high-yield variety by breeding on the one hand, improving per unit area yield to study new cultivation step on the other hand.Constantly emerging of novel pesticide, new chemical fertilizer, people and the Nature are struggled, to increase grain.Along with the improvement of living standards of the people, the quality security problem of grain causes the concern of people day by day, and the plantation of organic paddy rice is to meet the demand of people to high-quality, the consumption of safe rice.The main pattern adopted of organic paddy rice plantation has: paddy rice nonoculture pattern, rice-duck farming pattern.Paddy rice nonoculture pattern, to reduce agricultural pollution source, protection of the environment, for the purpose of production high-quality, safety food, never uses chemical fertilizer, chemical pesticide starts with.On rice varieties is selected, can Introduced from Japan rice varieties " more light ".Nursery adopts dry rice seedling technology, the every mu of seedbed amount of broadcasting 75Kg.Field-transplanting density 33 Χ 33 centimetres.Adopt 50% rice bran+50% colza cake weeding and as land for growing field crops fertilizer, every mu of consumption 100Kg.In the management of water, transplant and keep land for growing field crops depth of water 7-8 centimetre, later stage alternation of wetting and drying in latter 15 days.Adopt Japan's " へ " font culture technique, beforehand control grows, mid-term growth promoting effects, later stage control nitrogen, lives ripe in old.Utilize agricultural, physics, biological control measure anti-to cure the disease, worm, crop smothering, make produced rice quality optimum.Rice-duck farming pattern can select meter matter more excellent, and the ripe phase is later than kind " sunlight " paddy rice of " more light ", and font that production technology also adopts " へ " is cultivated, the every mu of seedbed amount of broadcasting 75Kg, field-transplanting density 33 Χ 33 centimetres.Every mu with 100Kg colza cake as land for growing field crops fertilizer.Within about 10 days after rice transplanting, put labour duck 18-20/mu in a suitable place to breed.Make rice, duck farming, form optimum environment, impel rice duck syntrophism.Duck is shifted out rice field after Rice Heading to raise.
At present, in existing rice-duck farming planting technology, there is the labour selection of duck improper, condition of tending ducks and the time unreasonable, breeding density is held bad, increases auxiliary fodder improper, and the unreasonable final yield and quality affecting duck built by alien enemy's protecting wall.There is the selection of field in Rice Production and build unreasonable, transplanting method is incorrect, and water management and fertilizer practice not science, causes rice yield obviously to reduce, and quality declines, and have impact on normal income.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: in order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods.
Technical scheme: for achieving the above object, the invention provides a kind of paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods, comprises the following steps:
(1) the labour selection of duck: select middle-size and small-size individuality, flexibly, appetite is less, strong stress resistance of sleeping in the open, wide adaptability, vitality strong, the field activity time is long, addicted to eating the labour of wild plant with duck, as town duck No. 1, Gaoyou sheldrake, gold determine sheldrake, Chaohu duck etc.
(2) condition of tending ducks and time: time of putting in a suitable place to breed of duck be rice transplanting (throw and plant) turn green to live after carry out, early rice plant after 12 ~ 15 days, in, late rice plant after 7 ~ 10 days.There is first time weed germination peak in 7 ~ 10 days after planting in general paddy rice, now tends ducks can reach comparatively ideal herbicidal effect into field.Tend ducks and select fine day morning 9 up to 10 time into field, now temperature is higher than morning, but also in rising, is conducive to duck and conforms the change of temperature.Tame and docile water will be carried out before duck is thrown in.Taming and dociling water method is: after duck hatches, and selects fine day early to tame and docile water, can carry out in the cement pit of the depth of water 15 ~ 20 centimetres, tame and docile the water time from short to long, until duck can in water activity freely, water outlet hair shaft.
Rational Stocking density: be advisable to put 20 ~ 22 in a suitable place to breed for every mu, initial stage rice-duck farming is with 100 ~ 110 a groups, be advisable for 5 mu, with 200 ~ 220 a groups after technology maturation, be advisable for 10 mu, both avoided duck too troop and step on wound rice seedling in early stage, and each corner between delineation scope rice can be distributed to again and remove search of food, with equal control Field Pests and weeds.
(3) to tend ducks place and region: before tending ducks, build up simple and easy duck canopy at Tian Bianxian, complete dry rice straw or rice husk on the ground, spread braid over braid, it is put into duckling feed, to make duckling shake down as early as possible, automatically to eat food and lower water is plaied.While arrange Chu Fang district in monoblock land for growing field crops, first allow Ya Chufang district activity 1 ~ 2 day, to facilitate management.Every mu, Chu Fang district size 4 ~ 5 square metres, after 1 ~ 2 day after duck conforms, duck can be put into land for growing field crops, Dan Chufang does not remove around district, to use when reclaiming duck.
Increase auxiliary fodder: the duckling just having put about 10 days in a suitable place to breed is looked for food ability, need mend some digestible feeds every day 2 ~ 3 times, to meet the needs of early growth and development.Gradually reduce nursing number of times later, turn to based on free choice feeding.Duck canopy place water container of the shallow end and feed vessel several, every day sooner or later water and crack rice, the fresh feed such as dish puts into container, cry (or beating gongs) on one side, tame duckling and collect and search for food, the life habit of cultivation duck " on call at any hour ".
(4) alien enemy's protecting wall is built: duck natural enemy has the animal such as the flying bird such as hawk, crow and yellow weasel, snake class, muroid, refer to that specification nylon silk screen is along ridge enclosure with 4, cost is low, about 13 ~ 15 yuan every mu, can flee and alien enemy's infringement by anti-duck, purse seine height is advisable with 0.6 ~ 0.8 meter, inserting a small bamboo support, river, the pool, wall etc. also can being utilized as intercepting wall for every about 2 meters.
(5) selection of paddy rice field and construction: according to the requirement of organic production to ecotope, select pollution-free, water resource is enriched, physical features is smooth, Cheng Fang plot is in flakes as rice-duck farming district.Rice district area requirements is more than 5 mu.On field is built, in order to make rice field can fill with 10 centimetres of dark water, ridge being increased to 20 ~ 30 centimetres, is widened into 60 ~ 80 centimetres, be beneficial to field water conservation and duck has a rest.Separately wide 1 ~ 2 meter at field surrounding excavation, the circular groove of dark 1 ~ 1.2 meter, the field ditch that several are crossed as " well " font is dug in field, furrow width 30 ~ 40 centimetres, dark 30 cm, to increase the playground of duck.One jiao in rice field is that duck builds an easy habitat.Generally what a duck shed every 5 Mu Sheyige districts, take.Duck shed area is built by the adult duck of every square metre of confession 5.The nonirrigated farmland reserving duck activity before duck shed is done to feed duck field, the movable and feed of throwing something and feeding for duck.
(6) rice varieties is selected: rice varieties should select organic paddy rice variety culture, can not use transgenic seed.Often with multiple germ on seed rice, as bakanae disease, Aplelenchiodes bessegi of rice etc., by seed dispersal, endanger very large.Needs are hoted water treatment of seeds, and specific practice first gets out the lukewarm water of 56 ~ 57 DEG C, then put in by dry seed rice, soak seed 10 ~ 15 minutes, then pull out to put in common cold water to cool, after seed temperature is normal can seed soaking routinely, vernalization procedure operation.
(7) transplantation technique: can transplant in whole field when the 28-32 days rice seedling on upland field length of time rice seedlings grow, 4 ~ 5 leaves, height of seedling 20 ~ 30 centimetres.Adopt the thin planting mode of wide row, wide strain, seeding row spacing is advisable with 30 cm x 30 centimetres, or adopts cave spacing 30 centimetres of cellular regular hexagon transplanting methods, every mu 1.0 ~ 1.2 ten thousand caves, every cave 2 ~ 3 seedling, Basic Seedling every mu 5 ~ 60,000, both be beneficial to rice high yield, and be also beneficial to duck and walk between strain.
(8) biological control disease pest and weed: between rice, insect is mainly by duck predation, but originates in plant leaf middle and upper part due to paddy stem borer pieces of an egg, and after the hatching of ant snout moth's larva, just moth stem is caused harm, cause the withered heart and dead ears, duck is helpless, and good way is application frequency vibration desinsection trapping snout moth, thus alleviates the ovum amount that falls.General damage by disease and insect can adopt biological control, biopesticide, high-efficiency low-toxicity, less-persistent pesticide control.
(9) water management:
To tend ducks initial stage water management: before duck puts into rice field, be advisable with the shallow water of 3 ~ 5 cm.After transplanting seedlings, suitably fill with deep water and be conducive to rice shoot and live, within 5 ~ 7 days, turn green after planting after living and suitably adjust water layer, in order to tending ducks.
Water management during tending ducks: consider duck water game, look for food and defend Lu Sheng natural enemy, suppress the demands such as humidogene weeds, should remain that rice field has water layer, only add water, not draining.The muddy water that rice-duck farming is formed contains fertilizer, and draining can cause nutrient loss, therefore not draining, just suitably supplement some water when rice field water layer reduces.
Paddy rice puts field: the contradiction of putting field and duck happiness water for solving paddy rice, and land for growing field crops high yield ditch will dig deeply, and to remain in ditch 10 centimetres of dark water layers, for the need that duck is had a bath.Put the way in field by burst, solve duck and drink water in field and needs of looking for food.Also duck can be arrived in the river on limit, field, the pool transition 3 ~ 4 days, or dig culvert water storage on limit, Ya Peng field, drink water for duck temporarily and have a bath, on average every 5 ~ 6 ducks have square area, and the degree of depth 0.5 meter is advisable.
(10) apply fertilizer: rice-duck farming does not generally use chemical fertilizer, disposablely before transplanting rice use sufficient base manure, based on long-acting fertilizer, the composite fertilizer of becoming thoroughly decomposed, fertilizing amount is good and bad depending on soil property.Topdress and rot to field loam with duck excreta and duckweed and replace, when soil fertility is not enough, some organic manure can be executed.For guaranteeing not to fertilize, agricultural chemicals, weed killer herbicide, realize proper organic rice to produce, rice field-upland field rotation can be passed through, plantation Industrial green manure crop (broad bean, seedling grass etc.), green manure herbage is combined or implements the technical systems such as rice, duck, duckweed do altogether with stock keeping, increase the rice field content of organic matter, increase soil fertility.
(11) seizure of duck and the results of paddy rice: after Rice Heading Grain Filling, spike of rice is sagging, the duck group between rice clump will grain on beak food spike of rice, and once beak food fringe paddy, duck just no longer goes to find other food.At this moment, group duck will be arrived in the drainage ditch that there is certain depth on limit, field between rice, and surround seizure with purse seine.Put the labour of about 60 days between rice in a suitable place to breed with duck, often only weigh 1.2 ~ 1.5 kilograms.Wherein drake can go on the market and do the sale of meat duck, and duck stable breeding can become laying ducks.Qi Suihou, treats that field muddy water forms sediment clear, just draining can put field.When putting field, face, field presents big and small crack.When reach put field require time, grain header just can be gone to the field operation.When there is a grain yellow maturity of more than 95% in full field, just can gather in the crops.
Beneficial effect: compared with prior art, paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods of the present invention, selects suitable labour with duck, tends ducks in good time, in conjunction with specific breeding density, sets up alien enemy's protecting wall; Select suitable field in Rice Production, build suitable transplanting method, set up rational water management and fertilizer practice, the final yield and quality improving duck and paddy rice, and significantly improve the ecological benefits in rice field.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1
(1) the labour selection of duck: select middle-size and small-size individuality, flexibly, appetite is less, strong stress resistance of sleeping in the open, wide adaptability, vitality strong, the field activity time is long, addicted to eating the labour of wild plant with duck, as town duck No. 1, Gaoyou sheldrake, gold determine sheldrake, Chaohu duck etc.
(2) condition of tending ducks and time: time of putting in a suitable place to breed of duck be rice transplanting (throw and plant) turn green to live after carry out, early rice plant after 12 ~ 15 days, in, late rice plant after 7 ~ 10 days.There is first time weed germination peak in 7 ~ 10 days after planting in general paddy rice, now tends ducks can reach comparatively ideal herbicidal effect into field.Tend ducks and select fine day morning 9 up to 10 time into field, now temperature is higher than morning, but also in rising, is conducive to duck and conforms the change of temperature.Tame and docile water will be carried out before duck is thrown in.Taming and dociling water method is: after duck hatches, and selects fine day early to tame and docile water, can carry out in the cement pit of the depth of water 15 ~ 20 centimetres, tame and docile the water time from short to long, until duck can in water activity freely, water outlet hair shaft.
Rational Stocking density: be advisable to put 20 ~ 22 in a suitable place to breed for every mu, initial stage rice-duck farming is with 100 ~ 110 a groups, be advisable for 5 mu, with 200 ~ 220 a groups after technology maturation, be advisable for 10 mu, both avoided duck too troop and step on wound rice seedling in early stage, and each corner between delineation scope rice can be distributed to again and remove search of food, with equal control Field Pests and weeds.
(3) to tend ducks place and region: before tending ducks, build up simple and easy duck canopy at Tian Bianxian, complete dry rice straw or rice husk on the ground, spread braid over braid, it is put into duckling feed, to make duckling shake down as early as possible, automatically to eat food and lower water is plaied.While arrange Chu Fang district in monoblock land for growing field crops, first allow Ya Chufang district activity 1 ~ 2 day, to facilitate management.Every mu, Chu Fang district size 4 ~ 5 square metres, after 1 ~ 2 day after duck conforms, duck can be put into land for growing field crops, Dan Chufang does not remove around district, to use when reclaiming duck.
Increase auxiliary fodder: the duckling just having put about 10 days in a suitable place to breed is looked for food ability, need mend some digestible feeds every day 2 ~ 3 times, to meet the needs of early growth and development.Gradually reduce nursing number of times later, turn to based on free choice feeding.Duck canopy place water container of the shallow end and feed vessel several, every day sooner or later water and crack rice, the fresh feed such as dish puts into container, cry (or beating gongs) on one side, tame duckling and collect and search for food, the life habit of cultivation duck " on call at any hour ".
(4) alien enemy's protecting wall is built: duck natural enemy has the animal such as the flying bird such as hawk, crow and yellow weasel, snake class, muroid, refer to that specification nylon silk screen is along ridge enclosure with 4, cost is low, about 13 ~ 15 yuan every mu, can flee and alien enemy's infringement by anti-duck, purse seine height is advisable with 0.6 ~ 0.8 meter, inserting a small bamboo support, river, the pool, wall etc. also can being utilized as intercepting wall for every about 2 meters.
(5) selection of paddy rice field and construction: according to the requirement of organic production to ecotope, select pollution-free, water resource is enriched, physical features is smooth, Cheng Fang plot is in flakes as rice-duck farming district.Rice district area requirements is more than 5 mu.On field is built, in order to make rice field can fill with 10 centimetres of dark water, ridge being increased to 20 ~ 30 centimetres, is widened into 60 ~ 80 centimetres, be beneficial to field water conservation and duck has a rest.Separately wide 1 ~ 2 meter at field surrounding excavation, the circular groove of dark 1 ~ 1.2 meter, the field ditch that several are crossed as " well " font is dug in field, furrow width 30 ~ 40 centimetres, dark 30 cm, to increase the playground of duck.One jiao in rice field is that duck builds an easy habitat.Generally what a duck shed every 5 Mu Sheyige districts, take.Duck shed area is built by the adult duck of every square metre of confession 5.The nonirrigated farmland reserving duck activity before duck shed is done to feed duck field, the movable and feed of throwing something and feeding for duck.
(6) rice varieties is selected: rice varieties should select organic paddy rice variety culture, can not use transgenic seed.Often with multiple germ on seed rice, as bakanae disease, Aplelenchiodes bessegi of rice etc., by seed dispersal, endanger very large.Needs are hoted water treatment of seeds, and specific practice first gets out the lukewarm water of 56 ~ 57 DEG C, then put in by dry seed rice, soak seed 10 ~ 15 minutes, then pull out to put in common cold water to cool, after seed temperature is normal can seed soaking routinely, vernalization procedure operation.
(7) transplantation technique: can transplant in whole field when the 28-32 days rice seedling on upland field length of time rice seedlings grow, 4 ~ 5 leaves, height of seedling 20 ~ 30 centimetres.Adopt the thin planting mode of wide row, wide strain, seeding row spacing is advisable with 30 cm x 30 centimetres, or adopts cave spacing 30 centimetres of cellular regular hexagon transplanting methods, every mu 1.0 ~ 1.2 ten thousand caves, every cave 2 ~ 3 seedling, Basic Seedling every mu 5 ~ 60,000, both be beneficial to rice high yield, and be also beneficial to duck and walk between strain.
(8) biological control disease pest and weed: between rice, insect is mainly by duck predation, but originates in plant leaf middle and upper part due to paddy stem borer pieces of an egg, and after the hatching of ant snout moth's larva, just moth stem is caused harm, cause the withered heart and dead ears, duck is helpless, and good way is application frequency vibration desinsection trapping snout moth, thus alleviates the ovum amount that falls.General damage by disease and insect can adopt biological control, biopesticide, high-efficiency low-toxicity, less-persistent pesticide control.
(9) water management:
To tend ducks initial stage water management: before duck puts into rice field, be advisable with the shallow water of 3 ~ 5 cm.After transplanting seedlings, suitably fill with deep water and be conducive to rice shoot and live, within 5 ~ 7 days, turn green after planting after living and suitably adjust water layer, in order to tending ducks.
Water management during tending ducks: consider duck water game, look for food and defend Lu Sheng natural enemy, suppress the demands such as humidogene weeds, should remain that rice field has water layer, only add water, not draining.The muddy water that rice-duck farming is formed contains fertilizer, and draining can cause nutrient loss, therefore not draining, just suitably supplement some water when rice field water layer reduces.
Paddy rice puts field: the contradiction of putting field and duck happiness water for solving paddy rice, and land for growing field crops high yield ditch will dig deeply, and to remain in ditch 10 centimetres of dark water layers, for the need that duck is had a bath.Put the way in field by burst, solve duck and drink water in field and needs of looking for food.Also duck can be arrived in the river on limit, field, the pool transition 3 ~ 4 days, or dig culvert water storage on limit, Ya Peng field, drink water for duck temporarily and have a bath, on average every 5 ~ 6 ducks have square area, and the degree of depth 0.5 meter is advisable.
(10) apply fertilizer: rice-duck farming does not generally use chemical fertilizer, disposablely before transplanting rice use sufficient base manure, based on long-acting fertilizer, the composite fertilizer of becoming thoroughly decomposed, fertilizing amount is good and bad depending on soil property.Topdress and rot to field loam with duck excreta and duckweed and replace, when soil fertility is not enough, some organic manure can be executed.For guaranteeing not to fertilize, agricultural chemicals, weed killer herbicide, realize proper organic rice to produce, rice field-upland field rotation can be passed through, plantation Industrial green manure crop (broad bean, seedling grass etc.), green manure herbage is combined or implements the technical systems such as rice, duck, duckweed do altogether with stock keeping, increase the rice field content of organic matter, increase soil fertility.
(11) seizure of duck and the results of paddy rice: after Rice Heading Grain Filling, spike of rice is sagging, the duck group between rice clump will grain on beak food spike of rice, and once beak food fringe paddy, duck just no longer goes to find other food.At this moment, group duck will be arrived in the drainage ditch that there is certain depth on limit, field between rice, and surround seizure with purse seine.Put the labour of about 60 days between rice in a suitable place to breed with duck, often only weigh 1.2 ~ 1.5 kilograms.Wherein drake can go on the market and do the sale of meat duck, and duck stable breeding can become laying ducks.Qi Suihou, treats that field muddy water forms sediment clear, just draining can put field.When putting field, face, field presents big and small crack.When reach put field require time, grain header just can be gone to the field operation.When there is a grain yellow maturity of more than 95% in full field, just can gather in the crops.
The various method performance analysis of embodiment 2
One, Economic and Efficiency Analysis
(Dai Zhuan village of Jurong City, 2012) carry out output to three kinds of different modes, and materials cost, labor cost and net income contrast, and the results are shown in Table 1.
Conventional Rice duck farming is paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods of the prior art.
The Economic and Efficiency Analysis of table 1 different mode
Can obtain from upper table 1 result, organic paddy rice nonoculture pattern of comparing, rice-duck farming pattern of the present invention, output significantly improves, although labor cost increases to some extent, last net profit still significantly improves; And conventional Rice duck farming pattern of comparing, rice-duck farming pattern output of the present invention improves, and meanwhile, materials cost significantly reduces, and last net profit also significantly improves.
Two, Ecological Benefit Analysis
Pilot survey field useful animals, caste quantity and insect pest species and quantity, the unit weight of soil, the content of organic matter, the results are shown in Table 2.
Table 2 different mode Ecological Benefit Analysis
Can be obtained by upper table 2 result, organic paddy rice nonoculture pattern of comparing, rice-duck farming pattern of the present invention, although useful animals, insect obviously reduce, harmful insect have also been obtained obvious control simultaneously; And the bulk density of soil significantly reduces, the content of organic matter significantly improves.
And conventional Rice duck farming pattern of comparing, rice-duck farming pattern of the present invention, harmful insect quantity decreases, and most importantly the bulk density of soil significantly reduces, and the content of organic matter significantly improves, and has more significant ecological benefits.

Claims (10)

1. a paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) the labour selection of duck; (2) condition of tending ducks and time; (3) to tend ducks place and region; (4) alien enemy's protecting wall is built; (5) selection of paddy rice field and construction; (6) rice varieties is selected; (7) transplantation technique; (8) biological control disease pest and weed; (9) water management; (10) apply fertilizer; (11) seizure of duck and the results of paddy rice.
2. paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) the labour selection of duck: select to sleep in the open that resistance, adaptability and vitality are strong, the hobby field activity time, addicted to eating the labour of wild plant with duck;
(2) condition of tending ducks and time: time of putting in a suitable place to breed of described duck be rice transplanting turn green to live after carry out, early rice plant after 12 ~ 15 days, in, late rice plant after 7 ~ 10 days; Duck is thrown in certain breeding density, will carry out tame and docile water before input;
(3) to tend ducks place and region: before tending ducks, build up simple and easy duck canopy at Tian Bianxian, put into duckling feed, monoblock land for growing field crops arranges Chu Fang district in addition, first allow Ya Chufang district activity 1 ~ 2 day, after conforming, duck is put into land for growing field crops;
(4) alien enemy's protecting wall is built: with nylon silk screen along ridge enclosure, purse seine height is 0.6 ~ 0.8 meter, inserts a small bamboo support for every 2 meters;
(5) selection of paddy rice field and construction: select pollution-free, water resource is enriched, physical features is smooth, Cheng Fang plot is in flakes as rice-duck farming district, ridge is high 20 ~ 30 centimetres, wide 60 ~ 80 centimetres, field surrounding is dug wide 1 ~ 2 meter, the circular groove of dark 1 ~ 1.2 meter, the field ditch that some are crossed as " well " font is dug in field, furrow width 30 ~ 40 centimetres, dark 30 centimetres; Build duck shed at rice field one jiao, the nonirrigated farmland reserving duck activity before duck shed is done to feed duck field, the movable and feed of throwing something and feeding for duck;
(6) rice varieties is selected: select organic paddy rice variety culture, hot water treatment of seeds before cultivation;
(7) transplantation technique: can transplant in whole field when the 28-32 days rice seedling on upland field length of time rice seedlings grow, 4 ~ 5 leaves, height of seedling 20 ~ 30 centimetres;
(8) biological control disease pest and weed: between rice, insect is by duck predation, for paddy stem borer pieces of an egg, application frequency vibration desinsection trapping snout moth, alleviates the ovum amount that falls;
(9) water management: before duck puts into rice field, the depth of water 3 ~ 5 centimetres; Tend ducks period, keep rice field to have water layer, only add water, not draining; During paddy rice puts field, ensure duck water;
(10) apply fertilizer: disposablely before transplanting rice use sufficient base manure, based on long-acting fertilizer, the composite fertilizer of becoming thoroughly decomposed;
(11) seizure of duck and the results of paddy rice: after Rice Heading Grain Filling, arrive in the drainage ditch that there is certain depth on limit, field by group duck, and surround seizure with purse seine between rice; Qi Suihou, treat that field muddy water forms sediment clear, field is put in draining, reaches and puts field when requiring, when there is a grain yellow maturity of more than 95% in full field, can gather in the crops.
3. paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (1), Yi Yongyawei town duck No. 1, Gaoyou sheldrake, gold determine sheldrake or Chaohu duck.
4. paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (2), breeding density is 20 ~ 22 every mu.
5. paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the method of taming and dociling water in described step (2) is: after duck hatches, fine day is selected early to tame and docile water, carry out in the cement pit of the depth of water 15 ~ 20 centimetres, tame and docile the water time from short to long, until duck can in water activity freely, water outlet hair shaft.
6. paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (3) duckling feed be water and crack rice, the fresh feed such as dish, its nursing time is that duckling is thrown in rice field and plays 9-11 days.
7. paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (5) area of duck shed be every square metre for 5 adult ducks.
8. paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the method of hoting water treatment of seeds in described step (6) is: the lukewarm water first getting out 56 ~ 57 DEG C, then dry seed rice is put in, soak seed 10 ~ 15 minutes, then pull out to put in common cold water and cool, after seed temperature is normal can seed soaking routinely, vernalization procedure operation.
9. paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described step (7), transplanting method is: the thin planting mode adopting wide row, wide strain, seeding row spacing is 30 cm x 30 centimetres, or adopt cave spacing 30 centimetres of cellular regular hexagon transplanting methods, every mu 1.0 ~ 1.2 ten thousand caves, every cave 2 ~ 3 seedling, Basic Seedling every mu 5 ~ 60,000.
10. paddy rice rice-duck farming implantation methods according to claim 1, is characterized in that, ensures that the method for duck water is in described step (9): land for growing field crops high yield ditch digs deeply, and to remain in ditch 10 centimetres of dark water layers, for the need that duck is had a bath; Or put the way in field by burst, solve duck and drink water in field and needs of looking for food; Or duck to be arrived in the river on limit, field, the pool transition 3 ~ 4 days, or digs culvert water storage on limit, Ya Peng field, drink water for duck and have a bath, on average every 5 ~ 6 ducks have square area, the degree of depth 0.5 meter temporarily.
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CN107125069A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-09-05 钟维莉 A kind of implantation methods of ecological organic rice
CN107125073A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-05 巫山天地农业开发有限公司 A kind of method of rice-duck commensalisms
CN107155750A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-15 巫山天地农业开发有限公司 A kind of paddy rice planting method of ecological circulation
CN107197730A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-26 巫山天地农业开发有限公司 A kind of paddy rice planting method of green non-pollution
CN107333604A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-10 重庆市农业科学院 A kind of rice duck fish three dimensional-planting-breeding method and plant
CN107372300A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-11-24 颍上县鑫农粮食种植专业合作社 A kind of breeding method of duck-raising enclosed paddy fieldses
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CN106034610A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-10-26 句容市农业技术推广中心 Hilly downland eroded field ecological cyclic system construction method
CN106069442A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-09 望江县农旺农业专业合作社 A kind of method of rice-duck farming plantation non-pollution rice
CN106069448A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 衡山县鑫华农业发展有限责任公司 A kind of ecology planting method of Oryza sativa L.
CN106069450A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-09 扬州大学 A kind of rice/duck grass/goose continuous cropping production method
CN106258688A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-01-04 五常市翠京元生态农业发展有限公司 Duck bacterium rice stereo plantation method
CN106613586A (en) * 2016-10-09 2017-05-10 中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所 Cultivation method for organic rice in subtropical hilly region
CN106719426A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-05-31 湖南农业大学 A kind of double cropping of rice rice field high density duck culturing system and duck culturing method
CN107018835A (en) * 2017-04-24 2017-08-08 湖南农业大学 A kind of rice-duck intergrowth cultural method
CN107125069A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-09-05 钟维莉 A kind of implantation methods of ecological organic rice
CN107197730A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-26 巫山天地农业开发有限公司 A kind of paddy rice planting method of green non-pollution
CN107155750A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-15 巫山天地农业开发有限公司 A kind of paddy rice planting method of ecological circulation
CN107125073A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-05 巫山天地农业开发有限公司 A kind of method of rice-duck commensalisms
CN107372300A (en) * 2017-07-05 2017-11-24 颍上县鑫农粮食种植专业合作社 A kind of breeding method of duck-raising enclosed paddy fieldses
CN107333604A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-10 重庆市农业科学院 A kind of rice duck fish three dimensional-planting-breeding method and plant
CN107711365A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-02-23 舒城县文禾种植专业合作社 A kind of duck rice symbiosis production organic paddy rice and the co-planting method of organic duck
CN108633837A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-10-12 张文茜 A kind of method for breeding of rice duck poultry
CN109006681A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-18 宫照鑫 A kind of feeding method of ecology duck seed rice
CN110892852A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-03-20 安徽信福乡田生态农业有限公司 Three-dimensional rice and duck co-breeding ecological system

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Application publication date: 20151209