CN104329120A - Tunnel construction safety monitoring and management system and tunnel construction safety monitoring and management method - Google Patents

Tunnel construction safety monitoring and management system and tunnel construction safety monitoring and management method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104329120A
CN104329120A CN201410551025.0A CN201410551025A CN104329120A CN 104329120 A CN104329120 A CN 104329120A CN 201410551025 A CN201410551025 A CN 201410551025A CN 104329120 A CN104329120 A CN 104329120A
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monitoring
management
video
safety
constructor
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CN201410551025.0A
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CN104329120B (en
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翟纯玉
付明
张军
毛虎林
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Chengdu Si Wei Electronic Information Inc Co
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Chengdu Si Wei Electronic Information Inc Co
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/418Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM]
    • G05B19/41865Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM] characterised by job scheduling, process planning, material flow
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F17/00Methods or devices for use in mines or tunnels, not covered elsewhere
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F17/00Methods or devices for use in mines or tunnels, not covered elsewhere
    • E21F17/18Special adaptations of signalling or alarm devices

Abstract

The invention discloses a tunnel construction safety monitoring and management system and a tunnel construction safety monitoring and management method. The tunnel construction safety monitoring and management system comprises a monitoring center system, an electromechanical equipment monitoring system, a constructor safety management system, a video monitoring system, a voice broadcast system and a communication system, and the electromechanical equipment monitoring system, the constructor safety management system, the video monitoring system and the voice broadcast system are connected with the monitoring center system through the communication system. Since the invention adopts advanced monitoring and management technology, management personnel can visually know the situation of a tunnel construction site in real time and keep track of the working conditions and motion tracks of on-site constructors and equipment, so that monitoring and management can be more reasonably implemented conveniently; when an accident abnormality takes place, a most reasonable, most effective related measure can be rapidly taken according to data, graphs and emergency solution provided by the system to increase working efficiency and safety, the cause and liability of the accident can be accurately analyzed by recalling the accident, and thereby the modernization, informationization and intelligentization of management and monitoring are realized.

Description

A kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to security monitoring management field, particularly relate to a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system and method.
Background technology
Current, China advances high-quality railway, high-speed railway, expressway construction on a large scale, and remote railway transprovincially, construction of the highway spread out in China.Because China is a country vast in territory, with a varied topography, wherein mountain region, hills and high original area account for more than 60% of territory total area, mountainous region and hills area is run in Rail Highway construction, and rivers and lakes, urban population City Regions etc., adopting tunnel construction scheme to be the most direct, is also adopt to walk scheme the most efficiently.Tunnel construction can shorten mileage effectively; improve line scale, ensure operation security; preserve the ecological environment; but tunnel construction is a complexity, dangerous high engineering; particularly tunnel construction project is many in railway, highway and Construction of Urban Rail Traffic in recent years, engineering quantity is large, task is heavy, the duration is tight; in work progress, security incident happens occasionally, and causes heavy losses to people's life's property, social influence very severe.Construction safety monitor and managment becomes a whole society and all pays close attention to and highstrung topic.
Safety for tunnel engineering is one of most important action of unit in charge of construction, Construction unit and authorities.
In current constructing tunnel process, safety management mainly relies on administrative means, access supervision when being more beginning and the process afterwards gone wrong, and unified planning and necessary information supportive platform are lacked to the supervision of process, lack unified automatically-monitored and management system, construction information can not be obtained in real time, more one can not be had to grasp to job site and constructor comprehensively, in time, exactly, be difficult to form the effective mechanism to accident Accurate Prediction, early warning.When a fault occurs, owing to not understanding field condition, emergency management and rescue scheduling mechanism and rescue measure are difficult to accomplish in time, rationally, effectively, sometimes even produce second accident, bring great bodily injury to Field Force, cause heavy losses to national wealth.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system and method are provided, change the situation that the supervision of current constructing tunnel process safety falls behind relatively, adopt advanced computer technology, Video Supervision Technique and the communication technology, there is electromechanical equipment monitoring, constructor's safety management, video monitoring, voice broadcast service, and the function such as first aid, daily management after safe early warning, emergency preplan and calamity, realize the modernization of management, informationization, intellectuality.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system, it comprises monitoring center system, electronic & mechanic machine control system, constructor's safety management system, video monitoring system, voice broadcast service system and communication system, and electronic & mechanic machine control system, constructor's safety management system, video monitoring system are connected with monitoring center system by communication system with voice broadcast service system.
Described communication system comprises cordless communication network and Networks of Fiber Communications, and cordless communication network is made up of the wireless bridge bridge joint of multiple technical grade; Networks of Fiber Communications comprises multiple optical fiber switch and optical cable, and multiple optical fiber switch connects to form optical fiber self-healing looped network by optical cable; Each wireless bridge or optical fiber switch are the communication network node in communication system.
Described monitoring center system comprises one or more database server, Web server, the communication server, work station or electronics module on duty, and database server, Web server, electronics module on duty is connected with the communication server by communication network with work station;
Data record, store and management function that database server completion system runs, for Surveillance center provides database access service; The information such as the system running state that Web server connection management information system MIS or compound terminal provide sing on web to serve, fault alarm, historical record; The communication server is responsible for the communication process of monitoring center system and work station, data acquisition, protocol transform and data prediction; Electronics module on duty comprises Multi-serial port server and GSM/GPRS modem; Work station is electromechanical equipment work station, constructor's management of safe operation station, video work station and voice broadcast service work station according to segregation of duties.
Described electronic & mechanic machine control system comprises electromechanical equipment work station, communication network node, ventilation monitoring system, plumbing monitoring system, power supply and illumination monitoring system or other monitoring of equipment monitoring systems;
Ventilation monitoring system comprises ambient parameter monitoring modular, blower fan regulator cubicle, wind tube wind quantity sensor and total return air air velocity transducer; Plumbing monitoring system comprises water level in water pool monitoring modular, water pump regulator cubicle, sewerage treatment monitoring module or waterproof monitoring modular; Power supply and illumination monitoring system comprise load monitoring module, Power Monitoring Unit, illumination monitoring modular or energy statistics module; Other monitoring of equipment monitoring systems comprise other electromechanical equipments such as communication equipment, air compressor machine, gas drainage under suction equipment, uninterrupted power source UPS, emergency power supply EPS, diesel generating set and face deformation of timbering and the on-line instrument instrument such as tension gauge, roof deformation and stress ga(u)ge, hydrogeological parameter instrument, and other electromechanical equipments and on-line instrument instrument are by intelligent monitoring interface access work station nearby.
Described constructor's safety management system comprises constructor's management of safe operation station, communication network node, Card Reader substation, dynamic object recognition device or giver badge, constructor's management of safe operation station is connected with Card Reader substation and dynamic object recognition device by communication network node, and Card Reader substation is connected with giver badge, dynamic object recognition device is connected with giver badge by radio connection.
Described video monitoring system comprises video monitoring work station, communication network node or video front-end equipment, video front-end equipment comprises web camera, analog video camera, video server and supporting camera lens, The Cloud Terrace, protective cover, floor light, wiper, power supply, lightning protection component, web camera is connected with video monitoring work station by communication network node, after analog video camera is connected with video server, be connected with video monitoring work station by communication network node.
Described voice broadcast service system comprises voice broadcast service work station, communication network node, power amplifier, microphone or sound column, and voice broadcast service work station is connected with power amplifier, and power amplifier is also connected with communication network node, and communication network node is connected with sound column.
It also comprises a security preparedness management system, security preparedness management system comprises ventilate monitoring prediction scheme, electric power and lighting installation monitoring prediction scheme, the monitoring of tunnel measurement parameters prediction scheme, constructor's management scenario or video monitoring prediction scheme, any logical expression of formula describer editor that user can use system to provide, security preparedness management system initiatively can be called by manual activation, also can trigger Automatically invoked by event.
It also comprises a CMTS, it comprises main website of Surveillance center interface, Web server, fire wall and upper management information system interface, Web server is connected with main website of Surveillance center by main website of Surveillance center interface, Web server is also connected with fire wall, and fire wall is connected with upper management terminal by upper management information system interface.
A kind of safety for tunnel engineering method for managing and monitoring, it comprises following one or more step:
(1) ventilation monitoring: ambient parameter monitoring modular automatic monitoring oxygen determination Gas content, dust concentration, carbon monoxide CO, carbon dioxide CO2 and gas CH 4concentration, when monitoring concentration and exceeding safety and sanitation standard, adds forced ventilation and reports to the police; Adopt Frequency Converter Control blower fan start and stop and running speed; Adopt two-way Power supply, the temperature of Real-Time Monitoring blower fan, power supply and fan operation state, fan trouble or abnormal alarm; Air flow sensor Real-Time Monitoring wind tube wind quantity, the out-of-limit alarm of air quantity; Judge that air duct leaks out whether within normal range (NR), if exceed allowed band alarm;
(2) plumbing monitoring: adopt Frequency Converter Control water pump, soft start and soft stop water pump prevents water hammer from occurring; Real-Time Monitoring water pump state, fault alarm; Adopt two water level logic control method, control the start and stop of water pump, when water level in water pool monitoring module monitors to collecting-tank water level too low or too high alarm; Waterproof monitoring modular Real-Time Monitoring monitoring point hydraulic pressure, infiltration parameter and environment precipitation parameter, when parameter exceeds the maximum or the abnormal alarm of water burst; Whether the sewage after the process of sewerage treatment monitoring module Real-Time Monitoring up to standard, if monitor up to standard after, sewage effluent;
(3) power supply and illumination monitoring: on off state, electric current, voltage, the power factor of load monitoring module Real-Time Monitoring circuit; Power supply monitoring module monitors emergency power supply EPS, diesel generating set, standby electric power, the duty of uninterrupted power source UPS, switching state, battery condition in real time; Illumination monitoring modular monitors the ambient lighting degree of operation side in real time to change lamplight brightness, and whether Real-Time Monitoring illuminating lamp has and damage, when there being damage alarm; Energy statistics module statistics uses energy situation, and calculates the relevant electricity charge, and whether monitoring has electric leakage, preventing electric fire;
(4) constructor's safety management: arrange multiple Card Reader substation and dynamic object recognition device in tunnel, staff wears giver badge; To constructor's work attendance and statistics of turning out for work; Statistic of classification is carried out to the quantity of each monitoring section staff and distribution situation; Report to the police to Migrant women or without card constructor triggered alarm, and the personnel of notice management and running in time; Real time location tracking is carried out to constructor, abnormal alarm occurs; When implementing to blow out work, whether whether real time inspection blown out staff and put in place, have personnel to be detained, and notify in time and record, when blowing out regulation if can not reach, blaster can not work; Constructor can be called out to Surveillance center by giver badge's button, and Surveillance center also to tag card photos and sending messages, can carry out emergency relief scheduling and daily management;
(5) video monitoring: adopt video compress speed height network broadband to take little video front-end equipment; Video camera is arranged on the important events that need to carry out video monitoring and the mobile device such as Denver Nuggets car, stable car, carries out omnibearing video monitoring; Image scene can be divided into monitoring group according to place, and with the display of 4 split screens, 9 split screens or 16 split screen modes, in group, image can taking turn automatically, switching time can be regulated arbitrarily, when there is abnormal alarm, can link arbitrarily other equipment alarms, can eject alarm in client simultaneously; Multichannel audio-video frequency synchronous recording stores, and user can, according to the difference of using function and environment, select different image sharpness to store;
(6) voice broadcast service: particularly voice broadcast service system is installed in job site and important events segmentation in tunnel, when finding that there is act of violating regulations, carries out phonetic warning, correction, in emergency circumstances, broadcast command evacuating crowd; Security knowledge education can be carried out during rest, play music; Two-way call is carried out by microphone in scene, tunnel; Important broadcast message carries out digitalized audio record by voice broadcast service work station, to recollect playback, analysis responsibility;
(7) local side monitoring: local side administrative staff are connected with monitoring center system by the IE browser of built-in computer, online query tunnel on-the-spot real-time running state, video image, warning message and history log, and provide advice in On-line construction scene, dispatch service; When obtaining the authorization, can direct control appliance running status, perform emergency management and rescue commander task; CMTS sets up fire wall, and monitoring in real time guarantees network security;
(8) security preparedness management: support any logical expression editor and graphical forecasting edited, user is according to on-site actual situations and engineering experience establishment security preparedness, stored in security preparedness management database, so that query calls, user can carry out correction security preparedness according to practical operation situation;
(9) emergency review and recurrence, comprises following sub-step:
S1: when there is accident, after system waits until rear N frame of having sampled, will recollect buffer area unloading is disk database, adds timestamp and failure cause, preserves with document form;
S2: automatically form all emergency review forms recollecting data of this substation to Sub Ammunition Supply Poi according to accident, determines deposit by user or prints;
S3: by calling emergency review picture, the profile data of loading accident simultaneously, by the scene of picture recurrence accident intuitively, can finger prosthesis framing number or manually recur;
S4: by curve browser, can show accurate sampling curve, represents with numeral or curve form;
S5: broadcast audio file when derivation accident occurs, reduces the scene of the accident further.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system and method, adopt advanced computer technology, Video Supervision Technique and the communication technology, there is electromechanical equipment monitoring, constructor's safety management, video monitoring, voice broadcast service, and safe early warning, emergency preplan, rescue and relief work, command scheduling, the function such as first aid and daily management after calamity, realize the modernization of management, informationization, intellectuality.
Construction manager can in time, convenient, understand tunnel construction site situation intuitively, grasp the movement locus of site operation personnel, device distribution situation and each personnel and equipment, be convenient to more reasonably implement security monitoring and management and running; When there being accident to occur, data, figure and emergency plan that rescue personnel can provide according to this system, the situation of the rapid understanding relevant personnel, take the most in time, the most effectively rescue measure, improve the efficiency of emergency management and rescue work, reduce the loss, and scene reproduction can be made by emergency review, be conducive to analyzing cause of accident and responsibility.
The present invention can be widely used in security monitoring and the management of forever facing the multiple tunnel construction sites such as incorporation engineering of railway, Railway Tunnel construction, highway/Optimization of Expressway Tunnel Construction, urban track traffic constructing tunnel, mining construction, other tunnel/underground chambers or structure construction, tunnel monitoring and management.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of present system;
Fig. 2 is the Typical Disposition system block diagram of monitoring center system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is electronic & mechanic machine control system structured flowchart of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is constructor's safety management system structured flowchart of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is video monitoring system structured flowchart of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is voice broadcast service system architecture diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is CMTS structured flowchart of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the following stated.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system (SD-2100), it comprises monitoring center system, electronic & mechanic machine control system, constructor's safety management system, video monitoring system, voice broadcast service system and communication system, and electronic & mechanic machine control system, constructor's safety management system, video monitoring system are connected with monitoring center system by communication system with voice broadcast service system.
(1) communication system
Described communication system comprises cordless communication network and Networks of Fiber Communications, and cordless communication network is made up of the wireless bridge bridge joint of multiple technical grade; Networks of Fiber Communications comprises multiple optical fiber switch and optical cable, and multiple optical fiber switch connects to form optical fiber self-healing looped network by optical cable; Each wireless bridge or optical fiber switch are the communication network node in communication system.
Construction tunnel site environment is severe, and the phenomenon such as electromagnetic interference, dust, vibrations, humidity, pernicious gas is very serious, and due to this particularity, the communication system that support monitoring system normally works needs to think better of following factor when selecting:
1) unified planning and laying
The content that SD-2100 system comprises is more, all using communication system as support.Therefore, at system with when building, should unified planning, common share communication network, so both can avoid overlapping construction, cost-saving, reduce difficulty of construction, communication equipment utilization rate can be improved again, be convenient to unified maintenance management.
2) reliable communications
Meet the site environment requirement that construction tunnel is severe, ensure that communication system has high reliability, high stability.
3) transmission bandwidth
SD-2100 system needs transmission automation data and video data, and wherein the requirement of video data to bandwidth is higher, and therefore, communication bandwidth should at 10M or more.
4) install reliably
Communication equipment should have installs feature simple, easy to maintenance.
5) easily expansion, easily movement
Along with the increasing gradually of the tunnel piercing degree of depth, need the number of objects of supervision and content to increase gradually, this just requires, and communication system can be accomplished " tunnel digs network thereunto will cover there ", meets the requirement of easily expansion; In addition, development machine and haulage device are mobile, if need to monitor these equipment or face, then need to meet communicating requirement under mobile condition.
In tunnel, set up cordless communication network, generally should select technical grade wireless bridge.The smart machine access wireless bridges nearby such as outstation (work station), video front, communicate with monitoring center system, complete monitoring function.
The technical grade wireless bridge being applicable to tunnel monitoring should have following functions characteristic:
1) communications band is generally operational in 2.4G or 5.8GHz;
2) bandwidth 11M, 54M or higher;
3) Ethernet, RS-232/485 data-interface is provided, for accessing outstation (work station), video front-end equipment etc. nearby;
4) under network bridge mode, transmission range can reach more than 20km;
5) antenna volume is unsuitable excessive, preferably built-in, has good lightning protection capability and measure;
6) expansion or the increase network equipment are very simply, and meet the demand of mobile communication;
7) meet electromagnetism interference, dust-proof, antidetonation, waterproof, anticorrosion requirement, normally can work at outdoor-40 ~ 70 DEG C of temperature condition;
8) working power: allow multiple power supply mode, preferably supports that PoE powers.
Fiber optic communication has the advantages such as antijamming capability is strong, bandwidth is high, long transmission distance, when using in tunnel, generally should form optical fiber self-healing looped network by optical fiber switch, to improve communication reliability further.
Fiber optic communication has many advantages, but also has its shortcoming: installation is complicated.Laying of optical cable is cumbersome, and the welding of optical cable and tail optical fiber needs this special equipment of optical fiber splicer, and technological requirement is also higher; Optical cable, once after laying, expands new network node cumbersome, is also not suitable for the communication of mobile device.
(2) monitoring center system
As shown in Figure 2, described monitoring center system comprises one or more database server, Web server, the communication server, work station or electronics module on duty, and database server, Web server, electronics module on duty is connected with the communication server by communication network with work station;
Data record, store and management function that database server completion system runs, for Surveillance center provides database access service; The information such as the system running state that Web server connection management information system MIS or compound terminal provide sing on web to serve, fault alarm, historical record; The communication server is responsible for the communication process of monitoring center system and work station, data acquisition, protocol transform and data prediction; Electronics module on duty comprises Multi-serial port server and GSM/GPRS modem; Work station is electromechanical equipment work station, constructor's management of safe operation station, video work station and voice broadcast service work station according to segregation of duties.
Electronics module on duty is made up of Multi-serial port server and GSM MODEM (containing China Mobile's SIM card, service charge), by system failure warning, abnormal information or any data of specifying and information, by the mode such as dialing, GSM message, remote notification operator on duty or arbitrarily assigned work personnel, improve staff's efficiency on duty.
Monitoring center system Typical Disposition is by the communication server of 1 database server, 1 Web server, 2 redundant configuration, and some work stations composition.When the tunnel of system monitoring is larger, work station is made up of electromechanical equipment work station, constructor's management of safe operation station, video work station, voice broadcast service work station; When the scale of monitoring is less, also can only to seek unity of action each task by configuration 2 work stations.
The present invention has splendid retractility, and user can select concrete configuration according to actual conditions, maximum can full redundancy configuration, minimum can stand-alone configuration.
(3) electronic & mechanic machine control system
As shown in Figure 3, described electronic & mechanic machine control system comprises electromechanical equipment work station, communication network node, ventilation monitoring system, plumbing monitoring system, power supply and illumination monitoring system or other monitoring of equipment monitoring systems.
Constructing tunnel, ventilates and has irreplaceable effect.In constructing tunnel process, in order to dilute and discharge blasting fume, dust and toxic and harmful that explosion produces, keep good condition of work, must to tunnel piercing face or other face-airing, namely send into fresh distinguished and admirable, to ensure physical and mental health and the life security of constructor.Especially gas tunnel, carries out construction ventilation work and plays an important role to preventing the relevant serious accident of gas in work progress.
Implementing automatically-monitored, is exactly according to equipment such as Air Quantity Required apolegamy blower fan, air duct etc. in constructing tunnel process, and to include in automatically-monitored by the running status of these equipment and ambient parameter.
(1) ventilation monitoring system
Described ventilation monitoring system comprises ambient parameter monitoring modular, blower fan regulator cubicle, wind tube wind quantity sensor and total return air air velocity transducer.The action of ventilation monitoring system is as follows:
1) Environmental Monitoring
In order to protect the health and lives safety of constructor in tunnel, tunnel environment (air quality) should include automatic monitoring in, and the content of monitoring comprises: oxygen content, dust concentration, carbon monoxide CO, carbon dioxide CO2, gas CH 4concentration, when monitoring concentration and exceeding safety and sanitation standard, should add forced ventilation and report to the police.
2) fan monitoring
1, start-stop monitoring: when construction and operation, fan condition on line real-time monitoring, fan trouble alarm.If desired, the start and stop of Frequency Converter Control blower fan and normal operation can be adopted, the target of energy-saving run can be reached so preferably.
2, monitoring of working condition: in order to ensure blower fan functional reliability, general employing two-way Power supply, when construction and operation, to Real-Time Monitoring, fault or the abnormal alarm such as temperature, power supply (electric current, voltage, electrical source exchange state), fan operation state of blower fan.
3) air quantity air monitoring
1, at air duct first and last end, air flow sensor Real-Time Monitoring wind tube wind quantity is installed, off-limit alarm; And judge that air duct leaks out whether within normal range (NR), report to the police if exceed allowed band.
2, at total return air place, the wind speed in air velocity transducer detection tunnel is installed, off-limit alarm.
4) linkage lock
According to demand, ventilation equipment monitoring runs with other electromechanical equipments of tunnel, video monitoring system, voice broadcast service system, fire alarm system etc. are implemented to link, lock-in control.
(2) plumbing monitoring system
Described plumbing monitoring system comprises water level in water pool monitoring modular, water pump regulator cubicle, sewerage treatment monitoring module or waterproof monitoring modular.
Constructing tunnel relates to water supply, draining and waterproof, needs the content of monitoring mainly to comprise: water pump monitoring, collecting-tank water level monitoring, water pressure monitoring and warning, infiltration monitoring and warning, rainfall monitoring, sewerage treatment automation etc.Plumbing monitoring system works content is as follows:
1) water pump monitoring
Water pump on off control, on-line condition monitoring, fault alarm.Adopt Frequency Converter Control water pump if desired, realize soft start and soft stop, prevent the generation of water hammer, energy-conservation target can also be reached;
2) water level in water pool monitoring
Water level in water pool adopts dibit logic control, according to water level height two states, determines the start and stop of water pump, stable within the specific limits with domination set water level in water pool.When water level too low or too high time, system provides alarm;
3) anti-water monitoring and warning
Water damage is a common and serious disaster in constructing tunnel process.For the tunnel having potential water damage, should pay much attention to waterproof drainage, carrying out monitoring in real time to important parameter is exactly a kind of effective technological means.Like this, the advantage of monitoring management system can be given full play to, play effect of Real-Time Monitoring and warning, variation tendency monitoring, data analysis, prediction and early warning;
The content of monitoring is needed to comprise monitoring point hydraulic pressure, infiltration parameter, and environment precipitation parameter etc.When these parameters are out-of-limit or water burst abnormal conditions time, system provides alarm automatically;
4) sewerage treatment
The sewage produced in constructing tunnel process, waste water, need through process up to standard after, just can discharge, to ensure that environment is not contaminated.Sewage disposal process, draining water quality standard can include automatic monitoring, monitoring in, to guarantee that draining is up to standard, and can greatly increase work efficiency.
(3) power supply and illumination monitoring system
Described power supply and illumination monitoring system comprise load monitoring module, Power Monitoring Unit, illumination monitoring modular or energy statistics module.
Along with the raising of mechanization of tunnelling degree, the power consumption of constructing tunnel is also increasing, and load is concentrated.In order to ensure construction quality and construction safety, should implement automatically-monitored to constructing tunnel power supply facilities and lighting apparatus.Power supply and illumination monitoring content comprise:
1) power supply state of important load: line switching state, electric current, voltage, power factor etc.;
2) duty, switching state, the battery condition of emergency power supply, diesel generating set, standby electric power, UPS etc.;
3) energy statistics and electricity bill control;
4) operation side ambient light illumination monitoring, and lighting loop is monitored, bad lamp detects;
5) electric leakage and electrical fire monitoring, warning.
(4) other monitoring of equipment monitoring systems
Other described monitoring of equipment monitoring systems comprise other electromechanical equipments such as air compressor machine, gas drainage under suction equipment, uninterrupted power source UPS, emergency power supply EPS and face deformation of timbering and the on-line instrument instrument such as tension gauge, roof deformation and stress ga(u)ge, hydrogeological parameter instrument, and other electromechanical equipments and on-line instrument instrument are by intelligent monitoring interface access work station nearby.
1) electromechanical equipment
Other electromechanical equipments in tunnel, as communication equipment (comprising the communication equipment of robot control system(RCS) self), air compressor machine, gas drainage under suction equipment, uninterrupted power source UPS, emergency power supply EPS, diesel generating set etc., automation Real-Time Monitoring, monitoring can be included in.
Include monitoring requirement communication equipment in and possess network management function, air compressor machine, extraction equipment etc. have intelligent monitoring interface.
2) Real-Time Monitoring of other on-line instrument instrument and warning
Various on-line monitoring instrument and meters in constructing tunnel process, as face deformation of timbering and tension gauge, roof deformation and stress ga(u)ge, hydrogeological parameter instrument etc., outstation nearby can be accessed and then include systematic unity monitoring and management in, complete the functions such as graphic software platform, abnormal alarm, trend curve analysis, history data store and printing.
(5) constructor's safety management system
As shown in Figure 4, described constructor's safety management system comprises constructor's management of safe operation station, communication network node, Card Reader substation, dynamic object recognition device or giver badge, constructor's management of safe operation station is connected with Card Reader substation and dynamic object recognition device by communication network node, and Card Reader substation is connected with giver badge, dynamic object recognition device is connected with giver badge by radio connection.
Constructor's safety management system is primarily of constructor's management of safe operation station, Card Reader substation, dynamic object recognition device, giver badge's composition.By arranging Card Reader substation, dynamic object recognition device in tunnel, staff wears tag card, can complete constructor's work attendance, zone location, external without functions such as card personnel warning, emergency relief scheduling, daily managements.Constructor's safety management system has following characteristics:
1) attendance management function
1, can to turn out for work statistics to staff in real time, statistic of classification is carried out to the quantity of each monitoring section staff and distribution situation;
2, triggered alarm warning is understood to Migrant women or without card constructor, and the personnel of notice management and running in time;
3, automatically can gather, store, generating report forms and the above information of printing.
2) location tracking function
1, real time location tracking: real-time tracking (can simultaneously to multi-human tracking) can be carried out to specifying arbitrarily the employee of numbering or name; Can carry out rapid locating query to specific people current location, designated person once move position in tunnel, and report is uploaded automatically at once; The job status of dispatcher's real-time tracking, supervision special work post personnel can be helped, verify relevant leader and whether carried out footman's operation;
2, Dynamic Graph display: support geographical information system (GIS), electronic map, polar plot, the multiple graphic display mode such as bitmap, graphically show tunnel situation intuitively: the delay of current each area people distribution, staff, equipment installation and running status etc.;
3, historical act track: according to tag card or personnel's name of input, the track details in this employee's same day or certain hour section can be inquired about, realize trajectory diagram playback simultaneously.
3) management is blown out
Enforcement blow out work time need to withdraw staff, whether can personnel be also had to be detained by real time inspection, whether the staff blown out puts in place, notifies timely to withdraw and record; In conjunction with blaster, can carry out locking management to when blowing out, do not reach when blowing out regulation, blaster can not work.
4) remarkable performance
1, the identification certainty of height: the front end recognition rate of 100%, as long as constructor correctly wears active RF card, just can be installed in neighbouring card reader and read;
2, decipherment distance is far away: 0 ~ 50m scope identifiable design;
3, anti-collision performance: each test point can identify 50 staff at most simultaneously;
4, Dynamic Recognition performance: dynamic tag card can be identified, the recognition speed of 200km/h can be reached the soonest;
5, bidirectional alarming function: constructor can be called out to Surveillance center by tag card button, Surveillance center also can to tag card photos and sending messages.
(6) video monitoring system
As shown in Figure 5, described video monitoring system comprises video monitoring work station, communication network node or video front-end equipment, video front-end equipment comprises web camera, analog video camera, video server and supporting camera lens, The Cloud Terrace, protective cover, floor light, wiper, power supply, lightning protection component, web camera is connected with video monitoring work station by communication network node, after analog video camera is connected with video server, be connected with video monitoring work station by communication network node.
Video monitoring can reflect tunnel site operation situation intuitively, allows dispatcher and administrative staff produce effect on the spot in person, is the important component part of construction safety monitoring system.Video monitoring system adopts totally digitilized technology and up-to-date video standard, is that performance is remarkable, the Active Eyes of new generation of complete function.Video monitoring system has following major functions and features:
1) modularized design of standard is adopted
H.264 etc. headend equipment adopts the configuration of IP video camera or " video camera+video server ", and video compression standard supports MEPG2, MPEG4.Wherein, MPEG4 and H.264 video compress speed is high, network occupied bandwidth is little, is applicable to using in a network environment.
When custom system expands, only need to expand headend equipment, need not upgrade to central server and client hardware, protect subscriber equipment investment to greatest extent.
2) networking, digitized monitoring requirement is applicable to
System adopts the ICP/IP protocol of standard, and energy framework is on LAN, wide area network and wireless network.Digitlization DVR (DVR) or Network Personal Video Recorder (NVR) can directly access on WAN router or LAN switch, simultaneously, equipment can arrange gateway arbitrarily, supports cross-network segment completely, has the monitoring remote video environment of router.The vision signal compressed by video server and control signal, completely by Internet Transmission, save the cost laying long-distance line cable, really accomplish " net is multiplex ".
Video monitoring system adopts B/S structure, can be distributed in the video camera centralized management of different location; Also can monitor same scene in the different location within the scope of Internet or Intranet simultaneously.
3) perfect systemic-function
Video monitoring system can complete the functions such as dynamic detection image, multi-screen/split screen display, digital hard disk recording, retrieval playback, camera lens/cradle head control, interlink warning, video alarm, remote monitoring, electronic map, daily record of work, network communication and WEB service, can also the management function such as completing user management, safety management and Operation system setting.
Image scene can be divided into monitoring group according to place, and with the display of 4 split screens, 9 split screens or 16 split screen modes, in group, image can taking turn automatically, and switching time can regulate arbitrarily.When occurring to report to the police, can link arbitrarily other equipment, as warning lamp, warning signal, can eject alarm in client simultaneously.
4) various control agreement is supported
Video monitoring system supports the control protocol of many esbablished corporations simultaneously; comprise PECLO-P, PECLO-D, LILIN quick, YAAN quick control protocol; make the control appliance collaborative work of different agreement, ensure can continue when system upgrade to use original control appliance, protection customer investment.
5) realize digitlization multichannel audio-video frequency signal synchronous collection, run under being adapted at low-bandwidth environment
The MPEG4 that employing is advanced or H.264 Standard of image compression, when ensureing image high-resolution, not frame losing, realize multichannel audio-video frequency synchronous recording to store, user can according to the difference of using function and environment, select different memory modules, the clear grade of picture can be divided into: low, general, better, four grades.
H.264 be the Standard of image compression of the up-to-date release of ITU, greatly can reduce the bandwidth occupancy on network, every road image only needs 300 ~ 600Kbps, and bandwidth occupancy is extremely low, saves 30% bandwidth than MPEG4.
6) equipment is simple, constructability
Video monitoring system adopts totally digitilized technology, greatly simplify the device category and quantity that may relate in monitoring system, video matrix, switch, image splitter, character adder etc. that it instead of in simulated monitoring system completely need with the use of the function that could realize, not only reduce the construction period of commissioning device, the use of less equipment simultaneously, stability and the reliability of total system can be improved, reduce the difficulty of service equipment in the future.
7) be easy to be combined with automated system, mis system
Just considering the combination with automated system, voice broadcast service when designing, the function such as exchanges data, alarm linkage can be completed with other system easily, realizing integrated monitoring; Adopt standard Web Services technology, have very strong opening and compatibility, can be connected easily with the MIS net of each system completely, the user in MIS net only need use IE browser can carry out video image and monitor in real time, without the need to any setting.
8) good extensibility
System front end adopts IP video camera or modular video server, when system expands, only needs to expand video camera or video server.In Surveillance center, administrative staff only need to carry out simple software merit rating, just can complete whole system upgrade work.
Video monitoring system is restricting user access quantity not, and user can utilize client control and IE browser monitoring site environment whenever and wherever possible.Good extensibility makes user can set up frequency image monitoring system from a small amount of video camera drops into, later along with the increase of the tunnel piercing degree of depth, more progressively expands video camera.
9) multiple protection functions, improves the security performance of system
System allows to arrange user class cipher protection function, when user needs the relevant configuration revising systems soft ware and hardware, all will input user's name and password, after system validation, could arrange and revise systems soft ware and systematic parameter.
(7) voice broadcast service system
As shown in Figure 6, described voice broadcast service system comprises voice broadcast service work station, communication network node, power amplifier, microphone or sound column, and voice broadcast service work station is connected with power amplifier, and power amplifier is also connected with communication network node, and communication network node is connected with sound column.
Voice broadcast service system is made up of power amplifier, microphone, sound column etc., and power amplifier and microphone are placed in Surveillance center, and sound column is arranged in the important area such as tunnel face, work plane, and microphone or sound pick-up also can be installed in scene, tunnel if desired, realize two-way call.
Voice broadcast service system carries out remote broadcast to tunnel face, work plane, by being arranged on on-the-spot camera surveillance job site, if find that there is act of violating regulations can carry out phonetic warning, correction; In emergency circumstances, as blown out, command evacuating crowd can be broadcasted; Security knowledge education can be carried out during rest, play music etc.; Important broadcast message carries out digitalized audio record by voice broadcast service work station, to recollect playback, analysis responsibility.
(8) security preparedness management system
The present invention also comprises a security preparedness management system, security preparedness management system comprises ventilate monitoring prediction scheme, electric power and lighting installation monitoring prediction scheme, the monitoring of tunnel measurement parameters prediction scheme, constructor's management scenario or video monitoring prediction scheme, any logical expression of formula describer editor that user can use system to provide, security preparedness management system initiatively can be called by manual activation, also can trigger Automatically invoked by event.
Security preparedness can assist supervisor of construction to process common safety problem in construction; When a fault occurs, can as the instrument of disaster prevention and control emergency relief dispatch control and foundation.
1) forecasting edited
System provides graphical forecasting edited instrument, easily according to on-site actual situations and engineering experience establishment security preparedness, stored in security preparedness management database, for inquiry, can call.User can revise according to practical operation situation.
2) prediction scheme performs
Security preparedness both can as job guide and warning, also can actuating logic locking, export the tasks such as control, complete the action such as locking, interlock.
3) call
Security preparedness method of calling comprises active and calls and Automatically invoked.Initiatively call by manual activation; Automatically invoked is triggered by event, user can arrange trigger event and condition in advance, the event that can trigger comprises the event of out-of-limit and other users setting of switch changed position, alarm item, remote measurement, also supports any logical expression of formula describer editor that user uses system to provide.
1) ventilation monitoring prediction scheme
2) electric power and lighting installation monitoring prediction scheme
3) tunnel measures monitoring prediction scheme
4) constructor's management scenario
5) video monitoring prediction scheme
(9) CMTS
As shown in Figure 7, the present invention also comprises a CMTS, it comprises main website of Surveillance center interface, Web server, fire wall and upper management information system interface, Web server is connected with main website of Surveillance center by main website of Surveillance center interface, Web server is also connected with fire wall, and fire wall is connected with upper management terminal by upper management information system interface.
On-the-spot monitoring system needs the relevant information of monitoring, constructor's situation, video image etc. to be uploaded to construction, headquarter of Construction unit, even group company, carries out two-stage or three cascade networks are checked, dispatch and managed.
SD-2100 system adopts JAVA technology, the Web server concept in Internet/Intranet is introduced in real-time monitoring system, can share real time data, image, picture, form etc. easily with upper management system or the office automation system.Under Web service is supported, user is without the need to installing any application program, only need use the IE browser of built-in computer, tunnel on-the-spot real-time running state, video image, warning message and history log can be inquired about, even can control appliance running status when obtaining the authorization, thus substantially increase managerial ability and the managerial skills of constructing tunnel.CMTS has following functional characteristics:
1) real time data/chart is browsed
Comprise browsing of monitoring figure, geographical map, system layout, real-time curve etc.
Video image is browsed, inquire about, and history image retrieval.
2) item inquiry
Temporally, various abnormal, the alarm item of the generation of category query monitor system.
3) dispatch control
Local side administrative staff, technical expert can provide advice to tunnel site operation online, dispatch service, in emergency circumstances can perform emergency management and rescue commander task.
4) history curve access
Browse whole history curves that SD-2100 system has.
5) report query
The various days of query monitor system, the moon, year run form.
6) technical data inquiry and other web service
Homepage service is provided, and systems technology information inquiry, web page access online help etc.
A kind of safety for tunnel engineering method for managing and monitoring, it comprises following one or more step:
S1: monitoring of ventilating: ambient parameter monitoring modular automatic monitoring oxygen determination Gas content, dust concentration, carbon monoxide CO, carbon dioxide CO2 and gas CH 4concentration, when monitoring concentration and exceeding safety and sanitation standard, adds forced ventilation and reports to the police; Adopt Frequency Converter Control blower fan start and stop and running speed; Adopt two-way Power supply, the temperature of Real-Time Monitoring blower fan, power supply and fan operation state, fan trouble or abnormal alarm; Air flow sensor Real-Time Monitoring wind tube wind quantity, the out-of-limit alarm of air quantity; Judge that air duct leaks out whether within normal range (NR), if exceed allowed band alarm;
S2: plumbing monitoring: adopt Frequency Converter Control water pump, soft start and soft stop water pump prevents water hammer from occurring; Real-Time Monitoring water pump state, fault alarm; Adopt two water level logic control method, control the start and stop of water pump, when water level in water pool monitoring module monitors to collecting-tank water level too low or too high alarm; Waterproof monitoring modular Real-Time Monitoring monitoring point hydraulic pressure, infiltration parameter and environment precipitation parameter, when parameter exceeds the maximum or the abnormal alarm of water burst; Whether the sewage after the process of sewerage treatment monitoring module Real-Time Monitoring up to standard, if monitor up to standard after, sewage effluent;
S3: power supply and illumination monitoring: on off state, electric current, voltage, the power factor of load monitoring module Real-Time Monitoring circuit; Power supply monitoring module monitors emergency power supply EPS, diesel generating set, standby electric power, the duty of uninterrupted power source UPS, switching state, battery condition in real time; Illumination monitoring modular monitors the ambient lighting degree of operation side in real time to change lamplight brightness, and whether Real-Time Monitoring illuminating lamp has and damage, when there being damage alarm; Energy statistics module statistics uses energy situation, and calculates the relevant electricity charge, and whether monitoring has electric leakage, preventing electric fire;
S4: constructor's safety management: arrange multiple Card Reader substation and dynamic object recognition device in tunnel, staff wears giver badge; To constructor's work attendance and statistics of turning out for work; Statistic of classification is carried out to the quantity of each monitoring section staff and distribution situation; Report to the police to Migrant women or without card constructor triggered alarm, and the personnel of notice management and running in time; Real time location tracking is carried out to constructor, abnormal alarm occurs; When implementing to blow out work, whether whether real time inspection blown out staff and put in place, have personnel to be detained, and notify in time and record, when blowing out regulation if can not reach, blaster can not work; Constructor can be called out to Surveillance center by giver badge's button, and Surveillance center also to tag card photos and sending messages, can carry out emergency relief scheduling and daily management;
S5: video monitoring: adopt video compress speed height network broadband to take little video front-end equipment; Video camera is arranged on the important events that need to carry out video monitoring and the mobile device such as Denver Nuggets car, stable car, carries out omnibearing video monitoring; Image scene can be divided into monitoring group according to place, and with the display of 4 split screens, 9 split screens or 16 split screen modes, in group, image can taking turn automatically, switching time can be regulated arbitrarily, when there is abnormal alarm, can link arbitrarily other equipment alarms, can eject alarm in client simultaneously; Multichannel audio-video frequency synchronous recording stores, and user can, according to the difference of using function and environment, select different image sharpness to store;
S6: voice broadcast service: particularly voice broadcast service system is installed in job site and important events segmentation in tunnel, when finding that there is act of violating regulations, carries out phonetic warning, correction, in emergency circumstances, broadcast command evacuating crowd; Security knowledge education can be carried out during rest, play music; Two-way call is carried out by microphone in scene, tunnel; Important broadcast message carries out digitalized audio record by voice broadcast service work station, to recollect playback, analysis responsibility;
S7: local side is monitored: local side administrative staff are connected with monitoring center system by the IE browser of built-in computer, online query tunnel on-the-spot real-time running state, video image, warning message and history log, and provide advice in On-line construction scene, dispatch service; When obtaining the authorization, can direct control appliance running status, perform emergency management and rescue commander task; CMTS sets up fire wall, guarantees network security;
S8: security preparedness manages: support any logical expression editor and graphical forecasting edited, user is according to on-site actual situations and engineering experience establishment security preparedness, stored in security preparedness management database, so that query calls, user can carry out correction security preparedness according to practical operation situation;
S9: emergency review and recurrence, comprises following sub-step:
S91: when there is accident, after system waits until rear N frame of having sampled, will recollect buffer area unloading is disk database, adds timestamp and failure cause, preserves with document form;
S92: automatically form all emergency review forms recollecting data of this substation to Sub Ammunition Supply Poi according to accident, determines deposit by user or prints;
S93: by calling emergency review picture, the profile data of loading accident simultaneously, by the scene of picture recurrence accident intuitively, can finger prosthesis framing number or manually recur;
S94: by curve browser, can show accurate sampling curve, represents with numeral or curve form;
S95: broadcast audio file when derivation accident occurs, reduces the scene of the accident further.

Claims (10)

1. a safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system, it is characterized in that: it comprises monitoring center system, electronic & mechanic machine control system, constructor's safety management system, video monitoring system, voice broadcast service system and communication system, electronic & mechanic machine control system, constructor's safety management system, video monitoring system are connected with monitoring center system by communication system with voice broadcast service system.
2. a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described communication system comprises cordless communication network and Networks of Fiber Communications, and cordless communication network is made up of the wireless bridge bridge joint of multiple technical grade; Networks of Fiber Communications comprises multiple optical fiber switch and optical cable, and multiple optical fiber switch connects to form optical fiber self-healing looped network by optical cable.
3. a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described monitoring center system comprises one or more database server, Web server, the communication server, work station or electronics module on duty, database server, Web server, electronics module on duty is connected with the communication server by communication network with work station;
Data record, store and management function that database server completion system runs, for Surveillance center provides database access service; The information such as the system running state that Web server connection management information system MIS or compound terminal provide sing on web to serve, fault alarm, historical record; The communication server is responsible for the communication process of monitoring center system and work station, data acquisition, protocol transform and data prediction; Electronics module on duty comprises Multi-serial port server and GSM/GPRS modem; Work station is electromechanical equipment work station, constructor's management of safe operation station, video work station and voice broadcast service work station according to segregation of duties.
4. a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described electronic & mechanic machine control system comprises electromechanical equipment work station, communication network node, ventilation monitoring system, plumbing monitoring system, power supply and illumination monitoring system or other monitoring of equipment monitoring systems;
Ventilation monitoring system comprises ambient parameter monitoring modular, blower fan regulator cubicle, wind tube wind quantity sensor and total return air air velocity transducer; Plumbing monitoring system comprises water level in water pool monitoring modular, water pump regulator cubicle, sewerage treatment monitoring module or waterproof monitoring modular; Power supply and illumination monitoring system comprise load monitoring module, Power Monitoring Unit, illumination monitoring modular or energy statistics module; Other monitoring of equipment monitoring systems comprise other electromechanical equipments such as communication equipment, air compressor machine, gas drainage under suction equipment, uninterrupted power source UPS, emergency power supply EPS, diesel generating set and face deformation of timbering and the on-line instrument instrument such as tension gauge, roof deformation and stress ga(u)ge, hydrogeological parameter instrument, and other electromechanical equipments and on-line instrument instrument are by intelligent monitoring interface access work station nearby.
5. a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described constructor's safety management system comprises constructor's management of safe operation station, communication network node, Card Reader substation, dynamic object recognition device or giver badge, constructor's management of safe operation station is connected with Card Reader substation and dynamic object recognition device by communication network node, and Card Reader substation is connected with giver badge, dynamic object recognition device is connected with giver badge by radio connection.
6. a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described video monitoring system comprises video monitoring work station, communication network node or video front-end equipment, video front-end equipment comprises web camera, analog video camera, video server and supporting camera lens, The Cloud Terrace, protective cover, floor light, wiper, power supply, lightning protection component, web camera is connected with video monitoring work station by communication network node, after analog video camera is connected with video server, be connected with video monitoring work station by communication network node.
7. a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described voice broadcast service system comprises voice broadcast service work station, communication network node, power amplifier, microphone or sound column, voice broadcast service work station is connected with power amplifier, power amplifier is also connected with communication network node, and communication network node is connected with sound column.
8. a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it also comprises a security preparedness management system, security preparedness management system comprises ventilate monitoring prediction scheme, electric power and lighting installation monitoring prediction scheme, the monitoring of tunnel measurement parameters prediction scheme, constructor's management scenario or video monitoring prediction scheme, any logical expression of formula describer editor that user can use system to provide, security preparedness management system initiatively can be called by manual activation, also can trigger Automatically invoked by event.
9. a kind of safety for tunnel engineering monitoring management system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it also comprises a CMTS, it comprises main website of Surveillance center interface, Web server, fire wall and upper management information system interface, Web server is connected with main website of Surveillance center by main website of Surveillance center interface, Web server is also connected with fire wall, and fire wall is connected with upper management terminal by upper management information system interface.
10. a safety for tunnel engineering method for managing and monitoring, is characterized in that: it comprises following one or more step:
(1) ventilation monitoring: ambient parameter monitoring modular automatic monitoring oxygen determination Gas content, dust concentration, carbon monoxide CO, carbon dioxide CO 2with gas CH 4concentration, when monitoring concentration and exceeding safety and sanitation standard, adds forced ventilation and reports to the police; Adopt Frequency Converter Control blower fan start and stop and running speed; Adopt two-way Power supply, the temperature of Real-Time Monitoring blower fan, power supply and fan operation state, fan trouble or abnormal alarm; Air flow sensor Real-Time Monitoring wind tube wind quantity, the out-of-limit alarm of air quantity; Judge that air duct leaks out whether within normal range (NR), if exceed allowed band alarm;
(2) plumbing monitoring: adopt Frequency Converter Control water pump, soft start and soft stop water pump prevents water hammer from occurring; Real-Time Monitoring water pump state, fault alarm; Adopt two water level logic control method, control the start and stop of water pump, when water level in water pool monitoring module monitors to collecting-tank water level too low or too high alarm; Waterproof monitoring modular Real-Time Monitoring monitoring point hydraulic pressure, infiltration parameter and environment precipitation parameter, when parameter exceeds the maximum or the abnormal alarm of water burst; Whether the sewage after the process of sewerage treatment monitoring module Real-Time Monitoring up to standard, if monitor up to standard after, sewage effluent;
(3) power supply and illumination monitoring: on off state, electric current, voltage, the power factor of load monitoring module Real-Time Monitoring circuit; Power supply monitoring module monitors emergency power supply EPS, diesel generating set, standby electric power, the duty of uninterrupted power source UPS, switching state, battery condition in real time; Illumination monitoring modular monitors the ambient lighting degree of operation side in real time to change lamplight brightness, and whether Real-Time Monitoring illuminating lamp has and damage, when there being damage alarm; Energy statistics module statistics uses energy situation, and calculates the relevant electricity charge, and whether monitoring has electric leakage, preventing electric fire;
(4) constructor's safety management: arrange multiple Card Reader substation and dynamic object recognition device in tunnel, staff wears giver badge; To constructor's work attendance and statistics of turning out for work; Statistic of classification is carried out to the quantity of each monitoring section staff and distribution situation; Report to the police to Migrant women or without card constructor triggered alarm, and the personnel of notice management and running in time; Real time location tracking is carried out to constructor, abnormal alarm occurs; When implementing to blow out work, whether whether real time inspection blown out staff and put in place, have personnel to be detained, and notify in time and record, when blowing out regulation if can not reach, blaster can not work; Constructor can be called out to Surveillance center by giver badge's button, and Surveillance center also to tag card photos and sending messages, can carry out emergency relief scheduling and daily management;
(5) video monitoring: adopt video compress speed height network broadband to take little video front-end equipment; Video camera is arranged on the important events that need to carry out video monitoring and the mobile device such as Denver Nuggets car, stable car, carries out omnibearing video monitoring; Image scene can be divided into monitoring group according to place, and with the display of 4 split screens, 9 split screens or 16 split screen modes, in group, image can taking turn automatically, switching time can be regulated arbitrarily, when there is abnormal alarm, can link arbitrarily other equipment alarms, can eject alarm in client simultaneously; Multichannel audio-video frequency synchronous recording stores, and user can, according to the difference of using function and environment, select different image sharpness to store;
(6) voice broadcast service: particularly voice broadcast service system is installed in job site and important events segmentation in tunnel, when finding that there is act of violating regulations, carries out phonetic warning, correction, in emergency circumstances, broadcast command evacuating crowd; Security knowledge education can be carried out during rest, play music; Two-way call is carried out by microphone in scene, tunnel; Important broadcast message carries out digitalized audio record by voice broadcast service work station, to recollect playback, analysis responsibility;
(7) local side monitoring: local side administrative staff are connected with monitoring center system by the IE browser of built-in computer, online query tunnel on-the-spot real-time running state, video image, warning message and history log, and provide advice in On-line construction scene, dispatch service; When obtaining the authorization, can direct control appliance running status, perform emergency management and rescue commander task; CMTS sets up fire wall, and monitoring in real time guarantees network security;
(8) security preparedness management: support any logical expression editor and graphical forecasting edited, user is according to on-site actual situations and engineering experience establishment security preparedness, stored in security preparedness management database, so that query calls, user can carry out correction security preparedness according to practical operation situation;
(9) emergency review and recurrence, comprises following sub-step:
S1: when there is accident, after system waits until rear N frame of having sampled, will recollect buffer area unloading is disk database, adds timestamp and failure cause, preserves with document form;
S2: automatically form all emergency review forms recollecting data of this substation to Sub Ammunition Supply Poi according to accident, determines deposit by user or prints;
S3: by calling emergency review picture, the profile data of loading accident simultaneously, by the scene of picture recurrence accident intuitively, can finger prosthesis framing number or manually recur;
S4: by curve browser, can show accurate sampling curve, represents with numeral or curve form;
S5: broadcast audio file when derivation accident occurs, reduces the scene of the accident further.
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