CN104737762B - A kind of high yield interplanting method for medicinal material - Google Patents

A kind of high yield interplanting method for medicinal material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104737762B
CN104737762B CN201510164114.4A CN201510164114A CN104737762B CN 104737762 B CN104737762 B CN 104737762B CN 201510164114 A CN201510164114 A CN 201510164114A CN 104737762 B CN104737762 B CN 104737762B
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planting site
ditch
cordate houttuynia
common vetch
soil
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CN104737762A (en
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孙玉荣
王彩臻
张梅
王寿南
胡刘满
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Anhui same Industrial Design Co., Ltd.
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Anhui Same Industrial Design Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of high yield interplanting methods for medicinal material, including using transformation of the improvement soil rich in Organic Selenium to hillside forest land, the plant of China fir, common vetch dish, cordate houttuynia is pierced, pierces fertilising, irrigation, the cultivation of pruning the selenium-rich clay fertilizer with cordate houttuynia, the training seedling of common vetch dish and cordate houttuynia, common vetch dish of China fir.Above-mentioned technical proposal can significantly improve the yield and quality of common vetch dish, and common vetch dish can be picked every year after the 3rd year, in addition can harvest substantial amounts of cordate houttuynia every year, significantly improve the benefit of agricultural planting.

Description

A kind of high yield interplanting method for medicinal material
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural productions, and in particular to a kind of high yield interplanting method for medicinal material.
Background technology
Common vetch dish, scientific name purple dustpan, belongs to perennial pteridophyte, has extensive presence in Dabie Mountain mountain area.Containing rich in common vetch dish Various trace elements, the common vetch dishes such as rich protein, vitamin and potassium, calcium, squama not only can be made into delicious dish, with more anti- Cancer, heat-clearing, removing toxic substances, weight-reducing, beauty and other effects, while there is apparent inhibitory action to the virus such as influenza, encephalitis B, it is long Phase outlet, be in great demand overseas vegetables, is particularly exported to Japan.
At present, common vetch dish is field acquisition mostly, although also there is place experiment artificial growth, its low output, acquisition Common vetch dish stem is thin, poor quality, and common vetch dish will withered or no longer bract bud after picking one, two year.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of high yield interplanting methods for medicinal material, can effectively solve the above problems, The yield of common vetch dish is high, and common vetch dish is sturdy, and quality is good, can pick for a long time, will not the underproduction.
To achieve the above object, present invention employs following technical schemes:
A kind of high yield interplanting method for medicinal material, the method for referring to pierce China fir, common vetch dish, cordate houttuynia in hillside interplanting in woodland, Specifically include following operating procedure:
S1:By hillside forest land site preparation into staged, each planting site after site preparation opens up respectively along the contour on hillside, adjacent It is built a dam the ridge using stone heap on the outside of slope surface between planting site, each planting site middle part offers ditch, length of the ditch along planting site Degree direction opens up and is arranged at intervals compartment in ditch along its length, and ditch is separated into each sink by compartment, and the two of each sink It holds and first and second flowing water mouth is set respectively on compartment, the 3rd flowing water mouth is opened up on the cell wall on the outside of sink, the 3rd flows on same sink The height at the mouth of a river and the height of the smaller flowing water mouth of height in first and second flowing water mouth are consistent, the 3rd stream on adjacent ditch The mouth of a river arranges that the top ditch in hillside forest land is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided in interleaved shape The sparge pipe of horizontal shape arrangement is arranged at intervals with nozzle, the oblique side for being directed toward Ba Geng in water outlet direction of nozzle on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe Planting site is divided into the first planting site on the inside of ditch and the second planting site on the outside of ditch by wall, ditch, and first Planting site using improvement soil fill out it is whole form, improvement soil for dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich batch mixing and fire loam according to 1:1: 0.4:0.2~1.2:1:0.8:0.4 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains, and dry land soil after 3~June of rice terrace draining dry field by taking Paddy soils, do not sow crop during dry field and dig 2~3 times, the fire ash that fiery loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till with Forest land soil is according to 1:2~3 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains;Selenium-rich batch mixing is 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg manure of livestock and poultry Fertilizer, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 5~10g sodium selenites are obtained through compost maturity;
S2:Spring plants 4~5 years raw thorn Chinese fir seedlings of interval plant on the ground at second kind then, and thorn Chinese fir seedling will after surviving The trunk of thorn Chinese fir seedling is clipped and carries out preservative treatment to truncated position, pierces tufted at the butt of China fir and grows thorn China fir seedling, 3~April Part, it is planted at first kind and opens up the planting furrow of 4~6cm depth on the ground, the rhizome of cordate houttuynia is subjected to drilling, ridging and with careless after drilling Wood ash is covered, and is poured water in ditch, and the water surface elevation in ditch less than the first planting site ground level 12~ 17cm, sowing spray the dilute rich water of level-one, contain 5% urea in the dilute rich water of level-one and 2% nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, level-one are dilute after 15 days Rich water spray twice, between be spaced 5~8d, September end carries out the cordate houttuynia on ground with reaping hook to cut receipts, cuts artificial breeding after receiving Grow/wild common vetch dish seedling plants at first kind and transplanted on the ground close to interval at Ba Geng bottoms, stop irrigating after the Frost's Descent and the One layer of leaf of earth's surface bedding of one planting site;
S3:Second year starts to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), before cordate houttuynia budding, applies decomposed manure and urine to the first planting site Element, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mus, and the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mus, and night opens daily after common vetch dish bract bud Nozzle carries out the spray painting of 3~5min, and bract bud First Year is not picked common vetch dish, and thorn Chinese fir is trimmed, retains a master Branch, remaining thorn China fir seedling, which carries out plucking top, makes its height between 1.4~1.6m, and cordate houttuynia is carried out at the beginning of 10 months to pull out receipts, cordate houttuynia Part rhizome remain in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is tapped so that the soil of extraction drops back into To the first planting site, Chinese milk vetch is broadcasted sowing on first and second planting site after pulling out receipts, receipts and tree are cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation Leaf together bedding the first planting site earth's surface, after the Frost's Descent stop irrigate, since second year, before Chinese milk vetch and leaf bedding It plants for first kind and spreads fertilizer over the fields selenium-rich clay fertilizer on the ground, the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields of selenium-rich clay fertilizer spreads fertilizer over the fields 120~150kg, selenium-rich for the first planting site per acre Clay fertilizer obtains for 6kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenites through compost maturity;
S4:Since the 3rd year, repeat to operate as follows every year:Start to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), before cordate houttuynia budding, to the first It plants ground and applies decomposed manure and urea, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mus, and the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mus, Daily night opens the spray painting that nozzle carries out 3~5min after common vetch dish bract bud, 4~May common vetch dish is picked 3~4 times, to piercing Chinese fir Dwarf branch item trimmed, make its height be no more than 1.5m, cordate houttuynia is carried out at the beginning of 10 months to pull out receipts, the part rhizome of cordate houttuynia is still It is retained in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is tapped so that the soil of extraction is dropped back into the first planting site It is interior, Chinese milk vetch is broadcasted sowing on first and second planting site after pulling out receipts, receipts and leaf are cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation, and bedding exists together The earth's surface of first planting site stopped irrigating after the Frost's Descent;
Poultry muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are pulverized and mixed by 1 mass ratio matches somebody with somebody Fermentation substrate is made, according to 1:Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate mixing are added water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C by 5 mass ratio, The product of fermentation and feed are carried out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
The plantation of common vetch dish, most important is exactly the control of liquid manure, and the happiness of common vetch dish happiness water is cloudy, but also flood afraid of water, and to life Long soil is extremely harsh.The irrigation system that the present invention is made up of the transformation in above-mentioned hillside forest land, ditch, enables to current equal The entire hillside forest land of even irrigation, at the same the water level control in ditch less than first planting site 12~17cm of earth's surface, ensure common vetch The happiness water of dish irrigates and is not in waterlogging, and common vetch dish is planted close to Ba Geng bottoms, to be got well more than level land planting effect, common vetch Dish is influenced by Ba Geng so that new cauline leaf is grown to away from Ba Geng one sides so that the plant hormone in it stimulates root to sprout More gemma are sent, improve yield, while the setting of Ba Geng, the first can be caused to plant current above ground and do not planted from first kind The earth's surface on ground is trickled and is penetrated into from its underpart in ditch, prevents common vetch dish waterlogging, in addition, the Ba Geng that stone heap is built, it can be in forest land The initial stage of transformation plays fixation, and landslide causes hillside forest land to be ruined when preventing rainy season;Nozzle sprays in short-term at night, simulation Rainwater day so that rainwater sparse spray in part promotes the growth of common vetch dish bud so that common vetch dish bud is more sturdy on common vetch dish bud;Together The improvement soil that Shi Shangshu is prepared matches so that common vetch dish is more in the optimal demand that acidity and fertilizer are supported more with the growth of common vetch dish Sturdy, in addition Chinese milk vetch can vegetate in the soil property of the first planting site, and the Chinese milk vetch of harvesting, leaf are covered, and are made Obtaining common vetch dish can be preferably overwintering, ensures common vetch dish coming year germination spore, Chinese milk vetch, the rotten of leaf can be good at supplementing the first It plants the fertility on ground and adjusts acidity so that common vetch dish can be picked every year.Pierce Chinese fir breeding cost it is low, survival rate is high, Growth is fast, after cutting down its major branch, can go out substantial amounts of new talent in butt director, quickly can form shading in the periphery of common vetch dish Fence ensures demand of the common vetch dish to growing environment, while shortens the cycle of entire forest land transformation.Certainly, it is above-mentioned simply simply to explain The main function that each factor is individually played the role of is stated, passes through the mutually coordinated of each factor so that common vetch dish can be carried out all every year The picking of high yield, and the common vetch dish picked is sturdy, quality is good.
And common vetch colza plant is carried out using above-mentioned improvement soil and selenium-rich clay fertilizer, Organic Selenium can effectively be absorbed by common vetch dish, The Se content in common vetch dish can be effectively improved, Se content about improves 3~4 times in the dry common vetch dish of harvest, and compost maturity is exactly that agricultural is raw The means of common green manure compost maturity in production.
Cordate houttuynia falls within hygrophilous Chinese medicine, is interplanted with common vetch dish, can improve the yield of common vetch dish, increase simultaneously Add the economic benefit of entire agricultural planting, the normal life poured fertilizer and mainly ensure cordate houttuynia sprout of the dilute rich water of level-one of low concentration It is long, it prevents that fertility is excessive, sprout is caused to be rotted, cordate houttuynia plantation is unsuccessful, meanwhile, the follow-up annual rational application of fertilizer and the first year It is also the emphasis for ensureing cordate houttuynia high yield not uproot.
Detailed scheme is:
The height of Ba Geng is 60~80cm, and improvement soil fills out whole thickness as 30~35cm, and improvement soil is filled out under flood Side is provided with sandy soils, and Ba Geng bottoms are extended in sandy soils.Plantation tea tree, tea tree on the ground are planted after second year at second kind to be located at Pierce Chinese fir inside and with thorn Chinese fir it is interval-staggered.After second year, pierce Chinese fir trunk is larger and also butt at Dwarf branch item is also in great numbers, just as forming a hedge column in the outside in ditch, plants larger tea seedling, tea tree happiness on the inside of it at this time The moon can be good at growing, can if plantation tea tree by relatively larger than the first planting site of the ground level of the second planting site setting Table height, more crop interplantings, improves entire economic benefit.Moreover, thorn Chinese fir, common vetch dish are all the crops that insect pest will not occur, lead to Interplanting is crossed, the phenomenon that pest and disease damage easily occurs for large stretch of Tea planting can be eliminated, improves the economic benefit of entire agricultural.
Above-mentioned technical proposal can significantly improve the yield and quality of common vetch dish, and after the 3rd year every year can to common vetch dish into Row picking.
Description of the drawings
The structure diagram in ditch is opened up in Fig. 1 slope surfaces;
Fig. 2 is the sectional schematic diagram of slope surface.
Specific embodiment
In order to which objects and advantages of the present invention are more clearly understood, the present invention is carried out specifically with reference to embodiments It is bright.It should be appreciated that following word is only used to one or more of specific embodiments of the description present invention, not to the present invention The protection domain specifically asked carries out considered critical.
Following Examples 1 to 2 are in my company (ten thousand grass of Anqing, thousand wooden agricultural science and technology Co., Ltd) and Wuhu perseverance promise energy Technology Co., Ltd., the cool breeze farm (Yuexi County lotus flower village cool breeze group) of Yuexi County Hong Sheng agricultural science and technologys Co., Ltd joint development Middle progress, gemma refer to send tender white gemma on the common vetch dish root and stem of certain plants, and gemma is picked after growing up to common vetch dish, loose stool water behaviour retention of urine Liquid and 2 times of water mixed preparings obtain, and urea water is prepared to obtain for 100~200g urea and 1L water, unknown in following embodiments 1,2 The specific amount of application of fertilizer really illustrated, those skilled in the art can in right amount be made according to the effect of fertilizer and use age With ensureing the reliable plant of crops, in addition, in entire planting process, be required for carrying out weeding every year, loosen the soil, the behaviour such as desinsection Make.In the present invention unless otherwise instructed, the percentage of component is mass concentration.
For improvement soil used to be made in embodiment 3~6, selenium-rich clay fertilizer is to be made in embodiment 7~9 in embodiment 1,2 , the improvement in hillside forest land is specifically as shown in Figure 1, 2.
Embodiment 1
Fire line is held successfully in selected hillside forest land and carries out refining mountain, selects fine day handle ground is burned to grill thoroughly, by tree root, the careless root and stem of certain plants behind burning ground It roots out, by hillside forest land site preparation into staged, each planting site 11 after site preparation opens up respectively along the contour on hillside, adjacent plantation It is built a dam the ridge 12 using stone heap on the outside of slope surface between ground 11, offers ditch 13 in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along plantation The length direction on ground 11 opens up and is arranged at intervals compartment 131 in ditch 13 along its length, and ditch 13 is separated by compartment 131 Each sink, sets first and second flowing water mouth 132 on the both ends compartment 131 of each sink respectively, and the 3rd is opened up on the cell wall on the outside of sink Flowing water mouth 133, the height of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 and the smaller flowing water mouth of height in first and second flowing water mouth 132 on same sink Highly it is consistent that (height at such as first-class mouth of a river is less than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the height of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 and the The height at the first-class mouth of a river is consistent), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, the on adjacent ditch 13 Three flowing water mouths 133 arrange that the top ditch 13 in hillside forest land is connected with water supply installation, the top on the dam ridge 12 in interleaved shape Outside is provided with the sparge pipe 14 of horizontal shape arrangement, is arranged at intervals with nozzle on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe 14, the water outlet direction of nozzle is oblique To the side wall for being directed toward the dam ridge 12, planting site 11 is divided into the first planting site 111 on the inside of ditch 13 and is located at by ditch 13 Second planting site 112 in 13 outside of ditch, the first planting site 111 fill out whole form using improvement soil;The height on the dam ridge 12 is 60 ~80cm, improvement soil fill out whole thickness as 30~35cm, and improvement soil, which is filled out on the downside of flood, is provided with sandy soils 15, the dam ridge 12 Bottom is extended in sandy soils 15, and the width of the first planting site 111 is 30~40cm, the width of the second planting site 112 for 1~ 1.2m;
Spring is spaced 4~5 years raw thorn Chinese fir seedlings of plant on the second planting site 112 then, and spacing in the rows 1.5m pierces Chinese fir seedling The trunk for piercing Chinese fir seedling is clipped after surviving and preservative treatment is carried out to truncated position, tufted at the butt of China fir is pierced and grows thorn China fir children Seedling in 3~April, the planting furrow for opening up 4~6cm depths on the ground is planted at first kind, the rhizome of cordate houttuynia is carried out drilling, after drilling It earths up and is covered with plant ash, and pour water in ditch, and the water surface elevation in ditch is less than the earth's surface of the first planting site Highly 12~17cm, sowing spray the dilute rich water of level-one, contain 5% urea in the dilute rich water of level-one and 2% N P and K is compound after 15 days Fertilizer, the sprinkling of level-one dilute rich water twice, between be spaced 5~8d, September end carries out the cordate houttuynia on ground with reaping hook to cut receipts, cuts receipts Artificial propagation/wild common vetch dish seedling is planted at first kind and transplanted on the ground close to interval at Ba Geng bottoms afterwards, plants the width of plant hole It spends for 20~25 centimetres, size is 20 × 20cm, is transplanted by spacing in the rows 15cm, and during transplanting, common vetch dish seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, does not hinder Root system pours root water, and pours water in ditch 13 after cultivation, and the water surface elevation in ditch 13 is less than the ground of the first planting site 111 Table 12~17cm of height stopped irrigating and in one layer of leaf of earth's surface bedding of the first planting site 111 after the Frost's Descent, and optional miscellaneous tree is floatd The leaf and pine needle fallen carries out bedding;
Second year starts to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), before cordate houttuynia budding, applies decomposed manure and urea to the first planting site, rotten The applied amount of ripe organic fertilizer is 250kg/ mu, and the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud daily night opening nozzle into The spray painting of 3~5min of row, bract bud First Year are not picked common vetch dish, and thorn Chinese fir is trimmed, retains a major branch, remaining Thorn China fir seedling, which carries out plucking top, makes its height between 1.4~1.6m, and cordate houttuynia is carried out at the beginning of 10 months to pull out receipts, the part root of cordate houttuynia Stem is remained in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is tapped so that the soil of extraction is dropped back into the first It plants in ground, Chinese milk vetch is broadcasted sowing on first and second planting site after pulling out receipts, receipts are cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation and leaf is spread together The earth's surface in the first planting site is covered, stops irrigating after the Frost's Descent;Since second year, in first kind of plant before Chinese milk vetch and leaf bedding Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is spread fertilizer over the fields on the ground, and the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields of selenium-rich clay fertilizer spreads fertilizer over the fields 120~150kg for the first planting site per acre.
Since the 3rd year, repeat to operate as follows every year:Start to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), before cordate houttuynia budding, be planted to first kind Ground applies decomposed manure and urea, and the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mus, and the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mus, common vetch Daily night opens the spray painting that nozzle carries out 3~5min after dish bract bud, 4~May common vetch dish is picked 3~4 times, to thorn Chinese fir Dwarf branch item is trimmed, its height is made to be no more than 1.5m, cordate houttuynia is carried out at the beginning of 10 months to pull out receipts, the part rhizome of cordate houttuynia is still protected It staying in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is tapped so that the soil of extraction is dropped back into the first planting site, Chinese milk vetch is broadcasted sowing on first and second planting site after pulling out receipts, cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation receipts and leaf together bedding the The earth's surface of one planting site stopped irrigating after the Frost's Descent.
Embodiment 2
Fire line is held successfully in selected hillside forest land and carries out refining mountain, selects fine day handle ground is burned to grill thoroughly, by tree root, the careless root and stem of certain plants behind burning ground It roots out, by hillside forest land site preparation into staged, each planting site 11 after site preparation opens up respectively along the contour on hillside, adjacent plantation It is built a dam the ridge 12 using stone heap on the outside of slope surface between ground 11, offers ditch 13 in the middle part of each planting site 11, ditch 13 is along plantation The length direction on ground 11 opens up and is arranged at intervals compartment 131 in ditch 13 along its length, and ditch 13 is separated by compartment 131 Each sink, sets first and second flowing water mouth 132 on the both ends compartment 131 of each sink respectively, and the 3rd is opened up on the cell wall on the outside of sink Flowing water mouth 133, the height of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 and the smaller flowing water mouth of height in first and second flowing water mouth 132 on same sink Highly it is consistent that (height at such as first-class mouth of a river is less than the height at the second mouth of a river, then the height of the 3rd flowing water mouth 133 and the The height at the first-class mouth of a river is consistent), the compartment 131 on adjacent ditch 13 is arranged in interleaved shape, the on adjacent ditch 13 Three flowing water mouths 133 arrange that the top ditch 13 in hillside forest land is connected with water supply installation, the top on the dam ridge 12 in interleaved shape Outside is provided with the sparge pipe 14 of horizontal shape arrangement, is arranged at intervals with nozzle on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe 14, the water outlet direction of nozzle is oblique To the side wall for being directed toward the dam ridge 12, planting site 11 is divided into the first planting site 111 on the inside of ditch 13 and is located at by ditch 13 Second planting site 112 in 13 outside of ditch, the first planting site 111 fill out whole form using improvement soil;The height on the dam ridge 12 is 60 ~80cm, improvement soil fill out whole thickness as 30~35cm, and improvement soil, which is filled out, is provided with sandy soils on the downside of flood, 12 bottom of the dam ridge Portion is extended in sandy soils, and the width of the first planting site 111 is 30~40cm, and the width of the second planting site 112 is 1~1.2m;
Spring is spaced 4~5 years raw thorn Chinese fir seedlings of plant on the second planting site 112 then, and spacing in the rows 1.5m pierces Chinese fir seedling The trunk for piercing Chinese fir seedling is clipped after surviving and preservative treatment is carried out to truncated position, tufted at the butt of China fir is pierced and grows thorn China fir children Seedling in 3~April, the planting furrow for opening up 4~6cm depths on the ground is planted at first kind, the rhizome of cordate houttuynia is carried out drilling, after drilling It earths up and is covered with plant ash, and pour water in ditch, and the water surface elevation in ditch is less than the earth's surface of the first planting site Highly 12~17cm, sowing spray the dilute rich water of level-one, contain 5% urea in the dilute rich water of level-one and 2% N P and K is compound after 15 days Fertilizer, the sprinkling of level-one dilute rich water twice, between be spaced 5~8d, September end carries out the cordate houttuynia on ground with reaping hook to cut receipts, cuts receipts Artificial propagation/wild common vetch dish seedling is planted at first kind and transplanted on the ground close to interval at Ba Geng bottoms afterwards, plants the width of plant hole It spends for 20~25 centimetres, size is 20 × 20cm, is transplanted by spacing in the rows 15cm, and during transplanting, common vetch dish seedling 11a answers transplantation with soil, does not hinder Root system pours root water, and pours water in ditch 13 after cultivation, and the water surface elevation in ditch 13 is less than the ground of the first planting site 111 Table 12~17cm of height stopped irrigating and in one layer of leaf of earth's surface bedding of the first planting site 111 after the Frost's Descent, and optional miscellaneous tree is floatd The leaf and pine needle fallen carries out bedding;
Second year starts to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), before cordate houttuynia budding, applies decomposed manure and urea to the first planting site, rotten The applied amount of ripe organic fertilizer is 250kg/ mu, and the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud daily night opening nozzle into The spray painting of 3~5min of row, bract bud First Year are not picked common vetch dish, and thorn Chinese fir is trimmed, retains a major branch, remaining Thorn China fir seedling, which carries out plucking top, makes its height between 1.4~1.6m, and cordate houttuynia is carried out at the beginning of 10 months to pull out receipts, the part root of cordate houttuynia Stem is remained in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is tapped so that the soil of extraction is dropped back into the first It plants in ground, Chinese milk vetch is broadcasted sowing on first and second planting site after pulling out receipts, receipts are cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation and leaf is spread together The earth's surface in the first planting site is covered, stops irrigating after the Frost's Descent;
Since the 3rd year, repeat to operate as follows every year:Start to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), before cordate houttuynia budding, be planted to first kind Ground applies decomposed manure and urea, and the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mus, and the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mus, common vetch Daily night opens the spray painting that nozzle carries out 3~5min after dish bract bud, 4~May common vetch dish is picked 3~4 times, to thorn Chinese fir Dwarf branch item is trimmed, its height is made to be no more than 1.5m, cordate houttuynia is carried out at the beginning of 10 months to pull out receipts, the part rhizome of cordate houttuynia is still protected It staying in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is tapped so that the soil of extraction is dropped back into the first planting site, Chinese milk vetch is broadcasted sowing on first and second planting site after pulling out receipts, cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation receipts and leaf together bedding the The earth's surface of one planting site stopped irrigating after the Frost's Descent.
In above-described embodiment 1,2, the plantation amount of common vetch dish is 2000~2500 plants per acre, produces 362 kilograms of fresh common vetch dishes per year per acre, The length of fresh common vetch dish is picked as 15~20cm, the root diameter (RD) of fresh common vetch dish root is 0.8~1.2cm, the fibrosis journey of fresh common vetch dish Spend low, Se content in common vetch dish is high, and Se content is about 3~4 times of common common vetch dish in dry common vetch dish obtained.
Traditional level land plantation, the plantation amount of mu common vetch dish is 4500~6000 plants, produces 300 kilograms of fresh common vetch dishes, picking per year per acre The length of fresh common vetch dish is 15~20cm, and the root diameter (RD) of fresh common vetch dish root is 0.3~0.6cm, the fibrosis journey on fresh common vetch dish surface Degree is high.
Meanwhile in above-described embodiment 1,2, since the 3rd year, 1.8~2.0 very heavy cordate houttuynias can be harvested per acre every year, Compared with traditional agricultural planting, increase economic efficiency 4~5 times or more.
Embodiment 3
By dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich batch mixing and fiery loam according to 1:1:0.4:0.2 weight ratio mixed preparing is changed Good soil, dry land soil is not sowed crop during dry field and is digged 2 times for the paddy soils that is taken after rice terrace draining dry field June, fiery The fire ash that loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till is with forest land native (hillside forest land native country) according to 1:2 weight ratio mixed preparing It obtains;Selenium-rich batch mixing is rotten through compost for 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 5g sodium selenites Ripe to obtain, poultry muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are crushed mixed preparing by 1 mass ratio Into fermentation substrate, according to 1:Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate mixing are added water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C by 5 mass ratio, will The product and feed of fermentation carry out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 4
By dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich batch mixing and fiery loam according to 1.2:1:0.8:0.4 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains Improve soil, dry land soil is not sowed crop during dry field and is digged 3 times by the paddy soils that is taken after rice terrace draining dry field March, The fire ash that fiery loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till is with forest land soil according to 1:3 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains;Selenium-rich is mixed Expect to obtain through compost maturity for 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 10g sodium selenites, poultry Muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are crushed and are hybridly prepared into fermentation substrate by 1 mass ratio, According to 1:Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate mixing are added water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C by 5 mass ratio, by the product of fermentation and Feed carries out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 5
By dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich batch mixing and fiery loam according to 1:1:0.8:0.4 weight ratio mixed preparing is changed Good soil, dry land soil is not sowed crop during dry field and is digged 3 times for the paddy soils that is taken after rice terrace draining dry field April, fiery The fire ash that loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till is with forest land soil according to 1:2.5 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains;Selenium-rich is mixed Expect to obtain through compost maturity for 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 8g sodium selenites, poultry Muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are crushed and are hybridly prepared into fermentation substrate by 1 mass ratio, According to 1:Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate mixing are added water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C by 5 mass ratio, by the product of fermentation and Feed carries out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 6
By dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich batch mixing and fiery loam according to 1.2:1:0.4:0.4 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains Improve soil, dry land soil is not sowed crop during dry field and is digged 2 times by the paddy soils that is taken after rice terrace draining dry field April, The fire ash that fiery loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till is with forest land soil according to 1:2.5 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains;Selenium-rich Batch mixing obtains for 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 8g sodium selenites through compost maturity, fowl Animal manure fertilizer obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are crushed and are hybridly prepared into fermentation bottom by 1 mass ratio Object, according to 1:Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate mixing are added water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, by the production of fermentation by 5 mass ratio Object and feed carry out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
The improvement soil produced in above-described embodiment 3~6, acid-base value and fertility are all particularly suitable for the production of common vetch dish, because This, the common vetch dish shoot survival percent of transplanting is high, and fertilizer efficiency persistently improves the yield of common vetch dish, and wherein Organic Selenium can effectively be inhaled by common vetch dish It receives, improves the organic selenium content in finished product common vetch dish.
Embodiment 7
Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 6kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenites pass through Compost maturity obtains;Poultry muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:1 mass ratio crushes sorghum, wheat, soybean mixed Conjunction is configured to fermentation substrate, according to 1:Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate mixing are added water fermentation process 70 at 28 DEG C by 5 mass ratio My god, the product of fermentation and feed are carried out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 8
Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 8kg green manure, 1.0kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenites pass through Compost maturity obtains;Poultry muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:1 mass ratio crushes sorghum, wheat, soybean mixed Conjunction is configured to fermentation substrate, according to 1:Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate mixing are added water fermentation process 70 at 28 DEG C by 5 mass ratio My god, the product of fermentation and feed are carried out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
Embodiment 9
Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 6kg green manure, 1.2kg lime, 6.0kg poultry mucks, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenites pass through Compost maturity obtains;Poultry muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:1 mass ratio crushes sorghum, wheat, soybean mixed Conjunction is configured to fermentation substrate, according to 1:Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate mixing are added water fermentation process 70 at 28 DEG C by 5 mass ratio My god, the product of fermentation and feed are carried out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
It is larger to the loss of soil after common vetch dish grows harvesting every year, thus it is annual need to carry out soil fertility supplement and Acid-base value is adjusted, and the selenium-rich clay fertilizer produced in above-described embodiment 7~9, acid-base value is higher than the normal growth conditions of common vetch dish, It uses, effectively the acid-base value of soil can be adjusted before bedding herbage and leaf, while supplement fertility and Organic Selenium, ensure The annual high yield output of selenium-rich common vetch dish.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, after content described in the present invention is known, without departing from the principle of the present invention, it can also be made several Equal conversion and replacement, these, which convert and substitute on an equal basis, also should be regarded as belonging to the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of high yield interplanting method for medicinal material, the method for referring to pierce China fir, common vetch dish, cordate houttuynia in hillside interplanting in woodland, It is characterized in that, including following operating procedure:
S1:By hillside forest land site preparation into staged, each planting site after site preparation opens up respectively along the contour on hillside, adjacent plantation It is built a dam the ridge using stone heap on the outside of slope surface between ground, each planting site middle part offers ditch, length side of the ditch along planting site To opening up and be arranged at intervals compartment in ditch along its length, ditch is separated into each sink by compartment, the both ends of each sink every First and second flowing water mouth in section is set respectively, opens up the 3rd flowing water mouth on the cell wall on the outside of sink, the 3rd flowing water mouth on same sink Height and the height of the smaller flowing water mouth of height is consistent in first and second flowing water mouth, the 3rd flowing water mouth on adjacent ditch It is arranged in interleaved shape, the top ditch in hillside forest land is connected with water supply installation, and the upper outside of Ba Geng is provided with horizontal shape The sparge pipe of arrangement is arranged at intervals with nozzle, the oblique side wall for being directed toward Ba Geng in water outlet direction of nozzle, water on the pipe shaft of sparge pipe Planting site is divided into the first planting site on the inside of ditch and the second planting site on the outside of ditch, the first planting site by ditch Using improvement soil fill out it is whole form, improvement soil for dry land soil, peat soil, selenium-rich batch mixing and fire loam according to 1:1:0.4:0.2 ~1.2:1:0.8:0.4 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains, and dry land soil is by the rice field that is taken after 3~June of rice terrace draining dry field Soil does not sow crop during dry field and digs 2~3 times, the fire ash and forest land soil that fiery loam is stalk, tree branches and leaves, weeds burn till According to 1:2~3 weight ratio mixed preparing obtains;Selenium-rich batch mixing for 4kg green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 0.5kg cake fertilizer and 5~10g sodium selenites are obtained through compost maturity;
S2:Spring plants 4~5 years raw thorn Chinese fir seedlings of interval plant on the ground at second kind then, and thorn Chinese fir seedling will pierce China fir after surviving The trunk of sapling clip and to truncated position carry out preservative treatment, pierce tufted at the butt of China fir grow thorn China fir seedling, 3~April, It plants for first kind and opens up the planting furrow of 4~6cm depth on the ground, by the rhizome progress drilling of cordate houttuynia, earth up after drilling and use plant ash It is covered, and is poured water in ditch, and the water surface elevation in ditch is less than 12~17cm of ground level of the first planting site, broadcasts Kind sprays the dilute rich water of level-one after 15 days, contain 5% urea and 2% nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, the dilute rich water spray of level-one in the dilute rich water of level-one Spill twice, between be spaced 5~8d, September end carries out the cordate houttuynia on ground with reaping hook to cut receipts, cuts artificial propagation/open country after receiving Raw common vetch dish seedling is planted at first kind is transplanted on the ground close to interval at Ba Geng bottoms, stops irrigating after the Frost's Descent and in first kind of plant One layer of leaf of earth's surface bedding on ground;
S3:Second year starts to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), before cordate houttuynia budding, applies decomposed manure and urea to the first planting site, rotten The applied amount of ripe organic fertilizer is 250kg/ mu, and the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mu, after common vetch dish bract bud daily night opening nozzle into The spray painting of 3~5min of row, bract bud First Year are not picked common vetch dish, and thorn Chinese fir is trimmed, retains a major branch, remaining Thorn China fir seedling, which carries out plucking top, makes its height between 1.4~1.6m, and cordate houttuynia is carried out at the beginning of 10 months to pull out receipts, the part root of cordate houttuynia Stem is remained in the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is tapped so that the soil of extraction is dropped back into the first It plants in ground, Chinese milk vetch is broadcasted sowing on first and second planting site after pulling out receipts, receipts are cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation and leaf is spread together The earth's surface in the first planting site is covered, stops irrigating after the Frost's Descent, since second year, in first kind of plant before Chinese milk vetch and leaf bedding Selenium-rich clay fertilizer is spread fertilizer over the fields on the ground, and the amount of spreading fertilizer over the fields of selenium-rich clay fertilizer spreads fertilizer over the fields 120~150kg for the first planting site per acre, and selenium-rich clay fertilizer is 6kg Green manure, 0.8kg lime, 4.0kg poultry mucks, 3.5kg cake fertilizer and 3~5g sodium selenites are obtained through compost maturity;
S4:Since the 3rd year, repeat to operate as follows every year:Start to irrigate after the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term), before cordate houttuynia budding, to the first planting site Apply decomposed manure and urea, the applied amount of decomposed manure is 250kg/ mus, and the applied amount of urea is 10kg/ mus, common vetch dish Daily night opens the spray painting that nozzle carries out 3~5min after bract bud, 4~May common vetch dish is picked 3~4 times, to the short of thorn Chinese fir Branch is trimmed, its height is made to be no more than 1.5m, cordate houttuynia is carried out at the beginning of 10 months to pull out receipts, the part rhizome of cordate houttuynia still retains In the first planting site, the cordate houttuynia root pulled up is tapped so that the soil of extraction is dropped back into the first planting site, is pulled out Chinese milk vetch is broadcasted sowing after receipts on first and second planting site, cut after Chinese milk vetch maturation receipts and leaf together bedding first The earth's surface of planting site stopped irrigating after the Frost's Descent;
Poultry muck obtains with the following method:According to 6:3:Sorghum, wheat, soybean are crushed and are hybridly prepared by 1 mass ratio Fermentation substrate, according to 1:Yeast selenium and fermentation substrate mixing are added water fermentation process 70 days at 28 DEG C, will sent out by 5 mass ratio The product and feed of ferment carry out being mixed for raising livestock and poultry, and the feces of livestock and poultry of collection is poultry muck.
2. the high yield interplanting method according to claim 1 for medicinal material, it is characterised in that:The height of Ba Geng for 60~ 80cm, improvement soil fill out whole thickness as 30~35cm, and improvement soil, which is filled out, is provided with sandy soils on the downside of flood, Ba Geng prolongs bottom It extends in sandy soils.
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