CN105145030A - Potato high-yield cultivation method - Google Patents

Potato high-yield cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105145030A
CN105145030A CN201510391907.XA CN201510391907A CN105145030A CN 105145030 A CN105145030 A CN 105145030A CN 201510391907 A CN201510391907 A CN 201510391907A CN 105145030 A CN105145030 A CN 105145030A
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China
Prior art keywords
potato
soil
seed
potato seed
good
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Pending
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CN201510391907.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈理军
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Guangxi University
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Guangxi University
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Application filed by Guangxi University filed Critical Guangxi University
Priority to CN201510391907.XA priority Critical patent/CN105145030A/en
Publication of CN105145030A publication Critical patent/CN105145030A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a potato high-yield cultivation method, belongs to the crops economy cultivation technical field, and the method comprises the following steps: soil selection, breed selection, potato seed processing, sowing, field management, pest disease control, and harvesting. The potato planted by the method is good in growth state, fast in growing speed, good in pest disease resistance, thus ensuring potato output.

Description

A kind of potato high-yield cultivation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to crops Economical cultivation technical field, particularly a kind of potato high-yield cultivation method.
Background technology
Potato is one of four generalized grain crops of human society now, is only second to paddy rice, corn and wheat.Potato has very high nutritive value and medical value, containing B group's vitamins such as abundant vitamin B1, B2, B6 and pantothenic acid and a large amount of good fiber quality element, also containing nutritive elements such as trace element, amino acid, protein, fat and high-quality starch.The person often eating potato is healthy, is antidotal food.
During tomato planting, soil condition is required not too strict, but for obtaining high yield, promote that root system is well grown, soil layer should be selected deep, draining is good, is rich in organic fertile loam.Soil acidity or alkalinity is advisable with pH6 ~ 7, and the soil of peracid or excessively alkali should be improved.
Along with the development of society, the demand of potato is increasing, and the cultivation method of the potato that current people adopt can not meet the high demand of potato far away.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to: for the deficiency of above-mentioned existence, the invention provides a kind of potato high-yield cultivation method, the output of potato can be improved.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of potato high-yield cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
1), soil is selected: soil plough horizon is deep, physical features is smooth, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and soil structure is suitable for, and physicochemical character is good, 25 ~ 30cm chesson of deep ploughing before the winter, and applies fertilizer;
2), Fruit variety: selection good quality and high output, wide adaptability, the toxicity-removing white potato kind that disease resistance is strong, commodity is good;
3), potato seed process: sow first 15 days and select potato seed and shine 7 days in the sun, and carry out stripping and slicing, then vernalization in wet condition;
4), sowing: put potato seed by seeding row spacing 30 × 40 centimetres, limit row from the specification of ditch 19-21 centimetre, upwards or side direction, mu sowing potato 4500, with the thin lid potato seed of broken mud for potato seed eye;
5), field management: the budding period is not non-irrigated does not water, shallow intertillage 1-2 time, keeps loosing soil to breathe freely, intertill in time after Seedling Stage waters, promote root of hair, tiller, tiller phase cultivation and banking, knot potato later stage soil suddenly must not be done to neglect and wet, and within 7-8 days, should stop watering before results;
6), the extermination of disease and insect pest: artificial weeding is carried out in intertillage, and is spraying insecticide at the beginning of 4 months by the end of March;
7), gather: push straw aside and just can pick potato, and ensure clean, the health, pollution-free of potato.
Further: described step 3) vernalization to nuzzle row vernalization for carrying out layering sand to potato seed.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the potato growth situation of a kind of high yield potato of the present invention cultivation method is good, and fast growth, to the better resistance of damage by disease and insect, ensure that the output of potato.
Embodiment
For concrete example, the present invention will be further described below:
Embodiment 1
A kind of potato high-yield cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
1), soil is selected: soil plough horizon is deep, physical features is smooth, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and soil structure is suitable for, and physicochemical character is good, 25 ~ 30cm chesson of deep ploughing before the winter, and applies fertilizer;
2), Fruit variety: selection good quality and high output, wide adaptability, the toxicity-removing white potato kind that disease resistance is strong, commodity is good;
3), potato seed process: sow first 15 days and select potato seed and shine 7 days in the sun, and carry out stripping and slicing, then vernalization in wet condition;
4), sowing: put potato seed by seeding row spacing 30 × 40 centimetres, limit row from the specification of ditch 19-21 centimetre, upwards or side direction, mu sowing potato 4500, with the thin lid potato seed of broken mud for potato seed eye;
5), field management: the budding period is not non-irrigated does not water, shallow intertillage 1-2 time, keeps loosing soil to breathe freely, intertill in time after Seedling Stage waters, promote root of hair, tiller, tiller phase cultivation and banking, knot potato later stage soil suddenly must not be done to neglect and wet, and within 7-8 days, should stop watering before results;
6), the extermination of disease and insect pest: artificial weeding is carried out in intertillage, and is spraying insecticide at the beginning of 4 months by the end of March;
7), gather: push straw aside and just can pick potato, and ensure clean, the health, pollution-free of potato.
Further: described step 3) vernalization to nuzzle row vernalization for carrying out layering sand to potato seed.
Embodiment 2
A kind of potato high-yield cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
1), soil is selected: soil plough horizon is deep, physical features is smooth, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and soil structure is suitable for, and physicochemical character is good, 25 ~ 30cm chesson of deep ploughing before the winter, and applies fertilizer;
2), Fruit variety: selection good quality and high output, wide adaptability, the toxicity-removing white potato kind that disease resistance is strong, commodity is good;
3), potato seed process: sow first 15 days and select potato seed and shine 7 days in the sun, and carry out stripping and slicing, then vernalization in wet condition;
4), sowing: put potato seed by seeding row spacing 30 × 40 centimetres, limit row from the specification of ditch 19-21 centimetre, upwards or side direction, mu sowing potato 4500, with the thin lid potato seed of broken mud for potato seed eye;
5), field management: the budding period is not non-irrigated does not water, shallow intertillage 1-2 time, keeps loosing soil to breathe freely, intertill in time after Seedling Stage waters, promote root of hair, tiller, tiller phase cultivation and banking, knot potato later stage soil suddenly must not be done to neglect and wet, and within 7-8 days, should stop watering before results;
6), the extermination of disease and insect pest: artificial weeding is carried out in intertillage, and is spraying insecticide at the beginning of 4 months by the end of March;
7), gather: push straw aside and just can pick potato, and ensure clean, the health, pollution-free of potato.
Further: described step 3) vernalization to nuzzle row vernalization for carrying out layering sand to potato seed.
Embodiment 3
A kind of potato high-yield cultivation method, comprises the following steps:
1), soil is selected: soil plough horizon is deep, physical features is smooth, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and soil structure is suitable for, and physicochemical character is good, 25 ~ 30cm chesson of deep ploughing before the winter, and applies fertilizer;
2), Fruit variety: selection good quality and high output, wide adaptability, the toxicity-removing white potato kind that disease resistance is strong, commodity is good;
3), potato seed process: sow first 15 days and select potato seed and shine 7 days in the sun, and carry out stripping and slicing, then vernalization in wet condition;
4), sowing: put potato seed by seeding row spacing 30 × 40 centimetres, limit row from the specification of ditch 19-21 centimetre, upwards or side direction, mu sowing potato 4500, with the thin lid potato seed of broken mud for potato seed eye;
5), field management: the budding period is not non-irrigated does not water, shallow intertillage 1-2 time, keeps loosing soil to breathe freely, intertill in time after Seedling Stage waters, promote root of hair, tiller, tiller phase cultivation and banking, knot potato later stage soil suddenly must not be done to neglect and wet, and within 7-8 days, should stop watering before results;
6), the extermination of disease and insect pest: artificial weeding is carried out in intertillage, and is spraying insecticide at the beginning of 4 months by the end of March;
7), gather: push straw aside and just can pick potato, and ensure clean, the health, pollution-free of potato.
Further: described step 3) vernalization to nuzzle row vernalization for carrying out layering sand to potato seed.
In order to effect of the present invention can better be described, do following experiment statistics:
Objective for implementation: select 4 potato planting gardens to plant.
Experiment process: the 1st plantation adopts conventional implantation methods to carry out potato planting, as a control group, 2nd orchard adopts embodiment 1 implantation methods to carry out potato planting, 3rd orchard adopts embodiment 2 implantation methods to carry out potato planting, and the 4th orchard adopts embodiment 3 implantation methods to carry out potato planting.
Experimental result: as shown in the table:
As can be seen from the above table, the potato per mu yield of embodiment 1-3 cultivation is obviously high than control group.A kind of potato high-yield cultivation method of the present invention is described, there is the effect improving potato yield.

Claims (2)

1. a potato high-yield cultivation method, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
1), soil is selected: soil plough horizon is deep, physical features is smooth, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and soil structure is suitable for, and physicochemical character is good, 25 ~ 30cm chesson of deep ploughing before the winter, and applies fertilizer;
2), Fruit variety: selection good quality and high output, wide adaptability, the toxicity-removing white potato kind that disease resistance is strong, commodity is good;
3), potato seed process: sow first 15 days and select potato seed and shine 7 days in the sun, and carry out stripping and slicing, then vernalization in wet condition;
4), sowing: put potato seed by seeding row spacing 30 × 40 centimetres, limit row from the specification of ditch 19-21 centimetre, upwards or side direction, mu sowing potato 4500, with the thin lid potato seed of broken mud for potato seed eye;
5), field management: the budding period is not non-irrigated does not water, shallow intertillage 1-2 time, keeps loosing soil to breathe freely, intertill in time after Seedling Stage waters, promote root of hair, tiller, tiller phase cultivation and banking, knot potato later stage soil suddenly must not be done to neglect and wet, and within 7-8 days, should stop watering before results;
6), the extermination of disease and insect pest: artificial weeding is carried out in intertillage, and is spraying insecticide at the beginning of 4 months by the end of March;
7), gather: push straw aside and just can pick potato, and ensure clean, the health, pollution-free of potato.
2. a kind of potato high-yield cultivation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described step 3) vernalization to nuzzle row vernalization for carrying out layering sand to potato seed.
CN201510391907.XA 2015-07-07 2015-07-07 Potato high-yield cultivation method Pending CN105145030A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510391907.XA CN105145030A (en) 2015-07-07 2015-07-07 Potato high-yield cultivation method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510391907.XA CN105145030A (en) 2015-07-07 2015-07-07 Potato high-yield cultivation method

Publications (1)

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CN105145030A true CN105145030A (en) 2015-12-16

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155597A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-15 合肥市风达农业有限责任公司 A kind of high yield, the cultural method of disease-resistant potato
CN107231935A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-10-10 合肥仙之峰农业科技有限公司 A kind of high yield, disease-resistant potato culture method

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
佚名: "马铃薯免耕稻草覆盖栽培技术要点", 《农技服务》 *
周从福等: "贵州低海拔地区早熟马铃薯丰产栽培技术", 《农技服务》 *
杨兴明: "脱毒紫马铃薯大棚高产技术", 《农业技术与装备》 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155597A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-15 合肥市风达农业有限责任公司 A kind of high yield, the cultural method of disease-resistant potato
CN107231935A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-10-10 合肥仙之峰农业科技有限公司 A kind of high yield, disease-resistant potato culture method

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