CN104541910B - A kind of associating high yield interplanting method of medical material - Google Patents

A kind of associating high yield interplanting method of medical material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104541910B
CN104541910B CN201510041322.5A CN201510041322A CN104541910B CN 104541910 B CN104541910 B CN 104541910B CN 201510041322 A CN201510041322 A CN 201510041322A CN 104541910 B CN104541910 B CN 104541910B
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planting site
ditch
common vetch
herba houttuyniae
soil
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CN104541910A (en
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顾云华
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HAIMEN JIANGHAI CONSTRUCTION INVESTMENT CO., LTD.
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Haimen Jianghai Construction Investment Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry

Abstract

The present invention relates to the associating high yield interplanting method of a kind of medical material, including the transformation in forest land, hillside, thorn China fir, common vetch dish, the planting of Herba Houttuyniae, thorn China fir prune with Herba Houttuyniae, the seedlings cultivating of common vetch dish and Herba Houttuyniae, the fertilising of common vetch dish, irrigate, cultivate.Common vetch dish can be plucked after can significantly improving the yield and quality of common vetch dish, and the 3rd year by technique scheme every year, and substantial amounts of Herba Houttuyniae of can gathering the most every year significantly improves the benefit of agricultural planting.

Description

A kind of associating high yield interplanting method of medical material
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural production, be specifically related to the associating high yield interplanting side of a kind of medical material Method.
Background technology
Common vetch dish, formal name used at school purple dustpan, belong to perennial pteridophyta, have in mountain area, Dabie Mountain and exist widely. Containing the various trace elements such as rich in protein, vitamin and potassium, calcium, squama, common vetch in common vetch dish Dish not only can be made into the dish of delicious food, have more anticancer, heat clearing away, detoxify, lose weight, the merit such as beauty treatment Effect, has obvious inhibitory action to the virus such as influenza, encephalitis B simultaneously, be long-term outlet, Be in great demand overseas vegetable, is particularly exported to Japan.
At present, common vetch dish is field acquisition mostly, although also have a local experiment artificial growth, but its Yielding poorly, the common vetch dish stem of collection is thin, poor quality, and after plucking one, two years, common vetch dish will be withered Or no longer bract bud.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the associating high yield interplanting method of a kind of medical material, it can efficient solution Certainly the problems referred to above, the yield of common vetch dish is high, and common vetch dish is sturdy, quality better, can pluck for a long time, Will not the underproduction.
For achieving the above object, present invention employs techniques below scheme:
A kind of associating high yield interplanting method of medical material, refer to hillside interplanting in woodland sting China fir, common vetch dish, The method of Herba Houttuyniae, specifically includes following operating procedure:
S1: become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site behind whole ground respectively along hillside etc. High line is offered, and domatic outside between adjacent planting site uses stone heap to build a dam the ridge, in each planting site Portion offers ditch, ditch along the length direction of planting site offer and in ditch along its length between Every arranging compartment, ditch is separated into each tank by compartment, and the two ends compartment of each tank is respectively provided with First and second flowing water mouth, the cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth, on same tank the 3rd The height of the height of flowing water mouth and the less flowing water mouth of first and second flowing water mouth camber keeps consistent, Compartment and the 3rd flowing water mouth on adjacent ditch are arranged in interleaved shape respectively, the top in forest land, hillside Ditch, portion is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with the sparge pipe that horizontal shape is arranged, Shower nozzle it is arranged at intervals with, the side of the oblique sensing in the water outlet direction Ba Geng of shower nozzle on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe Wall, planting site is divided into the first planting site being positioned at inside ditch and is positioned at outside ditch by ditch Second planting site, the first planting site uses improvement soil to fill out whole forming, improvement soil be dry land soil, Peat soil and fire loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2~0.8:1:0.4, Dry land soil does not sows work during the paddy soils taken after rice terrace draining dry field 3~June, dry field Thing and digging 2~3 times, fire loam is the fire ash that burns till of straw, tree branches and leaves, weeds and forest land soil (native country in forest land, hillside) obtains according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2~3;
S2: plant ground at second kind spring then and be spaced the thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling of life in 4~5 years of planting, thorn Preservative treatment is clipped and carried out truncated position to the trunk of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling after surviving by China fir Seedling, stings the tree of China fir At pocket, tufted grows thorn China fir seedling, 3~April, plants at first kind that on the ground to offer 4~6cm deep Planting furrow, carries out drilling by the rhizome of Herba Houttuyniae, earths up and cover with plant ash after drilling, And pour water in ditch, and the water surface elevation in ditch less than the first planting site ground level 12~ 17cm, sprays the dilute rich water of one-level, containing 5% carbamide and 2% nitrogen in the dilute rich water of one-level after sowing 15 days Phosphorus potassium complex fertilizer, the dilute rich water of one-level spray twice, between be spaced 5~8d, 9 the end of month are with reaping hook pair Ground Herba Houttuyniae carries out cutting receipts, cuts the common vetch dish Seedling of artificial propagation/wild after receipts at the first Plant interval, place bottom the next-door neighbour ridge, dam, ground to plant, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating and at the first planting site One layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding;
S3: Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, and before Herba Houttuyniae sprouts, applies corruption to the first planting site Ripe fertilizer and carbamide, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, and the applied amount of carbamide is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens shower nozzle and carries out the spray painting of 3~5min, bract bud Within 1 year, not plucking common vetch dish, prune thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook., retain a major branch, remaining stings China fir Seedling carries out plucking top makes its height between 1.4~1.6m, at the beginning of 10 months, Herba Houttuyniae is pulled out receipts, The part rhizome of Herba Houttuyniae remains in the first planting site, strikes the Herba Houttuyniae root pulled up Hit so that the soil extracted drops back into the first planting site, pull out and plant at first and second kind after receipts terminate On the ground broadcast sowing Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts together with leaves bedding at the first planting site Earth's surface, after the Frost's Descent stop irrigate;
S4: from the beginning of the 3rd year, is repeated below operation: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, Herba Houttuyniae every year Before sprouting, applying decomposed manure and carbamide to the first planting site, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, the applied amount of carbamide is 10kg/ mu, and after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens shower nozzle and enters The spray painting of row 3~5min, 4~May to common vetch dish pluck 3~4 times, to thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. dwarf branch bar Prune so that it is Herba Houttuyniae, less than 1.5m, is pulled out receipts, Herba Houttuyniae by height at the beginning of 10 months Part rhizome remain in the first planting site, the Herba Houttuyniae root pulled up is tapped, makes The soil that must extract drops back into the first planting site, pulls out and spreads on first and second planting site after receipts terminate Broadcast Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts together with leaves bedding on the ground of the first planting site Table, stops after the Frost's Descent irrigating.
The plantation of common vetch dish, topmost is exactly the control of liquid manure, common vetch dish happiness water happiness the moon, but is also afraid of Waterlogging, and the harshest to soil for growth.The present invention is by the transformation in forest land, above-mentioned hillside, water The irrigation system that ditch is constituted, it is possible to make the forest land, irrigation whole hillside of uniform fluid flow, ditch simultaneously In water lev el control less than the first planting site earth's surface 12~17cm, it is ensured that the happiness water of common vetch dish irrigate and Not havinging waterlogging, common vetch dish is planted bottom the ridge, dam, will get well more than level land planting effect, Common vetch dish is affected by Ba Geng so that the new stem and leaf sent out grows to away from Ba Geng side so that it is interior Phytohormone stimulates root to sprout more spore, improves yield, the simultaneously setting of Ba Geng, can So that first kind is planted ground side's current and does not oozes from its underpart from the trickling of the earth's surface of the first planting site Thoroughly in ditch, prevent common vetch dish waterlogging, it addition, the Ba Geng that stone heap is built, can be in forest land transformation Initial stage plays fixation, and preventing came down during rainy season causes forest land, hillside to be ruined;Shower nozzle is short at night Time spray, Simulated rainwater sky so that the sparse spray of part rainwater on common vetch dish bud, promote common vetch dish bud Growth so that common vetch dish bud is more sturdy;The improvement soil of the most above-mentioned preparation, at acidity and fertilizer The optimal demand more grown with common vetch dish on Yanging matches so that common vetch dish is more sturdy, additionally Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) Can vegetate in the soil property of the first planting site, the Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) of harvesting, leaves cover, Common vetch dish can preferably be survived the winter, it is ensured that common vetch dish germinates spore the coming year, Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), the rotting of leaves Can be good at supplementing the fertility of the first planting site and regulation acidity so that common vetch dish can enter every year Row is plucked.Low cost, survival rate that thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. breeds are high, growth is fast, after cutting down its major branch, and meeting Substantial amounts of new talent is grown, it is possible to quickly form, at the peripheral of common vetch dish, the fence sheltered from heat or light at tree stump, Ensure the common vetch dish demand to growing environment, shorten the cycle of whole forest land transformation simultaneously.Certainly, on State the simply simple Main Function illustrating that each factor is individually played, mutually coordinated by each factor Effect so that common vetch dish can the most all carry out the harvesting of high yield, and the common vetch dish plucked is sturdy, product Matter is good.
Herba Houttuyniae, falls within the Chinese crude drug that happiness is wet, and it is interplanted with common vetch dish, can improve common vetch dish Yield, increase the economic benefit of whole agricultural planting, watering of the dilute rich water of one-level of low concentration simultaneously The fertile normal growth mainly ensureing Herba Houttuyniae sprout, prevents fertility excessive, causes sprout to be rotted, Herba Houttuyniae plantation is unsuccessful, and meanwhile, not uprooting in the follow-up annual rational application of fertilizer and the first year is also to protect The emphasis of card Herba Houttuyniae high yield.
Detailed scheme is:
The height of Ba Geng is 60~80cm, and it is 30~35cm that improvement soil fills out whole thickness, improvement Soil is filled out the downside of flood and is provided with sandy soils, and dam extends in sandy soils bottom the ridge.After Second Year Plant plantation Camellia sinensis on the ground at second kind, Camellia sinensis be positioned at thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. inner side and with thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. interleaved Arrange.Improvement soil is that dry land soil, peat soil and fire loam mix according to the weight ratio of 0.5:1:0.2 Conjunction preparation obtains.After Second Year, the trunk of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. is the biggest and also dwarf branch bar at tree stump also In great numbers, just as forming a hedge hurdle in the outside in ditch, the most within it plant bigger tea seedling, Camellia sinensis happiness the moon, it is possible to well grow, if plantation Camellia sinensis, can be by the ground level of the second planting site Relatively larger than the first planting site ground level arranged, many crops are interplanted, improve whole economic benefit. And, thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook., common vetch dish are all the crops that insect pest will not occur, and by interplanting, can eliminate big Sheet Tea planting is susceptible to the phenomenon of pest and disease damage, improves the economic benefit of whole agricultural.
Technique scheme can significantly improve after the yield and quality of common vetch dish, and the 3rd year annual the most all Common vetch dish can be plucked.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation in ditch is offered on Fig. 1 is domatic;
Fig. 2 is domatic sectional schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make objects and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment to this Bright it is specifically described.Should be appreciated that following word is only in order to describe the one of the present invention or several Planting specific embodiment, the protection domain of not concrete to present invention request carries out considered critical.
Following embodiment 1~2 is in the cool breeze farm of Yuexi County Hong Sheng agricultural science and technology company limited Carrying out, spore refers to send tender white spore on the common vetch dish root and stem of certain plants, and spore is plucked after growing up to common vetch dish, Loose stool water behaviour retention of urine liquid and 2 times of water mixed preparing obtain, urea water be 100~200g carbamide and The preparation of 1L water obtains, the concrete amount of application of fertilizer not clearly stated in following embodiment 1,2, this Skilled person can use in right amount according to the effect of fertilizer and use age, it is ensured that farming Reliably planting of thing, it addition, in whole planting process, be required for every year carrying out weeding, loosen the soil, Parasite killing etc. operate.In the present invention if no special instructions, the percent of component is mass concentration.
Embodiment 1
Hold fire line successfully to carry out refining mountain in forest land, selected hillside, select fine day to grill thoroughly burned for ground, burn ground After tree root, the grass root and stem of certain plants are rooted out, become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site 11 behind whole ground Equal pitch contour along hillside is offered respectively, and the domatic outside between adjacent planting site 11 uses stone heap Building a dam the ridge 12, offer ditch 13 in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along the length of planting site 11 Degree direction offers and in ditch 13, interval arranges compartment 131 along its length, and compartment 131 is by water Ditch 13 is separated into each tank, and the two ends compartment 131 of each tank is respectively provided with first and second flowing water Mouth 132, the cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth 133, the 3rd flowing water on same tank The height holding one of the flowing water mouth that the height of mouthfuls 133 is less with first and second flowing water mouth 132 camber Cause (if the height at the first-class mouth of a river is less than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 Height is consistent with the height at the first-class mouth of a river), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is handed in interval Wrong shape is arranged, the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, hillside The ditch, top 13 in forest land is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside on the ridge, dam 12 is provided with horizontal shape The sparge pipe 14 arranged, the pipe shaft of sparge pipe 14 is arranged at intervals with shower nozzle, the water outlet side of shower nozzle To the sidewall on the ridge, oblique sensing dam 12, planting site 11 is divided into and is positioned at ditch 13 by ditch 13 First planting site 111 of side and be positioned at the second planting site 112 outside ditch 13, the first planting site 111 use improvement soil to fill out whole forming, improvement soil be dry land soil, peat soil and fire loam according to The weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2 obtains, after dry land soil is rice terrace draining dry field 3~June The paddy soils taken, does not sows crop during dry field and digs 2~3 times, fire loam be straw, Fiery grey and forest land soil (native country, forest land, hillside) that tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till is according to the weight ratio of 1:2 Mixed preparing obtains;The height on the ridge, dam 12 is 60~80cm, improvement soil fill out whole thickness be 30~ 35cm, improvement soil is filled out the downside of flood and is provided with sandy soils 15, extends to sand bottom the ridge, dam 12 In soil layer 15, the width of the first planting site 111 is 30~40cm, the width of the second planting site 112 Degree is 1~1.2m;
The thorn China fir 11b seedling of life in 4~5 years of planting it is spaced spring then on the second planting site 112, Spacing in the rows 1.5m, the trunk of thorn China fir 11b seedling is clipped and enters truncated position after surviving by thorn China fir 11b Seedling Row preservative treatment, at the tree stump of thorn China fir 11b, tufted grows and stings China fir 11b seedling, 3~April, Plant for first kind and offer 4~6cm deep planting furrowes on the ground, the rhizome of Herba Houttuyniae is carried out drilling, bar Earth up after broadcasting and cover with plant ash, and pouring water in ditch, and the water surface elevation in ditch Less than the ground level 12~17cm of the first planting site, after sowing 15 days, spray the dilute rich water of one-level, Containing 5% carbamide and 2% nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer in the dilute rich water of one-level, one-level dilute rich water sprinkling twice, Between be spaced 5~8d, ground Herba Houttuyniae is cut receipts with reaping hook by 9 the end of month, and cutting will after receipts Artificial propagation/wild common vetch dish Seedling is planted interval, place bottom the next-door neighbour ridge, dam, ground at first kind and is planted Planting, the width planting plant hole is 20~25 centimetres, and size is 20 × 20cm, plants by spacing in the rows 15cm, During transplanting, common vetch dish Seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, does not hinder root system, waters and determine root water after cultivation, and in ditch Pour water in 13, and the water surface elevation in ditch 13 less than the first planting site 111 ground level 12~ 17cm, stops irrigation the one layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding at the first planting site 111 after the Frost's Descent, optional The leaves descended slowly and lightly with miscellaneous tree and Folium Pini carry out bedding;
Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, and before Herba Houttuyniae sprouts, becomes thoroughly decomposed to the first planting site applying and has Machine fertilizer and carbamide, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, and the applied amount of carbamide is 10kg/ Mu, after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens shower nozzle and carries out the spray painting of 3~5min, and bract bud First Year is not Plucking common vetch dish, prune thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook., retain a major branch, remaining thorn China fir seedling enters Row plucks top makes its height between 1.4~1.6m, and Herba Houttuyniae pulled out at the beginning of 10 months receipts, Herba Houttuyniae Part rhizome remain in the first planting site, the Herba Houttuyniae root pulled up is tapped, makes The soil that must extract drops back into the first planting site, pulls out and spreads on first and second planting site after receipts terminate Broadcast Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts together with leaves bedding on the ground of the first planting site Table, stops after the Frost's Descent irrigating;
From the beginning of the 3rd year, it is repeated below operation every year: starting after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, Herba Houttuyniae sprouts Before, applying decomposed manure and carbamide to the first planting site, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, the applied amount of carbamide is 10kg/ mu, and after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens shower nozzle and enters The spray painting of row 3~5min, 4~May to common vetch dish pluck 3~4 times, to thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. dwarf branch bar Prune so that it is Herba Houttuyniae, less than 1.5m, is pulled out receipts, Herba Houttuyniae by height at the beginning of 10 months Part rhizome remain in the first planting site, the Herba Houttuyniae root pulled up is tapped, makes The soil that must extract drops back into the first planting site, pulls out and spreads on first and second planting site after receipts terminate Broadcast Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts together with leaves bedding on the ground of the first planting site Table, stops after the Frost's Descent irrigating.
Embodiment 2
Hold fire line successfully to carry out refining mountain in forest land, selected hillside, select fine day to grill thoroughly burned for ground, burn ground After tree root, the grass root and stem of certain plants are rooted out, become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site 11 behind whole ground Equal pitch contour along hillside is offered respectively, and the domatic outside between adjacent planting site 11 uses stone heap Building a dam the ridge 12, offer ditch 13 in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along the length of planting site 11 Degree direction offers and in ditch 13, interval arranges compartment 131 along its length, and compartment 131 is by water Ditch 13 is separated into each tank, and the two ends compartment 131 of each tank is respectively provided with first and second flowing water Mouth 132, the cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth 133, the 3rd flowing water on same tank The height holding one of the flowing water mouth that the height of mouthfuls 133 is less with first and second flowing water mouth 132 camber Cause (if the height at the first-class mouth of a river is less than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 Height is consistent with the height at the first-class mouth of a river), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is handed in interval Wrong shape is arranged, the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, hillside The ditch, top 13 in forest land is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside on the ridge, dam 12 is provided with horizontal shape The sparge pipe 14 arranged, the pipe shaft of sparge pipe 14 is arranged at intervals with shower nozzle, the water outlet side of shower nozzle To the sidewall on the ridge, oblique sensing dam 12, planting site 11 is divided into and is positioned at ditch 13 by ditch 13 First planting site 111 of side and be positioned at the second planting site 112 outside ditch 13, the first planting site 111 use improvement soil to fill out whole forming, improvement soil be dry land soil, peat soil and fire loam according to The weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.8:1:0.4 obtains, after dry land soil is rice terrace draining dry field 3~June The paddy soils taken, does not sows crop during dry field and digs 2~3 times, fire loam be straw, Fiery grey and forest land soil (native country in forest land, hillside) that tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till is according to the weight of 1:3 Obtain than mixed preparing;The height on the ridge, dam 12 is 60~80cm, and improvement soil is filled out whole thickness and is 30~35cm, improvement soil is filled out the downside of flood and is provided with sandy soils, extends to bottom the ridge, dam 12 In sandy soils, the width of the first planting site 111 is 30~40cm, the width of the second planting site 112 It is 1~1.2m;
The thorn China fir 11b seedling of life in 4~5 years of planting it is spaced spring then on the second planting site 112, Spacing in the rows 1.5m, the trunk of thorn China fir 11b seedling is clipped and enters truncated position after surviving by thorn China fir 11b Seedling Row preservative treatment, at the tree stump of thorn China fir 11b, tufted grows and stings China fir 11b seedling, 3~April, Plant for first kind and offer 4~6cm deep planting furrowes on the ground, the rhizome of Herba Houttuyniae is carried out drilling, bar Earth up after broadcasting and cover with plant ash, and pouring water in ditch, and the water surface elevation in ditch Less than the ground level 12~17cm of the first planting site, after sowing 15 days, spray the dilute rich water of one-level, Containing 5% carbamide and 2% nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer in the dilute rich water of one-level, one-level dilute rich water sprinkling twice, Between be spaced 5~8d, ground Herba Houttuyniae is cut receipts with reaping hook by 9 the end of month, and cutting will after receipts Artificial propagation/wild common vetch dish Seedling is planted interval, place bottom the next-door neighbour ridge, dam, ground at first kind and is planted Planting, the width planting plant hole is 20~25 centimetres, and size is 20 × 20cm, plants by spacing in the rows 15cm, During transplanting, common vetch dish Seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, does not hinder root system, waters and determine root water after cultivation, and in ditch Pour water in 13, and the water surface elevation in ditch 13 less than the first planting site 111 ground level 12~ 17cm, stops irrigation the one layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding at the first planting site 111 after the Frost's Descent, optional The leaves descended slowly and lightly with miscellaneous tree and Folium Pini carry out bedding;
Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, and before Herba Houttuyniae sprouts, becomes thoroughly decomposed to the first planting site applying and has Machine fertilizer and carbamide, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, and the applied amount of carbamide is 10kg/ Mu, after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens shower nozzle and carries out the spray painting of 3~5min, and bract bud First Year is not Plucking common vetch dish, prune thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook., retain a major branch, remaining thorn China fir seedling enters Row plucks top makes its height between 1.4~1.6m, and Herba Houttuyniae pulled out at the beginning of 10 months receipts, Herba Houttuyniae Part rhizome remain in the first planting site, the Herba Houttuyniae root pulled up is tapped, makes The soil that must extract drops back into the first planting site, pulls out and spreads on first and second planting site after receipts terminate Broadcast Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts together with leaves bedding on the ground of the first planting site Table, stops after the Frost's Descent irrigating;
From the beginning of the 3rd year, it is repeated below operation every year: starting after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, Herba Houttuyniae sprouts Before, applying decomposed manure and carbamide to the first planting site, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, the applied amount of carbamide is 10kg/ mu, and after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens shower nozzle and enters The spray painting of row 3~5min, 4~May to common vetch dish pluck 3~4 times, to thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. dwarf branch bar Prune so that it is Herba Houttuyniae, less than 1.5m, is pulled out receipts, Herba Houttuyniae by height at the beginning of 10 months Part rhizome remain in the first planting site, the Herba Houttuyniae root pulled up is tapped, makes The soil that must extract drops back into the first planting site, pulls out and spreads on first and second planting site after receipts terminate Broadcast Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts together with leaves bedding on the ground of the first planting site Table, stops after the Frost's Descent irrigating.
In above-described embodiment 1,2, the plantation amount of every mu of common vetch dish is 2000~2500 strains, every mu of year Produce 362 kilograms of fresh common vetch dishes, pluck a length of the 15~20cm of fresh common vetch dish, the root of fresh common vetch dish root A diameter of 0.8~1.2cm, the fibrosis of fresh common vetch dish is low.
The plantation of tradition level land, the plantation amount of mu common vetch dish is 4500~6000 strains, produces 300 per year for every mu Kilogram fresh common vetch dish, plucks a length of the 15~20cm of fresh common vetch dish, and the root diameter (RD) of fresh common vetch dish root is 0.3~0.6cm, the fibrosis on fresh common vetch dish surface is high.
Meanwhile, in above-described embodiment 1,2, from the beginning of the 3rd year, annual every mu can gather 1.8~ 2.0 very heavy Herba Houttuyniae, relative to traditional agricultural planting, increase economic efficiency more than 4~5 times.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the art Those of ordinary skill for, after knowing content described in the present invention, former without departing from the present invention On the premise of reason, it is also possible to it is made some equal conversion and replacement, these convert on an equal basis and replace In generation, also should be regarded as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. an associating high yield interplanting method for medical material, refers to sting China fir, common vetch at hillside interplanting in woodland Dish, the method for Herba Houttuyniae, specifically include following operating procedure:
S1: become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site behind whole ground respectively along hillside etc. High line is offered, and domatic outside between adjacent planting site uses stone heap to build a dam the ridge, in each planting site Portion offers ditch, ditch along the length direction of planting site offer and in ditch along its length between Every arranging compartment, ditch is separated into each tank by compartment, and the two ends compartment of each tank is respectively provided with First and second flowing water mouth, the cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth, on same tank the 3rd The height of the height of flowing water mouth and the less flowing water mouth of first and second flowing water mouth camber keeps consistent, The 3rd flowing water mouth on adjacent ditch is that interleaved shape is arranged, the ditch, top in forest land, hillside and confession Water device is connected, and the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with the sparge pipe that horizontal shape is arranged, the pipe of sparge pipe Being arranged at intervals with shower nozzle with it, the sidewall of the oblique sensing in the water outlet direction Ba Geng of shower nozzle, ditch will be planted It is divided into the first planting site being positioned at inside ditch with planting and is positioned at the second planting site outside ditch, First planting site uses improvement soil to fill out whole forming, and improvement soil is that dry land soil, peat soil and fire are fertile Soil obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2, dry land soil be rice terrace draining dry field 3~ The paddy soils taken after June, does not sows crop during dry field and digs 2~3 times, and fire loam is straw The fire ash weight ratio mixed preparing according to 1:2~3 native with forest land that stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till Obtain;
S2: plant ground at second kind spring then and be spaced the thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling of life in 4~5 years of planting, thorn Preservative treatment is clipped and carried out truncated position to the trunk of thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Seedling after surviving by China fir Seedling, stings the tree of China fir At pocket, tufted grows thorn China fir seedling, 3~April, plants at first kind that on the ground to offer 4~6cm deep Planting furrow, carries out drilling by the rhizome of Herba Houttuyniae, earths up and cover with plant ash after drilling, And pour water in ditch, and the water surface elevation in ditch less than the first planting site ground level 12~ 17cm, sprays the dilute rich water of one-level, containing 5% carbamide and 2% nitrogen in the dilute rich water of one-level after sowing 15 days Phosphorus potassium complex fertilizer, the dilute rich water of one-level spray twice, between be spaced 5~8d, 9 the end of month are with reaping hook pair Ground Herba Houttuyniae carries out cutting receipts, cuts the common vetch dish Seedling of artificial propagation/wild after receipts at the first Plant interval, place bottom the next-door neighbour ridge, dam, ground to plant, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating and at the first planting site One layer of leaves of earth's surface bedding;
S3: Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, and before Herba Houttuyniae sprouts, applies corruption to the first planting site Ripe fertilizer and carbamide, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, and the applied amount of carbamide is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens shower nozzle and carries out the spray painting of 3~5min, bract bud Within 1 year, not plucking common vetch dish, prune thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook., retain a major branch, remaining stings China fir Seedling carries out plucking top makes its height between 1.4~1.6m, at the beginning of 10 months, Herba Houttuyniae is pulled out receipts, The part rhizome of Herba Houttuyniae remains in the first planting site, strikes the Herba Houttuyniae root pulled up Hit so that the soil extracted drops back into the first planting site, pull out and plant at first and second kind after receipts terminate On the ground broadcast sowing Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts together with leaves bedding at the first planting site Earth's surface, after the Frost's Descent stop irrigate;
S4: from the beginning of the 3rd year, is repeated below operation: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, Herba Houttuyniae every year Before sprouting, applying decomposed manure and carbamide to the first planting site, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, the applied amount of carbamide is 10kg/ mu, and after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens shower nozzle and enters The spray painting of row 3~5min, 4~May to common vetch dish pluck 3~4 times, to thorn Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. dwarf branch bar Prune so that it is Herba Houttuyniae, less than 1.5m, is pulled out receipts, Herba Houttuyniae by height at the beginning of 10 months Part rhizome remain in the first planting site, the Herba Houttuyniae root pulled up is tapped, makes The soil that must extract drops back into the first planting site, pulls out and spreads on first and second planting site after receipts terminate Broadcast Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici), cut after Herba Astragali Melilotoidis (Herba Astragali Sinici) maturation receipts together with leaves bedding on the ground of the first planting site Table, stops after the Frost's Descent irrigating.
The associating high yield interplanting method of medical material the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The height of Ba Geng is 60~80cm, and it is 30~35cm that improvement soil fills out whole thickness, improves soil The downside filling out flood is provided with sandy soils, and dam extends in sandy soils bottom the ridge.
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