CN104396536A - Method for interplanting potato in sugarcane field - Google Patents

Method for interplanting potato in sugarcane field Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104396536A
CN104396536A CN201410734597.2A CN201410734597A CN104396536A CN 104396536 A CN104396536 A CN 104396536A CN 201410734597 A CN201410734597 A CN 201410734597A CN 104396536 A CN104396536 A CN 104396536A
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China
Prior art keywords
potato
sugarcane
spacing
cane
sowing
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CN201410734597.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗宇
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罗宇
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Priority to CN201410734597.2A priority Critical patent/CN104396536A/en
Publication of CN104396536A publication Critical patent/CN104396536A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for interplanting potato in a sugarcane field. According to the method, interplanting is realized by virtue of land selection, plant variety choice, planting time selection and the like. The method for interplanting potato in the sugarcane field is capable of increasing the land utilization rate and increasing the yield and the economic benefit of crops on one hand, and on the other hand, the stalks and the leaves of the harvested potato plants can be returned to the field as a farming fertilizer, and therefore, the planting cost can be reduced.

Description

A kind of method of sugarcane field interplanting potato
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of plant growing technology, be specifically related to the method for a kind of sugarcane field interplanting potato.
Background technology
Sugarcane is the main sugar [yielding of China, area account for the long-term sugared charge level of China long-pending more than 85%, output of sugar accounts for more than 90% of sugar gross yield, be positioned at the Guangxi of south subtropics monsoon climatic region, illumination is sufficient, has plenty of rain, suitable sugarcane production, and Guangxi is Chinese and country in Southeast Asia innerland, southwest " joint portion " is Southwest China channel to sea the most easily, Sugarcane Industry development in Guangxi has unique advantage in geography.Gu Sugarcane Industry has become the main source of Guangxi District economic development mainstay and increasing peasant income.But the sugarcane production cycle is long, line-spacing is large, and the envelope retardation of walking, interplants other crops during this period of time if make full use of, greatly can improve land utilization rate in line-spacing, increases output and the economic benefit of crops.
Potato, Solanaceae Solanum, annual herb plant, another name potato, potato, potato etc.The happiness of potato property cools, and is the crop liking low temperature.Its underground potato block is formed and loose ventilative, the nice and cool damp soil environment of growth needs.Potato raw long period is 3 ?4 months, if sowed before year, and harvesting in April in the coming year at the latest.And sugarcane early stage need nutrient few, in 6 months, the last ten-days period, when growing a large amount of nutrient of vigorous needs and earth up greatly, potato was gathered in complete.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is just to provide the method for a kind of sugarcane field interplanting potato.Under the production conditions not affecting sugarcane, improve productive rate and the economic benefit of crops.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
A method for sugarcane field interplanting potato, comprises the following steps:
(1), select loose, fertile, permeability is good, irrigation and drainage are convenient, interplant is implemented in the new plant cane field, Winter-Spring of traffic convenience;
(2) sugar cane breed based on erect plants, early growth is slow, late growing stage is fast high yield and high sugar kind " Guangdong sugar 93/159 " and " new No. 20, platform sugar ", Potato Cultivars high based on output, adaptable " cooperation 88 " and " anti-blue or green 9 ?1 ";
(3) the potato planting time be late November to early December, adopt the double rows line seeding of single ridge during sowing, ditch depth 15cm, wide 30cm, carries out staggered seeding, spacing in the rows 20 ?25cm, line-spacing 40 ?50cm, mu Basic Seedling ensures about 2000 strains, the mu amount of sowing about 100kg;
(4) the cane planting time is late January late December to next year, adopt wide-narrow row planting mode, wide line-spacing 130 ?150cm, narrow row is apart from 60 ?80cm, ditch bottom width 30 ?35cm, ditch depth 35 ?40cm, mu sowing quantity 800kg, first fills with permeable again with atrazine envelope grass, pours water and speed should fill with speed row after earthing, face, potato ridge can not be flooded, finally covered cane land plastic membrane.Two row potatos are interplanted in the every wide line-spacing sugarcane of this implantation methods;
(5) every mu, potato base fertilizer execute farmyard manure 800 ?1000kg, fertilizer applies in seed furrow before sowing, sugarcane base fertilizer every mu of sealing fertilizer 80 ?100kg, topdressing when potato plant grows into 15cm, when gathering in the crops potato, removing cane land plastic membrane, carry out cultivation and banking, potato haulm, Ye Haitian, every mu of topdress 40 ?50kg urea and the general calcium of 20 ?30kg simultaneously, carries out after fertilising earthing up, sealing the management work such as grass.
Preferably, potato adopts the sowing of lump zone bud, stripping and slicing prior to seeding 1 ?within 2 days, carry out, stripping and slicing weigh 30 ?50g, be watered spraying with metalaxyl-mn-zn or thiophanate methyl after stripping and slicing and carry out disinfection sterilization processing, pile up vexed kind after 2 hours, otch spreads upward, spreads out and dries, and makes wound healing;
Preferably, potato line-spacing 45cm, the wide line-spacing 140cm of sugarcane.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows the implantation methods adopting sugarcane interplanting potato, greatly improve land utilization rate on the one hand, increase output and the economic benefit of crops.After potato harvesting, its potato stem, leaf can also use as agriculture fertilizer in field on the other hand, can reduce planting cost.
Embodiment
Below embodiments of the invention are described in detail, can be easier to make advantages and features of the invention be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus more explicit defining is made to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A method for sugarcane field interplanting potato, comprises the following steps:
(1) select loose, fertile, permeability is good, irrigation and drainage are convenient, interplant is implemented in the new plant cane field, Winter-Spring of traffic convenience;
(2) started to plant potato November 20:
Seed treatment: 1 day prior to seeding, carries out stripping and slicing process to the potato of band bud, the heavy 30g of stripping and slicing, be watered spraying with metalaxyl-mn-zn or thiophanate methyl after stripping and slicing to carry out disinfection sterilization processing, pile up vexed kind after 2 hours, otch spreads upward, spread out and dry, make wound healing;
Start ditching in the middle of every 230cm, ditch depth 15cm, wide 30cm, plant stripping and slicing in the mode sentencing spacing in the rows 20cm apart from limes marginis 10cm, and simultaneously every mu execute farmyard manure 800kg;
(3) growing cane apart from limes marginis 70cm place December 20, mu sowing quantity 800kg, and in the ditching of adjacent rows sugarcane, ditch bottom width 30, ditch depth 35, every mu, base fertilizer sealing fertilizer 80kg, first fill with permeable again with atrazine envelope grass after earthing, pour water and speed should fill with speed row, face, potato ridge can not be flooded, finally cover cane land plastic membrane;
(4) topdress when potato plant grows into 15cm;
(5) start to gather in potato in February 20 next year, by potato haulm, Ye Haitian after harvesting, every mu of topdress 40 urea and 20 general calcium simultaneously, carry out after fertilising earthing up, sealing the management work such as grass.
Embodiment 2
A method for sugarcane field interplanting potato, comprises the following steps:
(1) select loose, fertile, permeability is good, irrigation and drainage are convenient, interplant is implemented in the new plant cane field, Winter-Spring of traffic convenience;
(2) started to plant potato December 1:
Seed treatment: 2 days prior to seeding, carries out stripping and slicing process to the potato of band bud, the heavy 40g of stripping and slicing, be watered spraying with metalaxyl-mn-zn or thiophanate methyl after stripping and slicing to carry out disinfection sterilization processing, pile up vexed kind after 2 hours, otch spreads upward, spread out and dry, make wound healing;
Start ditching in the middle of every 240cm, ditch depth 15cm, wide 30cm, plant stripping and slicing in the mode sentencing spacing in the rows 23cm apart from limes marginis 10cm, and simultaneously every mu execute farmyard manure 900kg;
(3) growing cane apart from limes marginis 70cm place in January 5 next year, mu sowing quantity 800kg, and in the ditching of adjacent rows sugarcane, ditch bottom width 32cm, ditch depth 37cm, every mu, base fertilizer sealing fertilizer 90kg, first fill with permeable again with atrazine envelope grass after earthing, pour water and speed should fill with speed row, face, potato ridge can not be flooded, finally cover cane land plastic membrane;
(4) topdress when potato plant grows into 15cm;
(5) start by the end of February to gather in potato in next year, by potato haulm, Ye Haitian after harvesting, every mu of topdress 40 urea and 20 general calcium simultaneously, carry out after fertilising earthing up, sealing the management work such as grass.
Embodiment 3
A method for sugarcane field interplanting potato, comprises the following steps:
(1) select loose, fertile, permeability is good, irrigation and drainage are convenient, interplant is implemented in the new plant cane field, Winter-Spring of traffic convenience;
(2) started to plant potato December 10:
Seed treatment: 2 days prior to seeding, carries out stripping and slicing process to the potato of band bud, the heavy 50g of stripping and slicing, be watered spraying with metalaxyl-mn-zn or thiophanate methyl after stripping and slicing to carry out disinfection sterilization processing, pile up vexed kind after 2 hours, otch spreads upward, spread out and dry, make wound healing;
Start ditching in the middle of every 250cm, ditch depth 15cm, wide 30cm, plant stripping and slicing in the mode sentencing spacing in the rows 25cm apart from limes marginis 10cm, and simultaneously every mu execute farmyard manure 1000kg;
(3) growing cane apart from limes marginis 70cm place in January 5 next year, mu sowing quantity 800kg, and in the ditching of adjacent rows sugarcane, ditch bottom width 35cm, ditch depth 40cm, every mu, base fertilizer sealing fertilizer 100kg, first fill with permeable again with atrazine envelope grass after earthing, pour water and speed should fill with speed row, face, potato ridge can not be flooded, finally cover cane land plastic membrane;
(4) topdress when potato plant grows into 15cm;
(5) start to gather in potato in March 10 next year, by potato haulm, Ye Haitian after harvesting, every mu of topdress 40 urea and 20 general calcium simultaneously, carry out after fertilising earthing up, sealing the management work such as grass.

Claims (3)

1. a method for sugarcane field interplanting potato, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1), select loose, fertile, permeability is good, irrigation and drainage are convenient, interplant is implemented in the new plant cane field, Winter-Spring of traffic convenience;
(2) sugar cane breed based on erect plants, early growth is slow, late growing stage is fast high yield and high sugar kind " Guangdong sugar 93/159 " and " new No. 20, platform sugar ", Potato Cultivars high based on output, adaptable " cooperation 88 " and " anti-blue or green 9 ?1 ";
(3) the potato planting time be late November to early December, adopt the double rows line seeding of single ridge during sowing, ditch depth 15cm, wide 30cm, carries out staggered seeding, spacing in the rows 20 ?25cm, line-spacing 40 ?50cm, mu Basic Seedling ensures about 2000 strains, the mu amount of sowing about 100kg;
(4) the cane planting time is late January late December to next year, adopt wide-narrow row planting mode, wide line-spacing 130 ?150cm, narrow row is apart from 60 ?80cm, ditch bottom width 30 ?35cm, ditch depth 35 ?40cm, mu sowing quantity 800kg, first fills with permeable again with atrazine envelope grass, pours water and speed should fill with speed row after earthing, face, potato ridge can not be flooded, finally covered cane land plastic membrane.Two row potatos are interplanted in the every wide line-spacing sugarcane of this implantation methods;
(5) every mu, potato base fertilizer execute farmyard manure 800 ?1000kg, fertilizer applies in seed furrow before sowing, sugarcane base fertilizer every mu of sealing fertilizer 80 ?100kg, topdressing when potato plant grows into 15cm, when gathering in the crops potato, removing cane land plastic membrane, carry out cultivation and banking, potato haulm, Ye Haitian, every mu of topdress 40 ?50kg urea and the general calcium of 20 ?30kg simultaneously, carries out after fertilising earthing up, sealing the management work such as grass.
2. the method for sugarcane field interplanting potato according to claim 1, it is characterized in that potato adopts the sowing of lump zone bud, stripping and slicing prior to seeding 1 ?within 2 days, carry out, stripping and slicing weigh 30 ?50g, be watered spraying with metalaxyl-mn-zn or thiophanate methyl after stripping and slicing to carry out disinfection sterilization processing, pile up vexed kind after 2 hours, otch spreads upward, spread out and dry, make wound healing.
3. the method for sugarcane field interplanting potato according to claim 1, is characterized in that potato line-spacing 45cm, the wide line-spacing 140cm of sugarcane.
CN201410734597.2A 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 Method for interplanting potato in sugarcane field CN104396536A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104920055A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-09-23 广西大学 Sugarcane and potato interplanted cultivating method
CN106069016A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-11-09 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 A kind of cultural method of spring planting sugarcane interplanting sweet potato
CN106105493A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-16 范荣俊 A kind of potato seed processes the method for prevention and elimination of disease and pests
CN106717774A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-31 武宣县禄新镇农业技术推广站 The method that single file simple bud cane stalk kind wide-and narrow-row interplants Herba Andrographitis
CN106717739A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-05-31 唐春艳 A kind of method that sugarcane interplants potato
CN108513854A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-11 菏泽学院 A kind of oil cultural method of tree peony and Fuji apple intercropping
CN108575533A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-28 菏泽学院 A kind of oil cultural method of tree peony and grape intercropping
CN108718853A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-11-02 菏泽学院 A kind of oil cultural method of tree peony and yellow peach intercropping
CN108781953A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-11-13 菏泽学院 A kind of oil cultural method of tree peony and pawpaw intercropping

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CN102687636A (en) * 2012-06-13 2012-09-26 贵州省亚热带作物研究所 Wide box and wide belt culture method for sugarcane
CN102972177A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-03-20 吴太平 Three-dimensional interplanting method for potatoes and corns
CN102986404A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-03-27 肥西县农业技术推广中心 Potato and cotton interplanting high-yield culture technique
CN103477823A (en) * 2013-08-26 2014-01-01 武鸣县宁武一鸣红香蕉专业合作社 Cultivation method for interplanting of bananas and potatoes
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104920055A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-09-23 广西大学 Sugarcane and potato interplanted cultivating method
CN106069016A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-11-09 广西壮族自治区农业科学院经济作物研究所 A kind of cultural method of spring planting sugarcane interplanting sweet potato
CN106105493A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-16 范荣俊 A kind of potato seed processes the method for prevention and elimination of disease and pests
CN106717739A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-05-31 唐春艳 A kind of method that sugarcane interplants potato
CN106717774A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-31 武宣县禄新镇农业技术推广站 The method that single file simple bud cane stalk kind wide-and narrow-row interplants Herba Andrographitis
CN108513854A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-11 菏泽学院 A kind of oil cultural method of tree peony and Fuji apple intercropping
CN108575533A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-28 菏泽学院 A kind of oil cultural method of tree peony and grape intercropping
CN108718853A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-11-02 菏泽学院 A kind of oil cultural method of tree peony and yellow peach intercropping
CN108781953A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-11-13 菏泽学院 A kind of oil cultural method of tree peony and pawpaw intercropping

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Application publication date: 20150311