CN104541915B - A kind of method of fruit and vegerable interplanting - Google Patents

A kind of method of fruit and vegerable interplanting Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104541915B
CN104541915B CN201510041837.5A CN201510041837A CN104541915B CN 104541915 B CN104541915 B CN 104541915B CN 201510041837 A CN201510041837 A CN 201510041837A CN 104541915 B CN104541915 B CN 104541915B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
planting site
year
fertilizer
ditch
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201510041837.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104541915A (en
Inventor
何雪艳
刘雪梅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Liuyang Yugong Ecological Agriculture Development Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
Wenzhou Runwu E-Commerce Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wenzhou Runwu E-Commerce Co Ltd filed Critical Wenzhou Runwu E-Commerce Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510041837.5A priority Critical patent/CN104541915B/en
Publication of CN104541915A publication Critical patent/CN104541915A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104541915B publication Critical patent/CN104541915B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The method that the present invention relates to the interplanting of a kind of fruit and vegerable, refer in forest land, hillside joint implant common vetch dish and the method for Folium Eriobotryae, specifically include following operating procedure: include the transformation in forest land, hillside, Folium Eriobotryae, the planting of common vetch dish, the pruning and applying fertilizer of Folium Eriobotryae, seedlings cultivating and the fertilising of common vetch dish of common vetch dish, irrigates, cultivates.Common vetch dish can be plucked after can significantly improving the yield and quality of common vetch dish, and the 3rd year by technique scheme every year, and the Folium Eriobotryae yield simultaneously interplanted is high, improves agricultural performance.

Description

A kind of method of fruit and vegerable interplanting
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural production, the method being specifically related to the interplanting of a kind of fruit and vegerable.
Background technology
Common vetch dish, formal name used at school purple dustpan, belong to perennial pteridophyta, have in mountain area, Dabie Mountain and exist widely. Containing the various trace elements such as rich in protein, vitamin and potassium, calcium, squama, common vetch in common vetch dish Dish not only can be made into the dish of delicious food, have more anticancer, heat clearing away, detoxify, lose weight, the merit such as beauty treatment Effect, has obvious inhibitory action to the virus such as influenza, encephalitis B simultaneously, be long-term outlet, Be in great demand overseas vegetable, is particularly exported to Japan.
At present, common vetch dish is field acquisition mostly, although also have a local experiment artificial growth, but its Yielding poorly, the common vetch dish stem of collection is thin, poor quality, and after plucking one, two years, common vetch dish will be withered Or no longer bract bud.
Summary of the invention
The method that it is an object of the invention to provide the interplanting of a kind of fruit and vegerable, it can effectively solve above-mentioned asking Topic, the yield of common vetch dish is high, and common vetch dish is sturdy, quality better, can pluck for a long time, will not the underproduction.
For achieving the above object, present invention employs techniques below scheme:
The method of a kind of fruit and vegerable interplanting, refers in forest land, hillside joint implant common vetch dish and the side of Folium Eriobotryae Method, specifically includes following operating procedure:
S1: become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site behind whole ground respectively along hillside etc. High line is offered, and domatic outside between adjacent planting site uses stone heap to build a dam the ridge, in each planting site Portion offers ditch, ditch along the length direction of planting site offer and in ditch along its length between Every arranging compartment, ditch is separated into each tank by compartment, and the two ends compartment of each tank is respectively provided with First and second flowing water mouth, the cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth, on same tank the 3rd The height of the height of flowing water mouth and the less flowing water mouth of first and second flowing water mouth camber keeps consistent, Compartment and the 3rd flowing water mouth on adjacent ditch are arranged in interleaved shape respectively, the top in forest land, hillside Ditch, portion is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with the sparge pipe that horizontal shape is arranged, Being arranged at intervals with hole for water spraying/shower nozzle on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe, the water outlet direction of hole for water spraying/shower nozzle is oblique Pointing to the sidewall of Ba Geng, planting site is divided into and is positioned at the first planting site inside ditch and position by ditch The second planting site outside ditch, the first planting site uses improvement soil to fill out whole forming, conditioned soil Earth is that dry land soil, peat soil and fire loam mix according to the weight ratio of 0.5:1:0.2~0.8:1:0.4 Conjunction preparation obtains, and dry land soil is the paddy soils taken after rice terrace draining dry field 3~June, dry field Period is not sowed crop and digs 2~3 times, and fire loam is that straw, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till Fire ash obtains according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2~3 with forest land soil (native country in forest land, hillside);
S2: autumn Mo in the first year excavates planting hole deep for 0.6m in the second planting site, in planting hole Throw in 1.5kg weeds, then by 0.2kg Calx, 2.0kg poultry muck, 1.0kg cake fertilizer pressure Real, covering with plastic film becomes thoroughly decomposed, and become thoroughly decomposed the liftoff film of recession, stirs the fertilizer in planting hole Spread, the Folium Eriobotryae seedling downgraded of planting in planting hole at the beginning of winter Mo in the first year or spring then, irrigate with water, Then Folium Eriobotryae pumping young sprout turn green aging after water fertile twice with one-level dilute rich water interval, water fertilizer for twice Between be spaced 20d, containing 2% carbamide and 0.5% potassium chloride in the dilute rich water of one-level, spring, summer, autumn, winter Taking out the most secondary respectively, Post flowering carries out flower thinning;In autumn in the same year by the common vetch of artificial propagation/wild Dish Seedling is planted interval, place bottom the next-door neighbour ridge, dam, ground at first kind and is planted, and pours water in ditch, And the water surface elevation in ditch is less than the ground level 12~17cm of the first planting site, stop after the Frost's Descent Irrigate and at one layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding of the first planting site;
S3: Second Year start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) irrigate, 4~common vetch dish in May start bract bud, every day after bract bud Open night hole for water spraying/shower nozzle carry out 3~5min spread spray/spray painting, bract bud First Year is not to common vetch dish Pluck;Folium Eriobotryae young sprout in spring turns green aging rear interval with two grades of dilute rich water and waters fertilizer twice, twice Water interval 20d between fertilizer, containing 5% carbamide and 1% potassium chloride in two grades of dilute rich water, loquat is entered Row prune and tie rod make Folium Eriobotryae tree crown be the angle between globular model, major branch and mobile jib be 50~55 °, Post flowering carries out flower thinning, Second Year Fertilizer In Autumn barnyard manure and compound fertilizer, the applying of barnyard manure Amount is 500~800kg/ mus, and the applied amount of compound fertilizer is 200~250kg/ mus;Second Year August Broadcasting sowing rye grass the first tenday period of a month on first and second planting site, before ryegrass seed sowing, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g pak-chor 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilis Bacterium GB03 bacterium solution is that bacillus subtilis GB03 mother solution dilution 10 times is formulated, hay spore OD in bacillus GB03 mother solution600It is 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed and 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate after seed soaking, 10kg fire loam is mixed and is all broadcasted sowing, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, and rye grass is raw Carry out when length is to plant height 40~45cm gathering in for the first time as farming animals herbage, stay during harvesting for the first time Stubble 5~8cm, promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, and rye grass regrows to plant height 35~40cm Shi Jinhang aftercrop and by harvesting herbage and leaves bedding on the ground of first and second planting site Table, toothing 1~3cm during aftercrop, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating;
S4: from the beginning of the 3rd year, is repeated below operation every year: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, and 3, Common vetch dish is applied once to help bud fertile by April, and after bract bud, night every day opens hole for water spraying/shower nozzle and carries out 3~5min spread spray/spray painting, 4~May common vetch dish is plucked 3~4 times, spring end Folium Eriobotryae new life is slightly Turn green aging rear interval with three grades of dilute rich water and water fertilizer twice, water for twice and between fertilizer, be spaced 20d, three grades Containing 8% carbamide and 1.5% potassium chloride in dilute rich water, loquat is pruned and tie rod so that Angle between newborn major branch and mobile jib is 50~55 °, and Post flowering carries out flower thinning, after plucking fruit and Using a barnyard manure and compound fertilizer autumn respectively, each applied amount of barnyard manure is 500~800kg/ mus, Each applied amount of compound fertilizer is 200~250kg/ mus;Second Year early August is at first and second kind Planting and broadcast sowing rye grass on the ground, before ryegrass seed sowing, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g pak-chor 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution is hay Bacillus cereus GB03 mother solution dilution 10 times is formulated, OD in bacillus subtilis GB03 mother solution600 Being 0.8~1.0, after seed soaking, ryegrass seed is mixed all to enter with 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam Row broadcasts sowing, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, and Ryegrass Growth is to plant height 40~45cm Shi Jinhang harvesting for the first time is as farming animals herbage, and toothing 5~8cm during harvesting, promotes rye (Secale cereale L.) for the first time Grass tiller and regeneration, rye grass carries out aftercrop also when regrowing to plant height 35~40cm By harvesting herbage and leaves bedding on the earth's surface of first and second planting site, toothing during aftercrop 1~3cm;Stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating, help bud fertilizer for fire loam and people and animals' urine/carbamide mixed preparing Obtain.
The plantation of common vetch dish, topmost is exactly the control of liquid manure, common vetch dish happiness water happiness the moon, but is also afraid of Waterlogging, and the harshest to soil for growth.The present invention is by the transformation in forest land, above-mentioned hillside, water The irrigation system that ditch is constituted, it is possible to make the forest land, irrigation whole hillside of uniform fluid flow, ditch simultaneously In water lev el control less than the first planting site earth's surface 12~17cm, it is ensured that the happiness water of common vetch dish irrigate and Not havinging waterlogging, common vetch dish is planted bottom the ridge, dam, will get well more than level land planting effect, Common vetch dish is affected by Ba Geng so that the new stem and leaf sent out grows to away from Ba Geng side so that it is interior Phytohormone stimulates root to sprout more spore, improves yield, the simultaneously setting of Ba Geng, can So that first kind is planted ground side's current and does not oozes from its underpart from the trickling of the earth's surface of the first planting site Thoroughly in ditch, prevent common vetch dish waterlogging, it addition, the Ba Geng that stone heap is built, can be in forest land transformation Initial stage plays fixation, and preventing came down during rainy season causes forest land, hillside to be ruined;Hole for water spraying/shower nozzle Spray in short-term at night, Simulated rainwater sky so that the sparse spray of part rainwater, on common vetch dish bud, promotees Enter the growth of common vetch dish bud so that common vetch dish bud is more sturdy;The improvement soil of the most above-mentioned preparation, Acidity and fertilizer are supported the optimal demand more grown with common vetch dish and are matched so that common vetch dish is more sturdy, separately Outer rye grass can vegetate in the soil property of the first planting site, and the rye grass of harvesting, leaves enter Row covers so that common vetch dish can preferably be survived the winter, it is ensured that common vetch dish germinates spore the coming year, rye grass, tree The applying rotted and help bud fertile of leaf can be good at supplementing fertility and the regulation of the first planting site Acidity so that common vetch dish can be plucked every year.
It addition, use the loquat of such scheme plantation, survival rate 100%, Folium Eriobotryae is the most all Being greenery, peripheral at common vetch dish forms the fence sheltered from heat or light, it is ensured that the common vetch dish demand to growing environment, Shorten the cycle of whole forest land transformation simultaneously.It addition, Folium Eriobotryae and the joint implant of common vetch dish, Ke Yiti The economic benefit of high growing vegetables.The Folium Eriobotryae seedling downgraded directly can be commercially available from nursery factory, energy Enough quickly grow into forest, meanwhile, the fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed in advance can ensure that Folium Eriobotryae seedling to the demand of nutrient with And prevent from fertilizer from becoming thoroughly decomposed seedling root system burning to death, the fertilising changed year by year, also it is based on loquat The growth demand of Seedling different periods and set, loquat First Year is to protect to survive, and needs low concentration Fertilizer waters fertile and whole flower thinning, and Second Year is to protect strong sprout, and in needs, concentration fertilizer waters fertile and removes 90% Flower, the 3rd year and be to protect yield, needs higher concentration fertilizer water fertile and remove 20~30% later Flower.It addition, the loquat downgraded, reduce loquat flower thinning, fruit thinning, bagging, the work gathered Intensity, simultaneously, it is ensured that rationally sheltering from heat or light of common vetch dish.
Certainly, the above-mentioned simply simple Main Function illustrating that each factor is individually played, by each because of The mutually coordinated effect of element so that common vetch dish can the most all carry out the harvesting of high yield, and pluck Common vetch dish is sturdy, quality better.
Detailed scheme is:
The height of Ba Geng is 60~80cm, and it is 30~35cm that improvement soil fills out whole thickness, improvement Soil is filled out the downside of flood and is provided with sandy soils, extends in sandy soils bottom the ridge, dam, plants for second kind The ground level on ground is higher than the ground level 20~25cm of the first planting site.Can be second after Second Year Planting Camellia sinensis on planting site, Camellia sinensis is positioned at the inner side of loquat and interval-staggered with loquat. Improvement soil is dry land soil, peat soil and the fire loam weight ratio mixed preparing according to 0.5:1:0.2 Obtain, help bud fertilizer be 50kg fire loam and 10L people and animals' urine preparation obtain.Downgrade Folium Eriobotryae branch Bar is the most in great numbers, just as forming a hedge hurdle in the outside in ditch, the most within it plants bigger tea Seedling, Camellia sinensis happiness the moon, it is possible to well growing, many crops are interplanted, and improve whole economic benefit.
Technique scheme can significantly improve after the yield and quality of common vetch dish, and the 3rd year annual the most all Can pluck common vetch dish, the Folium Eriobotryae simultaneously planted also is able to realize high yield, improves the warp of peasant Ji income.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation in ditch is offered on Fig. 1 is domatic;
Fig. 2 is domatic sectional schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make objects and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment to this Bright it is specifically described.Should be appreciated that following word is only in order to describe the one of the present invention or several Planting specific embodiment, the protection domain of not concrete to present invention request carries out considered critical.
Following embodiment 1~2 is in the cool breeze farm of Yuexi County Hong Sheng agricultural science and technology company limited Carrying out, spore refers to send tender white spore on the common vetch dish root and stem of certain plants, and spore is plucked after growing up to common vetch dish, Loose stool water is people and animals' urine and 2 times of water mixed preparing obtain, urea water be 100~200g carbamide and The preparation of 1L water obtains.The concrete amount of application of fertilizer not clearly stated in following embodiment 1,2, this Skilled person can use in right amount according to the effect of fertilizer and use age, it is ensured that farming Reliably planting of thing, it addition, in whole planting process, be required for every year carrying out weeding, loosen the soil, Parasite killing etc. operate.In the present invention if no special instructions, the percent of component is mass concentration.
Embodiment 1
Hold fire line successfully to carry out refining mountain in forest land, selected hillside, select fine day to grill thoroughly burned for ground, burn ground After tree root, the grass root and stem of certain plants are rooted out, become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site 11 behind whole ground Equal pitch contour along hillside is offered respectively, and the domatic outside between adjacent planting site 11 uses stone heap Building a dam the ridge 12, offer ditch 13 in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along the length of planting site 11 Degree direction offers and in ditch 13, interval arranges compartment 131 along its length, and compartment 131 is by water Ditch 13 is separated into each tank, and the two ends compartment 131 of each tank is respectively provided with first and second flowing water Mouth 132, the cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth 133, the 3rd flowing water on same tank The height holding one of the flowing water mouth that the height of mouthfuls 133 is less with first and second flowing water mouth 132 camber Cause (if the height at the first-class mouth of a river is less than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 Height is consistent with the height at the first-class mouth of a river), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is handed in interval Wrong shape is arranged, the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, hillside The ditch, top 13 in forest land is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside on the ridge, dam 12 is provided with horizontal shape The sparge pipe 14 arranged, the pipe shaft of sparge pipe 14 is arranged at intervals with hole for water spraying, going out of hole for water spraying The sidewall on the ridge, oblique sensing dam, water direction 12, planting site 11 is divided into and is positioned at ditch by ditch 13 The first planting site 111 inside 13 and be positioned at the second planting site 112 outside ditch 13, first Planting site 111 uses improvement soil to fill out whole forming, and improvement soil is that dry land soil, peat soil and fire are fertile Soil obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2, dry land soil be rice terrace draining dry field 3~ The paddy soils taken after June, does not sows crop during dry field and digs 2~3 times, and fire loam is straw The fire ash that stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till obtains according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2 with forest land soil; The height on the ridge, dam 12 is 60~80cm, and it is 30~35cm that improvement soil fills out whole thickness, conditioned soil Earth is filled out the downside of flood and is provided with sandy soils 15, extends in sandy soils 15 bottom the ridge, dam 12, the The width of one planting site 111 is 30~40cm, and the width of the second planting site 112 is 1~1.2m, The ground level of the second planting site is higher than the ground level 20~25cm of the first planting site;
Autumn Mo in the first year excavates planting hole deep for 0.6m in second kind is planted 112 ground, in planting hole Throw in 1.5kg weeds, then by 0.2kg Calx, 2.0kg poultry muck, 1.0kg cake fertilizer pressure Real, covering with plastic film becomes thoroughly decomposed, and become thoroughly decomposed the liftoff film of recession, stirs the fertilizer in planting hole Spreading, plant at the beginning of winter Mo in the first year or spring then in planting hole the Folium Eriobotryae seedling 11b downgraded, and uses water Irrigate, then Folium Eriobotryae pumping young sprout turn green aging after water fertile twice with one-level dilute rich water interval, twice Water between fertilizer interval 20d, containing 2% carbamide and 0.5% potassium chloride in the dilute rich water of one-level, the spring, the summer, Autumn, winter take out the most secondary respectively, and Post flowering is all extractd;In autumn in the same year by the common vetch of artificial propagation Dish Seedling 11a is close to place bottom the ridge, dam 12 on the first planting site 111 and plants at interval, plants The width in cave is 20~25 centimetres, and size is 20 × 20cm, plants by spacing in the rows 15cm, during transplanting, Common vetch dish Seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, does not hinder root system, waters and determine root water after cultivation, and fills in ditch 13 Water surface elevation in water, and ditch 13 is less than the ground level 12~17cm of the first planting site 111, Stop irrigation the one layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding at the first planting site 111 after the Frost's Descent, can be selected for miscellaneous tree The leaves descended slowly and lightly and Folium Pini carry out bedding;
Second Year start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) irrigate, 4~common vetch dish in May start bract bud, night every day after bract bud Open hole for water spraying and carry out the spray of spreading of 3~5min, before spore and enter with loose stool water or urea water after spore Row topdresses and carries Seedling, and common vetch dish is not plucked by bract bud First Year;Folium Eriobotryae young sprout in spring turn green aging after Water fertile twice with two grades of dilute rich water intervals, water interval 20d between fertilizer for twice, two grades of dilute rich water contain There are 5% carbamide and 1% potassium chloride, loquat 11b pruned and tie rod makes loquat 11b Hat angle in globular model, between major branch and mobile jib is 50~55 °, tie rod be use soft rope along The reverse direction of shoot growth is left behind, and the bamboo let that the other end ground of soft rope plugs is fixed, and adjusts Angle between major branch and trunk is 50~55 °, after branch molding, is taken off by soft rope;Post flowering Removing the flower of 90%, Second Year Fertilizer In Autumn barnyard manure and compound fertilizer, the applied amount of barnyard manure is 500~800kg/ mus, the applied amount of compound fertilizer is 200~250kg/ mus;Second Year early August exists Broadcasting sowing rye grass on first and second planting site, it is withered that the front every 1kg seed of ryegrass seed sowing adds 2kg Grass bacillus cereus GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g pak-chor 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilis GB03 Bacterium solution is that bacillus subtilis GB03 mother solution dilution 10 times is formulated, bacillus subtilis GB03 OD in mother solution600It is 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed and 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire after seed soaking Loam is mixed and is all broadcasted sowing, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, and Ryegrass Growth is to strain Carry out when high 40~45cm gathering in for the first time as farming animals herbage, for the first time during harvesting toothing 5~ 8cm, promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, and rye grass is carried out when regrowing to plant height 35~40cm Aftercrop and by harvesting herbage and leaves bedding on the earth's surface of first and second planting site, second Toothing 1~3cm during secondary harvesting, stops after the Frost's Descent irrigating;
From the beginning of the 3rd year, it is repeated below operation every year: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, and 3,4 Apply common vetch dish in month once to help bud fertile, chase after with loose stool water or urea water before spore or after spore Fertilizer carries Seedling, after bract bud night every day open hole for water spraying carry out 3~5min spread spray, 4~May pair Common vetch dish is plucked 3~4 times, does not injure root during harvesting, executes loose stool water once after plucking every time;Spring End Folium Eriobotryae new life slightly turns green aging rear interval with three grades of dilute rich water and waters fertile twice, between twice is watered between fertilizer Every 20d, containing 8% carbamide and 1.5% potassium chloride in three grades of dilute rich water, loquat 11b is repaiied Cut and tie rod so that the angle between newborn major branch and mobile jib is 50~55 °, and Post flowering is dredged Flower, pluck fruit after and use a barnyard manure and compound fertilizer autumn respectively, each applied amount of barnyard manure is 500~800kg/ mus, each applied amount of compound fertilizer is 200~250kg/ mus;On Second Year August Broadcasting sowing rye grass ten days on first and second planting site, before ryegrass seed sowing, every 1kg seed adds 2kg Bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g pak-chor 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilis GB03 Bacterium solution is that bacillus subtilis GB03 mother solution dilution 10 times is formulated, bacillus subtilis GB03 OD in mother solution600It is 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed and 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire after seed soaking Loam is mixed and is all broadcasted sowing, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, and Ryegrass Growth is to strain Carry out when high 40~45cm gathering in for the first time as farming animals herbage, for the first time during harvesting toothing 5~ 8cm, promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, and rye grass is carried out when regrowing to plant height 35~40cm Aftercrop and by harvesting herbage and leaves bedding on the earth's surface of first and second planting site, second Toothing 1~3cm during secondary harvesting, stops after the Frost's Descent irrigating, and helping bud fertilizer is 50kg fire loam and 10L The preparation of people and animals' urine obtains.
Embodiment 2
Hold fire line successfully to carry out refining mountain in forest land, selected hillside, select fine day to grill thoroughly burned for ground, burn ground After tree root, the grass root and stem of certain plants are rooted out, become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site 11 behind whole ground Equal pitch contour along hillside is offered respectively, and the domatic outside between adjacent planting site 11 uses stone heap Building a dam the ridge 12, offer ditch 13 in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along the length of planting site 11 Degree direction offers and in ditch 13, interval arranges compartment 131 along its length, and compartment 131 is by water Ditch 13 is separated into each tank, and the two ends compartment 131 of each tank is respectively provided with first and second flowing water Mouth 132, the cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth 133, the 3rd flowing water on same tank The height holding one of the flowing water mouth that the height of mouthfuls 133 is less with first and second flowing water mouth 132 camber Cause (if the height at the first-class mouth of a river is less than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 Height is consistent with the height at the first-class mouth of a river), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is handed in interval Wrong shape is arranged, the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, hillside The ditch, top 13 in forest land is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside on the ridge, dam 12 is provided with horizontal shape The sparge pipe 14 arranged, the pipe shaft of sparge pipe 14 is arranged at intervals with shower nozzle, the water outlet side of shower nozzle To the sidewall on the ridge, oblique sensing dam 12, planting site 11 is divided into and is positioned at ditch 13 by ditch 13 First planting site 111 of side and be positioned at the second planting site 112 outside ditch 13, the first planting site 111 use improvement soil to fill out whole forming, improvement soil be dry land soil, peat soil and fire loam according to The weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.8:1:0.4 obtains, after dry land soil is rice terrace draining dry field 3~June The paddy soils taken, does not sows crop during dry field and digs 2~3 times, fire loam be straw, Fiery grey and forest land soil (native country in forest land, hillside) that tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till is according to the weight of 1:3 Obtain than mixed preparing;The height on the ridge, dam 12 is 60~80cm, and improvement soil is filled out whole thickness and is 30~35cm, improvement soil is filled out the downside of flood and is provided with sandy soils, extends to bottom the ridge, dam 12 In sandy soils, the width of the first planting site 111 is 30~40cm, the width of the second planting site 112 It is 1~1.2m;
Autumn Mo in the first year excavates planting hole deep for 0.6m in second kind is planted 112 ground, in planting hole Throw in 1.5kg weeds, then by 0.2kg Calx, 2.0kg poultry muck, 1.0kg cake fertilizer pressure Real, covering with plastic film becomes thoroughly decomposed, and become thoroughly decomposed the liftoff film of recession, stirs the fertilizer in planting hole Spreading, plant at the beginning of winter Mo in the first year or spring then in planting hole the loquat 11b Seedling 11b downgraded, Irrigate with water, then Folium Eriobotryae pumping young sprout turn green aging after water fertile twice with one-level dilute rich water interval, Water interval 20d between fertilizer for twice, containing 2% carbamide and 0.5% potassium chloride in the dilute rich water of one-level, the spring, Summer, autumn, winter take out the most secondary respectively, and Post flowering is all extractd;In autumn in the same year by artificial propagation Common vetch dish Seedling 11a be close on the first planting site 111 bottom the ridge, dam 12 locate interval plant, The width of planting hole is 20~25 centimetres, and size is 20 × 20cm, plants by spacing in the rows 15cm, moves During cultivation, common vetch dish Seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, does not hinder root system, waters and determine root water after cultivation, and in ditch 13 Inside pour water, and the water surface elevation in ditch 13 less than the first planting site 111 ground level 12~ 17cm, stops irrigation the one layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding at the first planting site 111 after the Frost's Descent, optional The leaves descended slowly and lightly with miscellaneous tree and Folium Pini carry out bedding;
Second Year start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) irrigate, 4~common vetch dish in May start bract bud, night every day after bract bud Open hole for water spraying and carry out the spray of spreading of 3~5min, before spore and enter with loose stool water or urea water after spore Row topdresses and carries Seedling, and common vetch dish is not plucked by bract bud First Year;Folium Eriobotryae young sprout in spring turn green aging after Water fertile twice with two grades of dilute rich water intervals, water interval 20d between fertilizer for twice, two grades of dilute rich water contain There are 5% carbamide and 1% potassium chloride, loquat 11b pruned and tie rod makes loquat 11b Hat angle in globular model, between major branch and mobile jib is 50~55 °, tie rod be use soft rope along The reverse direction of shoot growth is left behind, and the bamboo let that the other end ground of soft rope plugs is fixed, and adjusts Angle between major branch and trunk is 50~55 °, after branch molding, is taken off by soft rope;Post flowering Removing the flower of 90%, Second Year Fertilizer In Autumn barnyard manure and compound fertilizer, the applied amount of barnyard manure is 500~800kg/ mus, the applied amount of compound fertilizer is 200~250kg/ mus;Second Year early August exists Broadcasting sowing rye grass on first and second planting site, it is withered that the front every 1kg seed of ryegrass seed sowing adds 2kg Grass bacillus cereus GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g pak-chor 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilis GB03 Bacterium solution is that bacillus subtilis GB03 mother solution dilution 10 times is formulated, bacillus subtilis GB03 OD in mother solution600It is 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed and 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire after seed soaking Loam is mixed and is all broadcasted sowing, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, and Ryegrass Growth is to strain Carry out when high 40~45cm gathering in for the first time as farming animals herbage, for the first time during harvesting toothing 5~ 8cm, promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, and rye grass is carried out when regrowing to plant height 35~40cm Aftercrop and by harvesting herbage and leaves bedding on the earth's surface of first and second planting site, second Toothing 1~3cm during secondary harvesting, stops after the Frost's Descent irrigating;
From the beginning of the 3rd year, it is repeated below operation every year: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, and 3,4 Apply common vetch dish in month once to help bud fertile, chase after with loose stool water or urea water before spore or after spore Fertilizer carries Seedling, after bract bud night every day open hole for water spraying carry out 3~5min spread spray, 4~May pair Common vetch dish is plucked 3~4 times, does not injure root during harvesting, executes loose stool water once after plucking every time;Spring End Folium Eriobotryae new life slightly turns green aging rear interval with three grades of dilute rich water and waters fertile twice, between twice is watered between fertilizer Every 20d, containing 8% carbamide and 1.5% potassium chloride in three grades of dilute rich water, loquat 11b is repaiied Cut and tie rod so that the angle between newborn major branch and mobile jib is 50~55 °, and Post flowering is dredged Flower, pluck fruit after and use a barnyard manure and compound fertilizer autumn respectively, each applied amount of barnyard manure is 500~800kg/ mus, each applied amount of compound fertilizer is 200~250kg/ mus;On Second Year August Broadcasting sowing rye grass ten days on first and second planting site, before ryegrass seed sowing, every 1kg seed adds 2kg Bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g pak-chor 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilis GB03 Bacterium solution is that bacillus subtilis GB03 mother solution dilution 10 times is formulated, bacillus subtilis GB03 OD in mother solution600It is 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed and 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire after seed soaking Loam is mixed and is all broadcasted sowing, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, and Ryegrass Growth is to strain Carry out when high 40~45cm gathering in for the first time as farming animals herbage, for the first time during harvesting toothing 5~ 8cm, promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, and rye grass is carried out when regrowing to plant height 35~40cm Aftercrop and by harvesting herbage and leaves bedding on the earth's surface of first and second planting site, second Secondary harvesting time toothing 1~3cm, after the Frost's Descent stop irrigate, help bud fertilizer for fire loam and carbamide according to The weight ratio mixed preparing of 100:5 obtains, and prepares after carbamide is dissolved by front water fertile with fire again Soil carries out mixed preparing.
In above-described embodiment 1,2, the plantation amount of every mu of common vetch dish is 2000~2500 strains, every mu of year Produce 330 kilograms of fresh common vetch dishes, pluck a length of the 15~20cm of fresh common vetch dish, the root of fresh common vetch dish root A diameter of 0.8~1.2cm, the fibrosis of fresh common vetch dish is low.
The plantation of tradition level land, the plantation amount of mu common vetch dish is 4500~6000 strains, produces 300 per year for every mu Kilogram fresh common vetch dish, plucks a length of the 15~20cm of fresh common vetch dish, and the root diameter (RD) of fresh common vetch dish root is 0.3~0.6cm, the fibrosis on fresh common vetch dish surface is high.
It addition, in embodiment 1,2, loquat 11b mu carries 70 strains, after the 3rd year, every strain Loquat 11b can gather in the crops 28~35 kilograms of Folium Eriobotryaes.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the art Those of ordinary skill for, after knowing content described in the present invention, former without departing from the present invention On the premise of reason, it is also possible to it is made some equal conversion and replacement, these convert on an equal basis and replace In generation, also should be regarded as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a method for fruit and vegerable interplanting, refers to forest land, hillside joint implant common vetch dish and Folium Eriobotryae Method, specifically includes following operating procedure:
S1: become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site behind whole ground respectively along hillside etc. High line is offered, and domatic outside between adjacent planting site uses stone heap to build a dam the ridge, in each planting site Portion offers ditch, ditch along the length direction of planting site offer and in ditch along its length between Every arranging compartment, ditch is separated into each tank by compartment, and the two ends compartment of each tank is respectively provided with First and second flowing water mouth, the cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth, on same tank the 3rd The height of the height of flowing water mouth and the less flowing water mouth of first and second flowing water mouth camber keeps consistent, The 3rd flowing water mouth on adjacent ditch is that interleaved shape is arranged, the ditch, top in forest land, hillside and confession Water device is connected, and the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with the sparge pipe that horizontal shape is arranged, the pipe of sparge pipe It is arranged at intervals with hole for water spraying/shower nozzle with it, the oblique sensing in the water outlet direction Ba Geng's of hole for water spraying/shower nozzle Sidewall, planting site is divided into the first planting site being positioned at inside ditch and is positioned at outside ditch by ditch The second planting site, the first planting site uses improvement soil to fill out whole forming, improvement soil be dry land soil, Peat soil and fire loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2~0.8:1:0.4, Dry land soil does not sows work during the paddy soils taken after rice terrace draining dry field 3~June, dry field Thing and digging 2~3 times, fire loam is the fire ash that burns till of straw, tree branches and leaves, weeds and forest land soil Obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2~3;
S2: autumn Mo in the first year excavates planting hole deep for 0.6m in the second planting site, in planting hole Throw in 1.5kg weeds, then by 0.2kg Calx, 2.0kg poultry muck, 1.0kg cake fertilizer pressure Real, covering with plastic film becomes thoroughly decomposed, and become thoroughly decomposed the liftoff film of recession, stirs the fertilizer in planting hole Spread, the Folium Eriobotryae seedling downgraded of planting in planting hole at the beginning of winter Mo in the first year or spring then, irrigate with water, Then Folium Eriobotryae pumping young sprout turn green aging after water fertile twice with one-level dilute rich water interval, water fertilizer for twice Between be spaced 20d, containing 2% carbamide and 0.5% potassium chloride in the dilute rich water of one-level, spring, summer, autumn, winter Taking out the most secondary respectively, Post flowering carries out flower thinning;In autumn in the same year by the common vetch of artificial propagation/wild Dish Seedling is planted interval, place bottom the next-door neighbour ridge, dam, ground at first kind and is planted, and pours water in ditch, And the water surface elevation in ditch is less than the ground level 12~17cm of the first planting site, stop after the Frost's Descent Irrigate and at one layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding of the first planting site;
S3: Second Year start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) irrigate, 4~common vetch dish in May start bract bud, every day after bract bud Open night hole for water spraying/shower nozzle carry out 3~5min spread spray/spray painting, bract bud First Year is not to common vetch dish Pluck;Folium Eriobotryae young sprout in spring turns green aging rear interval with two grades of dilute rich water and waters fertilizer twice, twice Water interval 20d between fertilizer, containing 5% carbamide and 1% potassium chloride in two grades of dilute rich water, loquat is entered Row prune and tie rod make Folium Eriobotryae tree crown be the angle between globular model, major branch and mobile jib be 50~55 °, Post flowering carries out flower thinning, Second Year Fertilizer In Autumn barnyard manure and compound fertilizer, the applying of barnyard manure Amount is 500~800kg/ mus, and the applied amount of compound fertilizer is 200~250kg/ mus;Second Year August Broadcasting sowing rye grass the first tenday period of a month on first and second planting site, before ryegrass seed sowing, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g pak-chor 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilis Bacterium GB03 bacterium solution is that bacillus subtilis GB03 mother solution dilution 10 times is formulated, hay spore OD in bacillus GB03 mother solution600It is 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed and 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate after seed soaking, 10kg fire loam is mixed and is all broadcasted sowing, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, and rye grass is raw Carry out when length is to plant height 40~45cm gathering in for the first time as farming animals herbage, stay during harvesting for the first time Stubble 5~8cm, promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, and rye grass regrows to plant height 35~40cm Shi Jinhang aftercrop and by harvesting herbage and leaves bedding on the ground of first and second planting site Table, toothing 1~3cm during aftercrop, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating;
S4: from the beginning of the 3rd year, is repeated below operation every year: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, and 3, Common vetch dish is applied once to help bud fertile by April, and after bract bud, night every day opens hole for water spraying/shower nozzle and carries out 3~5min spread spray/spray painting, 4~May common vetch dish is plucked 3~4 times, spring end Folium Eriobotryae new life is slightly Turn green aging rear interval with three grades of dilute rich water and water fertilizer twice, water for twice and between fertilizer, be spaced 20d, three grades Containing 8% carbamide and 1.5% potassium chloride in dilute rich water, loquat is pruned and tie rod so that Angle between newborn major branch and mobile jib is 50~55 °, and Post flowering carries out flower thinning, after plucking fruit and Using a barnyard manure and compound fertilizer autumn respectively, each applied amount of barnyard manure is 500~800kg/ mus, Each applied amount of compound fertilizer is 200~250kg/ mus;Second Year early August is at first and second kind Planting and broadcast sowing rye grass on the ground, before ryegrass seed sowing, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g pak-chor 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilis GB03 bacterium solution is hay Bacillus cereus GB03 mother solution dilution 10 times is formulated, OD in bacillus subtilis GB03 mother solution600 Being 0.8~1.0, after seed soaking, ryegrass seed is mixed all to enter with 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam Row broadcasts sowing, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, and Ryegrass Growth is to plant height 40~45cm Shi Jinhang harvesting for the first time is as farming animals herbage, and toothing 5~8cm during harvesting, promotes rye (Secale cereale L.) for the first time Grass tiller and regeneration, rye grass carries out aftercrop also when regrowing to plant height 35~40cm By harvesting herbage and leaves bedding on the earth's surface of first and second planting site, toothing during aftercrop 1~3cm;Stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating, help bud fertilizer for fire loam and people and animals' urine/carbamide mixed preparing Obtain.
The method of fruit and vegerable the most according to claim 1 interplanting, it is characterised in that: Ba Geng's Being highly 60~80cm, it is 30~35cm that improvement soil fills out whole thickness, and improvement soil fills out flood Downside be provided with sandy soils, extend to bottom the ridge, dam in sandy soils, the earth's surface of the second planting site is high Degree is higher than the ground level 20~25cm of the first planting site.
The method of fruit and vegerable the most according to claim 1 interplanting, it is characterised in that: conditioned soil Earth is that dry land soil, peat soil and fire loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2.
The method of fruit and vegerable the most according to claim 1 interplanting, it is characterised in that: help bud fertile Prepare for 50kg fire loam and 10L people and animals' urine and obtain.
CN201510041837.5A 2015-01-27 2015-01-27 A kind of method of fruit and vegerable interplanting Active CN104541915B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510041837.5A CN104541915B (en) 2015-01-27 2015-01-27 A kind of method of fruit and vegerable interplanting

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510041837.5A CN104541915B (en) 2015-01-27 2015-01-27 A kind of method of fruit and vegerable interplanting

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104541915A CN104541915A (en) 2015-04-29
CN104541915B true CN104541915B (en) 2016-09-28

Family

ID=53059854

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510041837.5A Active CN104541915B (en) 2015-01-27 2015-01-27 A kind of method of fruit and vegerable interplanting

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104541915B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112198916B (en) * 2020-10-22 2021-05-14 广州海睿智能科技股份有限公司 Agricultural planting environment intelligent monitoring irrigation system based on big data

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6631585B1 (en) * 2001-01-02 2003-10-14 Marvin J. Williams, Jr. Intercropping process
US7634869B1 (en) * 2001-01-02 2009-12-22 Williams Jr Marvin J Combined intercropping and mulching method
CN101258810B (en) * 2008-05-05 2012-01-04 湖南省经济地理研究所 Purple massif forestation planting grass para position allocation and mixed cultivation method
CN102308742A (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-01-11 攀枝花市锐华农业开发有限责任公司 Method for cultivating Zaozhong No.6 loquats
CN102379234B (en) * 2011-08-26 2013-11-06 福建省农业科学院农业生态研究所 Fruit bagging and tree base mulching cultivation method capable of increasing solid level of loquats
CN103416271A (en) * 2012-05-24 2013-12-04 韦广荣 Big-fruit loquat planting method in arid areas

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104541915A (en) 2015-04-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103975711A (en) Cultivation method for autumn greenhouse watermelons
CN104756730B (en) A kind of method of selenium-rich tea oil tree interplanting
CN104541917B (en) A kind of method of forest land, hillside improvement high yield interplanting tea oil tree
CN104542164B (en) A kind of interplanting method of Folium Camelliae sinensis
CN104641893A (en) Method for interplanting of camellia oleifera trees
CN104686166A (en) Method for cultivation of camellia oleifera trees in improved farmland
CN104686159A (en) Method for planting selenium-rich vegetable and fruit in farmland
CN104686162B (en) A kind of technology for the interplanting of selenium-enriched fruit and vegetable high yield
CN104686173B (en) A method of joint implant selenium-rich loquat and vegetables in farmland
CN104686171B (en) A kind of method of hillside forest land improvement high-yield culture tea oil tree
CN104541914B (en) Insect damage prevention type tea planting method
CN104686158A (en) Method for improving hillside forest land to interplant high-yielding selenium-rich camellia oleifera abel
CN104686157A (en) Selenium-rich camellia oleifera tree interplanting method
CN104541648B (en) A kind of method of hillside fields improvement plantation vegetables and fruits
CN104756689B (en) A kind of high yield joint implant method of selenium-rich loquat and vegetables
CN104541910B (en) A kind of associating high yield interplanting method of medical material
CN104541916B (en) A kind of method for improveing hillside fields planting vegetable and fruit
CN104541915B (en) A kind of method of fruit and vegerable interplanting
CN104686154A (en) Method for modifying slope fields and planting selenium-rich vegetable and fruit
CN104541911B (en) A kind of implantation methods of medical material
CN104705058B (en) A method of plantation selenium-rich vegetables and fruits are improved for hillside fields
CN104686172B (en) A method of for improveing hillside fields interplanting rich selenium vegetables and fruit
CN104542165B (en) A kind of Folium Eriobotryae and the implantation methods of vegetable
CN104718941A (en) Selenium-rich fruit and vegetable interplanting method
CN104641894B (en) A kind of implantation methods of vegetable

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: He Xueyan

Inventor after: Liu Xuemei

Inventor before: Wang Shounan

COR Change of bibliographic data
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20160826

Address after: 325000, Zhejiang, Wenzhou hi tech Industrial Development Zone, Wenchang Road, No. 178 (electricity supplier building) 101A room

Applicant after: WENZHOU RUNWU E-COMMERCE CO., LTD.

Address before: 241001 Anhui Province, Wuhu city Jinghu District Silver Lake Road No. 39 room 603

Applicant before: Wuhu Heng Nuo Enertech Co., Ltd.

C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20181114

Address after: 410300 Liuyang Industrial Park, Changsha City, Hunan Province

Patentee after: Liuyang Yugong Ecological Agriculture Development Co., Ltd.

Address before: 325000 101A room 178, Wenchang Road, Wenzhou high tech Industrial Development Zone, Zhejiang.

Patentee before: WENZHOU RUNWU E-COMMERCE CO., LTD.

TR01 Transfer of patent right