CN104541910A - Medical material combined high yield interplanting method - Google Patents

Medical material combined high yield interplanting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104541910A
CN104541910A CN201510041322.5A CN201510041322A CN104541910A CN 104541910 A CN104541910 A CN 104541910A CN 201510041322 A CN201510041322 A CN 201510041322A CN 104541910 A CN104541910 A CN 104541910A
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China
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planting site
ditch
cordate houttuynia
soil
planting
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CN201510041322.5A
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CN104541910B (en
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王寿南
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HAIMEN JIANGHAI CONSTRUCTION INVESTMENT CO., LTD.
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Wuhu Heng Nuo Enertech Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry

Abstract

The invention relates to a medical material combined high yield interplanting method. The method includes slope and woodland optimization, Cunninghamia Lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook, osmunda japonica thunb and herba houttuyniae planting, Cunninghamia Lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook trimming, osmunda japonica thunb and herba houttuyniae seedling cultivation, and osmunda japonica thunb and herba houttuyniae fertilization, irrigation and cultivation. By the aid of the technical scheme, the yield of the osmunda japonica thunb can be increased significantly, the quality of the osmunda japonica thunb can be improved significantly, the osmunda japonica thunb can be picked each year after three years, in addition, large amount of herba houttuyniae can be obtained each year, the benefit of agricultural cultivation can be increased significantly.

Description

A kind of associating high yield interplanting method of medicinal material
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural production, be specifically related to a kind of associating high yield interplanting method of medicinal material.
Background technology
Common vetch dish, the purple dustpan of formal name used at school, belongs to perennial pteridophyte, has exist widely in mountain area, Dabie Mountain.Containing the various trace elements such as rich in protein, vitamin and potassium, calcium, squama in common vetch dish, common vetch dish not only can be made into delicious dish, have more the effects such as anticancer, heat-clearing, removing toxic substances, fat-reducing, beauty treatment, to the virus such as influenza, encephalitis B, there is obvious inhibitory action simultaneously, be long-term outlet, be in great demand overseas vegetables, is particularly exported to Japan.
At present, common vetch dish is field acquisition mostly, although also there is local experiment artificial planting, it yields poorly, and the common vetch dish stem of collection is thin, poor quality, and to pluck after one, two year common vetch dish will withered or no longer bract bud.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is just to provide a kind of associating high yield interplanting method of medicinal material, and it can effectively solve the problem, and the output of common vetch dish is high, and common vetch dish is sturdy, and quality better can be plucked for a long time, can not the underproduction.
For achieving the above object, present invention employs following technical scheme:
An associating high yield interplanting method for medicinal material, refers in the method for hillside interplanting in woodland thorn China fir, common vetch dish, cordate houttuynia, specifically comprises following operating procedure:
S1: become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site behind whole ground is offered along the contour on hillside respectively, domatic outside between adjacent planting site adopts stone to pile the ridge of building a dam, ditch is offered in the middle part of each planting site, ditch along the length direction of planting site offer and in ditch along its length interval compartment is set, ditch is separated into each tank by compartment, the two ends compartment of each tank arranges first respectively, the second-rate mouth of a river, cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth, the height and first of the 3rd flowing water mouth on same tank, the height of flowing water mouth highly less in the second-rate mouth of a river is consistent, compartment on adjacent ditch and the 3rd flowing water mouth are arranged in interleaved shape respectively, the ditch, top in forest land, hillside is connected with water supply installation, the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with the sparge pipe of horizontal shape layout, the pipe shaft of sparge pipe is arranged at intervals with shower nozzle, the sidewall of the oblique sensing in the water outlet direction Ba Geng of shower nozzle, planting site is divided into the first planting site be positioned at inside ditch and the second planting site be positioned at outside ditch by ditch, first planting site adopts improvement soil to fill out whole forming, improvement soil is dry land soil, peat soil and fiery loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2 ~ 0.8:1:0.4, the paddy soils of dry land soil for getting after 3 ~ June of paddy field draining dry field, do not sow crop during dry field and dig 2 ~ 3 times, fire loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, the fire ash that weeds burn till obtains according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2 ~ 3 with forest land soil (native country in forest land, hillside),
S2: plant interval on the ground at second kind spring then and to plant the thorn Chinese fir seedling of life in 4 ~ 5 years, after thorn China fir seedling survives, the trunk of thorn Chinese fir seedling is clipped and carried out preservative treatment to truncated position, the tree stump place tufted of thorn China fir grows thorn China fir seedling, 3 ~ April, plant at first kind and offer the dark planting furrow of 4 ~ 6cm on the ground, the rhizome of cordate houttuynia is carried out drilling, ridging after drilling also covers with ash, and pour water in ditch, and water surface elevation in ditch is lower than the ground level 12 ~ 17cm of the first planting site, sow 15 days and spray the rare rich water of one-level afterwards, containing 5% urea and 2% nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer in the rare rich water of one-level, the rare rich water of one-level sprays twice, between interval 5 ~ 8d, 9 the end of month cut receipts with reaping hook to ground cordate houttuynia, after cutting receipts, the common vetch dish seedling of artificial propagation/wild is planted at first kind and locate interval bottom the next-door neighbour ridge, dam on the ground and plant, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating and at earth's surface bedding one deck leaf of the first planting site,
S3: Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, before cordate houttuynia teething, decomposed manure and nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is applied to the first planting site, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens the spray painting that shower nozzle carries out 3 ~ 5min, bract bud First Year is not plucked common vetch dish, thorn Chinese fir is pruned, retain a major branch, all the other thorn China fir seedling carry out plucking top makes its height between 1.4 ~ 1.6m, at the beginning of 10 months, receipts are pulled out to cordate houttuynia, the part rhizome of cordate houttuynia is thrown away and is retained in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is knocked, the soil extracted is made to fall to being back in the first planting site, pull out receipts terminate after first, two planting sites broadcast sowing Chinese milk vetch, cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation receive together with leaf bedding on the earth's surface of the first planting site, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating,
S4: from the 3rd year, be repeated below operation every year: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, before cordate houttuynia teething, decomposed manure and nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is applied to the first planting site, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens the spray painting that shower nozzle carries out 3 ~ 5min, 4 ~ May plucks 3 ~ 4 times common vetch dish, the dwarf branch bar of thorn Chinese fir is pruned, it is made highly to be no more than 1.5m, at the beginning of 10 months, receipts are pulled out to cordate houttuynia, the part rhizome of cordate houttuynia is thrown away and is retained in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is knocked, the soil extracted is made to fall to being back in the first planting site, pull out receipts terminate after first, two planting sites broadcast sowing Chinese milk vetch, cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation receive together with leaf bedding on the earth's surface of the first planting site, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating.
The plantation of common vetch dish, topmost is exactly the control of liquid manure, and the happiness of common vetch dish happiness water is cloudy, but also water funk flood, and very harsh to soil for growth.The present invention is by the transformation in forest land, above-mentioned hillside, the irrigation system that ditch is formed, forest land, the irrigation of uniform fluid flow whole hillside can be made, water lev el control simultaneously in ditch lower than first planting site earth's surface 12 ~ 17cm, ensure that the happiness water of common vetch dish is irrigated and there will not be waterlogging, common vetch dish is planted bottom the ridge, dam, to to get well more than level land planting effect, common vetch dish is by the impact of Ba Geng, the new cauline leaf sent out is grown to away from Ba Geng side, the plant hormone in it is made to stimulate root to sprout more gemma, improve output, the setting of Ba Geng simultaneously, first kind can be made to plant ground side's current does not penetrate in ditch from the trickling of the earth's surface of the first planting site from its underpart, prevent the waterlogging of common vetch dish, in addition, stone piles the Ba Geng built, fixation can be played at the initial stage of forest land transformation, preventing came down during rainy season causes forest land, hillside to be ruined, shower nozzle sprayed in short-term at night, Simulated rainwater sky, made the sparse spray of part rainwater on common vetch dish bud, promoted the growth of common vetch dish bud, made common vetch dish bud more sturdy, the improvement soil of above-mentioned preparation simultaneously, support in acidity and fertilizer the best demand more grown with common vetch dish to match, make common vetch dish more sturdy, Chinese milk vetch can be vegetated in the soil property of the first planting site in addition, Chinese milk vetch, the leaf of harvesting cover, and common vetch dish can be survived the winter better, ensure that common vetch dish to germinate spore the coming year, the rotten of Chinese milk vetch, leaf can be good at the fertility of supplementary first planting site and regulates acidity, and common vetch dish can both be plucked every year.The cost of thorn Chinese fir breeding is low, survival rate is high, growth is fast, after cutting down its major branch, a large amount of new talents can be gone out tree stump director, the fence sheltered from heat or light can be formed fast in the periphery of common vetch dish, ensure that common vetch dish is to the demand of growing environment, shortens the cycle of whole forest land transformation simultaneously.Certainly, independent the played Main Function of the above-mentioned just each factor of simple elaboration, by the mutual coordinative role of each factor, make common vetch dish all can carry out the harvesting of high yield every year, and the common vetch dish plucked is sturdy, quality better.
Cordate houttuynia, also the traditional Chinese medicine that happiness is wet is belonged to, itself and common vetch dish are interplanted, and can improve the output of common vetch dish, increase the economic benefit of whole agricultural planting simultaneously, the normal growth watering fertile mainly guarantee cordate houttuynia bud seedling of the rare rich water of one-level of low concentration, prevent fertility excessive, cause bud scutellum rot, cordate houttuynia plantation is unsuccessful, meanwhile, not uprooting in the follow-up annual rational application of fertilizer and the first year is also the emphasis ensureing cordate houttuynia high yield.
Detailed scheme is:
The height of Ba Geng is 60 ~ 80cm, and it is 30 ~ 35cm that improvement soil fills out whole thickness, and the downside that improvement soil fills out flood is provided with sandy soils, and dam extends in sandy soils bottom the ridge.Plant at second kind after Second Year and on the ground plant tea tree, tea tree is positioned at the inner side of thorn Chinese fir and interval-staggered with thorn Chinese fir.Improvement soil is that dry land soil, peat soil and fiery loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2.After Second Year, dwarf branch bar that is comparatively large and tree stump place is also in great numbers for the trunk of thorn Chinese fir, just as forming a hedge hurdle in the outside in ditch, now plant larger tea seedling within it, tea tree happiness is cloudy, can be good at growth, if plantation tea tree, what the ground level of the second planting site can be arranged is comparatively greater than the first planting site ground level, and many crop interplantings, improve whole economic benefit.And thorn Chinese fir, common vetch dish are all the crops that insect pest can not occur, and by interplanting, can eliminate the phenomenon that damage by disease and insect easily occurs large stretch of Tea planting, improve the economic benefit of whole agricultural.
Technique scheme can significantly improve the yield and quality of common vetch dish, and the 3rd year can both pluck common vetch dish afterwards every year.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation in ditch is offered on Fig. 1 is domatic;
Fig. 2 is domatic sectional schematic diagram.
Embodiment
In order to make objects and advantages of the present invention clearly understand, below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is specifically described.Should be appreciated that following word only in order to describe one or more concrete embodiments of the present invention, considered critical is not carried out to the protection domain that the present invention specifically asks.
Following embodiment 1 ~ 2 is carried out in the cool breeze farm of Yuexi County Hong Sheng agricultural science and technology Co., Ltd, gemma refers to and the common vetch dish root and stem of certain plants sends tender white gemma, gemma is plucked after growing up to common vetch dish, loose stool water behaviour retention of urine liquid and 2 times of water mixed preparing obtain, urea water is that 100 ~ 200g urea and the preparation of 1L water obtain, following embodiment 1, the concrete amount of application of the fertilizer do not clearly not stated in 2, those skilled in the art can use in right amount according to the effect of fertilizer and use age, ensure reliably planting of crops, in addition, in whole planting process, all need to carry out weeding every year, loosen the soil, the operations such as desinsection.In the present invention if no special instructions, the percentage of component is mass concentration.
Embodiment 1
Hold fire line successfully in forest land, selected hillside and carry out refining mountain, fine day is selected to grill thoroughly burned for ground, by tree root behind burning ground, the grass root and stem of certain plants is rooted out, staged is become by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site 11 behind whole ground is offered along the contour on hillside respectively, domatic outside between adjacent planting site 11 adopts stone to pile the ridge 12 of building a dam, ditch 13 is offered in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 along the length direction of planting site 11 offer and in ditch 13 along its length interval compartment 131 is set, ditch 13 is separated into each tank by compartment 131, the two ends compartment 131 of each tank arranges first respectively, the second-rate mouth of a river 132, cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth 133, the height and first of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 on same tank, the height of flowing water mouth highly less in the second-rate mouth of a river 132 is consistent (if the height at the first-class mouth of a river is lower than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the height of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 is consistent with the height at the first-class mouth of a river), compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, the ditch, top 13 in forest land, hillside is connected with water supply installation, the upper outside on the ridge, dam 12 is provided with the sparge pipe 14 of horizontal shape layout, the pipe shaft of sparge pipe 14 is arranged at intervals with shower nozzle, the sidewall on the ridge, oblique sensing dam, water outlet direction 12 of shower nozzle, planting site 11 is divided into the first planting site 111 be positioned at inside ditch 13 and the second planting site 112 be positioned at outside ditch 13 by ditch 13, first planting site 111 adopts improvement soil to fill out whole forming, improvement soil is dry land soil, peat soil and fiery loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2, the paddy soils of dry land soil for getting after 3 ~ June of paddy field draining dry field, do not sow crop during dry field and dig 2 ~ 3 times, fire loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, the fire ash that weeds burn till obtains according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2 with forest land soil (native country, forest land, hillside), the height on the ridge, dam 12 is 60 ~ 80cm, it is 30 ~ 35cm that improvement soil fills out whole thickness, and the downside that improvement soil fills out flood is provided with sandy soils 15, extends in sandy soils 15 bottom the ridge, dam 12, the width of the first planting site 111 is 30 ~ 40cm, and the width of the second planting site 112 is 1 ~ 1.2m,
Spring plants the thorn China fir 11b sapling of life in 4 ~ 5 years in interval on the second planting site 112 then, spacing in the rows 1.5m, after thorn China fir 11b seedling survives, the trunk of thorn China fir 11b sapling is clipped and carried out preservative treatment to truncated position, the tree stump place tufted of thorn China fir 11b grows thorn China fir 11b seedling, 3 ~ April, plant at first kind and offer the dark planting furrow of 4 ~ 6cm on the ground, the rhizome of cordate houttuynia is carried out drilling, ridging after drilling also covers with ash, and pour water in ditch, and water surface elevation in ditch is lower than the ground level 12 ~ 17cm of the first planting site, sow 15 days and spray the rare rich water of one-level afterwards, containing 5% urea and 2% nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer in the rare rich water of one-level, the rare rich water of one-level sprays twice, between interval 5 ~ 8d, 9 the end of month cut receipts with reaping hook to ground cordate houttuynia, after cutting receipts, the common vetch dish seedling of artificial propagation/wild is planted at first kind and locate interval bottom the next-door neighbour ridge, dam on the ground and plant, the width of planting plant hole is 20 ~ 25 centimetres, size is 20 × 20cm, plant by spacing in the rows 15cm, during transplanting, common vetch dish seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, do not hinder root system, normal root water is watered after cultivation, and pour water in ditch 13, and water surface elevation in ditch 13 is lower than the ground level 12 ~ 17cm of the first planting site 111, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating and at earth's surface bedding one deck leaf of the first planting site 111, the leaf that Za Shu can be selected to descend slowly and lightly and pine needle carry out bedding,
Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, before cordate houttuynia teething, decomposed manure and nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer (16-22-7) is applied to the first planting site, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens the spray painting that shower nozzle carries out 3 ~ 5min, bract bud First Year is not plucked common vetch dish, thorn Chinese fir is pruned, retain a major branch, all the other thorn China fir seedling carry out plucking top makes its height between 1.4 ~ 1.6m, at the beginning of 10 months, receipts are pulled out to cordate houttuynia, the part rhizome of cordate houttuynia is thrown away and is retained in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is knocked, the soil extracted is made to fall to being back in the first planting site, pull out receipts terminate after first, two planting sites broadcast sowing Chinese milk vetch, cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation receive together with leaf bedding on the earth's surface of the first planting site, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating,
From the 3rd year, be repeated below operation every year: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, before cordate houttuynia teething, decomposed manure and nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is applied to the first planting site, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens the spray painting that shower nozzle carries out 3 ~ 5min, 4 ~ May plucks 3 ~ 4 times common vetch dish, the dwarf branch bar of thorn Chinese fir is pruned, it is made highly to be no more than 1.5m, at the beginning of 10 months, receipts are pulled out to cordate houttuynia, the part rhizome of cordate houttuynia is thrown away and is retained in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is knocked, the soil extracted is made to fall to being back in the first planting site, pull out receipts terminate after first, two planting sites broadcast sowing Chinese milk vetch, cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation receive together with leaf bedding on the earth's surface of the first planting site, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating.
Embodiment 2
Hold fire line successfully in forest land, selected hillside and carry out refining mountain, fine day is selected to grill thoroughly burned for ground, by tree root behind burning ground, the grass root and stem of certain plants is rooted out, staged is become by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site 11 behind whole ground is offered along the contour on hillside respectively, domatic outside between adjacent planting site 11 adopts stone to pile the ridge 12 of building a dam, ditch 13 is offered in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 along the length direction of planting site 11 offer and in ditch 13 along its length interval compartment 131 is set, ditch 13 is separated into each tank by compartment 131, the two ends compartment 131 of each tank arranges first respectively, the second-rate mouth of a river 132, cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth 133, the height and first of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 on same tank, the height of flowing water mouth highly less in the second-rate mouth of a river 132 is consistent (if the height at the first-class mouth of a river is lower than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the height of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 is consistent with the height at the first-class mouth of a river), compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, the ditch, top 13 in forest land, hillside is connected with water supply installation, the upper outside on the ridge, dam 12 is provided with the sparge pipe 14 of horizontal shape layout, the pipe shaft of sparge pipe 14 is arranged at intervals with shower nozzle, the sidewall on the ridge, oblique sensing dam, water outlet direction 12 of shower nozzle, planting site 11 is divided into the first planting site 111 be positioned at inside ditch 13 and the second planting site 112 be positioned at outside ditch 13 by ditch 13, first planting site 111 adopts improvement soil to fill out whole forming, improvement soil is dry land soil, peat soil and fiery loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.8:1:0.4, the paddy soils of dry land soil for getting after 3 ~ June of paddy field draining dry field, do not sow crop during dry field and dig 2 ~ 3 times, fire loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, the fire ash that weeds burn till obtains according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:3 with forest land soil (native country in forest land, hillside), the height on the ridge, dam 12 is 60 ~ 80cm, it is 30 ~ 35cm that improvement soil fills out whole thickness, and the downside that improvement soil fills out flood is provided with sandy soils, extends in sandy soils bottom the ridge, dam 12, the width of the first planting site 111 is 30 ~ 40cm, and the width of the second planting site 112 is 1 ~ 1.2m,
Spring plants the thorn China fir 11b sapling of life in 4 ~ 5 years in interval on the second planting site 112 then, spacing in the rows 1.5m, after thorn China fir 11b seedling survives, the trunk of thorn China fir 11b sapling is clipped and carried out preservative treatment to truncated position, the tree stump place tufted of thorn China fir 11b grows thorn China fir 11b seedling, 3 ~ April, plant at first kind and offer the dark planting furrow of 4 ~ 6cm on the ground, the rhizome of cordate houttuynia is carried out drilling, ridging after drilling also covers with ash, and pour water in ditch, and water surface elevation in ditch is lower than the ground level 12 ~ 17cm of the first planting site, sow 15 days and spray the rare rich water of one-level afterwards, containing 5% urea and 2% nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer in the rare rich water of one-level, the rare rich water of one-level sprays twice, between interval 5 ~ 8d, 9 the end of month cut receipts with reaping hook to ground cordate houttuynia, after cutting receipts, the common vetch dish seedling of artificial propagation/wild is planted at first kind and locate interval bottom the next-door neighbour ridge, dam on the ground and plant, the width of planting plant hole is 20 ~ 25 centimetres, size is 20 × 20cm, plant by spacing in the rows 15cm, during transplanting, common vetch dish seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, do not hinder root system, normal root water is watered after cultivation, and pour water in ditch 13, and water surface elevation in ditch 13 is lower than the ground level 12 ~ 17cm of the first planting site 111, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating and at earth's surface bedding one deck leaf of the first planting site 111, the leaf that Za Shu can be selected to descend slowly and lightly and pine needle carry out bedding,
Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, before cordate houttuynia teething, decomposed manure and nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer (16-22-7) is applied to the first planting site, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens the spray painting that shower nozzle carries out 3 ~ 5min, bract bud First Year is not plucked common vetch dish, thorn Chinese fir is pruned, retain a major branch, all the other thorn China fir seedling carry out plucking top makes its height between 1.4 ~ 1.6m, at the beginning of 10 months, receipts are pulled out to cordate houttuynia, the part rhizome of cordate houttuynia is thrown away and is retained in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is knocked, the soil extracted is made to fall to being back in the first planting site, pull out receipts terminate after first, two planting sites broadcast sowing Chinese milk vetch, cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation receive together with leaf bedding on the earth's surface of the first planting site, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating,
From the 3rd year, be repeated below operation every year: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, before cordate houttuynia teething, decomposed manure and nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is applied to the first planting site, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens the spray painting that shower nozzle carries out 3 ~ 5min, 4 ~ May plucks 3 ~ 4 times common vetch dish, the dwarf branch bar of thorn Chinese fir is pruned, it is made highly to be no more than 1.5m, at the beginning of 10 months, receipts are pulled out to cordate houttuynia, the part rhizome of cordate houttuynia is thrown away and is retained in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is knocked, the soil extracted is made to fall to being back in the first planting site, pull out receipts terminate after first, two planting sites broadcast sowing Chinese milk vetch, cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation receive together with leaf bedding on the earth's surface of the first planting site, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating.
In above-described embodiment 1,2, the plantation amount of every mu of common vetch dish is 2000 ~ 2500 strains, and produce 362 kilograms of fresh common vetch dishes per year for every mu, the length of plucking fresh common vetch dish is 15 ~ 20cm, and the root diameter (RD) of fresh common vetch dish root is 0.8 ~ 1.2cm, and the fibrosis of fresh common vetch dish is low.
The plantation of tradition level land, the plantation amount of mu common vetch dish is 4500 ~ 6000 strains, and produce 300 kilograms of fresh common vetch dishes per year for every mu, the length of plucking fresh common vetch dish is 15 ~ 20cm, and the root diameter (RD) of fresh common vetch dish root is 0.3 ~ 0.6cm, and the fibrosis on fresh common vetch dish surface is high.
Meanwhile, in above-described embodiment 1,2, from the 3rd year, every mu of 1.8 ~ 2.0 very heavy cordate houttuynias of can gathering, relative to traditional agricultural planting, increase economic efficiency more than 4 ~ 5 times every year.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; should be understood that; for those skilled in the art; to know in the present invention after contents; under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention; can also make some equal conversion to it and substitute, these convert on an equal basis and substitute and also should be considered as belonging to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. an associating high yield interplanting method for medicinal material, refers in the method for hillside interplanting in woodland thorn China fir, common vetch dish, cordate houttuynia, specifically comprises following operating procedure:
S1: become staged by whole for forest land, hillside, each planting site behind whole ground is offered along the contour on hillside respectively, domatic outside between adjacent planting site adopts stone to pile the ridge of building a dam, ditch is offered in the middle part of each planting site, ditch along the length direction of planting site offer and in ditch along its length interval compartment is set, ditch is separated into each tank by compartment, the two ends compartment of each tank arranges first respectively, the second-rate mouth of a river, cell wall outside tank is offered the 3rd flowing water mouth, the height and first of the 3rd flowing water mouth on same tank, the height of flowing water mouth highly less in the second-rate mouth of a river is consistent, the 3rd flowing water mouth on adjacent ditch is that interleaved shape is arranged, the ditch, top in forest land, hillside is connected with water supply installation, the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with the sparge pipe of horizontal shape layout, the pipe shaft of sparge pipe is arranged at intervals with shower nozzle, the sidewall of the oblique sensing in the water outlet direction Ba Geng of shower nozzle, planting site is divided into the first planting site be positioned at inside ditch and the second planting site be positioned at outside ditch by ditch, first planting site adopts improvement soil to fill out whole forming, improvement soil is dry land soil, peat soil and fiery loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2 ~ 0.8:1:0.4, the paddy soils of dry land soil for getting after 3 ~ June of paddy field draining dry field, do not sow crop during dry field and dig 2 ~ 3 times, fire loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, the fire ash that weeds burn till obtains according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 1:2 ~ 3 with forest land soil,
S2: plant interval on the ground at second kind spring then and to plant the thorn Chinese fir seedling of life in 4 ~ 5 years, after thorn China fir seedling survives, the trunk of thorn Chinese fir seedling is clipped and carried out preservative treatment to truncated position, the tree stump place tufted of thorn China fir grows thorn China fir seedling, 3 ~ April, plant at first kind and offer the dark planting furrow of 4 ~ 6cm on the ground, the rhizome of cordate houttuynia is carried out drilling, ridging after drilling also covers with ash, and pour water in ditch, and water surface elevation in ditch is lower than the ground level 12 ~ 17cm of the first planting site, sow 15 days and spray the rare rich water of one-level afterwards, containing 5% urea and 2% nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer in the rare rich water of one-level, the rare rich water of one-level sprays twice, between interval 5 ~ 8d, 9 the end of month cut receipts with reaping hook to ground cordate houttuynia, after cutting receipts, the common vetch dish seedling of artificial propagation/wild is planted at first kind and locate interval bottom the next-door neighbour ridge, dam on the ground and plant, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating and at earth's surface bedding one deck leaf of the first planting site,
S3: Second Year starts after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, before cordate houttuynia teething, decomposed manure and nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is applied to the first planting site, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens the spray painting that shower nozzle carries out 3 ~ 5min, bract bud First Year is not plucked common vetch dish, thorn Chinese fir is pruned, retain a major branch, all the other thorn China fir seedling carry out plucking top makes its height between 1.4 ~ 1.6m, at the beginning of 10 months, receipts are pulled out to cordate houttuynia, the part rhizome of cordate houttuynia is thrown away and is retained in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is knocked, the soil extracted is made to fall to being back in the first planting site, pull out receipts terminate after first, two planting sites broadcast sowing Chinese milk vetch, cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation receive together with leaf bedding on the earth's surface of the first planting site, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating,
S4: from the 3rd year, be repeated below operation every year: start after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) to irrigate, before cordate houttuynia teething, decomposed manure and nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer is applied to the first planting site, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mu, the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud, night every day opens the spray painting that shower nozzle carries out 3 ~ 5min, 4 ~ May plucks 3 ~ 4 times common vetch dish, the dwarf branch bar of thorn Chinese fir is pruned, it is made highly to be no more than 1.5m, at the beginning of 10 months, receipts are pulled out to cordate houttuynia, the part rhizome of cordate houttuynia is thrown away and is retained in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is knocked, the soil extracted is made to fall to being back in the first planting site, pull out receipts terminate after first, two planting sites broadcast sowing Chinese milk vetch, cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation receive together with leaf bedding on the earth's surface of the first planting site, stop after the Frost's Descent irrigating.
2. the associating high yield interplanting method of medicinal material according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the height of Ba Geng is 60 ~ 80cm, it is 30 ~ 35cm that improvement soil fills out whole thickness, and the downside that improvement soil fills out flood is provided with sandy soils, and dam extends in sandy soils bottom the ridge.
3. the associating high yield interplanting method of medicinal material according to claim 1, is characterized in that: improvement soil is that dry land soil, peat soil and fiery loam obtain according to the weight ratio mixed preparing of 0.5:1:0.2.
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CN107624554A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-26 博白县富山水果种植专业合作社 A kind of high-yield planting method of strawberry
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CN107624554A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-26 博白县富山水果种植专业合作社 A kind of high-yield planting method of strawberry
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