CN107624555A - A kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry - Google Patents

A kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107624555A
CN107624555A CN201711049956.0A CN201711049956A CN107624555A CN 107624555 A CN107624555 A CN 107624555A CN 201711049956 A CN201711049956 A CN 201711049956A CN 107624555 A CN107624555 A CN 107624555A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
strawberry
clover
cordate houttuynia
ridge
planted
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711049956.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘怡玲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bobai County Toyama Fruit Planting Cooperatives
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Bobai County Toyama Fruit Planting Cooperatives
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Bobai County Toyama Fruit Planting Cooperatives filed Critical Bobai County Toyama Fruit Planting Cooperatives
Priority to CN201711049956.0A priority Critical patent/CN107624555A/en
Publication of CN107624555A publication Critical patent/CN107624555A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry, it is related to planting technology field.The implantation methods include ditching, ridging, the interplanting of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek, rich water quality management, the crop rotation of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek;Wherein, interplanting is that strawberry, cordate houttuynia and clover are planted on the ridge, leek is planted in the ditch, the strawberry is individually planted on same ridge, cordate houttuynia and the clover mixed planting plants the ridge of strawberry between plantation cordate houttuynia and the ridge of clover on same ridge;Crop rotation is that after planting 23 years, cordate houttuynia and clover are planted on the ridge of the original seed grass planting certain kind of berries, is planted in original seed and plants strawberry on the ridge of cordate houttuynia and clover.The present invention can reduce the generation of strawberry pest and disease damage, overcome continuous cropping obstacle, improve yield.

Description

A kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to planting technology field, and in particular to a kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry.
【Background technology】
Strawberry is herbaceos perennial, high 10-40 centimetres, and stem is close by development yellow pubescence less than leaf or near equal.Leaf Three go out, leaflet tool short handle, quality is thicker, obovate or rhombus, above bottle green, it is several hairless, below light white green, thinly covered hair, Along the pulse it is closeer;Petiole is close by development yellow pubescence.Cyme, the leaflet of the short handle of mask one under inflorescence;Flower both sexes;Sepal ovum Shape is slightly longer than calycule piece;Petal white, subcircular or the ellipse of falling ovum.Aggregate fruit is big, and it is upright to harbor sepal, is close to fruit; Achene point is avette, smooth.Strawberry taste is sour-sweet, and fragrance is unique, deep to be liked by masses.
Strawberry large-scale planting has tended to be ripe, but strawberry is disease fruit occurred frequently, and common pest and disease damage is:Gray mold, Powdery mildew, zonate spot, leaf spot, aphid, red spider and fleahopper silk worm etc., harm can seriously cause yield reduction, quality decline, be Raising yield and quality, to occur pest and disease damage in plantation can be prevented and treated using substantial amounts of chemical pesticide often, but with life The raising of bioplasm amount, the food-safe demand of people also gradually rise, and a large amount of use of chemical pesticide threatens food security, Public demand can not be met.
【The content of the invention】
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the invention provides a kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry, this method can reduce strawberry disease pest Evil occurs, and improves yield, overcomes continuous cropping obstacle.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry, comprise the following steps:
(1) ditching, ridging:Crop field is turned over, shines soil, thin, leveling is harrowed after basal dressing, and in south-north direction trench digging Ridge, forms high 30-50cm, wide 50-80cm ridge, and the both sides on the ridge are respectively formed wide 15-25cm, deep 5-10cm ditch;
(2) interplanting of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek:Strawberry, cordate houttuynia and clover are planted on the ridge, Leek is planted in the ditch, the strawberry is individually planted on same ridge, and cordate houttuynia and the clover mixed planting is same On one ridge, and the ridge of strawberry is planted between plantation cordate houttuynia and the ridge of clover;
(3) rich water quality management:Irrigated and applied fertilizer according to the rich water demand of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek;
(4) crop rotation of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek:After planting 2-3, planted on the ridge of the original seed grass planting certain kind of berries Cordate houttuynia and clover, planted in original seed and plant strawberry on the ridge of cordate houttuynia and clover.
Further, the planting patterns of the cordate houttuynia and clover is:Cordate houttuynia and clover are planted in the 4-5 months, and three Leaf grass is around the surrounding for being planted in cordate houttuynia, and clover plantation width is 10-15cm.
Further, the planting patterns of the leek is:Leek is planted in the 3-4 months, plantation 3-4 row leek in each ditch, And leek line-spacing and spacing in the rows are 5-6cm.
Further, the strawberry cultivating mode is:Start when clover, cordate houttuynia and leek are in vigorous period Strawberry is planted, plants the two Lysimachia sikokiana certain kind of berries on each ridge, and strawberry line-spacing and spacing in the rows are 15-20cm.
Further, the leek grows to during 10-15cm and can gathered in together, supplements liquid manure after harvesting at once.
Further, harvesting uses as green manure after the clover bears fruit yearly, and supplements liquid manure after harvesting at once.
Further, the cordate houttuynia takes complete stool after strawberry harvest home, and Second Year continues to plant.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the advantages that:
The present invention by by strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek carry out rationally interplanting and crop rotation, make strawberry, cordate houttuynia, Promote mutually between clover and leek, the root exudates of cordate houttuynia and leek has antagonism to strawberry pathogenic bacteria, can Diseases of Strawberry is reduced, and clover can not only improve soil physical chemistry structure, increase soil fertility, moreover it is possible to attract aphid and moth The pest natural enemies such as class, and then reduce strawberry insect pest and occur, avoid a large amount of uses of chemical pesticide in planting process;Meanwhile cover The laggard road wheel kind of kind can alleviate soil toxicity, overcome strawberry continuous cropping obstacle, improve yield.
【Embodiment】
The embodiment of the present invention is described further with reference to embodiments.
Embodiment 1
A kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry of the present embodiment, comprise the following steps:
(1) ditching, ridging:Crop field is turned over, shines soil, thin, leveling is harrowed after basal dressing, and in south-north direction trench digging Ridge, forms high 30cm, wide 50cm ridge, and the both sides on the ridge are respectively formed wide 15cm, deep 5cm ditch.
(2) interplanting of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek:Strawberry, cordate houttuynia and clover are planted on the ridge, Leek is planted in the ditch, the strawberry is individually planted on same ridge, and cordate houttuynia and the clover mixed planting is same On one ridge, and the ridge of strawberry is planted between plantation cordate houttuynia and the ridge of clover;Wherein, the cordate houttuynia and clover Planting patterns is:Cordate houttuynia and clover are planted April, and clover surrounds the surrounding for being planted in cordate houttuynia, and clover is planted Width is 10cm, and the clover is gathered in after bearing fruit yearly and used as green manure, supplements liquid manure, the cordate houttuynia after harvesting at once Take complete stool after strawberry harvest home, Second Year continues to plant;The planting patterns of the leek is:Leek is planted March, often 3 row leek of plantation in one ditch, and leek line-spacing and spacing in the rows are 5cm, the leek, which is grown to during 10cm, to gather in together, after harvesting Liquid manure is supplemented at once;The strawberry cultivating mode is:Start to plant when clover, cordate houttuynia and leek are in vigorous period Strawberry, the two Lysimachia sikokiana certain kind of berries are planted on each ridge, and strawberry line-spacing and spacing in the rows are 15cm.
(3) rich water quality management:Irrigated and applied fertilizer according to the rich water demand of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek.
(4) crop rotation of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek:After plantation 2 years, fish is planted on the ridge of the original seed grass planting certain kind of berries Raw meat grass and clover, planted in original seed and plant strawberry on the ridge of cordate houttuynia and clover.
Embodiment 2
A kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry of the present embodiment, comprise the following steps:
(1) ditching, ridging:Crop field is turned over, shines soil, thin, leveling is harrowed after basal dressing, and in south-north direction trench digging Ridge, forms high 50cm, wide 80cm ridge, and the both sides on the ridge are respectively formed wide 25cm, deep 10cm ditch.
(2) interplanting of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek:Strawberry, cordate houttuynia and clover are planted on the ridge, Leek is planted in the ditch, the strawberry is individually planted on same ridge, and cordate houttuynia and the clover mixed planting is same On one ridge, and the ridge of strawberry is planted between plantation cordate houttuynia and the ridge of clover;Wherein, the cordate houttuynia and clover Planting patterns is:Cordate houttuynia and clover are planted May, and clover surrounds the surrounding for being planted in cordate houttuynia, and clover is planted Width is 15cm, and the clover is gathered in after bearing fruit yearly and used as green manure, supplements liquid manure, the cordate houttuynia after harvesting at once Take complete stool after strawberry harvest home, Second Year continues to plant;The planting patterns of the leek is:Leek is planted April, often 4 row leek of plantation in one ditch, and leek line-spacing and spacing in the rows are 6cm, the leek, which is grown to during 15cm, to gather in together, after harvesting Liquid manure is supplemented at once;The strawberry cultivating mode is:Start to plant when clover, cordate houttuynia and leek are in vigorous period Strawberry, the two Lysimachia sikokiana certain kind of berries are planted on each ridge, and strawberry line-spacing and spacing in the rows are 20cm.
(3) rich water quality management:Irrigated and applied fertilizer according to the rich water demand of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek.
(4) crop rotation of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek:After plantation 3 years, fish is planted on the ridge of the original seed grass planting certain kind of berries Raw meat grass and clover, planted in original seed and plant strawberry on the ridge of cordate houttuynia and clover.
Embodiment 3
A kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry of the present embodiment, comprise the following steps:
(1) ditching, ridging:Crop field is turned over, shines soil, thin, leveling is harrowed after basal dressing, and in south-north direction trench digging Ridge, forms high 40cm, wide 70cm ridge, and the both sides on the ridge are respectively formed wide 20cm, deep 7cm ditch.
(2) interplanting of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek:Strawberry, cordate houttuynia and clover are planted on the ridge, Leek is planted in the ditch, the strawberry is individually planted on same ridge, and cordate houttuynia and the clover mixed planting is same On one ridge, and the ridge of strawberry is planted between plantation cordate houttuynia and the ridge of clover;Wherein, the cordate houttuynia and clover Planting patterns is:Cordate houttuynia and clover are planted April, and clover surrounds the surrounding for being planted in cordate houttuynia, and clover is planted Width is 13cm, and the clover is gathered in after bearing fruit yearly and used as green manure, supplements liquid manure, the cordate houttuynia after harvesting at once Take complete stool after strawberry harvest home, Second Year continues to plant;The planting patterns of the leek is:Leek is planted April, often 3 row leek of plantation in one ditch, and leek line-spacing and spacing in the rows are 5.5cm, the leek, which is grown to during 14cm, to gather in together, harvesting Supplement liquid manure at once afterwards;The strawberry cultivating mode is:Start to plant when clover, cordate houttuynia and leek are in vigorous period The grass planting certain kind of berries, the two Lysimachia sikokiana certain kind of berries are planted on each ridge, and strawberry line-spacing and spacing in the rows are 17cm.
(3) rich water quality management:Irrigated and applied fertilizer according to the rich water demand of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek.
(4) crop rotation of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek:After plantation 2 years, fish is planted on the ridge of the original seed grass planting certain kind of berries Raw meat grass and clover, planted in original seed and plant strawberry on the ridge of cordate houttuynia and clover.
Contrast test:
Experiment is divided into group 1, group 2, group 3, control group, and group 1, group 2, group 3 use embodiment 1, embodiment 2 and embodiment respectively 3 methods plant strawberry, and control group plants strawberry with conventional method, i.e., without interplanting and crop rotation, other conditions and management are consistent, system Yield and pest and disease damage situation are counted, as a result as shown in table 1:
Table 1
As known from Table 1:Implantation methods yield of the present invention is high, and pest and disease damage occurs less, better than traditional cultivation method.
Described above is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this hair Bright patent claim, the equal change completed or modification change under the technical spirit suggested by all present invention, all should belong to Cover the scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. A kind of 1. diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
    (1) ditching, ridging:Crop field is turned over, shines soil, thin, leveling is harrowed after basal dressing, and in south-north direction ditching, ridging, shape Into high 30-50cm, wide 50-80cm ridge, the both sides on the ridge are respectively formed wide 15-25cm, deep 5-10cm ditch;
    (2) interplanting of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek:Strawberry, cordate houttuynia and clover are planted on the ridge, in institute State and leek is planted in ditch, the strawberry is individually planted on same ridge, and cordate houttuynia and the clover mixed planting is on same ridge On, and the ridge of strawberry is planted between plantation cordate houttuynia and the ridge of clover;
    (3) rich water quality management:Irrigated and applied fertilizer according to the rich water demand of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek;
    (4) crop rotation of strawberry, cordate houttuynia, clover and leek:After planting 2-3, fish raw meat is planted on the ridge of the original seed grass planting certain kind of berries Grass and clover, planted in original seed and plant strawberry on the ridge of cordate houttuynia and clover.
  2. A kind of 2. diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cordate houttuynia and clover Planting patterns be:Cordate houttuynia and clover are planted in the 4-5 months, and clover surrounds the surrounding for being planted in cordate houttuynia, and clover Plantation width is 10-15cm.
  3. A kind of 3. diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The planting patterns of the leek For:Leek is planted in the 3-4 months, plantation 3-4 row leek in each ditch, and leek line-spacing and spacing in the rows are 5-6cm.
  4. A kind of 4. diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The strawberry cultivating mode For:Start to plant strawberry when clover, cordate houttuynia and leek are in vigorous period, the two Lysimachia sikokiana certain kind of berries are planted on each ridge, and Strawberry line-spacing and spacing in the rows are 15-20cm.
  5. A kind of 5. diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The leek is grown to 10- It can together be gathered in during 15cm, supplement liquid manure after harvesting at once.
  6. A kind of 6. diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The clover bears fruit yearly Harvesting uses as green manure afterwards, supplements liquid manure after harvesting at once.
  7. A kind of 7. diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cordate houttuynia is received in strawberry Take complete stool after obtaining end, Second Year continues to plant.
CN201711049956.0A 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 A kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of strawberry Pending CN107624555A (en)

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Cited By (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109041883A (en) * 2018-07-31 2018-12-21 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 A kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of mango
CN109156239A (en) * 2018-07-31 2019-01-08 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 A kind of mango implantation methods
CN109168844A (en) * 2018-07-31 2019-01-11 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 A kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of mountainous region mango
CN110199792A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-09-06 丽江建乙农牧业综合开发有限公司 A kind of strawberry cultivation method based on ecological circulation

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109041883A (en) * 2018-07-31 2018-12-21 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 A kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of mango
CN109156239A (en) * 2018-07-31 2019-01-08 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 A kind of mango implantation methods
CN109168844A (en) * 2018-07-31 2019-01-11 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 A kind of diseases prevention implantation methods of mountainous region mango
CN110199792A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-09-06 丽江建乙农牧业综合开发有限公司 A kind of strawberry cultivation method based on ecological circulation

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Application publication date: 20180126