CN104541914B - Insect damage prevention type tea planting method - Google Patents

Insect damage prevention type tea planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104541914B
CN104541914B CN201510041799.3A CN201510041799A CN104541914B CN 104541914 B CN104541914 B CN 104541914B CN 201510041799 A CN201510041799 A CN 201510041799A CN 104541914 B CN104541914 B CN 104541914B
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ditch
planting site
thorn
common vetch
planting
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CN104541914A (en
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王寿南
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PUER ZUXAING HIGH MOUNTAIN TEA GARDEN Co.,Ltd.
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Anhui Lanxi Engineering Technology Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention relates to an insect damage prevention type tea planting method which refers to a method of interplanting vetches, tea trees and cunninghamia lanceolata in hillside woodland. The method particularly includes steps of hillside woodland modification, tea plantation and fertilization, cunninghamia lanceolata and ryegrass interplanting and the like. The cunninghamia lanceolata trees form a fence outside a ditch, and large tea seedlings which are planted inside can grow well due to the fact that tea trees are sciophilous. Therefore, the whole economic benefit can be increased by means of multi-crop interplanting.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of Folium Camelliae sinensis insect-pest
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural production is and in particular to a kind of implantation methods of Folium Camelliae sinensis insect-pest.
Background technology
Common vetch dish, scientific name purple dustpan, belong to perennial pteridophyta, have extensive presence in Dabie Mountain mountain area. Rich in protein, vitamin and the various trace elements such as potassium, calcium, squama, common vetch is contained in common vetch dish Dish not only can be made into the dish of delicious food, with more work(such as anticancer, heat clearing away, removing toxic substances, fat-reducing, beauty treatments Effect, has obvious inhibitory action to viruses such as influenza, encephalitis Bes simultaneously, be long-term outlet, Be in great demand overseas vegetable, is particularly exported to Japan.
At present, common vetch dish is field acquisition although also there being local experiment artificial growth mostly, but its Yield poorly, the common vetch dish stem of collection is thin, poor quality, and after plucking one, two years, common vetch dish will be withered Or no longer bract bud.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of implantation methods of Folium Camelliae sinensis insect-pest, it can effectively solving The problems referred to above, the yield of common vetch dish is high, and common vetch dish is sturdy, quality better, can pluck for a long time, no Can the underproduction.
For achieving the above object, present invention employs technical scheme below:
A kind of implantation methods of Folium Camelliae sinensis insect-pest, refer in hillside interplanting in woodland common vetch dish, Folium Camelliae sinensis, thorn The method of China fir, specifically includes following operating procedure:
S1:Hillside forest land site preparation is become staged, each planting site after site preparation respectively along hillside etc. High line opens up, and built a dam the ridge using stone heap in the domatic outside between adjacent planting site, in each planting site Portion offers ditch, ditch along planting site length direction open up and ditch in along its length between Every setting compartment, ditch is separated into each tank, the two ends compartment of each tank is respectively provided with by compartment First and second flowing water mouth, the cell wall outside tank opens up the 3rd flowing water mouth, the 3rd on same tank The height of flowing water mouth is consistent with the height of the less flowing water mouth of first and second flowing water mouth camber, Compartment on adjacent ditch and the 3rd flowing water mouth are in that interleaved shape is arranged respectively, the top in hillside forest land Portion ditch is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with the sparge pipe of horizontal shape arrangement, Bidirectional spray head, the oblique sensing in a water outlet direction of Bidirectional spray head are arranged at intervals with the pipe shaft of sparge pipe The side wall of Ba Geng, another water outlet direction of Bidirectional spray head point to the side wall away from Ba Geng obliquely, Ditch planting site is divided into positioned at the first planting site inside ditch and is located at outside ditch the Two planting sites, the first planting site using improved soil fill out whole form, improved soil be dry land soil, mud Charcoal soil and fiery loam are according to 0.5:1:0.2~0.8:1:0.4 weight obtains than mixed preparing, drought The paddy soils that Tian Tuwei was taken after rice terrace draining 3~June of dry field, do not sow crop during dry field And dig 2~3 times, the fire ash that fiery loam is straw, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till and forest land soil (mountain The native country in slope forest land) according to 1:2~3 weight obtains than mixed preparing;
S2:Spring plants the thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling being spaced life in 4~5 years of planting on the ground, thorn at second kind then Preservative treatment is clipped and truncated position is carried out to the trunk piercing Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling after surviving by Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling, thorn China fir At butt, tufted grows thorn China fir seedling, in the autumn in the same year, artificial propagation/wild common vetch dish Seedling exists Plant to be close on the ground to be spaced at Ba Geng bottom for first kind and planted, and pour water in ditch, and ditch Interior water surface elevation is less than the ground level 12~17cm of the first planting site, stops irrigating simultaneously after the Frost's Descent One layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding in the first planting site;
S3:Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, and 4~May common vetch dish starts bract bud, after common vetch dish bract bud Daily night opens the spray painting that Bidirectional spray head carries out 3~5min, and bract bud First Year is not carried out to common vetch dish Pluck, thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is pruned, retains a major branch, remaining thorn China fir seedling carries out plucking top makes it Height between 1.4~1.6m, plant at second kind and broadcast sowing rye grass on the ground by Second Year early August, Before ryegrass seed sowing, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g molybdenum Sour ammonium seed soaking 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution is bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution 10 times of dilution is formulated, OD in bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution600For 0.8~1.0, soak seed Ryegrass seed and 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam are mixed and are all broadcasted sowing afterwards, ryegrass seed The mu amount of broadcasting sowing be 0.8kg, carry out when Ryegrass Growth is to plant height 40~45cm for the first time gathering in work For farming animals herbage, toothing 5~8cm when gathering in for the first time, promote rye grass tiller and regeneration, rye (Secale cereale L.) Grass carry out when regrowing to plant height 35~40cm aftercrop and by harvesting herbage and leaveves Bedding in the earth's surface of first and second planting site, toothing 1~3cm during aftercrop, during September part, Plant at second kind and dig the deep planting hole of 50cm on the ground, put into 2.0kg green manure in the bottom of planting hole, Then 1.5kg poultry muck, the compacting of 2.0kg cake fertilizer are used, covering with plastic film is become thoroughly decomposed, after becoming thoroughly decomposed Withdraw mulch film, the fertilizer in planting hole is carried out stirring spreading, during November, plant life in 3~4 years Tea seedling, Camellia sinensis are located at the inner side of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. and, the Frost's Descent after stopping interval-staggered with thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Irrigate;
S4:From the beginning of the 3rd year, it is repeated below operation every year:Start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate and to Folium Camelliae sinensis Apply Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer, the applied amount of Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer is 30kg/ mu, in 3, April to common vetch dish Apply once to help bud fertile, after Folium Camelliae sinensis germination and common vetch dish bract bud, daily night opens Bidirectional spray head and carries out The spray painting of 3~5min, 4~May plucks 3~4 times to common vetch dish, and Folium Camelliae sinensis are not adopted within the 3rd year Pluck and only pruned, the 4th year starts Folium Camelliae sinensis are plucked, the dwarf branch bar of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is repaiied Cut so as to height is less than 1.5m, autumn broadcasts sowing rye grass, rye (Secale cereale L.) on first and second planting site Before grass seed sowing, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g ammonium molybdate Seed soaking 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution is that bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution dilutes 10 times are formulated, OD in bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution600For 0.8~1.0, black after seed soaking Wheat straw seed is mixed and is all broadcasted sowing with 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam, the mu of ryegrass seed The amount of broadcasting sowing is 0.8kg, enters when the Ryegrass Growth on first and second planting site is to plant height 40~45cm Row harvesting for the first time, as farming animals herbage, toothing 5~8cm when gathering in for the first time, promotes rye grass to divide Tiller and regeneration, the rye grass of first kind of plant ground carries out the when regrowing to plant height 35~40cm Secondary harvesting and by harvesting herbage and leaveves bedding the first planting site earth's surface, the second planting site On rye grass maturation after turned in the soil being embedded in the second planting site, after the Frost's Descent stop irrigate, Helping bud fertile is fiery loam and people and animals' urine/carbamide mixed preparing obtains.
The plantation of common vetch dish, topmost be exactly liquid manure control, the happiness of common vetch dish happiness water is cloudy, but is also afraid of Waterlogging, and extremely harsh to soil for growth.The present invention is by the transformation in above-mentioned hillside forest land, water The irrigation system that ditch is constituted, enables to the irrigation whole hillside forest land of uniform fluid flow, ditch simultaneously Interior water lev el control less than first planting site earth's surface 12~17cm it is ensured that common vetch dish happiness water irrigate and Be not in waterlogging, common vetch dish is planted near Ba Geng bottom, will will get well more than level land planting effect, Common vetch dish is affected by Ba Geng so that new stem and leaf grows so that it is interior to away from Ba Geng side Phytohormone stimulates root to sprout more spore, improves yield, and the setting of Ba Geng simultaneously can So that first kind is planted ground side's current and does not trickle from the earth's surface of the first planting site and ooze from its underpart Thoroughly in ditch, prevent common vetch dish waterlogging, in addition, the Ba Geng that stone heap is built, can be in forest land transformation Initial stage plays fixation, prevents landslide during rainy season from leading to hillside forest land to be ruined;Bidirectional spray head is at night Evening sprays in short-term, and Simulated rainwater sky is so that the sparse spray of part rainwater, on common vetch dish bud, promotes common vetch The growth of dish bud is so that common vetch dish bud is more sturdy;The improved soil of above-mentioned preparation simultaneously, in acidity More match so that common vetch dish is more sturdy with the optimal demand of common vetch dish growth with fertile supporting, in addition purple Cloud English can be vegetated in the soil property of the first planting site, and the Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) of harvesting, leaveves are covered Lid so that common vetch dish can preferably be survived the winter it is ensured that common vetch dish coming year germination spore, Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), leaveves The applying rotting and helping bud fertile can be good at supplementing the fertility of the first planting site and adjusts acidity, Common vetch dish can be plucked every year.The low cost of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. breeding, survival rate are high, growth Hurry up, after cutting down its major branch, substantial amounts of new talent can be grown at butt, can be quickly in common vetch dish Periphery forms the fence sheltering from heat or light it is ensured that the demand to growing environment for the common vetch dish, shortens whole forest land simultaneously The cycle of transformation.Certainly, the above-mentioned Main Function that simply simply each factor of elaboration is individually played, By the mutually coordinated effect of each factor so that common vetch dish can all carry out the harvesting of high yield every year, And the common vetch dish of harvesting is sturdy, quality better.
Detailed scheme is:
The height of Ba Geng is 60~80cm, and it is 30~35cm that improved soil fills out whole thickness, improvement The downside that soil fills out flood is provided with sandy soils, and Ba Geng bottom extends in sandy soils.After Second Year Plant at second kind and plant on the ground Camellia sinensis, Camellia sinensis be located at thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. inner side and with thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. interleaved Arrangement.Improved soil is dry land soil, peat soil and fiery loam according to 0.5:1:0.2 weight is than mixed Close preparation to obtain, helping bud fertile is 50kg fire loam and 10L people and animals' urine is prepared and obtained.Second Year Afterwards, the trunk of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is larger and dwarf branch bar of at butt is also in great numbers, just as in ditch Outside forms a hedge hurdle, now plants larger tea seedling inside it, and Camellia sinensis happiness is cloudy, can be very Good growth, due to planting Camellia sinensis, the planting more than first kind of the ground level setting of the second planting site Ground ground level 10~15cm, many crop interplantings, improve whole economic benefit.And, thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook., Common vetch dish is all the crop that insect pest will not occur, and by interplanting, can eliminate large stretch of Tea planting easy There is the phenomenon of pest and disease damage, improve the economic benefit of entirely agricultural.
Technique scheme can significantly improve the yield and quality of common vetch dish, and after the 3rd year every year all Common vetch dish can be plucked, the fresh leaf of Folium Camelliae sinensis is stout and strong, be not in pest and disease damage phenomenon.
Brief description
The structural representation in ditch is opened up on Fig. 1 is domatic;
Fig. 2 is domatic sectional schematic diagram.
Specific embodiment
In order that objects and advantages of the present invention become more apparent, with reference to embodiments to this Bright it is specifically described.It should be appreciated that following word is only in order to describe one kind of the present invention or several Plant specific embodiment, considered critical is not carried out to the protection domain of the concrete request of the present invention.
Following embodiments 1~2 are in the cool breeze farm of Yuexi County Hong Sheng agricultural science and technology company limited Carry out, spore refers to send tender white spore on the common vetch dish root and stem of certain plants, and spore is plucked after growing up to common vetch dish, Loose stool water is that people and animals' urine and 2 times of water mixed preparing obtain, urea water be 100~200g carbamide and 1L water is prepared and is obtained.The concrete amount of application of fertilizer not clearly stated in following embodiments 1,2, this Skilled person can be carried out in right amount using it is ensured that farming according to the effect of fertilizer and use age The reliability of thing is planted, in addition, in whole planting process, be required for every year carrying out weeding, loosen the soil, Parasite killing etc. operates.In the present invention if no special instructions, the percent of component is mass concentration.
Embodiment 1
Hold fire line successfully in selected hillside forest land to carry out refining mountain, select fine day to grill thoroughly burned for ground, burn ground Afterwards tree root, the careless root and stem of certain plants are rooted out, hillside forest land site preparation is become staged, each planting site 11 after site preparation Open up along the equal pitch contour on hillside respectively, the domatic outside between adjacent planting site 11 adopts stone heap Build a dam the ridge 12, offer ditch 13 in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along the length of planting site 11 Degree direction open up and ditch 13 in interval setting compartment 131 along its length, compartment 131 is by water Ditch 13 is separated into each tank, and the two ends compartment 131 of each tank is respectively provided with first and second flowing water Mouth 132, the cell wall outside tank opens up the 3rd flowing water mouth 133, the 3rd flowing water on same tank The height of the height of mouth 133 and first and second flowing water mouth 132 camber less flowing water mouth keeps one Cause that (height as the first-class mouth of a river is less than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 Height is consistent with the height at the first-class mouth of a river), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is in that interval is handed over Wrong shape arrangement, the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 on adjacent ditch 13 is in interleaved shape arrangement, hillside The top ditch 13 in forest land is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside on the dam ridge 12 is provided with horizontal shape The sparge pipe 14 of arrangement, the pipe shaft of sparge pipe is arranged at intervals with Bidirectional spray head, and the one of Bidirectional spray head The side wall of the oblique sensing in water outlet direction Ba Geng, another water outlet direction of Bidirectional spray head are pointed to far obliquely From the side of Ba Geng, planting site 11 is divided into the first inside ditch 13 by ditch 13 The second planting site 112 planted ground 111 and be located at ditch 13 outside, the first planting site 111 is using changing Good soil fill out whole form, improved soil is dry land soil, peat soil and fiery loam according to 0.5:1:0.2 Weight obtain than mixed preparing, dry land soil be the rice being taken after rice terrace draining 3~June of dry field Field soil, does not sow crop during dry field and digs 2~3 times, fiery loam is straw, tree branches and leaves, The fire ash that weeds burn till and forest land soil are according to 1:2 weight obtains than mixed preparing;The dam ridge 12 It is highly 60~80cm, it is 30~35cm that improved soil fills out whole thickness, improved soil fills out flood Downside be provided with sandy soils 15, the dam ridge 12 bottom extends in sandy soils 15, the first planting site 111 width is 30~40cm, and the width of the second planting site 112 is 1~1.2m;
Spring is spaced the thorn China fir 11b seedling of life in 4~5 years of planting on the second planting site 112 then, Spacing in the rows 1.5m, the trunk of thorn China fir 11b seedling is clipped after surviving and truncated position is entered by thorn China fir 11b Seedling Row preservative treatment, at the butt of thorn China fir 11b, tufted grows thorn China fir 11b seedling, in the autumn in the same year The common vetch dish Seedling 11a of artificial propagation is close on the first planting site 111 interval at the bottom of the dam ridge 12 Planted, the width planting plant hole is 20~25 centimetres, and size is 20 × 20cm, by spacing in the rows 15cm Plant, during transplanting, common vetch dish Seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, does not hinder root system, pours root water after cultivation, and Pour water in ditch 13, and the water surface elevation in ditch 13 is less than the earth's surface of the first planting site 111 Highly 12~17cm, stops after the Frost's Descent irrigating and the one layer of tree of earth's surface bedding in the first planting site 111 Leaf, can be selected for leaveves that miscellaneous tree descends slowly and lightly and Folium Pini carries out bedding;
Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, and 4~May common vetch dish starts bract bud, daily after common vetch dish bract bud Night opens the spray painting that Bidirectional spray head carries out 3~5min, uses loose stool water or urine before spore and after spore Plain water carries out topdressing and carries Seedling, and bract bud First Year is not plucked to common vetch dish, and thorn Shan11bShu is carried out Prune, retain a major branch, remaining thorn China fir seedling carry out plucking top make its highly 1.4~1.6m it Between, Second Year early August plants at second kind and broadcasts sowing rye grass on the ground, every before ryegrass seed sowing 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g pak-chor 4~4.5h, Bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution is that 10 times of bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution dilution is formulated, OD in bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution600For 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed and 8kg after seed soaking Calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam are mixed and are all broadcasted sowing, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, Carry out gathering in for the first time as farming animals herbage when Ryegrass Growth is to plant height 40~45cm, for the first time Toothing 5~8cm during harvesting, promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, and rye grass regrows to plant height Carry out aftercrop during 35~40cm and the herbage of harvesting and leaveves bedding are planted at first and second kind The earth's surface on ground, toothing 1~3cm during aftercrop, during September part, plants at second kind and digs 50cm on the ground Deep planting hole, puts into 2.0kg green manure in the bottom of planting hole, then use 1.5kg poultry muck, 2.0kg cake fertilizer is compacted, and covering with plastic film is become thoroughly decomposed, and become thoroughly decomposed the liftoff film of recession, in planting hole Fertilizer carries out stirring spreading, and plants 3~4 years raw tea seedling 11c during November, and Camellia sinensis are located at thorn The inner side of Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. and, the Frost's Descent after stopping irrigation interval-staggered with thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.;
From the beginning of the 3rd year, it is repeated below operation every year:Start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) Irrigate and Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer (production of Fujian Chaoda Modern Agriculture Group Co., Ltd) applied to Folium Camelliae sinensis, The applied amount of Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer is 30kg/ mu, common vetch dish is applied once help bud fertile in 3, April, After Folium Camelliae sinensis germination and common vetch dish bract bud, daily night opens the spray painting that Bidirectional spray head carries out 3~5min, 4~May plucks 3~4 times to common vetch dish, and Folium Camelliae sinensis do not carry out plucking only being pruned within the 3rd year, the 4 years start Folium Camelliae sinensis are plucked, and the dwarf branch bar of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is pruned so as to height does not surpass Cross 1.5m, the dwarf branch bar of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is pruned so as to height is less than 1.5m, autumn exists Rye grass broadcasted sowing on first and second planting site, before ryegrass seed sowing, to add 2kg withered for every 1kg seed Careless bacillus cereuss GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g pak-chor 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilises GB03 Bacterium solution is that 10 times of bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution dilution is formulated, bacillus subtilises GB03 OD in mother solution600For 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed and 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire after seed soaking Loam is mixed and is all broadcasted sowing, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, first and second planting site On Ryegrass Growth to plant height 40~45cm when carry out for the first time gathering in as farming animals herbage, the Toothing 5~8cm when once gathering in, promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, the rye (Secale cereale L.) of first kind of plant ground Grass carry out when regrowing to plant height 35~40cm aftercrop and by harvesting herbage and leaveves Bedding in the earth's surface of the first planting site, is turned over after the rye grass maturation of second kind of plant ground and is embedded in the In the soil of two planting sites, helping bud fertile is 50kg fire loam and 10L people and animals' urine is prepared and obtained.
Embodiment 2
Hold fire line successfully in selected hillside forest land to carry out refining mountain, select fine day to grill thoroughly burned for ground, burn ground Afterwards tree root, the careless root and stem of certain plants are rooted out, hillside forest land site preparation is become staged, each planting site 11 after site preparation Open up along the equal pitch contour on hillside respectively, the domatic outside between adjacent planting site 11 adopts stone heap Build a dam the ridge 12, offer ditch 13 in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along the length of planting site 11 Degree direction open up and ditch 13 in interval setting compartment 131 along its length, compartment 131 is by water Ditch 13 is separated into each tank, and the two ends compartment 131 of each tank is respectively provided with first and second flowing water Mouth 132, the cell wall outside tank opens up the 3rd flowing water mouth 133, the 3rd flowing water on same tank The height of the height of mouth 133 and first and second flowing water mouth 132 camber less flowing water mouth keeps one Cause that (height as the first-class mouth of a river is less than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 Height is consistent with the height at the first-class mouth of a river), the compartment 131 and the 3rd on adjacent ditch 13 flows The mouth of a river 133 is in interleaved shape arrangement, the top ditch 13 in hillside forest land and water supply installation respectively It is connected, the upper outside on the dam ridge 12 is provided with the sparge pipe 14 of horizontal shape arrangement, the pipe of sparge pipe It is arranged at intervals with Bidirectional spray head, the side of the oblique sensing in the water outlet direction Ba Geng of Bidirectional spray head with it Wall, another water outlet direction of Bidirectional spray head point to the side away from Ba Geng obliquely, and ditch 13 will Planting site 11 is divided into the first planting site 111 positioned at ditch 13 inner side and is located at outside ditch 13 Second planting site 112 of side, the first planting site 111 using improved soil fill out whole form, conditioned soil Earth is dry land soil, peat soil and fiery loam according to 0.8:1:0.4 weight obtains than mixed preparing, Dry land soil does not sow work by during the paddy soils being taken after rice terrace draining 3~June of dry field, dry field Thing and digging 2~3 times, fiery loam is straw, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till fire ash and forest land soil (native country in hillside forest land) is according to 1:3 weight obtains than mixed preparing;The height on the dam ridge 12 For 60~80cm, it is 30~35cm that improved soil fills out whole thickness, and improved soil is filled out under flood Side is provided with sandy soils, and the dam ridge 12 bottom extends in sandy soils, the width of the first planting site 111 Spend for 30~40cm, the width of the second planting site 112 is 1~1.2m;
Spring is spaced the thorn China fir 11b seedling of life in 4~5 years of planting on the second planting site 112 then, Spacing in the rows 1.5m, the trunk of thorn China fir 11b seedling is clipped after surviving and truncated position is entered by thorn China fir 11b Seedling Row preservative treatment, at the butt of thorn China fir 11b, tufted grows thorn China fir 11b seedling, in the autumn in the same year Wild common vetch dish Seedling 11a is close to be spaced at the bottom of the dam ridge 12 on the first planting site 111 and carries out Plant, the width planting plant hole is 20~25 centimetres, size is 20 × 20cm, plants by spacing in the rows 15cm Plant, during transplanting, common vetch dish Seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, does not hinder root system, pours root water after cultivation, and Pour water in ditch 13, and the water surface elevation in ditch 13 is less than the earth's surface height of the first planting site 111 Degree 12~17cm, stops after the Frost's Descent irrigating and the one layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding in the first planting site 111, Can be selected for leaveves that miscellaneous tree descends slowly and lightly and Folium Pini carries out bedding;
Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, and 4~May common vetch dish starts bract bud, daily after common vetch dish bract bud Night opens the spray painting that Bidirectional spray head carries out 3~5min, uses loose stool water or urine before spore and after spore Plain water carries out topdressing and carries Seedling, and bract bud First Year is not plucked to common vetch dish, and thorn Shan11bShu is carried out Prune, retain a major branch, remaining thorn China fir seedling carry out plucking top make its highly 1.4~1.6m it Between, Second Year early August plants at second kind and broadcasts sowing rye grass on the ground, every before ryegrass seed sowing 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g pak-chor 4~4.5h, Bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution is that 10 times of bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution dilution is formulated, OD in bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution600For 0.8~1.0, ryegrass seed and 8kg after seed soaking Calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam are mixed and are all broadcasted sowing, and the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, Carry out gathering in for the first time as farming animals herbage when Ryegrass Growth is to plant height 40~45cm, for the first time Toothing 5~8cm during harvesting, promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, and rye grass regrows to plant height Carry out aftercrop during 35~40cm and the herbage of harvesting and leaveves bedding are planted at first and second kind The earth's surface on ground, toothing 1~3cm during aftercrop, during September part, plants at second kind and digs 50cm on the ground Deep planting hole, puts into 2.0kg green manure in the bottom of planting hole, then use 1.5kg poultry muck, 2.0kg cake fertilizer is compacted, and covering with plastic film is become thoroughly decomposed, and become thoroughly decomposed the liftoff film of recession, in planting hole Fertilizer carries out stirring spreading, and plants 3~4 years raw tea seedling 11c during November, and Camellia sinensis are located at thorn The inner side of Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. and, the Frost's Descent after stopping irrigation interval-staggered with thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.;
From the beginning of the 3rd year, it is repeated below operation every year:Start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate and Folium Camelliae sinensis are applied Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer (production of Fujian Chaoda Modern Agriculture Group Co., Ltd), the applying of Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer Dosage is 30kg/ mu, common vetch dish is applied once help bud fertile in 3, April, Folium Camelliae sinensis germinate and common vetch After dish bract bud, daily night opens the spray painting that Bidirectional spray head carries out 3~5min, and 4~May is to common vetch dish Pluck 3~4 times, the 3rd year Folium Camelliae sinensis do not carry out plucking only being pruned, and the 4th year starts to Folium Camelliae sinensis Plucked, the dwarf branch bar of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is pruned so as to height is less than 1.5m, to thorn China fir The dwarf branch bar of tree is pruned so as to height is less than 1.5m, and autumn is on first and second planting site Broadcast sowing rye grass, before ryegrass seed sowing, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilises GB03 Bacterium solution and 1.5g pak-chor 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution is hay spore Bacillus GB03 mother solution dilutes 10 times and is formulated, OD in bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution600For 0.8~1.0, after seed soaking, ryegrass seed and 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam are mixed and are all spread Broadcast, the mu amount of broadcasting sowing of ryegrass seed is 0.8kg, the Ryegrass Growth on first and second planting site Carry out during to plant height 40~45cm gathering in as farming animals herbage for the first time, toothing when gathering in for the first time 5~8cm, promotes rye grass tiller and regeneration, and the rye grass of first kind of plant ground regrows to strain Carry out aftercrop during high 35~40cm and the herbage of harvesting and leaveves bedding are planted at first kind The earth's surface on ground, is turned over, after the rye grass maturation of second kind of plant ground, the soil being embedded in the second planting site In, helping bud fertile is 50kg fire loam and 10L people and animals' urine is prepared and obtained.
In above-described embodiment 1,2, the plantation amount of every mu of common vetch dish is 2000~2500 plants, every mu of year Produce 350 kilograms of fresh common vetch dishes, the length plucking fresh common vetch dish is 15~20cm, the root of fresh common vetch dish root A diameter of 0.8~1.2cm, the fibrosis of fresh common vetch dish are low.
The plantation of traditional level land, the plantation amount of mu common vetch dish is 4500~6000 plants, produces 300 per year for every mu Kilogram fresh common vetch dish, the length plucking fresh common vetch dish is 15~20cm, and the root diameter (RD) of fresh common vetch dish root is 0.3~0.6cm, the fibrosis on fresh common vetch dish surface are high.
Started from the 4th year in above-described embodiment 1,2 to pluck Folium Camelliae sinensis, the Folium Camelliae sinensis fertilizer of harvesting is tender, tea Leaf is not in pest and disease damage, per mu yield dry tea 108kg about.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention it is noted that for the art Those of ordinary skill for, after knowing content described in the present invention, former without departing from the present invention On the premise of reason, it can also be made with some equal conversion and substitute, these convert on an equal basis and replace In generation, also should be regarded as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of implantation methods of Folium Camelliae sinensis insect-pest, refer to hillside interplanting in woodland common vetch dish, Folium Camelliae sinensis, The method of thorn China fir, specifically includes following operating procedure:
S1:Hillside forest land site preparation is become staged, each planting site after site preparation respectively along hillside etc. High line opens up, and built a dam the ridge using stone heap in the domatic outside between adjacent planting site, in each planting site Portion offers ditch, ditch along planting site length direction open up and ditch in along its length between Every setting compartment, ditch is separated into each tank, the two ends compartment of each tank is respectively provided with by compartment First and second flowing water mouth, the cell wall outside tank opens up the 3rd flowing water mouth, the 3rd on same tank The height of flowing water mouth is consistent with the height of the less flowing water mouth of first and second flowing water mouth camber, Compartment on adjacent ditch is in that interleaved shape is arranged, the 3rd flowing water mouth on adjacent ditch is in interval Staggered arrangement, the top ditch in hillside forest land is connected with water supply installation, the upper outside of Ba Geng It is provided with the sparge pipe of horizontal shape arrangement, the pipe shaft of sparge pipe is arranged at intervals with Bidirectional spray head, two-way The side wall of the oblique sensing in one water outlet direction Ba Geng of shower nozzle, Bidirectional spray head another water outlet direction oblique The lower side wall pointing to away from Ba Geng, planting site is divided into the first inside ditch by ditch Plant ground and be located at ditch outside the second planting site, the first planting site using improved soil fill out whole and Become, improved soil is dry land soil, peat soil and fiery loam according to 0.5:1:0.2~0.8:1:0.4 Weight obtain than mixed preparing, dry land soil be the rice being taken after rice terrace draining 3~June of dry field Field soil, does not sow crop during dry field and digs 2~3 times, fiery loam is straw, tree branches and leaves, The fire ash that weeds burn till and forest land soil are according to 1:2~3 weight obtains than mixed preparing;
S2:Spring plants the thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling being spaced life in 4~5 years of planting on the ground, thorn at second kind then Preservative treatment is clipped and truncated position is carried out to the trunk piercing Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling after surviving by Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling, thorn China fir At butt, tufted grows thorn China fir seedling, in the autumn in the same year, artificial propagation/wild common vetch dish Seedling exists Plant to be close on the ground to be spaced at Ba Geng bottom for first kind and planted, and pour water in ditch, and ditch Interior water surface elevation is less than the ground level 12~17cm of the first planting site, stops irrigating simultaneously after the Frost's Descent One layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding in the first planting site;
S3:Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, and 4~May common vetch dish starts bract bud, after common vetch dish bract bud Daily night opens the spray painting that Bidirectional spray head carries out 3~5min, and bract bud First Year is not carried out to common vetch dish Pluck, thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is pruned, retains a major branch, remaining thorn China fir seedling carries out plucking top makes it Height between 1.4~1.6m, plant at second kind and broadcast sowing rye grass on the ground by Second Year early August, Before ryegrass seed sowing, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g molybdenum Sour ammonium seed soaking 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution is bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution 10 times of dilution is formulated, OD in bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution600For 0.8~1.0, soak seed Ryegrass seed and 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam are mixed and are all broadcasted sowing afterwards, ryegrass seed The mu amount of broadcasting sowing be 0.8kg, carry out when Ryegrass Growth is to plant height 40~45cm for the first time gathering in work For farming animals herbage, toothing 5~8cm when gathering in for the first time, promote rye grass tiller and regeneration, rye (Secale cereale L.) Grass carry out when regrowing to plant height 35~40cm aftercrop and by harvesting herbage and leaveves Bedding in the earth's surface of first and second planting site, toothing 1~3cm during aftercrop, during September part, Plant at second kind and dig the deep planting hole of 50cm on the ground, put into 2.0kg green manure in the bottom of planting hole, Then 1.5kg poultry muck, the compacting of 2.0kg cake fertilizer are used, covering with plastic film is become thoroughly decomposed, after becoming thoroughly decomposed Withdraw mulch film, the fertilizer in planting hole is carried out stirring spreading, during November, plant life in 3~4 years Tea seedling, Camellia sinensis are located at the inner side of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. and, the Frost's Descent after stopping interval-staggered with thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Irrigate;
S4:From the beginning of the 3rd year, it is repeated below operation every year:Start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate and to Folium Camelliae sinensis Apply Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer, the applied amount of Folium Camelliae sinensis special fertilizer is 30kg/ mu, in 3, April to common vetch dish Apply once to help bud fertile, after Folium Camelliae sinensis germination and common vetch dish bract bud, daily night opens Bidirectional spray head and carries out The spray painting of 3~5min, 4~May plucks 3~4 times to common vetch dish, and Folium Camelliae sinensis are not adopted within the 3rd year Pluck and only pruned, the 4th year starts Folium Camelliae sinensis are plucked, the dwarf branch bar of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is repaiied Cut so as to height is less than 1.5m, autumn broadcasts sowing rye grass, rye (Secale cereale L.) on first and second planting site Before grass seed sowing, every 1kg seed adds 2kg bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution and 1.5g ammonium molybdate Seed soaking 4~4.5h, bacillus subtilises GB03 bacterium solution is that bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution dilutes 10 times are formulated, OD in bacillus subtilises GB03 mother solution600For 0.8~1.0, black after seed soaking Wheat straw seed is mixed and is all broadcasted sowing with 8kg calcium magnesium phosphate, 10kg fire loam, the mu of ryegrass seed The amount of broadcasting sowing is 0.8kg, enters when the Ryegrass Growth on first and second planting site is to plant height 40~45cm Row harvesting for the first time, as farming animals herbage, toothing 5~8cm when gathering in for the first time, promotes rye grass to divide Tiller and regeneration, the rye grass of first kind of plant ground carries out the when regrowing to plant height 35~40cm Secondary harvesting and by harvesting herbage and leaveves bedding the first planting site earth's surface, the second planting site On rye grass maturation after turned in the soil being embedded in the second planting site, after the Frost's Descent stop irrigate, Helping bud fertile is fiery loam and people and animals' urine/carbamide mixed preparing obtains.
2. Folium Camelliae sinensis insect-pest according to claim 1 implantation methods it is characterised in that: The height of Ba Geng is 60~80cm, and it is 30~35cm that improved soil fills out whole thickness, improved soil The downside filling out flood is provided with sandy soils, and Ba Geng bottom extends in sandy soils.
3. Folium Camelliae sinensis insect-pest according to claim 1 implantation methods it is characterised in that: Improved soil is dry land soil, peat soil and fiery loam according to 0.5:1:0.2 weight compares mixed preparing Obtain.
4. Folium Camelliae sinensis insect-pest according to claim 1 implantation methods it is characterised in that: Helping bud fertile is 50kg fire loam and 10L people and animals' urine is prepared and obtained.
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