CN104756730B - A kind of method of selenium-rich tea oil tree interplanting - Google Patents

A kind of method of selenium-rich tea oil tree interplanting Download PDF

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CN104756730B
CN104756730B CN201510185133.5A CN201510185133A CN104756730B CN 104756730 B CN104756730 B CN 104756730B CN 201510185133 A CN201510185133 A CN 201510185133A CN 104756730 B CN104756730 B CN 104756730B
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fertilizer
tea oil
selenium
oil tree
planting site
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CN104756730A (en
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王寿南
胡刘满
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Yongzhou ruiguo Biotechnology Co.,Ltd.
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Anqing Ten Thousand Grass Thousand Wooden Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltds
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of method of selenium-rich tea oil tree interplanting, refer to the method in hillside forest land joint implant common vetch dish and oil tea, specifically include and hillside forest land is transformed using the improvement soil rich in Organic Selenium, site preparation, plant, trimming and fertilising, tea oil tree First Year are to protect to survive, it is necessary to which low concentration fertilizer pours fertilizer and whole flower thinnings, second year is to protect strong sprout, young sprout needs to apply fast nitrogenous fertilizer before sprouting, the 3rd year and be to protect yield, it is necessary to increase the applied amount of organic fertilizer and phosphorus potash fertilizer later.Tea oil tree is interplanted, it can be achieved that the high yield of single plant tea oil tree, improves the economic benefit of agriculture forestry planting.

Description

A kind of method of selenium-rich tea oil tree interplanting
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural production, and in particular to a kind of method of selenium-rich tea oil tree interplanting.
Background technology
Common vetch dish, scientific name purple dustpan, belongs to perennial pteridophyte, has extensive presence in Dabie Mountain mountain area.Containing rich in common vetch dish Various trace elements, the common vetch dishes such as rich protein, vitamin and potassium, calcium, squama not only can be made into the dish of delicious food, with more anti- Cancer, heat-clearing, removing toxic substances, weight-reducing, beauty and other effects, while there is obvious inhibitory action to the virus such as influenza, encephalitis B, it is long Phase outlet, be in great demand overseas vegetables, is particularly exported to Japan.
At present, common vetch dish is field acquisition mostly, although also there is place experiment artificial growth, its low output, collection Common vetch dish stem is thin, poor quality, and common vetch dish will withered or no longer bract bud after picking one, two year.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method of selenium-rich tea oil tree interplanting, it can effectively solve the above problems, common vetch The yield of dish is high, and common vetch dish is sturdy, and quality is good, can pick for a long time, will not the underproduction, with interplanting tea oil tree, it can be achieved that single plant The high yield of tea oil tree, improves the economic benefit of agriculture forestry planting.
To achieve the above object, present invention employs following technical scheme:
A kind of method of selenium-rich tea oil tree interplanting, refers to the method in hillside forest land joint implant common vetch dish and tea oil tree, has Body includes following operating procedure:
S1:By hillside forest land site preparation into staged, each planting site after site preparation is opened up along the contour on hillside respectively, adjacent Built a dam the ridge using stone heap on the outside of slope surface between planting site, each planting site middle part offers ditch, length of the ditch along planting site Degree direction opens up and is arranged at intervals compartment in ditch along its length, and ditch is separated into each sink by compartment, and the two of each sink Hold and first and second flowing water mouth is set respectively on compartment, the 3rd flowing water mouth is opened up on the cell wall on the outside of sink, the 3rd flows on same sink The height at the mouth of a river and the height of highly less flowing water mouth in first and second flowing water mouth are consistent, the 3rd stream on adjacent ditch The mouth of a river arranges that the top ditch in hillside forest land is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with interleaved shape The sparge pipe of horizontal shape arrangement, is arranged at intervals with hole for water spraying/nozzle on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe, the water outlet direction of hole for water spraying/nozzle is oblique To the side wall for being directed toward Ba Geng, planting site is divided into the first planting site on the inside of ditch and the on the outside of ditch by ditch Two planting sites, the first planting site using improvement soil fill out it is whole form, improvement soil be dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich batch mixing and fire Loam is according to 1:1:0.4:0.2~1.2:1:0.8:0.4 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains, and dry land soil is rice terrace draining dry field The paddy soils taken after 3~June, do not sow crop during dry field and dig 2~3 times, fiery loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds The fire ash burnt till is with forest land soil according to 1:2~3 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains;Selenium-rich batch mixing for 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 5~10g sodium selenites are obtained through compost maturity;
S2:3~April of First Year planted the planting hole for excavating 50~55cm depths on the ground at second kind, by 2~3 years oil generation tea Sapling plantation is set in planting hole, one layer of soil, one layer of base manure backfills planting hole, and the 20d after tea oil plantation, pours once The dilute rich water of level-one, contains 2% urea and 0.2% potassium chloride in the dilute rich water of level-one, green manure of the base manure for 10 parts by weight, 2 parts by weight The cake fertilizer mixing of poultry muck and 8 parts by weight of lime, 15 parts by weight decomposed obtain;In the tree stump week of tea oil tree during August part While opening up annular groove, apply 100g nitrogenous fertilizer in annular groove, tea oil tree Post flowering carries out flower thinning;The same year autumn by artificial breeding Grow/wild common vetch dish seedling plants at first kind and transplanted on the ground close to interval at Ba Geng bottoms, and pour water in ditch, and ditch Interior water surface elevation is less than 12~17cm of ground level of the first planting site, stops irrigating and on the ground of the first planting site after the Frost's Descent One layer of leaf of table bedding;
S3:Second year starts to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and 4~May, common vetch dish started bract bud, and daily night opening is sprayed water after bract bud Hole/3~5min's of nozzle progress spreads spray/spray painting, and bract bud First Year is not picked common vetch dish;Along the high 100~110cm of tea oil tree Place carries out pinching, and shaping is carried out to tea oil tree using natural open centre shape training type, retains 5~7 major branches on trunk, and 3 Month foot couple plants that ground turn over whole and application 500g nitrogenous fertilizer, when October open up on the tree stump periphery of tea oil tree at tree root for second Annular groove, applies 500g phosphorus potash fertilizers and 2kg biological organic fertilizers in annular groove, and tea oil tree Post flowering carries out flower thinning;The second year autumn It broadcasts sowing Chinese milk vetch on first and second planting site, and receipts and leaf bedding together are cut after first kind of plant ground Chinese milk vetch maturation It is turned on the spot after the earth's surface of the first planting site, second kind of plant ground Chinese milk vetch maturation and is buried, stops irrigating after the Frost's Descent;From second Year starts, and is planted before annual Chinese milk vetch and leaf bedding at first kind and spreads fertilizer over the fields selenium-rich clay fertilizer on the ground, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields of selenium-rich clay fertilizer is every The first planting site of mu spreads fertilizer over the fields 120~150kg, and selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 6kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 3.5kg cakes Fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenites are obtained through compost maturity;
S4:Since the 3rd year, repeat to operate as follows every year:Start to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and common vetch dish is applied in 3, April Once help bud fertile, after bract bud daily night open that hole for water spraying/nozzle carries out 3~5min spread spray/spray painting, 4~May is to common vetch dish Picking 3~4 times;Tie rod is carried out to tea oil tree major branch so that the angle between major branch and trunk is 40~45 °, on major branch Side shoot, which is trimmed and trimmed, causes the tip height of major branch to be no more than 3.5m, every plant of application 800g nitrogenous fertilizer before newly slightly sprouting, 10 Apply 800g phosphorus potash fertilizers and 5kg biological organic fertilizers for every plant during month;Tea oil tree fruit expanding period applies fruit tree punching fertilising, tea oil tree Fructescence sprays organic selenium fertilizer;Autumn broadcasts sowing Chinese milk vetch on first and second planting site, and first kind is planted ground Chinese milk vetch maturation Cut afterwards receipts and leaf together bedding the first planting site earth's surface, second kind plant ground Chinese milk vetch maturation after it is turned on the spot Bury, stop irrigating after the Frost's Descent;
Poultry muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are pulverized and mixed by 1 mass ratio matches somebody with somebody Fermentation substrate is made, according to 1:5 mass ratio mixes yeast selenium and fermentation substrate, adds water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, The product of fermentation and feed are carried out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
The plantation of common vetch dish, most important is exactly the control of liquid manure, and the happiness of common vetch dish happiness water is cloudy, but also flood afraid of water, and to life Long soil is extremely harsh.For the present invention by the transformation in above-mentioned hillside forest land, the irrigation system that ditch is formed, enables to current equal The whole hillside forest land of even irrigation, while the water level control in ditch is less than first planting site 12~17cm of earth's surface, ensures common vetch The happiness water of dish irrigates and is not in waterlogging, and common vetch dish is planted close to Ba Geng bottoms, to be got well more than level land planting effect, common vetch Dish is influenced by Ba Geng so that new cauline leaf is grown to away from Ba Geng sides so that the plant hormone in it stimulates root to sprout More gemma are sent, improve yield, while the setting of Ba Geng, the first can be caused to plant current above ground and do not planted from first kind The earth's surface on ground is trickled and is penetrated into from its underpart in ditch, prevents common vetch dish waterlogging, in addition, the Ba Geng that stone heap is built, can be in forest land The initial stage of transformation plays fixation, and landslide causes hillside forest land to be ruined when preventing rainy season;Hole for water spraying/nozzle sprays in short-term at night Leaching, Simulated rainwater day so that rainwater sparse spray in part promotes the growth of common vetch dish bud so that common vetch dish bud is more on common vetch dish bud It is sturdy;The improvement soil of above-mentioned preparation at the same time, matches so that common vetch in the optimal demand that acidity and fertilizer are supported more with the growth of common vetch dish Dish is more sturdy, and in addition Chinese milk vetch can vegetate in the soil property of the first planting site, and the Chinese milk vetch of harvesting, leaf are covered Lid so that common vetch dish can be preferably overwintering, ensure the common vetch dish coming year germination spore, Chinese milk vetch, leaf rot and help bud fertilizer apply Add the fertility that can be good at supplementing the first planting site and adjust acidity so that common vetch dish can be picked every year.
And common vetch colza plant is carried out using above-mentioned improvement soil and selenium-rich clay fertilizer, Organic Selenium can effectively be absorbed by common vetch dish, its The Se content in common vetch dish can be effectively improved, Se content about improves 3~4 times in the dry common vetch dish of harvest, and compost maturity is exactly that agricultural is raw The means of common green manure compost maturity in production.
In addition, the tea oil tree planted using the above scheme, survival rate 100%, tea oil tree is all throughout the year greenery, in common vetch The periphery of dish forms the fence of shading, ensures demand of the common vetch dish to growing environment, while shortens the cycle of whole forest land transformation.Separately Outside, the joint implant of tea oil tree and common vetch dish, can improve the economic benefit of agricultural planting.Oil tea sapling can directly be purchased from nursery factory It can buy, can quickly grow into forest, meanwhile, base manure can ensure the fertilising that oil tea sapling changes the demand of nutrient year by year, and Set according to the growth demand of oil tea sapling different periods, tea oil tree First Year is to protect to survive, it is necessary to which low concentration fertilizer pours fertilizer With whole flower thinnings, second year is to protect strong sprout, it is necessary to young sprout needs to apply fast nitrogenous fertilizer before sprouting, the 3rd year and be to protect production later Amount is, it is necessary to increase the applied amount of organic fertilizer and phosphorus potash fertilizer.In addition, the shaping of tea oil tree, ensure tea oil tree large result and right Common vetch dish is reasonably shaded.
Certainly, it is above-mentioned simply simply to illustrate the main function that each factor is individually played, pass through the mutually coordinated of each factor Effect so that common vetch dish can all carry out the picking of high yield every year, and the common vetch dish picked is sturdy, and quality is good.
Detailed scheme is:
The height of Ba Geng is 60~80cm, and it is 30~35cm that improvement soil, which fills out whole thickness, and improvement soil is filled out under flood Side is provided with sandy soils, and Ba Geng bottoms are extended in sandy soils, and the ground level of the second planting site is higher than the ground of the first planting site 20~25cm of table height.It can be planted after second year at second kind and plant tea tree on the ground, tea tree is located at the inner side of tea oil tree and and oil tea Set interval-staggered.Bud fertilizer is helped to prepare to obtain for 50kg fire loam and 10L people's retention of urine liquid.It is also in great numbers to downgrade tea oil tree branch, Just as forming a hedge column in the outside in ditch, larger tea seedling is planted on the inside of it at this time, tea tree happiness is cloudy, can be good at giving birth to Long, more crop interplantings, improve whole economic benefit.
In addition, feces of livestock and poultry rich in Organic Selenium and weeds, lime, the ripe obtained selenium-rich fertilizer of cake fertilizer mixed compaction heap and The application of fruit expanding period organic selenium fertilizer, Organic Selenium can effectively be absorbed by tea oil tree so that Se content is in the tea oil of squeezing More than 2 times in common tea oil.Fruit tree rushes fertilising should be compared with using before organic selenium fertilizer, and fruit tree, which rushes fertilising, can effectively facilitate tea oil tree pair The absorption of organic selenium fertilizer, in addition may also function as that premunition is strong, ripe early, once grease effect.
Above-mentioned technical proposal can significantly improve the yield and quality of common vetch dish, and after the 3rd year every year can to common vetch dish into Row picking, while the tea oil tree planted can also realize high yield, improve the economic well-being of workers and staff of peasant.
Brief description of the drawings
The structure diagram in ditch is opened up in Fig. 1 slope surfaces;
Fig. 2 is the sectional schematic diagram of slope surface.
Embodiment
In order to which objects and advantages of the present invention are more clearly understood, the present invention is carried out specifically with reference to embodiments It is bright.It should be appreciated that following word only to describe the present invention one or more of specific embodiments, not to the present invention The protection domain specifically asked carries out considered critical.
Following embodiments 1~2 are in my company (thousand wooden agricultural science and technology Co., Ltd of the grass of Anqing ten thousand) and Wuhu perseverance promise energy Technology Co., Ltd., the cool breeze farm (Yuexi County lotus flower village cool breeze group) of Yuexi County Hong Sheng agricultural science and technologys Co., Ltd joint development Middle progress, gemma refer to send tender white gemma on the common vetch dish root and stem of certain plants, and gemma is picked after growing up to common vetch dish, loose stool water behaviour retention of urine Liquid and 2 times of water mixed preparings obtain, and urea water is prepared to obtain for 100~200g urea and 1L water.It is unknown in following embodiments 1,2 The specific amount of application of fertilizer really illustrated, those skilled in the art can be made in right amount according to the effect of fertilizer and use age With ensureing the reliable plant of crops, in addition, in whole planting process, be required for carrying out weeding every year, loosen the soil, the behaviour such as desinsection Make.In the present invention unless otherwise instructed, the percentage of component is mass concentration.
Improvement soil used is to be made in embodiment 3~6 in embodiment 1,2, and selenium-rich clay fertilizer is to be made in embodiment 7~9 , the improvement in hillside forest land is specifically as shown in Figure 1, 2.
The fruit tree punching fertilising that fruit expanding period applies ploughs board fruit tree for the cloud of Zhengzhou Yun Geng agricultural science and technologys Co., Ltd production Punching fertilising, its application method rush for dilution and apply trickle irrigation for 800-1200 times, and dropper punching per acre applies 1.7 kilograms;Fructescence is sprayed Organic selenium fertilizer for the selenium of Anhui selenium carefree modern agriculture Science and Technology Ltd. production source board fruit tailored version organic selenium fertilizer, its Application method is 500 times of liquid of dilution, uniformly sprays and is sprayed twice in crop leaf, interval, every minor tick 7 days;The amount of spraying basis Tree-like, the age of tree is big depending on the tree-like and age of tree, the amount of spraying accordingly increases, generally per acre 1.2L~1.8L.Certainly other can also be used The fruit tree punching fertilising of company's production and organic selenium fertilizer are used, and have obtained same effect.Poultry muck is collected for raising livestock and poultry Excrement;According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are crushed and are hybridly prepared into fermentation substrate by 1 mass ratio, according to 1:5 quality Than yeast selenium and fermentation substrate are mixed, add water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, the product of fermentation and feed are mixed For raising livestock and poultry, the excrement of livestock and poultry is collected.
Embodiment 1
Fire line is held successfully in selected hillside forest land and carries out refining mountain, selects fine day handle ground is burned to grill thoroughly, by tree root, the careless root and stem of certain plants behind burning ground Root out, by hillside forest land site preparation into staged, each planting site 11 after site preparation is opened up along the contour on hillside respectively, adjacent plantation Built a dam the ridge 12 using stone heap on the outside of slope surface between ground 11, offer ditch 13 in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along plantation The length direction on ground 11 opens up and is arranged at intervals compartment 131 in ditch 13 along its length, and ditch 13 is separated into by compartment 131 Each sink, sets first and second flowing water mouth 132 on the both ends compartment 131 of each sink respectively, and the 3rd is opened up on the cell wall on the outside of sink Flowing water mouth 133, the height of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 and highly less flowing water mouth in first and second flowing water mouth 132 on same sink Highly it is consistent that (height at such as first-class mouth of a river is less than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the height of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 and the The height at the first-class mouth of a river is consistent), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, the on adjacent ditch 13 Three flowing water mouths 133 arrange that the top ditch 13 in hillside forest land is connected with water supply installation, the top on the dam ridge 12 in interleaved shape Outside is provided with the sparge pipe 14 of horizontal shape arrangement, and hole for water spraying, the water side of hole for water spraying are arranged at intervals with the pipe shaft of sparge pipe 14 To the side wall on the oblique direction dam ridge 12, planting site 11 is divided into 111 He of the first planting site positioned at the inner side of ditch 13 by ditch 13 The second planting site 112 positioned at the outside of ditch 13, the first planting site 111 fill out whole form using improvement soil;The height on the dam ridge 12 For 60~80cm, it is 30~35cm that improvement soil, which fills out whole thickness, and improvement soil, which is filled out on the downside of flood, is provided with sandy soils 15, dam 12 bottom of the ridge is extended in sandy soils 15, and the width of the first planting site 111 is 30~40cm, and the width of the second planting site 112 is 1 ~1.2m, the ground level of the second planting site are higher than 20~25cm of ground level of the first planting site;
3~April of First Year planted the planting hole for excavating 50~55cm depths on the ground at second kind, by 2~3 years oil generation tea tree trees Seedling (nursery station is commercially available) is planted in planting hole, and one layer of soil, one layer of base manure backfills planting hole, after tea oil plantation 20d, pours the dilute rich water of level-one, and 2% urea and 0.2% potassium chloride are contained in the dilute rich water of level-one, and base manure is 10 parts by weight Green manure, the lime of 2 parts by weight, the cake fertilizer mixing of the poultry muck of 15 parts by weight and 8 parts by weight is decomposed obtains;In tea during August part The tree stump periphery of oil tree opens up annular groove, applies 100g nitrogenous fertilizer in annular groove, and tea oil tree Post flowering carries out flower thinning;In the same year Autumn is transplanted the common vetch dish seedling 11a of artificial propagation on the first planting site 111 close to interval at 12 bottom of the dam ridge, plants plant hole Width be 20~25 centimetres, size be 20 × 20cm, and by spacing in the rows 15cm plants, during transplanting, common vetch dish seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, Do not hinder root system, root water is poured after cultivation, and pour water in ditch 13, and the water surface elevation in ditch 13 is less than the first planting site 111 12~17cm of ground level, stop irrigating and in one layer of leaf of earth's surface bedding of the first planting site 111 after the Frost's Descent, can be selected miscellaneous Set the leaf to descend slowly and lightly and pine needle carries out bedding;
Second year starts to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and 4~May, common vetch dish started bract bud, after bract bud daily night open hole for water spraying into 3~5min's of row spreads spray, before gemma and carries out top dressing with loose stool water or urea water after gemma and carries seedling, bract bud First Year is not to common vetch dish Picked;Pinching is carried out at along the high 100~110cm of tea oil tree, tea oil tree is carried out using natural open centre shape training type whole Shape, 5~7 major branches are retained on trunk, and are carried out in second of plant of foot couple in March turning over whole and applied 500g nitrogenous fertilizer at tree root, Tree stump periphery during October in tea oil tree opens up annular groove, applies 500g phosphorus potash fertilizers and 2kg biological organic fertilizers in annular groove (the plump industry Co., Ltd production of Shijiazhuang cyclopentadienyl), tea oil tree Post flowering carries out flower thinning;Tie rod is to be restricted using soft along shoot growth Reverse direction pull down, the other end of soft rope is fixed with the bamboo stick plugged on ground, adjust angle between major branch and trunk for 50~ 55 °, after branch shaping, soft rope is taken off, Post flowering removes all flowers;Second year autumn spreads on first and second planting site Broadcast Chinese milk vetch, first kind plant cut after the Chinese milk vetch maturation of ground receipts and leaf together bedding the first planting site earth's surface, the It is turned on the spot after Chinese milk vetch maturation on two planting sites and is buried, stops irrigating after the Frost's Descent;Since second year, annual Chinese milk vetch and tree To be planted before leaf bedding at first kind and spread fertilizer over the fields selenium-rich clay fertilizer on the ground, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields of selenium-rich clay fertilizer spreads fertilizer over the fields 120 for the first planting site per acre~ 150kg。
Since the 3rd year, repeat to operate as follows every year:Start to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and apply in 3, April and once help bud Fertilizer, carries out top dressing with loose stool water or urea water before gemma or after gemma and carries seedling, after bract bud daily night open hole for water spraying carry out 3~ 5min's spreads spray, and 4~May picks common vetch dish 3~4 times, and when picking does not injure root, applies loose stool water once after picking every time; Tie rod is carried out to tea oil tree major branch so that the angle between major branch and trunk is 40~45 °, and the side shoot on major branch is trimmed And trim so that the tip height of major branch is no more than 3.5m, apply 800g nitrogenous fertilizer for every plant before newly slightly sprouting, apply for every plant during October Add 800g phosphorus potash fertilizers and 5kg biological organic fertilizers;Tea oil tree fruit expanding period applies fruit tree punching fertilising, the spray of tea oil tree fructescence Spill organic selenium fertilizer;Second year autumn broadcasts sowing Chinese milk vetch on first and second planting site, and first kind is planted it after the Chinese milk vetch maturation of ground Cut receipts and leaf together bedding the first planting site earth's surface, second kind plant ground Chinese milk vetch maturation after it turned on the spot bury, frost Stop irrigating after drop;Bud fertilizer is helped to prepare to obtain for 50kg fire loam and 10L people's retention of urine liquid.
Embodiment 2
Fire line is held successfully in selected hillside forest land and carries out refining mountain, selects fine day handle ground is burned to grill thoroughly, by tree root, the careless root and stem of certain plants behind burning ground Root out, by hillside forest land site preparation into staged, each planting site 11 after site preparation is opened up along the contour on hillside respectively, adjacent plantation Built a dam the ridge 12 using stone heap on the outside of slope surface between ground 11, offer ditch 13 in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along plantation The length direction on ground 11 opens up and is arranged at intervals compartment 131 in ditch 13 along its length, and ditch 13 is separated into by compartment 131 Each sink, sets first and second flowing water mouth 132 on the both ends compartment 131 of each sink respectively, and the 3rd is opened up on the cell wall on the outside of sink Flowing water mouth 133, the height of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 and highly less flowing water mouth in first and second flowing water mouth 132 on same sink Highly it is consistent that (height at such as first-class mouth of a river is less than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the height of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 and the The height at the first-class mouth of a river is consistent), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, the on adjacent ditch 13 Three flowing water mouths 133 arrange that the top ditch 13 in hillside forest land is connected with water supply installation, the top on the dam ridge 12 in interleaved shape Outside is provided with the sparge pipe 14 of horizontal shape arrangement, is arranged at intervals with nozzle on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe 14, the water outlet direction of nozzle is oblique To the side wall for being directed toward the dam ridge 12, planting site 11 is divided into the first planting site 111 on the inside of ditch 13 and is located at by ditch 13 Second planting site 112 in the outside of ditch 13, the first planting site 111 fill out whole form using improvement soil;The height on the dam ridge 12 is 60 ~80cm, it is 30~35cm that improvement soil, which fills out whole thickness, and improvement soil, which is filled out, is provided with sandy soils on the downside of flood, 12 bottom of the dam ridge Portion is extended in sandy soils, and the width of the first planting site 111 is 30~40cm, and the width of the second planting site 112 is 1~1.2m;
3~April of First Year planted the planting hole for excavating 50~55cm depths on the ground at second kind, by 2~3 years oil generation tea tree trees Seedling (nursery station is commercially available) is planted in planting hole, and one layer of soil, one layer of base manure backfills planting hole, after tea oil plantation 20d, pours the dilute rich water of level-one, and 2% urea and 0.2% potassium chloride are contained in the dilute rich water of level-one, and base manure is 10 parts by weight Green manure, the lime of 2 parts by weight, the cake fertilizer mixing of the poultry muck of 15 parts by weight and 8 parts by weight is decomposed obtains;In tea during August part The tree stump periphery of oil tree opens up annular groove, applies 100g nitrogenous fertilizer in annular groove, and tea oil tree Post flowering carries out flower thinning;In the same year Autumn is transplanted the common vetch dish seedling 11a of artificial propagation on the first planting site 111 close to interval at 12 bottom of the dam ridge, plants plant hole Width be 20~25 centimetres, size be 20 × 20cm, and by spacing in the rows 15cm plants, during transplanting, common vetch dish seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, Do not hinder root system, root water is poured after cultivation, and pour water in ditch 13, and the water surface elevation in ditch 13 is less than the first planting site 111 12~17cm of ground level, stop irrigating and in one layer of leaf of earth's surface bedding of the first planting site 111 after the Frost's Descent, can be selected miscellaneous Set the leaf to descend slowly and lightly and pine needle carries out bedding;
Second year starts to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and 4~May, common vetch dish started bract bud, after bract bud daily night open hole for water spraying into 3~5min's of row spreads spray, before gemma and carries out top dressing with loose stool water or urea water after gemma and carries seedling, bract bud First Year is not to common vetch dish Picked;Pinching is carried out at along the high 100~110cm of tea oil tree, tea oil tree is carried out using natural open centre shape training type whole Shape, 5~7 major branches are retained on trunk, and are carried out in second of plant of foot couple in March turning over whole and applied 500g nitrogenous fertilizer at tree root, Tree stump periphery during October in tea oil tree opens up annular groove, applies 300g phosphorus potash fertilizers and 2kg biological organic fertilizers in annular groove, Tea oil tree Post flowering carries out flower thinning;Tie rod is to be pulled down using soft rope along the reverse direction of shoot growth, the other end land used of soft rope The bamboo stick plugged on face is fixed, and it is 50~55 ° to adjust the angle between major branch and trunk, after branch shaping, soft rope is taken off, is opened All flowers are removed after spending;Second year autumn broadcasts sowing Chinese milk vetch on first and second planting site, and first kind is planted ground Chinese milk vetch maturation Cut afterwards receipts and leaf together bedding the first planting site earth's surface, second kind plant ground Chinese milk vetch maturation after it is turned on the spot Bury, stop irrigating after the Frost's Descent;Planted since second year, before annual Chinese milk vetch and leaf bedding at first kind and spread fertilizer over the fields selenium-rich soil on the ground Fertilizer, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields of selenium-rich clay fertilizer spread fertilizer over the fields 120~150kg for the first planting site per acre.
Since the 3rd year, repeat to operate as follows every year:Start to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and apply in 3, April and once help bud Fertilizer, carries out top dressing with loose stool water or urea water before gemma or after gemma and carries seedling, after bract bud daily night open hole for water spraying carry out 3~ 5min's spreads spray, and 4~May picks common vetch dish 3~4 times, and when picking does not injure root, applies loose stool water once after picking every time; Tie rod is carried out to tea oil tree major branch so that the angle between major branch and trunk is 40~45 °, and the side shoot on major branch is trimmed And trim so that the tip height of major branch is no more than 3.5m, apply 800g nitrogenous fertilizer for every plant before newly slightly sprouting, apply for every plant during October Add 800g phosphorus potash fertilizers and 5kg biological organic fertilizers;Tea oil tree fruit expanding period applies fruit tree punching fertilising, the spray of tea oil tree fructescence Spill organic selenium fertilizer;Second year autumn broadcasts sowing Chinese milk vetch on first and second planting site, and first kind is planted it after the Chinese milk vetch maturation of ground Cut receipts and leaf together bedding the first planting site earth's surface, second kind plant ground Chinese milk vetch maturation after it turned on the spot bury, frost Stop irrigating after drop;Bud fertilizer is helped to prepare to obtain for 50kg fire loam and 10L people's retention of urine liquid.
In above-described embodiment 1,2, the plantation amount of common vetch dish is 2000~2500 plants per acre, produces 330 kilograms of fresh common vetch dishes per year per acre, The length for picking fresh common vetch dish is 15~20cm, and the root diameter (RD) of fresh common vetch dish root is 0.8~1.2cm, the fibrosis journey of fresh common vetch dish Spend low, Se content in common vetch dish is high, and Se content is about 3~4 times of common common vetch dish in obtained dry common vetch dish.
Traditional level land plantation, the plantation amount of mu common vetch dish is 4500~6000 plants, produces 300 kilograms of fresh common vetch dishes, picking per year per acre The length of fresh common vetch dish is 15~20cm, and the root diameter (RD) of fresh common vetch dish root is 0.3~0.6cm, the fibrosis journey on fresh common vetch dish surface Degree is high.
In addition, in embodiment 1,2, third and fourth, 5 years every plant of tea oil trees can pick 20~50 jin of tea seeds, after 5 years, Every plant of tea oil tree can harvest 50~80 jin of tea seeds, and Se content is 2 of Se content in common tea oil in the tea oil of tea seed squeezing More than times.
Embodiment 3
By dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich batch mixing and fiery loam according to 1:1:0.4:0.2 weight ratio mixed preparing is changed Good soil, dry land soil is not sowed crop during dry field and is digged 2 times for the paddy soils that is taken after rice terrace draining dry field June, fiery The fire ash that loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till is with forest land native (hillside forest land native country) according to 1:2 weight ratio mixed preparing Obtain;Selenium-rich batch mixing is rotten through compost for 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 5g sodium selenites Ripe to obtain, poultry muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are crushed mixed preparing by 1 mass ratio Into fermentation substrate, according to 1:5 mass ratio mixes yeast selenium and fermentation substrate, adds water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, will The product and feed of fermentation carry out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 4
By dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich batch mixing and fiery loam according to 1.2:1:0.8:0.4 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains Improve soil, dry land soil is not sowed crop during dry field and is digged 3 times by the paddy soils that is taken after rice terrace draining dry field March, The fire ash that fiery loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till is with forest land soil according to 1:3 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains;Selenium-rich is mixed Expect to obtain through compost maturity for 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 10g sodium selenites, poultry Muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are crushed and are hybridly prepared into fermentation substrate by 1 mass ratio, According to 1:5 mass ratio mixes yeast selenium and fermentation substrate, adds water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, by the product of fermentation and Feed carries out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 5
By dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich batch mixing and fiery loam according to 1:1:0.8:0.4 weight ratio mixed preparing is changed Good soil, dry land soil is not sowed crop during dry field and is digged 3 times for the paddy soils that is taken after rice terrace draining dry field April, fiery The fire ash that loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till is with forest land soil according to 1:2.5 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains;Selenium-rich is mixed Expect to obtain through compost maturity for 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 8g sodium selenites, poultry Muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are crushed and are hybridly prepared into fermentation substrate by 1 mass ratio, According to 1:5 mass ratio mixes yeast selenium and fermentation substrate, adds water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, by the product of fermentation and Feed carries out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 6
By dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich batch mixing and fiery loam according to 1.2:1:0.4:0.4 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains Improve soil, dry land soil is not sowed crop during dry field and is digged 2 times by the paddy soils that is taken after rice terrace draining dry field April, The fire ash that fiery loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till is with forest land soil according to 1:2.5 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains;Selenium-rich Batch mixing obtains for 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 8g sodium selenites through compost maturity, fowl Animal manure fertilizer obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are crushed and are hybridly prepared into fermentation bottom by 1 mass ratio Thing, according to 1:5 mass ratio mixes yeast selenium and fermentation substrate, adds water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, by the production of fermentation Thing and feed carry out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
The improvement soil produced in above-described embodiment 3~6, its acid-base value and fertility are all particularly suitable for the production of common vetch dish, because This, the common vetch dish shoot survival percent of transplanting is high, and fertilizer efficiency persistently improves the yield of common vetch dish, and wherein Organic Selenium can effectively be inhaled by common vetch dish Receive, improve the organic selenium content in finished product common vetch dish.
Embodiment 7
Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 6kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenites pass through Compost maturity obtains;Poultry muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:1 mass ratio crushes sorghum, wheat, soybean mixed Conjunction is configured to fermentation substrate, according to 1:5 mass ratio mixes yeast selenium and fermentation substrate, adds water fermentation process 70 at 28 DEG C My god, the product of fermentation and feed are carried out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 8
Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 8kg green manure, 1.0kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenites pass through Compost maturity obtains;Poultry muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:1 mass ratio crushes sorghum, wheat, soybean mixed Conjunction is configured to fermentation substrate, according to 1:5 mass ratio mixes yeast selenium and fermentation substrate, adds water fermentation process 70 at 28 DEG C My god, the product of fermentation and feed are carried out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 9
Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 6kg green manure, 1.2kg lime, 6.0kg poultry mucks, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenites pass through Compost maturity obtains;Poultry muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:1 mass ratio crushes sorghum, wheat, soybean mixed Conjunction is configured to fermentation substrate, according to 1:5 mass ratio mixes yeast selenium and fermentation substrate, adds water fermentation process 70 at 28 DEG C My god, the product of fermentation and feed are carried out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
After common vetch dish grows harvesting every year, the loss to soil is larger, thus it is annual need to carry out soil fertility supplement and Acid-base value is adjusted, and the selenium-rich clay fertilizer produced in above-described embodiment 7~9, its acid-base value is higher than the normal growth conditions of common vetch dish, Used before bedding herbage and leaf, it effectively can be adjusted the acid-base value of soil, while supplement fertility and Organic Selenium, ensure The annual high yield output of selenium-rich common vetch dish.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, after content described in the present invention is known, without departing from the principle of the present invention, it can also be made some Equal conversion and replacement, these, which convert and substitute on an equal basis, also should be regarded as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of method of selenium-rich tea oil tree interplanting, refers to the method in hillside forest land joint implant common vetch dish and tea oil tree, specifically Including following operating procedure:
S1:By hillside forest land site preparation into staged, each planting site after site preparation is opened up along the contour on hillside respectively, adjacent plantation Built a dam the ridge using stone heap on the outside of slope surface between ground, each planting site middle part offers ditch, length side of the ditch along planting site To opening up and be arranged at intervals compartment in ditch along its length, ditch is separated into each sink by compartment, the both ends of each sink every First and second flowing water mouth is set respectively in section, opens up the 3rd flowing water mouth on the cell wall on the outside of sink, the 3rd flowing water mouth on same sink Height and the height of highly less flowing water mouth in first and second flowing water mouth be consistent, the 3rd flowing water mouth on adjacent ditch Arranged in interleaved shape, the top ditch in hillside forest land is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with horizontal shape The sparge pipe of arrangement, is arranged at intervals with hole for water spraying/nozzle, the oblique finger in water outlet direction of hole for water spraying/nozzle on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe To the side wall of Ba Geng, planting site is divided into the first planting site on the inside of ditch and second on the outside of ditch by ditch Plant ground, the first planting site using improvement soil fill out it is whole form, improvement soil for dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich batch mixing and fire loam According to 1:1:0.4:0.2~1.2:1:0.8:0.4 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains, and dry land soil is rice terrace draining dry field 3~6 The paddy soils that are taken after month, do not sow crop during dry field and dig 2~3 times, and fiery loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till Fire ash with forest land soil according to 1:2~3 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains;Selenium-rich batch mixing for 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 5~10g sodium selenites are obtained through compost maturity;
S2:3~April of First Year planted the planting hole for excavating 50~55cm depths on the ground at second kind, by 2~3 years oil generation tea tree trees Seedling is planted in planting hole, and one layer of soil, one layer of base manure backfills planting hole, and the 20d after tea oil tree plantation, pours one time one The dilute rich water of level, contain 2% urea and 0.2% potassium chloride in the dilute rich water of level-one, base manure is the green manure of 10 parts by weight, 2 parts by weight The cake fertilizer mixing of lime, the poultry muck of 15 parts by weight and 8 parts by weight is decomposed to be obtained;On the tree stump periphery of tea oil tree during August part Annular groove is opened up, applies 100g nitrogenous fertilizer in annular groove, tea oil tree Post flowering carries out flower thinning;The same year autumn by artificial breeding Grow/wild common vetch dish seedling plants at first kind and transplanted on the ground close to interval at Ba Geng bottoms, and pour water in ditch, and ditch Interior water surface elevation is less than 12~17cm of ground level of the first planting site, stops irrigating and on the ground of the first planting site after the Frost's Descent One layer of leaf of table bedding;
S3:Second year starts to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and 4~May, common vetch dish started bract bud, and night opens hole for water spraying/spray daily after bract bud 3~5min's of head progress spreads spray/spray painting, and bract bud First Year is not picked common vetch dish;At along the high 100~110cm of tea oil tree into Row pinching, carries out tea oil tree shaping using natural open centre shape training type, retains 5~7 major branches on trunk, and at 3 the end of month Second planting site turn over whole and apply 500g nitrogenous fertilizer at tree root, open up ring on the tree stump periphery of tea oil tree during October Shape groove, applies 500g phosphorus potash fertilizers and 2kg biological organic fertilizers in annular groove, and tea oil tree Post flowering carries out flower thinning;Second year autumn Chinese milk vetch is broadcasted sowing on first and second planting site, being cut receipts and leaf after first kind of plant ground Chinese milk vetch maturation, bedding exists together The earth's surface of first planting site, second kind plant ground Chinese milk vetch maturation after it turned on the spot bury, stop irrigating after the Frost's Descent;From second year Start, planted before annual Chinese milk vetch and leaf bedding at first kind and spread fertilizer over the fields selenium-rich clay fertilizer on the ground, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields of selenium-rich clay fertilizer is per acre First planting site spreads fertilizer over the fields 120~150kg, and selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 6kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 3.5kg cake fertilizer Obtained with 3~5g sodium selenites through compost maturity;
S4:Since the 3rd year, repeat to operate as follows every year:Start to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), and common vetch dish is applied once in 3, April Help bud fertile, after bract bud daily night open that hole for water spraying/nozzle carries out 3~5min spread spray/spray painting, 4~May common vetch dish is picked 3~4 times;Tie rod is carried out to tea oil tree major branch so that the angle between major branch and trunk is 40~45 °, to the side shoot on major branch Being trimmed and being trimmed causes the tip height of major branch to be no more than 3.5m, every plant of application 800g nitrogenous fertilizer, October before newly slightly sprouting When every plant apply 800g phosphorus potash fertilizers and 5kg biological organic fertilizers;Tea oil tree fruit expanding period applies fruit tree punching fertilising, tea oil tree fruit Maturity period sprays organic selenium fertilizer;Autumn broadcasts sowing Chinese milk vetch on first and second planting site, will after first kind of plant ground Chinese milk vetch maturation Its cut receipts and leaf together bedding the first planting site earth's surface, second kind plant ground Chinese milk vetch maturation after it turned on the spot bury, Stop irrigating after the Frost's Descent;
Poultry muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are crushed and are hybridly prepared into by 1 mass ratio Fermentation substrate, according to 1:5 mass ratio mixes yeast selenium and fermentation substrate, adds water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, will send out The product and feed of ferment carry out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
2. the method for selenium-rich tea oil tree interplanting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The height of Ba Geng for 60~ 80cm, it is 30~35cm that improvement soil, which fills out whole thickness, and improvement soil, which is filled out, is provided with sandy soils on the downside of flood, Ba Geng prolongs bottom Extend in sandy soils, the ground level of the second planting site is higher than 20~25cm of ground level of the first planting site.
3. the method for selenium-rich tea oil tree interplanting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Help bud fertilizer for 50kg fire loam and 10L people and animals' urines are prepared to obtain.
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